US-Soldaten in Afghanistan




"More Than 100 Killed And Thousands Injured In Anti-Government Protests In Iraq"

Bei den Protesten gegen die irakische Regierung sind Berichten zufolge bereits über hundert Menschen getötet worden. "Protesters, who took to the streets on Tuesday frustrated over joblessness and corruption, have been met with live ammunition from security forces attempting to break up the mass demonstrations that have convulsed Baghdad and parts of southern Iraq for days. So far, 104 people have been killed and 6,107 have been wounded in the unrest, according to figures released by Iraqi security officials. More than 1,200 security members are among the injured. Demanding better basic public services like electricity and water and renouncing corruption, a small group of protesters assembled seemingly spontaneously last week before being dispersed by security forces."

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"Nearly 71 Million People Forcibly Displaced Worldwide As Of 2018, U.N. Report Says"

Dem jährlich erscheinenden "Global Trends"-Bericht der UNO zufolge sind bis zum Ende des vergangenen Jahres weltweit fast 71 Millionen Menschen durch Krieg, Verfolgung und Gewalt vertrieben worden. "The figure represents an increase of more than 2 million in the number of refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people from the year before, and a near 65% increase from a decade ago. It is also the highest number in UNHCR history. 'The global trends, once again unfortunately, go in what I would say is the wrong direction,' U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi told reporters in Geneva at the launch of the report, which comes just a day before World Refugee Day. The report reveals that 13.6 million people were newly displaced in 2018. Ethiopia topped the list with more than 1.5 million people newly displaced during the year, most of them within their own country. Syria was next with nearly 900,000."

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"In Yemen Conflict, Some See A New Age Of Drone Warfare"

Geoff Brumfiel schreibt, dass im Krieg in Jemen immer wieder kleine Drohnen zum Einsatz kommen. Einige Experten sähen in dieser Entwicklung den Beginn einer neuen Ära der Drohnenkriegführung. "The small drones used by the Houthis pose some significant problems for conventional militaries, according to Nicholas Heras, a fellow at the Center for a New American Security. 'They're difficult to stop because they're low profile,' he says. 'They don't give off a lot of radar signature, they fly relatively slowly.' Moreover, using GPS, they can navigate through holes in air defenses. (...) [Nick Waters, a researcher with the U.K.-based online investigative group Bellingcat], who tracks weapons systems in Yemen and elsewhere, says low-tech drone warfare is here to stay. Small drones are showing up in conflict zones from Ukraine to the Philippines. 'These things are going to be around, simply because the capability they give is really, really useful, and they're not that expensive,' he says. 'If I wanted to start an insurgency, or start my own little militia, one of the first things I would do ... is to buy a drone.'"

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"Here's Why The Trump Administration's Iran Sanctions Strategy Won't Work"

Aaron David Miller und Richard Sokolsky sind der Ansicht, dass die US-Regierung ihre erklärten Ziele gegenüber dem Iran mit der aktuellen Sanktionsstrategie nicht erreichen wird. "Pressure — in the form of military threats, economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation — can be an effective tool if it's tethered to a comprehensive and realistic strategy that combines carrots and sticks. But a strategy that insists on getting 100 percent of what the administration wants while denying Iran anything it wants is doomed to failure. (...) the Iranian regime remains legitimate in the eyes of millions of Iranians, has been in place for four decades, retains tremendous repressive power, enjoys the support of Russia and China and faces no organized opposition on the ground. It is fantastical thinking to believe that Washington could get rid of the regime. If internal changes come, they will be driven primarily by Iranians themselves. In fact, Trump is likely to leave before the mullahs do. The Trump administration can cause Iran severe pain, but it cannot trigger massive internal unrest that will precipitate the collapse of the regime or a fundamental change in Iran's regional behavior."

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"U.S. Masses Aid Along Venezuelan Border As Some Humanitarian Groups Warn Of Risks"

Die US-Regierung verfolgt mit ihren Hilfslieferungen an die Bevölkerung in Venezuela John Otis zufolge nicht nur humanitäre Ziele. Die öffentlichkeitswirksame Operation an der Grenze zu Kolumbien soll demnach auch die Maduro-Regierung unter Druck setzen und den gewünschten Regimewechsel forcieren. Einige Hilfsorganisationen hätten die Aktion deshalb kritisiert. "Other critics have drawn parallels between the U.S. operation and Russia's intervention in eastern Ukraine in 2014, when it sent more than 250 aid trucks into the country without Red Cross escorts or customs clearance. U.S. officials acknowledge that positioning the aid on the border is, in part, designed to provoke. The idea is to convince Venezuelan military officers to defy Maduro's orders and allow the aid into the country. (...) the risks of linking humanitarian assistance to regime change are already coming into focus, with some Venezuelan aid workers being denounced by the Maduro government as opposition activists, says Daniel Almeida of CARE International, which partners with aid groups in Venezuela. 'Local NGOs have received some ... warnings because of their engagement with international aid. The whole environment is becoming more aggressive,' Almeida said. Another danger, experts say, is that Maduro — who currently allows in some humanitarian assistance from various international agencies — could close the door on aid altogether."

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"Leaving Syria Is Far Less Risky Than Staying"

Die anhaltende Bedrohung durch den IS in Syrien hat Forderungen nach einer Abkehr vom angekündigten Rückzug der US-Truppen laut werden lassen. Aaron David Miller und Richard Sokolsky würden eine Fortführung des Militäreinsatzes allerdings für hochriskant halten. "There are risks in departing Syria, but there are far greater ones in staying. That's particularly true if the U.S. cannot achieve the goals it has set publicly, and if Russia, Iran and Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime continue to have their way. Paradoxically, staying in Syria under these circumstances can make America look weak, too. (...) With no political support at home, outmaneuvered by Iran and Russia, and no real will to make a major commitment, Washington stood little chance of altering the political or battlefield balance. What seems to have finally dawned on an already risk-averse Trump administration is the painful but necessary realization that the standard for success in Syria has never been could we win, but when could we leave."

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"Journalists Argue Russian Interference Has Been Exaggerated"

Die beiden Journalisten Masha Gessen und Adrian Chen, die sich für den New Yorker seit langem mit Russland beschäftigen, erläutern in diesem Interview mit NPR, warum sie die Vorstellung, dass Moskau die US-Wahlen mit Hilfe einiger Internet-Trolle entschieden habe, für "grob vereinfachend" halten. Putin und seine Berater hätten ohne Zweifel ein Interesse an größerer Unruhe in den USA, die aktuelle Debatte spiele ihnen gerade deshalb in die Hände, so Gessen. "I think that Russian meddling in the election is an important issue. At the same time, the simplistic narrative that basically imagines that a bunch of subliterate-in-English trolls posting mostly static and sort of absurd advertising could have influenced American public opinion to such an extent that it fundamentally changed American politics is ridiculous on the face of it. And the fact that we're sort of falling deeper and deeper into that vision of the story is a little nuts. (...) I think we should be awake to the fact that Putin believes and his circle believes that democracy is messy, flawed and ultimately not viable. And a lot of what they do is sort of a self-fulfilling prophecy. They mess with the United States, and when messing with the United States seems to make the United States more messy, then that proves the point. It proves to the people of Russia that what they think of as stability is infinitely preferable to the unpredictability and peril of a democratic process."

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"In Wake Of Orlando Shooting, Clinton Suggests Broader Terrorist Watch Lists"

Präsidentschaftskandidatin Hillary Clinton hat nach dem Massaker von Orlando eine Ausweitung der Beobachtungslisten für den Antiterrorkampf angeregt, um terroristische Einzeltäter wie Omar Mateen frühzeitig entdecken zu können. "In the wake of the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, Hillary Clinton told NPR that in order to counter 'self-radicalization,' she wanted to create a team 'exclusively dedicated to detecting and preventing lone wolf attacks' and possibly even expand terrorist watch lists. She also called for creating more 'integrated intelligence use' among local, state and national law enforcement; 'strengthening communication' with other countries; and working with Silicon Valley to 'prevent online radicalization.'"

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"If You Think You're Anonymous Online, Think Again"

NPR hat in diesem Radiointerview mit Julia Angwin über deren neues Buch "Dragnet Nation - A Quest for Privacy, Security, and Freedom in a World of Relentless Surveillance" gesprochen. "Investigative reporter Julia Angwin was curious what Google knew about her, so she asked the company for her search data. 'It turns out I had been doing about 26,000 Google searches a month ... and I was amazed at how revealing they were,' she tells Fresh Air's Dave Davies. From NSA sweeps to commercial services scraping our Web browsing habits, to all kinds of people tracking us through our smartphones, Angwin says we've become a society where indiscriminate data-gathering has become the norm. Angwin has covered online privacy issues for years, and in her new book she describes what she did to try to escape the clutches of data scrapers, even to the point of creating a fake identity."

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"The End Of Privacy"

Die Medienorganisation NPR hat auf ihrer Website fünf Vorträge zusammengestellt, in denen sich Experten zu Fragen des Datenschutzes und zur Zukunft der Privatsphäre äußern. "In this hour, TED speakers explore our changing notions of privacy, the consequences, and whether privacy will soon be a relic of the past."

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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