US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"Trump thought Erdoğan was 'bluffing' about invading Syria, sources claim"

Einem auf anonymen Insider-Informationen basierenden Bericht zufolge soll US-Präsident Trump vor seiner Entscheidung für einen Truppenabzug aus Nordsyrien davon überzeugt gewesen sein, dass die Türkei einen Einmarsch in Syrien nicht wagen würde. "The Axios report claims that, until last week, the White House thought that 'Erdoğan would never actually go through with his long-threatened Syria invasion', because doing so would be detrimental to Turkish interests in the region. Based on that conviction, President Trump finally decided to call Erdoğan’s bluff by pulling American Special Forces troops out of northern Syria, in the belief that Tukey’s response would amount to nothing further than a few airstrikes and small-scale cross-border incursions. That belief was behind the White House’s surprise decision to suddenly pull its troops from northern Syria, according to Axios’ sources."

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"Mossad chief comments on policy of assassinations in rare interview"

Der Chef des israelischen Geheimdienstes Mossad hat sich in einem Interview ungewöhnlich freimütig über Attentate gegen identifizierte Feinde Israels geäußert. "[Yossi Cohen, the chief of the Mossad,] was asked to respond to recent allegations made by the Iranian government that Israel worked with 'Arab countries' to assassinate General Qassem Suleimani, the head of the Quds Force, an elite paramilitary unit in Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Suleimani claimed that several individuals were arrested last month in connection with the alleged plot. He also said that Israel tried to kill him and Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese Hezbollah group, in 2006. The head of the Mossad told Mishpacha that Suleimani had not 'necessarily committed the mistake yet that would place him on the prestigious list of Mossad’s assassination targets'. However, 'he knows very well that his assassination is not impossible' because 'the infrastructure he built presents a serious challenge for Israel', said Cohen."

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"Concerns about mass breakouts of jailed ISIS fighters if Turkey invades northern Syria"

Viele Beobachter fürchten Joseph Fitsanakis zufolge, dass tausende gefangene IS-Kämpfer nach einer türkischen Invasion Nordsyriens fliehen und den Kampf wieder aufnehmen könnten. "A statement issued by the White House on Monday said that Turkey would assume control of over 10,000 captured ISIS fighters who are currently being held in Kurdish-administered prison camps in northern Syria. But experts said that the wider Kurdish-controlled region of northern Syria, which Turkey intends to capture, is home to dozens of prisons with over 60,000 captured ISIS supporters in them. What will be the fate of these prisoners under Turkish control? Security observers have repeatedly accused Turkey in the past of turning a blind eye to ISIS, whose members fought a prolonged and bloody war against Iraqi and Syrian Kurds from 2016 to 2018. There are no guarantees that the Turks will not utilize a resurgent ISIS to suppress Kurdish nationalism in the region."

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"Tens of thousands of ISIS members are re-radicalizing inside Kurdish prison camps"

Ein Bericht der Washington Post hat auf die bedenklichen Zustände in kurdischen Gefangenenlagern in Syrien aufmerksam gemacht, in denen zehntausende Anhänger des "Islamischen Staates", darunter viele Frauen und Kinder, festgehalten werden. Joseph Fitsanakis berichtet, dass die Lager in der Praxis nicht von kurdischen Kämpfern, sondern von radikalen weiblichen Insassen geleitet werden. "They continue to follow the strict rules of the Islamic State and impose brutal punishment on those women and children who do not follow these rules. Women who speak to people from outside the prison camp, including journalists and lawyers, are later beaten and tortured; some have even been executed as a form of punishment, said The Post. Many of the Kurdish guards have also been attacked by the women and have been stabbed with makeshift weapons or had their arms and legs broken by them. Islamic State paraphernalia, including black flags and pro-ISIS banners, are regularly confiscated from inmates. The latter have even managed to smuggle video messages to the outside world. In one such video message, a group of veiled al-Hawl inmates are seen holding the banner of the Islamic State and urging the group’s male members to 'light the fire of jihad and free us [women] from these prisons'. The women in the video call themselves as “women of the mujahedeen” and issue a warning against 'the enemies of Allah': 'you think you have imprisoned us in your rotten camp. But we are a ticking bomb. Just you wait and see', they say."

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"US offensive cyber campaign disabled Iran’s strike capabilities, say sources"

Die Iranischen Revolutionsgarden haben sich einem Bericht der New York Times zufolge immer noch nicht von den Cyberangriffen der USA vom 20. Juni erholt. "The attack allegedly degraded the IRGC’s ability to strike at oil tankers and other ships in the Persian Gulf. (...) The June 20 cyber attacks were not meant to be permanent but their effects have endured much longer than was expected, according to the paper. It cited claims by anonymous senior American officials that the IRGC is 'still trying to repair critical communications systems and has not recovered the data lost in the attack'. It is also worth noting that, according to US sources, Iran did not escalate its own cyber attacks against Western targets in retaliation to the American cyber campaign against the IRGC. However, according to The Times, some American officials have expressed doubts about the wisdom and long-term impact of the cyber operation. They claim that the cyber attack gave the Iranians the opportunity to collect valuable information about US cyber capabilities. It also allowed them to detect and fix their vulnerabilities so that they are now better able to defend against future cyber attacks. Lastly, the attacks neutralized IRGC communications networks, which the US had penetrated and was collecting vital intelligence from, they argue."

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"In unprecedented move, US plans to block undersea cable linking US with China"

Eine Regulierungsbehörde der US-Regierung hat von der Konstruktion eines 8.000 Meilen langen Unterseekabels zwischen den USA und China aus Sicherheitsgründen abgeraten. Joseph Fitsanakis hält den Vorgang für "beispiellos". "According to The Wall Street Journal, the panel fears that the $300 million undersea cable project may facilitate Chinese espionage. The Justice Department-led panel is known as Team Telecom and consists of officials from several American government agencies, said the paper, citing 'individuals involved in the discussion' about PLCN. Never before has the US blocked the construction of an undersea cable, reported The Journal. (...) If the PLCN project is blocked, therefore, it will be the first such case in the history of the Internet in America. The paper said that supporters of the PLCN argue that it would give American government regulators more control over the security of Internet traffic before it even reaches US territory. Additionally, PLCN investors claim that the completion of the project will provide American companies with broader access to consumers in Asia. Google, Facebook, Dr. Peng Telecom and the US government declined to comment on the news report."

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"Palestinian intelligence report warns of possible uprising in occupied territories"

Der palästinensische Nachrichtendienst hat die Autonomiebehörde in einem internen Schreiben vor einem drohenden Aufstand in den besetzten Gebieten gewarnt. Hintergrund seien die wirtschaftliche Stagnation und die Perspektivlosigkeit vieler junger Palästinenser, berichtet Joseph Fitsanakis. "The report draws on data collected from interviews conducted with young Palestinians in the West Bank, surveillance of militant groups, interrogations with young militant detainees, as well as opinion trends on social media. Much of the data represents the views of Palestinians who are between the ages of 20 and 30. It suggests that they are angry about the lack of opportunity in their homeland and see no future for themselves and their families. They are therefore susceptible to calls for violent action against Israel and against the leadership of the PNA, the report warns."

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"Despite imminent US-Taliban deal, CIA plans to keep proxy units in Afghanistan"

Berichten zufolge könnte ein Friedensabkommen der USA mit den Taliban unmittelbar bevorstehen. Die CIA hat allerdings bereits deutlich gemacht, dass sie sich keineswegs aus Afghanistan zurückziehen will. "Several news outlets reported this week that Washington has resolved its differences with the Taliban about withdrawing American troops from Afghanistan, after receiving assurances by the Taliban that they will not cooperate with other militant Islamist groups, including al-Qaeda. An announcement of an agreement between the United States and the Taliban may thus be imminent. But in an article for Foreign Policy, Stefanie Glinski points out that the CIA is not planning to leave the Central Asian country any time soon. The American intelligence agency is known to support, arm and train several proxy forces throughout Afghanistan. Langley plans to keep those proxy forces operating in the country for the foreseeable future, regardless of whether US troops pull out, says Glinski."

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"Many countries, not just Russia, are trying to influence US elections, experts warn"

Cyber-Experten haben der Washington Post mitgeteilt, dass nicht nur Russland, sondern auch andere Länder versuchen, Wahlen in den USA zu beeinflussen. Auch die USA selbst betreiben demnach entsprechende Programme. "Foreign spy services that are utilizing information operations in order to influence US elections reportedly include - aside from Russia - Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Venezuela and China. The majority of foreign information operations take place on social-media platforms such as YouTube, Twitter, Instagram and Facebook. But there are also campaigns to influence more traditional American media, for instance by tricking newspapers into publishing letters to the editor that are in fact authored by foreign intelligence operatives. (...) Many countries - including Israel and the United States - now maintain advanced information operations targeting national elections on several continents. There are also many governments - such as Qatar, the Philippines and Turkey - that use these techniques on their own voters and could potentially use them in the near future to target foreign populations, including Americans. The 2020 presidential election in the US is expected to be the most hotly contested in many decades, so it is certain that numerous foreign spy agencies will try to influence it in numerous ways, says The Post."

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"Hundreds of ISIS fighters returning to Iraq to wage low-level insurgency"

Einem Bericht der Washington Post zufolge sind bis zu tausend IS-Kämpfer in den Irak zurückgekehrt, um einen neuen Guerilla-Krieg zu führen. Es drohe eine erneute Destabilisierung der betroffenen Regionen. "The Washington Post report comes a month after a group of researchers with the Institute for the Study of War warned that the Islamic State is capable of making a sudden comeback in the Middle East that could be 'faster and even more devastating' than 2014, when the group quickly conquered territory the size of Britain. In a 76-page paper entitled ISIS’s Second Comeback: Assessing the Next ISIS Insurgency, the researchers said that the militant group had managed to subvert Iraqi and Syrian government efforts to reintroduce stability and safety in areas previously under ISIS domination. Not only were government forces finding it 'increasingly difficult to establish durable and legitimate security and political structures' in those areas, but they should be worried about the possibility of ISIS actually reconquering territory in both Iraq and Syria, the report warned."

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"Analysis: Did the US Central Intelligence Agency lose 17 spies in Iran?"

Iran hat die Zerschlagung eines Spionagerings der CIA und die Verhaftung von 17 angeblichen Spionen gemeldet. Trotz des sofortigen Dementis der US-Regierung hält Joseph Fitsanakis es für wahrscheinlich, dass die Geschichte nicht völlig erfunden sei. "To begin with, there is no question that the CIA recruits heavily in Iran, given that the Islamic Republic is one of America’s - indeed the world’s - primary intelligence targets. (...) But losing 17 assets in one big sweep sounds fantastical. If it is true, it would signify one of the biggest intelligence-collection disasters in the CIA’s 72-year history. (...) What is more likely to have happened is that the Iranians detected a small number of CIA spies - possibly no more than two or three - and then slowly extended their counterintelligence investigation to incorporate those three individuals’ close associates, relatives, or even spouses. (...) What is more worrying for the CIA is that the Iranians appear to have visually identified a number of CIA case officers, whose job is to recruit and handle foreign assets. (...) If the Iranians are right, it means that these individuals will need to be recalled back to Washington as soon as possible and that their overseas careers are now at an end, since foreign counterintelligence services know that they are in fact intelligence officers. Additionally, the safety of their assets and foreign contacts will need to be reassessed on a case-by-case base, and many human-intelligence operations - some of them many years in the making - will need to be terminated. Thus, if the Iranians are telling the truth, many offices at the CIA’s headquarters in Langley, Virginia, will be in recovery mode for many months to come."

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"Mossad chief sees historic shift of alliances as Arab states side with Israel against Iran"

Der Direktor des israelischen Geheimdienstes Mossad hat in einem seiner seltenen öffentlichen Auftritte auf eine möglicherweise "historische" Verschiebung des regionalen Machtgefüges hingewiesen. "In his 40-minute speech Cohen said that the Mossad had identified the present time as 'a rare opportunity — perhaps the first in the history of the Middle East — to reach a regional understanding that would lead to an inclusive regional peace agreement' between Israel and most of the Arab states. He justified his reasoning by claiming that many Arab states are siding with Israel to pursue 'common interests [such as] the fight against rivals like Iran and jihadist terrorism'. This historic shift in alliances is happening as Israel is enjoying 'close relations with the White House' and keeping open 'channels of communication with the Kremlin', said the spy chief. These factors 'combine to create what might be a one-time window of opportunity' for Israel to form a strategic alliance with the majority of its Arab neighbors, said Cohen."

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"ISIS could make bigger comeback than 2014 in Iraq and Syria, warns new report"

Eine neue Studie des Institute for the Study of War (ISW) warnt Joseph Fitsanakis zufolge vor einem Comeback des "Islamischen Staates" im Nahen Osten. "The authors claim that the Islamic State moved its forces undercover during the multinational military campaign that eventually sacked its self-proclaimed caliphate. They go on to explain that by 'deliberately withdrawing and relocating may of its fighters and their families', the group managed to preserve a large part of its fighting forces, which are 'now dispersed across [Iraq and Syria] and are waging a capable insurgency'. The latter is funded through ISIS’ global finance network and armed with weapons and other war materiel that the group managed to hide in tunnel systems and other hidden facilities. Islamic State insurgents have thus been engaged in a broad and largely successful campaign to assassinate village and town elders across Iraq, and have even reestablished a sharia-based taxation system in some of Iraq’s predominantly Sunni areas. (...) Through its widening insurgency, the Islamic State has managed to subvert Iraqi and Syrian government efforts to reintroduce a semblance of stability and safety in areas previously conquered by the militant group. In fact, not only are government forces finding it 'increasingly difficult to establish durable and legitimate security and political structures' in those areas, but they should be worried about the possibility of ISIS actually reconquering territory in both countries, the report warns."

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"US-Iran tensions may have been sparked by ‘misread intelligence’, claims report"

Die aktuellen Spannungen zwischen den USA und dem Iran könnten einem Bericht des Wall Street Journal zufolge auf missverständliche Interpretationen von Geheimdienstberichten zurückzuführen sein. "The paper said that new intelligence collected by American spy agencies appears to show that Tehran was under the impression that the US was about to launch attacks against it. There is no information about what precisely led the Iranians to draw that conclusion. But it is believed that Iran responded to the perceived threat from Washington by abruptly bolstering its military posture and placing its allies in the region — including Hezbollah in Lebanon and numerous Shiite militias in Iraq and Syria, on high alert. Those actions were interpreted by Washington as evidence that Iran was planning to launch an attack against American interests in the region, thus prompting the White House to send the USS Abraham Lincoln strike group to sail to the area, and to partially evacuate its embassy in Iraq. Citing 'people familiar with the matter', the Journal said that new intelligence that has been collected 'in recent days' points to the initial actions taken by Tehran as 'defensive in nature'."

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"Sri Lanka attacks may indicate ISIS is moving east, say experts"

Die Anschlagsserie in Sri Lanka wird von einigen Experten als Bestätigung der These betrachtet, dass der IS seinen Schwerpunkt vom Nahen Osten nach Asien verlagert. "Writing for the British newspaper The Independent, [Ash Gallagher, an American war correspondent based in East Asia,] notes that not only is the Islamic State already established in Afghanistan (where it has 'swallowed whole units of Taliban fighters', according to The Times), but it is becoming increasingly powerful in the Philippines. (...) the Islamic State is now making its appearance in Bangladesh, where nearly a million Rohingya refugees are living in camps, having fled there as a result of a genocidal war launched against them by Buddhist paramilitaries and the government of Myanmar. (...) The sense of marginalization and discrimination among Iraqi Sunnis made them eager recruits for a militant group that was willing to protect them against a perceived enemy. There are many such populations of Muslims in East Asia, in countries such as Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, and even in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Militant groups like al-Qaeda and the Islamic State find fertile ground in societies with existing divisions, where groups of Sunni Muslims feel a deep sense of marginalization."

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"Video shows alleged Sri Lanka suicide bombers posing with ISIS flags"

Ein Video der Terrormiliz "Islamischer Staat" deutete Joseph Fitsanakis zufolge schon vor der Reklamation des Anschlags darauf hin, dass die Verantwortlichen für die Anschlagserie in Sri Lanka Kontakte zum IS gehabt haben. "All seven suicide bombers who carried out Sunday’s attacks have been identified as Sri Lankan nationals and members of the Sunni jihadist group National Thowheeth Jama’ath (NTJ). The Sri Lankan group has claimed responsibility for no more than a handful of mostly sabotage-themed operations in its three-year history. It is believed to have been established by hardline Islamists in 2016. (...) Indian intelligence officials were the first to openly draw a connection between Sunday’s attacks and the Islamic State, the Sunni militant group that is also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). One Indian official told the Hong Kong-based Asia Times newspaper that 'the NTJ were only foot soldiers and the controllers were someone else'."

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"US warns Germany it will end intelligence sharing if Huawei is given 5G contract"

Die US-Regierung hat offenbar gedroht, den Austausch von Geheimdienstinformationen mit Deutschland einzustellen, sollte das chinesische Unternehmen Huawei den Zuschlag für den Aufbau des deutschen 5G-Netzes erhalten. "According to The Wall Street Journal, the warning was included in a letter signed by Ambassador Richard Grenell, America’s top diplomat in Germany. It was allegedly sent to Peter Altmaier, Germany’s Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy. The paper says that Grenell suggests in his letter that Berlin should consider rival bids by companies belonging to American allies, such as the Swedish telecommunications equipment manufacturer Ericsson, Finland’s Nokia Corporation, or the South Korean Samsung Corporation, which is the world’s leading telecommunications hardware manufacturer. The Wall Street Journal did not reveal how it acquired Grenell’s letter, nor did it say whether the German government responded to it."

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"Destabilization fears grow as hundreds of armed ISIS fighters enter Iraq from Syria"

In den vergangenen Wochen sind offenbar hunderte bewaffnete IS-Kämpfer aus Syrien in den Irak eingedrungen. "To prevent this, the Shiite-led Iraqi army has reportedly deployed more than 20,000 soldiers across the 370-mile border with Syria. But the size of the border, as well as the region’s rugged and inhospitable terrain, are making it very difficult to police it. (...) The Associated Press report quotes three Iraqi intelligence officials and a United States military official, who say that more than 1,000 ISIS fighters entered Iraq from Syria since last September. Iraqi intelligence sources allegedly estimate that between 5,000 and 7,000 armed ISIS fighters are now present in Iraq. Many of them remain in hiding, but others are engaged in systematic efforts to revitalize the group’s presence in Iraq’s Sunni-majority provinces."

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"Hundreds of MI5 officers prepare for Brexit violence in Northern Ireland"

Der britische Geheimdienst MI5 fürchtet einem Bericht der Daily Mail zufolge, dass die Gewalt in Nordirland nach einem Brexit erneut aufflammen könnte. "The British Security Service (MI5) has over 700 officers - more than 20 percent of its entire force - stationed in Northern Ireland, due to fears that the Brexit process might reignite the centuries-long sectarian conflict there. (...) Many fear that the reinstated border will remind nationalist communities in the North that the island of Ireland remains partitioned and will thus reignite secessionist sentiments. A few days ago, the London-based newspaper The Daily Mail cited an unnamed 'counterterrorism source' who said that MI5, Britain’s primary counterterrorism agency, had stationed a fifth of its force in Northern Ireland. The agency is allegedly monitoring a number of dissident republican groups - a term used to describe armed groups of Irish nationalists who continue to reject the nationalist community’s majority view to endorse the Good Friday Agreement back in 1998."

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"CIA has maintained secret communication with North Korea for 10 years"

Einem Bericht des Wall Street Journal zufolge hält die CIA mindestens seit 2009 mit Erlaubnis des Weißen Hauses einen geheimen Kommunikationskanal mit der Regierung Nordkoreas offen. "The United States and North Korea have never had official diplomatic relations, nor have they ever maintained embassies at each other’s capitals. In rare instances, the North Korean Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York has been utilized to pass messages from the White House to the communist country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. No other systematic diplomatic activity between the two sides has ever been reported. But an article published in The Wall Street Journal on Monday claims that an intelligence channel between the CIA and unspecified North Korean intelligence officials has been active — with some periods of dormancy — for at least a decade."

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"Shiite militias ‘acting like mafia gangs’ in Iraq’s former ISIS-held areas"

Die schiitischen Milizen, die den IS erfolgreich aus sunnitischen Städten im Irak vertrieben haben, treten dort nun zunehmend wie "Mafiabanden" auf, berichtet Joseph Fitsanakis unter Verweis auf einen Beitrag der Washington Post. Damit wachse die Gefahr eines erneuten islamistischen Aufstands der sunnitischen Minderheit. "In 2014, the meteoric rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria - ISIS, later renamed Islamic State - was largely aided by Sunni Arabs’ belief that they were second-class citizens in a Shiite-dominated Iraq. Popular support for the Islamic State among Iraq’s Sunni Arab minority took the Iraqi government by surprise and almost enabled the militant group to conquer Baghdad in 2015. Today, after the destruction of the Islamic State’s self-declared caliphate, Iraq’s Shiite-dominated security and intelligence services have returned to Sunni-majority regions that were once ruled by ISIS. But there signs that about 50 Shiite militias, which were supported by the Iraqi state throughout the war against ISIS, are now becoming highly autonomous armed gangs that are undermining the central government in Baghdad."

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"Year in review: The biggest spy-related stories of 2018"

IntelNews hat in drei Artikeln die aufsehenerregendsten Geheimdienstgeschichten des vergangenen Jahres zusammengestellt. "Since 2008, when we launched intelNews, it has been our end-of-year tradition to take a look back and highlight what we believe were the most important intelligence-related stories of the past 12 months. In anticipation of what 2019 may bring in this highly unpredictable field, we present you with our selection of the top spy stories of 2018. They are listed below in reverse order of significance."

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"French security services investigate Russian role in yellow vests movement"

Die französischen Sicherheitsbehörden vermuten nach wie vor, dass Russland eine Rolle bei der Entstehung der Gelbwesten-Proteste gespielt haben könnte. "On Friday, The Wall Street Journal said that French security agencies were investigating potential involvement by the Kremlin in the yellow vests campaign. The paper quoted an unnamed French government cybersecurity official as saying that 'there has been some suspect activity [and] we are in the process of looking at its impact'. The official was referring to the online activity of some leading social-media accounts involved with the yellow vests, which appear to also be 'promoting Russian-backed coverage' of French politics. (...) However, there is disagreement among cybersecurity experts about the extent of the Kremlin’s involvement in the yellow vests. (...) The Journal notes that many leading Western cybersecurity bodies, including the Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab, have 'not seen significant evidence of state-sponsored interference' in the yellow vests movement, whether by Russia or any other government. Facebook also said that its monitors have not uncovered any evidence of an organized campaign by Moscow to coax the yellow vests protests."

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"Strasbourg attack raises serious security concerns in Europe"

Der Terroranschlag in Straßburg wirft nach Ansicht von Joseph Fitsanakis erneut die Frage auf, wie sich Europa am besten vor dem "islamistischen Aufstand" schützen sollte. Es sei bemerkenswert, dass sich der Täter offenbar während seiner Haftzeit radikalisiert habe. "This raises important questions about Salafist-Jihadi radicalization networks inside Western European prison systems. The security implications of this realization inevitably widens the security considerations of Europe’s counterterrorism agencies. The latter have so far focused primarily on the danger posed by the return of European Islamic State volunteers from the Middle East. The problem, however, appears to be more complicated. Ultimately, the Strasbourg attack demonstrates that, despite several years of concerted efforts, the ability of European counterterrorism agencies to prevent strikes by Islamist groups on European soil is limited. (...) Should Tuesday’s attack in Strasbourg mark the beginning of a sustained terrorism campaign by the Islamic State, December could prove to be a deadly month in Europe."

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"ISIS evolving into ‘effective clandestine organization’ US Pentagon warns"

Sowohl in Irak als auch in Syrien sei der erneute Aufstieg des "Islamischen Staates" als verdeckt operierende Guerilla-Miliz zu beobachten, so das Fazit eines aktuellen Pentagon-Berichts. "(...) experts warn that, despite its loss of territorial control, the Islamic State maintains an active force of as many as 30,000 armed fighters in Iraq and Syria. Additionally, a recent US government report argues that, having been driven out of nearly all of the territory that it once held, the Islamic State is promptly 'returning to its insurgent roots'. The report, authored by analysts at the US Department of Defense, claims that the militant Sunni group is 're-emerging as a guerrilla force'. In the place of what used to be a de-facto state, an 'effective clandestine ISIS organization appears to be taking hold', it states."

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"Four times more Sunni Islamist militants today than on 9/11, study finds"

Einer neuen Studie des Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) zufolge gibt es heute weltweit viermal mehr sunnitische Extremisten als vor den Anschlägen vom 11. September 2001. "(...) a new study by the bipartisan Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) suggests that the West’s efforts to combat Sunni militancy are failing - and may even be making the problem worse. The report by the Washington-based think-tank states that the number of active Sunni Islamist militants today is as much as '270 percent greater than in 2001, when the 9/11 attacks occurred'. Entitled 'The Evolution of the Salafi-Jihadist Threat', the 71-page report is one of the most extensive ever undertaken on this topic, drawing on information from data sets that date back nearly 40 years. It warns that, despite the rapid loss of territory suffered by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, armed Sunni militancy is 'far from defeated'."

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"ISIS fighters might declare new caliphate in Philippines, experts warn"

Die Zahl der IS-Anhänger in den Philippinen nimmt Ian Allen zufolge weiter zu. Experten erwarten demnach, dass die Terrororganisation das Momentum nutzen könnte, um ein neues Kalifat auszurufen. "British newspaper The Guardian cited 'a high-ranking intelligence officer' who said that between 40 and 100 foreign fighters have joined the Islamic State in the southern Philippines in the past 12 months. Most of them come from neighboring countries, such as Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. But there are also fighters from Pakistan, Bangladesh and several Middle Eastern countries, said the intelligence officer. One of them, a Moroccan militant, carried out a suicide bombing in Lamitan City, located on Basilan Island south of Mindanao, in July of this year, killing 11 other people. There are fears among experts that the Islamic State might declare a new caliphate there soon, as local support for militant Islamism is growing."

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"ISIS using Turkey as strategic base to reorganize, Dutch intelligence report says"

Niederländischen Geheimdienstinformationen zufolge bereiten sich IS-Kämpfer in der Türkei weitgehend unbehelligt auf einen "Untergrund-Krieg" in Europa vor. "This assessment is featured in a report published on Monday by Holland’s General Intelligence and Security Service, known as AIVD. The document, which is available in the Dutch language on the website of the AIVD, is entitled The Legacy of Syria: Global Jihadism Remains a Threat to Europe. The 22-page report argues that the government of Turkey does not see Sunni Islamist groups, such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS) as a pressing national security threat. Instead, Turkish security services are far more concerned with the ethnic Kurdish insurgents of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in Turkey and the People’s Protection Units (YPG) in Syria. Therefore, although Turkish authorities do sometimes take action to combat al-Qaeda and ISIS, 'Turkish interests do not always correspond with European priorities on the field of counter-terrorism', says the report. For that reason, Turkey has been a large transit center of tens of thousands of foreign fighters who poured into Syria to fight for Sunni Islamist groups during the height of the Syrian Civil War. At least 4,000 of those fighters are believed to be Turkish citizens, according to the AIVD report."

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"Britain knew of Saudi plan to target journalist, warned Saudis against it"

Der britische Geheimdienst MI6 war einem Bericht des Sunday Express zufolge offenbar über den saudi-arabischen Plan, den Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi zu ermorden, vorab informiert. "British newspaper The Sunday Express says it has evidence from 'high ranking intelligence sources' that MI6 was in possession of communications intercepts containing conversations about Khashoggi. The conversations were between Saudi government officials and officers of the General Intelligence Directorate (GID), the Kingdom’s primary spy agency. (...) The paper reports that MI6 'became aware' of the arrival of a 15-member Saudi hit squad in Istanbul on October 1, a day before Khashoggi went missing. According to the paper’s source 'it was pretty clear what their aim was', so MI6 contacted the GID directly and warned the Saudi spy agency to 'cancel the mission', said the source. However, the source added, 'this request was ignored'."

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"Islamic State’s online footprint declines drastically, experts say"

Seit dem Kollaps des Kalifats des "Islamischen Staates" in Irak und Syrien ist Experten zufolge auch der internetbasierte Propagandaapparat der Terrormiliz spürbar zusammengebrochen. "The online arm of the Islamic State, which was once one of the organization’s most noticeable trademarks, has declined markedly in 2018, according to expert observers in the United States and elsewhere. This is especially applicable to the militant group’s online propaganda and recruitment campaign, which appears to have effectively ceased, say experts. According to The Washington Times newspaper, most information warfare experts at the United States Department of Defense believe that very little is left of the Islamic State’s once sizeable Web and social-media presence."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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