US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Links vom 11.09.2019

2.1. Deutschland / Europa

Tageszeitung vom 09.09.2019

"Ein ganz bedauerlicher Einzelfall"

https://www.taz.de/!5621063/

Svenja Bergt im Gespräch mit dem Unfallforscher Heiko Johannsen über den derzeit heftig debattierten Berliner Verkehrsunfall mit einem SUV, bei dem vier Menschen getötet wurden. "Der Unfall in Berlin ist ein ganz bedauerlicher Einzelfall. Ich glaube aber nicht, dass der geeignet ist, um darauf basierend Maßnahmen zu ergreifen."

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2.2. USA

The American Conservative vom 10.09.2019

"Bolton Likely Axed Over Taliban Deal, Leaks"

https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/bolton-likely-axed-over-taliban-deal-leaks/

Barbara Boland führt die Entlassung John Boltons darauf zurück, dass der Nationale Sicherheitsberater sich dem US-Präsidenten in Verhandlungen und öffentlichen Äußerungen immer wieder entgegengestellt habe. Zudem habe Bolton mit gezielten Veröffentlichungen vertraulicher Informationen versucht, die öffentliche Debatte in eine von ihm gewünschte Richtung zu lenken. "(...) the writing was on the wall for Bolton for some time, in part because he had a habit of leaking information to the press that would damage negotiations he didn’t agree with. The situation became so bad that Trump’s special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad reportedly refused to allow Bolton to leave the room with a copy of the nascent Afghanistan deal. That decision was followed by a flurry of pro-Bolton leaks and anti-deal coverage in the press. (...) in recent days, it appears Trump became frustrated with Bolton publicly contradicting him and scuttling his negotiations. Bolton opposed Trump’s face-to-face negotiations with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, backed an unsuccessful campaign to remove Venezuela’s President Nicolás Maduro from power, and promoted an aggressive stance towards Iran. The argument over the Camp David Taliban deal might have made their final break inevitable."

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The New Yorker vom 10.09.2019

"How John Bolton Got the Better of President Trump"

https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/how-john-bolton-got-the-better-of-president-trump

In seiner recht positiven Bestandsaufnahme der Amtszeit des entlassenen Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters hält Dexter Filkins es für einen Glücksfall, dass John Bolton sich in drei außenpolitischen Fällen erfolgreich gegen den US-Präsidenten durchsetzen konnte. "Someone has to contain [Trump]. My sense was that Bolton understood this from the start (...) A case in point: Trump favored direct negotiations with Kim Jong Un, North Korea’s erratic chieftain (...). Bolton told his aides to support the President, but he made it clear that he believed the strategy was a bad idea. No deal emerged. Another: Trump seems determined to take all remaining American troops out of Afghanistan, and he appointed a special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, to make a deal with the Taliban. (...) Bolton opposed all of it. And now the deal appears dead. And a third: At Bolton’s urging, Trump withdrew from the deal, forged by the Obama Administration, to restrain Iran’s nuclear-weapons program. But the President was clearly confused about what to do next. Bolton and the others around him wanted to crush the Iranian economy, launch air strikes, and provoke a confrontation. Trump felt uncomfortable with Bolton’s aggressive posture and appeared to long for a chance to do a deal; in 2017, before appointing Bolton, he sent eight invitations, including a dinner request, to the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani. But no deal has happened. (...) on these three crucial issues, Bolton was able to get the better of Trump. Not all of the outcomes were the direct result of his actions, but his views mostly prevailed."

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The National Interest vom 10.09.2019

"Will Bolton’s Ouster Lead to Changes In Trump Foreign Policy?"

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/will-bolton’s-ouster-lead-changes-trump-foreign-policy-79536

Nach Ansicht von Hunter DeRensis und Matthew Petti eröffnet die Entlassung des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton neue Möglichkeiten für diplomatische Durchbrüche in mehreren sicherheitspolitischen Bereichen. "'It probably is a reflection of the fact that Trump wants to pursue diplomacy in a few areas, and that it became too costly for him to have this 'saboteur-in-chief' on staff, essentially having a fox in the henhouse. It signaled insincerity on Trump’s behalf,' said Trita Parsi, executive vice president of the Quincy Institute. 'The collapse of Afghanistan talks have left Trump with few potential diplomatic victories on the horizon: Afghanistan more or less gone, Israel/Palestine clearly gone, North Korea not going anywhere, China not going anywhere,' he told TNI. 'Iran may be the one that he's turning his eye to. And for that, he needs to fire Bolton.' (...) Ken Silverstein, former editor at Harper’s Magazine, says without Bolton the administration’s already stillborn attempt at eliminating the Maduro government in Venezuela becomes even less likely. (...) Perhaps the biggest change in policy may come with Korea. 'Everything is possible now,' said Lt. Col. Daniel L. Davis, senior fellow at Defense Priorities."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 10.09.2019

"Trump Says Ready To Join Normandy Talks On East Ukraine Conflict"

https://www.rferl.org/a/trump-says-ready-to-join-normandy-talks-on-east-ukraine-conflict/30156143.html

US-Präsident Trump hat sich grundsätzlich dazu bereit erklärt, an den Verhandlungen des sogenannten Normandie-Quartetts zur Lösung des Konflikts in der Ostukraine teilzunehmen. "U.S. President Donald Trump has said he isn't averse to joining talks with Germany, France, Ukraine, and Russia aimed at ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Known as the Normandy format, Trump told Voice of America on September 9 in Washington that he'd join the talks if the participants needed him. 'I believe the fact that the exchange of prisoners between Russia and Ukraine took place…is a very big step, and a very positive step. If they need me to join, I would join [the Normandy format],' Trump said. France, Germany, and Ukraine have called for talks to take place by the end of this month. Russia has said it is ready to meet once 'concrete steps' are taken before the meeting. The last round of Normandy talks took place in 2016."

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The Times of Israel vom 11.09.2019

"Trump ready to meet Rouhani without preconditions"

https://www.timesofisrael.com/trump-ready-to-meet-rouhani-without-preconditions/

Enge Berater des US-Präsidenten haben mitgeteilt, dass Donald Trump ohne Vorbedingungen zu einem Treffen mit Irans Präsidenten Rohani bereit wäre. "Even as the removal of national security hardliner John Bolton triggered speculation that Trump might soften his approach to Iran, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo joined Israel in alleging 'possible undeclared nuclear activities' by Tehran, and the US administration imposed new terrorist designations on leaders of some groups linked to the Islamic republic. Amid the fraught political climate, Trump loyalists signaled he is prepared to meet with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani — something that French President Emmanuel Macron had proposed in an effort to salvage a 2015 nuclear accord with Tehran from which Trump withdrew the United States."

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TIME.com vom 10.09.2019

"9/11 Is History Now. Here's How American Kids Are Learning About It in Class"

https://time.com/5672103/9-11-history-curriculum/

18 Jahre nach dem 11. September 2001 berichtet Olivia B. Waxman darüber, was Kinder und Jugendliche in US-Schulen heute über die folgenreichen Terroranschläge lernen. "It’s not surprising that teaching 9/11 as history is a delicate task. In addition to the emotional burden that falls on teachers who remember that day, the subject matter is sensitive and the images and documents that might be used as primary sources are disturbing. The story is also very much still being written, as the effects of 9/11 on American society continue to evolve. There is also no national guideline that states are required to follow in terms of teaching the topic, so lessons will vary depending on the teacher or school district. In New York, for example, schools will observe a moment of silence on Wednesday, after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a law on Monday requiring observation of the anniversary. A 2017 analysis of state high-school social-studies academic standards in the 50 states and the District of Columbia noted that 26 specifically mentioned the 9/11 attacks, nine mentioned terrorism or the war on terror, and 16 didn’t mention 9/11 or terrorism-related examples at all."

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2.3. Israel / Palästina

BBC vom 11.09.2019

"Arab nations condemn Netanyahu's Jordan Valley annexation plan"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49657915

Israels Ministerpräsident Netanjahu hat angekündigt, im Fall seines Wahlsiegs am 17. September große Teile des palästinensischen Westjordanlands zu annektieren. "The BBC's Middle East Correspondent, Tom Bateman, says the prime minister's announcement is likely to help him shore up support on the political right. Blue and White's co-leader, Yair Lapid, hit out at Mr Netanyahu, insisting he 'doesn't want to annex territories, he wants to annex votes'. 'This is an election trick and it's not even a particularly successful trick because the lie is so transparent,' he said. (...) The Arab League said Mr Netanyahu's plan would violate international law and 'torpedo' the foundations of peace. Senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi told AFP news agency Mr Netanyahu was 'not only destroying the two-state solution, he is destroying all chances of peace.'"

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The Times of Israel vom 11.09.2019

"How would Netanyahu go about annexing the settlements? An explainer"

https://www.timesofisrael.com/how-would-netanyahu-go-about-annexing-the-settlements-an-explainer/

Raphael Ahren geht in The Times of Israel technischen und rechtlichen Fragen einer möglichen Annexion des Jordantals nach. "Netanyahu did not specify precisely which steps he intends to take if he wins the election and goes ahead with his promised West Bank sovereignty moves — first in the Jordan Valley and then, with US backing, in the settlements. Will he simply declare one day that Israel hereby applies its sovereignty over this or that area? Will he first hold a vote in the cabinet, or take the issue to the Knesset? Israel enshrined its annexations of both East Jerusalem (in 1980) and the Golan (in 1981) in legislation, but legal scholars said there is no absolute need for a law. Rather, a simple government decision would suffice for the annexation to take effect. 'If Netanyahu really wanted to annex all or part of the West Bank, he could do it in an hour, without any Knesset legislation,' according to Daniel Seidemann, a veteran left-wing analyst of Israeli politics. 'The Law and Regulation Ordinance empowers the Cabinet to apply the law, governance & administration of Israel in any area in what was British Mandate Palestine by means of a Government Order, adopted by a simple majority,' Seidemann tweeted on Tuesday. But during his ostensibly 'dramatic' presentation Tuesday, Netanyahu said that he wants to 'apply sovereignty in the next Knesset' — apparently envisaging seeking majority approval from among all 120 members."

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2.4. Naher und Mittlerer Osten, Maghreb

Al Monitor vom 10.09.2019

"Why does Erdogan want nuclear weapons?"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/09/turkey-why-does-erdogan-want-nuclear-weapons.html

Mit seinen Äußerungen vom 4. September hat der türkische Präsident Erdogan Spekulationen darüber ausgelöst, ob die Türkei tatsächlich plant, den Atomwaffensperrvertrag zu missachten und ein eigenes Atomwaffenprogramm ins Leben zu rufen. Kadri Gursel erläutert die sicherheitspolitischen Erwägungen, die zur überraschenden Drohung Erdogans geführt haben könnten. "As he wrapped up the topic, Erdogan made a crucial remark. 'We are currently working on it,' he assured the audience, suggesting that Turkey is engaged in activities to acquire a nuclear capability. If that is indeed the case, open sources are, of course, unavailable on what those activities entail and how much they have progressed. (...) What is his purpose in declaring his inclination so prematurely, given that Turkey is not even a nuclear-threshold country at this point? The answers might lie in the geopolitical bottleneck in which Turkey currently finds itself. Turkey’s security issues have only grown more complicated with Erdogan’s acquisition of the S-400 air defense systems from Russia (...). Because of the S-400 purchase, Turkey is now deprived of the F-35 warplanes it had paid for in addition to having been expelled from the F-35 co-production program and facing the threat of further US sanctions. Meanwhile, the United States is backing Israel and Greece in their drive to build energy corridors in the eastern Mediterranean, shutting Turkey out, and the risk of confrontation in the region growing. (...) Faced with these predicaments, Erdogan is brandishing his nonexistent 'nuclear card' to warn the forces he views as threatening him that he will move to create more instability and disorder unless they ease the pressure on him."

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2.6. Afghanistan / Pakistan

NBC News vom 10.09.2019

"Trump's Taliban peace talks have collapsed. But many Afghans aren't surprised — or sad."

https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/trump-s-taliban-peace-talks-have-collapsed-many-afghans-aren-ncna10
52001

In Afghanistan sei der Kollaps der Verhandlungen der USA mit den Taliban von vielen mit einer Mischung aus Erleichterung und Furcht aufgenommen worden, berichtet Gayle Tzemach Lemmon vom Council on Foreign Relations. "Relief mixed with fear. That is the reaction of many Afghans I spoke with via social media and WhatsApp about the collapse of U.S. talks with the Taliban. 'People are not surprised' that President Donald Trump’s Camp David meeting with the Taliban collapsed, said Wazhma Frogh, an Afghan civil society activist based in Kabul. 'Time to let Afghans decide about the roadmap to peace in their own country.' (...) No one sees an easy way out of this war, but many of the Afghans I spoke with remained skeptical that entering into talks with the Taliban while they continued to murder Afghans seemed likely to yield results, especially while the Taliban refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of the Afghan government. (...) Afghans who have been tracking the Taliban talks closely say that their nation has a peace process and they want their government to be part of it. Until now they have felt like foreigners at their own peace talks. The one hope they have for this disappointing moment is that a process can be created in which they will have a say in their nation’s fate — right from the start."

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2.8. Mittel- und Lateinamerika

Al Jazeera English vom 10.09.2019

"Colombia FARC: Most former fighters still committed to peace deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/colombia-farc-fighters-committed-peace-deal-190910070103871.html

Alessandro Rampietti weist in dieser Videoreportage nach der Ankündigung eines erneuten bewaffneten Kampfes durch einige Farc-Kommandeure darauf hin, dass die meisten ehemaligen Guerilla-Kämpfer nach wie vor am Friedensabkommen mit der kolumbianischen Regierung festhielten. "FARC fighters who laid down their weapons in Colombia say they remain committed to peace, despite some former commanders urging them to rearm. The commanders accuse the government of betraying the deal, which ended Colombia's civil war three years ago. Al Jazeera's Alessandro Rampietti reports from Icononzo, south of the capital Bogota where conditions are poor for those struggling to reintegrate."

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9. Terrorismus, Fundamentalismus und Extremismus

The Guardian vom 12.09.2019

"Johnson’s ugly rhetoric thrills the far right, but he’s playing with fire"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/12/boris-johnson-pin-up-far-right-thugs-violence

Owen Jones wirft dem britischen Premierminister vor, mit seiner schlimmen Rhetorik die extreme Rechte zu begeistern. Zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte Großbritanniens gebe es einen Premierminister, den Rechtsextremisten als ihren Anführer betrachteten. "This development should be an alarming warning for Johnson and Cummings. When you assail opponents for backing a 'surrender bill' or denounce them as 'collaborators', as Johnson has done; when you paint a picture, in primary colours, of 'parliament versus the people' – as though a den of traitors is at war with the populace – are you really oblivious to the consequences? Does the sight of tanked-up thugs chanting your name in central London not give you pause for thought? A far-right street movement is real, serious and determined, and our rulers cannot dismiss it as irrelevant. Already, individuals with public platforms who hold unapologetic progressive opinions know that to express them is to put themselves and their loved ones at risk. The danger is that recent events foreshadow something much uglier. In the last election, Labour members were demonised as terrorist supporters and Britain-haters – tropes embraced by the far right. This time, the boots on the street are stronger, the political context more vicious and defined by increasingly irreconcilable divisions. In such a setting, what will an even uglier campaign waged by the Tories and their media outriders mean? Even before Jeremy Corbyn’s team was surrounded by far-right activists – yelling 'traitor' and 'We love you, Boris, we do' – in Salford last week, members of his operation fretted about the rising security threat."

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Deutschlandfunk vom 11.09.2019

"Die Kette der Angriffe reißt nicht ab"

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/antisemitismus-die-kette-der-angriffe-reisst-nicht-ab.1769.de.html?dram:ar
ticle_id=458547

Sebastian Engelbrecht beschäftigt sich mit der Zunahme antisemitisch motivierter Gewalt in Deutschland, von der Berlin besonders stark betroffen sei: "Rabbiner Abraham Cooper, stellvertretender Vorsitzender des Simon Wiesenthal Center, fragt nach den Gründen. 'Warum passiert das, warum? Am Dienstag habe ich den Bürgermeister von Berlin getroffen, und in der Nacht wird – in der, wie ich finde, kosmopolitischsten Stadt in Europa, hier werden 30, 50 Sprachen auf den Straßen gesprochen – wird jemand, der Hebräisch spricht, zusammengeschlagen. Es gab einen antisemitischen Vorfall während des Besuchs.' Cooper dankt dem Regierenden Bürgermeister Müller für seine Bereitschaft zum Gespräch. Zugleich glaubt er, dass sich deutsche Politiker deutlicher von der politischen Führung des Iran distanzieren sollten. Cooper und das Simon Wiesenthal Center sind der Ansicht, dass eine dialogische Position gegenüber dem Iran eine Ermutigung für Antisemiten in der Stadt ist, ihren Judenhass zu zeigen."

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Spiegel Online vom 11.09.2019

"Mit zwölf Schritten in die Verschwörungsgalaxie"

https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/web/9-11-in-zwoelf-phasen-in-die-verschwoerungsgalaxie-a-1286272.html

Vor 18 Jahren fanden die islamistischen Terrorangriffe auf das World Trade Center statt. Sascha Lobo sieht in 9/11 die "Einstiegsdroge" für viele Verschwörungstheoretiker und beschreibt zwölf Phasen der Entwicklung. "Heute wird 9/11 volljährig. Diesen Mittwoch vor 18 Jahren entführten islamistische Massenmörder vier Flugzeuge, lenkten zwei in die Zwillingstürme des New Yorker World Trade Centers und eines in das Pentagon in Washington. Ein viertes Flugzeug stürzte in Pennsylvania auf ein Feld. Es ist ein in mehrfacher Hinsicht trauriges Datum. Zu allererst natürlich bezogen auf die über 3000 Opfer des Terroranschlags. Dann gab es noch die Reaktion vom damals noch schlechtesten US-Präsidenten überhaupt, George W. Bush - von der Überwachungsradikalisierung über einen Krieg mit gefälschten Begründungen bis hin zu Guantanamo. 9/11 ist in der Ära der sozialen Medien aber auch die wichtigste Einstiegsdroge für Verschwörungstheoretiker. Verschwörungstheorien können Menschen radikalisieren, weil sie Weltbilder erzeugen, in denen Gefahr droht von einer geheimen, kleinen, supermächtigen Gruppe, gegen die man sich wehren muss. Vielleicht sogar mit allen Mitteln. Deshalb können alle Verschwörungstheorien auch antisemitisch gewendet werden, stets schwingt die kleine Gruppe der bösen Manipulatoren in der Erzählung mit. Antisemitismusforscher Samuel Salzborn sieht mit 9/11 eine epochale Veränderung des Judenhasses, wie in seinem neuen Buch deutlich wird. 9/11 ist der vergiftete Brunnen des 21. Jahrhunderts."

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Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom 09.09.2019

"Das Grauen wurde Normalität"

https://www.faz.net/aktuell/gesellschaft/wenn-die-tochter-zum-is-geht-gespraech-mit-einem-vater-16373092.
html

Paula Lochte im Gespräch mit dem Vater Leonara Messings, die sich mit 15 Jahren dem Islamischen Staat angeschlossen hat. "Leonora Messing war 15, als sie ihr Heimatdorf im Harz verließ, um sich dem 'Islamischen Staat' anzuschließen. Ein Gespräch mit ihrem Vater über das Unerklärliche, das Leben seiner Tochter als Drittfrau und ihre mögliche Rückkehr."

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