kulturelle Bildung

20.5.2011 | Von:
Seo Min-Jung

Länderbeispiel Südkorea: Kulturelle Bildung auf vielen Ebenen stärken

Community Arts and Culture Education

Community arts and culture education is provided to all people, regardless of age, region and social class. Programs are mostly targeted for residents and citizens in culturally-deprived areas nationwide, such as welfare centers for neglected children and youth, welfare centers for seniors and disabled citizens in urban, fishing and rural areas, military correctional facilities and juvenile detention centers. Depending on the characteristics of such institutions, arts educators who are specialized in music, gukak, art, theater, dancing and film are dispatched or input is sought from non government institutions that have its own arts and culture education programs. In addition, according to the partnership agreement between the Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism and the Ministry of Health & Welfare to facilitate arts and culture education, education is provided after school at existing youth facilities. Also, orchestra programs, which are mostly operated by regional arts and culture educational institutions, are to be provided starting this year for children and youth from low-income households.

Through the community arts and culture education program, senior citizens who have lived their whole life on a remote island learned to write poetry and were given the opportunity to read their poems at a poetry reading held in. Also, based on cooperation among youth centers, arts educators and regional artists, tens of juveniles were able to perform dramas on stage and earned loud applause from the audience. An inmate who learned to write poetry in prison became a poet after serving his sentence.

Besides KACES, most cultural institutions (theaters, museums) are running their own arts education program. 16 main cities and provinces in Korea have their own big and small cultural centers, private citizens' initiatives engaging in Arts Education. Besides running their own program, many of these institutions also run projects of KACES in their region. They work separately, but also in an association - The Korean Cultural & Arts Centers Association, which has more than 140 member of cultural centers. Bucheon City, as an example, designated itself as specialized zone of arts education. They have their own arts educators, orchestra and chorus, etc.

Professional Training / R&D

Arts educators who are dispatched to provide the school arts & culture education or community arts & culture education are selected among those with a university degree in arts and field experience and receive high-level training each year. Annual group training is mostly carried out by field and level during summer and winter vacation periods. KACES provides training in liaison with outsourced professional educational institutions, such as university of education, and continuously seeks their advice to enhance the qualitative aspects of education programs. Other than arts educators, KACES also provides arts and culture education and training for business and school managers, officials of the Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Defense and regional cultural administrators to enhance their understanding of arts and culture. Furthermore, in line with the gradual change into a multi-cultural society, multi-cultural education experts are being trained and assigned to schools. KACES also concentrates in research and development regarding arts and culture education. Various studies, researches and assessments are conducted on arts and culture education (e.g. the study on development of creativity and cultural competence index, study on effectiveness of arts and culture education, assessment of arts education projects), which is largely contributing to enhancing the effectiveness of arts & culture education in Korea. It also holds seminars on a regular basis to gather expert opinions on issues surrounding arts and culture education.

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