US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

2.1. Deutschland / Europa

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Politico vom 19.02.2020

"Radio Free Europe returns to fight fake news"

https://www.politico.eu/article/radio-free-europe-returns-to-fight-fake-news/

Die Rundfunkanstalt "Radio Free Europe" will künftig auch in Ungarn aktiv werden, um dort im Auftrag der US-Regierung "Fake News" zu bekämpfen. "Watchdog groups and journalists over the past few years have raised concerns about the media environment in Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, while American officials say they are worried about the spread of Russian disinformation in the region. Last year, U.S.-based think tank Freedom House ranked Hungary as 'partly free' for the first time since the fall of communism. Founded in 1950, Radio Free Europe currently operates in 26 languages. With a budget of $124 million in 2019, it reaches an estimated 37.6 million people per week. While its new iteration in the three EU countries is digital-only and relies on small teams, Radio Free Europe's Cold War legacy means it is still a well-known brand across the region."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 18.02.2020

"60 Days And Counting? Republika Srpska Threatens Secession From Bosnia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/days-and-counting-republika-srpska-threatens-secession-from-bosnia/30441207.html

Die Serben der Republika Srpska in Bosnien-Herzegowina haben mit der Sezession gedroht, um eine Reform des Verfassungsgerichts durchzusetzen. "Lawmakers in Republika Srpska (RS), Bosnia's Serb entity, have given a 60-day deadline for the reform of Bosnia's Constitutional Court, threatening secession following the court's rejection of a move by Bosnian Serbs to claim federal agricultural land. During an extraordinary session on February 17, Bosnian Serb lawmakers voted 72-2 to suspend the work of all RS representatives in Bosnia's institutions until the federal parliament terminates the mandates of the three international members of the Constitutional Court. (…) In reaction to the move, Valentin Inzko, the European Union's high representative for Bosnia-Herzegovina, warned on February 17 that 'secession would cross the red line.' Bosnia remains deeply divided along ethnic lines."

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Financial Times vom 18.02.2020

"Emmanuel Macron launches campaign against political Islam"

https://www.ft.com/content/88c1e898-5269-11ea-90ad-25e377c0ee1f

Präsident Macron will der Ausbreitung des politischen Islams und "separatistischer" muslimischer Gemeinden in Frankreich mit einer neuen Kampagne entgegentreten. "In some of his most explicit comments on Islam and France, Mr Macron said it was 'unacceptable' for anyone to disobey the laws of the French republic in the name of a religion or a foreign power. 'The republic must keep its promises, we must fight against discrimination, we must put meritocracy everywhere,' he said. 'But on the other side we must fight against separatism, because when the republic does not keep its promises, others try to replace it.' Mr Macron announced measures to tighten controls on foreign financing of mosques, to end the nomination by Algeria, Morocco and Turkey of 300 imams a year for France, and withdraw from this year permission for foreign governments to control language courses for 80,000 pupils learning Arabic, Turkish and other languages from their countries of origin — a system he called 'an important vector of separatism' given that many of the teachers did not speak French or care about French culture."

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The Moscow Times vom 18.02.2020

"4 in 5 Russians View West as a Friend – Poll"

https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2020/02/18/4-in-5-russians-view-west-as-a-friend-poll-a69322

Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge sprechen sich 80% aller Russen für bessere Beziehungen ihres Landes zum Westen aus. Nur drei Prozent halten den Westen demnach für einen Feind Russlands. "Levada sociologist Karina Pipia told Kommersant that the latest results point toward Russians’ 'mass fatigue of foreign policy confrontation and an unwillingness to fight with anyone.' Russia’s relations with the West plummeted to Cold War-era lows after Moscow annexed the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine and conflict broke out between Russian-backed rebels and Ukrainian government forces in 2014. The Levada poll also showed an uptick in the share of Russian respondents who view China negatively since November 2019, from 18% to 24%. The share of Russians who view China positively declined from 72% to 65% in what sociologists linked to coronavirus fears."

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Bloomberg vom 18.02.2020

"The EU Can’t Widen and Deepen at the Same Time"

https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-02-18/enlargement-shows-the-eu-can-t-widen-and-deepen-at-
the-same-time?srnd=opinion

Andreas Kluth hält eine weitere Vertiefung der EU-Integration angesichts der geplanten Beitrittsverhandlungen mit Nordmazedonien und Albanien für schwierig. Frankreich habe dies erkannt und Vorbehalte gegen eine EU-Erweiterung nach bisherigem Muster angemeldet. "Each previous round of enlargement thus introduced new fractures into the EU, some between north and south, others between east and west. Macron is hardly alone in observing that European integration stalled long ago, and that 'widening' had something to do with that. In foreign and defense policy, any member state can veto any decision, thus assuring European irrelevance and impotence on the world stage. Bigger ideas like a European army are nothing more than pipe dreams. In the euro area, neither banking nor fiscal union has been completed, thus leaving the currency union prone to another crisis. (…) On balance, it’s still better to open talks with Tirana and Skopje than to reject them. But the EU must simultaneously confront the bigger dilemma of stalled integration. For that, it has to broach a taboo and talk about a multi-speed Europe."

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The Lancet vom 17.02.2020

"End torture and medical neglect of Julian Assange"

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30383-4/fulltext?rss=yes

Mehr als 60 Mediziner und zahlreiche weitere Unterzeichner eines offenen Briefes haben in der renommierten medizinischen Fachzeitschrift The Lancet die "Beendigung der Folter" des WikiLeaks-Gründers Julian Assange im britischen Hochsicherheitsgefängnis Belmarsh gefordert. "We condemn the torture of Assange. We condemn the denial of his fundamental right to appropriate health care. We condemn the climate of fear surrounding the provision of health care to him. We condemn the violations of his right to doctor–patient confidentiality. Politics cannot be allowed to interfere with the right to health and the practice of medicine. In the experience of the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, the scale of state interference is without precedent: 'In 20 years of work with victims of war, violence and political persecution I have never seen a group of democratic states ganging up to deliberately isolate, demonise and abuse a single individual for such a long time and with so little regard for human dignity and the rule of law.'"

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Deutschlandfunk Kultur vom 17.02.2020

"Warum die Polizei sich so schwertut"

https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/organisierte-kriminalitaet-warum-die-polizei-sich-so.976.de.html?dra
m:article_id=470484

Kriminelle Clans hätten nur einen vergleichsweise kleinen Anteil an der Organisierten Kriminalität, konstatiert Peter Podjavorsek auf Deutschlandfunk Kultur. "Laut Lagebild des Bundeskriminalamtes machten sie 2018 rund 8,5 Prozent aller Verfahren aus. Und das bei hohem Verfolgungsdruck."

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The American Conservative vom 17.02.2020

"Without Britain, The European Union Lurches Towards Its Own Army"

https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/without-britain-the-european-union-lurches-towards-its-o
wn-army/

Bill Wirtz erwartet, dass die EU unter der Führung Frankreichs ihre Bemühungen zur Schaffung einer Europaarmee nach dem Brexit verstärken wird. Großbritannien habe sich einer derartigen sicherheitspolitischen und militärischen Integration immer entgegengestellt. Wirtz vermutet allerdings auch, dass Frankreich mit der Initiative ganz eigene Ziele verfolgt. "Macron’s push for EU military capabilities leaves only one logical explanation: France cannot afford those increased capabilities itself, because budgetary constraints are looming and the Yellow Vest protesters are not having any new tax increases. That means Macron needs to outsource these needs to other countries through the EU. Adding to that, Paris has already had bad experiences when it wages war by itself. (…) With a European army under its control, it would be able to entangle all 27 EU member states in its geopolitical interests in Africa, stripping them of much of their control over whether to intervene or not. Meanwhile, if there’s anyone in Europe so naive as to believe that the European Parliament would exercise control over the executive, they should take a closer look at how the United States has waged constant war since the end of World War II, often without the consent of Congress. How do you say 'checks and balances' in French anyway?"

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Augen Geradeaus! vom 17.02.2020

"Rückblick auf Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz 2020: Westlos, hilflos?"

https://augengeradeaus.net/2020/02/rueckblick-auf-muenchner-sicherheitskonferenz-2020-westlos-hilflos/

Thomas Wiegold gibt seine Eindrücke von der Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz wieder und konstatiert: "So tief greifend kontrovers, sowohl weltweit als auch unter Verbündeten, habe ich das Münchner Treffen in meinen bislang 20 Jahren dort noch nicht empfunden. Westlessness, Westlosigkeit war das Motto, und mein Eindruck war eher: Hilflosigkeit."

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IntelNews vom 17.02.2020

"Swiss neutrality 'shattered' as leading cryptologic firm revealed to be CIA front"

https://intelnews.org/2020/02/17/01-2721/

Die Enthüllung, dass CIA und BND mit Hilfe des Schweizer Unternehmens Crypto AG jahrelang andere Staaten ausspioniert haben, habe in der Schweiz Schockwellen ausgelöst, schreibt Joseph Fitsanakis. "Switzerland is reeling from the shock caused by revelations last week that Crypto AG, the world’s leading manufacturer or cryptologic equipment during the Cold War, whose clients included over 120 governments around the world, was a front company owned by the United States Central Intelligence Agency. (…) Some news outlets have opined that the traditional Swiss concept of political neutrality has been 'shattered'. Meanwhile, a Swiss federal judge has opened an investigation into the revelations, as the Swiss parliament is preparing to launch an official inquiry. Switzerland’s Prime Minister, Simonetta Sommaruga, said on Sunday that the government would discuss the issue 'when we have the facts'."

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War on the Rocks vom 16.02.2020

"Germany's 5G Debate Ought Not Be a Referendum on Donald Trump"

https://warontherocks.com/2020/02/germanys-5g-debate-ought-not-be-a-referendum-on-donald-trump/

Julianne Smith vom Center for a New American Security empfiehlt Deutschland, die Debatte über eine Beteiligung des chinesischen Unternehmens Huawei am Ausbau der 5G-Netze nicht im Kontext der schwierigen Beziehungen zu Donald Trump zu betreiben. "At its core, this is a debate about German values and German security as Chancellor Merkel decides whether she wants to continue relying on a Chinese telecom company that China could use for espionage or coercive purposes. The great irony here is that while the Trump administration clearly has strong views on the matter, the United States isn’t promoting an alternative vendor. It doesn’t have one. (…) it is critical that Berlin tune out the noise, hear from other voices, and focus on the fundamentals. Given that the European project sits at the heart of German foreign and economic policy, the European Union’s position on this issue should count for a lot. (…) Berlin may want to hear more from democratic allies who have either recently taken their own decision on 5G or are currently grappling with the issue. (…) Finally, when Germans see the Huawei posters claiming that '5G is about values,' I hope they nod in agreement, but not in the way Chinese state-aligned tech executives mean. (…) Ultimately, Berlin must make a 5G decision that respects and protects the values it holds dear."

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The American Conservative vom 15.02.2020

"Why Germany Should Invite Its Nationalists Into Government"

https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/why-germany-should-invite-its-nationalists-into-governme
nt/

Doug Bandow vom Cato Institute empfiehlt Deutschland, sich beim Umgang mit der AfD ein Beispiel an anderen Ländern zu nehmen und die Partei in den politischen Prozess zu integrieren. Eine bloße Unterdrückung nationalistischer Parteien lasse diese nur extremistischer werden. "Integration is not a pipe dream. Europe has substantial recent experience with unsettling nationalist parties. In several countries, outlying parties have been invited into governments and most have found the experience to be chastening. Some have suffered political losses after confronting the inevitable challenges of governing. (…) Thuringia’s travails demonstrate that politics is a messy business. But attempting to cleanse it by excluding unsettling opinions, like those advanced by the AfD, is ultimately self-defeating. Voters do not give up having unsettling opinions. Instead, they find unsettling people to advance those beliefs. It is better to have discontented sentiments represented in the political system. That has been the lesson of countries as different as Austria, Finland, and Italy. To maintain social peace, Germany should absorb rather than suppress the AfD."

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European Council on Foreign Relations vom 13.02.2020

"The slow death of ambition: German foreign policy after Kramp-Karrenbauer's resignation"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_slow_death_of_ambition_german_foreign_policy_after_akks_resi

Jana Puglierin bedauert den angekündigten politischen Rückzug von Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, da diese den "schwerfälligen" Status Quo der deutschen Außenpolitik zumindest ansatzweise in Frage gestellt habe. "AKK’s resignation will make things even worse. The leadership dispute in the CDU – which is, in reality, a fundamental disagreement about the party’s political direction – will take up even more energy than before. The grand coalition will continue to be a kind of caretaker government in its lack of vision and big ambitions. (…) Moreover, AKK is one of the few political figures who dares to position herself outside the ponderous foreign policy status quo. Even if her proposals were not always convincing or well timed (…) she at least dared to tackle issues that others had left in a vacuum."

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The Economist vom 13.02.2020

"Irish unification is becoming likelier"

https://www.economist.com/leaders/2020/02/13/irish-unification-is-becoming-likelier

Der Ausgang der irischen Parlamentswahlen lässt auch den britischen Economist zu dem Schluss kommen, dass eine Wiedervereinigung der Insel nicht mehr ausgeschlossen sei. "Until today (…) unification has never been more than a Republican fantasy. (…) The pressure for unification is about more than Brexit. Northern Ireland’s census in 2021 is likely to confirm that Catholics outnumber Protestants for the first time. The republic has also become more welcoming. The influence of the Catholic church has faded dramatically and society has become more liberal. Over the past three decades restrictions on contraception have been lifted and gay marriage has been legalised. All this explains why support for unification in Northern Ireland appears to have risen in recent years. In some polls respondents show roughly equal support for it and the status quo. (…) The EU has already said that Northern Ireland could rejoin the bloc under Ireland’s membership after such a vote, meaning that for Northern Irish voters a referendum on Irish unity is also a second referendum on Brexit. Unlike an independent Scotland, which would have to go it alone (at least until the EU agreed to admit it), Northern Ireland would immediately rejoin a larger, richer club, from which it could win big subsidies — if not, perhaps, as big as the subsidy it gets from Westminster today."

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Süddeutsche Zeitung vom 13.02.2020

"Was auf die Münchner bei der Sicherheitskonferenz zukommt"

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/sicherheitskonferenz-2020-muenchen-ueberblick-1.4794718

Martin Bernstein und Katharina Federl geben in der Süddeutschen Zeitung einen Überblick, was mit der diesjährigen Sicherheitskonferenz auf die Stadt München zukommen könnte. "Das Bündnis gegen das bayerische Polizeiaufgabengesetz, die Flüchtlingshelfer von Seebrücke München, die Klimaschützer von Ende Gelände: Sie alle wollen gegen die Sicherheitskonferenz demonstrieren. Allerdings bei einer erstmals organisierten Kundgebung linker, antifaschistischer und antirassistischer Gruppen am Freitag (ab 18.30 Uhr) und nicht bei der längst schon traditionellen symbolischen 'Umzingelung' des von knapp 4000 Polizisten geschützten Tagungshotels am Samstag (13 Uhr). Ein wenig 'aus der Zeit gefallen' kommt dem neuen Bündnis der herkömmliche Protest vor. Die 56. Sicherheitskonferenz, sie wird also in der Stadt noch deutlicher zu spüren sein als ihre Vorgängerinnen in den vergangenen Jahren. Zumal auch das von Ex-Botschafter Wolfgang Ischinger geleitete Treffen der Politiker, Militärs und Rüstungslobbyisten sich immer mehr ausbreitet."

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