US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

2.2. USA

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Süddeutsche Zeitung vom 19.11.2019

"Trumps Zickzackkurs"

Hubert Wetzel konstatiert ein Hin-und-Her des US-Präsidenten in seiner aktuellen Iran-Strategie. "Im Umgang mit Iran legt US-Präsident Trump einen Zickzackkurs hin. Einerseits droht er mit militärischer Vergeltung, andererseits setzt er auf Wirtschaftssanktionen und lässt die Tür für Verhandlungen offen. Welche Sicht sich am Ende durchsetzt, hängt auch davon ab, welche Berater am meisten Gehör finden werden."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 22.09.2019

"Amid Trump-Biden Tug-Of-War, Anxious Ukraine Ponders How To Proceed"

Im Streit der USA über das Telefongespräch Präsident Trumps mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Zelenskiy sehe sich die Ukraine zwischen den Fronten, schreibt Christopher Miller. "Trump has denied he did anything inappropriate in the phone call, which he described as 'perfectly fine and routine.' 'Nothing was said that was in any way wrong,' Trump tweeted on September 21. What Zelenskiy chooses to do about it may have serious implications. Ukraine depends heavily on U.S. support that has helped to prop up its economy, implement anti-corruption reforms, and fight a war against Russia-backed separatists in the eastern Donbas region that has killed more than 13,000 people since 2014. The Ukrainian leader could investigate Hunter Biden. But doing that means risking being seen by Democrats as helping Republicans to meddle in the 2020 U.S. election, analysts say. On the other hand, experts say that opting to not open a probe may anger Trump, who has spoken openly about a rapprochement with Russia and been lukewarm on Ukraine for years, even reportedly saying of Ukrainians, 'They're all corrupt and they tried to take me down,' a reference to unproven accusations from the Trump camp that Kyiv tried to undermine his candidacy in 2016."

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Politico vom 21.09.2019

"Why Trump’s Ukraine scandal could backfire on Biden"

Trump-Gegner in den USA wollen die Enthüllungen über ein Telefongespräch zwischen dem US-Präsidenten und dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Zelenskiy nutzen, um eine Amtsenthebung Trumps voranzutreiben. Die Wahlkampfchancen des vom Skandal ebenfalls betroffenen demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden könnten allerdings darunter leiden, schreibt Politico. "Despite the outrage that greeted reports of the president’s actions, Biden’s immediate response was no simple matter. His son Hunter Biden’s lucrative contracts with Ukraine — at the same time the vice president was in charge of U.S. policy toward the country raised — raised the prospect of fueling a narrative with downside political risk for Biden. 'This puts him on the ropes over having to talk about this,' said Patrick Murray, a pollster with Monmouth University. 'He certainly doesn’t want to talk about this, his family.' (...) For months, Biden has sidestepped questions about his son’s business dealings, which were criticized when they were reported in 2015 by both The New York Times as well as Russia’s state-run Izvestia news service. The controversy can be traced back to March 2014, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula in Eastern Ukraine, setting off an international crisis. As the administration’s point-man on Ukraine, Biden led the U.S. response."

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National Review vom 21.09.2019

"Breaking Down the Whistleblower Frenzy"

Auch Andrew C. McCarthy hält eine parlamentarische Untersuchung der Behauptungen des Geheimdienstmitarbeiters über das Telefongespräch zwischen Donald Trump und dem ukrainischen Staatschef Wolodymyr Selenskyj für angebracht. Er empfiehlt allerdings, politische Grundlagen bei der Beurteilung des Vorfalls nicht außer Acht zu lassen. "The Democrats’ media narrative of impeachment portrays President Trump and his administration as serial law-breakers who, true to form, obstruct all congressional investigations of wrongdoing. This then becomes the analytical framework for every new controversy. There are at least two fundamental problems with this. First, our constitutional system is based on friction between competing branches vested with separate but closely related powers. The Framers understood that the two political branches would periodically try to usurp each other’s authorities. Congress often does this by enactments that seek to subject executive power to congressional (or judicial) supervision. Presidential pushback on such laws is not criminal obstruction; it is the Constitution in action. Second, we’ve become so law-obsessed that we miss the forest for the trees. Often, the least important aspect of a controversy — viz., whether a law has been violated — becomes the dominant consideration. Short shrift is given to the more consequential aspects, such as whether we are being competently governed or whether power is being abused. (...) The president has the power to conduct foreign policy as he sees fit. The Congress has the power to subject that exercise to thorough examination. The clash of these powers is a constant in our form of government. It is politics. For once, let’s find out what happened before we leap to DEFCON 1."

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The Atlantic vom 21.09.2019

"If This Isn’t Impeachable, Nothing Is"

In den USA hat die Aussage eines Geheimdienstmitarbeiters über ein Telefonat des US-Präsidenten mit seinem ukrainischen Amtskollegen eine neue Debatte über eine mögliche Amtsenthebung Donald Trumps ausgelöst. Trump soll Wolodymyr Selenskyj gedrängt haben, die Aktivitäten des Sohnes des demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden in der Ukraine zu untersuchen. Für Tom Nichols ist der Fall klar: "Until now, there was room for reasonable disagreement over impeachment as both a matter of politics and a matter of tactics. The Mueller report revealed despicably unpatriotic behavior by Trump and his minions, but it did not trigger a political judgment with a majority of Americans that it warranted impeachment. The Democrats, for their part, remained unwilling to risk their new majority in Congress on a move destined to fail in a Republican-controlled Senate. Now, however, we face an entirely new situation. In a call to the new president of Ukraine, Trump reportedly attempted to pressure the leader of a sovereign state into conducting an investigation — a witch hunt, one might call it — of a U.S. citizen, former Vice President Joe Biden, and his son Hunter Biden. (...) If this in itself is not impeachable, then the concept has no meaning. Trump’s grubby commandeering of the presidency’s fearsome and nearly uncheckable powers in foreign policy for his own ends is a gross abuse of power and an affront both to our constitutional order and to the integrity of our elections."

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Spiegel Online vom 19.09.2019

"Der nächste Hardliner - rät er Trump zum Angriff auf Iran?"

Roland Nelles kommentiert die Berufung Robert O'Briens zum neuen Sicherheitsberater des US-Präsidenten. "Inhaltlich steht O'Brien für eine Sicht auf die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, die der harten Linie seines Vorgängers Bolton gar nicht so unähnlich ist. Er setzt auf amerikanische Stärke, politisch, wirtschaftlich und militärisch. Er sieht die USA als führende Weltmacht, die gegen das Böse in der Welt kämpft. Dabei will er traditionelle Allianzen pflegen und Rivalen wie Russland und China zurückdrängen."

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Politico vom 18.09.2019

"Trump's new national security adviser is the anti-Bolton in style only"

Auch Politico stellt fest, dass sich der neue Sicherheitsberater des US-Präsidenten von seinem Vorgänger vor allem im Auftreten unterscheide. "People who have worked with and are close to O’Brien describe him as similarly aggressive as his predecessor on issues like Iran, but more of a congenial colleague than Bolton, who was known as a sharp bureaucratic infighter. And unlike Bolton, O’Brien, a career lawyer before working in government, is not a big name in the intelligence and national security world, indicating he will likely bring a much lower profile to the job. 'He worked for John Bolton at the United Nations and might be as hawkish,' said Andrew Exum, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Middle East policy from 2015-2016 who knows O’Brien and has traveled with him. 'But he’s certainly not as pugilistic.'"

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The American Conservative vom 18.09.2019

"Trump Makes Another Bad Choice for National Security Advisor"

US-Präsident Trump hat mit Robert O’Brien einen Nachfolger für den entlassenen Sicherheitsberater John Bolton ernannt. Daniel Larison zufolge handelt es sich bei ihm um einen typischen republikanischen Falken: "O’Brien previously served in the Bush administration’s State Department. Hugh Hewitt, who wrote the foreword to O’Brien’s book, has described him as a 'long time colleague of John Bolton.' Since the Bush years, O’Brien advised the Romney 2012 campaign, and he also advised the short-lived Scott Walker campaign in the 2016 cycle. He is a typical hawkish Republican. Curt Mills referred to him in his recent report on the race to replace Bolton this way: 'Robert O’Brien, the Trump hostage negotiator whose stock has risen in the administration in recent months, is 'Bolton lite,' according to a source who has known O’Brien for years."'

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NBC News vom 17.09.2019

"Justice Department sues Edward Snowden over publication of new memoir"

Veröffentlichung seiner Memoiren hat Edward Snowden eine neue Klage des US-Justizministeriums eingebracht. Snowden wird vorgeworfen, als ehemaliger CIA- und NSA-Mitarbeiter gegen Vertraulichkeitsvereinbarungen verstoßen zu haben. "'The lawsuit alleges that Snowden published his book without submitting it to the agencies for pre-publication review, in violation of his express obligations under the agreements he signed,' the Justice Department said in a news release Tuesday. The Justice Department said it is not seeking to stop the release of the book, which is titled 'Permanent Record' and was published by Metropolitan Books, an imprint of Macmillan Publishers. Instead, the department said it would seek to recover any proceeds Snowden earns from the book, which was published Tuesday."

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Politico vom 12.09.2019

"Israel accused of planting mysterious spy devices near the White House"

Hat der israelische Geheimdienst die US-Regierung ausspioniert? Daniel Lippman berichtet, dass die Entdeckung von mutmaßlich israelischen Abhörgeräten in Washington vom Weißen Haus heruntergespielt worden sei. "The U.S. government concluded within the past two years that Israel was most likely behind the placement of cellphone surveillance devices that were found near the White House and other sensitive locations around Washington, according to three former senior U.S. officials with knowledge of the matter. But unlike most other occasions when flagrant incidents of foreign spying have been discovered on American soil, the Trump administration did not rebuke the Israeli government, and there were no consequences for Israel’s behavior, one of the former officials said. (...) The devices were likely intended to spy on President Donald Trump, one of the former officials said, as well as his top aides and closest associates — though it’s not clear whether the Israeli efforts were successful."

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The American Conservative vom 12.09.2019

"After Bolton, Trump’s Second Term Depends on America First"

Ll" W. James Antle III vom konservativen Washington Examiner hofft, dass US-Präsident Trump nach der Entlassung seines Sicherheitsberaters seine außenpolitischen Wahlkampfversprechen endlich umsetzen wird. Es sei immer bedenklich gewesen, dass Trump sich mit früheren Mitgliedern der außenpolitischen "B-Teams" von George W. Bush und John McCain umgeben habe. "So far there has been a disconnect between Trump’s rhetoric and the Trump record. He has allowed underlings to essentially override him on Afghanistan and Syria. He scrapped the Iran nuclear deal without a viable alternative and vetoed a bipartisan resolution rebuking U.S. participation in the unconscionable Saudi war on Yemen. He has escalated many of the ongoing presidential wars that lack constitutionally required congressional authorization. At the same time, Trump has periodically called for bringing the troops home, only to face internal opposition bordering on insubordination. (...) What has listening to his vanquished Republican rivals gotten Trump? No border wall, no broader immigration reform, no infrastructure bill, no Obamacare repeal or replacement, no credit for cutting taxes. They collaborated successfully on judges and jobs, which should be enough to turn out the conservative base, but Trump has less to sell to the working-class swing voters who changed Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan from blue to red. Those Americans are tired of seeing their children sent to die in nation-building exercises overseas as their own communities crumble around them at home."

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Spiegel Online vom 12.09.2019

"Zehntausende Männer im US-Militär sollen Opfer sexueller Übergriffe geworden sein"

Der Missbrauch von Frauen in der US-Armee ist schon länger bekannt. Die New York Times berichtet jetzt von einer hohen Anzahl missbrauchter jüngerer Männer mit niedrigem Dienstgrad. "Mehr als die Hälfte der Übergriffe ging nach Angaben des Verteidigungsministeriums von Männern aus. 30 Prozent der betroffenen Männer gaben an, die Täter seien weiblich gewesen, in 13 Prozent der Fälle handelte es sich um männliche und weibliche Täter. Die weiblichen Opfer gaben vor allem Männer als Täter an."

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The Intercept vom 11.09.2019

"Harrowing Cables Detail How the CIA Tortured Accused 9/11 Mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Jeopardizing the Case Against Him"

Neu veröffentlichte CIA-Berichte vermitteln ein Daniel DeFraia zufolge "erschütterndes" Bild über die systematische Folterung des mutmaßlichen Chefplaners der 9/11-Anschläge, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, in einem polnischen Geheimgefängnis im Jahr 2003. "The CIA interrogation program has been well documented. But recently declassified cables, published here for the first time, reveal in new detail interrogators’ attempts to transform detainees into collaborators in the war against Al Qaeda. The cables chronicle the banal and brutal moments of Mohammed’s so-called enhanced interrogation over a period of almost four weeks in 2003. They display in cold bureaucratic prose the thinking behind torture tactics, including waterboarding, 'walling,' and sleep deprivation. And they exhibit a committed belief that enhanced measures always move detainees closer to an imagined breaking point that, once met, force them to produce more accurate information — a belief that the 2014 Senate torture report showed to have been wrong."

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Johnson's Russia List vom 11.09.2019

"Bolton’s resignation increases chances of timely agreement on prolonging New START – Kosachyov"

In Russland hat die Entlassung des US-Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton die Hoffnung geweckt, dass der auslaufende "New START"-Vertrag zur Reduzierung der amerikanischen und russischen Atomwaffenarsenale doch noch rechtzeitig verlängert werden kann. "'The hope for the New START’s renewal is still alive, and will be as long as it is in full force and effect, that is, until February 2021. But the chances that necessary agreements could be achieved on time and without unnecessary distress at least won’t get smaller. Perhaps, they will even grow,' [Russian Federation Council International Affairs Committee head Konstantin Kosachyov] told Interfax on Tuesday. That is how Kosachyov replied to a question as to whether there is any hope left for the New START to be extended, which was asked in connection with Bolton’s resignation. Bolton is a strong advocate a hard line foreign policy, as he 'has always been against the agreements in the area of strategic stability and arms control, suggesting that they are excessively limiting the U.S., stopping it from demonstrating its dominance,' he said."

Mehr lesen vom 11.09.2019

"Trump Mulls $15 Billion Iran Bailout, May Lift Sanctions"

US-Präsident Trump erwägt Berichten zufolge, die französische Initiative zur finanziellen Entlastung Irans zu tolerieren und zudem eigene Sanktionen gegen Teheran aufzuheben. "A $15 billion EU line of credit to Iran in return for oil sales, an effort to get them around near-term economic problems, seems the most likely immediate move, with Trump and Mike Pompeo both considering giving France permission to do it. Iran has suggested they would only be open to talks in the event the US lifted sanctions on th4em. Incredibly, it does appear that this too is under consideration, as Trump is very hopeful for talks, and might actually be willing to do something to make that happen."

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