US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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26.05.2020

 "Syria’s Assad is confronting the toughest challenges of the 9-year war"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/syrias-assad-is-confronting-the-toughest-challenges-of-t
he-9-year-war/2020/05/25/42d4adec-9946-11ea-ad79-eef7cd734641_story.html

Neun Jahre nach Ausbruch des Kriegs in Syrien stehe Staatschef Assad seiner wohl größten innenpolitischen Herausforderung gegenüber, schreiben Liz Sly und Asser Khattab. "The rebels now squeezed into one last corner of Syria no longer pose any threat, and there are no other serious contenders for the presidency of a country that has been ruled by the Assad family for the past 50 years. But cracks are starting to appear in the once-united front presented by loyalists who stood by Assad throughout his battle to crush the opposition. A rare eruption of criticism in Russian media outlets has drawn attention to his dependence on foreign allies — Iran as well as Russia — for his survival. Most important, an imploding economy is driving Syrians into poverty on a scale unprecedented in recent history. Neither Russia nor Iran is in a position to inject the billions of dollars Syria needs to rebuild and revive, yet Assad continues to reject the political reforms that might open the doors to Western and Gulf Arab funding. Even as a third of the country still lies beyond Assad’s control, the stirrings of a new rebellion in the southern province of Daraa speak to the potential for a fresh insurgency in areas that have been recaptured by the government."

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23.05.2020

"Trump administration discussed conducting first U.S. nuclear test in decades"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/trump-administration-discussed-conducting-first-us-nucle
ar-test-in-decades/2020/05/22/a805c904-9c5b-11ea-b60c-3be060a4f8e1_story.html

Könnten die USA bald den ersten Atomwaffentest seit 1992 durchführen? Die Washington Post berichtet über entsprechende Überlegungen im Weißen Haus. "The Trump administration has discussed whether to conduct the first U.S. nuclear test explosion since 1992 in a move that would have far-reaching consequences for relations with other nuclear powers and reverse a decades-long moratorium on such actions, said a senior administration official and two former officials familiar with the deliberations. The matter came up at a meeting of senior officials representing the top national security agencies May 15, following accusations from administration officials that Russia and China are conducting low-yield nuclear tests — an assertion that has not been substantiated by publicly available evidence and that both countries have denied. A senior administration official, who like others spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe the sensitive nuclear discussions, said that demonstrating to Moscow and Beijing that the United States could 'rapid test' could prove useful from a negotiating standpoint as Washington seeks a trilateral deal to regulate the arsenals of the biggest nuclear powers."

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21.05.2020

"One of the first contact-tracing apps violates its own privacy policy"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/05/21/care19-dakota-privacy-coronavirus/

In den USA hat sich Geoffrey A. Fowler zufolge herausgestellt, dass die privaten Nutzerdaten einer Corona-Tracing-App nicht nur an die US-Regierung, sondern auch an ein anderes Unternehmen weitergeleitet worden sind. "As governments build coronavirus-tracking smartphone technology, who is making sure their apps live up to privacy promises? A new analysis of one of the first of a handful of U.S. contact-tracing apps, North and South Dakota’s Care19, finds it violates its own privacy policy by sharing citizen location and other personal data with an outside company. The review was published Thursday by privacy software maker Jumbo. (…) Health authorities are moving fast to build coronavirus apps, often with limited technical resources. They’re relying on commercial tracking companies and murky privacy protections — and under those conditions, it’s not clear we should trust them. (…) As governments develop these apps, they’re going to need the resources to develop their own technology that doesn’t rely on commercial surveillance companies — or more help from Apple and Google."

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11.05.2020

"Retired Afghan general joins the Taliban as concerns rise over defections"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/afghanistan-general-defects-taliban/2020/05/11/497918d4
-938f-11ea-87a3-22d324235636_story.html

In Afghanistan hat sich ein Armee-General im Ruhestand offenbar den Taliban angeschlossen. Susannah George berichtet, dass die Zahl abtrünniger Angehöriger der Sicherheitskräfte seit dem Abschluss des Friedensabkommens zwischen den Taliban und den USA einer inoffiziellen Quelle zufolge zugenommen habe. "A foreign diplomat in Kabul said the number of defections within the Afghan security forces have increased following the signing of the peace deal more than two months ago. Afghan officials in provinces hit hardest by the uptick in Taliban attacks have also relayed reports of increased defections. The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media. The U.S. military command in Afghanistan dismissed reports of large numbers of defections. 'We are not seeing these defections at the scale the Taliban are claiming or at a rate which would exceed previous attrition rates,' a U.S. defense official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity in line with department regulations."

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06.05.2020

"Kim Jong Un did not have heart surgery, South Korea says, tying absence to coronavirus fears"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/kim-jong-un-didnt-have-heart-surgery-south-korea-says-t
ying-absence-to-coronavirus-fears/2020/05/06/7cba6c34-8f5c-11ea-9322-a29e75effc93_story.html

Der südkoreanische Geheimdienst vermutet, dass die zwischenzeitliche Abwesenheit des nordkoreanischen Staatschefs Kim Jong Un mit der Angst vor dem Coronavirus zusammenhängen könnte. "South Korea's spy agency told lawmakers Wednesday it does not believe North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had heart surgery last month, and determined that his three-week absence from public view was probably linked to fears over the coronavirus pandemic. Officials of the National Intelligence Service told a parliamentary committee that the reports of heart surgery, first carried by South Korean website Daily NK and then amplified by Western media into talk that Kim was gravely ill or even dead, were 'groundless,' according to a lawmaker on the intelligence committee. 'He was normally performing his duties when he was out of the public eye,' said Kim Byung-kee, of the ruling Democratic Party, describing the intelligence reports in a briefing with reporters."

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15.02.2020

"At Munich Security Conference, an Atlantic divide: U.S. boasting and European unease"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/munich-security-conference-pompeo-europe/2020/02/15/ea9174d4-
4c1b-11ea-967b-e074d302c7d4_story.html

Die Washington Post stellt fest, dass die diesjährige Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz bestätigt habe, wie tief der transatlantische Graben mittlerweile sei. "Germany's president offered a gloomy picture on the state of Europe's relations with President Trump's United States. Trump's top diplomat said Saturday that everything was just fine. So it went at the annual Munich Security Conference, a Davos of the world's foreign policy elite. The transatlantic differences have grown so wide that they can no longer agree about whether they disagree. (…) The theme of this year’s Munich convocation was 'Westlessness.' That reflected the concerns — at least by the German foreign policy elite who put the conference together — of a world order with a diminished role for the international institutions that underpinned European and American security in the seven decades following World War II."

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03.02.2020

"Bernie Sanders’s foreign policy is a risk for Democrats against Trump"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/02/03/bernie-sanderss-foreign-policy-is-risk-democrats-again
st-trump/

Die erste Vorwahl der US-Demokraten in Iowa hat Bernie Sanders trotz ihrer turbulenten Umstände als einen aussichtsreichen Präsidentschaftskandidaten bestätigt. Josh Rogin meint allerdings, dass Sanders es im Wahlkampf mit Donald Trump auch aufgrund seiner außenpolitischen Positionen schwer hätte. "Sanders’s congressional record puts him at odds with the mainstream positions of the Democratic Party. Since being elected in 1990 — he served eight terms as a House member before becoming a senator — Sanders has consistently voted to limit U.S. military interventions abroad, opposed bills that take Israel’s side in the Middle East peace process and argued against sanctions on Iran. (…) Some Democrats say stances like this would pose a problem against Trump in the general election campaign. 'One of the most useful attacks on Trump on foreign policy is he’s favored autocrats over our allies, and Sanders is not the best candidate to make that critique because he has also associated himself with autocrats,' said Democratic strategist Ben LaBolt, who served as national press secretary on the 2012 Obama-Biden campaign. (…) The Sanders campaign dismisses such criticism as Beltway conventional wisdom. 'I think it’s more that the Washington elite that wants a return to 'normalcy,'' Sanders foreign policy adviser Matt Duss told me. 'But most Americans understand that so-called 'normalcy' is what gave us the Iraq War. 'Normalcy' is what gave us the financial collapse. 'Normalcy' is what gave us Trump.'"

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20.01.2020

"Global leaders promise to respect arms embargo on Libya, but fail to secure a lasting cease fire"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/eu-leaders-call-for-greater-engagement-and-unity-on-libya-as-
talks-get-underway/2020/01/19/14230e90-394b-11ea-a1ff-c48c1d59a4a1_story.html

Die Libyen-Konferenz in Berlin sei mit einigen Absichtserklärungen, aber ohne die von vielen erhoffte Waffenstillstandsvereinbarung zu Ende gegangen, stellen Sudarsan Raghavan und Loveday Morris ernüchtert fest. "The one-day summit, attended by many of the world’s most influential leaders, was the most significant attempt yet by the United States and Europe to remain relevant in Libya after years of watching from the sidelines. (…) Both Prime Minister Fayez Serraj, the head of the U.N.-installed government in Tripoli, and eastern commander Khalifa Hifter, who launched an offensive on the Libyan capital in April, were in Berlin on Sunday. But they did not meet, underscoring the deep and lingering animosity that divides Libya. 'The difference between the parties are such a magnitude that they don’t speak to each other,' Merkel said. 'They were not in the same room.' (…) It remains to be seen whether the countries driving one of the world’s most internationalized conflicts will set aside their ambitions and stop sending weapons and fighters, after having blatantly ignored the arms embargo for years."

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15.01.2020

"Days before Europeans warned Iran of nuclear deal violations, Trump secretly threatened to impose 25% tariff on European autos if they didn’t"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/days-before-europeans-warned-iran-of-nuclear-deal-
violations-trump-secretly-threatened-to-impose-25percent-tariff-on-european-autos-if-they-didnt/2020/01/1
5/0a3ea8ce-37a9-11ea-a01d-b7cc8ec1a85d_story.html

John Hudson und Souad Mekhennet berichten, dass die US-Regierung Deutschland, Frankreich und Großbritannien auf vertraulicher Ebene mit drastischen Wirtschaftszöllen gedroht habe, um eine europäische Verurteilung der iranischen Verstöße gegen das Atomabkommen zu erzwingen. Kurz darauf hätten die Europäer die Verstöße offiziell festgestellt und ein formelles Schlichtungsverfahren in die Wege geleitet. "The U.S. effort to coerce European foreign policy through tariffs, a move one European official equated to 'extortion,' represents a new level of hardball tactics with the United States’ oldest allies, underscoring the extraordinary tumult in the transatlantic relationship. President Trump has previously used the threat of a 25 percent tariff on automobiles to win more-favorable terms in the country’s trade relationship with the Europeans, but not to dictate the continent’s foreign policy. It remains unclear if the threat was even necessary, as Europeans had been signaling their intention to trigger the dispute resolution for weeks. While the United States views the mechanism as critical to reimposing sanctions on Iran in as little as 65 days, the Europeans see the measure as a last chance to salvage a deal they view as vital to reducing tensions and limiting Iran’s nuclear program."

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03.01.2020

"How the Soleimani assassination could pave the way for a new deal with Iran"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/how-the-soleimani-assassination-could-pave-the-way-for-a-new-deal-
with-iran/2020/01/03/3e82ca60-2e4a-11ea-bcb3-ac6482c4a92f_story.html

Könnte der Tod von General Soleimani den Weg für ein neues Atomabkommen mit dem Iran ebnen? Robert Satloff vom Washington Institute for Near East Policy hält es für möglich, dass Teheran angesichts des neu etablierten amerikanischen Abschreckungspotentials bald zu neuen Verhandlungen bereit sein könnte. "What if U.S. officials took advantage of the moment to ask a trusted third party — say, the Omanis or the Swiss — to test whether Tehran’s leaders were ready for a quiet diplomatic initiative to achieve what the White House has long said was the objective of its 'maximum pressure' campaign: a better, broader agreement with Iran than the narrow nuclear deal the administration quit in 2018? With tensions high and emotions raw, the immediate aftermath of Soleimani’s killing may seem an odd moment to propose diplomatic engagement. But the very brazenness of the act may have so unnerved Iran’s leadership that negotiating with the Great Satan, an option Tehran seemed to reject as it sought to extend its influence from Yemen to Baghdad, might become an attractive alternative to the possibility of direct confrontation."

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26.12.2019

"Trump is already searching for his next secretary of state"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/trump-is-already-searching-for-his-next-secretary
-of-state/2019/12/26/9a521e2e-2803-11ea-b2ca-2e72667c1741_story.html

Josh Rogin hält einen Führungswechsel im US-Außenministerium in diesem Jahr für möglich, da Mike Pompeo Berichten zufolge eine politische Karriere im US-Senat erwäge. Es seien bereits mögliche Nachfolger im Gespräch, darunter der US-Botschafter in Berlin, Richard Grenell. "The person most often mentioned to succeed Pompeo is national security adviser Robert O’Brien. Trump really likes O’Brien, several officials told me, and has given him increased diplomatic responsibilities since he became the president’s fourth national security adviser in September. (…) The other main contender at this point is Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Some officials believe Mnuchin is angling for the job, and some say he is simply in contention but not actively lobbying. Either way, he’s on the list. Mnuchin is very close to Trump personally and has been treasury secretary for almost three years. (…) Trump has also asked people what they think about Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell becoming secretary of state. The German government has complained about Grenell’s aggressive style, but that’s actually a selling point for Trump. (…) Does [Pompeo] really want to go from being secretary of state to a position as the junior senator from Kansas? If he is going to run for president on his diplomatic record, might he not want to stay another year and finish the job? If so, this entire contest will simply be shelved until Trump’s second term (should he be reelected). But until everyone else can be convinced that Pompeo is definitely staying, the competition for his job will keep heating up."

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10.12.2019

"The Open Skies treaty is giving Russia spying capabilities. End it."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/12/10/open-skies-treaty-is-giving-russia-spying-capabilities
-end-it/

Der republikanische US-Senator Tom Cotton hält die Aufkündigung des "Open Skies"-Vertrags der USA mit Russland und anderen Staaten für überfällig. "Like so many treaties with Russia, the Open Skies agreement was negotiated and signed with good intentions, then abused by Moscow for maximum advantage. The treaty, which entered into force in 2002 and has 34 signatories, is intended to allow unarmed and unobstructed observation flights over both Russian and NATO territory. But Russia has breached the treaty for years by imposing limits on U.S. flights while suffering no such restrictions itself. In other words, 'open skies for me, closed skies for thee.' President Trump should end this charade by withdrawing from the treaty and diverting the hundreds of millions of dollars it wastes to valuable military projects. (…) Russia is not a good-faith actor. Moreover, the Open Skies Treaty no longer serves to reduce tensions or build trust, if it ever did. Instead it gives Russia a spying capability it wouldn’t otherwise possess, which jeopardizes U.S. security."

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09.12.2019

"At war with the truth"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/investigations/afghanistan-papers/afghanistan-war-confidenti
al-documents/

Die Washington Post ist nach intensiven Bemühungen an Regierungsdokumente gelangt, die belegen, dass die US-Regierung die Bevölkerung in den vergangenen 18 Jahren bewusst über die Entwicklung in Afghanistan in die Irre geführt hat. In diesem Dossier stellt Craig Whitlock die Recherche-Ergebnisse vor. "A confidential trove of government documents obtained by The Washington Post reveals that senior U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan throughout the 18-year campaign, making rosy pronouncements they knew to be false and hiding unmistakable evidence the war had become unwinnable. The documents were generated by a federal project examining the root failures of the longest armed conflict in U.S. history. They include more than 2,000 pages of previously unpublished notes of interviews with people who played a direct role in the war, from generals and diplomats to aid workers and Afghan officials. (…) The interviews, through an extensive array of voices, bring into sharp relief the core failings of the war that persist to this day. They underscore how three presidents — George W. Bush, Barack Obama and Donald Trump — and their military commanders have been unable to deliver on their promises to prevail in Afghanistan."

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26.11.2019

"Germans are deeply worried about the U.S. alliance, but Americans have hardly noticed"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/11/25/germans-are-deeply-worried-about-us-alliance-americans-ha
ve-hardly-noticed/

Vor dem NATO-Gipfel in London weist eine neue Umfrage Adam Taylor zufolge darauf hin, dass die Allianz der USA mit Deutschland von beiden Seiten völlig unterschiedlich eingeschätzt wird. "The poll, jointly conducted by the Pew Research Center and the German firm Körber-Stiftung in September, found that while three-quarters of Americans see relations with Germany as good, almost two-thirds of Germans say the relationship is bad. The responses also suggested that the two nations placed different levels of importance on the alliance. The poll found that Americans are more likely to prioritize greater cooperation with Germany, with 69 percent in favor, compared with 50 percent of Germans who say the same of increased cooperation with the United States. (…) The differing views of the alliance may be due in part to an information gap between Germans and Americans, [Sudha David-Wilp, a senior transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund in Berlin,] said. 'Germans are definitely well-informed when it comes to current affairs,' she said, as their nation is in the midst of Europe and has an export-driven economy. Americans, on the other hand, tend to think of themselves as the 'middle of the world, the center of the universe.'"

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06.11.2019

"Arrival of Russian mercenaries adds deadlier firepower, modern tactics to Libya’s civil war"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/arrival-of-russian-mercenaries-adds-deadlier-firepower-modern-tactic
s-to-libyas-civil-war/2019/11/05/f330820c-fa03-11e9-9534-e0dbcc9f5683_story.html

General Khalifa Haftar wird bei seinem Kampf um die Macht in Libyen diesem Bericht zufolge von russischen Söldnern unterstützt. "Hundreds of Russian mercenaries, many highly trained and well-armed, are fighting alongside renegade Libyan commander Khalifa Hifter as he seeks to oust the country’s United Nations-backed government, according to Libyan military commanders and fighters, as well as U.S. military and other Western officials. These foreigners fighting for Hifter’s self-described Libyan National Army are introducing new tactics and firepower on the battlefield, threatening to prolong the most violent conflict in this North African country since the Arab Spring revolution eight years ago. 'The entry of the Russian forces into the war has altered the battlefield,' said Osama al-Juwaili, a top commander of the Libyan government’s forces. 'Their presence complicates things for us.'"

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29.10.2019

"The anti-neoliberal wave rocking Latin America"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/10/29/anti-neoliberal-wave-rocking-latin-america/

Ishaan Tharoor hält die jüngsten Wahlerfolge linker Parteien in Lateinamerika für den Ausdruck einer "anti-neoliberalen Welle". Noch vor wenigen Jahren hätten Experten ein Ende der lateinamerikanischen Linken prognostiziert. Die sozialen Folgen der Austeritätspolitik, die verbreitete Korruption und die tief verankerte wirtschaftliche Ungleichheit hätten dem politischen Rechtsruck jedoch bereits wieder ein Ende bereitet. "Whatever ails the continent’s sluggish economies and polarized societies, mild-mannered center-right politicians like [the defeated president Mauricio Macri in Argentina] can’t muster a response. We may see, as [Brazil-based political scientist Oliver Stuenkel] suggests, 'more economically liberal candidates joining illiberal nationalist forces, as happened in Brazil.' But even Bolsonaro’s political experiment is a fragile one and could face a similarly angry backlash if he fails to deliver on his economic promises. 'We will see to what extent this will last for Bolsonaro, who seems to be the true heir of Pinochet,' said Finchelstein. 'Eventually Brazilians may reject him, too.'"

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23.10.2019

"Thousands dead. Police accused of criminal acts. Yet Duterte’s drug war is wildly popular."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/thousands-dead-police-accused-of-criminal-acts-yet-dute
rtes-drug-war-is-wildly-popular/2019/10/23/4fdb542a-f494-11e9-b2d2-1f37c9d82dbb_story.html

Der Drogenkrieg des philippinischen Präsidenten Duterte hat Regine Cabato zufolge bereits tausende Todesopfer gefordert und stößt international auf breite Ablehnung. In der philippinischen Bevölkerung sei die Kampagne allerdings so populär wie nie. "The reasons are manifold, but hinge on Filipinos’ apparent willingness to overlook the human toll as long as Duterte’s government satisfies their individual economic and political interests, analysts say. For a politician who promised to eradicate criminals — 'kill them all,' he said — Filipinos appear to judge Duterte to have kept his word. (…) In September, the government cited an 82 percent satisfaction rating for the drug war in a Social Weather Stations survey as it pushed back on a United Nations resolution calling for the investigation of human rights violations. Police records show over 6,000 deaths in anti-drug operations, but human rights watchdogs count more than 20,000 others killed by unknown perpetrators. Polling released last month put Duterte’s satisfaction rating at 78 percent, slightly below previous results. The president enjoyed a higher rating of 'very good to excellent' among wealthier Filipinos, though his popularity among the poorest respondents has decreased."

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16.10.2019

"The awkward tension underlying the West’s anger at Turkey"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/10/16/awkward-tension-underlying-wests-anger-turkey/

Ishaan Tharoor macht darauf aufmerksam, dass der Westen auf die türkische Invasion in Syrien deutlich schärfer reagiere als auf den saudi-arabischen Krieg in Jemen. Der seiner Ansicht nach "verständliche" Grund für diesen Doppelstandard sei das angespannte Verhältnis zur Türkei, die immer noch NATO-Partner und nominelle Demokratie sei. "For all the Western antipathy toward Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the Turkish president still seems to loom as a larger boogeyman. In Europe, Erdogan is widely seen as the dangerous demagogue next door. In the United States, he has become an adversary in allied clothing. 'Obsession with Erdogan has always distorted Turkey policy in Washington,' Soner Cagaptay, author of 'Erdogan’s Empire: Turkey and the Politics of the Middle East,' told Today’s WorldView. (...) Erdogan is reviled, especially by the American foreign policy establishment. And so Washington 'distorts Turkey’s policy in the other direction,' said Cagaptay, seeing only the mustachioed would-be autocrat in Ankara, while ignoring widespread concerns, shared by many of Erdogan’s domestic opponents, over the dangers of a Syrian Kurdish statelet emerging on the Turkish border."

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09.10.2019

"From Germany to America, synagogues are frequently the target of attacks"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/10/09/germany-america-synagogues-are-frequently-target-attacks/

Jennifer Hassan macht nach dem rechtsextremistischen Angriff auf eine Synagoge in Halle darauf aufmerksam, dass die Zahl antisemitischer Gewaltakte im vergangenen Jahr einer Untersuchung zufolge international um 13 Prozent angestiegen sei. "While synagogues in Germany are usually protected by police, worshipers and officials around the world are increasingly forced to weigh tighter security measures. In the United States, the Pittsburgh massacre prompted many to debate the idea of ramping up security measures in and around holy buildings. Those in support of the measures think tighter security would make people feel safer, while others fear the protective steps could make a place of worship less welcoming. (...) According to a report released this year, the most serious anti-Semitic incidents of 2018 took place in the United States and the United Kingdom, followed by France, Germany and Canada."

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23.09.2019

"U.N. announces formation of Syrian constitutional committee"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/un-announces-formation-of-syrian-constitutional-committe
e/2019/09/23/73c1b5c0-de0d-11e9-be7f-4cc85017c36f_story.html

Die UNO hat die Bildung eines syrischen Verfassungsausschusses verkündet, dem 150 Mitglieder der syrischen Regierung, der Oppositionsbewegung und der Zivilgesellschaft angehören sollen. "The 150-member committee, proposed during a peace conference hosted by Russia in January 2018, will rewrite the Syrian constitution. The long-awaited announcement of the committee’s formation came during a visit to ­Damascus by the U.N. envoy to Syria, Geir Pedersen, who held talks with Foreign Minister Walid al-Moualem. In a statement, U.N. Secretary General António Guterres said the 'Syrian-owned and Syrian-led' constitutional committee will be facilitated by the United Nations in Geneva, and he thanked Russia, Turkey and Iran for their diplomatic efforts. (...) After eight years of conflict, the bulk of Syria has returned under government control, with various opposition groups holding parts of the northwest and U.S.-backed Kurdish groups holding the northeast. Earlier Monday, the Kurdish-led autonomous administration in northern and eastern Syria issued a statement rejecting the constitutional committee, saying Kurds had been sidelined in the process. 'The absence of any side means the absence of democracy in the constitution,' the statement said."

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16.08.2019

"The Kashmir crisis isn’t about territory. It’s about a Hindu victory over Islam."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/the-kashmir-crisis-isnt-about-territory-its-about-a-hindu-victory-
over-islam/2019/08/16/ab84ffe2-bf79-11e9-a5c6-1e74f7ec4a93_story.html

Der indische Autor Kapil Komireddi ist davon überzeugt, dass der Konflikt in Kaschmir vor allem mit der Rivalität zwischen Hindus und Muslimen zu tun hat. Premierminister Modi habe mit seiner Entscheidung, den Sonderstatus für den überwiegend muslimischen Bundesstaat Jammu und Kaschmir aufzuheben, ein klares Signal gesendet. "Modi’s sudden takeover in Kashmir is the fulfillment of a long ideological yearning to make a predominantly Muslim population surrender to his vision of a homogeneous Hindu nation. It is also a way of conveying to the rest of India — a union of dizzyingly diverse states — that no one is exempt from the Hindu-power paradise he wants to build on the subcontinent. Kashmir is both a warning and a template: Any state that deviates from this vision can be brought under Delhi’s thumb in the name of 'unity.' (...) An India that has ceased to be secular will have forever lost its argument for Kashmir. The calm currently imposed on the region conceals a deep rage that is waiting to erupt. The abuse of Kashmir justified by Modi as 'integration' may, if it is not confronted and reversed, be the beginning of the end of India’s unity."

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01.06.2019

"Trump’s reliance on pressure tactics is showing diminishing returns"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trumps-reliance-on-pressure-tactics-is-showing-diminishing-return
s/2019/05/31/1c5e6144-83bc-11e9-bce7-40b4105f7ca0_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.6975bb21e3b8

US-Präsident Trump setzt in seiner Außenpolitik David Nakamura zufolge generell auf "rohe Gewalt", um die Interessen der USA gegenüber Gegnern wie Verbündeten durchzusetzen. Bisher sei jedoch fraglich, ob diese Strategie auch langfristig erfolgreich sein könne. "Trump campaigned on the theme that the rest of the world was taking advantage of the United States because of weak political leaders who valued multilateral partnerships over the unapologetic pursuit of national self-interest. He pledged that, as president, he would not hesitate to pressure rivals and allies alike to win a better deal for Americans. (...) But on his signature initiatives, Trump’s go-to tactics have faltered and the president has grown increasingly frustrated, prompting him in recent weeks to escalate his threats and punitive actions. (...) 'One of Trump’s major failings is that he only has a hammer,' said Andrea Schneider, a professor of law at Marquette University who focuses on negotiations and has studied Trump’s tactics. 'He has no capacity of looking at the long term and recognizing that the vast majority of our interactions in life are repeat interactions. I joke with my students that if you treat negotiations as a one-shot deal, it will be. No one will ever want to deal with you again.'"

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20.05.2019

"At a Ukrainian aircraft engine factory, China’s military finds a cash-hungry partner"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/at-a-ukrainian-aircraft-engine-factory-chinas-military-finds-
a-cash-hungry-partner/2019/05/20/ceb0a548-6042-11e9-bf24-db4b9fb62aa2_story.html?utm_term=.ed09434489f3

Anton Troianovski berichtet über das große Interesse chinesischer Investoren am Know-How eines ukrainischen Unternehmens zur Herstellung hochmoderner Flugzeugmotoren. "Racing to upgrade its military, China has been turning to Ukraine. And Ukraine — with its economy scrambled by hostilities with Russia — has been willing to accept China’s embrace. 'If they ban us from working with China,' Boguslayev said, 'then the first thing I’ll do is fire 10,000 people.' Motor Sich, dubbed the 'Czar of Engines' in the Chinese media, has what Beijing wants: It can supply warplane engines and the know-how to one day possibly make a Chinese-built version. The Chinese, in turn, have what Motor Sich wants: reliable buyers. The company lost its biggest market — supplying engines for military helicopters and other aircraft in Russia — after war broke out in eastern Ukraine in 2014. Now it sells mainly to China."

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20.05.2019

"He played Ukraine’s president on TV. Now he has taken office as the real one."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/he-once-played-ukraines-president-on-tv-now-he-just-took-offi
ce-as-the-real-one/2019/05/20/594c6322-77e5-11e9-a7bf-c8a43b84ee31_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a92
09c044673

David L. Stern und Anton Troianovski berichten über die Amtseinführung des neuen ukrainischen Präsidenten Volodymyr Zelenskiy in Kiew. "Many members of the country’s political and economic elite (...) are poised to test the depth of public support for Zelensky as parliamentary elections loom. And his own commitment to the anti-corruption agenda he espoused as a candidate remains to be seen. More broadly, Zelensky, an entertainer who has never held elected office, faces the daunting task of navigating both European geopolitics and U.S. domestic politics. Zelensky, who won with close to 75 percent of the vote over incumbent Petro Poroshenko, took the oath of office during a ceremony in parliament, in front of an audience that included U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry. (...) Zelensky said ending the war in eastern Ukraine was his top priority, but he insisted that he would not give up any territory to do so. He said that he was ready 'for dialogue' — presumably with Russia — but that Moscow needed to return imprisoned Ukrainians."

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25.04.2019

"Trump orders staff to prepare arms-control push with Russia and China"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-orders-staff-to-prepare-arms-control-push-wi
th-russia-and-china/2019/04/25/c7f05e04-6076-11e9-9412-daf3d2e67c6d_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.15
01bb0154cf

Könnte der aller Voraussicht nach im August auslaufende INF-Vertrag bald durch ein neues internationales Rüstungskontrollabkommen ersetzt werden? Die Washington Post berichtet, dass US-Präsident Trump vor den Kosten eines neuen Wettrüstens zurückschrecke und seine Regierung beauftragt habe, die Möglichkeiten einer entsprechenden Vereinbarung mit Russland und China auszuloten. "The aim of the nascent effort, a senior administration official said, is to bring Russian nuclear weapons unregulated by treaties under new limits and persuade China to join an arms-control pact limiting or verifying its capabilities for the first time. The initiative is still in its earliest stages, with officials preparing options for how to implement Trump’s order. It is unclear whether it will yield results in an administration that has locked horns with Moscow and Beijing and has less than two years left in its first term. (...) A trilateral nuclear arms-control agreement among the United States, Russia and China would be a watershed diplomatic achievement; separate treaties alone would be significant. But normally, such pacts require years of negotiation and diplomatic outreach, a challenge for an administration that has withdrawn the United States from arms-control treaties but has not brokered any new ones."

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24.04.2019

"The Sri Lankan attackers were ‘well-educated.’ Suicide bombers tend to be, experts say."

http://https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/04/24/sri-lankan-attackers-were-well-educated-suicide-bo
mbers-tend-be-experts-say/?utm_term=.5858555799c5

Die von den Sicherheitsbehörden identifizierten neun Selbstmordattentäter von Sri Lanka hätten der Mittel- und Oberschicht des Landes angehört und seien gut ausgebildet gewesen, schreibt Siobhán O'Grady. Für Terrorismusexperten sei dies keine Überraschung: "In large-scale studies of terrorist perpetrators, suicide bombers often come across as 'awfully normal,' said Robert Pape, a political science professor at the University of Chicago who researches extremism. 'Your average suicide attacker is typically above-average-educated compared to the local society.' Joana Cook, a senior research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Radicalization, said that it’s a common misconception 'to view poverty as a sole factor or motivator for political violence.' While poverty can certainly be a factor in certain extremist contexts, 'terrorism is by definition political violence, and there are multiple motivations for becoming involved,' she said."

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23.04.2019

"Saudi Arabia puts to death 37 people in largest mass execution in past three years"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/saudi-arabia-puts-to-death-37-people-in-largest-mass-execution-in-pa
st-three-years/2019/04/23/43a063e0-65d7-11e9-a698-2a8f808c9cfb_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.47ff9f2
df0d1

In Saudi-Arabien sind in einer Massenhinrichtung 37 angebliche Terroristen exekutiert worden. "It was the largest mass execution in Saudi Arabia since early 2016, when 47 people were put to death, also on terror-related charges. The vast majority of those executed on Tuesday were members of Saudi Arabia’s Shiite Muslim minority, according to Shiite activists. Those put to death included at least three people who were minors at the time of their alleged crimes and confessed to prosecutors’ charges under torture, according to Reprieve [a human rights group], which said it provided assistance to five of the people executed. Saudi Arabia generally beheads prisoners condemned to death, in ceremonies performed by executioners using a sword — a punishment in line with the kingdom’s strict interpretation of Islamic law."

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21.04.2019

"After years of repression, Ethiopia’s media is free — and fanning the flames of ethnic tension"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/after-years-of-repression-ethiopias-media-is-free--and-fannin
g-the-flames-of-ethnic-tension/2019/04/20/c4573f5a-5a4b-11e9-98d4-844088d135f2_story.html?noredirect=on&u
tm_term=.0071094e7cda

Die politische Öffnung in Äthiopien habe auch den Medien des Landes neuen Freiraum verschafft, berichtet Paul Schemm. Aktivisten wie Eskinder Nega nutzten dies, um ihren Forderungen Gehör zu verschaffen. Die neue Polarisierung verschärfe allerdings auch die ethnischen Spannungen. "His new weekly Ethiopis takes a strident tone, especially against the city administration and activists from Ethiopia’s Oromo ethnic group, newly empowered by their fellow Oromo, Abiy. He sees his paper and his activism as part of his long struggle for democracy. Others see it as a danger to Ethiopia’s delicate political state and as part of a wave of news outlets that are taking sides and worsening tensions in the country’s many conflicts. (...) Ethiopia has been a rare bright spot of increased rights and democracy on a continent more known for leaders overstaying their mandates. Its progress in media freedom — there are no longer any imprisoned journalists — has been so dramatic that it was chosen to host World Press Freedom Day next month. The changes have also prompted conflicts and unearthed long-buried grievances, often revolving around land and ethnicity. To many, a newly polarized press is making things worse."

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