US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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"Ethiopian government launches 'staggering' new offensive against rebel Tigray forces, group says"

Die äthiopische Regierung habe eine neue Offensive gegen die Volksbefreiungsfront von Tigray (TPLF) gestartet, erläutert Rachel Chason. "TPLF spokesman Getachew Reda said in an interview that there was active fighting Monday on at least three fronts in the Amhara region against the troops of the Ethiopian army and Amhara regional militias, involving a combination of soldiers, drones, tanks and airstrikes. The fighting marked an escalation in Ethiopia's nearly year-long civil war as the international community has ratcheted up calls for an end to the violence. (…) Since November, the war has displaced roughly 2 million people and led the United Nations to warn that at least 400,000 people are at risk of famine caused by a 'de facto humanitarian blockade.'"

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"Islamic State claims mosque blast in Kunduz, Afghanistan, that killed nearly 50, injured dozens"

Der sogenannte "Islamische Staat in der Provinz Khorasan" (ISIS-K) habe sich zu dem Anschlag am vergangenen Freitag auf eine schiitische Moschee in der afghanischen Stadt Kundus bekannt, schreiben Ellen Francis und Sudarsan Raghavan. "ISIS-K has emerged as the biggest security threat since the Taliban seized control of Afghanistan in mid-August. (…) Since the U.S. withdrawal, the two groups have engaged in deadly tit-for-tat attacks in several parts of the country. (…) The United Nations mission in Afghanistan condemned Friday's attack in a tweet, saying initial reports indicated 'more than 100 people killed and injured in a suicide blast inside the mosque.'"

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"Ethiopia expels U.N. officials amid signs of famine in the Tigray region"

Äthiopiens Regierung habe am Donnerstag die Ausweisung von sieben hochrangigen Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeitern der UN angeordnet, bemerken Rachel Chason, Felicia Sonmez und Sammy Westfall. "The government accused the officials of 'meddling' in Ethiopia's internal affairs and gave them 72 hours to leave, according to a statement from the Foreign Ministry. Among those expelled was the country representative of the U.N. Children's Fund and the head of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) the U.N.'s emergency relief arm. (…) In a statement, U.N. Secretary General António Guterres said that he was 'shocked' by Ethiopia's decision."

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"China, NATO officials discuss Afghanistan, regional tensions"

Laut der Washington Post habe Chinas Außenminister Wang Yi mit NATO-Generalsekretär Jens Stoltenberg gesprochen. "China's top diplomat has held a virtual meeting with NATO's chief to discuss the situation in Afghanistan, amid longstanding disagreements between Beijing and the U.S.-led alliance over regional policies. (…) Beijing said the two officials speaking Monday agreed to 'raise the standard of dialogue to advance practical cooperation' between China and NATO on issues including counterterrorism, anti-piracy, cyber security and international peacekeeping."

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"Iran, Saudi sides continue tension-easing talks in Baghdad"

Vertreter Irans und Saudi-Arabiens hätten in Bagdad erneut Gespräche geführt, erläutert Qassim Abdul-Zahra. "The meeting held last week discussed 'pending issues between the two countries according to a previously agreed on roadmap, including diplomatic representation between the two countries,' according to one Iraqi official. (…) Iraq has recently played the role of mediator between the two regional foes whose rivalry has often played out to deadly consequences in Iraq and elsewhere in the region."

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"Hezbollah flexes its muscles in Lebanon and provides free Iranian fuel"

Die Hisbollah habe iranischen Treibstoff in den Libanon geliefert, informieren Nader Durgham, Suzan Haidamous und Liz Sly. "The amount of fuel imported - just 33,000 tons - was meager compared with Lebanon's vast needs and was only enough to last the generator-dependent country for a few days. (…) Hezbollah has milked the opportunity to portray itself as a savior, making the fuel available free to hospitals, charitable institutions, emergency services, municipalities and other institutions that have had services crippled by the lack of electricity. (…) With the deliveries, Hezbollah demonstrated its ability to outmaneuver the Lebanese state, as well as the United States and its sanctions regime against Iran and Hezbollah, said Halabi, the energy analyst."

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"What to know about 'Havana Syndrome', the mysterious illness affecting U.S. officials around the world"

Miriam Berger gibt einen Überblick über das sogenannte "Havanna-Syndrom": "The mysterious illness now known as 'Havana Syndrome' first began afflicting U.S. diplomats and intelligence officers in Cuba's capital, Havana, in late 2016. Victims reported the sudden onset of a range of symptoms such as headaches, nausea, memory loss and other cognitive difficulties. (…) Now, nearly five years later, as many as 200 incidents have been reported among U.S. personnel in a list of countries that includes everywhere from Russia to China to Colombia to Uzbekistan and even the United States itself. (…) The exact cause of Havana Syndrome is unknown and U.S. officials refer to potential cases as 'anomalous health incidents,' even as government investigators continue to probe its origins. (…) Some observers have said that Havana Syndrome could be the unintended consequence of an intelligence-gathering mission by a foreign government."

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"Syrian detention camp rocked by dozens of killings blamed on Islamic State women"

Seit Beginn des Jahres sollen mehr als siebzig Personen in dem Lager Al-Hol im Nordosten Syriens umgebracht worden sein, berichtet Louisa Loveluck. "Al-Hol has become an ever more dangerous and desperate place. Religious militancy is on the rise, imperiling those who are not as fanatical. Killings are often blamed on hard-line women who take advantage of the fragile security to enforce their strictures and settle scores. Security sweeps to confiscate handguns, knives and other weapons have made little difference, according to officials at the camp, which is run by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces. Tensions between captives and captors are boiling."

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"With Taliban's rise, India sees renewed threat in Kashmir"

Die Machtübernahme der Taliban in Afghanistan beunruhige Indien, beobachtet Aijaz Hussain. "India's leaders are (…) fearing that it will benefit their bitter rival Pakistan and feed a long-simmering insurgency in the disputed region of Kashmir, where militants already have a foothold. Lt. Gen. Deependra Singh Hooda, former military commander for northern India between 2014-2016, said militant groups based across the border in Pakistan would 'certainly try and push men' into Kashmir, following the Taliban victory in Afghanistan. (…) Neighbors India and Pakistan have fought two wars over Kashmir and both countries rule parts of the Himalayan region, but claim it in full."

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"Taliban minister says women can attend university, but not alongside men"

Die Taliban hätten angekündigt, dass Frauen und Männer an afghanischen Universitäten künftig nur noch getrennt studieren dürfen, berichten Miriam Berger, Ezzatullah Mehrdad und Gerry Shih. "The Taliban intend to 'start building on what existed today,' the acting minister of higher education, Abdul Baqi Haqqani, told reporters in Kabul. He said women would not be kept out of schools as they were from 1996 to 2001, when the Taliban last ruled the country under a fundamentalist Islamist code. But he said Taliban officials would conduct a curriculum review, and suggested the group would not abandon its hard line. 'We will not allow female and male students to study in one classroom,' Haqqani said. 'Coeducation is in opposition to sharia law.'"

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"The terrorism threat is entering a new, more dangerous phase"

Die Ära des Terrorismus sei noch lange nicht vorbei, analysiert Ali Soufan. "A new, more dangerous phase has begun. (…) Despite the Taliban's protestations to the contrary, al-Qaeda remains fused to the militants running Afghanistan, by an oath made by Osama bin Laden, and twice renewed by his successor, Ayman al-Zawahiri. In May, a U.N. monitoring group said of al-Qaeda that 'it would be difficult, if not impossible, to separate it from its Taliban allies.' (…) Afghanistan is on the verge of again becoming a hub for terrorism. Even before the Taliban fully took over, various extremist groups were running training camps there, the way they did before 9/11. The U.N. report in May estimated the total number of foreign fighters in the country at 8,000 to 10,000, including groups from the Arab world, Central Asia and the Uyghur areas of China."

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"Misinformation on Facebook got six times more clicks than factual news during the 2020 election, study says"

Elizabeth Dwoskin präsentiert die Ergebnisse einer Studie von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern der New York University sowie der Université Grenoble Alpes zum Nutzerverhalten auf Facebook rund um die US-Präsidentschaftswahl 2020: "The forthcoming peer-reviewed study (…) has found that from August 2020 to January 2021, news publishers known for putting out misinformation got six times the amount of likes, shares, and interactions on the platform as did trustworthy news sources, such as CNN or the World Health Organization. (…) The study 'helps add to the growing body of evidence that, despite a variety of mitigation efforts, misinformation has found a comfortable home - and an engaged audience - on Facebook,' said Rebekah Tromble, director of the Institute for Data, Democracy and Politics at George Washington University, who reviewed the study's findings."

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"Anti-Taliban resistance fighters rely on grit, history and geography to hang onto a sliver of Afghanistan"

Ezzatullah Mehrdad, Haq Nawaz Khan und Sudarsan Raghavan berichten über die jüngsten Gefechte zwischen den Taliban und der Nationalen Widerstandsfront Afghanistans in der Provinz Pandschir: "For the past four days, the Taliban has targeted Panjshir, attacking from several directions and engaging in fierce clashes with the resistance forces. It is the most serious challenge the Taliban has faced in the military campaign in which it swept across Afghanistan last month in a lightning strike that saw Kabul and 33 provincial capitals fall in 10 days. Both sides say they have inflicted heavy battlefield casualties and have claimed successes, and both are using social media to spread disinformation. (…) Despite the resistance's control of most of the province, it remains unclear whether it will gain traction or be swiftly crushed by a resurgent Taliban, whose forces on Thursday night appeared to be advancing into some parts of Panjshir."

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"World leaders and Taliban condemn attack near Kabul airport"

Claire Parker gibt einen Überblick über die internationalen Reaktionen auf den jüngsten Anschlag in Kabul: "The Taliban, Afghanistan's de facto ruler, said it launched an investigation of the attack. (…) European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen condemned the 'cowardly and inhuman attacks' on Twitter, adding that 'it is essential to do everything to ensure the safety of people at the airport.' (…) NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also expressed anger and sorrow. 'I strongly condemn the horrific terrorist attack outside #Kabul airport. My thoughts are with all those affected and their loved ones,' he said on Twitter. 'Our priority remains to evacuate as many people to safety as quickly as possible.'"

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"CIA Director William Burns held secret meeting in Kabul with Taliban leader Abdul Ghani Baradar"

CIA-Direktor William J. Burns sei für Verhandlungen mit der Taliban-Führung nach Kabul gereist, so John Hudson. "President Biden dispatched his top spy, a veteran of the Foreign Service and the most decorated diplomat in his Cabinet, amid a frantic effort to evacuate people from Kabul international airport in what Biden has called 'one of the largest, most difficult airlifts in history.' (...) The CIA declined to comment on the Taliban meeting, but the discussions are likely to have involved an impending Aug. 31 deadline for the U.S. military to conclude its airlift of U.S. citizens and Afghan allies."

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"Taliban sends hundreds of fighters to final province beyond its control"

Die Taliban hätten Hunderte von Kämpfern in die nördlichen Außenbezirke des Panjshir-Tals geschickt, bemerken Steve Hendrix, Susannah George, Haq Nawaz Khan und Rachel Pannett. "Panjshir has long been an anti-Taliban stronghold, and in recent weeks, opposition leaders there, along with officials from the fallen government, have been trying to marshal forces to hold off the Islamist militant group. The Taliban, having secured a grip on the rest of the country, has responded quickly, with the group's spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid saying in a statement Monday that resistance forces are 'surrounded.' He added that the Taliban wants to avoid further fighting and to 'resolve the issue peacefully through negotiations.'"

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"The mujahideen resistance to the Taliban begins now. But we need help."

Ahmad Massud, Anführer der Nationalen Widerstandsfront Afghanistans, schreibt in der Washington Post: "If Taliban warlords launch an assault, they will of course face staunch resistance from us. (…) Yet we know that our military forces and logistics will not be sufficient. They will be rapidly depleted unless our friends in the West can find a way to supply us without delay. (…) No matter what happens, my mujahideen fighters and I will defend Panjshir as the last bastion of Afghan freedom. (…) But we need more weapons, more ammunition and more supplies."

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"Opinion: Putin is destroying what is left of Russian civil society. Biden must keep the pressure on."

Das Editorial Board der Washington Post meint, die US-Regierung müsse im Zusammenhang mit der Vergiftung des russischen Oppositionellen Alexei Nawalny Sanktionen gegen Russland verhängen. "Russia used a chemical weapon to poison Mr. Navalny. President Biden is overdue in imposing mandatory sanctions for it. When Mr. Biden met with Mr. Putin in June, the American president raised Mr. Navalny's persecution and vowed to keep up the pressure, because 'that's what we are, that's who we are.' Mr. Biden pledged to 'stand up for the universal and fundamental freedoms that all men and women have, in our view.' Yet two months later, Mr. Putin's war on civil society grinds on."

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"A year after Beirut's blast, Macron's Lebanon gambit is a dud"

Im Libanon stehe der französische Präsident Emmanuel Macron nach großen Reformversprechen mit leeren Händen da, bemerkt Ishaan Tharoor. "Macron promised to help push through much-needed political and economic reforms. (...) But as Lebanon's self-appointed midwife, Macron has little to show months later. Cynicism surrounding his gambit set in swiftly. Observers mocked Macron as more popular in Beirut than in Paris, where he will face a stiff test to retain power in elections next year. The limits of his influence were already visible when Lebanon's political factions blazed by a mid-September deadline to form a new government."

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"China hosts Taliban leaders as U.S. withdraws troops from Afghanistan"

Chinas Außenminister Wang Yi habe eine hochrangige Delegation der Taliban empfangen, beobachtet Rebecca Tan. "According to a Foreign Ministry statement, Wang told Taliban leaders that America's 'hasty withdrawal' from Afghanistan is a mark of its policy failures in the country. China will not interfere in Afghanistan's internal affairs, he said, adding that the Taliban is expected to 'play an important role in the process of peace, reconciliation and reconstruction' of the country. The meeting comes as the Taliban have increasingly been reaching out to countries in the region, in the likely expectation that the movement will soon become a major player in the running of Afghanistan."

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"Human Rights Watch: Israeli war crimes apparent in Gaza war"

Bei der jüngsten Eskalation des Nahost-Konflikts im vergangenen Mai seien der Menschenrechtsorganisation Human Rights Watch zufolge sowohl auf israelischer als auch palästinensischer Seite mutmaßliche Kriegsverbrechen begangen worden, schreibt Josef Federman. "The international human rights organization issued its conclusions after investigating three Israeli airstrikes that it said killed 62 Palestinian civilians. It said 'there were no evident military targets in the vicinity' of the attacks. The report also accused Palestinian militants of apparent war crimes by launching over 4,000 unguided rockets and mortars at Israeli population centers. Such attacks, it said, violate 'the prohibition against deliberate or indiscriminate attacks against civilians.'"

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"Syria accuses Israel of carrying out strike, 2nd this week"

Syrien beschuldige Israel, einen Luftangriff in der Provinz Homs durchgeführt zu haben, informiert Albert Aji. "The aerial attack caused material damage, it said. The country's state news agency quoted an unidentified Syrian military official as saying the air defense systems shot down most of the missiles in the attack in the region of Quseir in Homs province. The report did not say what was targeted. There was no immediate comment from Israel on the Syrian report. (…) Late Monday, Syria reported an Israeli airstrike near northern Aleppo province, but did not elaborate."

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"What is the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, and why is it generating controversy?"

Sammy Westfall erklärt die Kontroverse um die Erdgaspipeline Nord Stream 2: "Though proponents of the pipeline, including Germany and Russia, see it as a great business deal providing cheaper, cleaner energy, Nord Stream 2 has drawn ire from many opponents. U.S. leaders and lawmakers - both Democratic and Republican - fear that the Baltic pipeline would give Russia too much power over European gas supplies, handing Russian President Vladimir Putin a wider market and geopolitical power at a politically precarious time."

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"The Cybersecurity 202: The Biden administration is stepping up the fight against ransomware"

Die Biden-Administration intensiviere ihre Bemühungen im Kampf gegen Cyberangriffe, erklären Joseph Marks und Aaron Schaffer. "Among the new initiatives is a new State Department program that's being announced today offering rewards of up to $10 million for information that helps halt or punish hackers that lock up computers at vital U.S. industries and hold them for ransom. It's an offshoot of a program called Rewards for Justice aimed at combating international terrorism - another sign the administration is increasingly treating ransomware as a top national security threat."

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"What to know about Haiti, where President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated"

Miriam Berger und Sammy Westfall skizzieren, welche Folgen die Ermordung von Präsident Jovenel Moïse für Haiti haben könnte: "There are still many unknowns about what the assassination will mean for Haiti. One pressing question is who will lead the country (…). At least three men had claimed to be head of government as of Tuesday, the AP reported. (…) Moïse's assassination also raised fears that street and gang violence could escalate with impunity."

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"'We need help': Haiti's interim leader requests US troops"

Die haitianische Übergangsregierung habe die USA und die Vereinten Nationen um militärische Unterstützung gebeten, beobachten Dánica Coto und Joshua Goodman. "Haiti's interim government has asked the U.S. and U.N. to deploy troops to protect key infrastructure as it tries to stabilize the country and prepare for elections in the aftermath of President Jovenel Moïse's assassination. (…) On Saturday, a senior Biden administration official said the U.S. has no plans to provide military assistance at this time. The administration will send senior FBI and Department of Homeland Security officials to Port-au-Prince on Sunday to assess the situation and how the U.S. may be able to assist, said the official, who wasn't authorized to comment publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity."

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"'Overdue': Biden sets Aug. 31 for US exit from Afghanistan"

Nach Aussage von US-Präsident Joe Biden werde der amerikanische Militäreinsatz in Afghanistan anders als ursprünglich angekündigt bereits am 31. August enden, bemerken Aamer Madhani und Zeke Miller. "Biden pushed back against the notion the U.S. mission has failed but also noted that it remains unlikely the government would control all of Afghanistan after the U.S. leaves. (…) 'We did not go to Afghanistan to nation build,' Biden said in a speech from the White House's East Room. (…) He added, 'I will not send another generation of Americans to war in Afghanistan, with no reasonable expectation of achieving a different outcome.' (…) Biden after taking office announced U.S. troops would be out by (…) the 20th anniversary of the Sept. 11, 2001, attack, which al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden plotted from Afghanistan, where he had been given refuge by the Taliban."

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"In Myanmar, the military and police declare war on medics"

Myanmarische Sicherheitskräfte gingen gezielt gegen medizinisches Personal vor, beobachten Kristen Gelineau und Victoria Milko. "Security forces are arresting, attacking and killing medical workers, dubbing them enemies of the state. With medics driven underground amid a global pandemic, the country's already fragile healthcare system is crumbling. (…) Myanmar is now one of the most dangerous places on earth for healthcare workers, with 240 attacks this year -- nearly half of the 508 globally tracked by the World Health Organization. (…) The military has issued arrest warrants for 400 doctors and 180 nurses, with photos of their faces plastered all over state media like 'Wanted' posters. They are charged with supporting and taking part in the 'civil disobedience' movement."

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