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US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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"Rockets apparently fired by an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia hit U.S. complex in Baghdad as tensions with Tehran rise"


Der Raketenangriff auf die US-Botschaft in Bagdad habe die Krise zwischen Washington und Teheran erneut verschärft, berichtet die Washington Post. Sollte der Tod eines US-Bürgers auf iranische Anweisungen zurückgeführt werden können, würde dies einen Militärschlag zur Folge haben, so die Warnung des US-Präsidenten. "(…) the president emphasized that any killing of an American that could be 'tied back to instructions from Iran' would spark an immediate U.S. response, the official said. The president was 'extraordinarily forceful,' the official said. If the Iranians kill Americans, the U.S. response will be swift and painful, the official said. Responding to accounts of the White House meeting, first reported by the New York Times, an Iranian government spokesman said Tuesday that any U.S. attack on Iran would bring a 'crushing' response."

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"Hong Kong ousts pro-democracy lawmakers as China quashes opposition"


Mit dem Entzug des Abgeordnetenmandats von vier pro-demokratischen Politikern in Hongkong habe Peking die politische Opposition in der Stadt praktisch eliminiert, berichten Shibani Mahtani und Theodora Yu. "Beijing’s directive, bypassing Hong Kong’s courts and political structures, underlined China’s tightening stranglehold on the financial center, whose autonomy it has curbed sharply this year despite a previous promise to allow the city to largely run its own affairs until 2047. Beijing’s intervention and the timing of the decision could also signal to President-elect Joe Biden that the ruling Communist Party has no intention of easing up on its crackdown on Hong Kong, a subject of bitter dispute between the United States and China."

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"As U.S. election hangs in balance, America’s allies, rivals and foes watch for what’s next"


Die Washington Post beschreibt, aus welch unterschiedlichen Interessen die US-Präsidentschaftswahl in vielen Ländern der Welt mit Spannung verfolgt worden ist. "As the U.S. presidential election map took shape — amid concerns about a possible drawn-out count in some states — the world was watching and weighing what could come next for U.S. foreign policy toward allies in Europe, rivals such as China and Russia, and outright foes such as Iran."

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"When America decided to rule the world"


Ishaan Tharoor hat sich mit dem Historiker Stephen Wertheim unterhalten, der in seinem neuen Buch "Tomorrow, the World" darlegt, warum sich die US-Eliten lange vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entschlossen hätten, die globale Führungsrolle zu übernehmen. "The United States had superpower status thrust upon it, the conventional view holds. Amid the collapse of European empires and the global threats of Nazism and Stalinism, America emerged as the liberal leviathan on the world stage, turning the tide of World War II and rebuilding the international order. It dominated new institutions such as the United Nations and enforced its authority for decades with an unrivaled military footprint spanning much of the globe. But this wasn’t simply a matter of fateful circumstance. In his new book, 'Tomorrow, the World,' historian Stephen Wertheim argues that U.S. primacy was a 'conscious decision' made by Washington elites well before World War II."

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"Our secret Taliban air force"


Das US-Militär unterstützt die Taliban diesem Bericht der Washington Post zufolge bei Operationen gegen den "Islamischen Staat" in Afghanistan mit Luftangriffen. "(…) even as its warplanes have struck the Taliban in other parts of Afghanistan, the U.S. military has been quietly helping the Taliban to weaken the Islamic State in its Konar stronghold and keep more of the country from falling into the hands of the group, which — unlike the Taliban — the United States views as an international terrorist organization with aspirations to strike America and Europe. Remarkably, it can do so without needing to communicate with the Taliban, by observing battle conditions and listening in on the group."

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"France and Germany to propose sanctions on Russia after Navalny poisoning"


Deutschland und Frankreich wollen der EU Sanktionen gegen mutmaßlich verantwortliche Russen wegen der Vergiftung des russischen Oppositionellen Alexei Navalny vorschlagen. "France and Germany will propose sanctions on individuals they deem responsible for the poisoning of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, their governments said Wednesday, reiterating that they suspect a Kremlin involvement. Proposals forwarded to European Union partners will also target an entity involved in the Novichok program, a joint statement from the French and German foreign ministries said. Navalny has been recovering in Berlin after falling ill from the nerve agent in Russia on Aug. 20, spending weeks in a coma. The statement did not give further specifics on the possible targets for sanctions. Moscow has dismissed claims of its involvement as 'baseless' and has declined to investigate the incident, citing a lack of evidence."

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"Democracies are backsliding amid the coronavirus pandemic"


Eine neue Studie der Organisation Freedom House hat festgestellt, dass Demokratie und Menschenrechte seit dem Ausbruch der Corona-Pandemie in mindestens 80 von 192 untersuchten Staaten unter Druck geraten seien. "The report is based on an anonymous online survey of 398 experts and the work of Freedom House’s own analysts. It presents a troubling paradox: The pandemic has made the case for political participation more urgent, while at the same time disrupting democratic institutions that enable that participation. (…) The problem is acute in developing nations or countries where democracy was already under threat. As a respondent to the Freedom House survey said of Turkey, the pandemic 'was used as an excuse for the already oppressive government to do things that it has long planned to do, but had not been able to.' In countries such as Egypt, Zimbabwe and Cambodia, governments were reported to be using emergency powers to crack down on political opposition."

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"U.S. push for Sudan to recognize Israel falters — and puts Khartoum in a tight spot"


Der Versuch der US-Regierung, Sudan zur diplomatischen Anerkennung Israels zu bewegen, ist der Washington Post zufolge vorerst gescheitert. "Last week, U.S. officials held talks with Sudan in the hopes of adding it to a growing list of countries that have normalized relations with Israel, in what the Trump administration has billed as part of its Middle East peace process. But negotiations with Sudan have stalled, putting on hold the pre-election momentum of the administration’s earlier diplomatic successes. Sudan had been working for more than a year toward getting removed from the United States’ list of state sponsors of terrorism, which has blocked the country’s access to the international banking system for nearly three decades. At last week’s talks in Abu Dhabi, U.S. officials presented normalization of ties with Israel as part of a new route to getting off that list."

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"Shadow politicians, clerics and Soviet-era fighters: The Taliban’s team negotiating peace"


Der Großteil der Taliban-Vertreter, die gegenwärtig mit der afghanischen Regierung verhandeln, stamme aus der "Alten Garde", berichtet die Washington Post. "The Taliban negotiating team that will determine the future of Afghanistan in talks with the Afghan government comprises 21 men, most with graying beards and biographies that date back to the fight against the Soviet Union. Nearly all of the negotiators are pulled from the organization’s old guard, and many served in the militant group’s shadow government, which expanded as the Taliban’s territorial control and influence grew. Several are known for links to deadly attacks, including on civilians; others are essentially unknown outside the group. The talks, which began this month in Doha but have stalled as the two sides wrangle over ground rules, are expected to be wide-ranging: Whether the country remains a democracy, who controls security and whose rights are protected are all up for negotiation."

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"Trump turns his 'maximum pressure' campaign on Iraq"


Mit der Drohung eines Rückzugs aus der US-Botschaft in Bagdad habe Präsident Trump seine Diplomatie des maximalen Drucks nun auch gegen den Irak in Stellung gebracht, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor. Es könnte eine Bombenkampagne gegen die von Teheran unterstützten schiitischen Milizen im Land folgen. "Pompeo may hope that the prospect of such action will compel a fragile Iraqi government to take tougher measures against the militias on their own. 'Pompeo’s demand creates a stark dilemma for Iraq’s new prime minister, Mustafa al-Kadhimi, who until now had been a Trump administration favorite. The Iraqi leader wants to curb Iran’s proxy forces, but not at the cost of committing political suicide,' wrote Post columnist David Ignatius, referring to the complexity of Iraq’s multi-sect politics. 'If Pompeo follows through and closes the embassy to protect Americans, Iran and its allies might claim a major propaganda victory; but the closure could also be a prelude to heavy U.S. airstrikes against the militias.'"

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"U.S. criticism of European mission to Venezuela shows growing divide over Maduro"


Zwischen der EU und den USA gibt es einen Streit über den Umgang mit der Maduro-Regierung in Venezuela. "The Trump administration on Sunday accused the European Union of undermining its efforts to isolate authoritarian Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, denouncing the bloc’s top diplomat for dispatching a mission to Caracas without consulting with Washington. The dispute suggested a growing divide across the Atlantic over how to handle Venezuela’s socialist government. The Europeans have tended to see Washington’s hard line position as harsh and ineffective. Washington has viewed Brussels as too willing to deal with Maduro. 'This will make relations with the E.U. bureaucracy more difficult,' Elliott Abrams, the U.S. special representative on Venezuela, told The Washington Post Sunday."

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"Belarusian-style revolution means cleaning up after protests and stopping for red lights"


Die Demonstrationen in Belarus laufen Isabelle Khurshudyan zufolge bisher mit bemerkenswerter Friedfertigkeit und einem ungewöhnlichen Ordnungssinn ab. Einige Experten glauben, dass dies einem Erfolg der Proteste eher entgegenstehe. "Streets are pristine even after mass demonstrations. Protesters have been seen taking off their shoes before standing on public benches, not wanting to dirty them. If traffic isn’t blocked off as a crowd of thousands is marching down a road, it will still stop and obey a red light. But that could be changing. With Lukashenko’s government and the opposition mired in a stalemate, some Belarusians have started to warm to a view expressed in an Atlantic Council commentary last month that 'the Belarus revolution may be too velvet to succeed.' 'Someone wrote a good tweet that they saw some protesters walking through the red light, which means we’ll definitely win — that our brains are catching on that sometimes you can walk on a red light,' Daneyko said. 'For many people here, crossing on a red light or walking in bike lanes, it’s a big achievement. It’s as if you’ve already broken this system."

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"U.S. scrambles to do nuclear deal with Russia before election, issuing ultimatum"


Die US-Regierung will einen erfolgreichen Abschluss der New-Start-Verhandlungen mit Russland vor den US-Wahlen im November der Washington Post zufolge mit einem Ultimatum erzwingen. "Frustration is mounting inside the Trump administration as Russia gives little indication of whether it will agree to an arms control deal before President Trump faces reelection, according to senior U.S. administration officials, who are trying to secure the deal. (…) The administration’s scramble to cut a deal with Russia before the election comes as the president’s top diplomats have been rushing to secure diplomatic achievements as U.S. voters begin going to the polls. (…) The 'price of admission' for Russia to secure the deal with the United States will go up if the Kremlin doesn’t agree to terms before the U.S. presidential election, Billingslea warned in an interview Monday with the Russian newspaper Kommersant. Billingslea said the United States would insist on 'a number of new conditions' if Russia waits until after the election to decide and Trump wins."

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"With the Charlie Hebdo trial underway, does 'Je suis Charlie' still resonate in France?"


James McAuley schreibt anlässlich des laufenden Verfahrens gegen mutmaßliche Mittäter des Terroranschlags auf das Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo, dass es fünf Jahre später gerade unter jungen Franzosen weniger "Toleranz" für das satirische Anliegen des Magazins gebe. "While opinion surveys suggest a majority in France still back the project of Charlie Hebdo, among younger generations there is less tolerance for claims of secularism or free expression as a cover for Islamophobia. And, in the meantime, Charlie Hebdo as an institution has undergone something of a transformation in the years after the attack. Charlie may no longer be quite what it was, the irreverent stalwart of the newsstands. What the trial has revealed is how the attack converted a world-famous satire machine that once eschewed all ideologies into a national symbol seemingly committed to advancing a dogma of its own."

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"The mirage of Trump’s 'peace' deals"


Nach Ansicht von Ishaan Tharoor sollten die am Dienstag in Washington unterzeichneten Abkommen der VAE und Bahrains mit Israel nicht als "Friedensverträge" bezeichnet werden. "The two big deals trumpeted by the White House this month are not the victories for 'peace' that Trump claims they are. Start with the main event this week: Both the UAE and Bahrain already communicate and engage with Israel, and the three countries were not locked in anything close to conflict. 'The UAE-Israel strategic relationship was fueled by mutual fears of Iran and formalized by the United States,' Karim Sadjadpour, a Middle East analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told my colleagues. 'It’s an example of Trump slapping his name on a hotel that was essentially already built.'"

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"Shots fired on the India-China border for the first time in decades as tensions flare"


Bei einem neuen Zwischenfall an der Grenze zwischen Indien und China sind zum ersten Mal seit Jahrzehnten Schüsse gefallen. "India and China accused each other Tuesday of firing warning shots during a confrontation the day before at their disputed border in a marked escalation of tensions between the two nuclear-armed neighbors. It was the first time in decades that both sides said shots were fired at the frontier, where long-standing, mutual protocols prohibit the use of firearms. Such protocols did not prevent the two countries from engaging in their deadliest violence in more than 50 years in June, when Chinese soldiers armed with clubs studded with nails and metal rods clashed with Indian troops in a remote area of the western Himalayas."

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"Why vaccine nationalism is winning"


Trotz einer internationalen Initiative zur Entwicklung und fairen Verteilung eines Coronavirus-Impfstoffes scheine der "Impfstoff-Nationalismus" zu gewinnen, stellt Adam Taylor fest. Dies treffe nicht nur auf die USA zu. "It’s worth considering why vaccine nationalism seems to be winning. Cooperative, international efforts are not famous for finding speedy solutions. Some countries probably reason that they could join Covax later if it succeeds. And if a country develops a working vaccine domestically or preemptively buys up millions of doses, it gets first access. For some wealthy nations, the benefits outweigh the risks or moral problems. (…) If a country can develop a vaccine, it also has the opportunity to distribute it. For China, the initial epicenter of the pandemic, it would be a chance to restore global standing. The same could be argued for Russia and the United States, both run by leaders who are unpopular globally."

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"Libya’s warring sides again declare a cease-fire. Will it last this time?"


Nach Ansicht von Sudarsan Raghavan wird abzuwarten sein, ob der neue Waffenstillstand in Libyen länger hält als frühere Versuche. Es sei zumindest ermutigend, dass sowohl die Türkei als auch Ägypten die Erklärungen beider Konfliktparteien begrüßt hätten. "'The two initiatives have created hope for forging a peaceful political solution to the long-standing Libyan crisis, a solution that will affirm the desire of the Libyan people to live in peace and dignity,' said Stephanie Williams, acting head of the U.N. mission in Libya. The U.S. Embassy also welcomed the cease-fire agreement, calling it 'an important step to all Libyans,' as did European powers such as Germany and Italy. Perhaps most significantly, Egypt and Turkey welcomed the decision. Both nations have militarily supported rival sides, raising concerns in recent weeks that two U.S. allies could end up fighting each other in Libya. (…) The cease-fire agreement comes after more than a year of chaos and insecurity that have transformed Libya into a global battleground."

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"The first coup d’etat of the coronavirus era"


Adam Taylor bezeichnet den Militärputsch in Mali als ersten Umsturz der "Coronavirus-Ära" und erwartet, dass weitere folgen werden. "The seeds of Mali’s coup were planted years before the virus’s spread. (…) But the pandemic added fuel to political and economic turmoil. Keïta’s government had moved ahead with plans for a parliamentary election in March despite a strict, virus-mandated lockdown. And the kidnapping and subsequent disappearance of the main opposition leader, Soumaila Cisse, remained unresolved. (…) Lockdown restrictions first imposed in March led to further economic devastation in what was already one of the poorest countries in the world. (…) Mali’s coronavirus coup could also provide harsh lessons for other nations in political turmoil. The pandemic has exposed the inequalities of societies and the failure of governments. But if it has made it easier to tear down the corrupt regimes of old, it still isn’t any easier to put something new in their place."

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"Colombian guerrillas are using coronavirus curfews to expand their control. Violators have been killed."


In Kolumbien setzen linksradikale Guerillas, rechte Paramilitärs und Drogenkartelle die in der Coronakrise ausgerufenen Ausgangssperren in einigen Städten auch gewaltsam durch, berichten Megan Janetsky und Anthony Faiola. "Armed groups in this violence-fraught nation of 50 million are imposing new levels of control during the coronavirus outbreak, and enforcing some of the strictest lockdown measures in the world — with harsh penalties for violators. In the port city of Tumaco, a narco-trafficking hub in the Colombian southwest, guerrillas posted pamphlets declaring all curfew violators 'military targets.' In a warning to all, a medical transport responding to a call after curfew was torched in early May, its driver and patient killed. (…) Human rights groups, community leaders and government officials say a toxic slate of leftist guerrillas, right-wing paramilitaries and drug cartels are using the outbreak to consolidate control over parts of a country still reeling from the aftermath of five decades of armed conflict. The increasingly violent competition shows the power of the pandemic to deepen preexisting societal challenges and loosen the grip of government in fragile states."

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"The U.S. and Russia have a rare opportunity to work together on a peace deal"


Der aktuelle Konflikt zwischen Armenien und Aserbaidschan biete den USA und Russland eine seltene Gelegenheit zur Zusammenarbeit, meint David Ignatius. Die Einmischung der Türkei habe eine diplomatische Lösung der Krise allerdings erschwert. "This little-noticed development involves the long-frozen standoff between Armenia and Azerbaijan, a feud with roots in ethnic and territorial disputes which this month became a hot war with barrages of artillery across the border. That yielded a rare convergence of interest between Russia and the United States, two of the co-chairs of the Minsk Group, which has been seeking a settlement of the conflict. What complicates this difficult diplomacy further is that it involves Turkey, the pugnacious regional power that has become a headache for both Moscow and Washington. (…) As tempting at it might be to encourage more Russian-Turkish feuding, a better idea would be a diplomatic engagement through the Minsk Group co-chair framework. It’s the one significant diplomatic arena where Moscow and Washington still actively collaborate. Armenian and Azerbaijani officials seem eager for such great-power mediation."

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"The future of the Internet could be Chinese and authoritarian, a Senate Foreign Relations report warns"


Ein neuer Bericht des US-Senats warnt, dass das Internet künftig von China kontrolliert werden könnte. "China will write the rules of the Internet unless the United States and its allies counter Beijing's efforts at mass surveillance and censorship, according to a report released Tuesday by the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The report, which comes as the Trump administration considers a ban on Chinese-owned apps like the video-sharing app TikTok and after Britain barred Huawei from its 5G networks, underscores a growing shift in the Western world away from Chinese technology amid concerns about mounting privacy and security risks. (…) The report details how China has sought to 'create a new model of governance for the digital domain,' through mass surveillance technology and controlling access to information and content. American social media platforms like Google, Twitter and Facebook are banned inside China. The report also details how China has invested in technology that aids authoritarianism, such as facial recognition software and other surveillance technology. This technology is now being exported to countries around the world, such as Venezuela, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe and others."

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"Libya’s war becomes a global scramble for power and prestige"


Libyen sei heute Schauplatz eines globalen Wettstreits um Macht und Prestige, stellt Ishaan Tharoor fest. Die Türkei sei bisher der größte Gewinner dieses Kampfes. "But much still hangs in the balance. On Monday, Egypt’s parliament rubber-stamped a motion authorizing the deployment of troops outside its borders, a move that could possibly lead to Egyptian personnel entering eastern Libya to aid Hifter’s forces. The Libyan warlord is also backed by the Emiratis, the Russians and, to a lesser extent, France. While some of these governments have grown frustrated with Hifter’s bloody-minded pursuit of a military victory, Egypt’s dictatorial President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi seems keen on entering the fray against Turkey’s allies. (…) The United States, meanwhile, has chosen to take a back seat. 'First and foremost, this is a European problem,' said a senior State Department official, who spoke to my colleagues on the condition of anonymity. The official, who was not authorized to speak publicly, added in blunt terms that what is happening now 'is enormously complex, the Syrianization of Libya.'"

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"U.S. remains on the sidelines in Libya’s conflict as Russia extends its reach"


Der Konflikt in Libyen werde zunehmend von Söldnern bestimmt, die den Krieg als ökonomische Gelegenheit wahrnehmen, berichten Missy Ryan und Sudarsan Raghavan. Die USA hätten auf diese Entwicklung kaum noch Einfluss. "The U.S. position on the margins of the conflict — complicated by uncertainty about which side Washington supports — takes on new significance as Russia, Turkey and now possibly Egypt pour weapons and fighters into a combustible battle. 'The U.S. is essentially out of the game. The Libyans are unable to make their own decisions, entirely dependent on foreign actors,' a Western diplomat said. 'There is total drift.' Libya in recent months has become a free-for-all for regional and European powers, many of them American allies that have stepped into the security and political vacuum in support of rival governments. A divide is now also growing among NATO nations, while mercenaries from Russia, Syria and sub-Saharan Africa rush in, sensing economic opportunity."

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"What’s behind Russia’s growing ties with the Taliban"


Russland betrachte die Taliban als wichtigen politischen Akteur und habe die Beziehungen zu der Gruppe in den vergangenen Jahren deshalb intensiviert, berichtet Robyn Dixon. "London-based security analyst Mark Galeotti says Russia sees Afghanistan as key to its security. 'What happens in Afghanistan matters to' Russia, he said. 'Obviously, everything from the massive flow of heroin — remember, Russia has the highest per capita consumption rate of heroin. They’re also worried about the spread of radical Islam into Central Asian states.' (…) Russia believes the Taliban will control large parts of Afghanistan going forward and has on multiple occasions invited its representatives and other senior Afghan figures to Moscow for talks to try to kindle a peace dialogue. Kabulov said in 2015 that Russia had opened communication channels with the Taliban. 'The Taliban’s interests objectively coincide with ours,' he said, noting that the Taliban did not recognize the Islamic State. 'There is no doubt that the Islamic State is training militants from Russia in Afghanistan as part of its efforts to expand into Central Asia.'"

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"For Israel, annexation is saying the quiet part loud"


Ishaan Tharoor erklärt, warum selbst einige Verbündete und Freunde Israels die Annexionspläne für das Westjordanland kritisch beurteilen. "Most of Washington’s foreign policy community recognizes the risks of the moment. 'A cost-benefit analysis argues for preserving the status quo,' wrote Robert Satloff, executive director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 'Israel already enjoys complete security control over the West Bank, its civil law already governs its citizens living there, and it has largely succeeded in normalizing the international community to continued growth in settlement activity. Most relevant actors — the Palestinian Authority, many Arab states, key European capitals, UN Security Council members, and the United States — have reconciled themselves to this reality and do not actively oppose it.' In other words, Netanyahu could endanger the paramount control Israel already maintains over the Palestinian territories, as well as the relative international quiescence over its actions there, including its expansion of settlements over the past couple of decades."

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"The appeal of ISIS fades among Europeans who returned home from Syria"


Die nach der Rückkehr vieler IS-Kämpfer in ihre europäischen Heimatländer befürchtete Gewaltwelle habe sich bisher nicht eingestellt, stellen Souad Mekhennet und Joby Warrick fest. Viele ehemalige IS-Anhänger seien angesichts ihrer Erfahrungen ernüchtert und wollten mit der Terrormiliz nichts mehr zu tun haben. "(…) scholarly studies are beginning to confirm what some law enforcement officials had observed privately: Despite initial fears, an overwhelming majority of the returnees appear to be shunning extremist causes so far, and many avowedly reject the Islamic State and its violent tactics. 'A number of signs point to disillusionment among returning fighters and released offenders,' said Thomas Renard, a Belgian terrorism researcher and author of a forthcoming study on prison radicalization. 'They don’t seem to be reconnecting to their previous networks or returning to violent extremist activities. We are seeing reports from the security services that confirm this.' The trend, if it continues, is genuinely good news for a region that experienced a string of deadly bombings and shootings by Islamic State supporters beginning in 2015. Officials say there have been no Islamic State-directed attacks on European soil since 2017, and the number of overall incidents linked to Islamist groups, including 'lone-wolf' attacks, has fallen sharply."

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"Can Libya be saved from partition?"


Der Bürgerkrieg in Libyen sei nach der Abwehr der Offensive der LNA-Truppen unter General Haftar in eine entscheidende Phase getreten, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor. Allerdings handle es sich mittlerweile um einen Stellvertreterkrieg, der von den ausländischen Akteuren als Nullsummenspiel betrachtet werde. "Karim Mezran of the Atlantic Council warned during a webinar last month that without real international will to forge a meaningful peace, Libya’s de facto 'partition becomes a fact.' That’s not a pleasant scenario. 'It is more likely to resemble the messy secession of Sudan’s southern region, creating South Sudan,' wrote Ted Galen Carpenter of the libertarian Cato Institute in Washington. 'Quarrels over control of Libya’s oil production between independent eastern and western Libyan states may be enough by themselves to cause serious continuing tensions.' U.N. officials and international diplomats hope this won’t come to pass. Mezran added that coercing Libya’s warring parties into finding a political solution will take real 'diplomatic power,' including from the United States."

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"Citizen patrols organize across Minneapolis as confidence in the police force plummets"


Der Stadtrat von Minneapolis plant nach den Protesten gegen den Tod des Afroamerikaners George Floyd, die lokale Polizeibehörde aufzulösen. Jared Goyette berichtet, dass das mangelnde Vertrauen in die Polizei bereits jetzt zur Bildung bewaffneter Bürgermilizen führe. "Across Minneapolis, community-organized citizen patrols have sprung up in recent weeks as confidence in the Minneapolis Police Department has plummeted. Distrust in the agency had been building for years, and now, with emergency responders focused on riots and looting in the hardest-hit part of the city and with the police department’s own 3rd Precinct set ablaze, some residents worry that their neighborhoods have been left vulnerable. (…) The Freedom Riders do face challenges. Some volunteers worry that it will be hard to sustain turnout through the summer, with many people working during the day and guarding their neighborhoods at night. And the guns are clearly visible: Cars approaching the intersection near Sammy’s were greeted by the sight of men holding rifles, shotguns and handguns."

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"U.S. rivals seize on protest crackdowns to turn tables on human rights criticism"


Internationale Rivalen der USA nutzen das zum Teil harte Vorgehen von Polizeibehörden in den USA gegen die aktuellen Proteste Siobhán O'Grady zufolge, um der US-Regierung "Doppelstandards" vorzuwerfen. "When massive protests broke out in Hong Kong last year over a contentious extradition bill, part of a pattern of Chinese encroachment on the semiautonomous city, senior U.S. officials including President Trump and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued calls for security forces and Beijing to respect the rights of protesters and listen to their demands. Less than a year later, with the world’s attention captured by images of U.S. authorities using tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets to crack down on protesters against racism and police brutality, China and other U.S. rivals have seized the opportunity to highlight U.S. domestic turbulence and accuse Washington of hewing to double standards. (…) Authoritarian governments elsewhere that have faced U.S. criticism are also using the protests as an opportunity to turn the tables on the United States. Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, who faces allegations of widespread human rights abuses, posted on social media this week that he was 'watching with horror the situation in the United States, where the authorities are maliciously violating ordinary citizens’ rights,' the Moscow Times reported."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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