US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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09.04.2021

"Iraq's anti-American militias aren't just Iranian proxies. That helps explain their troubles."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/iraq-militias-iran-proxies/2021/04/09/9867b9a4-6a1d-11eb
-a66e-e27046e9e898_story.html

Louisa Loveluck und Mustafa Salim geben einen Einblick in die Entwicklung und Strukturen irakischer Milizen: "(…) (W)hile some U.S. officials have viewed the militias as little more than proxies in a campaign to extend Iran's regional influence, these groups are often deeply embedded in the fabric of Iraqi society, having emerged out of its own turbulent history. Some have roots that date back decades. (…) Today, the militias are economic powerhouses and enforcers of the political regime. They are marbled throughout the country's ruling institutions, and when mass protests erupted against the government in October 2019, Iran-backed armed groups quashed them with deadly force. Human rights groups have frequently accused them of abuses."

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08.04.2021

"The most pessimistic article I have read in 2021"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2021/04/08/most-pessimistic-article-i-have-read-2021/

Daniel Drezner erörtert den Foreign Affairs-Artikel "The New Concert of Powers" von Richard Haass und Charles Kupchan. Das Essay sei deprimierend, weil es akkurat den Zustand der Weltpolitik beschreibe. Den Vorschlag, ein sogenanntes Großmächtekonzert – eine informelle Steuerungsgruppe der einflussreichsten Länder der Welt – zu schaffen, hält Drezner für unrealistisch. "Mostly, the problem with this proposal is that there is not enough of an incentive for any of the actors to participate. The 19th-century Concert of Europe was a self-sustaining project because it offered tangible spheres of influence to the participating states; Haass and Kupchan explicitly reject that idea for their 21st-century version. Other forms of connective tissue - trade relations, cooperation against common threats - are trending in a negative direction. And the distribution of power remains too contested and uncertain for the salient actors to agree to such an arrangement."

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26.02.2021

"Opinion: America is becoming more imperial than many empires were. That’s a mistake."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/america-is-becoming-more-imperial-than-many-empires-were-thats-a-
mistake/2021/02/25/ab1259b4-77ac-11eb-8115-9ad5e9c02117_story.html

Ein Bedürfnis nach Sicherheit sei grundsätzlich nachvollziehbar, findet Fareed Zakaria. In einer Demokratie müsse sich dieses jedoch mit den Bedürfnissen nach Offenheit und Zugänglichkeit die Balance halten. In der aktuellen US-amerikanischen Politik fehle solch ein Gleichgewicht. "The way American politics works today, you are rewarded only for advocating more security. (…) This hyper-securitization is part of what the scholar Paul Light calls the 'thickening' of government, the adding of layers and layers of hierarchy and more procedures - which creates a more closed, bureaucratic and inflexible organization. (…) If you are trying to understand why America performs so poorly in situations such as the pandemic and is also so distrusted by its citizens, this might be a crucial part of the answer. The U.S. government now resembles a dinosaur - a large, lumbering beast with much body and little brain, increasingly well-protected but distant from ordinary people and unresponsive to the real challenges that confront the nation."

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18.02.2021

"Release of intelligence report on Khashoggi killing could push already strained U.S.-Saudi relations to new lows"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/khashoggi-intelligence-release-mbs-ordered-killing/2021/
02/18/d46ee2c6-71e1-11eb-85fa-e0ccb3660358_story.html

Die Biden-Administration werde in der kommenden Woche einen Geheimdienstbericht veröffentlichen, der die Beteiligung des saudischen Kronprinzen Mohammed bin Salman am Mord des Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi bestätige, informiert Karen DeYoung. Der Bericht könne das ohnehin angespannte Verhältnis zwischen Washington und Riad auf einen neuen Tiefpunkt bringen. "'I think it's going to put Biden on the spot,' said David Ottaway, a longtime Saudi expert at the Wilson Center. 'He's going to have to define what his relationship is going to be with the leadership, and what steps he's going to take in response. (…) There are so many things weighing on the relationship, and I feel it's going further south,' Ottaway said."

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15.02.2021

"Civilian contractor killed, U.S. service member wounded in Iraq attack"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/iraq-irbil-rocket-attack/2021/02/15/2ab13236-6fd7-11eb-9
3be-c10813e358a2_story.html

Bei einem Raketenangriff auf einen US-Stützpunkt in der irakischen Stadt Erbil wurden ein Zivilist getötet und sechs Personen verletzt, berichtet Mustafa Salim. "A previously obscure militia that called itself the Guardians of Blood Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack. In a message posted to Telegram, the group said it had launched 24 rockets targeting 'the American occupation.'"

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03.02.2021

"STALKING ISIS"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/02/03/iraq-isis-american-troops-counterterrorism/

Louisa Loveluck und Mustafa Salim geben einen Einblick in eine nächtliche Operation irakischer Spezialeinheiten gegen IS-Kämpfer in Fallujah: "Minutes passed, and the soldiers readied their guns. Then finally, the order came: 'He's at the location. Now move.' Engines revved, the vehicles lurched forward, and suddenly they were coursing through the night toward an uncertain objective". Solche Operationen seien seit dem Rückzug der USA aus dem Irak "the new face of the fight against the Islamic State. (…) Three years after Iraq announced it had defeated the Islamic State, security officials estimate that there are still several thousand militants in the country. For the most part, they are lying low (…). But the group is still capable of carnage."

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26.01.2021

"The tragic legacy of the Arab Spring"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/01/26/arab-spring-lessons-anniversary/

Auch Ishaan Tharoor hat sich mit dem "tragischen Erbe" des Arabischen Frühlings beschäftigt. "Analysts recall the optimistic days of 2011 as if peering back at a vanished world. 'It’s been a lost decade,' said Tarik Yousef, director of the Brookings Doha Center, to Sly. 'Now, we have the return of fear and intimidation. The region has experienced setbacks at every turn.' The uprisings were waged in the streets and also streamed on Facebook and Twitter. They seemed to represent a dramatic turning point in history, the sudden collapse of regimes and political systems few expected to be so fragile. But the years since showed how much of the prevailing order endured."

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22.01.2021

"Biden administration to seek five-year extension on key nuclear arms treaty in first foray with Russia"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/biden-russia-nuclear-treaty-extension/2021/01/21/4667a11
e-5b40-11eb-aaad-93988621dd28_story.html

US-Präsident Biden will Russland offenbar eine Verlängerung des Abrüstungsvertrags "New Start" um fünf Jahre anbieten. "At the same time, his administration is preparing to impose new costs on Russia pending a newly requested intelligence assessment of its recent activities. The officials said Biden is ruling out a 'reset' in bilateral relations with Moscow as many U.S. presidents have done since the end of the Cold War. (…) The decision to seek a five-year treaty extension, which Russia supports but the Biden administration hadn’t settled on until now, reflects the rapidly approaching deadline for Washington to renew the New START pact Feb. 5, the officials said. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Friday that Russia 'welcomes the political will' for a New START extension from the Biden administration, but needs more time to study the details of Washington’s proposal, adding that the previous conditions put forward by former president Donald Trump’s team 'absolutely did not suit us.'"

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18.01.2021

"Biden would do the world a favor by keeping Trump's China policy"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2021/01/18/mcmaster-biden-trump-china/

Herbert Raymond McMaster rät der Biden-Administration zur Beibehaltung von Präsident Trumps Chinapolitik. Vor dem Hintergrund des aggressiven Auftretens Chinas auf der politischen Weltbühne sei eine Fortsetzung der Strategie der "transparent competition" unerlässlich. "The Biden administration should be confident in the free world's ability to compete effectively with the CCP and its authoritarian, mercantilist model. In the past year, the United States has been sorely tested by pandemic, recession, social division and political strife, but our republic has proved resilient. It is up to the task of working with partners to defend the free world from Chinese Communist Party aggression."

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13.01.2021

"Trump and Pompeo’s campaign of 'diplomatic vandalism'"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/01/13/trump-cuba-yemen-challenge-biden/

Ishaan Tharoor wirft der scheidenden Trump-Regierung vor, den Amtsantritt der Biden-Administration mit ihrem "diplomatischen Vandalismus" gezielt zu erschweren. "With a week left in power, President Trump and his remaining allies aren’t going gently into the night. In Washington, new impeachment proceedings provoked by Trump’s efforts to overturn President-elect Joe Biden’s election victory add to a growing thicket of urgent legislation awaiting Trump’s successor once he takes office. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has spent recent days planting political land mines for a Biden administration keen to change course on Trump’s foreign policy."

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15.12.2020

"Biden’s foreign policy team is full of idealists who keep getting people killed"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/12/15/biden-foreign-policy-interventionism-war/

Robert Wright fürchtet, dass Joe Biden sein außenpolitisches Team mit "progressiven Idealisten" ohne jegliche "strategische Bescheidenheit" besetzt habe. "Progressive realists believe that the pursuit of humankind’s long-term welfare has to be governed by principle and restraint if it is to succeed; our good intentions have to be disciplined, guided by the imperative of building a true global community. Progressive idealists — the people who ran Obama’s foreign policy and will be running Biden’s — say that they, too, want to build a global community. But they’ve got a funny way of showing it."

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08.12.2020

"Behind the Taliban’s ties to al-Qaeda: A shared ideology and decades of battlefield support"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/taliban-al-qaeda-afghanistan/2020/12/07/79d4bddc-3414-1
1eb-9699-00d311f13d2d_story.html

Susannah George erklärt die Hintergründe der Beobachtern zufolge nach wie vor engen Beziehungen der Taliban zur Al-Qaida in Afghanistan. "Since the signing of the U.S.-Taliban deal, al-Qaeda has become more active in Afghanistan, communicating more frequently with Taliban leaders and traveling around the country to rally support among sympathetic local Taliban leadership, according to an Afghan security official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue. The ongoing coordination is a reflection of the deep bonds that were forged decades ago over a shared ultrareligious Islamist ideology and al-Qaeda’s early support for a fledgling Taliban. 'It’s a bond that cannot be broken,' [Abdul Salam Hanafi, a former Taliban governor who left the group in 2001 but remains in contact with several senior leaders,] said."

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18.11.2020

"Rockets apparently fired by an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia hit U.S. complex in Baghdad as tensions with Tehran rise"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/us-iran-tensions-rise/2020/11/17/be2ac5d4-291b-11eb-9b14
-ad872157ebc9_story.html

Der Raketenangriff auf die US-Botschaft in Bagdad habe die Krise zwischen Washington und Teheran erneut verschärft, berichtet die Washington Post. Sollte der Tod eines US-Bürgers auf iranische Anweisungen zurückgeführt werden können, würde dies einen Militärschlag zur Folge haben, so die Warnung des US-Präsidenten. "(…) the president emphasized that any killing of an American that could be 'tied back to instructions from Iran' would spark an immediate U.S. response, the official said. The president was 'extraordinarily forceful,' the official said. If the Iranians kill Americans, the U.S. response will be swift and painful, the official said. Responding to accounts of the White House meeting, first reported by the New York Times, an Iranian government spokesman said Tuesday that any U.S. attack on Iran would bring a 'crushing' response."

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11.11.2020

"Hong Kong ousts pro-democracy lawmakers as China quashes opposition"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/hongkong-china-lawmakers-disqualified/2020/11/11/d3c29b
ca-23de-11eb-9c4a-0dc6242c4814_story.html

Mit dem Entzug des Abgeordnetenmandats von vier pro-demokratischen Politikern in Hongkong habe Peking die politische Opposition in der Stadt praktisch eliminiert, berichten Shibani Mahtani und Theodora Yu. "Beijing’s directive, bypassing Hong Kong’s courts and political structures, underlined China’s tightening stranglehold on the financial center, whose autonomy it has curbed sharply this year despite a previous promise to allow the city to largely run its own affairs until 2047. Beijing’s intervention and the timing of the decision could also signal to President-elect Joe Biden that the ruling Communist Party has no intention of easing up on its crackdown on Hong Kong, a subject of bitter dispute between the United States and China."

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04.11.2020

"As U.S. election hangs in balance, America’s allies, rivals and foes watch for what’s next"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/11/03/world-reaction-us-election-2020/

Die Washington Post beschreibt, aus welch unterschiedlichen Interessen die US-Präsidentschaftswahl in vielen Ländern der Welt mit Spannung verfolgt worden ist. "As the U.S. presidential election map took shape — amid concerns about a possible drawn-out count in some states — the world was watching and weighing what could come next for U.S. foreign policy toward allies in Europe, rivals such as China and Russia, and outright foes such as Iran."

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02.11.2020

"When America decided to rule the world"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/11/02/united-states-tomorrow-the-world-stephen-wertheim/

Ishaan Tharoor hat sich mit dem Historiker Stephen Wertheim unterhalten, der in seinem neuen Buch "Tomorrow, the World" darlegt, warum sich die US-Eliten lange vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entschlossen hätten, die globale Führungsrolle zu übernehmen. "The United States had superpower status thrust upon it, the conventional view holds. Amid the collapse of European empires and the global threats of Nazism and Stalinism, America emerged as the liberal leviathan on the world stage, turning the tide of World War II and rebuilding the international order. It dominated new institutions such as the United Nations and enforced its authority for decades with an unrivaled military footprint spanning much of the globe. But this wasn’t simply a matter of fateful circumstance. In his new book, 'Tomorrow, the World,' historian Stephen Wertheim argues that U.S. primacy was a 'conscious decision' made by Washington elites well before World War II."

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22.10.2020

"Our secret Taliban air force"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/10/22/taliban-isis-drones-afghanistan/?arc404=true

Das US-Militär unterstützt die Taliban diesem Bericht der Washington Post zufolge bei Operationen gegen den "Islamischen Staat" in Afghanistan mit Luftangriffen. "(…) even as its warplanes have struck the Taliban in other parts of Afghanistan, the U.S. military has been quietly helping the Taliban to weaken the Islamic State in its Konar stronghold and keep more of the country from falling into the hands of the group, which — unlike the Taliban — the United States views as an international terrorist organization with aspirations to strike America and Europe. Remarkably, it can do so without needing to communicate with the Taliban, by observing battle conditions and listening in on the group."

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07.10.2020

"France and Germany to propose sanctions on Russia after Navalny poisoning"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/europe-russia-sanctions-navaly/2020/10/07/b19ac084-08b5-11eb-
8719-0df159d14794_story.html

Deutschland und Frankreich wollen der EU Sanktionen gegen mutmaßlich verantwortliche Russen wegen der Vergiftung des russischen Oppositionellen Alexei Navalny vorschlagen. "France and Germany will propose sanctions on individuals they deem responsible for the poisoning of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, their governments said Wednesday, reiterating that they suspect a Kremlin involvement. Proposals forwarded to European Union partners will also target an entity involved in the Novichok program, a joint statement from the French and German foreign ministries said. Navalny has been recovering in Berlin after falling ill from the nerve agent in Russia on Aug. 20, spending weeks in a coma. The statement did not give further specifics on the possible targets for sanctions. Moscow has dismissed claims of its involvement as 'baseless' and has declined to investigate the incident, citing a lack of evidence."

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02.10.2020

"Democracies are backsliding amid the coronavirus pandemic"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/10/02/democracy-coronavirus-freedom-house/

Eine neue Studie der Organisation Freedom House hat festgestellt, dass Demokratie und Menschenrechte seit dem Ausbruch der Corona-Pandemie in mindestens 80 von 192 untersuchten Staaten unter Druck geraten seien. "The report is based on an anonymous online survey of 398 experts and the work of Freedom House’s own analysts. It presents a troubling paradox: The pandemic has made the case for political participation more urgent, while at the same time disrupting democratic institutions that enable that participation. (…) The problem is acute in developing nations or countries where democracy was already under threat. As a respondent to the Freedom House survey said of Turkey, the pandemic 'was used as an excuse for the already oppressive government to do things that it has long planned to do, but had not been able to.' In countries such as Egypt, Zimbabwe and Cambodia, governments were reported to be using emergency powers to crack down on political opposition."

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30.09.2020

"U.S. push for Sudan to recognize Israel falters — and puts Khartoum in a tight spot"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/us-sudan-israel-talks/2020/09/30/11d45572-01dc-11eb-b92e-0296
76f9ebec_story.html

Der Versuch der US-Regierung, Sudan zur diplomatischen Anerkennung Israels zu bewegen, ist der Washington Post zufolge vorerst gescheitert. "Last week, U.S. officials held talks with Sudan in the hopes of adding it to a growing list of countries that have normalized relations with Israel, in what the Trump administration has billed as part of its Middle East peace process. But negotiations with Sudan have stalled, putting on hold the pre-election momentum of the administration’s earlier diplomatic successes. Sudan had been working for more than a year toward getting removed from the United States’ list of state sponsors of terrorism, which has blocked the country’s access to the international banking system for nearly three decades. At last week’s talks in Abu Dhabi, U.S. officials presented normalization of ties with Israel as part of a new route to getting off that list."

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30.09.2020

"Shadow politicians, clerics and Soviet-era fighters: The Taliban’s team negotiating peace"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/afghan-taliban-peace-talks/2020/09/30/a5333540-f859-11e
a-85f7-5941188a98cd_story.html

Der Großteil der Taliban-Vertreter, die gegenwärtig mit der afghanischen Regierung verhandeln, stamme aus der "Alten Garde", berichtet die Washington Post. "The Taliban negotiating team that will determine the future of Afghanistan in talks with the Afghan government comprises 21 men, most with graying beards and biographies that date back to the fight against the Soviet Union. Nearly all of the negotiators are pulled from the organization’s old guard, and many served in the militant group’s shadow government, which expanded as the Taliban’s territorial control and influence grew. Several are known for links to deadly attacks, including on civilians; others are essentially unknown outside the group. The talks, which began this month in Doha but have stalled as the two sides wrangle over ground rules, are expected to be wide-ranging: Whether the country remains a democracy, who controls security and whose rights are protected are all up for negotiation."

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29.09.2020

"Trump turns his 'maximum pressure' campaign on Iraq"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/09/29/trump-iraq-embassy-iran-pompeo/

Mit der Drohung eines Rückzugs aus der US-Botschaft in Bagdad habe Präsident Trump seine Diplomatie des maximalen Drucks nun auch gegen den Irak in Stellung gebracht, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor. Es könnte eine Bombenkampagne gegen die von Teheran unterstützten schiitischen Milizen im Land folgen. "Pompeo may hope that the prospect of such action will compel a fragile Iraqi government to take tougher measures against the militias on their own. 'Pompeo’s demand creates a stark dilemma for Iraq’s new prime minister, Mustafa al-Kadhimi, who until now had been a Trump administration favorite. The Iraqi leader wants to curb Iran’s proxy forces, but not at the cost of committing political suicide,' wrote Post columnist David Ignatius, referring to the complexity of Iraq’s multi-sect politics. 'If Pompeo follows through and closes the embassy to protect Americans, Iran and its allies might claim a major propaganda victory; but the closure could also be a prelude to heavy U.S. airstrikes against the militias.'"

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28.09.2020

"U.S. criticism of European mission to Venezuela shows growing divide over Maduro"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/venezuela-maduro-guaido-us-eu/2020/09/27/d13be724-00ea-
11eb-897d-3a6201d6643f_story.html

Zwischen der EU und den USA gibt es einen Streit über den Umgang mit der Maduro-Regierung in Venezuela. "The Trump administration on Sunday accused the European Union of undermining its efforts to isolate authoritarian Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, denouncing the bloc’s top diplomat for dispatching a mission to Caracas without consulting with Washington. The dispute suggested a growing divide across the Atlantic over how to handle Venezuela’s socialist government. The Europeans have tended to see Washington’s hard line position as harsh and ineffective. Washington has viewed Brussels as too willing to deal with Maduro. 'This will make relations with the E.U. bureaucracy more difficult,' Elliott Abrams, the U.S. special representative on Venezuela, told The Washington Post Sunday."

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23.09.2020

"Belarusian-style revolution means cleaning up after protests and stopping for red lights"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/belarusian-style-revolution-means-cleaning-up-after-protests-
and-stopping-for-red-lights/2020/09/21/d02c292a-f37f-11ea-8025-5d3489768ac8_story.html

Die Demonstrationen in Belarus laufen Isabelle Khurshudyan zufolge bisher mit bemerkenswerter Friedfertigkeit und einem ungewöhnlichen Ordnungssinn ab. Einige Experten glauben, dass dies einem Erfolg der Proteste eher entgegenstehe. "Streets are pristine even after mass demonstrations. Protesters have been seen taking off their shoes before standing on public benches, not wanting to dirty them. If traffic isn’t blocked off as a crowd of thousands is marching down a road, it will still stop and obey a red light. But that could be changing. With Lukashenko’s government and the opposition mired in a stalemate, some Belarusians have started to warm to a view expressed in an Atlantic Council commentary last month that 'the Belarus revolution may be too velvet to succeed.' 'Someone wrote a good tweet that they saw some protesters walking through the red light, which means we’ll definitely win — that our brains are catching on that sometimes you can walk on a red light,' Daneyko said. 'For many people here, crossing on a red light or walking in bike lanes, it’s a big achievement. It’s as if you’ve already broken this system."

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23.09.2020

"U.S. scrambles to do nuclear deal with Russia before election, issuing ultimatum"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/us-scrambles-to-do-nuclear-deal-with-russia-before-elect
ion-issuing-ultimatum/2020/09/22/fe4769f2-fc38-11ea-830c-a160b331ca62_story.html

Die US-Regierung will einen erfolgreichen Abschluss der New-Start-Verhandlungen mit Russland vor den US-Wahlen im November der Washington Post zufolge mit einem Ultimatum erzwingen. "Frustration is mounting inside the Trump administration as Russia gives little indication of whether it will agree to an arms control deal before President Trump faces reelection, according to senior U.S. administration officials, who are trying to secure the deal. (…) The administration’s scramble to cut a deal with Russia before the election comes as the president’s top diplomats have been rushing to secure diplomatic achievements as U.S. voters begin going to the polls. (…) The 'price of admission' for Russia to secure the deal with the United States will go up if the Kremlin doesn’t agree to terms before the U.S. presidential election, Billingslea warned in an interview Monday with the Russian newspaper Kommersant. Billingslea said the United States would insist on 'a number of new conditions' if Russia waits until after the election to decide and Trump wins."

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20.09.2020

"With the Charlie Hebdo trial underway, does 'Je suis Charlie' still resonate in France?"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/je-suis-charlie-hebdo-trial/2020/09/19/46f8e44a-f6a9-11ea-85f
7-5941188a98cd_story.html

James McAuley schreibt anlässlich des laufenden Verfahrens gegen mutmaßliche Mittäter des Terroranschlags auf das Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo, dass es fünf Jahre später gerade unter jungen Franzosen weniger "Toleranz" für das satirische Anliegen des Magazins gebe. "While opinion surveys suggest a majority in France still back the project of Charlie Hebdo, among younger generations there is less tolerance for claims of secularism or free expression as a cover for Islamophobia. And, in the meantime, Charlie Hebdo as an institution has undergone something of a transformation in the years after the attack. Charlie may no longer be quite what it was, the irreverent stalwart of the newsstands. What the trial has revealed is how the attack converted a world-famous satire machine that once eschewed all ideologies into a national symbol seemingly committed to advancing a dogma of its own."

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15.09.2020

"The mirage of Trump’s 'peace' deals"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/09/15/trump-deals-bahrain-uae-kosovo-serbia/

Nach Ansicht von Ishaan Tharoor sollten die am Dienstag in Washington unterzeichneten Abkommen der VAE und Bahrains mit Israel nicht als "Friedensverträge" bezeichnet werden. "The two big deals trumpeted by the White House this month are not the victories for 'peace' that Trump claims they are. Start with the main event this week: Both the UAE and Bahrain already communicate and engage with Israel, and the three countries were not locked in anything close to conflict. 'The UAE-Israel strategic relationship was fueled by mutual fears of Iran and formalized by the United States,' Karim Sadjadpour, a Middle East analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told my colleagues. 'It’s an example of Trump slapping his name on a hotel that was essentially already built.'"

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08.09.2020

"Shots fired on the India-China border for the first time in decades as tensions flare"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/shots-fired-on-the-india-china-border-for-the-first-tim
e-in-decades-as-tensions-flare/2020/09/08/d8c5a020-f195-11ea-8025-5d3489768ac8_story.html

Bei einem neuen Zwischenfall an der Grenze zwischen Indien und China sind zum ersten Mal seit Jahrzehnten Schüsse gefallen. "India and China accused each other Tuesday of firing warning shots during a confrontation the day before at their disputed border in a marked escalation of tensions between the two nuclear-armed neighbors. It was the first time in decades that both sides said shots were fired at the frontier, where long-standing, mutual protocols prohibit the use of firearms. Such protocols did not prevent the two countries from engaging in their deadliest violence in more than 50 years in June, when Chinese soldiers armed with clubs studded with nails and metal rods clashed with Indian troops in a remote area of the western Himalayas."

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03.09.2020

"Why vaccine nationalism is winning"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/09/03/why-coronavirus-vaccine-nationalism-is-winning/

Trotz einer internationalen Initiative zur Entwicklung und fairen Verteilung eines Coronavirus-Impfstoffes scheine der "Impfstoff-Nationalismus" zu gewinnen, stellt Adam Taylor fest. Dies treffe nicht nur auf die USA zu. "It’s worth considering why vaccine nationalism seems to be winning. Cooperative, international efforts are not famous for finding speedy solutions. Some countries probably reason that they could join Covax later if it succeeds. And if a country develops a working vaccine domestically or preemptively buys up millions of doses, it gets first access. For some wealthy nations, the benefits outweigh the risks or moral problems. (…) If a country can develop a vaccine, it also has the opportunity to distribute it. For China, the initial epicenter of the pandemic, it would be a chance to restore global standing. The same could be argued for Russia and the United States, both run by leaders who are unpopular globally."

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22.08.2020

"Libya’s warring sides again declare a cease-fire. Will it last this time?"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/libyas-warring-sides-once-again-declare-a-cease-fire-will-it-last-th
is-time/2020/08/21/7edfadec-e3eb-11ea-82d8-5e55d47e90ca_story.html

Nach Ansicht von Sudarsan Raghavan wird abzuwarten sein, ob der neue Waffenstillstand in Libyen länger hält als frühere Versuche. Es sei zumindest ermutigend, dass sowohl die Türkei als auch Ägypten die Erklärungen beider Konfliktparteien begrüßt hätten. "'The two initiatives have created hope for forging a peaceful political solution to the long-standing Libyan crisis, a solution that will affirm the desire of the Libyan people to live in peace and dignity,' said Stephanie Williams, acting head of the U.N. mission in Libya. The U.S. Embassy also welcomed the cease-fire agreement, calling it 'an important step to all Libyans,' as did European powers such as Germany and Italy. Perhaps most significantly, Egypt and Turkey welcomed the decision. Both nations have militarily supported rival sides, raising concerns in recent weeks that two U.S. allies could end up fighting each other in Libya. (…) The cease-fire agreement comes after more than a year of chaos and insecurity that have transformed Libya into a global battleground."

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