US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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"Libya’s warring sides again declare a cease-fire. Will it last this time?"

Nach Ansicht von Sudarsan Raghavan wird abzuwarten sein, ob der neue Waffenstillstand in Libyen länger hält als frühere Versuche. Es sei zumindest ermutigend, dass sowohl die Türkei als auch Ägypten die Erklärungen beider Konfliktparteien begrüßt hätten. "'The two initiatives have created hope for forging a peaceful political solution to the long-standing Libyan crisis, a solution that will affirm the desire of the Libyan people to live in peace and dignity,' said Stephanie Williams, acting head of the U.N. mission in Libya. The U.S. Embassy also welcomed the cease-fire agreement, calling it 'an important step to all Libyans,' as did European powers such as Germany and Italy. Perhaps most significantly, Egypt and Turkey welcomed the decision. Both nations have militarily supported rival sides, raising concerns in recent weeks that two U.S. allies could end up fighting each other in Libya. (…) The cease-fire agreement comes after more than a year of chaos and insecurity that have transformed Libya into a global battleground."

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"The first coup d’etat of the coronavirus era"

Adam Taylor bezeichnet den Militärputsch in Mali als ersten Umsturz der "Coronavirus-Ära" und erwartet, dass weitere folgen werden. "The seeds of Mali’s coup were planted years before the virus’s spread. (…) But the pandemic added fuel to political and economic turmoil. Keïta’s government had moved ahead with plans for a parliamentary election in March despite a strict, virus-mandated lockdown. And the kidnapping and subsequent disappearance of the main opposition leader, Soumaila Cisse, remained unresolved. (…) Lockdown restrictions first imposed in March led to further economic devastation in what was already one of the poorest countries in the world. (…) Mali’s coronavirus coup could also provide harsh lessons for other nations in political turmoil. The pandemic has exposed the inequalities of societies and the failure of governments. But if it has made it easier to tear down the corrupt regimes of old, it still isn’t any easier to put something new in their place."

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"Colombian guerrillas are using coronavirus curfews to expand their control. Violators have been killed."

In Kolumbien setzen linksradikale Guerillas, rechte Paramilitärs und Drogenkartelle die in der Coronakrise ausgerufenen Ausgangssperren in einigen Städten auch gewaltsam durch, berichten Megan Janetsky und Anthony Faiola. "Armed groups in this violence-fraught nation of 50 million are imposing new levels of control during the coronavirus outbreak, and enforcing some of the strictest lockdown measures in the world — with harsh penalties for violators. In the port city of Tumaco, a narco-trafficking hub in the Colombian southwest, guerrillas posted pamphlets declaring all curfew violators 'military targets.' In a warning to all, a medical transport responding to a call after curfew was torched in early May, its driver and patient killed. (…) Human rights groups, community leaders and government officials say a toxic slate of leftist guerrillas, right-wing paramilitaries and drug cartels are using the outbreak to consolidate control over parts of a country still reeling from the aftermath of five decades of armed conflict. The increasingly violent competition shows the power of the pandemic to deepen preexisting societal challenges and loosen the grip of government in fragile states."

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"The U.S. and Russia have a rare opportunity to work together on a peace deal"

Der aktuelle Konflikt zwischen Armenien und Aserbaidschan biete den USA und Russland eine seltene Gelegenheit zur Zusammenarbeit, meint David Ignatius. Die Einmischung der Türkei habe eine diplomatische Lösung der Krise allerdings erschwert. "This little-noticed development involves the long-frozen standoff between Armenia and Azerbaijan, a feud with roots in ethnic and territorial disputes which this month became a hot war with barrages of artillery across the border. That yielded a rare convergence of interest between Russia and the United States, two of the co-chairs of the Minsk Group, which has been seeking a settlement of the conflict. What complicates this difficult diplomacy further is that it involves Turkey, the pugnacious regional power that has become a headache for both Moscow and Washington. (…) As tempting at it might be to encourage more Russian-Turkish feuding, a better idea would be a diplomatic engagement through the Minsk Group co-chair framework. It’s the one significant diplomatic arena where Moscow and Washington still actively collaborate. Armenian and Azerbaijani officials seem eager for such great-power mediation."

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"The future of the Internet could be Chinese and authoritarian, a Senate Foreign Relations report warns"

Ein neuer Bericht des US-Senats warnt, dass das Internet künftig von China kontrolliert werden könnte. "China will write the rules of the Internet unless the United States and its allies counter Beijing's efforts at mass surveillance and censorship, according to a report released Tuesday by the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The report, which comes as the Trump administration considers a ban on Chinese-owned apps like the video-sharing app TikTok and after Britain barred Huawei from its 5G networks, underscores a growing shift in the Western world away from Chinese technology amid concerns about mounting privacy and security risks. (…) The report details how China has sought to 'create a new model of governance for the digital domain,' through mass surveillance technology and controlling access to information and content. American social media platforms like Google, Twitter and Facebook are banned inside China. The report also details how China has invested in technology that aids authoritarianism, such as facial recognition software and other surveillance technology. This technology is now being exported to countries around the world, such as Venezuela, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe and others."

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"Libya’s war becomes a global scramble for power and prestige"

Libyen sei heute Schauplatz eines globalen Wettstreits um Macht und Prestige, stellt Ishaan Tharoor fest. Die Türkei sei bisher der größte Gewinner dieses Kampfes. "But much still hangs in the balance. On Monday, Egypt’s parliament rubber-stamped a motion authorizing the deployment of troops outside its borders, a move that could possibly lead to Egyptian personnel entering eastern Libya to aid Hifter’s forces. The Libyan warlord is also backed by the Emiratis, the Russians and, to a lesser extent, France. While some of these governments have grown frustrated with Hifter’s bloody-minded pursuit of a military victory, Egypt’s dictatorial President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi seems keen on entering the fray against Turkey’s allies. (…) The United States, meanwhile, has chosen to take a back seat. 'First and foremost, this is a European problem,' said a senior State Department official, who spoke to my colleagues on the condition of anonymity. The official, who was not authorized to speak publicly, added in blunt terms that what is happening now 'is enormously complex, the Syrianization of Libya.'"

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"U.S. remains on the sidelines in Libya’s conflict as Russia extends its reach"

Der Konflikt in Libyen werde zunehmend von Söldnern bestimmt, die den Krieg als ökonomische Gelegenheit wahrnehmen, berichten Missy Ryan und Sudarsan Raghavan. Die USA hätten auf diese Entwicklung kaum noch Einfluss. "The U.S. position on the margins of the conflict — complicated by uncertainty about which side Washington supports — takes on new significance as Russia, Turkey and now possibly Egypt pour weapons and fighters into a combustible battle. 'The U.S. is essentially out of the game. The Libyans are unable to make their own decisions, entirely dependent on foreign actors,' a Western diplomat said. 'There is total drift.' Libya in recent months has become a free-for-all for regional and European powers, many of them American allies that have stepped into the security and political vacuum in support of rival governments. A divide is now also growing among NATO nations, while mercenaries from Russia, Syria and sub-Saharan Africa rush in, sensing economic opportunity."

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"What’s behind Russia’s growing ties with the Taliban"

Russland betrachte die Taliban als wichtigen politischen Akteur und habe die Beziehungen zu der Gruppe in den vergangenen Jahren deshalb intensiviert, berichtet Robyn Dixon. "London-based security analyst Mark Galeotti says Russia sees Afghanistan as key to its security. 'What happens in Afghanistan matters to' Russia, he said. 'Obviously, everything from the massive flow of heroin — remember, Russia has the highest per capita consumption rate of heroin. They’re also worried about the spread of radical Islam into Central Asian states.' (…) Russia believes the Taliban will control large parts of Afghanistan going forward and has on multiple occasions invited its representatives and other senior Afghan figures to Moscow for talks to try to kindle a peace dialogue. Kabulov said in 2015 that Russia had opened communication channels with the Taliban. 'The Taliban’s interests objectively coincide with ours,' he said, noting that the Taliban did not recognize the Islamic State. 'There is no doubt that the Islamic State is training militants from Russia in Afghanistan as part of its efforts to expand into Central Asia.'"

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"For Israel, annexation is saying the quiet part loud"

Ishaan Tharoor erklärt, warum selbst einige Verbündete und Freunde Israels die Annexionspläne für das Westjordanland kritisch beurteilen. "Most of Washington’s foreign policy community recognizes the risks of the moment. 'A cost-benefit analysis argues for preserving the status quo,' wrote Robert Satloff, executive director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 'Israel already enjoys complete security control over the West Bank, its civil law already governs its citizens living there, and it has largely succeeded in normalizing the international community to continued growth in settlement activity. Most relevant actors — the Palestinian Authority, many Arab states, key European capitals, UN Security Council members, and the United States — have reconciled themselves to this reality and do not actively oppose it.' In other words, Netanyahu could endanger the paramount control Israel already maintains over the Palestinian territories, as well as the relative international quiescence over its actions there, including its expansion of settlements over the past couple of decades."

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"The appeal of ISIS fades among Europeans who returned home from Syria"

Die nach der Rückkehr vieler IS-Kämpfer in ihre europäischen Heimatländer befürchtete Gewaltwelle habe sich bisher nicht eingestellt, stellen Souad Mekhennet und Joby Warrick fest. Viele ehemalige IS-Anhänger seien angesichts ihrer Erfahrungen ernüchtert und wollten mit der Terrormiliz nichts mehr zu tun haben. "(…) scholarly studies are beginning to confirm what some law enforcement officials had observed privately: Despite initial fears, an overwhelming majority of the returnees appear to be shunning extremist causes so far, and many avowedly reject the Islamic State and its violent tactics. 'A number of signs point to disillusionment among returning fighters and released offenders,' said Thomas Renard, a Belgian terrorism researcher and author of a forthcoming study on prison radicalization. 'They don’t seem to be reconnecting to their previous networks or returning to violent extremist activities. We are seeing reports from the security services that confirm this.' The trend, if it continues, is genuinely good news for a region that experienced a string of deadly bombings and shootings by Islamic State supporters beginning in 2015. Officials say there have been no Islamic State-directed attacks on European soil since 2017, and the number of overall incidents linked to Islamist groups, including 'lone-wolf' attacks, has fallen sharply."

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"Can Libya be saved from partition?"

Der Bürgerkrieg in Libyen sei nach der Abwehr der Offensive der LNA-Truppen unter General Haftar in eine entscheidende Phase getreten, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor. Allerdings handle es sich mittlerweile um einen Stellvertreterkrieg, der von den ausländischen Akteuren als Nullsummenspiel betrachtet werde. "Karim Mezran of the Atlantic Council warned during a webinar last month that without real international will to forge a meaningful peace, Libya’s de facto 'partition becomes a fact.' That’s not a pleasant scenario. 'It is more likely to resemble the messy secession of Sudan’s southern region, creating South Sudan,' wrote Ted Galen Carpenter of the libertarian Cato Institute in Washington. 'Quarrels over control of Libya’s oil production between independent eastern and western Libyan states may be enough by themselves to cause serious continuing tensions.' U.N. officials and international diplomats hope this won’t come to pass. Mezran added that coercing Libya’s warring parties into finding a political solution will take real 'diplomatic power,' including from the United States."

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"Citizen patrols organize across Minneapolis as confidence in the police force plummets"

Der Stadtrat von Minneapolis plant nach den Protesten gegen den Tod des Afroamerikaners George Floyd, die lokale Polizeibehörde aufzulösen. Jared Goyette berichtet, dass das mangelnde Vertrauen in die Polizei bereits jetzt zur Bildung bewaffneter Bürgermilizen führe. "Across Minneapolis, community-organized citizen patrols have sprung up in recent weeks as confidence in the Minneapolis Police Department has plummeted. Distrust in the agency had been building for years, and now, with emergency responders focused on riots and looting in the hardest-hit part of the city and with the police department’s own 3rd Precinct set ablaze, some residents worry that their neighborhoods have been left vulnerable. (…) The Freedom Riders do face challenges. Some volunteers worry that it will be hard to sustain turnout through the summer, with many people working during the day and guarding their neighborhoods at night. And the guns are clearly visible: Cars approaching the intersection near Sammy’s were greeted by the sight of men holding rifles, shotguns and handguns."

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"U.S. rivals seize on protest crackdowns to turn tables on human rights criticism"

Internationale Rivalen der USA nutzen das zum Teil harte Vorgehen von Polizeibehörden in den USA gegen die aktuellen Proteste Siobhán O'Grady zufolge, um der US-Regierung "Doppelstandards" vorzuwerfen. "When massive protests broke out in Hong Kong last year over a contentious extradition bill, part of a pattern of Chinese encroachment on the semiautonomous city, senior U.S. officials including President Trump and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued calls for security forces and Beijing to respect the rights of protesters and listen to their demands. Less than a year later, with the world’s attention captured by images of U.S. authorities using tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets to crack down on protesters against racism and police brutality, China and other U.S. rivals have seized the opportunity to highlight U.S. domestic turbulence and accuse Washington of hewing to double standards. (…) Authoritarian governments elsewhere that have faced U.S. criticism are also using the protests as an opportunity to turn the tables on the United States. Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, who faces allegations of widespread human rights abuses, posted on social media this week that he was 'watching with horror the situation in the United States, where the authorities are maliciously violating ordinary citizens’ rights,' the Moscow Times reported."

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"The global race for a coronavirus vaccine could lead to this generation’s Sputnik moment"

Carolyn Y. Johnson und Eva Dou vergleichen das internationale Rennen zur Entwicklung eines Corona-Impfstoffs mit dem Wettlauf ins All zwischen den USA und der Sowjetunion während des Kalten Kriegs. "With testing underway on five experimental vaccines in China and four in the United States, the race to produce a vaccine for covid-19 has taken on political dimensions that echo jockeying for technological dominance during the Cold War, including the space race after the launch of Sputnik in 1957. (…) The nation that produces the first safe and effective vaccine will gain not only bragging rights but also a fast track to put its people back to work, a powerful public health tool to protect its citizens and a precious resource to reward allies. In an election year in the United States, the prospect of a successful vaccine by year’s end could also be a potent campaign tool. 'The vaccine is partly about health, but it’s absolutely equally as much about getting our engine of productivity back,' said Lawrence Gostin, a professor of global health law at Georgetown University Law Center. 'If China had it and we didn’t, their economy could hum, and ours would continue to be in social distancing lockdowns and disruptions. This has economic, political and public health consequences.'"

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 "Syria’s Assad is confronting the toughest challenges of the 9-year war"

Neun Jahre nach Ausbruch des Kriegs in Syrien stehe Staatschef Assad seiner wohl größten innenpolitischen Herausforderung gegenüber, schreiben Liz Sly und Asser Khattab. "The rebels now squeezed into one last corner of Syria no longer pose any threat, and there are no other serious contenders for the presidency of a country that has been ruled by the Assad family for the past 50 years. But cracks are starting to appear in the once-united front presented by loyalists who stood by Assad throughout his battle to crush the opposition. A rare eruption of criticism in Russian media outlets has drawn attention to his dependence on foreign allies — Iran as well as Russia — for his survival. Most important, an imploding economy is driving Syrians into poverty on a scale unprecedented in recent history. Neither Russia nor Iran is in a position to inject the billions of dollars Syria needs to rebuild and revive, yet Assad continues to reject the political reforms that might open the doors to Western and Gulf Arab funding. Even as a third of the country still lies beyond Assad’s control, the stirrings of a new rebellion in the southern province of Daraa speak to the potential for a fresh insurgency in areas that have been recaptured by the government."

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"Trump administration discussed conducting first U.S. nuclear test in decades"

Könnten die USA bald den ersten Atomwaffentest seit 1992 durchführen? Die Washington Post berichtet über entsprechende Überlegungen im Weißen Haus. "The Trump administration has discussed whether to conduct the first U.S. nuclear test explosion since 1992 in a move that would have far-reaching consequences for relations with other nuclear powers and reverse a decades-long moratorium on such actions, said a senior administration official and two former officials familiar with the deliberations. The matter came up at a meeting of senior officials representing the top national security agencies May 15, following accusations from administration officials that Russia and China are conducting low-yield nuclear tests — an assertion that has not been substantiated by publicly available evidence and that both countries have denied. A senior administration official, who like others spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe the sensitive nuclear discussions, said that demonstrating to Moscow and Beijing that the United States could 'rapid test' could prove useful from a negotiating standpoint as Washington seeks a trilateral deal to regulate the arsenals of the biggest nuclear powers."

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"One of the first contact-tracing apps violates its own privacy policy"

In den USA hat sich Geoffrey A. Fowler zufolge herausgestellt, dass die privaten Nutzerdaten einer Corona-Tracing-App nicht nur an die US-Regierung, sondern auch an ein anderes Unternehmen weitergeleitet worden sind. "As governments build coronavirus-tracking smartphone technology, who is making sure their apps live up to privacy promises? A new analysis of one of the first of a handful of U.S. contact-tracing apps, North and South Dakota’s Care19, finds it violates its own privacy policy by sharing citizen location and other personal data with an outside company. The review was published Thursday by privacy software maker Jumbo. (…) Health authorities are moving fast to build coronavirus apps, often with limited technical resources. They’re relying on commercial tracking companies and murky privacy protections — and under those conditions, it’s not clear we should trust them. (…) As governments develop these apps, they’re going to need the resources to develop their own technology that doesn’t rely on commercial surveillance companies — or more help from Apple and Google."

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"Retired Afghan general joins the Taliban as concerns rise over defections"

In Afghanistan hat sich ein Armee-General im Ruhestand offenbar den Taliban angeschlossen. Susannah George berichtet, dass die Zahl abtrünniger Angehöriger der Sicherheitskräfte seit dem Abschluss des Friedensabkommens zwischen den Taliban und den USA einer inoffiziellen Quelle zufolge zugenommen habe. "A foreign diplomat in Kabul said the number of defections within the Afghan security forces have increased following the signing of the peace deal more than two months ago. Afghan officials in provinces hit hardest by the uptick in Taliban attacks have also relayed reports of increased defections. The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media. The U.S. military command in Afghanistan dismissed reports of large numbers of defections. 'We are not seeing these defections at the scale the Taliban are claiming or at a rate which would exceed previous attrition rates,' a U.S. defense official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity in line with department regulations."

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"Kim Jong Un did not have heart surgery, South Korea says, tying absence to coronavirus fears"

Der südkoreanische Geheimdienst vermutet, dass die zwischenzeitliche Abwesenheit des nordkoreanischen Staatschefs Kim Jong Un mit der Angst vor dem Coronavirus zusammenhängen könnte. "South Korea's spy agency told lawmakers Wednesday it does not believe North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had heart surgery last month, and determined that his three-week absence from public view was probably linked to fears over the coronavirus pandemic. Officials of the National Intelligence Service told a parliamentary committee that the reports of heart surgery, first carried by South Korean website Daily NK and then amplified by Western media into talk that Kim was gravely ill or even dead, were 'groundless,' according to a lawmaker on the intelligence committee. 'He was normally performing his duties when he was out of the public eye,' said Kim Byung-kee, of the ruling Democratic Party, describing the intelligence reports in a briefing with reporters."

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"At Munich Security Conference, an Atlantic divide: U.S. boasting and European unease"

Die Washington Post stellt fest, dass die diesjährige Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz bestätigt habe, wie tief der transatlantische Graben mittlerweile sei. "Germany's president offered a gloomy picture on the state of Europe's relations with President Trump's United States. Trump's top diplomat said Saturday that everything was just fine. So it went at the annual Munich Security Conference, a Davos of the world's foreign policy elite. The transatlantic differences have grown so wide that they can no longer agree about whether they disagree. (…) The theme of this year’s Munich convocation was 'Westlessness.' That reflected the concerns — at least by the German foreign policy elite who put the conference together — of a world order with a diminished role for the international institutions that underpinned European and American security in the seven decades following World War II."

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"Bernie Sanders’s foreign policy is a risk for Democrats against Trump"

Die erste Vorwahl der US-Demokraten in Iowa hat Bernie Sanders trotz ihrer turbulenten Umstände als einen aussichtsreichen Präsidentschaftskandidaten bestätigt. Josh Rogin meint allerdings, dass Sanders es im Wahlkampf mit Donald Trump auch aufgrund seiner außenpolitischen Positionen schwer hätte. "Sanders’s congressional record puts him at odds with the mainstream positions of the Democratic Party. Since being elected in 1990 — he served eight terms as a House member before becoming a senator — Sanders has consistently voted to limit U.S. military interventions abroad, opposed bills that take Israel’s side in the Middle East peace process and argued against sanctions on Iran. (…) Some Democrats say stances like this would pose a problem against Trump in the general election campaign. 'One of the most useful attacks on Trump on foreign policy is he’s favored autocrats over our allies, and Sanders is not the best candidate to make that critique because he has also associated himself with autocrats,' said Democratic strategist Ben LaBolt, who served as national press secretary on the 2012 Obama-Biden campaign. (…) The Sanders campaign dismisses such criticism as Beltway conventional wisdom. 'I think it’s more that the Washington elite that wants a return to 'normalcy,'' Sanders foreign policy adviser Matt Duss told me. 'But most Americans understand that so-called 'normalcy' is what gave us the Iraq War. 'Normalcy' is what gave us the financial collapse. 'Normalcy' is what gave us Trump.'"

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"Global leaders promise to respect arms embargo on Libya, but fail to secure a lasting cease fire"

Die Libyen-Konferenz in Berlin sei mit einigen Absichtserklärungen, aber ohne die von vielen erhoffte Waffenstillstandsvereinbarung zu Ende gegangen, stellen Sudarsan Raghavan und Loveday Morris ernüchtert fest. "The one-day summit, attended by many of the world’s most influential leaders, was the most significant attempt yet by the United States and Europe to remain relevant in Libya after years of watching from the sidelines. (…) Both Prime Minister Fayez Serraj, the head of the U.N.-installed government in Tripoli, and eastern commander Khalifa Hifter, who launched an offensive on the Libyan capital in April, were in Berlin on Sunday. But they did not meet, underscoring the deep and lingering animosity that divides Libya. 'The difference between the parties are such a magnitude that they don’t speak to each other,' Merkel said. 'They were not in the same room.' (…) It remains to be seen whether the countries driving one of the world’s most internationalized conflicts will set aside their ambitions and stop sending weapons and fighters, after having blatantly ignored the arms embargo for years."

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"Days before Europeans warned Iran of nuclear deal violations, Trump secretly threatened to impose 25% tariff on European autos if they didn’t"

John Hudson und Souad Mekhennet berichten, dass die US-Regierung Deutschland, Frankreich und Großbritannien auf vertraulicher Ebene mit drastischen Wirtschaftszöllen gedroht habe, um eine europäische Verurteilung der iranischen Verstöße gegen das Atomabkommen zu erzwingen. Kurz darauf hätten die Europäer die Verstöße offiziell festgestellt und ein formelles Schlichtungsverfahren in die Wege geleitet. "The U.S. effort to coerce European foreign policy through tariffs, a move one European official equated to 'extortion,' represents a new level of hardball tactics with the United States’ oldest allies, underscoring the extraordinary tumult in the transatlantic relationship. President Trump has previously used the threat of a 25 percent tariff on automobiles to win more-favorable terms in the country’s trade relationship with the Europeans, but not to dictate the continent’s foreign policy. It remains unclear if the threat was even necessary, as Europeans had been signaling their intention to trigger the dispute resolution for weeks. While the United States views the mechanism as critical to reimposing sanctions on Iran in as little as 65 days, the Europeans see the measure as a last chance to salvage a deal they view as vital to reducing tensions and limiting Iran’s nuclear program."

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"How the Soleimani assassination could pave the way for a new deal with Iran"

Könnte der Tod von General Soleimani den Weg für ein neues Atomabkommen mit dem Iran ebnen? Robert Satloff vom Washington Institute for Near East Policy hält es für möglich, dass Teheran angesichts des neu etablierten amerikanischen Abschreckungspotentials bald zu neuen Verhandlungen bereit sein könnte. "What if U.S. officials took advantage of the moment to ask a trusted third party — say, the Omanis or the Swiss — to test whether Tehran’s leaders were ready for a quiet diplomatic initiative to achieve what the White House has long said was the objective of its 'maximum pressure' campaign: a better, broader agreement with Iran than the narrow nuclear deal the administration quit in 2018? With tensions high and emotions raw, the immediate aftermath of Soleimani’s killing may seem an odd moment to propose diplomatic engagement. But the very brazenness of the act may have so unnerved Iran’s leadership that negotiating with the Great Satan, an option Tehran seemed to reject as it sought to extend its influence from Yemen to Baghdad, might become an attractive alternative to the possibility of direct confrontation."

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"Trump is already searching for his next secretary of state"

Josh Rogin hält einen Führungswechsel im US-Außenministerium in diesem Jahr für möglich, da Mike Pompeo Berichten zufolge eine politische Karriere im US-Senat erwäge. Es seien bereits mögliche Nachfolger im Gespräch, darunter der US-Botschafter in Berlin, Richard Grenell. "The person most often mentioned to succeed Pompeo is national security adviser Robert O’Brien. Trump really likes O’Brien, several officials told me, and has given him increased diplomatic responsibilities since he became the president’s fourth national security adviser in September. (…) The other main contender at this point is Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Some officials believe Mnuchin is angling for the job, and some say he is simply in contention but not actively lobbying. Either way, he’s on the list. Mnuchin is very close to Trump personally and has been treasury secretary for almost three years. (…) Trump has also asked people what they think about Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell becoming secretary of state. The German government has complained about Grenell’s aggressive style, but that’s actually a selling point for Trump. (…) Does [Pompeo] really want to go from being secretary of state to a position as the junior senator from Kansas? If he is going to run for president on his diplomatic record, might he not want to stay another year and finish the job? If so, this entire contest will simply be shelved until Trump’s second term (should he be reelected). But until everyone else can be convinced that Pompeo is definitely staying, the competition for his job will keep heating up."

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"The Open Skies treaty is giving Russia spying capabilities. End it."

Der republikanische US-Senator Tom Cotton hält die Aufkündigung des "Open Skies"-Vertrags der USA mit Russland und anderen Staaten für überfällig. "Like so many treaties with Russia, the Open Skies agreement was negotiated and signed with good intentions, then abused by Moscow for maximum advantage. The treaty, which entered into force in 2002 and has 34 signatories, is intended to allow unarmed and unobstructed observation flights over both Russian and NATO territory. But Russia has breached the treaty for years by imposing limits on U.S. flights while suffering no such restrictions itself. In other words, 'open skies for me, closed skies for thee.' President Trump should end this charade by withdrawing from the treaty and diverting the hundreds of millions of dollars it wastes to valuable military projects. (…) Russia is not a good-faith actor. Moreover, the Open Skies Treaty no longer serves to reduce tensions or build trust, if it ever did. Instead it gives Russia a spying capability it wouldn’t otherwise possess, which jeopardizes U.S. security."

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"At war with the truth"

Die Washington Post ist nach intensiven Bemühungen an Regierungsdokumente gelangt, die belegen, dass die US-Regierung die Bevölkerung in den vergangenen 18 Jahren bewusst über die Entwicklung in Afghanistan in die Irre geführt hat. In diesem Dossier stellt Craig Whitlock die Recherche-Ergebnisse vor. "A confidential trove of government documents obtained by The Washington Post reveals that senior U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan throughout the 18-year campaign, making rosy pronouncements they knew to be false and hiding unmistakable evidence the war had become unwinnable. The documents were generated by a federal project examining the root failures of the longest armed conflict in U.S. history. They include more than 2,000 pages of previously unpublished notes of interviews with people who played a direct role in the war, from generals and diplomats to aid workers and Afghan officials. (…) The interviews, through an extensive array of voices, bring into sharp relief the core failings of the war that persist to this day. They underscore how three presidents — George W. Bush, Barack Obama and Donald Trump — and their military commanders have been unable to deliver on their promises to prevail in Afghanistan."

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"Germans are deeply worried about the U.S. alliance, but Americans have hardly noticed"

Vor dem NATO-Gipfel in London weist eine neue Umfrage Adam Taylor zufolge darauf hin, dass die Allianz der USA mit Deutschland von beiden Seiten völlig unterschiedlich eingeschätzt wird. "The poll, jointly conducted by the Pew Research Center and the German firm Körber-Stiftung in September, found that while three-quarters of Americans see relations with Germany as good, almost two-thirds of Germans say the relationship is bad. The responses also suggested that the two nations placed different levels of importance on the alliance. The poll found that Americans are more likely to prioritize greater cooperation with Germany, with 69 percent in favor, compared with 50 percent of Germans who say the same of increased cooperation with the United States. (…) The differing views of the alliance may be due in part to an information gap between Germans and Americans, [Sudha David-Wilp, a senior transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund in Berlin,] said. 'Germans are definitely well-informed when it comes to current affairs,' she said, as their nation is in the midst of Europe and has an export-driven economy. Americans, on the other hand, tend to think of themselves as the 'middle of the world, the center of the universe.'"

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"Arrival of Russian mercenaries adds deadlier firepower, modern tactics to Libya’s civil war"

General Khalifa Haftar wird bei seinem Kampf um die Macht in Libyen diesem Bericht zufolge von russischen Söldnern unterstützt. "Hundreds of Russian mercenaries, many highly trained and well-armed, are fighting alongside renegade Libyan commander Khalifa Hifter as he seeks to oust the country’s United Nations-backed government, according to Libyan military commanders and fighters, as well as U.S. military and other Western officials. These foreigners fighting for Hifter’s self-described Libyan National Army are introducing new tactics and firepower on the battlefield, threatening to prolong the most violent conflict in this North African country since the Arab Spring revolution eight years ago. 'The entry of the Russian forces into the war has altered the battlefield,' said Osama al-Juwaili, a top commander of the Libyan government’s forces. 'Their presence complicates things for us.'"

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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