US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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18.09.2020

"Trump 'associates' offered Assange pardon in return for emails source, court hears"

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/sep/18/trump-offered-julian-assange-pardon-in-return-for-democrat-
hacking-source-court-told

Mitarbeiter des Weißen Hauses haben Julian Assange offenbar eine Begnadigung angeboten, sollte der WikiLeaks-Gründer offenlegen, wer für die Herausgabe der E-Mails der Clinton-Kampagne von 2016 verantwortlich gewesen ist. "Two political figures claiming to represent Donald Trump offered Julian Assange a 'win-win' deal to avoid extradition to the US and indictment, a London court has heard. Under the proposed deal, outlined by Assange’s barrister Jennifer Robinson, the WikiLeaks founder would be offered a pardon if he disclosed who leaked Democratic party emails to his site, in order to help clear up allegations they had been supplied by Russian hackers to help Trump’s election in 2016. (…) The barrister added that Assange did not name the source of the emails. While Assange’s legal team first made the claim in February detailing a deal for a pardon in exchange for denying the source of the emails was Russia, Robinson’s statement – admitted as evidence by the court – provides substantial details of the meeting."

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31.05.2020

"Trump cancels summit but says he will invite Putin to later G7 event"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/31/donald-trump-postpones-g7-summit-and-signals-wider-attendan
ce-list-in-future

US-Präsident Trump hat das für Ende Juni geplante G7-Treffen nach einem Patrick Wintour zufolge "stürmisch" verlaufenen Telefongespräch mit Bundeskanzlerin Merkel verschoben. Der nun im September vorgesehene Gipfel soll eine erweiterte Gästeliste bekommen, auf der auch Russlands Präsident Putin stehen soll. "Trump’s new plan, outlined to reporters on Saturday, is to host an expanded G7 meeting including Russia, Australia, South Korea and India, dedicated to building an alliance against China. The plan is likely to be controversial because Russia has been banned from western-led summits since Putin’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, and is not seen as a natural ally in the defence of human rights in Hong Kong. Merkel and the French president, Emmanuel Macron, will also be reluctant to provide Trump with a prestigious platform to set out his China strategy weeks before the US presidential election. (…) European leaders are deeply critical of China’s intervention in Hong Kong, but the plan Trump set out to confront Beijing in a 10-minute address on Friday left many questions unanswered about the extent to which he is prepared to disengage the US economy from China or impose sanctions. The EU has not yet supported sanctions, but a meeting of foreign ministers on Friday agreed that the language of a paper on China completed in early 2019 needed toughening."

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26.05.2020

"China's military says it is prepared to protect security in Hong Kong, as protests grow"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/26/chinas-military-says-it-is-prepared-to-protect-security-in-
hong-kong-as-protests-grow

Das chinesische Militär hat angesichts neuer Proteste gegen die Verhängung von Sicherheitsgesetzen in Hongkong gedroht, die Souveränität Pekings in der Stadt durchzusetzen. "The warning came as protesters prepared for further demonstrations on Wednesday when the legislature starts debate on a controversial bill to criminalise ridicule of the Chinese national anthem. In an interview with Chinese state television, Chen Daoxiang, the commander of the People’s Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong, said it has the 'determination, confidence and ability to protect national security' in the city. Despite international condemnation, protests on Sunday and further protests planned for this week, Beijing and Hong Kong authorities have refused to back down on Friday’s declaration by China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) to impose national security laws, bypassing Hong Kong’s legislature."

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18.05.2020

"'The end of an era': oil price collapse may force Saudis to rein in arms spending"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/18/the-end-of-an-era-oil-price-collapse-may-force-saudis-to-re
in-in-arms-spending

Saudi-Arabien gilt heute als fünftgrößter Waffenkäufer der Welt. Der Kollaps der Ölpreise und die Corona-bedingte Wirtschaftskrise könnte die "Ära" der saudi-arabischen Aufrüstung nach Ansicht einiger Experten allerdings beenden. "'I have no doubt, this is the end of an era. The era of the Persian Gulf having all this money is over,' said Bruce Riedel, a senior fellow at Brookings in Washington and 30-year veteran of the Central Intelligence Agency, who has served as an adviser on Middle East issues to several US administrations. (…) Not every analyst agrees that the Saudis will rein in spending. Kristian Ulrichsen, Middle East fellow at the Baker Institute for public policy, said he believed the Saudis might seek to double down on their investment in defence, despite economic pressure, amid doubts about US commitment to Saudi security."

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25.02.2020

"Julian Assange was 'handcuffed 11 times and stripped naked'"

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/feb/25/julian-assange-handcuffed-stripped-naked-claim-lawyers

Ben Quinn berichtet über den Umgang mit Julian Assange im britischen Hochsicherheitsgefängnis Belmarsh nach den ersten Anhörungen im Auslieferungsverfahren. "Julian Assange was handcuffed 11 times, stripped naked twice and had his case files confiscated after the first day of his extradition hearing, according to his lawyers, who complained of interference in his ability to take part. (…) Edward Fitzgerald QC, acting for Assange, said the case files, which the prisoner was reading in court on Monday, were confiscated by guards when he returned to prison later that night and that he was put in five cells. The judge, Vanessa Baraitser, replied that she did not have the legal power to comment or rule on Assange’s conditions but encouraged the defence team to formally raise the matter with the prison."

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18.02.2020

"After Suleimani: Iran's scramble to recover from general's death"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/18/after-suleimani-iran-scramble-recover-genera-death-quds-for
ce

Mehrere Wochen nach dem Attentat auf General Suleimani ist Martin Chulov und Dan Sabbagh zufolge deutlich geworden, wie schwer der Iran politisch getroffen worden sei. "In the 40-day mourning period to mark the Iranian general’s death, which ended last Thursday, the fallout in Iraq has barely subsided. If anything, its impact has become more acute there, as well as in Suleimani’s homeland of Iran, and elsewhere in a region he had come to dominate like no other figure. From the bunkers of south Beirut to the battlefields of northern Syria and the combustible streets of Iraq, the loss of Suleimani and his entourage has derailed much of Iran’s momentum in the region and exposed to rare vulnerability the opaque Quds Force it has used to project its influence over two decades. The assassination has also shone a light on the complicated relationship between the Iranian leadership and the Iraqi government, senior members of which have scrambled ever since to resurrect Suleimani’s core regional projects located as far away as the Lebanese capital and Damascus. The reckoning started as soon as the dead were buried."

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18.02.2020

"'I just wanted to die': the torture of an Iraqi protester"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/18/i-just-wanted-to-die-the-torture-of-an-iraqi-protester

Die irakische Regierung unterdrücke die Protestbewegung im eigenen Land mit einer systematischen Gewaltkampagne, berichtet Ghaith Abdul-Ahad in dieser Reportage aus Bagdad. "The Iraqi government’s response to the popular protest movement has been violent and brutal. In four months, security forces killed 669 civilians and injured more than 25,000, according to Iraq’s human rights commission, local NGOs and activists. Some 2,800 are reported to have been detained. Some of these security forces are, the Guardian has been told, following a parallel crackdown to end the protests and silence activists and journalists through kidnappings, intimidations and assassinations. Last month a television reporter and his cameraman were killed in their cars hours after the reporter denounced the clampdown in a Facebook video. Hayder’s kidnapping, it would seem, was part of the same effort. 'From day one, the government chose to pursue violent options in dealing with the protesters,' a senior official at Iraq’s human rights commission told the Guardian, speaking on condition of anonymity."

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15.02.2020

"More than 6,000 bodies found in six mass grave sites in Burundi"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/15/more-than-6000-bodies-found-in-six-mass-grave-sites-in-buru
ndi

In Burundi sind sechs Massengräber mit mehr als 6.000 Leichen entdeckt worden. "Pierre Claver Ndayicariye, the chairman of the Burundi’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, said the remains of 6,032 victims, as well as thousands of bullets, had been recovered. Clothes, glasses and rosaries were used to identify some of the victims. The east African country is struggling to come to terms with a violent past, characterised by colonial occupation, civil war and decades of intermittent massacres. (…) The government-run commission was set up in 2014 to investigate atrocities from 1885, when foreigners arrived in Burundi, to 2008, when a stalled peace deal to end the civil war was fully implemented. So far, it has mapped more than 4,000 mass graves across the country and identified more than 142,000 victims of violence."

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10.02.2020

"Food fears grow as swarms of locusts reach Uganda and Tanzania"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/10/food-fears-grow-as-swarms-of-locusts-reach-uganda-and-tanza
nia

Die verheerende Heuschreckenplage in Ostafrika hat sich Berichten zufolge von Kenia und Somalia nach Uganda und Tansania ausgebreitet. "Tanzania has detected swarms in its northern border areas close to Mount Kilimanjaro and hired three planes to spray pesticide, a tactic seen as the most effective means of countering the spread of the insects. Ugandan authorities have rushed pesticides to affected areas and has mobilised thousands of troops. (…) The outbreak in east Africa is the most serious in decades and has already devastated crops across a swath of Kenya and Somalia. Climate experts have pointed to unusually heavy rains, aided by a powerful cyclone off Somalia in December, as a major factor in the crisis. The locusts arrived from the Arabian peninsula after cyclones dumped vast amounts of rain in the deserts of Oman – creating perfect breeding conditions. (…) The infestation from the Arabian peninsula has also affected India and Pakistan. With further rains expected in the region in the coming weeks, experts fear the number of locusts if unchecked could grow by up to 500 times by June, when drier weather is expected."

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05.02.2020

"Trump's acquittal offers glimpse of America's imploding empire"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/feb/05/trump-acquittal-impeachment-trial-america-imploding-empir
e

Der US-Senat hat das Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen Präsident Trump am Mittwoch wie erwartet mit einem Freispruch beendet. David Smith betrachtet die Episode als Spiegelbild der tiefen politischen Spaltung eines "implodierenden Imperiums". Ein derart ermutigter Trump könnte sich entschließen, eine mögliche Wahlniederlage im November anzufechten, so Smith. "Polarisation is both symptom and cause, the condition that made Trump’s ascent possible, but which he then exploits and entrenches in an endless and increasingly unbreakable cycle. Chris Murphy, a Democratic senator from Connecticut, offered a brilliant summary. 'This trial in so many ways crystallised the completely diametrically opposed threats that Democrats and Republicans see to the country,' he told the New York Times. 'We perceive Donald Trump and his corruption to be an existential threat to the country. They perceive the deep state and the liberal media to be an existential threat to the country.' (…) there are some who worry that he will simply refuse to accept the result, returning to old lies he propagated in 2016 about illegal voting. Will Republicans dare to slap down this modern Caesar and remind him of the rule of law? In this hyperpartisan era, it no longer seems a safe bet. A constitutional crisis over the election result would make even the impeachment trial look like child’s play."

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04.02.2020

"Streatham attack shows Britain needs new ideas on deradicalization"

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/feb/04/terror-attacks-show-britain-needs-new-ideas-on-deradicali
sation

Nach der jüngsten Messerattacke in London erklärt Jamie Grierson, warum die von Konservativen geforderten längeren Haftstrafen die Gefährdung durch terroristische Straftäter nur zeitlich verschieben würden. Es müsse stattdessen nach neuen Wegen zu einer effektiven Deradikalisierung der Betroffenen gesucht werden. "To break the cycle, many have argued it is time for the government to put some time, energy and resources into what happens inside prison, as well as how long offenders should be locked up. No matter when an individual is released, and with the exception of a limited number of the most serious cases, they are all going to have to be released eventually. Nazir Afzal, a former chief prosecutor in the north-west, said without an effective rehabilitation process, delaying release of a prisoner is just delaying an inevitable attack. (…) Currently, the main deradicalisation programme in prisons is called the healthy identity intervention (HII), which delivers one-to-one individually tailored sessions. But ultimately it is experimental. The Ministry of Justice completed a 'process evaluation' when it was piloted and found it was well received by facilitators and participants but its success will not be determined for two more years. While its HII’s success is yet to be formally determined, the delivery of such programmes comes against a backdrop of brutal 40% cuts to the Ministry of Justice, and therefore the prison and probation services for which the department is responsible, over the last 10 years. And what we do know is convicted terrorists are having to be put on waiting lists for the HII programme."

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02.02.2020

"Press freedom is at risk if we allow Julian Assange's extradition"

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/feb/02/press-freedom-is-at-risk-if-we-allow-julian-assanges-extrad
ition?CMP=share_btn_tw

Roy Greenslade warnt, dass eine Auslieferung des in Großbritannien inhaftierten WikiLeaks-Gründers Julian Assange an die USA schwerwiegende Folgen für die Pressefreiheit haben würde. Dies werde auch von Journalisten erkannt, die Assange keineswegs sympathisch gegenüberstehen. "The Daily Telegraph’s Chris Evans says that although he is 'heavily conflicted' about Assange, he is alarmed by 'the implications for journalism' should he be extradited. The Daily Express editor, Gary Jones, is 'reluctant to describe Mr Assange as a journalist', but thinks he 'lifted the lid on very serious abuses of power and corruption' and believes 'the British government should stop his extradition'. (…) I don’t think it’s too far-fetched to see a parallel between the Assange case and the Dreyfus affair in the 1890s, in which a Jewish artillery captain in the French army was falsely convicted of spying. At least Dreyfus was eventually released from Devil’s Island. If the US gets its hands on Assange, there will be precious little hope of escape."

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02.02.2020

"Streatham attacker freed from jail days ago after terror conviction"

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/feb/02/streatham-attacker-was-released-terror-offender-sudesh-am
man

In London sind zwei Menschen durch einen Messerangriff verletzt worden. Beim Täter handelt es sich erneut um einen wegen Terroraktivitäten verurteilten Islamisten, der vorzeitig aus der Haft entlassen wurde. "The man shot dead by police after he stabbed two people in London on Sunday left prison only days ago and had previously been noted by police as having a 'fascination with dying in the name of terrorism', it has emerged. Sudesh Amman, whose attack on Streatham High Road left one person initially in a life-threatening condition, was under active police surveillance at the time of the attack. He had been freed after serving half of his sentence of more than three years for the possession and distribution of extremist material. Jailed aged 18 in December 2018, Amman had been released after serving part of his three year and four month sentence, but was deemed sufficiently high risk that he was under special monitoring by police."

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01.02.2020

"Facebook commitment to free speech will 'piss people off', Zuckerberg says"

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/feb/01/facebook-political-ads-zuckerberg

Facebook-Chef Mark Zuckerberg hat eine neue Strategie beim Umgang seiner Plattform mit kontroversen Beiträgen vorgestellt und dabei besonderes Gewicht auf die Verteidigung der Meinungsfreiheit gelegt. "In a candid discussion at the Silicon Slopes Tech Summit 2020 in Salt Lake City on Friday, Zuckerberg said that since his company is criticized for both what it does and does not do in terms of monitoring use of its platform, it will now support free speech 'because in order to be trusted, people need to know what you stand for'. 'We’re going to stand up for free expression,' he said, apparently referring to the company’s decision to resist pressure to ban political ads because it would be too tough to determine the line between true and false content. (…) His comments are unlikely to dampen pressure on his company, which has almost 1.6bn daily users, to take a more proactive role in editing content for inaccuracies and preventing the misappropriation of data. (…) 'This is the new approach, and I think it’s going to piss off a lot of people,' he said. 'But frankly the old approach was pissing off a lot of people too, so let’s try something different.'"

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28.01.2020

"US dropped record number of bombs on Afghanistan last year"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jan/28/us-afghanistan-war-bombs-2019

Im vergangenen Jahr hat das US-Militär in Afghanistan eigenen Angaben zufolge eine Rekordzahl von Bomben abgeworfen. "The US dropped more bombs on Afghanistan in 2019 than any other year since the Pentagon began keeping a tally in 2006, reflecting an apparent effort to force concessions from the Taliban at the negotiating table. According to new figures released by US central command, US warplanes dropped 7,423 bombs and other munitions on Afghanistan, a nearly eightfold increase from 2015. The increasing intensity of the air campaign has been accompanied by an increase in civilian casualties attributed to US forces. According to UN data, the US accounted for half the 1,149 civilian deaths attributed to pro-government forces in Afghanistan over the first three-quarters of 2019. The Taliban and other insurgent groups were responsible for 1,207 civilian deaths, according to the same figures, as the Taliban also stepped up its attacks over the summer."

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25.01.2020

"What is the coronavirus and how worried should we be?"

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/jan/25/what-is-the-coronavirus-wuhan-china-virus-symptoms

Der Guardian hat die bisher bekannten Informationen über den Coronavirus zusammengetragen. Trotz der nötigen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen bestehe bisher kein Grund für eine internationale Panik, so das Fazit. "The spread of the virus outside China is worrying but not an unexpected development. It increases the likelihood that the World Health Organization will declare the outbreak to be a public health emergency of international concern on Thursday evening. The key concerns are how transmissible this new coronavirus is between people and what proportion become severely ill and end up in hospital. Often viruses that spread easily tend to have a milder impact. Healthcare workers could be at risk if they unexpectedly came across someone with respiratory symptoms who had travelled to an affected region. Generally, the coronavirus appears to be hitting older people hardest, with few cases in children."

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22.01.2020

"'Click I agree': the UN rapporteur says prince tried to intimidate Bezos with message"

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jan/22/click-i-agree-un-rapporteur-says-prince-tried-to-intim
idate-bezos-with-text

UN-Experten vermuten Stephanie Kirchgaessner zufolge, dass der Hack des Smartphones von Jeff Bezos Teil einer weitergehenden saudi-arabischen Kampagne zur Einschüchterung des Eigentümers der Washington Post gewesen sei. "On 8 November 2018, just one month after the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi, Jeff Bezos, the world’s richest man, received an unsolicited text from Mohammed bin Salman’s WhatsApp account. According to the UN, the message from the crown prince of Saudi Arabia contained a single photograph that bore a striking similarity to the woman with whom the married billionaire was having a secret affair. It also contained what appeared to be a sardonic message. It read: 'Arguing with a woman is like reading the Software Licence Agreement. In the end you have to ignore everything and click I agree.' For Agnes Callamard, the UN special rapporteur who is investigating the murder of Khashoggi, it seemed the message was evidence of an attempt by the future king, also known as MBS, to 'intimidate' Bezos. She told the Guardian it appeared intended to make him feel vulnerable, even as his own newspaper, the Washington Post, continued to publish hard-hitting stories about the murder of one of its own journalists."

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22.01.2020

"Guantánamo: psychologist tells of 'abusive drift' in treatment of terror suspects"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jan/22/guantanamo-psychologist-tells-of-abusive-drift-in-treatme
nt-of-terror-suspects

Der US-Psychologe James Mitchell hat nach dem 11. September 2001 aktiv an der Ausarbeitung des CIA-Programms für die Verhöre mutmaßlicher Terroristen mitgearbeitet. Bei seiner Anhörung vor einem Militärtribunal in Guantanamo hat Mitchell nun über neue Details und den "zunehmenden Missbrauch" des Programms berichtet. "A CIA contract psychologist who helped draft the US programme of 'enhanced interrogation' of suspected terrorists has told a military tribunal he was unable to stop cases of 'abusive drift' by an unnamed senior agency official. Giving evidence at a military commission on Guantánamo Bay, James Mitchell gave a detailed account of the 2002 decision to interrogate suspected al-Qaida leaders using waterboarding and other techniques which the US later admitted constituted torture."

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20.01.2020

"Isis founding member confirmed by spies as group's new leader"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/20/isis-leader-confirmed-amir-mohammed-abdul-rahman-al-mawli-a
l-salbi

Westliche Geheimdienste haben dem Guardian zufolge die Identität des Nachfolgers des am 26. Oktober 2019 getöteten IS-Anführers Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi bestätigt. "The new leader of Islamic State has been confirmed as Amir Mohammed Abdul Rahman al-Mawli al-Salbi, according to officials from two intelligence services. He is one of the terror group’s founding members and has led the enslavement of Iraq’s Yazidi minority and has overseen operations around the globe. The Guardian has learned that Salbi was named leader hours after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in October. The name that the group gave for Baghdadi’s replacement at the time, Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Quraishi, was a nom de guerre not recognised by other senior leaders or intelligence agencies. In the three months since the raid that killed Baghdadi, a fuller picture of Salbi has been pieced together by regional and western spies, placing him at the centre of Isis decision-making – and that of its forerunners – and portraying him as a hardened veteran in the same vein as Baghdadi, unflinching in his loyalty to the extremist group."

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15.01.2020

"Exclusive: 2,000 Syrian fighters deployed to Libya to support government"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/15/exclusive-2000-syrian-troops-deployed-to-libya-to-support-r
egime

Ankara-treue Kämpfer syrischer Rebellengruppen sind Guardian-Informationen zufolge nach Libyen gereist, um an der Seite der von der UNO unterstützten Regierung in Tripolis zu kämpfen. Einige Experten erwarten allerdings, dass die Maßnahme der Türkei General Haftar in die Hände spielen könnte. "'This is a very different situation to Syria,' said Claudia Gazzini, a senior Libya analyst with the International Crisis Group. 'Anti-Turkish sentiment is already strong because of Ankara’s intervention and could grow as a result of this, playing in Haftar’s favour.' (…) The fighters have signed six-month contracts directly with the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA), rather than with the Turkish military, SNA sources said, for $2,000 (£1,500) a month – a vast sum compared with the 450-550 Turkish lira (£52-£72) a month they earn in Syria. All have been promised Turkish nationality, a carrot Ankara has used to cajole fighters in brigades on its payroll for several years. (…) Last month, the Guardian reported that an influx of 3,000 Sudanese had been sent to Benghazi to fight for Haftar, joining around 600 Russian mercenaries, in another sign the conflict’s parameters are growing."

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05.01.2020

"Under Boris Johnson, Islamophobia will reach a sinister new level"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jan/05/boris-johnson-islamophobia-sinister-level-muslims

Suhaiymah Manzoor-Khan bezeichnet den britischen Premierminister Boris Johnson als einen der am stärksten offen rassistischen und islamophoben Politiker in der jüngsten Geschichte Großbritanniens. "With the government’s plans – from immigration to counter-extremism – pandering to prejudice, Muslims will be unsafe"

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24.10.2019

"How liberalism became ‘the god that failed’ in eastern Europe"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/24/western-liberalism-failed-post-communist-eastern-europe

Der Guardian präsentiert einen Auszug aus dem Buch "The Light That Failed: A Reckoning" von Ivan Krastev und Stephen Holmes, die sich mit den Ursachen des Scheiterns des Liberalismus in Osteuropa auseinandergesetzt haben. "Across central and eastern Europe, many of the democracies that emerged at the end of the cold war have been transformed into conspiracy-minded majoritarian regimes. (…) No single factor can explain the simultaneous emergence of authoritarian anti-liberalisms in so many differently situated countries in the second decade of the 21st century. Yet resentment at liberal democracy’s canonical status and the politics of imitation in general has played a decisive role. This lack of alternatives, rather than the gravitational pull of an authoritarian past or historically ingrained hostility to liberalism, is what best explains the anti-western ethos dominating post-communist societies today. (…) The ultimate revenge of the central and eastern European populists against western liberalism is not merely to reject the idea of imitating the west, but to invert it. We are the real Europeans, Orbán and Kaczyński repeatedly claim, and if the west will save itself, it will have to imitate the east. As Orbán said in a speech in July 2017: 'Twenty-seven years ago here in Central Europe, we believed that Europe was our future; today we feel that we are the future of Europe.'"

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21.10.2019

"The spectre of Syria silenced Arab protest. But now it’s finding its voice"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/21/syria-arab-spring-egypt-sudan-syria

In den vergangenen Jahren seien politische und soziale Proteste in arabischen Ländern vor allem aufgrund der Furcht vor einem staatlichen Kollaps nach syrischem Vorbild ausgeblieben, schreibt Nesrine Malik. Die jüngsten Proteste in Irak, Ägypten und nun Libanon zeigen ihrer Ansicht nach, dass das Scheitern des Arabischen Frühlings viele Menschen nicht länger abschrecke. "There is now a similar kaleidoscope of images that plays out across Arab cities where lines have been drawn between the people and the government. Sometimes one has to squint to work out whether the throng of bodies and mobile phone screen constellations is in Beirut, Cairo or Khartoum. Both in Lebanon and in Sudan, one scene repeated itself with uncanny similarity; protesters addressing the security forces, the army and the police, rebuking them for not crossing the lines to join their comrades. In Sudan many did cross those lines, joining the revolutionaries against their own employers. That defection, or demand for defection, lies at the heart of the resurgence of political protest. If the Arab revolutions that grew eight years ago were about removing lone dictators, the current wave is about removing an establishment that for too long has drained resources. (...) Dissent will not be chilled by pointing to the failures of the Arab spring. Warnings to remain quiet, pointing to the pitfalls of taking action, are increasingly going unheeded. Arabs are beginning to realise that to excessively fear what may happen in the future is to be tricked into submitting to an unacceptable present."

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30.09.2019

"'Now it's just ghosts': Yemenis living under the shadow of death by airstrike"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/30/yemenis-living-under-the-shadow-of-death-by-airstrike

Bethan McKernan berichtet in dieser Reportage aus Jemen über die Folgen des saudi-arabischen Luftkriegs für die Bevölkerung. "Death comes from above at any time. Over a lunch of chicken, rice and sweet honeyed fatteh, the unmistakable thud of a nearby missile shook the windows of a restaurant. The diners paid no attention to the whine of the Saudi warplane even as it circled back for a second, third and fourth hit. The scorched earth strategy has not brought Saudi Arabia any closer to winning this war. Its crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, then defence minister, launched Operation Decisive Storm in March 2015 after the Iran-backed Houthis took the capital Sana’a, forcing Hadi to flee to Riyadh. However, the Houthis – officially known as Ansar Allah - are an experienced decades-old guerrilla movement. With the help of Tehran, they now possess sophisticated drone technology and can launch cross-border rocket attacks deep into Saudi Arabia, targeting assets such as oilfields, military bases and airports."

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29.09.2019

"Afghanistan election: turnout may have been as low as 20% amid Taliban threats"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/29/afghanistan-election-turnout-as-low-as-20-per-cent-taliban-
threats

Beobachter fürchten, dass die meisten Afghanen der gerade beendeten Präsidentschaftswahl aufgrund der Drohungen und Anschläge der Taliban ferngeblieben sind. "If the figures are consistent with the booths yet to report it would indicate that less than a quarter of the country’s 9.6 million registered voters cast their ballot on Saturday, a steep decline from the approximately 60% of eligible voters who participated in the 2004 polls. An Afghan official told Reuters the turnout figure could be as low as 20%. This would be the lowest level since the 2001 US-led invasion. (...) the election was marred was by accusations of fraud and misconduct, increasing fears of a contested result that could drive the country into further chaos amid resurgent violence by the Taliban, the Afghan national army and its western allies."

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25.09.2019

"Beware, Democrats. Impeaching Trump will backfire"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/25/beware-democrats-impeaching-trump-will-be-a-disaste
r

Carlo Invernizzi-Accetti hält ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen US-Präsident Trump wegen Machtmissbrauchs aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht für durchaus angebracht. In der politischen Realität würde ein solches Verfahren allerdings vor allem den Demokraten schaden, so seine Erwartung. Als warnendes Beispiel verweist er auf die politische Karriere von Silvio Berlusconi: "A cautionary example may be offered here by a figure that anticipated many aspects of Trump’s political style. During the time of Silvio Berlusconi’s premiership in Italy, the country’s left-leaning Democratic party virtually converted itself into a 'party of impeachment'. Although one of the many proceedings initiated against him did result in condemnation, ultimately forcing him out of office, the fact that Berlusconi was not defeated politically at the polls, but only juridically in court, meant that the underlying reasons for his electoral popularity were never dented. Thus, even after Berlusconi’s ouster, the country has seen a succession of populist leaders replicating important features of his political style and substance – from the comedian-turned-politician Beppe Grillo up to the far-right nationalist Matteo Salvini. This shows that there is a risk of legal proceedings distracting from the underlying political issues. If that happens, the US may at most get rid of Trump himself, but wouldn’t necessarily overcome the broader problem of Trump-ism as a political phenomenon."

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22.09.2019

"Saudi Arabia won’t attack Iran. But it may pay someone else to"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/22/saudi-arabia-iran-us-middle-east-saudis

Sollte sich Saudi-Arabien nach dem Angriff auf seine Ölanlagen zu einem Gegenschlag gegen den Iran entschließen, würde es diese Operation kaum selbst durchführen, ist Nesrine Malik überzeugt. "There is a longstanding joke told in the Middle East about Saudi Arabia’s reluctance to fight its own wars. 'Saudi Arabia will fight until the last Pakistani,' the punchline goes, in reference to the fact that Pakistani troops have long supported Saudi’s military endeavours. The punchline has expanded lately to include the Sudanese, a recent addition to the Saudi army’s ground troops. Saudi Arabia is accustomed to buying labour that it deems too menial for its citizens, and it extends that philosophy to its army. There is always a poorer country ready to send cannon fodder for the right price. (...) It is baffling, in the light of last week’s attacks on two Saudi oil facilities, that there is so much speculation about Saudi and Iran going to war. Saudi does not 'go to war': it hires proxies, and depends on US gullibility to continue the lie that it is the regional peacekeeper, and that any threat to the country destabilises the region."

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12.09.2019

"Johnson’s ugly rhetoric thrills the far right, but he’s playing with fire"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/12/boris-johnson-pin-up-far-right-thugs-violence

Owen Jones wirft dem britischen Premierminister vor, mit seiner schlimmen Rhetorik die extreme Rechte zu begeistern. Zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte Großbritanniens gebe es einen Premierminister, den Rechtsextremisten als ihren Anführer betrachteten. "This development should be an alarming warning for Johnson and Cummings. When you assail opponents for backing a 'surrender bill' or denounce them as 'collaborators', as Johnson has done; when you paint a picture, in primary colours, of 'parliament versus the people' – as though a den of traitors is at war with the populace – are you really oblivious to the consequences? Does the sight of tanked-up thugs chanting your name in central London not give you pause for thought? A far-right street movement is real, serious and determined, and our rulers cannot dismiss it as irrelevant. Already, individuals with public platforms who hold unapologetic progressive opinions know that to express them is to put themselves and their loved ones at risk. The danger is that recent events foreshadow something much uglier. In the last election, Labour members were demonised as terrorist supporters and Britain-haters – tropes embraced by the far right. This time, the boots on the street are stronger, the political context more vicious and defined by increasingly irreconcilable divisions. In such a setting, what will an even uglier campaign waged by the Tories and their media outriders mean? Even before Jeremy Corbyn’s team was surrounded by far-right activists – yelling 'traitor' and 'We love you, Boris, we do' – in Salford last week, members of his operation fretted about the rising security threat."

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23.06.2019

"Ekrem İmamoğlu: who is Istanbul election winner and how did he do it?"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/23/ekrem-imamoglu-turkeys-unexpected-new-hope-in-fight-for-dem
ocracy

Ekrem Imamoglu hat die Bürgermeisterwahl in der türkischen Metropole Istanbul auch beim zweiten Mal gewonnen. Damit ist der Oppositionspolitiker Bethan McKernan zufolge zum wichtigsten innenpolitischen Rivalen von Präsident Erdogan und zu einer unerwarteten neuen Hoffnung für die türkische Demokratie aufgestiegen. "Despite almost blanket pro-government media coverage for Yıldırım, İmamoğlu’s March campaign managed to draw votes from the city’s Kurdish minority who were unhappy with the arrests of Kurdish politicians, as well as working-class AKP voters suffering from an inflation rate above 20% and rising unemployment. The shock CHP victory broke Islamist parties’ grip on Turkey’s biggest city and economic heart for the first time in 25 years. In the build up to Sunday’s rerun, the AKP has recalibrated its platform, reaching out to Kurdish voters and even rebranding some of İmamoğlu’s policies as its own, such as subsidised public transport for young people. The AKP efforts have come to naught, however: able to play both victor and victim in this weekend’s vote, İmamoğlu has cast the new election as a battle for the future of Turkish democracy. Opinion polls showed his lead over Yildirim had widened by 8-9%."

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23.06.2019

"US launched cyber attack on Iranian rockets and missiles – reports"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/23/us-launched-cyber-attack-on-iranian-rockets-and-missiles-re
ports

Das US-Militär hat Berichten zufolge am vergangenen Donnerstag Cyberangriffe gegen iranische Raketensysteme durchgeführt. "The US military launched a cyber-attack on Iranian weapons systems on Thursday, according to sources, as President Donald Trump backed away from plans for a more conventional strike in response to Iran’s downing of a US surveillance drone. The hack disabled Iranian computer systems that controlled its rocket and missile launchers, two officials told the Associated Press, and were conducted with approval from Trump. A third official confirmed the broad outlines of the strike. All spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak publicly about the operation."

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