US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Guardian


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24.01.2022

"China sends largest incursion of warplanes into Taiwan defence zone since October"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/jan/24/china-sends-largest-incursion-of-warplanes-into-taiwan-defe
nce-zone-since-october

Zum wiederholten Male seien chinesische Kampfflugzeuge in Taiwans Luftverteidigungszone eingedrungen, informiert Helen Davidson. "China's air force flew 39 warplanes into Taiwan's air defence identification zone on Sunday, the largest daily number since record-breaking incursions in October. Taiwan's Ministry of Defence said it had tasked aircraft in response, issued radio warnings to the People's Liberation Army (PLA) pilots and deployed missile defence systems to monitor the activity. (…) Beijing considers Taiwan to be a province of China, and has not ruled out taking it by force."

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18.01.2022

"Torture complaint filed against new president of Interpol"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/jan/18/torture-complaint-filed-against-new-president-of-interpol

Gegen den Präsidenten der internationalen Polizeiorganisation Interpol, Ahmed Nasser al-Raisi, seien erneut Foltervorwürfe erhoben worden, informiert The Guardian. "A lawyer representing a jailed human rights defender in the United Arab Emirates has filed a torture complaint against the new president of Interpol, Maj Gen Ahmed Nasser al-Raisi, as the official made his first visit to the international police agency's headquarters in the French city of Lyon. William Bourdon, a lawyer for the Emirati human rights defender and blogger Ahmed Mansour, said he filed the complaint against al-Raisi in a Paris court under the principle of universal jurisdiction. (…) Separately, lawyers for two Britons who had accused al-Raisi of torture filed a criminal complaint Tuesday with investigative judges of the specialised judicial unit for crimes against humanity and war crimes of the Paris Tribunal."

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17.01.2022

"Russia moves troops to Belarus for joint exercises near Ukraine border"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/jan/17/russia-moves-troops-to-belarus-for-joint-exercises-near-ukr
aine-border

Russland habe begonnen, für gemeinsame Militärübungen Truppen nach Belarus zu verlegen, erläutert Andrew Roth. "The joint military exercises, named United Resolve, are to take place as Russia also musters forces along Ukraine's eastern border, threatening a potential invasion that could unleash the largest conflict in Europe for decades. (…) No concrete troop numbers or timeframe have been named for the joint Russia-Belarus exercises, which Putin announced during a summit with Lukashenko in late December."

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12.01.2022

"The people of Afghanistan are starving; to turn our backs on them is morally wrong"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/jan/12/people-afghanistan-starving-sanctions-before-food-g
ordon-brown

Das Zögern der internationalen Gemeinschaft, der Hungersnot in Afghanistan entgegenzuwirken, werde Konsequenzen haben, warnt der ehemalige Premierminister Großbritanniens, Gordon Brown. "These may take the form of mass migration to the west, rising production of heroin and the recruitment of terrorists who will claim that the world's failure to act proves coexistence is impossible. (…) The next step must be a UN-backed pledging conference, and I have written to both the UK foreign secretary and the EU president asking them to co-convene it. (…) To turn our backs now on ordinary Afghans in their hour of greatest need would be the final insult: a badge of shame that the free world would carry for ever."

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09.01.2022

"At least 200 villagers killed by bandits in north-west Nigeria"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/jan/09/hundreds-villagers-killed-by-bandits-in-north-west-nigeria

Bei einem Angriff auf mehrere Dörfer im Nordwesten Nigerias seien in der vergangenen Woche mindestens zweihundert Personen getötet worden, beobachtet Emmanuel Akinwotu. "Gunmen, themselves fleeing from airstrikes by the Nigerian army, attacked villages for days, opening fire and burning homes between Tuesday and Thursday. (…) The military said it had conducted airstrikes in the early hours of Monday on targets in the Gusami forest and west Tsamre village in the east of Zamfara state, killing more than 100 militants, including two of their leaders. Several bandit groups, each with hundreds of gunmen, have waged attacks from hideouts in forests that span central and north-west Nigeria and parts of Niger."

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17.12.2021

"Russia-Ukraine crisis: where are Putin's troops and what are his options?"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/dec/17/russia-ukraine-crisis-putin-troops-visual-guide-explainer

David Blood, Niels de Hoog und Andrew Roth geben einen Überblick über Russlands Truppenbewegungen nahe der ukrainischen Grenze: "Current estimates say Russia has about 50 BTGs [battalion tactical groups] in the border region, already a significant force that could overrun Ukrainian defensive positions. (…) Many of the heavy weapons stationed near Ukraine arrived in the spring, when Russia put an estimated 110,000 troops with tanks and other heavy weaponry near the border."

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13.12.2021

"Russia vetoes UN security council resolution linking climate crisis to international peace"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/dec/13/russia-vetoes-un-security-council-resolution-climate-crisis
-international-peace

Russland habe sein Veto gegen eine Resolution des UN-Sicherheitsrates eingelegt, in der die Klimakrise erstmals als Bedrohung für die internationale Sicherheit eingestuft worden wäre, so The Guardian. "Of the UN's 193 member countries, 113 supported it, including 12 of the council's 15 members. But India and veto-wielding Russia voted no, while China abstained. Their envoys said the issue should remain with broader UN groups, such as the Framework Convention on Climate Change."

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10.12.2021

"Julian Assange can be extradited to US to face espionage charges, court rules"

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2021/dec/10/julian-assange-can-be-extradited-to-us-to-face-espionage-ch
arges-court-rules

Ein britisches Gericht habe das Auslieferungsverbot für den WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange an die USA aufgehoben, beobachtet Ben Quinn. "Julian Assange can be extradited to the US, the high court has ruled as it overturned a judgment earlier this year. The decision deals a major blow to the WikiLeaks co-founder's efforts to prevent his extradition to the US to face espionage charges, although his fiancee immediately indicated that an appeal would be launched."

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03.12.2021

"Saudi warplanes carpet-bomb Yemen with US help. This must end"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/dec/03/saudi-warplanes-carpet-bomb-yemen-with-us-help-this
-must-end

Die USA müssten jegliche Unterstützung für Saudi-Arabiens militärisches Vorgehen im Jemen-Krieg beenden, fordern die US-Politiker Ro Khanna und Bernie Sanders. "American defense contractors continue to service Saudi planes that are waging this war and the United States just announced new arms sales to the Saudis. (…) The US may not be able to stop all the violence it helped create, but it can stop enabling Saudi warplanes to bomb Yemeni civilians. Doing so will save lives - not only the Yemenis spared in Saudi bombing runs, but also by utilizing its leverage to pressure Saudi Arabia to lift the blockade on Yemen, which continues to block fuel and other essential imports into the country, pushing millions of Yemenis toward the brink of starvation."

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05.11.2021

"Nine Ethiopian factions to form alliance against government"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/05/nine-ethiopian-factions-to-form-alliance-against-government

Neun regierungskritische Gruppierungen planten, eine Allianz gegen die äthiopische Regierung zu bilden, beobachtet The Guardian. "The alliance, called the United Front of Ethiopian Federalist and Confederalist Forces, includes the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), which has been fighting Abiy's government for a year in a war that has killed thousands of people and forced more than 2 million more from their homes. (…) The groups will hold a signing ceremony on Friday in Washington, they said in the announcement."

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21.09.2021

"Xi's army: from 'hiding and biding' to building China's dream"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/sep/21/xis-army-from-hiding-and-biding-to-building-chinas-dream

Vincent Ni beschreibt die Entwicklung des chinesischen Militärs: "Historically, China's military has played a minor role in Beijing's foreign policy. But since president Xi Jinping came to power nearly a decade ago, Beijing has moved away from the 'hiding and biding' doctrine to 'actively accomplishing something' on the world stage. In 2015, Xi urged his forces to play a more prominent role in supporting China's foreign policy agenda. (…) By the end of this year, Beijing will increase its defence spending by 6.8% to 1.35tn yuan ($208bn)."

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09.09.2021

"Al-Qaida: the terror group that learned the secret of longevity"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/sep/09/al-qaida-the-terror-group-that-learned-the-secret-of-longev
ity

Jason Burke erläutert, weshalb Al-Qaida bis heute nicht besiegt werden konnte. "The first obvious advantage enjoyed by al-Qaida has been the failures and weaknesses of its adversaries. The group's propaganda has sought to portray local governments across the Islamic world as corrupt, incompetent, repressive and exclusive. (…) Al-Qaida has survived 33 years because it has evolved. Throughout its bloody history, it has changed with the times."

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09.09.2021

"Indonesian troops may regularly join training on Australian soil as defence ties deepen"

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2021/sep/09/indonesian-troops-may-join-training-on-australian-
soil-for-the-first-time-as-defence-ties-deepen

Australien und Indonesien planten eine engere Kooperation im Verteidigungsbereich, erklärt Daniel Hurst. "Australia's defence minister, Peter Dutton, and foreign minister, Marise Payne, met with their Indonesian counterparts in Jakarta on Thursday, on the first leg of a four-country trip that will also include India, South Korea and the United States. Indonesia's defence minister, Prabowo Subianto, said he and Dutton had discussed 'the possibility of Australia opening their training areas for the participation of Indonesian units to be training together with Australia'. (…) Speaking after he and Dutton agreed to update the countries' defence cooperation arrangement, Prabowo said: 'We are close neighbours and we would like to be even closer friends.'"

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01.09.2021

"Biden calls for new era in US foreign policy in defensive Afghanistan speech"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/aug/31/joe-biden-afghanistan-speech-us-military

Künftig wolle US-Präsident Joe Biden eine Außenpolitik betreiben, die sich nicht auf militärische Stärke stütze, berichtet Julian Borger. "Addressing the nation from the White House 24 hours after the last US soldier left Kabul, Biden sought to confront his critics about the handling of the withdrawal. He celebrated the evacuation of 124,000 civilians in the 17 days following the fall of the Afghan capital and said it was time to 'turn the page' on the US role abroad, pointing to a less interventionist future. 'This decision about Afghanistan is not just about Afghanistan. It's about ending an era of major military operations to remake other countries,' the president said."

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23.08.2021

"Thailand's Protests Are Turning Dangerously Violent"

https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/08/23/thailand-protests-violence/

In Thailand würden Proteste unterschiedlicher Gruppierungen zunehmend von staatlicher Seite gewaltsam niedergeschlagen, klärt Tyler Roney auf. "The protest movement has seen a number of flash points - from quarantine defiance to water cannons and rubber duckies - but the protests and the retaliatory violence continue to escalate. A chaotic mixture of organizers and groups now compete for attention. Sometimes followers of ousted Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra known as the red shirts will drive around the city honking their horns in what's referred to as a car mob. Sometimes the student-led Free Youth will pursue more aggressive tactics. And for the last week, Din Daeng intersection has seen nightly clashes with police, even as the wider protest movement encourages nonviolence. The intersection, a major roadway in the heart of Bangkok, has become synonymous with protest and police violence."

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23.08.2021

"'Nothing to eat': Somalia hit by triple threat of climate crisis, Covid and conflict"

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/aug/23/nothing-to-eat-somalia-hit-by-triple-threat-of
-climate-crisis-covid-and-conflict

Moulid Hujale und Lizzy Davies geben einen Überblick über die Situation im krisengeplagten Somalia. "Prolonged droughts, shrinking water resources and lack of fertile land are fuelling tensions between clans and creating large-scale displacement across Somalia. A cluster of overlapping crises are menacing the fragile east African country, with the climate crisis exacerbating existing conflicts and contributing to new ones, Covid-19 claiming lives and livelihoods, and political instability never far away."

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16.08.2021

"Taliban declares 'war is over in Afghanistan' as foreign powers exit Kabul"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/16/taliban-declares-war-is-over-in-afghanistan-as-us-led-force
s-exit-kabul

Nach der Besetzung des Präsidentenpalastes in Kabul hätten die Taliban verkündet, die Kontrolle über Afghanistan übernommen zu haben, schreibt Hannah Ellis-Petersen. "'Today is a great day for the Afghan people and the mujahideen [Taliban],' said Taliban spokesman Mohammad Naeem. 'They have witnessed the fruits of their efforts and their sacrifices for 20 years. Thanks to God, the war is over in the country.' (…) The Taliban are expected to proclaim a new Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in the coming days."

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12.08.2021

"'I worry my daughters will never know peace': women flee the Taliban - again"

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/aug/12/i-worry-my-daughters-will-never-know-peace-wom
en-flee-the-taliban-again-afghanistan

Zainab Pirzad, Robaba Rezaie und Atifa Allizada werfen einen Blick auf die Lage von Frauen in den umkämpften Gebieten Afghanistans. "Reports of Taliban advances into villages and towns across Afghanistan have spread fear among women across the country. (…) The Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations confirmed that reports had been received of the Taliban killing civilian men and forcing women and girls into marriage. (…) However, 38-year-old Ziagul from Bamiyan does not need a government agency to tell her that the Taliban are using women as 'weapons of war'. (…) 'Even then when they attacked Bamiyan (in the 1990s), they had raped women. This fear has always been in our minds. That's why we ran away, to prevent this from happening again,' she says."

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10.08.2021

"More than 200 children remain abducted in Nigeria amid 'kidnap epidemic'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/10/more-than-200-children-remain-abducted-in-nigeria-amid-kidn
ap-epidemic

Entführungen von Kindern seien in Nigeria noch immer an der Tagesordnung, bemerkt Emmanuel Akinwotu. "More than 200 schoolchildren remain abducted by armed 'bandit' groups in northern Nigeria, among more than 1,000 students taken this year as schools in northern Nigeria have become prime targets. (...) A startling absence of security and - according to many communities - a reluctance to meaningfully engage armed threats have rapidly turned much of northern Nigeria into a haven for kidnap gangs and a hell for thousands of families."

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10.08.2021

"China court upholds death sentence against Canadian Robert Schellenberg"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/10/china-death-sentence-canadian-robert-schellenberg-michael-s
pavor

Ein chinesisches Gericht habe den Kanadier Robert Schellenberg wegen Drogenschmuggels zum Tode verurteilt, vermeldet Helen Davidson. "Schellenberg has been detained in China since 2014, when he was accused of attempting to smuggle 225kg of methamphetamine to Australia. (…) His case is one of at least two involving Canadian detainees expected to hear a result as early as Tuesday, in what observers and foreign governments have labeled 'hostage diplomacy' by Chinese authorities over an ongoing extradition hearing in Canada for a Huawei executive wanted in the US. (…) The arrest of the men and the retrial of Schellenberg have been linked to Canada's arrest of Chinese Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou, which occurred just days earlier. (…) The ongoing extradition hearing in Canada has sent Canada-China relations plummeting."

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04.08.2021

"North Korea wants sanctions eased on metal, fuel and 'liquor and suits' to restart US talks"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/04/north-korea-wants-sanctions-eased-on-metal-fuel-and-liquor-
and-suits-to-restart-us-talks

Nordkorea fordere als Bedingung für Gespräche zur nuklearen Abrüstung die Aufhebung von Sanktionen in empfindlichen Sektoren, meldet The Guardian. "Last week the two Koreas restored hotlines that North Korea suspended a year ago, the first hint in months that Pyongyang might be more responsive to engagement efforts. (…) Citing Park, Ha Tae-keung, a member of the parliamentary intelligence committee, told reporters on Tuesday: 'As a precondition to reopen talks, North Korea argues that the United States should allow mineral exports and imports of refined oil and necessities'. (…) Washington has given no indication of a willingness to ease sanctions ahead of any talks."

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03.08.2021

"Why the internet in Cuba has become a US political hot potato"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/03/why-the-internet-in-cuba-has-become-a-us-political-hot-pota
to

Die Administration von US-Präsident Joe Biden prüfe, ob sie den Internetzugang in Kuba verbessern könne, schildern Ed Augustin und Daniel Montero. "Hundreds of Cuban-Americans marched against the regime in Washington last week, and politicians are trying to leverage political capital: Florida senator Marco Rubio has called for the US to beam balloon-supplied internet to the island nation, while Joe Biden said his administration is assessing whether it can increase Cuba's connectivity. (…) Experts say it's unclear how internet access could be increased at scale if the host nation is unwilling to cooperate."

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01.08.2021

"Resurgent Taliban escalates nationwide offensive in Afghanistan"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/01/resurgent-taliban-escalates-nationwide-offensive-in-afghani
stan

Die Taliban hätten ihre Offensive in Afghanistan ausgeweitet, drei Großstädte angegriffen und einen Flughafen im Süden mit Raketen attackiert, bemerkt Peter Beaumont. "As Afghan government forces struggled with a resurgent Taliban after the withdrawal of US-led foreign forces, hundreds of commandos were deployed to the economically important western city of Herat, while authorities in the southern city of Lashkar Gah called for more troops to rein in the assaults amid fierce fighting. (…) The spokesperson for the Afghan armed forces, Gen Ajmal Omar Shinwari, told a press conference on Sunday that three provinces in southern and western Afghanistan faced critical security situations."

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30.07.2021

"Israel blames Iran for attack on tanker that killed Briton and Romanian"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jul/30/two-reportedly-killed-in-attack-on-israeli-linked-oil-tanke
r-off-oman

Israel beschuldige Iran, für einen Drohnenangriff auf einen Öltanker vor der Küste Omans verantwortlich zu sein, schreiben Martin Chulov und Dan Sabbagh. Zwei Besatzungsmitglieder des Schiffes seien bei dem Angriff ums Leben gekommen. "The Liberian flagged Mercer Street, which is linked to an Israeli tycoon, was hit off the coast of Oman late on Thursday in what is thought to have been a swarm attack involving multiple drones. The strike appeared to fit a pattern of previous attacks on maritime traffic linked to Iran and Israel carried out in a shadow war between the two foes. (…) The deaths are likely to spark a more significant response in coming days than the dozens of prior strikes, which caused only material damage."

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26.07.2021

"Pentagon chief 'deeply concerned' by sharp rise in suicides among US troops"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/jul/26/defense-secretary-concerned-rise-suicides-us-troops

Die Zahl der Selbstmorde unter US-Soldatinnen und Soldaten im aktiven Dienst sei im vergangenen Jahr stark angestiegen, bemerkt Maya Yang. "The defense secretary, Lloyd Austin, has expressed concern about the alarming spike in suicides among US forces. In 2020, 385 active-duty soldiers died by suicide, marking a steep increase from the 326 cases reported by the Pentagon in 2018. (…) In addition to physical improvements, army officials have stressed the need for improving mental health accessibility on bases."

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25.07.2021

"Emmanuel Macron 'pushes for Israeli inquiry' into NSO spyware concerns"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jul/25/emmanuel-macron-pushes-for-israeli-inquiry-into-nso-spyware
-concerns

Frankreichs Präsident Emmanuel Macron habe mit Israels Ministerpräsidenten Naftali Bennett telefoniert, um sicherzustellen, dass die israelische Regierung den kürzlich bekanntgewordenen Vorwürfen in Bezug auf die NSO-Spionagesoftware nachgehe, bemerkt Bethan McKernan. "In a phone call, Macron expressed concern that his phone and those of most of his cabinet could have been infected with Pegasus, hacking software developed by the Israeli surveillance firm NSO Group, which enables operators of the tool to extract messages, photos and emails, record calls and secretly activate microphones from infected devices. (…) NSO has said Macron was not a 'target' of any of its customers, meaning the company denies he was selected for surveillance using Pegasus."

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23.07.2021

"Violence against Africa's children is rising. It stains our collective conscience"

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/jul/23/violence-against-africas-children-is-rising-it
-stains-our-collective-conscience

Die Gewalt gegen Kinder in Afrika nehme zu, beobachtet Graça Machel. "Violence against children is once more on the rise driven partly by online sexual exploitation and child sexual abuse tourism and recently by lockdowns and school closures. (…) Armed conflicts by groups such as Boko Haram in Nigeria, al-Shabaab in Somalia and Amba separatists in Cameroon, frequently target children, making them the most common victims of abductions, rape, forced marriages and murder. (…) Ending violence against children is one of the most important priorities of our time, and it will not happen without strong political leadership."

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18.07.2021

"What is Pegasus spyware and how does it hack phones?"

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2021/jul/18/what-is-pegasus-spyware-and-how-does-it-hack-phones

Sam Cutler und David Pegg erklären die Funktionsweise der von der israelischen Firma NSO Group entwickelten Spionagesoftware "Pegasus": "Pegasus infections can be achieved through so-called 'zero-click' attacks, which do not require any interaction from the phone's owner in order to succeed. (…) Once installed on a phone, Pegasus can harvest more or less any information or extract any file. SMS messages, address books, call history, calendars, emails and internet browsing histories can all be exfiltrated."

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15.07.2021

"Kremlin papers appear to show Putin's plot to put Trump in White House"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jul/15/kremlin-papers-appear-to-show-putins-plot-to-put-trump-in-w
hite-house

Russlands Präsident Wladimir Putin soll versucht haben, Donald Trump bei der US-Wahl 2016 zum Sieg zu verhelfen, schreiben Julian Borger, Luke Harding und Dan Sabbagh. "Vladimir Putin personally authorised a secret spy agency operation to support a 'mentally unstable' Donald Trump in the 2016 US presidential election during a closed session of Russia's national security council, according to what are assessed to be leaked Kremlin documents. The key meeting took place on 22 January 2016, the papers suggest, with the Russian president, his spy chiefs and senior ministers all present. (…) Russia's three spy agencies were ordered to find practical ways to support Trump, in a decree appearing to bear Putin's signature."

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