US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Christian Science Monitor


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15.01.2020

"Why Europe seeks to fix Libya – for its own future"

https://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2020/0115/Why-Europe-seeks-to-fix-Libya-for-its-ow
n-future

Vor der am Sonntag geplanten Libyen-Konferenz in Berlin erinnert der Christian Science Monitor daran, dass der Konflikt in dem nordafrikanischen Land auch für die umstrittene europäische Migrationspolitik von zentraler Bedeutung sei. "Much of [Merkel´s] effort to deal with the migrants already in Europe and to stem the flow of new ones has had some success. But now Libya’s near-collapse could open the floodgates again. In addition, the World Bank estimates climate change will force 86 million people in sub-Saharan Africa to migrate by 2050. Many would attempt to reach Europe. Ms. Merkel, like the EU, has been on a long learning curve about migration. The issue even played into Britain’s vote to exit the EU. Within Germany, Ms. Merkel’s chosen successor, Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, has called on politicians to value 'the binding over the divisive.' At Sunday’s summit in Berlin, Ms. Merkel will try again to seek common ground for peace in Libya so that her own country and the EU can find peace on the divisive issue of migration."

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08.01.2020

"Iran crisis: Why Gulf Arabs increasingly see US as a liability"

https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2020/0108/Iran-crisis-Why-Gulf-Arabs-increasingly-see-US-as-a
-liability

Mit dem Attentat auf General Soleimani habe US-Präsident Trump laufende diplomatische Annäherungsversuche zwischen Teheran und den Golfstaaten torpediert, berichtet Taylor Luck. Unter früheren Umständen wäre die Militäroperation von den arabischen Verbündeten der USA durchaus begrüßt worden, aktuell habe sie Zweifel an der Verlässlichkeit Washingtons verstärkt. "Now, blindsided Gulf leaders are flying around the world to try to prevent a conflict they once sought, but now fear. And they face an even larger challenge: What to do about an ally like America? Amid what they see as D.C.’s erratic policies, internal chaos, and broken promises, many conclude that America is becoming a 'liability.' The Gulf’s dramatic turnabout with Iran was partially fueled by the Trump administration’s perceived unwillingness to protect Arab states from Iranian attacks. 'What the Gulf countries are really afraid of now is that the U.S. will start a war with Iran and walk away,' says Kenneth Pollack, a Middle East expert at the American Enterprise Institute. 'They are absolutely terrified that Trump has stirred up the hornets’ nest, the Iranians will retaliate, and he will leave them holding the bag.'"

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22.01.2019

"New Russian order: After presidency, yet another role for Putin?"

https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2019/0122/New-Russian-order-After-presidency-yet-another-role-for-
Putin

In Russland gebe es bereits jetzt die Überlegung, Präsident Putin nach dem Ende seiner wohl letzten Amtszeit in einer neuen Rolle politisch einzubeziehen, berichtet Fred Weir aus Moskau. "(...) some are talking up schemes to keep Mr. Putin – and the relatively stable status quo he guarantees – in some position of having the final word on critical matters. Those are sure signs that a serious debate is beginning to erupt in Russia's political elite. Its outcome may change Russia's constitutional system, for better or worse, and determine what kind of country will emerge from the long period that people now call 'the Putin era.' (...) Experts say there are three basic ideas under discussion for navigating the transition away from Putin, while maintaining Putin himself in some supreme capacity. One is the idea of creating a new state from a union of Russia and Belarus, which would require new political structures to rule it. (...) A second plan would expand the powers of the State Council, a Kremlin advisory body that already deliberates on matters of high policy but has no formal authority. (...) The third idea is the path not taken after the Soviet collapse; turning Russia into a parliamentary republic, and perhaps keeping Putin as symbolic head of state. (...) Some analysts, such as Petrov, believe that key decisions will have to be taken soon, so that the new power arrangements are up and running smoothly before the end of Putin's current presidential term in 2024."

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08.08.2018

"Syria needs to be a blueprint for peacemaking"

https://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2018/0808/Syria-needs-to-be-a-blueprint-for-peacem
aking

Der Christian Science Monitor meint, dass die Verhandlungen zur Beendigung des Kriegs in Syrien genutzt werden sollten, um neue Wege der internationalen Konfliktlösung zu beschreiten. "The dynamics of Syria are complex but one aspect stands out: The West appears willing and able to finance the rebuilding of the country if there is a political transition from President Bashar al-Assad that would include a new constitution and elections. (...) Negotiators need to use that lure of a peaceful, prosperous Syria to win over the players with the biggest stake in its future. As the British report finds, based on research about 21 recent conflicts, resolving a war must rely on progress in understanding what often drives a country’s warring elites: 'perceptions of fear and insecurity and forms of envy, rivalry, hatred, prejudice, solidarity and loyalty.' Today’s conflicts that can’t seem to end need a new model of peacemaking. For several years, Syria has been the world’s biggest war. Soon, with fresh thinking about peacemaking, it could be the best example of how to end a war."

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31.07.2018

"Has US misread the Iranian street?"

https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2018/0731/Has-US-misread-the-Iranian-street

Scott Peterson zufolge hat die US-Regierung die Stimmung im Iran nach den innenpolitischen Protesten vor einigen Monaten völlig falsch eingeschätzt. So hätten die jüngsten Äußerungen Donald Trumps das Regime in Teheran und weite Teile der Bevölkerung eher zusammengeführt. Auch die Volksmodschahedin (MEK) kämen für viele Iraner als politische Alternative nicht in Frage. "Administration officials say they are 'supporting Iranian voices' by abetting anti-regime sentiment and taking advantage of frequent local protests in Iran. But, say Iranians and analysts, the apparent lack of a US strategic vision for a post-regime Iran, and administration officials’ association with the Mojahedin-e Khalq (MEK) – an exiled, cult-like opposition group reviled inside Iran – have instead yielded rare levels of Iranian unity. (...) 'I know some young people who were really disgusted with the regime … but some of them are not so sure about revolution anymore, because the MEK image here is not what these people want as the new leadership,' says the analyst. 'These activities by Trump and his aides to get close to the MEK scared lots of people – indirectly helping people move away from the idea of revolution against the mullahs,' he says."

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20.02.2018

"In Tunis suburb, a revolutionary demand: jobs, not freedoms"

https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2018/0220/In-Tunis-suburb-a-revolutionary-demand-jobs-not-fre
edoms

Taylor Luck berichtet aus Douar Hicher im Norden Tunesiens, dass die eigentlichen Ursachen der Revolution des Arabischen Frühlings heute stärker denn je zu Tage treten. Für viele junge Tunesier seien Arbeitsplätze wichtiger als neue politische Freiheiten. Die Regierung habe dies nach wie vor nicht erkannt, so die Warnung einiger Aktivisten. "'Our problem isn’t politics or freedoms: it is unemployment and marginalization,' says Oussama Marassi, a humanitarian and political activist, who like many residents is without electricity or running water. 'Seven years after the revolution, and either our politicians still haven’t learned that, or they just don’t care.' (...) Experts warn that these populations, after having their hopes raised by the Arab Spring, may be the ones to carry the next stage of popular protests and insurrection, and represent the greatest political threat to their governments. (...) Since the 2011 revolution, urban migration from rural areas has increased dramatically. The population of three-square-mile Douar Hicher grew from 80,000 to more than 100,000 between 2014 and 2017 alone. According to a 2014 World Bank report, some 90 percent of rural families in Tunisia report that members have migrated to urban centers. Many end up in Douar Hicher."

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02.02.2018

"Afghanistan by the numbers: inside the fight over facts"

https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2018/0202/Afghanistan-by-the-numbers-inside-the-fight-over-fa
cts

Scott Peterson macht darauf aufmerksam, dass die amerikanische Öffentlichkeit über den Stand des Krieges in Afghanistan nach Ansicht vieler Experten nicht mehr angemessen informiert wird. Jahrelang öffentlich zugängliche Zahlen zum Krieg werden demnach vom US-Militär nicht länger zur Verfügung gestellt. "The increased opacity comes after Mr. Trump last summer ordered several thousand more US troops to Afghanistan, raising the total level to some 14,000, on a mission to secure 'victory.' Airstrikes have been ramped up to the highest level since 2010. 'Of course it’s a cover-up. What else can it be, when you hide figures? The thing is, it is not going well,' says Thomas Ruttig, a co-director of the Kabul-based Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN) with decades of experience in Afghanistan. 'There are millions and millions [of dollars] thrown out for what they call 'public diplomacy' and 'narrative building,' or whatever, and no one except themselves is believing in it,' says Mr. Ruttig, speaking from Berlin."

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05.05.2017

"Why many Ukrainians think it's time to give up on Russian-occupied region"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2017/0505/Why-many-Ukrainians-think-it-s-time-to-give-up-on-Russian
-occupied-region

Immer mehr Ukrainer wären Yuras Karmanau zufolge bereit, das umkämpfte Donezbecken im Osten des Landes aufzugeben bzw. es zumindest zeitweise als russisch besetztes Gebiet zu akzeptieren. "This would effectively kill the Minsk peace agreement brokered by Germany and France, which aims to preserve a united Ukraine. (...) Almost half of Ukrainians, however, favor declaring the separatist-controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions to be occupied, according to a poll conducted by the Razumkov Center. (...) 'It is obvious that Ukrainian society supports the isolation and blockade of the Donbass. And this is exactly what is dictating President Poroshenko’s behavior,' said Razumkov Center sociologist Andrei Bychenko. 'If Poroshenko plans to seek a second term, he has to think about the mood of society, not about the expectations of the West.'"

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19.04.2017

"The twin goals behind North Korea's resolve on nuclear weapons"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2017/0419/The-twin-goals-behind-North-Korea-s-resolve-on-nucl
ear-weapons

Mit seinem Militärschlag gegen Syrien habe US-Präsident Trump Nordkoreas Willen, ein eigenes atomares Abschreckungspotential zu entwickeln, eher noch gestärkt, schreibt Michael Holtz. Die Fortführung des Atomwaffenprogramms werde vom Regime als Frage des eigenen Überlebens betrachtet. Dabei wolle Nordkorea dem Entwicklungspfad Chinas folgen. "Few nations understand North Korea’s logic better than China, which followed a similar path in the second half of the 20th century. [John Delury, an associate professor of Chinese studies at Yonsei University in Seoul,] says that China's development of a nuclear weapon in the 1960s gave it a strong sense of external security, and helped spur the Chinese Communist Party to turn its attention to liberalizing the economy in the late 1970s. With their shared history in mind, it comes as little surprise that China has been so reluctant to put more economic pressure on North Korea – and not only because it doesn’t want to push the regime to the point of collapse, a worst-case scenario for Beijing. 'The bottom line is the Chinese don’t think pressure is going to work,' Delury says. 'They well understand that this is a stubborn, prideful, independent neighbor, but that twisting their arm makes the problem worse.'"

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04.03.2017

"Will the US and Russia dance or duel?"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/2017/0304/Will-the-US-and-Russia-dance-or-duel

Die künftigen Beziehungen zwischen den USA und Russland werden im Zeichen einer grundsätzlich neuen Ausrichtung der russischen Außenpolitik stehen, erwartet Peter Ford. "From the Middle East to Latin America, from Ukraine to China, Russia is flexing its diplomatic and military muscles in a manner not witnessed since the cold war. And the world had better get used to it. 'Russia is not some regional dwarf,' says Andrei Klimov, deputy head of the international affairs committee of the upper house of parliament, 'but a world power with its own zone of influence.' That attitude spells trouble for the international system that America has dominated for decades. (...) In the end, Russia’s moves around the world – its military adventurism in Syria, its cyber-troublemaking in Europe, and the common front it is forging with China – bespeak a country no longer willing to cede the role of global sheriff to the US."

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28.02.2017

"In Ukraine, blockade threatens to force issue at heart of civil war"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2017/0228/In-Ukraine-blockade-threatens-to-force-issue-at-heart-of-
civil-war

Im Osten der Ukraine werden Fred Weir zufolge gegenwärtig mehr als 74.000 mit Kohle beladene Eisenbahnwaggons durch bewaffnete Männer aufgehalten. Die von Oligarchen, nationalistischen Milizen und Oppositionspolitikern unterstützte Blockade soll Präsident Poroschenko zwingen, sich vom Minsker Abkommen zu verabschieden und die Ostukraine zum russisch besetzten Gebiet zu erklären, so Weir. "By graphically drawing attention to the trade that has for three years seen billions of dollars worth of iron ore, coal, and finished steel products pass easily along the rails in both directions – even as armies were slaughtering each other – they are forcing the most painful issue at the heart of the civil war: Can Ukraine reintegrate itself economically and politically, perhaps on new terms, or is it doomed to break up? The blockade is fast precipitating a political and economic crisis that could conceivably bring Mr. Poroshenko down, or at least trigger early parliamentary elections that would almost certainly change the complexion of power in Kiev. A pivotal moment has suddenly arrived, without having been introduced through negotiations or any democratic political process, but because radicals have forced the issue."

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14.02.2017

"Israel's right-wing revolutionaries"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2017/0214/Israel-s-right-wing-revolutionaries

Christa Case Bryant hat sich in dieser Titelgeschichte des Christian Science Monitor eingehend mit dem zunehmenden politischen Einfluss der radikalen Siedlerbewegung in Israel beschäftigt. Der Wandel der früheren linken Aktivistin Anat Roth, die Premierminister Netanjahu heute nicht für konservativ genug halte, sei symptomatisch für die Entwicklung der israelischen Gesellschaft. "Over the past two decades, Israel has undergone a fundamental shift that has brought to power the country’s most right-wing government in history. And it may be about to get more conservative. Netanyahu – whose hard-line stances taxed his relationship with former President Barack Obama and other Western leaders – is being pulled inexorably to the right by rising rivals, toughening public opinion on security issues, and by the increasingly religious tilt of the Israeli population."

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05.02.2017

"Is Trump resurrecting the Monroe Doctrine?"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/Latin-America-Monitor/2017/0205/Is-Trump-resurrecting-the-Monroe-
Doctrine

Max Paul Friedman, Historiker an der American University in Washington, D.C., fürchtet, dass US-Präsident Trump in seiner Lateinamerika-Politik die "Monroe-Doktrin" wiederaufleben lassen könnte. 2013 habe der damalige US-Außenminister John Kerry noch verkündet, dass diese Doktrin der Vergangenheit angehöre. "In a policy paper published last December, Craig Deare, a dean at the US National Defense University and now Mr. Trump’s top Latin America advisor on the National Security Council staff, denounced Kerry’s statement 'as a clear invitation to those extra-regional actors looking for opportunities to increase their influence.' He specifically mentioned China. A revitalized Monroe Doctrine, however, contradicts the administration’s other strong impulse, present in its statements far beyond Latin America, toward isolationism. Trump is promising to build a literal wall between Latin America and the United States, but the Monroe Doctrine was decisively unilateral and interventionist. (...) Donald Trump’s competing impulses – the interventionism of Monroe and the isolationism of 'America First' – may keep US-Latin America relations on edge."

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14.01.2017

"Iraqi Christians: Will they go home?"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2017/0114/Iraqi-Christians-Will-they-go-home

Kristen Chick hat bei der Recherche für ihre Reportage viele irakische Christen getroffen, die durch den "Islamischen Staat" aus ihren Städten vertrieben wurden und nun nicht mehr zurückkehren wollen. "The choice facing people like Abada may determine the future of Iraq’s Assyrian Christian community – and shape the diversity and stability of the Middle East. Over the past decade and a half, the Christian population in the region has been in steep decline. The US invasion of Iraq in 2003 unleashed a sectarian bloodletting that saw Christians targeted with violence. Hundreds of thousands left their homeland for safety abroad. The IS capture of northern Iraq in 2014 accelerated the departures. Fewer than 500,000 Christians are now left in the country, down from 1.5 million in 2003. (...) In an effort some see as the last chance to keep Assyrian Christians from disappearing from their homeland, Christian leaders are pushing for the creation of a new province for minorities in the Nineveh Plains. With a degree of self-rule, and a security force of their own, they say it could give people the degree of confidence necessary to remain."

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11.01.2017

"Why are Jews, gays, and other minorities in Europe increasingly voting far-right?"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2017/0111/Why-are-Jews-gays-and-other-minorities-in-Europe-increasi
ngly-voting-far-right

Sara Miller Llana und Tamara Micner berichten, dass rechtspopulistische Parteien in Europa zunehmend Unterstützung durch Angehörige verschiedener Minderheiten erhielten. Mitglieder der jüdischen Gemeinden fürchteten z.B. die Folgen einer uneingeschränkten Einwanderung von Muslimen mit antisemitischen Vorurteilen. "[Eric Frey, managing editor of the Austrian daily newspaper Der Standard], says that the FPO has courted Jews in a message of alliance and protection. The party has been friendly with Israel at the same time that many mainstream European parties have taken a tougher stance on Israeli settlement expansion. And Jews are legitimately concerned by a new form of anti-Semitism that brews in pockets of Muslim communities. That any Jews are voting for the FPO shows that the party has occupied more ground in the center. But Frey also sees in it the complexity and weakness of the message emanating from 'liberal elites" defending openness, tolerance, and diversity,' he says. 'It is hard to defend diversity if [the radical Muslim] part of this diversity is so highly intolerant.'"

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05.01.2017

"Why doubts still cloud Russian hacking allegations"

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Passcode/2017/0105/Why-doubts-still-cloud-Russian-hacking-allegations

Paul F. Roberts ist sicher, dass die Zweifel an den Vorwürfen gegen Russland durch den neuen Geheimdienstbericht über Russlands Rolle im US-Wahlkampf aufgrund zu vieler fragwürdiger Schlussfolgerungen nicht abnehmen werden. "(...) the government's laundry list of evidence also includes common families of malicious software with names like BlackEnergy and Havex that are widely known and used by state actors and cybercriminals alike. While some of that software may have been created in Russia and found in prior Russian government campaigns, it doesn't prove the government's case that Russian operatives carried out the US political hacks. (...) By equating such commonplace online threats with Russian hacking, the government's Grizzly Steppe analysis darkens the already muddy waters of attributing cyberattacks, experts say. (...) The holes in the Grizzly Steppe analysis will give critics more cause to doubt future government claims about Russian hacking or campaigns by other nation-states, say experts."

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