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"Almost 40 Chinese warplanes breach Taiwan Strait median line; Taiwan President calls it a 'threat of force'"


Am vergangenen Freitag und Samstag haben fast 40 chinesische Kampfflugzeuge die "Medianlinie" überquert, die als inoffizielle Luftgrenze zwischen Taiwan und China gilt. "The uptick in Chinese military activity came as Keith Krach, the United States under secretary of state for economic, energy and environmental affairs, held meetings in the island's capital Taipei, ahead of a memorial service on Saturday for former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui. The three-day visit to the island was denounced by Beijing, with a spokesman for the country's Foreign Ministry demanding the two sides 'immediately stop' official exchanges. China has reacted with increasing anger at warming ties between Taipei and Washington, and has ramped up military drills in the waters around the island which Beijing continues to view as an inseparable part of its territory despite the two sides have been governed separately for over seven decades."

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"US seeks to pressure Russia into nuclear weapons treaty concessions before election"


In den Verhandlungen über eine Verlängerung des New-Start-Abkommens erwartet die US-Regierung von der russischen Seite weitere Zugeständnisse. "The Trump administration is threatening Russia that they could increase the cost of extending the one remaining nuclear weapons treaty between the two countries if Moscow does not commit to meeting US demands, including agreeing to stronger verification measures, before the American presidential election in November. (…) The Trump administration assesses that Russia is 'desperate' to uphold New START, and that they will be willing to make concessions in order to keep it in place. While the US has already made significant asks of Moscow, Billingslea said 'there is a lot more we could demand.' (…) Billingslea's declaration puts new pressure on Russia to come to the table before November, but Moscow is aware that the final outcome will be wholly dependent on who wins the election. Some experts are skeptical that Russia will buckle under US pressure."

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"Trump's planned troop pullout from Germany has many military holes"


Aus militärischer Sicht sei der geplante US-Truppenabzug aus Deutschland nur schwer zu rechtfertigen, schreibt Brad Lendon nach Gesprächen mit Militärexperten. "US and European military experts tell CNN the new troop reduction plan would provide few benefits on any potential future battlefield, and certainly not enough to justify its enormous cost, estimated to be in the billions of dollars. (…) Retired US Army Lt. Gen. Mark Hertling, now a CNN military analyst, has years of military experience in Europe, beginning in 1975 and continuing intermittently until 2011. 'Germany is key, because it is central to both the 'old Europe' to the west and the newer states to the east,' Hertling said. 'The rail and airports are terrific in Germany, and given its centralized position and ease in dealing with the government of Germany, we could fly anywhere, as well as bring allies into the training center at Grafenwoehr,' he said. The Trump administration's German pullout sacrifices those efficiencies, Hertling said. (…) In any event, the plan would take years execute and Congress would have to find the billions of dollars needed to make it happen. And with a US election less than three months away, new thinking could emerge with a possible new occupant of the White House. The Germany pullout is far from a done deal."

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"US to withdraw nearly 12,000 troops from Germany in move that will cost billions and take years"


Die Pläne des Weißen Hauses zum Abzug von fast 12.000 US-Truppen aus Deutschland sind im Kongress auf überparteiliche Kritik gestoßen, berichtet CNN. "Trump defended the decision Wednesday, saying the troop drawdown was taking place because Berlin was not spending the NATO target of 2% of its GDP on defense and because Germany was taking 'advantage' of the US. (…) Defense officials, however, said Wednesday that the decision on where to house the US troops leaving Germany was not influenced by whether the new host country was meeting the 2% target. In fact, Belgium and Italy, the two countries that will be receiving US troops from Germany, spend an even a smaller percentage on defense than Berlin does. (…) Key US command centers will also be repositioned as part of the move, Esper and top military leaders confirmed Wednesday. Gen. Tod Wolters, the commander of US European Command and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Europe, said the US would be moving EUCOM headquarters from Germany to Belgium as part of an effort to co-locate the command with the NATO military command headquarters that is based there, and that Africa Command headquarters may be moving to a location to be determined as well."

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"US allies once seemed cowed by China. Now they're responding with rare coordination"


Angela Dewan stellt fest, dass die USA und ihre Verbündeten zunehmend koordiniert auf die neue chinesische Außenpolitik reagierten. "This coordination has been most obvious in their strong reactions to China's imposition of a controversial National Security Law, which undermines Hong Kong's autonomy, a status that was supposed to be guaranteed until 2047 by a legal agreement with the United Kingdom. The language used and actions taken by Western powers to condemn this law has, in many cases, been the same. (…) Of course, allied countries have most likely been discussing their China strategies for years, but such concerted action is rarely so blatant. (…) Not all countries have been so bold. The EU may be coordinating a response to the National Security Law, but it has been slow to act. On China, Germany's Angela Merkel can't seem to find the right words -- she has been praised by some business leaders for her pragmatic approach to the country and for encouraging a growing trade relationship. But she has also drawn criticism in Germany for being too soft on China, and for being too close to Beijing. While she backed the EU's pledge for a united response Monday, she also said there was 'no reason not to remain in dialogue with China,' Reuters reported. Her quandary is understandable. Trade aside, there are other strong arguments against alienating China."

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"Pentagon says US has withdrawn from 5 bases in Afghanistan as part of agreement with Taliban"


Das Pentagon hat einen Teil des Friedensabkommens mit den Taliban umgesetzt und sich aus fünf Stützpunkten in Afghanistan zurückgezogen. "The Pentagon announced Tuesday that the US has withdrawn from five bases in Afghanistan and reduced the size of its forces there as part of the agreement it entered into with the Taliban earlier this year. (…) The 'Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan' outlined a series of commitments from the US and the Taliban related to troop levels, counterterrorism and the intra-Afghan dialogue aimed at bringing about 'a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire.' The agreement laid out a 14-month timetable for the withdrawal of US military forces, its allies and coalition partners. CNN reported in May that data provided to the Pentagon's special inspector general for Afghanistan reconstruction showed that in the month following the signing of the peace deal, the Taliban increased their attacks on America's Afghan allies to levels higher than usual."

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"Cracks in the Trump-Europe relationship are turning into a chasm"


Viele EU-Diplomaten führen die stetige Verschlechterung des Verhältnisses Europas zu den USA Luke McGee zufolge nicht nur auf die Person Donald Trump zurück. Dementsprechend seien auch die Hoffnungen auf eine rasche Erholung der transatlantischen Beziehungen im Fall eines Wahlsiegs Joe Bidens im November gedämpft. "(…) a potential Biden victory would provide no quick fix for the transatlantic partnership. 'The question is not really if you can get the relationship back to where it was, but if we can persuade the US to re-join the Western order,' says the EU diplomat. 'The US and EU geopolitical pivots on Asia, the Middle East and trade have respectively already begun. The difference at the moment is we think the West should be pivoting as one.' And even if Biden did go back to Obama-era policy on Europe, there is no guarantee that in four years' time he wouldn't be replaced by someone even more radical than Trump. 'The fundamental shifts going on in the US will probably remain and we have to adjust, making the best of the relationship we can. These shifts, they are structural and they are not just based on one person,' says the Brussels official."

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"Three Indian soldiers killed in clashes along border with China in the Himalayas"


Bei einem Zusammenstoß an der chinesisch-indischen Grenze im Himalaja sind offenbar drei indische Soldaten getötet worden. "Three Indian soldiers were killed during a 'violent face-off' with Chinese troops along the countries' de facto border in the Himalayas late Monday, the Indian army said in a statement. The incident occurred during a 'deescalation process' underway in the Galwan Valley in the disputed Aksai Chin-Ladakh area, where a large troop build up has reportedly been taking place for weeks now on both sides of the border, before senior military commanders began talks earlier this month. According to the Indian army statement, there was loss of life 'on both sides,' including an Indian officer and two Indian soldiers. The statement did not specify the number of additional Chinese casualties. It added that senior military officials from both sides are currently meeting to defuse the situation."

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"Trump tweets Antifa will be labeled a terrorist organization but experts believe that's unconstitutional"


US-Präsident Trump will die linksextreme Antifa aufgrund der aktuellen Ausschreitungen in den USA offiziell als Terrororganisation einstufen. CNN zufolge würden einige Experten diesen Schritt für verfassungswidrig halten. "Current and former government officials say it would be unconstitutional for the US government to proscribe First Amendment-protected activity inside the US based on simple ideology. US law allows terrorist designations for foreign groups since belonging to those groups doesn't enjoy the same protections. Antifa, short for anti-fascists, describes a broad group of people whose political beliefs lean toward the left - often the far left - but do not conform with the Democratic Party platform. Antifa positions can be hard to define, but many members support oppressed populations and protest the amassing of wealth by corporations and elites. Some employ radical or militant tactics to get out their messages. An additional problem with the President's claim is that groups who identify as Antifa are amorphous and don't have a central leadership, though some local activists are highly organized, according to federal law enforcement officials."

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"In a first, State Department designates Russian white supremacists as global terrorists"


Das US-Außenministerium hat zum ersten Mal eine rassistische Gruppe, die eine weiße Vorherrschaft propagiert, als globale Terrororganisation eingestuft. "Nathan Sales, the department's coordinator for counterterrorism, announced Monday the designation of the Russian Imperial Movement (RIM) and three of its leaders: Stanislav Anatolyevich Vorobyev, Denis Valliullovich Gariev, and Nikolay Nikolayevich Trushchalov. Sales described RIM as 'a terrorist group that provides paramilitary-style training to neo-Nazis and white supremacists.' 'And it plays a prominent role in trying to rally like-minded Europeans and Americans into a common front against their perceived enemies,' he said. 'This is the first time the United States has ever designated white supremacist terrorists, illustrating how seriously this administration takes the threat,' Sales said."

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"US to provide additional military aid to Ukraine including armed patrol boats"


Das Pentagon hat eine Erhöhung der Militärunterstützung für die Ukraine angekündigt. "Members of Congress have been informally notified of the Defense Department's plans to provide $125 million in new military assistance to Ukraine, including armed patrol boats, according to a congressional aide and US official. The chairs and ranking members of the relevant congressional committees will have a chance to review the aid packages before Congress is formally notified. This is the first half of the $250 million in Ukraine Security Assistance that has been appropriated by Congress. The new assistance package includes counter-artillery radars and armed Mark VI patrol boats, the latter of which is seen as particularly important given Ukraine's tensions with Russia in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov."

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"Greece stands firm on migrants, as Turkey opens floodgates to Europe"


Arwa Damon und Murat Baykara schreiben in ihrem Bericht von der griechisch-türkischen Grenze, dass die Situation an den Vorabend der Flüchtlingskrise von 2015 erinnere. "Back in 2016, when the masses were taking the refugee trail from Turkey across the EU, the two powers struck a financial aid deal to stem the flow. But Europe never really paid up. And Turkey, hosting upwards of 3.5 million refugees, mostly from Syria, has long threatened to open its borders if left to shoulder the refugee burden alone. (…) Turkey says it is already beyond capacity when it comes to refugees. And so part of this decision is to clear space, should it decide to open that southern border with Syria. (…) Where do the refugees want to go and why? The aim is Europe; the ultimate goal is the pursuit of a better life and opportunities. We met refugees from Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Syria, Iraq, Morocco and Somalia. Some are new arrivals to Turkey who came just waiting for a chance like this. Others have been in Turkey for years but struggled to find work, housing, and education for their children, especially as Turkey's economy took a downward spiral and the cost of living surged."

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"For the first time in 9 years, two nation states are going toe-to-toe in Syria"


Der türkische Präsident Erdogan hat der syrischen Regierung nach den Kämpfen zwischen Truppen beider Länder in der Idlib-Provinz offen gedroht. Nick Paton Walsh schreibt, dass der Konflikt den Krieg in Syrien neu entfachen könnte. "It is a seismic development: Turkish troops being repeatedly killed by Syrian forces, and then Ankara exacting a revenge toll on Bashar al-Assad's men. The expectation has always been that Moscow - the forceful, long-term backer of Assad but also the fair-weather and awkward new friend of NATO member Turkey - would step in and negotiate a pause. But they haven't yet, despite repeated phone calls between Ankara and Moscow. And they might not. Instead, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has raised the possibility of Russian and Turkish fighter jets clashing over the beleaguered province of Idlib. 'Aircraft that hit the civilian population centers in Idlib will no longer be able to fly freely,'. (…) It is 'a whole new level of state-on-state conflict,' said Charles Lister, senior fellow at the Middle East Institute. 'And given Erdogan's domestic considerations, it's still hard to see anything but more escalation on the horizon.'"

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"White House announces death of terror leader Qassim al-Rimi"


Das US-Militär hat eigenen Angaben zufolge den Anführer der Terrorgruppe "al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula" (AQAP) in Jemen getötet. "The White House announced Thursday evening that Qassim al-Rimi, the leader of terror group al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, was killed in an airstrike in Yemen. (…) The news comes following several other successful US military efforts to remove high profile Middle Eastern leaders. President Donald Trump ordered a US airstrike in January that killed top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani, and in October, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi died in a nighttime raid conducted by US forces on his compound in northern Syria. While not on the same level as Baghdadi and Soleimani, the death of the leader of AQAP is still a significant moment. Rimi had been a US target since early in Trump's tenure. Rimi was a target of a January 2017 raid on an al Qaeda compound in Yemen that led to the first US military combat death under the President, a senior US military official told CNN at the time."

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"Nigerians shocked after Trump extends travel ban"


Die US-Regierung hat die seit 2017 geltenden Einreisebeschränkungen für Bürger bestimmter Staaten ausgeweitet und die Liste der betroffenen Länder um sechs erweitert. Stephanie Busari berichtet aus Lagos, dass die Entscheidung insbesondere in Nigeria Überraschung ausgelöst habe. "The ban, which is one of the US President's signature policies, now includes six new countries, who have been blocked from obtaining certain types of visas. All immigrants from Myanmar, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan and Nigeria will be banned from the US. Tanzanian and Sudan citizens will no longer be able to apply for the 'diversity visas,' known as the green card lottery, according to the Department of Homeland Security. (…) The ban has come as a shock to many Nigerians who balk at being included on a list of 'pariah states,' such as Myanmar and Eritrea. 'You know what it means for Nigeria, Eritrea, Myanmar and Kyrgyzstan to be put in the same category? Eritrea is the 'North Korea of Africa', Myanmar is a pariah state & Kyrgyzstan is in the middle of nowhere. The US Government does not rate us, at all,' wrote Onye Nkuzi, a Lagos-based IT and business consultant, on Twitter."

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"The UK has left the EU -- and the implications for the world are huge"


Luke McGee erwartet, dass der Brexit weltweite Folgen haben wird. Von zentraler Bedeutung wird seiner Ansicht sein, ob Großbritannien in den kommenden 11 Monaten ein pragmatisches Verhältnis zur EU anstreben oder gänzlich an die Seite der USA wechseln wird. "Why 11 months? Because, according to the deal Britain signed with the EU, this Brexit transition period ends on December 31, and whatever deal the two parties have reached on their future relationship - if any - kicks in. Mark Leonard, director of the European Council on Foreign Relations think tank, says that Johnson faces a huge strategic choice: 'For decades, the foundation of British foreign policy has rested on two pillars: the UK has been an influential member of the EU; it is also part of the transatlantic alliance, with NATO and the US at its core.' (…) If Johnson does decide to move further from Europe, there's 'a danger from a European perspective that Britain could become a disrupter, a bit like Turkey or Russia, that tries to divide and rule different European countries, is not reliable and is unpredictable,' says Leonard. And if it does drift across the Atlantic towards America, Brussels could soon miss having one of the world's loudest diplomatic voices, with nuclear weapons, a big economy, a world-class intelligence network and a permanent seat on the UN security council, firmly in its ranks."

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"The surprising wild card Trump faces in 2020"


Die US-Präsidentschaftswahl in diesem Jahr könnte nach Ansicht von Aaron David Miller von außenpolitischen Debatten geprägt werden. Dies habe mehrere Gründe: "First, there's the intersection between foreign policy and domestic scandal. Not since Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam War debacle or Ronald Reagan's Iran Contra affair has a President been embroiled in matters of foreign policy that have created such controversy, dominated the political and media discourse and seemingly undermined his personal credibility and authority. (…) Second, there's Iran. The recent escalatory cycle with Iran, especially Trump's decision to kill Qasem Soleimani, head of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Quds Force, presents a potentially serious political problem for Trump. (…) Third, Rs and Ds really are divided on foreign policy. One of the reasons foreign policy has rarely played a role in affecting voter behavior is that the two parties have a hard time drawing major differences between their policies. (…) This type of agreement is all but extinct. (…) The Unanticipated Crisis. (…) Ten months is an eternity in foreign policy. Any number of potential crisis points might present themselves before election day -- Iran, North Korea, Russian influence in US politics or an unanticipated terror attack. None offer easy or simple solutions, and some carry real risks of missteps or miscalculation on the part of a mercurial President not known for carefully thinking through the costs and consequences of his actions."

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"Iran admits to shooting down Ukrainian passenger plane unintentionally"


Der Iran hat nach einigem Zögern den versehentlichen Abschuss des ukrainischen Flugzeugs eingestanden, bei dessen Absturz am vergangenen Mittwoch alle 176 Passagiere getötet wurden. "The general staff of Iran's armed forces said the crash Wednesday was due to human error. Iran targeted the passenger plane unintentionally, Press TV said. (…) A US official familiar with the intelligence said the aircraft was downed by two Russian-made SA-15 surface-to-air missiles. The US saw Iranian radar signals lock onto the jetliner, before it was shot down. The US increasingly believes this was accidental. The US, Britain, Canada, Sweden and the European Commission have called for an independent and credible investigation."

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"Saudi Arabia sentences five to death for Khashoggi murder but clears three top officials"


Ein saudi-arabisches Gericht hat fünf mutmaßliche Verantwortliche für den Mord am Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi zum Tode verurteilt. Hochrangige Mitglieder und Berater der saudi-arabischen Regierung sind dagegen vom Verdacht der Mitwirkung befreit worden. "The Washington Post's publisher, Fred Ryan, (…) condemned the findings. 'The complete lack of transparency and the Saudi government's refusal to cooperate with independent investigators suggests that this was merely a sham trial,' he said in a statement. 'Those ultimately responsible, at the highest level of the Saudi government, continue to escape responsibility for the brutal murder of Jamal Khashoggi.' UN Special Rapporteur Agnes Callamard called Monday's court rulings 'anything but justice' in a series of posts on her official Twitter account. (…) Callamard criticized the court's conclusion that the killing was not premeditated, citing 'the presence of a forensic doctor,' how the 'defendants had repeatedly stated they were obeying orders' and how the consul general 'took all necessary precautions to ensure there will be no eye witness present.' She added: 'Bottom line: the hit-men are guilty, sentenced to death. The masterminds not only walk free. They have barely been touched by the investigation and the trial. That is the antithesis of Justice. It is a mockery.'"

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"Protesters celebrate a victory after Trump signs Hong Kong human rights act"


In Hongkong ist die Unterzeichnung von US-Gesetzen zur Stärkung von Menschenrechten und Demokratie in Hongkong durch Präsident Trump von Demonstranten als Sieg gefeiert worden. "Protesters in Hong Kong will hold a celebratory, pro-US rally Thursday after President Donald Trump gave them what one prominent activist termed a 'timely Thanksgiving present.' Trump signed an act in support of the protest movement despite a potential backlash from Beijing that could derail delicate US-China trade talks, after it was passed almost unanimously by both houses of Congress. Anti-government protesters in the semi-autonomous Chinese city have long campaigned in favor of the bill -- which would permit Washington to impose sanctions or even suspend Hong Kong's special trading status over rights violations. Trump's decision to sign the act gives the movement a second major symbolic victory in a matter of days."

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"Legal analyst: Trump's defenses are almost entirely gone"


CNN-Experte Elie Honig meint, dass die Aussage von Gordon Sondland, US-Botschafter bei der EU, vor dem Geheimdienstausschuss des Repräsentantenhauses den US-Präsidenten schwer belastet habe. "All Trump and his defenders are left with now is this: Trump never explicitly told Sondland directly that foreign aid would be conditioned on announcement of investigations. (…) There's a fall guy emerging here for Trump: Rudy Giuliani. Sondland, like many witnesses before him, confirmed that Trump empowered Giuliani to run point on Ukraine. Trump himself told Zelensky, 'Rudy very much knows what's happening and he is a very capable guy.' But Rudy is Trump's only out. Rudy went rogue, Trump and his defenders will likely argue, and if he engaged in bribery or extortion or any other conduct offensive to the Constitution, then he did it on his own, without Trump's blessing or authorization. It's a stretch, but it's all Trump's got left."

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"Trump hikes price tag for US forces in Korea almost 400% as Seoul questions alliance"


US-Präsident Trump erwartet von Südkorea ab 2020 deutlich höhere Zahlungen für die US-Militärpräsenz im Land. Im US-Kongress und im Pentagon sei die Forderung mit einigem Unbehagen aufgenommen worden, berichtet Nicole Gaouette. "Trump is demanding that South Korea pay roughly 400% more in 2020 to cover the cost of keeping US troops on the peninsula, a congressional aide and an administration official confirmed to CNN. The price hike has frustrated Pentagon officials and deeply concerned Republican and Democratic lawmakers, according to military officials and congressional aides. It has angered and unnerved Seoul, where leaders are questioning US commitment to their alliance and wondering whether Trump will pull US forces if they don't pay up. (…) In the US, congressional aides and Korea experts familiar with the talks say the President's $4.7 billion demand came out of thin air, sending State and Defense Department officials scrambling to justify the number with a slew of new charges that may include Seoul paying some costs for US personnel present on the peninsula and for troops and equipment that rotate through."

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"Saudi Arabia announces IPO of world's most profitable company"


Der saudi-arabische Ölkonzern Aramco, der als profitabelstes Unternehmen der Welt gilt, steht vor einem Rekord-Börsengang. "Saudi Arabia is moving forward with an initial public offering of its huge state oil producer that could shatter records and give investors the chance to own a piece of the world's most profitable company. (…) The public offering is part of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's plan to wean his country off oil and develop other areas of the economy. But getting the massive IPO off the ground has been an arduous process full of false starts."

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"Confusion reigns over US plan to 'secure the oil' in Syria as commanders await orders"


Die sprunghafte Syrienpolitik der US-Regierung habe bei den US-Truppen für einige Verwirrung gesorgt, berichten Barbara Starr und Nicole Gaouette. Im Fall der laut Anweisung Donald Trumps zu bewachenden Ölfelder im Nordosten des Landes erwarten die US-Kommandeure vor Ort demnach immer noch präzise militärische Anweisungen. "Nearly three weeks after President Donald Trump ordered troops out of northern Syria, publicly declaring he was taking 'control' of the oil and sending troops and armored carriers to protect it from ISIS, US commanders lack clarity on the most basic aspects of their mission, including how and when troops can fire their weapons and what, exactly, that mission is. The lack of precise orders means troops are on the ground while critical details are still being worked out - exactly where they will go, when and how they will stay on small bases in the area, and when they go on patrol. Perhaps most crucially, there is no clarity about exactly who they are operating against in the oilfields. That's essential information for troops on the ground and in the air to understand circumstances in which they are permitted to fire their weapons."

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"Trump suggests Kurds relocate as US considers deploying armored vehicles to protect oil fields"


Die US-Regierung will die Ölfelder im Osten Syriens CNN-Angaben zufolge auch mit Panzern sichern. US-Präsident Trump hat zudem angeregt, dass die syrischen Kurden von der umkämpften Grenze zur Türkei in dieses Gebiet umziehen sollten. "It was not immediately clear whether Trump was suggesting that the entire Syrian Kurdish population, which numbers in the millions, effectively self-deport to an Arab majority area that is near the oil fields, an indigenous population that is unlikely to welcome a sudden influx of Kurds. Trump and others have used the term 'Kurds' to refer to multiple groups, including the Syrian Kurdish population, the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces -- a mix of Arabs, Kurds and others -- and the Kurdish element of the Syrian Democratic Forces, known as the YPG, a group Turkey says was the target of its recent invasion. None of these groups would likely agree willingly to self-deport from their traditional homelands. (…) And in a sign that the US military may be concerned about potential clashes with heavily armed adversaries such as Russia and the Syrian regime, the US is weighing deploying tanks or other armored vehicles to the country for the first time to help US troops defend the oil fields Trump is prioritizing. US forces have been in the region of the oil fields but the calculation now centers on whether more forces are needed to deter the Syrian regime and potentially Russian forces."

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"Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed"


Der äthiopische Ministerpräsident Abiy Ahmed Ali hat für seine Friedenspolitik gegenüber Eritrea den diesjährigen Friedensnobelpreis erhalten. "Abiy, 43, also recently won plaudits for his role in helping to broker a power-sharing deal in neighboring Sudan after a political crisis that led to the arrest of Omar al-Bashir, the country's ruler for almost three decades. Berit Reiss-Andersen, the chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said Abiy -- who has received both praise and criticism for his reforms in Ethiopia -- has not been recognized too soon, but acknowledged that progress still needs to be made in the country."

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"Iran's Zarif raises the prospect of a new nuclear agreement with Trump"


Der iranische Außenminister Javad Zarif hat die Möglichkeit eines Atomdeals mit der US-Regierung in den Raum gestellt. Zarif zufolge wäre Iran bereit, mit den USA über ein Zusatzprotokoll zum bestehenden Atomabkommen zu verhandeln. "Iran would be prepared to sign an additional protocol, allowing for more intrusive inspections of the country's nuclear facilities at an earlier date than that set out in the 2015 deal. The country's Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, would also enshrine a ban on nuclear weapons in law, said Zarif. Such a move could potentially address one of Trump's main objections to the existing deal: Sunset clauses that allow Iran to resume higher levels of uranium enrichment. In return, Trump would need to lift sanctions on Iran, and have the step ratified by Congress, said Zarif."

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"Trump confirms Osama bin Laden's son Hamza killed in US counterterrorism operation"


US-Präsident Trump hat bestätigt, dass Hamza bin Laden, der Sohn des früheren Al-Qaida Chefs Osama bin Laden, bei einem Antiterroreinsatz in Afghanistan/Pakistan getötet worden sei. "'The loss of Hamza bin Ladin not only deprives al-Qa'ida of important leadership skills and the symbolic connection to his father, but undermines important operational activities of the group,' the President said in the statement. Trump also said 'Hamza bin Ladin was responsible for planning and dealing with various terrorist groups.' CNN previously reported on July 31 that the US believed Hamza bin Laden was dead. At that time, two defense officials with knowledge of the operation told CNN that bin Laden had been killed at least several months prior."

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"Weirdly, Trump seeks peace with Iran while Netanyahu battles it"


Aaron David Miller stellt nach dem G7-Gipfel in Biarritz fest, dass US-Präsident Trump offenbar eine friedliche Lösung des Konflikts mit dem Iran anstrebe. Zugleich habe Israel seine Militäroperationen gegen von Teheran unterstützte Milizen verstärkt. "The question of whether we are moving toward war or peace with Iran has been made even more complex by the onset of Israeli elections set for September 17. The possibility that Trump may actually meet Rouhani (there has not been any high-level US-Iranian engagement since the 1979 Iranian revolution) must have thrown Netanyahu for a giant loop. There has been no reaction from the Prime Minister. But here he is running a reelection campaign on the basis of his close relationship with Donald Trump -- the man who took America out of the what Netanyahu believes is a horrible nuclear accord. And here is his good friend considering meeting with the Iranian president or, worse still, negotiating with him. And unlike his determined effort to criticize Obama for the 2015 nuclear accord, Netanyahu can't say a negative word about Trump's possible meeting, lest he alienate him."

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"The global internet is powered by vast undersea cables. But they're vulnerable."


Das globale Internet basiert trotz der zunehmenden Bedeutung kabelloser Datenströme immer noch auf einem immensen Netzwerk von Unterseekabeln, schreibt James Griffiths. Die Kabel seien anfällig für Störungen und Sabotageakte, auch wenn einiges dafür getan werde, um Unterbrechungen zu verhindern. Eine Überwachung des Datenverkehrs sei ebenfalls möglich, einige Experten bezweifelten allerdings die Effektivität solcher Maßnahmen. "Clatterbuck, the Seacom CEO, was skeptical about how much use tapping an undersea cable would be, pointing to the huge amounts of data passing through it every second, creating a huge hayfield in which to look for needles. 'If you wanted to spy on people would you put a giant microphone over the US and spy on everyone?' However, as the Snowden leaks demonstrated, governments are often happy to hoover up as much information as possible, whether they have a clear purpose or not, and artificial intelligence and other advances have made sifting through such datasets faster and faster."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror


Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

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