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US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"Could North Korean, US threats of destruction cause an accidental war?"


Ben Westcott warnt vor den ungewollten Folgen der gegenseitigen Drohungen der USA und Nordkoreas. "While neither country is outwardly moving towards an actual war footing, military displays of power, mixed with threats and counter threats may result in an ugly outcome, Stratfor Vice President of Strategic Analysis Rodger Baker told CNN. 'The North Koreans assume that the threats will be enough to restrain US action but the US might be thinking the same thing, so you end up in a situation where a provocation from one side is seen by the other as an actual move towards war,' he said. (...) Euan Graham, director of the International Security Program at Sydney's Lowy Institute, said while the physical threat of war had not increased, every unfulfilled threat from the US did damage to its international position. 'When threats are made and not followed through US credibility suffers both in the eyes of North Korea and its allies,' Graham said. 'The US is very unlikely to engage in a preventative war against North Korea, so it's more the risk of stumbling into this because the North Koreans decide they have to escalate or they believe something US is doing is a preventative strike or a decapitation attack (against the leadership).'"

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"16 years after 9/11: The state of the terrorist threat"


Peter Bergen zieht ein aus Sicht der USA gemischtes Fazit der Terrorbekämpfung in den 16 Jahren seit 9/11. Neben einigen guten Nachrichten bei der Zerschlagung der Al-Qaida und des "Islamischen Staates" gebe es auch "beunruhigende Entwicklungen". "Since 2014 there have been six lethal jihadist terrorist attacks in the United States, killing 74 people, according to New America's research. Those attacks were carried out by American citizens and legal permanent residents, not by foreign terrorists as was the case on 9/11. These American terrorists were inspired by ISIS propaganda online, but had no direct contact with the group. (...) Terrorism in the United States doesn't emanate only from jihadists, who have killed 95 people in the States since 9/11. Individuals motivated by far-right ideology have killed 68 people in the United States during the same period, while individuals motivated by black nationalist ideology have killed eight people, according to New America research."

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"Rouhani says Iran could quit nuclear deal in 'hours' if new US sanctions imposed"


Im Fall neuer US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran könne sein Land das internationale Atomabkommen aufkündigen und das Atomprogramm innerhalb weniger Stunden wieder aufnehmen, so eine neue Warnung des iranischen Präsidenten Rouhani. "Rouhani issued the warning in a televised speech to Iran's parliament Tuesday, kicking off a vote-of-confidence session for nominated ministers of his second-term cabinet. 'Iran could quit the nuclear deal within hours if the US imposes more sanctions,' Rouhani said, according to Iran's state-run Press TV. 'Iran has remained and will remain committed to the deal, though any breach of promise by other parties will receive appropriate responses,' he added, according to Iran's semi-official MEHR news agency. (...) Last month, the US announced new sanctions against entities and individuals with ties to Iran, a day after certifying that the Iranian government was in compliance with the nuclear agreement."

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"CNN Exclusive: US suspects Russian hackers planted fake news behind Qatar crisis"


Diesem Exklusivbericht von CNN zufolge glauben FBI-Ermittler, dass die diplomatische Krise zwischen Katar und anderen Golfstaaten durch russische Hacker ausgelöst worden sei. "US investigators believe Russian hackers breached Qatar's state news agency and planted a fake news report that contributed to a crisis among the US' closest Gulf allies, according to US officials briefed on the investigation. The FBI recently sent a team of investigators to Doha to help the Qatari government investigate the alleged hacking incident, Qatari and US government officials say. Intelligence gathered by the US security agencies indicates that Russian hackers were behind the intrusion first reported by the Qatari government two weeks ago, US officials say."

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"The 'axis of evil' is back"


Aaron David Miller und Richard Sokolsky schreiben, dass US-Präsident Trump das Konzept der "Achse des Bösen" wiederbelebt habe. Neben Iran und Nordkorea sei diesmal Syrien anstelle des Iraks vertreten. "Indeed, in the space of 10 days, Mr. Trump ordered a missile strike on Syria; directed a carrier battle group to the Korean Peninsula; ordered a review of US policy toward Iran that had a threatening edge; and ratcheted up the rhetoric toward North Korea, implying a greater willingness to use force to deal with its missile and nuclear programs. But like Mr. Bush, Mr. Trump may find his trio of designated outliers difficult to contain - and sanctions and military pressure necessary but insufficient tools for the job. The task at hand will also require politics and diplomacy. And while each case is different, the common thread in the strategy isn't changing these regimes so much as it is trying to change their behavior - and even this will be hard to do. More than likely, they will all remain hostile to American interests."

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"US 'deeply concerned' after Turkey bombs allies in Iraq and Syria"


Kampfflugzeuge des NATO-Mitglieds Türkei haben in Syrien und Irak Stellungen der kurdischen Verbündeten der USA angegriffen. "A senior US defense official told CNN that the US was given about one hour's advance notice of the strikes by the Turkish military. The official added that no US or coalition advisers were in the vicinity. Turkish warplanes struck targets in northern Syria and the area of Sinjar in northern Iraq. The Turkish armed forces issued a statement saying it had 'neutralized' 70 PKK 'terrorist' fighters - 40 in northern Iraq and 30 others in northeastern Syria. (...) The Pentagon also released a statement on its concerns about the strikes. 'These ‎airstrikes were not approved by the Counter-ISIS Coalition and led to the unfortunate loss of life of our partner forces in the fight against ISIS, including the Kurdish Peshmerga,' Maj. Adrian Rankine-Galloway said."

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"Satellite captures rare snapshot of life in Raqqa"


Stuart Ray vom Sicherheitsunternehmen McKenzie Intelligence Services (MIS) hat für CNN neue Satellitenfotos ausgewertet, die einen Eindruck von der Situation in der syrischen IS-Hochburg Raqqa vermitteln. "Satellite images provided to CNN by McKenzie Intelligence Services (MIS) show a city held hostage by terror. The aerial shots show checkpoints, ISIS flags dominating the skyline and bridges cut off from the world by US-led coalition airstrikes, among other intriguing details. Stuart Ray, an MIS analyst, said the satellite images, taken on March 26, showed signs of normal daily life in Raqqa, and not as much destruction from the airstrikes as might have been expected."

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"Unraveling Iran deal would be Trump's biggest mistake"


US-Außenminister Tillerson hat Iran vor kurzem bescheinigt, sich an die Abmachungen des Atomabkommens zu halten, das Abkommen selbst aber zugleich erneut in Frage gestellt. Der frühere Sprecher des US-Verteidigungsministeriums John Kirby warnt angesichts dieser unklaren Signale, dass sich die USA mit der Verhängung neuer Sanktionen oder einer einseitigen Aufkündigung des Abkommens international isolieren könnten. "(...) it was those very sanctions that brought Iran to the table in the first place. Having them lifted was Tehran's incentive for dismantling its nuclear program. So, if we snap them back in place without cause, we - and not Iran - would be in noncompliance. We - not Iran - would be the ones sending a clear message that we are neither a credible nor trustworthy negotiating partner. And we - not Iran - would be on the outside of international convention. Even our allies would not support us. We should remember that unified international effort solved this problem. Going it alone will likely only resurrect it."

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"How could Trump go it alone on North Korea?"


US-Präsident Trump hat seine Bereitschaft bekräftigt, auf eine Bedrohung der USA durch nordkoreanische Atomwaffen notfalls unilateral zu reagieren. Katie Hunt und Brad Lendon schreiben, das dies auf dreierlei Weise geschehen könnte. Die Option direkter Verhandlungen werde dabei von vielen Experten als aussichtslos bewertet. Möglich seien dagegen verschärfte Sanktionen gegen chinesische Banken und Unternehmen sowie eine militärische Blockade nordkoreanischer Gewässer. "Peter Layton, a visiting fellow at the Griffith Asia Institute in Australia, says the US needs to convince China that it's actively keeping an unwanted regime alive by using forums like the G20 and UN to press this message. (...) Trump does have some non-lethal military options that might not result in a North Korean counterstrike, according to Layton, who is also a former Royal Australian Air Force officer. He suggests a simple blockade of any ships leaving and entering North Korean waters. Another more risky option is to use US warships equipped with the Aegis anti-missile system to shoot down any future North Korean missile tests, Layton said."

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"Egypt's ex-President Mubarak to be freed"


In Ägypten steht offenbar die endgültige Freilassung des 2011 gestürzten Präsidenten Hosni Mubarak bevor. "On March 2, Mubarak was acquitted on charges of killing protesters during the 2011 Arab Spring uprising. Egypt's Court of Cassation upheld an earlier verdict, making the acquittal final. The Court of Cassation is the highest court for criminal litigation in Egypt. Mubarak and his sons were convicted of corruption, however. On Monday, Ibrahim Saleh, the attorney general of the East Cairo prosecution, accepted Mubarak's request to include time spent in prison pending trial as part of his sentence in the corruption case, state media reported. State media quoted judicial sources saying there are no more pending court cases against Mubarak. Egyptian media is reporting, citing Mubarak's lawyer Farid al-Deeb, that Mubarak will be released within the next few days. The lawyer said Mubarak will leave the military hospital where he is being held and go to his house in an upscale Cairo neighborhood."

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"Sessions did not disclose meetings with Russian ambassador"


Nach dem Rücktritt des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters Michael Flynn werden nun auch Justizminister Jeff Sessions Kontakte zur russischen Botschaft in Washington vorgeworfen. "Attorney General Jeff Sessions met twice last year with the top Russian diplomat in Washington whose interactions with President Donald Trump's former national security adviser Mike Flynn led to Flynn's firing, according to the Justice Department. Sessions did not mention either meeting during his confirmation hearings when he said he knew of no contacts between Trump surrogates and Russians. A Justice official said Sessions didn't mislead senators during his confirmation. (...) Sessions responded swiftly Wednesday, strongly stating that he never discussed campaign-related issues with anyone from Russia. 'I never met with any Russian officials to discuss issues of the campaign,' he said in a statement. 'I have no idea what this allegation is about. It is false.'"

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"US bombing in Libya was linked to Berlin truck attack"


CNN berichtet, dass ein amerikanischer Luftangriff in Libyen, bei dem offiziellen Angaben zufolge 80 IS-Kämpfer getötet wurden, offenbar einem Kontaktmann des Berlin-Attentäters Anis Amri gegolten habe. "The sources did not elaborate on the nature of the links to the Berlin attacker, but one possibility is that an individual or individuals at the Libyan camps were in communication with him. During investigations into Amri before the Berlin attack, two Libyan cell phone numbers were flagged by the German foreign intelligence service BND for further investigation, Germany's Ministry of Interior revealed last week. In a chronology it released, the ministry also stated Amri had wanted to join ISIS in Syria, Iraq or Libya and was believed to have lived in Berlin with a Moroccan national whose paternal cousins were said to be ISIS members in Syria, Iraq and Libya. Pentagon officials say among those present in the camps were ISIS fighters who had fled from the group's previous stronghold in Sirte who were trying to reconstitute themselves and conduct training."

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"Unpredictable Trump could prove a game changer for Africa"


Didier Gondola schreibt, dass sich die "Sprunghaftigkeit" des neuen US-Präsidenten für Afrika als unerwartete "Wohltat" herausstellen könnte. Der Kontinent habe für die USA in der Amtszeit Barack Obamas stark an Bedeutung verloren. Nun gebe es die Hoffnung, dass Donald Trump alle Beobachter mit einer vernünftigen Afrika-Politik überraschen könnte. "Why should Africa matter to a Trump administration that has pledged to build roads and bridges in North Carolina, not in South Sudan? The answer to these questions is simple: China. (...) That's because Africa has served as China's economic launching pad for over two decades. (...) Then there are America's national security interests that should also matter as Trump is assembling his team. Islamic terror groups, including Al-Shabaab and Al Qaeda operate cell groups in Africa's rogue states. (...) African dictators are leery of a Trump presidency, and for good reason. A new sheriff is in town, and unlike the one he will replace in January he may not be all talk and no cider. With his penchant for contumely and tit-for-tat escalation, Trump might be the game changer that shakes things up in Africa and disrupts corrupt political regimes that have quietly survived and thrived under Obama's two terms in office."

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"Trump: 'I think it was Russia'"


Donald Trump hat auf seiner ersten Pressekonferenz seit seinem Wahlsieg eingeräumt, dass Russland möglicherweise hinter Hackerangriffen während des Wahlkampfs stecken könnte. Zugleich wies er Berichte über seine angebliche Erpressbarkeit entschieden zurück. "'I think it was Russia,' Trump said during his first news conference as President-elect. He added that Russia is not the only nation that hacks US targets and accused Democrats of not having sufficient cybersecurity programs. The news conference opened with his spokesman, Sean Spicer, slamming a 'political witch hunt' following reports that Russian operatives claim to have compromising personal and financial information about Trump. (...) Trump will enter the White House with the most estranged relationship with journalists of any new President in recent memory after repeatedly branding the press 'dishonest' and using it as a foil during his campaign and transition."

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"10 most damning findings from report on Russian election interference"


Die US-Geheimdienste haben ihre Vorwürfe gegen Russland in einem Bericht über die angebliche russische Beeinflussung des US-Wahlkampfes konkretisiert und Präsident Putin beschuldigt, Hackerangriffe zur Unterstützung des Kandidaten Donald Trump persönlich angeordnet zu haben. Eugene Scott hebt in seiner Zusammenfassung des Berichts die zehn wichtigsten Anschuldigungen hervor. "The US intelligence community concluded that Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an 'influence campaign' to harm Hillary Clinton's chances of winning the 2016 election. The declassified reported, released Friday, determined with 'high confidence' that Russia's interference - consisting of hacking Democratic groups and individuals and releasing that information via third-party websites, including WikiLeaks - helped President-elect Donald Trump win the election. Here are some of the highlights from the report."

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"Istanbul attack: Turkey must end blame game and look for solutions"


Soner Cagaptay fürchtet, dass sich die türkische Regierung nach dem jüngsten Terroranschlag in Istanbul erneut auf Schuldzuweisungen beschränken könnte. Anstatt Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu überprüfen und gegen die Terroristen vorzugehen, konzentrierten sich Präsident Erdogan und seine innenpolitischen Gegner lieber auf ihren eigenen Konflikt. "Erdogan's strategy has left Turkey deeply polarized. And coupled with Turkey's economic growth under Erdogan, it has built him a loyal, right wing constituency, including Turkish nationalists, conservatives and Islamists, constituting the other half of the country. The pro-Erdogan block adores the Turkish leader and thinks that he can do no wrong. At the same time, the anti-Erdogan block loathes him and believes that he can do no right. This is also the prism through which Turks, unfortunately, view the terror attacks and the rising violence. Following each attack, instead of discussing the security failures that may have led to the attack and what can and should be done to prevent future attacks, the Turks start blaming each other."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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