US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The New York Times


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"'There Is No Safe Area': In Kabul, Fear Has Taken Over"

In der afghanischen Hauptstadt habe sich ein "Klima der Angst" ausgebreitet, berichtet Adam Nossiter aus Kabul. "Fear has long been part of life in Kabul, with the possibility of sudden death from a Taliban strike. But these days — even as the Afghan government tries to negotiate peace with the Taliban — there is a heightened sense that life is fragile here. With the Taliban active in most of the country and almost daily reports of government forces beaten back, there are new questions about whether a grim return to extremist rule is on the near horizon. On Sunday morning gunmen killed two female judges on a street in a central Kabul neighborhood. The women worked for Afghanistan’s Supreme Court. Shaharzad Akbar, the chairwoman of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, wrote on Twitter afterward that the country is suffering 'what seems to be a systematic massacre & the world seems to be just watching.'"

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"Targeted Killings Are Terrorizing Afghans. And No One Is Claiming Them."

In Afghanistan sind in den vergangenen Wochen mehrere zivile Führungspersönlichkeiten gezielten Attentaten zum Opfer gefallen. Fahim Abed und Thomas Gibbons-Neff berichten, dass sowohl die Taliban als auch andere extremistische Faktionen verantwortlich sein könnten. "The killings are a worrying sign of how much remains unsettled as the United States military prepares to withdraw from Afghanistan after nearly two decades of fighting, and have added to fears that more violence and chaos will follow. The timing makes most officials believe that the Taliban are using the assassinations as a complement to their coordinated assaults on security posts and government-controlled territory to strike fear and increase the government’s desperation at the negotiating table. But some officials believe that at least some of the killings have a different source: political factions outside the Taliban that are beginning to use chaos as a cover as the country starts breaking down under pressure, settling scores in a troubling pattern reminiscent of Afghanistan’s disastrous civil war a generation ago."

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"A Teacher, His Killer and the Failure of French Integration"

Die Ermordung des Lehrers Samuel Paty habe neue Zweifel an der Effektivität des französischen Modells zur Integration von muslimischen Einwanderern geweckt, berichten Norimitsu Onishi und Constant Méheut. "The killing has underscored the increasing challenges to that system as France grows more racially and ethnically diverse. Two or three generations of newcomers have now struggled to integrate into French society, the political establishment agrees. But the nation, broadly, has balked at the suggestion from critics, many in the Muslim community, that France’s model of integration, including its schools, needs an update or an overhaul. (…) The French model ran into obstacles when the immigrants were no longer European, white or Roman Catholic. Today about 10 percent of France’s population is believed to be Muslim. The push to assimilate risks engendering a form of xenophobia in the broader population, said Hakim El Karoui, a senior fellow at the Paris-based think tank Institut Montaigne."

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"At Front Lines of a Brutal War: Death and Despair in Nagorno-Karabakh"

Anton Troianovski berichtet in seiner Reportage über die Situation an der Frontlinie des Konflikts in Bergkarabach. "On the front line, the stench is overwhelming. The remains of fighters have been lying there for weeks. In the trenches, there is fear. The Armenians are defenseless against the Azerbaijani drones that hover overhead and kill at will. At the military graveyard, bulldozers have scraped away a hillside. It is already lined with two rows of new graves, along with soon-to-be-filled, freshly dug, rectangular holes. The three-week-old conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over a disputed territory in the Caucasus Mountains, where Europe meets Asia, has settled into a brutal war of attrition, soldiers and civilians said in interviews here on the ground in recent days. Azerbaijan is sacrificing columns of fighters, Armenians say, to eke out small territorial gains in the treacherous terrain of Nagorno-Karabakh, an ethnic Armenian enclave that is part of Azerbaijan under international law."

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"Is Germany Turning Against Russia?"

Anna Sauerbrey vom Berliner Tagesspiegel erklärt in diesem Beitrag für die New York Times, warum es noch zu früh sei, von einem grundlegenden Wandel der deutschen Russland-Politik zu sprechen. "Is Germany turning against Russia? Or should the antagonism of the past weeks not be taken too seriously? That longtime approach, known as 'Wandel durch Annäherung' ('change through rapprochement') and developed in the 1960s to ease Cold War tensions, was straightforward. (…) longstanding foreign policy traditions do not end just like that. Change through rapprochement is still sacred in some parts of the Social Democratic Party and in many states in eastern Germany. Many German businesses, not least those who cater to Eastern European and Central Asian markets, are also strongly in favor of maintaining good relations with Russia — as are the more business-focused sections of the Christian Democratic Union. In truth, Germany is split over how to approach Russia. In the past weeks, more hawkish voices took the lead. But the country is not upending its relationship with Russia — at least not yet."

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"Venezuela, Once an Oil Giant, Reaches the End of an Era"

Die Produktion der Ölindustrie in Venezuela, dem Land mit den größten Ölreserven der Welt, ist der New York Times zufolge aufgrund der US-Sanktionen weitgehend zum Erliegen gekommen. "The troubled industry went into a free fall last year, when the United States accused Mr. Chavez’s successor and protégé, President Nicolás Maduro, of election fraud and enacted severe economic sanctions to force him from power. Soon, Venezuela’s oil partners, bankers and customers broke ties, and output plunged at a pace that has outstripped Iraq’s downturn during both Gulf Wars and Iran’s after its Islamic Revolution. The sanctions forced the last American oil companies in the country to stop drilling. They may leave the country entirely in December, if the Trump administration ends their exemptions from sanctions. (…) analysts say Venezuelan oil industry is unlikely to attract the level of investment needed for a full recovery. In an era of stagnating global demand, weak prices and growing environmental concerns, the country’s extra heavy oil is particularly polluting and expensive to process."

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"Contact Tracing, Key to Reining In the Virus, Falls Flat in the West"

Westliche Staaten haben Benjamin Mueller zufolge große Probleme bei der Umsetzung einer konsequenten Kontaktverfolgung zur Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie. "Despite repeated vows by Western nations to develop 'world-beating' testing and tracing operations, those systems have been undone by a failure of governments to support citizens through onerous quarantines or to draw out intimate details of their whereabouts. That has shattered the hope of pinpoint measures replacing lockdowns and undermined flagging confidence in governments. Beholden to privacy rules, Western officials largely trusted people to hand over names to contact tracers. But that trust was not repaid, in large part because governments neglected services that were crucial to winning people’s cooperation: a fast and accurate testing system, and guarantees that people would be housed, fed and paid while they isolated. (…) the dissonance of countries asking people to take personal and professional risks in handing over contacts’ names, while at the same time scarcely supporting those who do, makes tracking the virus a difficult order. 'We say we’d like you to quarantine for the good of your neighbors, but in doing so potentially your kids starve and you lose your home,' Mr. Castrucci said. 'That’s bad math.'"

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"U.S. Military Seeks Authority to Expand Counterterrorism Drone War to Kenya"

Das US-Militär will der New York Times zufolge künftig Drohnenschläge gegen die somalische Al-Shabaab-Miliz in Kenia durchführen dürfen. "The U.S. military’s Africa Command is pressing for new authorities to carry out armed drone strikes targeting Qaeda-linked Shabab fighters in portions of eastern Kenya, potentially expanding the war zone across the border from their sanctuaries in Somalia, according to four American officials. The new authorities, which must still be approved by Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper and then President Trump, do not necessarily mean the United States will start carrying out drone attacks in Kenya. Nevertheless, they would give Africa Command permission under certain circumstances to expand the counterterrorism drone war into another country."

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"In Arab States’ Embrace, Israelis See a Reshaped Mideast"

In Israel breite sich nach den beiden Friedensabkommen mit arabischen Staaten die Hoffnung aus, dass das Land endlich Anerkennung in einer bisher überwiegend feindseligen Nachbarschaft finden könnte, berichtet David M. Halbfinger. "Formal diplomatic relations will mean a great deal to Israel after its long wait in isolation: the exchange of ambassadors, establishment of direct flights, new destinations for tourists once travel becomes possible again and the start or acceleration of a host of other commercial, cultural and scientific endeavors that until now could be conducted only in the shadows. But Dr. Yitshak Kreiss, director general of Sheba Medical Center, Israel’s largest hospital, and a former military surgeon general, said that the biggest impact could be in changing the way ordinary Israelis think about their place in the region."

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"As Both Sides Dig In, What’s the Endgame for Belarus?"

Die politischen Fronten in Weißrussland haben sich Andrew Higgins zufolge verhärtet. Auf Seiten der Protestierenden bleibe die Hoffnung, dass sich ihr friedlicher Widerstand am Ende durchsetzen wird. "(…) the opposition does not seem to know what to do next either, beyond staging yet more protests and pleading (…) Confident that President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia will not, at least for the moment, let him fall, Mr. Lukashenko has no need to worry about the United Nations: Russia is a permanent member of the Security Council and can block any move that might weaken his grip. Nor does he have to worry much about pressure from the West generally. The United States and the European Union have both condemned the violence against protesters but they have taken no concrete steps to punish Mr. Lukashenko and his security officials or to support his opponents."

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"When the Soldiers Meant to Protect You Instead Come to Kill"

Ruth Maclean berichtet in ihrer Reportage aus Burkina Faso, dass die Bevölkerung sowohl Banden und Extremisten als auch die Soldaten der eigenen Regierung fürchten müsse. "Over the past four years, Burkina Faso has fallen into chaos, with gunmen robbing, killing and threatening some of the poorest citizens in this landlocked West African nation, and causing 850,000 to flee their homes. Some of the gunmen are terrorists, loosely allied with the Islamic State or Al Qaeda. Some are bandits. Some are vigilantes. It is seldom spoken of, and the government denies it, but some are soldiers in Burkina Faso’s armed forces. In the name of ridding their country of Islamist extremists and bandits, government security forces are now killing about as many people as jihadists do, according to interviews with human rights campaigners and a security analyst. At least 2,000 people are thought to have been killed in Burkina Faso in the last 18 months, though such counts are woefully incomplete, partly because the government passed a law prohibiting journalists from reporting on anything that could 'demoralize' defense forces."

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"The Palestinian Plan to Stop Annexation: Remind Israel What Occupation Means"

Die palästinensische Führung plant der New York Times zufolge, die Palästinensische Autonomiebehörde (PA) im Fall einer israelischen Annexion des Westjordanlandes zusammenbrechen zu lassen und Israel faktisch die volle Verantwortung für die Besatzung zu übertragen. "Desperate to deter Israel from annexing occupied territory, the Palestinians are taking a number of provocative steps to break off cooperation with Israel and force it to shoulder full responsibility, as a military occupier, for the lives of more than two million Palestinians on the West Bank. While those measures may seem self-defeating, Palestinian leaders see them as powerful but reversible actions to get the Israelis and the international community to take them seriously and to back down — before, they say, it is too late. (…) The strategy outlined by Mr. al-Sheikh, which builds on that declaration, aims to remind the Israelis of the burdens they would assume if the Palestinian Authority disbanded, and to demonstrate that they are willing to let the authority collapse if annexation comes to pass."

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"Netanyahu’s Annexation Plans Meet Surprise Opponent: Israeli Settlers"

Überraschenderweise stoßen die Pläne der israelischen Regierung zur Annexion von Teilen des Westjordanlandes auch in der Siedlerbewegung auf Ablehnung. "Mr. Netanyahu’s plan, they argue, would open the door for a Palestinian state while ending any expansion of Israeli settlements in much of the West Bank, killing the religious-Zionist project to achieve dominion over the entire biblical homeland of the Jews. 'It’s either or,' Bezalel Smotrich, a firebrand lawmaker who has led the push for annexation, said in an interview. 'Either the settlements have a future, or the Palestinian state does — but not both.' The unexpectedly fierce opposition, coupled with mixed signals from the Trump administration, is raising questions about whether Mr. Netanyahu will follow through on his annexation pledges after all."

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"How the Taliban Outlasted a Superpower: Tenacity and Carnage"

Mujib Mashal zufolge stehen die Taliban kurz davor, ihre Ziele in Afghanistan zu erreichen. Um die USA nach fast 19 Jahren zum Rückzug zu zwingen, hätten sie ihre extremistische Ideologie kaum aufgeben müssen. "The Taliban have outlasted a superpower through nearly 19 years of grinding war. And dozens of interviews with Taliban officials and fighters in three countries, as well as with Afghan and Western officials, illuminated the melding of old and new approaches and generations that helped them do it. (…) At the same time, the Taliban have officially changed little of their harsh founding ideology as they prepare to start direct talks about power-sharing with the Afghan government. They have never explicitly renounced their past of harboring international terrorists, nor the oppressive practices toward women and minorities that defined their term in power in the 1990s. And the insurgents remain deeply opposed to the vast majority of the Western-supported changes in the country over the past two decades."

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"Trump Wants Troops in Afghanistan Home by Election Day. The Pentagon Is Drawing Up Plans."

US-Präsident Trump plant der New York Times zufolge, den Abzug der US-Truppen aus Afghanistan bereits am Wahltag im November zu verkünden. "Senior military officials are set to brief President Trump in the coming days on options for pulling all American troops out of Afghanistan, with one possible timeline for withdrawing forces before the presidential election, according to officials with knowledge of the plans. The proposal for a complete withdrawal by November reflects an understanding among military commanders that such a timeline may be Mr. Trump’s preferred option because it may help bolster his campaign. (…) Senior military officials believe a quick withdrawal from Afghanistan would effectively doom the peace deal reached this year with the Taliban."

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"Latin America’s Outbreaks Now Rival Europe’s. But Its Options Are Worse."

In einigen Städten Lateinamerikas habe die Corona-Pandemie ein Ausmaß wie in Europa erreicht, berichtet die New York Times. "Deaths doubled in Lima, rivaling the worst month of the pandemic in Paris. They tripled in Manaus, a metropolis tucked deep in Brazil’s Amazon — a surge similar to what London and Madrid endured. In Guayaquil, a port city in Ecuador, the sudden spike in fatalities in April was comparable to what New York City experienced during its worst month: more than five times the number of people died than in previous years. As the coronavirus’s toll eased in New York and in European capitals, a devastating wave has struck cities in Latin America, one that rivals the worst outbreaks in the world, an analysis of mortality data by The New York Times has found. (…) And while the catastrophes in Europe and the United States were closely monitored, playing out under intense international media scrutiny, much of Latin America’s pain is unfolding far from global view, under governments that can’t — or won’t — offer a full tally of the dead."

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"Global Backlash Builds Against China Over Coronavirus"

Auch in vielen anderen Ländern nehme das Misstrauen gegenüber China in der Coronakrise spürbar zu, stellt Steven Erlanger fest. "Across the globe a backlash is building against China for its initial mishandling of the crisis that helped loose the coronavirus on the world, creating a deeply polarizing battle of narratives and setting back China’s ambition to fill the leadership vacuum left by the United States. China, never receptive to outside criticism and wary of damage to its domestic control and long economic reach, has responded aggressively, combining medical aid to other countries with harsh nationalist rhetoric, and mixing demands for gratitude with economic threats. The result has only added momentum to the blowback and the growing mistrust of China in Europe and Africa, undermining China’s desired image as a generous global actor."

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"Seven Days in January: How Trump Pushed U.S. and Iran to the Brink of War"

Die New York Times beleuchtet in dieser Reportage, wie es zum Angriff auf General Soleimani und zum bisher "gefährlichsten Kapitel" der Präsidentschaft Donald Trumps gekommen ist. "The operation that took out General Suleimani, the commander of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, propelled the United States to the precipice of war with Iran and plunged the world into seven days of roiling uncertainty. The story of those seven days, and the secret planning in the months preceding them, ranks as the most perilous chapter so far in President Trump’s three years in office after his decision to launch an audacious strike on Iran, and his attempt through allies and a back channel to keep the ensuing crisis from mushrooming out of control."

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"3 Americans Die in Shabab Attack on Kenyan Base"

Die somalische Terrorgruppe "The Shabab" hat am Sonntag einen Anschlag auf eine amerikanische Militärbasis verübt, berichtet die New York Times. Die Basis wurde sowohl von somalischen wie auch amerikanischen Soldaten genutzt. "The attack at the military airstrip at Manda Bay, Kenya, early Sunday involved small-arms and other hostile fire, according to a statement by the military’s Africa Command. Fighters from the Shabab, an East African terrorist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, fought their way onto the base before Kenyan and American troops drove them back."

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"North Korea Is No Longer Bound by Nuclear Test Moratorium, Kim Says"

Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un hat das selbst auferlegte Moratorium für Atomwaffentests aufgehoben und die Enthüllung einer neuen strategischen Waffe in Aussicht gestellt. "North Korea has not conducted a long-range missile test or a nuclear test in more than two years. Mr. Kim had announced his moratorium at a time when he hoped negotiations with the United States — and his budding personal relationship with President Trump — would prompt the United States to begin lifting crippling sanctions. Mr. Trump, who has met Mr. Kim three times, has often cited the North’s restraint as a major diplomatic achievement. Speaking with reporters Tuesday night at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida, Mr. Trump said he still had a 'very good relationship' with Mr. Kim."

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"U.S. Escalates Online Attacks on Russia’s Power Grid"

In diesem Beitrag, für den die New York Times kurz nach Veröffentlichung durch US-Präsident Trump des "Hochverrats" bezichtigt wurde, berichten David E. Sanger und Nicole Perlroth über eine neue Hacker-Kampagne der US-Geheimdienste gegen das russische Stromnetz. "The United States is stepping up digital incursions into Russia’s electric power grid in a warning to President Vladimir V. Putin and a demonstration of how the Trump administration is using new authorities to deploy cybertools more aggressively, current and former government officials said. In interviews over the past three months, the officials described the previously unreported deployment of American computer code inside Russia’s grid and other targets as a classified companion to more publicly discussed action directed at Moscow’s disinformation and hacking units around the 2018 midterm elections. Advocates of the more aggressive strategy said it was long overdue (...). But it also carries significant risk of escalating the daily digital Cold War between Washington and Moscow."

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"Year Before Killing, Saudi Prince Told Aide He Would Use ‘a Bullet’ on Jamal Khashoggi"

US-Geheimdienstinformationen zufolge hat der saudi-arabische Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman 2017 offen gedroht, den regimekritischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi, der am 2. Oktober 2018 ermordet wurde, mit einer Kugel zum Schweigen zu bringen. "The conversation, intercepted by American intelligence agencies, is the most detailed evidence to date that the crown prince considered killing Mr. Khashoggi long before a team of Saudi operatives strangled him inside the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul and dismembered his body using a bone saw. (...) The conversation appears to have been recently transcribed and analyzed as part of an effort by intelligence agencies to find proof of who was responsible for Mr. Khashoggi’s death. The National Security Agency and other American spy agencies are now sifting through years of the crown prince’s voice and text communications that the N.S.A. routinely intercepted and stored, much as the agency has long done for other top foreign officials, including close allies of the United States."

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