US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The New York Times


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15.04.2021

"Biden's Afghan Pullout Is a Victory for Pakistan. But at What Cost?"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/15/world/asia/pakistan-afghanistan-withdrawal.html

Mujib Mashal, Salman Masood und Zia ur-Rehman beleuchten mögliche Auswirkungen des Rückzugs der USA aus Afghanistan auf dessen Nachbarland Pakistan: "In President Biden's decision to withdraw all American forces from Afghanistan by September, Pakistan's powerful military establishment finally gets its wish after decades of bloody intrigue: the exit of a disruptive superpower from a backyard (…). (…) But the Pakistani military's sheltering of the Taliban insurgency over the past two decades (…) risks another wave of disruption at home. (…) If Afghanistan descends into chaos, Pakistanis are bound to feel the burden again just as they did after Afghanistan disintegrated in the 1990s following the Soviet withdrawal. Millions of Afghan refugees crossed the porous border to seek relative safety in Pakistan's cities and towns. (…) And more: A Taliban return to power, either through a civil war or through a peace deal that gives them a share of power, would embolden the extremist movements in Pakistan (…)."

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14.04.2021

"Biden Administration to Impose Tough Sanctions on Russia"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/14/us/politics/biden-russia-sanctions.html

Die US-Regierung plane, Sanktionen gegen Russland zu verhängen, konstatieren Julian Barnes, Lara Jakes und David Sanger. "The sanctions will be among what President Biden's aides say are 'seen and unseen' steps in response to the hacking, known as SolarWinds; to the C.I.A.'s assessment that Russia offered to pay bounties to militants in Afghanistan to kill American troops; and to Russia's yearslong effort to interfere in United States elections, according to American officials and others who have been briefed on the actions. (…) The sanctions are meant to cut deeper than previous efforts to punish Russia for interfering in elections, targeting the country's sovereign debt, according to people briefed on the matter. (…) Restrictions on sovereign debt affect a nation's ability to raise dollar-denominated bonds, with lenders fearful of being cut off from American financial markets."

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13.04.2021

"With Afghan Decision, Biden Seeks to Focus U.S. on New Challenges"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/13/us/politics/biden-afghanistan-foreign-policy.html

Mit der Festlegung eines Zeitplans für den Abzug der amerikanischen Truppen aus Afghanistan signalisiere US-Präsident Joe Biden, dass sich die Vereinigten Staaten künftig auf neue außenpolitische Prioritäten konzentrieren wollen, analysiert David Sanger. "(I)n that vision, the priorities are fighting poverty and racial inequities and increasing investment in broadband, semiconductors, artificial intelligence and 5G communications - not using the military to prop up the government of President Ashraf Ghani. (…) And if Mr. Biden can truly focus the country on far bigger strategic challenges - in space and cyberspace, against declining powers like Russia and rising ones like China - he will have finally moved the country out of its post-9/11 fixation, where counterterrorism overrode every other foreign policy and domestic imperative."

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10.04.2021

"'Maximum Pressure' on Iran Has Failed"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/10/opinion/sunday/iran-nuclear-deal-sanctions.html

Die von der Trump-Administration 2018 forcierte Politik des "maximalen Drucks" gegen Iran sei gescheitert, argumentiert das New York Times Editorial Board. Die Vereinigten Staaten müssten zur Wiener Nuklearvereinbarung von 2015 zurückkehren. "In 2018, the Trump administration unilaterally withdrew from that agreement, convinced that a new set of far more oppressive sanctions would cripple the country enough to humiliate it into accepting new terms more favorable to the United States. But President Donald Trump's gambit failed. (…) The uncomfortable truth is that 'maximum pressure' sanctions are unsustainable. They haven't changed Iranian behavior for the better. Quite the opposite. To punish the United States for refusing to hold up its end of the bargain, Iran has orchestrated calibrated violations of its own - to remind the United States what a world without the Iran nuclear deal looks like."

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07.04.2021

"In Bid to Boost Its Profile, ISIS Turns to Africa's Militants"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/07/world/africa/ISIS-Africa-Mozambique.html

Die Gewalt durch islamistische Extremisten habe auf dem afrikanischen Kontinent im vergangenen Jahr ein Rekordhoch erreicht, analysieren Christina Goldbaum und Eric Schmitt. Die Terrormiliz "Islamischer Staat" (ISIS) propagiere dies als ihren Erfolg, obwohl viele lokale Gruppen nur lose mit der Organisation verbunden seien. "'As an organization more broadly, ISIS is hurting,' said Colin P. Clarke, a counterterrorism analyst at the Soufan Group, a New York-based security consulting firm. (…) The Islamic State has forged ties with many of these local insurgencies in what analysts have described as a marriage of convenience: For the militants, the Islamic State brand brings legitimacy and recognition from local governments that the homegrown guerrilla movements have long craved. The Islamic State, in turn, has been able to broadcast the local militants' attacks as proof that their global jihad is alive and well."

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04.04.2021

"Maoist Insurgents Kill 23 Indian Forces in Ambush, Officials Say"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/04/world/asia/india-maoist-insurgents-ambush.html

Maoistische Kämpfer hätten jüngst mindestens 23 indische Sicherheitskräfte im indischen Chhattisgarh getötet, berichten Mujib Mashal und Hari Kumar. "A large force of Indian security personnel had been carrying out a clearance operation in a densely forested area on the edges of the Bijapur district when they were ambushed by the insurgents on Saturday in a firefight that lasted four hours. (…) The insurgents, who trace their roots to communist politics in the 1960s, use violence against the state in the name of championing the cause of India's poor and marginalized. (…) (T)he Indian government has shrunk the space where the insurgents operate over the past decade by combining military operations involving tens of thousands of paramilitary forces with economic packages to the areas the insurgents used as a base for activity and recruitment. (…) Nevertheless, the group continues to launch hit-and-run attacks, ambushing security forces in friendly terrain and inflicting casualties in deadly battles."

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02.04.2021

"Vaccine 'Fiasco' Damages Europe's Credibility"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/02/world/europe/europe-coronavirus-vaccine.html

Die COVID-19-Impfungen gingen innerhalb der EU nur schleppend voran, beobachtet Steven Erlanger. Das internationale Ansehen des Staatenverbundes sei hierdurch beschädigt worden. Eine Beeinträchtigung der Handlungsfähigkeit der EU in anderen Bereichen könnte die Folge sein. "'This has been catastrophic for the reputation of the European Union,' said Mark Leonard, the director of the European Council on Foreign Relations. (…) 'The E.U. waded into an area with no expertise and competence and put a spotlight on itself,' he said. 'In the minds of many who look at the U.K. and U.S. and Israel, they think we're doing badly because of European cooperation, and that will have a corrosive impact in other areas.'"

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30.03.2021

"A Painful Project for France: A Museum on the Ravages of Terrorism"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/30/world/europe/france-terrorism-museum.html

Frankreich plane, ein Museum einzurichten, das den Terrorismus der vergangenen fünfzig Jahre thematisiert, erläutert Gaëlle Fournier. Auch die Anschläge 2015 auf die Büros des Satiremagazins Charlie Hebdo und die Konzerthalle Bataclan in Paris sollen darin aufgegriffen werden. "The move is a bold one given that the country is still grappling with the trauma of these attacks, with victims whose physical and psychological wounds are still raw. (…) But the planners of the project say the museum is needed to help the people of France to confront and understand a scourge that they will be living with for some time. (…) The new museum is expected to be inaugurated in the Paris area by 2027, and will aim to show how France and other terrorism-affected countries have reacted to attacks (…), with a particular emphasis on the resilience of their people."

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30.03.2021

"The Taliban Think They Have Already Won, Peace Deal or Not"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/30/world/asia/taliban-victory-afghanistan.html

In Afghanistan verkündeten die Taliban, sie hätten den Krieg bereits gewonnen, bemerkt Adam Nossiter. Aufgrund ihrer starken Verhandlungsposition signalisierten die Taliban keine Kompromissbereitschaft: "On the eve of talks in Turkey next month over the country's future, it is the elephant in the room: the half-acknowledged truth that the Taliban have the upper hand and are thus showing little outward interest in compromise, or of going along with the dominant American idea, power-sharing. While the Taliban's current rhetoric is also propaganda, the grim sense of Taliban supremacy is dictating the response of a desperate Afghan government and influencing Afghanistan's anxious foreign interlocutors. It contributes to the abandonment of dozens of checkpoints and falling morale among the Afghan security forces, already hammered by a 'not sustainable' casualty rate of perhaps 3,000 a month, a senior Western diplomat in Kabul said."

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29.03.2021

"An Alliance of Autocracies? China Wants to Lead a New World Order."

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/29/world/asia/china-us-russia.html

China versuche, sich als Herausforderer einer von den USA angeführten Weltordnung zu positionieren, argumentiert Steven Lee Myers. "The threat of a United States-led coalition challenging China's authoritarian policies has only bolstered Beijing's ambition to be a global leader of nations that oppose Washington and its allies. It shows an increasingly confident and unapologetic China, one that not only refutes American criticism of its internal affairs but that presents its own values as a model for others. (…) As result, the world is increasingly dividing into distinct if not purely ideological camps, with both China and the United States hoping to lure supporters."

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24.03.2021

"'Power for Power': North Korea Returns to a Show of Force"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/25/world/asia/north-korea-ballistic-missiles.html

Choe Sang-Hun beleuchtet die Hintergründe des jüngsten Raketentests Nordkoreas: "The launch, which defied the United Nations Security Council's ban on ballistic missile tests by North Korea, reflected a country resorting again to shows of force, raising tensions to gain leverage as the Biden administration finalizes its North Korea policy review. The test was also seen as a signal to Washington that Pyongyang will carry out more provocative tests, involving longer-range missiles, if it decides that Mr. Biden's policies are unreasonable. 'North Korea uses weapons tests strategically, both to make needed improvements to its weapons and to garner global attention,' said Jean H. Lee, a North Korea expert at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars."

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23.03.2021

"China Doesn't Respect Us Anymore - for Good Reason"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/23/opinion/china-america.html

China sehe die Vereinigten Staaten als eine Nation im Niedergang - das sei nicht überraschend, kommentiert Thomas Friedman. "(...) Yang Jiechi, China's top foreign affairs policymaker, baldly told his U.S. counterparts: 'The United States does not have the qualification … to speak to China from a position of strength.' Surprised? What did you think, that the Chinese didn't notice that our last president inspired his followers to ransack our Capitol, (...) that during the pandemic the U.S. printed money to help its consumers keep spending - much of it on Chinese-made goods - while China printed money to invest in even more infrastructure (...)?"

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21.03.2021

"China Censors the Internet. So Why Doesn't Russia?"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/21/world/europe/russia-internet-censorship.html

Anders als China setze Russland bisher nicht auf die Zensur des Internets, sondern auf Einschüchterung, analysiert Anton Troianovski. "While the Kremlin fears an open internet shaped by American companies, it just can't quit it. (…) For years, the Russian government has been putting in place the technological and legal infrastructure to clamp down on freedom of speech online, leading to frequent predictions that the country could be heading toward internet censorship akin to China's great firewall. But even as Mr. Putin faced the biggest protests in years last month, his government appeared unwilling - and, to some degree, unable - to block websites or take other drastic measures to limit the spread of digital dissent. (…) 'They’re afraid,' Dmitri Galushko, a Moscow telecommunications consultant, said of why the Kremlin hasn't clamped down harder. 'They've got all these weapons, but they don't know how to use them.'"

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20.03.2021

"Even Suicide Bombings Can't Keep These Students From School"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/20/world/asia/hazara-bombings-schools.html

Viele afghanische Schülerinnen und Schüler, die der Hazara-Minderheit angehören, riskierten beim Schulbesuch ihr Leben, bemerken David Zucchino und Fahim Abed. Mehrfach habe es bereits Anschläge auf Schulen gegeben. "Perhaps no other minority group faces a more harrowing future if the Taliban return to power as a result of negotiations with the Afghan government (…). (…) Under the Taliban's rule, thousands of Hazaras were massacred in pogroms. But since the American invasion in 2001 toppled the Taliban government, Hazaras have carved out thriving communities, businesses, schools and mosques in western Kabul and in Hazarajat, in the highlands of central Afghanistan. (...) In some Hazara areas, local militias have formed to protect communities from attacks."

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16.03.2021

"The Victims of Agent Orange the U.S. Has Never Acknowledged"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/16/magazine/laos-agent-orange-vietnam-war.html

George Black beschreibt die Spätfolgen des von den USA im Zuge des Vietnamkriegs im Nachbarland Laos eingesetzten Herbizids "Agent Orange". Lange sei unklar gewesen, wie viele Menschen in der laotisch-vietnamesischen Grenzregion von den Langzeitwirkungen des chemischen Entlaubungsmittels betroffen sind. "An in-depth, monthslong review of old Air Force records, including details of hundreds of spraying flights, as well as interviews with many residents of villages along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, reveals that, at a conservative estimate, at least 600,000 gallons of herbicides rained down on the ostensibly neutral nation during the war. (...) Of the 517 cases of disabilities and birth defects so far documented by the War Legacies Project in Laos, about three-fourths, like malformed limbs, are identifiable to the untrained eye as conditions of the sorts now linked to exposure to Agent Orange."

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16.03.2021

"Visiting Japan, Top U.S. Envoys Set Combative Tone for China Talks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/16/world/asia/us-japan-china-talks.html

Während eines Besuchs in Tokio bezeichnete der US-amerikanische Verteidigungsminister Lloyd Austin Chinas militärische Manöver im Süd- und Ostchinesischen Meer als "destabilizing actions", bemerken Lara Jakes, Motoko Rich und John Ismay. Außenminister Antony Blinken habe ergänzt: "'We will push back when necessary when China uses coercion or aggression to try to get its way,' (…). (…) Taken together, the Americans' statements amounted to the most explicit admonishment in recent years by U.S. diplomats of Chinese provocations toward Japan and the rest of the region. They offered a taste of what is likely to come on Thursday, when Mr. Blinken is to meet in Alaska with two top Chinese officials in the Biden administration's opening bid to define the limits of its relationship with Beijing."

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14.03.2021

"U.S. Has 1,000 More Troops in Afghanistan Than It Disclosed"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/14/world/asia/us-troops-afghanistan.html

Die USA hätten aktuell 3.500 Soldatinnen und Soldaten in Afghanistan eingesetzt - etwa 1.000 mehr als bisher offiziell bekannt gegeben, bemerken Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Helene Cooper und Eric Schmitt. "The cloudy accounting around the troop numbers results from some Special Operations forces having been put 'off the books,' according to a senior U.S. official, as well as the presence of some temporary and transitioning units. (…) Having more troops in a country than the Defense Department officially acknowledges is common practice. From Syria to Yemen to Mali, the United States often details military troops to the CIA or other agencies, declares that information 'classified' and refuses to publicly acknowledge their presence."

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10.03.2021

"Xi's Gambit: China Plans for a World Without American Technology"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/10/business/china-us-tech-rivalry.html

Paul Mozur und Steven Lee Myers beleuchten Chinas Bemühungen, eine von den USA unabhängige Innovations-Supermacht zu werden: "'China wants to reduce its dependency on the world - not to reduce its trade and interaction but to ensure that it is not vulnerable to the kind of strategic blackmail against China that it has historically used against others,' said Daniel Russel, a former American diplomat who is now a vice president at the Asia Society Policy Institute. (...) In recent weeks, Chinese officials have repeatedly emphasized the danger of 'choke points' where the United States controls key foundational technologies."

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03.03.2021

"Rockets Hit Iraqi Base Where U.S. Troops Are Stationed"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/03/world/middleeast/iraq-base-rocket-attack.html

Am vergangenen Mittwoch seien zehn Raketen auf den Luftwaffenstützpunkt Ayn Al Asad in der irakischen Provinz Anbar abgefeuert worden, berichten Jane Arraf und Helene Cooper. Auf der Militärbasis hielten sich auch US-Truppen auf. "A senior (US) Defense Department official said a U.S. contractor had died of an apparent heart attack during the rocket barrage. Officials in Washington did not identify the group responsible for the attack. (…) Even though the contractor who died did so of a heart attack, and no service personnel were killed, the administration may feel the need to respond, Defense Department officials said."

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24.02.2021

"America Is Not 'Back.' And Americans Should Not Want It to Be."

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/24/opinion/biden-foreign-policy.html

Die Vereinigten Staaten seien nicht zurück und das sei auch gut so, findet Stephen Wertheim. "After four years of Donald Trump, the impulse to return to familiar habits is understandable. But those habits, especially the moralization of one country's armed dominance, have proved destructive. What matters is whether the Biden administration will actually make America - No. 1 in armed force and arms dealing - less violent in the world. In that regard, Mr. Biden's larger vision, of the United States dividing the globe into subordinate allies and multiplying adversaries, and shouldering the burdens toward both, remains troubling, no matter how high-minded his rhetoric or diplomatic his actions. (…) President Biden should break firmly with the pre-Trump status quo. (…) The task for Mr. Biden, and a new generation, is not to restore American leadership of the world but rather to lead America to a new place in the world."

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23.02.2021

"Israel Gives Vaccine to Far-Off Allies, as Palestinians Wait"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/23/world/middleeast/israel-palestinians-vaccine-diplomacy.html

Die israelische Regierung habe der Tschechischen Republik und Honduras jeweils 5.000 Dosen COVID-19-Impfstoff zugesagt, berichtet Patrick Kingsley. Gleichzeitig werde Kritik daran laut, dass viele Palästinenserinnen und Palästinenser weiterhin auf das Vakzin warten müssen. "The donations are the latest example of a new expression of soft power: vaccine diplomacy, in which countries rich in vaccines seek to reward or sway those that have little access to them. (…) The vaccines allocated (…) were given without conditions, but they tacitly reward recent gestures from the receiving countries that implicitly accept Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem, which both Israelis and Palestinians consider their capital. (…) Israel has pledged at least twice as many doses to faraway countries as it has so far promised to the nearly five million Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip."

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20.02.2021

"Israel Secretly Agrees to Fund Vaccines for Syria as Part of Prisoner Swap"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/20/world/middleeast/israel-syria-prisoner-swap-vaccines.html

Israel habe als Gegenleistung für die Freilassung einer in Syrien festgehaltenen Israelin eine Lieferung COVID-19-Impfstoff für Damaskus finanziert, informieren Patrick Kingsley, Ronen Bergman and Andrew Kramer. "Under the deal, Israel will pay Russia, which mediated it, to send Russian-made Sputnik V vaccines to the regime of President Bashar al-Assad of Syria (…). The Israeli government declined to comment on the vaccine aspect of the deal (…). The deal constitutes a rare moment of uneasy cooperation between two states that have fought several wars and still contest the sovereignty of a tract of land, the Golan Heights (…). It also highlights how vaccines are increasingly a feature of international diplomacy."

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15.02.2021

"The Taliban Close In on Afghan Cities, Pushing the Country to the Brink"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/15/world/asia/taliban-afghanistan.html

Die Taliban seien in den vergangenen Monaten immer näher an die wichtigsten afghanischen Städte vorgerückt, schildern Thomas Gibbons-Neff und Taimoor Shah. Dies bringe die US-Regierung hinsichtlich der Frage eines Truppenabzugs in eine schwierige Situation: "If the Biden administration honors the withdrawal date, officials and analysts fear the Taliban could overwhelm what's left of the Afghan security forces and take control of major cities (…). But if the United States delays its withdrawal deadline (…) the Taliban would most likely consider the 2020 deal with the United States void, which could lead to renewed attacks on American and NATO troops (…)."

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14.02.2021

"A Decade After the Arab Spring, Autocrats Still Rule the Mideast"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/14/world/middleeast/arab-spring-mideast-autocrats.html

Die meisten Länder des Arabischen Frühlings lägen zehn Jahre nach den Protesten in Ruinen, beobachten Ben Hubbard und David D. Kirkpatrick. Einen Hoffnungsschimmer gebe es dennoch: "The biggest hope voiced by intellectuals in Washington and the region is that the Arab Spring at least gave people a taste for the possibility of democracy. And that if the underlying inequality and oppression that led to the revolts have only gotten worse, uprisings are likely to return, as they have recently in Sudan, Algeria, Lebanon and Iraq."

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14.02.2021

"China's Crackdown on Muslims Extends to a Resort Island"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/14/world/asia/china-muslims-sanya-hainan.html

Keith Bradsher und Amy Qin skizzieren das Vorgehen der chinesischen Führung gegen eine auf der südchinesischen Insel Hainan ansässige muslimische Gemeinschaft. "The government's crackdown on the tiny, deeply pious community in this southern Chinese city has been subtle. (…) The Utsuls, a community of no more than 10,000 Muslims in Sanya, are among the latest to emerge as targets of the Chinese Communist Party's campaign against foreign influence and religions. Their troubles show how Beijing is working to erode the religious identity of even its smallest Muslim minorities, in a push for a unified Chinese culture with the Han ethnic majority at its core."

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11.02.2021

"The Newest Diplomatic Currency: Covid-19 Vaccines"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/11/world/asia/vaccine-diplomacy-india-china.html

China und Indien würden den COVID-19-Impfstoff als neue Währung internationaler Diplomatie einsetzen, erläutern Mujib Mashal und Vivian Yee. Diese Strategie habe jedoch Risiken: "India and China, both of which are making vaccines for the rest of the world, have vast populations of their own that they need to inoculate. Though there are few signs of grumbling in either country, that could change as the public watches doses get sold or donated abroad."

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10.02.2021

"Biden's Top Challenge Abroad Is Something No One Wants to Talk About"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/10/world/europe/biden-nuclear-weapons-arms-control.html

Nach vier Jahren Trump-Administration sei Präsident Biden mit einer Welt voll nuklearer Gefahren konfrontiert, bemerkt Steven Erlanger. Viele Experten warnten nun, dass er die Rüstungskontrolle wieder zu einer Priorität machen müsse. "The problem of reassurance Mr. Biden faces is both military and political, said Mark Fitzpatrick, an associate fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies. There is the growing threat from nuclear adversaries and less arms control, he said, and then there are the doubts about American willingness to act. (…) As Mr. Fitzpatrick notes, 'vulnerability doesn't matter if you believe and trust in U.S. security guarantees, because the U.S. has over the horizon stuff that can hit targets in 30 minutes.' But that, he and others say, is an increasingly big 'if.'"

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04.02.2021

"Inside the Shadowy Militias Luring Unsuspecting Afghans to Fight, or Die"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/04/world/asia/afghanistan-militias-balkh-taliban.html

Fahim Abed und Thomas Gibbons-Neff geben einen Einblick in die Rekrutierungsmethoden afghanischer Warlords und Milizenführer. Insbesondere die arme Bevölkerung Afghanistans würde, häufig unter falschem Vorwand, zur Verteidigung von Außenposten gegen die Taliban angeworben werden. "The militia members are dropped in areas too dangerous to flee and only picked up weeks or months later, dead or alive. The crooked recruitment practice is the latest indication that Afghanistan's security forces have been hollowed out by degrading morale and poor recruitment as Taliban attacks continue at an unrelenting pace across the country. It also signals a resurgence of warlordism, a distinct echo of a past civil war when the country was fractured into territories ruled over by strongmen and a disturbing warning of where the country's future may lead."

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03.02.2021

"Modi's Response to Farmer Protests in India Stirs Fears of a Pattern"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/03/world/asia/india-modi-farmer-protest-censorship.html

Nach Verhaftungen von Journalistinnen und Journalisten und der Blockierung des Internetzugangs an Orten, an denen sich Demonstrierende versammelten, zeichne sich ein Muster der Beschneidung der Meinungsfreiheit ab, erklären Mujib Mashal und Sameer Yasir. Dieses führe Indien auf einen gefährlichen Weg der Intoleranz. "In its response to other contentious policies - including citizenship laws that disadvantaged Muslims, its clampdown on the disputed Kashmir region and the farmers' protests - Mr. Modi's government has resorted to arrests, stifling of dissenting voices, and blocking of the internet. Groups that track internet freedom say India's is slipping. While some of the tactics are not new in India's recent history, many fear Mr. Modi is taking them to new heights."

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31.01.2021

"Militants Storm Hotel in Somali Capital and Blasts Rock Area"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/31/world/africa/Mogadishu-attack-hotel-shabab.html

Am Sonntagabend haben Milizen ein großes Hotel in Mogadishu gestürmt, das als Treffpunkt für somalische Politiker und Mitarbeiter des Sicherheitsdienstes bekannt sei, berichtet Abdi Latif Dahir. Für den Angriff, bei dem mindestens zwei Menschen starben, sei die extremistische Gruppe Shabab verantwortlich. "The Qaeda-linked group has financial muscle, too, as is collects millions of dollars in tariffs and payoffs to finances its operations, according to a United Nations Security Council report from last year. The group has been moving this money through Somalia's banking system and is investing in local businesses and real estate. Former President Trump, in the waning days of his term, announced an abrupt withdrawal of the 700 American troops from the country, leading observers to worry the pullout would embolden the Shabab and push them to carry out more attacks against the weak but internationally-backed government."

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Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror

Terror

Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Kriege sehen heute anders aus als noch vor 100 oder 50 Jahren: oft stehen sich Staaten und bewaffnet...

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