US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The New York Times


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"Biden Weighs Deploying Thousands of Troops to Eastern Europe and Baltics"

Amerikanischen Offiziellen zufolge erwäge Präsident Joe Biden, tausende US-Truppen sowie Kriegsschiffe und Flugzeuge ins Baltikum und nach Osteuropa zu entsenden, beobachten Helene Cooper und Eric Schmitt. "The move would signal a major pivot for the Biden administration, which up until recently was taking a restrained stance on Ukraine, out of fear of provoking Russia into invading. (…) In a meeting on Saturday at Camp David, the presidential retreat in Maryland, senior Pentagon officials presented Mr. Biden with several options that would shift American military assets much closer to Mr. Putin's doorstep, the administration officials said. The options include sending 1,000 to 5,000 troops to Eastern European countries, with the potential to increase that number tenfold if things deteriorate."

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"Most 'Havana Syndrome' Cases Unlikely Caused by Foreign Power, C.I.A. Says"

Nach Einschätzung des US-Auslandsgeheimdienstes CIA sei es bei den meisten registrierten Fällen des sogenannten "Havanna-Syndroms" unwahrscheinlich, dass die mysteriösen gesundheitlichen Beschwerden von einem ausländischen Akteur verursacht wurden, berichtet Julian Barnes. "A majority of the 1,000 cases reported to the government can be explained by environmental causes, undiagnosed medical conditions or stress, rather than a sustained global campaign by a foreign power, C.I.A. officials said, describing the interim findings of a comprehensive study. The C.I.A. is continuing its investigation into two dozen cases that remain unexplained. Those cases, said a U.S. official briefed on the findings, offer the greatest chance of yielding clues to whether a foreign power is responsible for some of the unexplained health incidents that have plagued American diplomats and C.I.A. personnel in Havana and Vienna, among other cities."

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"Russia and Iran Put on a Show of Unity - Against the U.S."

Irans Präsident Ebrahim Raisi habe in Moskau am Mittwoch seinen russischen Amtskollegen Wladimir Putin getroffen, stellen Farnaz Fassihi, Steven Erlanger und Anton Troianovski fest. "It was a bit of geopolitical theater at the Kremlin at a critical moment for Washington and its adversaries. Mr. Raisi, the hard-line Iranian leader, started a two-day trip to Moscow on Wednesday designed to showcase tightening bonds between two countries with often-diverging interests and a history of strained relations - but, increasingly, along with China, a single adversary: the United States. For Mr. Putin, embroiled in a dispute with the United States over spheres of influence and facing harsh sanctions if he follows through on a threatened invasion of Ukraine, it was a chance to show that Russia has friends it can call on in its battles with the West."

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"U.S. Says Russia Sent Saboteurs Into Ukraine to Create Pretext for Invasion"

Der US-Regierung zufolge arbeite die russische Führung daran, einen Vorwand für einen Einmarsch in die Ukraine zu schaffen, schreibt David Sanger. "The White House accused Moscow on Friday of sending saboteurs into eastern Ukraine to stage an incident that could provide President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia with a pretext for ordering an invasion of the country. The administration did not release details of the evidence it had collected, but Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, said the operatives were trained in urban warfare and explosives. 'Russia is laying the groundwork to have the option of fabricating a pretext for invasion,' Ms. Psaki said, 'including through sabotage activities and information operations, by accusing Ukraine of preparing an imminent attack against Russian forces in eastern Ukraine.'"

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"Rockets Possibly Fired by Pro-Iran Assailants Target U.S. Embassy in Iraq"

Auf die US-Botschaft in der irakischen Hauptstadt Bagdad seien vier Raketen abgefeuert worden, beobachtet Jane Arraf. "The Iraqi military said one rocket had landed inside a school across the street from the U.S. Embassy in the heavily fortified Green Zone, with shock waves from the blast slightly wounding an Iraqi child and an Iraqi soldier. There were no immediate reports of casualties or details about damage from the other three rockets. (…) The rockets were launched against the backdrop of a spate of rocket and drone strikes against American personnel in Iraq and Syria that Biden administration officials have attributed to Iran-backed militias. (…) There were no claims of responsibility."

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"What is NATO?"

Peter Robins gibt einen Überblick über die Entwicklung und Bedeutung der NATO: "The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was the heart of the U.S.-led, anti-Soviet military alliance during the decades of the Cold War, and remains central to Western diplomatic and military cooperation. (…) It now has 30 members, including three Baltic states that were once directly part of the Soviet Union. (…) But the expansion of NATO has increasingly generated pushback."

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"U.N. Seeks Huge Aid Increase to Prevent 'Catastrophe' in Afghanistan"

Die Vereinten Nationen hätten internationale Geber aufgerufen, mehr als fünf Milliarden US-Dollar für Afghanistan bereitzustellen, um dort eine humanitäre Katastrophe zu vermeiden, berichtet Nick Cumming-Bruce. "Five months after the Taliban seized power, a severe drought and the cumulative toll of decades of war have left more than half the country's population needing humanitarian aid and plunged three-quarters of its 40 million people into acute poverty, the United Nations said. (…) Without international aid, a million Afghan children face acute hunger and another eight million people face 'a march to starvation, and ultimately even possible famine,' Mr. Griffiths [the U.N.'s emergency aid coordinator] told reporters."

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"Russia Positioning Helicopters, in Possible Sign of Ukraine Plans"

Russland soll mit der Verlegung von Militärhubschraubern an die Grenze zur Ukraine begonnen haben, bemerken Julian Barnes, Michael Crowley und Eric Schmitt. "While troop movements have slowed, there are still 100,000 military personnel near the border and now the Russians have positioned additional attack aircraft there, American officials said. Attack and transport helicopters, along with ground attack fighter jets, would be a critical Russian advantage, should Mr. Putin decide to invade Ukraine."

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"Foreign Drones Tip the Balance in Ethiopia's Civil War"

Bewaffnete Drohnen aus dem Iran, der Türkei und den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten hätten zu den militärischen Erfolgen der äthiopischen Regierungstruppen im Kampf gegen die Volksbefreiungsfront von Tigray (TPLF) beigetragen, beobachtet Declan Walsh. "Over the past four months, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Iran have quietly supplied Mr. Abiy with some of the latest armed drones, even as the United States and African governments were urging a cease-fire and peace talks, according to two Western diplomats who have been briefed on the crisis and spoke on condition of anonymity. The motives of Mr. Abiy's suppliers varied: to make money; to gain an edge in a strategic region; and to back a winner in the spiraling conflict that has engulfed Africa's second most populous nation."

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"Israeli Defense Officials Cast Doubt on Threat to Attack Iran"

Nach Einschätzung mehrerer aktueller und ehemaliger israelischer Militärangehöriger sei Israel - zumindest im Moment - nicht in der Lage, einen Angriff gegen Iran durchzuführen, der das Atomprogramm des Landes zerstören oder auch nur deutlich verzögern könnte, schreiben Ronen Bergman und Patrick Kingsley. "One current high-ranking security official said it would take at least two years to prepare an attack that could cause significant damage to Iran's nuclear project. A smaller-scale strike, damaging parts of the program without ending it entirely, would be feasible sooner, experts and officials say. But a wider effort to destroy the dozens of nuclear sites in distant parts of Iran - the kind of attack Israeli officials have threatened - would be beyond the current resources of the Israeli armed forces."

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"Hidden Pentagon Records Reveal Patterns of Failure in Deadly Airstrikes"

Dokumente aus einem Archiv des Pentagons würden zahlreiche Fehler bei US-Luftangriffen in Afghanistan, im Irak und in Syrien offenbaren, erläutert Azmat Khan. "The trove of documents - the military's own confidential assessments of more than 1,300 reports of civilian casualties, obtained by The New York Times - lays bare how the air war has been marked by deeply flawed intelligence, rushed and often imprecise targeting, and the deaths of thousands of civilians, many of them children, a sharp contrast to the American government's image of war waged by all-seeing drones and precision bombs. (…) Taken together, the reporting offers the most sweeping, and also the most granular, portrait of how the air war was prosecuted and investigated - and of its civilian toll. There is no way to determine that full toll, but one thing is certain: It is far higher than the Pentagon has acknowledged."

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"The Nobel Peace Prize That Paved the Way for War"

Declan Walsh beleuchtet die Ursprünge des Tigray-Konflikts in Äthiopien: "New evidence shows that Ethiopia's prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, had been planning a military campaign in the northern Tigray region for months before war erupted one year ago, setting off a cascade of destruction and ethnic violence that has engulfed Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous country. (…) In fact, it was a war of choice for Mr. Abiy - one with wheels set in motion even before the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 that turned him, for a time, into a global icon of nonviolence."

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"How Beijing Influences the Influencers"

Die chinesische Regierung nutze Influencerinnen und Influencer, um ein positives Bild Chinas in der Welt zu verbreiten, analysieren Aliza Aufrichtig, Aaron Krolik, Nailah Morgan, Paul Mozur und Raymond Zhong. "The videos have a casual, homespun feel. But on the other side of the camera often stands a large apparatus of government organizers, state-controlled news media and other official amplifiers - all part of the Chinese government's widening attempts to spread pro-Beijing messages around the planet. State-run news outlets and local governments have organized and funded pro-Beijing influencers' travel, according to government documents and the creators themselves."

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"Militants Kill 2 Policemen in Kashmir as Violence Escalates"

Im Kaschmir-Tal sei es zu Beginn der Woche erneut zu gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen gekommen, meldet Sameer Yasir. "Militants fired on a police bus in the Indian region of Kashmir on Monday, killing at least two officers and wounding more than a dozen, the police said, just three days after a similar attack left two policemen dead. Kashmir, disputed between India and Pakistan, has long endured clashes between separatist insurgents and government forces, and the violence has escalated recently as strict security protocols imposed in 2019 and pandemic restrictions have been lifted."

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"Israeli Leader Travels to U.A.E., Showcasing Deepening Ties"

Israels Ministerpräsident Naftali Bennett sei am Sonntag als erster Regierungschef seines Landes zu einem offiziellen Besuch in die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate gereist, beobachtet Patrick Kingsley. "The visit is the latest sign of deepening ties between Israel and parts of the Arab world, a process that accelerated in the fall of 2020 when Israel began to sign diplomatic agreements with four countries, including the United Arab Emirates, that had previously avoided formal relations with Israel because of its conflict with the Palestinians. (…) Prince Mohammed's invitation to Mr. Bennett underscored the shifting priorities of Persian Gulf countries like the United Arab Emirates, for whom the threat of a nuclear Iran is now of far greater concern than an immediate resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."

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"U.S. Announces End to Combat Mission in Iraq, but Troops Will Not Leave"

Das US-Militär habe eigenen Angaben zufolge die Abwicklung seines Kampfeinsatzes im Irak beendet, bemerkt Jane Arraf. "The U.S. military on Thursday said it had completed its transition from a combat mission in Iraq to one meant to 'advise, assist and enable' Iraqi forces that are battling the remnants of the Islamic State. While the announcement signaled the latest shift in the mission in Iraq since the United States invaded 18 years ago, the move does not reduce the number of American forces in the country; rather, it will keep the same numbers of soldiers - roughly 2,500 - on the ground in support roles."

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"Ally, Member or Partner? NATO's Long Dilemma Over Ukraine."

Die Ukraine stelle die NATO vor ein Dilemma, welches das Verteidigungsbündnis selbst mitverursacht habe, konstatiert Steven Erlanger. "In 2008, NATO - an American-led alliance explicitly created to counter the Soviet Union - promised membership to two former Soviet republics, Ukraine and Georgia, but without specifying when or how. (…) From the outset, some NATO nations questioned whether the offer of membership was a wise move, and it is not clear that the promise will ever be kept, but predictably, it has fed a lasting conflict with President Vladimir V. Putin."

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"Ethiopia Says It Recaptured Strategic Towns From Rebels"

Äthiopiens Militär habe nach Angaben der äthiopischen Regierung zwei strategisch wichtige Städte im Tigray-Konflikt zurückerobert, beobachtet Abdi Latif Dahir. "Although the circumstances were unclear, the government appears to have regained control of two towns - Dessie and Kombolcha - that are pivotal to both the rebels and government forces, and has shrunk the area controlled by the rebels. The towns were prized by both sides because they are on a crucial highway that connects the landlocked nation to the ports of neighboring Djibouti in the east, where the majority of Ethiopia's exports and imports are handled. (…) The claims of territorial gains are the latest twist in a metastasizing war that has caused a massive humanitarian crisis and led to reports of massacres, sexual violence and ongoing ethnically motivated detentions."

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"On Syria's Ruins, a Drug Empire Flourishes"

In Syrien floriere die Drogenindustrie, stellen Ben Hubbard und Hwaida Saad fest. "Built on the ashes of 10 years of war in Syria, an illegal drug industry run by powerful associates and relatives of President Bashar al-Assad has grown into a multibillion-dollar operation, eclipsing Syria's legal exports and turning the country into the world's newest narcostate. Its flagship product is captagon, an illegal, addictive amphetamine popular in Saudi Arabia and other Arab states. Its operations stretch across Syria, including workshops that manufacture the pills, packing plants where they are concealed for export and smuggling networks to spirit them to markets abroad."

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"Palestinian Who Stabbed Israeli in East Jerusalem Is Killed by Police"

Ein Palästinenser sei in Jerusalem am Samstag von israelischen Polizeibeamten erschossen worden, nachdem er mit einem Messer einen israelischen Zivilisten angegriffen haben soll, beobachtet Patrick Kingsley. "The knife attack was at least the fifth in Jerusalem since the start of September, reviving memories of 2015-16, when scores of Israelis were stabbed by Palestinians in what some called the 'knife intifada,' a reference to earlier Palestinian uprisings against Israeli occupation. (…) The nature of the assailant's death on Saturday led to accusations that the Israeli police had killed him after he was felled and incapacitated."

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"Putin and West Spar Over NATO's Military Ties to Ukraine"

Russlands Präsident Wladimir Putin habe die NATO aufgefordert, ihr Bündnisgebiet nicht weiter nach Osten auszuweiten, schreibt Anton Troianovski. "President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia demanded 'legal guarantees' on Wednesday that the NATO alliance would never expand eastward, ratcheting up the stakes as the West scrambled to respond to Russia's military buildup near Ukraine. (…) Mr. Putin's demand is a nonstarter for NATO, whose officials say they are committed to allowing every country to pick its alliances for itself. (…) In his speech on Wednesday, Mr. Putin denied that Russia was threatening Ukraine. Rather, he said, Russia was simply taking 'adequate military and technical measures' to respond to growing NATO activity in and around Ukraine, near Russian borders."

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"Dozens of Former Afghan Security Forces Dead or Missing Under Taliban, Report Says"

Seit der Machtübernahme der Taliban seien der Menschenrechtsorganisation Human Rights Watch zufolge in vier Provinzen Afghanistans über einhundert ehemalige afghanische Sicherheitskräfte von den Taliban getötet worden oder verschwunden, bemerkt Sharif Hassan. "In a report released on Tuesday, Human Rights Watch detailed the killing and forced disappearance of 47 members of the former government's security forces who had either surrendered to the Taliban or were detained by them between Aug. 15 and Oct. 31 in four of the countries 34 provinces: Ghazni, Helmand, Kandahar, and Kunduz. The group's research indicates that the Taliban are responsible for the deaths or disappearances of at least another 53 former security force members in the same provinces."

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"Israel and Iran Broaden Cyberwar to Attack Civilian Targets"

Zivilistinnen und Zivilisten seien in den vergangenen Wochen vermehrt zum Ziel iranischer und israelischer Cyberangriffe geworden, beobachten Ronen Bergman und Farnaz Fassihi. "For years, Israel and Iran have engaged in a covert war, by land, sea, air and computer, but the targets have usually been military or government related. Now, the cyberwar has widened to target civilians on a large scale. In recent weeks, a cyberattack on Iran's nationwide fuel distribution system paralyzed the country's 4,300 gas stations, which took 12 days to have service fully restored. That attack was attributed to Israel by two U.S. defense officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss confidential intelligence assessments. It was followed days later by cyberattacks in Israel against a major medical facility and a popular L.G.B.T.Q. dating site, attacks Israeli officials have attributed to Iran."

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"Protests Rock Solomon Islands: Here's What's Behind the Unrest"

Yan Zhuang erklärt die Hintergründe der Ausschreitungen auf den Salomonen: "Many of the protesters had traveled from the island of Malaita to Guadalcanal Island, which houses the nation's capital, according to officials and local news reports. Experts say discontent has simmered for decades between the two islands, mainly over a perceived unequal distribution of resources and a lack of economic support that has left Malaita one of the least-developed provinces in the island nation. There has also been lingering dissatisfaction in Malaita over the central government's decision in 2019 to switch diplomatic allegiances to Beijing from Taipei, Taiwan, a self-governing island that China claims as its territory."

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"How Fake News on Facebook Helped Fuel a Border Crisis in Europe"

Soziale Medien hätten zu einer Verschärfung der Situation an der belarussisch-polnischen Grenze beigetragen, konstatieren Jane Arraf, Andrew Higgins und Adam Satariano. "The Belarusian authorities certainly have helped stoke the crisis, offering easy tourist visas to thousands of Iraqis and easing their way to the border with Poland. But social media, particularly Facebook, also have given Mr. Lukashenko a vital assist, as an unpredictable accelerant to the hopes and illusions of people who have fallen prey to the empty promises of profiteers and charlatans on the internet. (…) Since July, activity on Facebook in Arabic and Kurdish related to migration to the E.U. through Belarus has been 'skyrocketing,' said Monika Richter, head of research and analysis for Semantic Visions, an intelligence firm that tracked social media activity related to the crisis."

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"As Hopes for Nuclear Deal Fade, Iran Rebuilds and Risks Grow"

Es gebe Anzeichen dafür, dass Iran nicht zur Nuklearvereinbarung von 2015 zurückkehren wird, analysieren Steven Erlanger, Farnaz Fassihi, Lara Jakes und David Sanger. "It is a sign of the changed mood that Ali Bagheri Kani, Iran's newly appointed chief nuclear negotiator, does not refer to the upcoming talks as nuclear negotiations at all. Mr. Bagheri Kani, a deputy foreign minister, said in Paris last week that 'we have no such thing as nuclear negotiations.' Instead, he refers to them as 'negotiations to remove unlawful and inhuman sanctions.' (…) Iran, as always, denies that it has any intention of ever building a nuclear weapon. But the more likely scenario is that it wants a 'threshold capability' - one that would leave it able to produce a weapon in weeks or months, if it felt the need."

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"How the U.S. Hid an Airstrike That Killed Dozens of Civilians in Syria"

Das US-Militär habe verheimlicht, dass bei einem 2019 im ostsyrischen Baghus durchgeführten Luftangriff mutmaßlich Dutzende Zivilistinnen und Zivilisten getötet wurden, schreiben Dave Philipps und Eric Schmitt. "The Baghuz strike was one of the largest civilian casualty incidents of the war against the Islamic State, but it has never been publicly acknowledged by the U.S. military. The details, reported here for the first time, show that the death toll was almost immediately apparent to military officials. A legal officer flagged the strike as a possible war crime that required an investigation. But at nearly every step, the military made moves that concealed the catastrophic strike. The death toll was downplayed. Reports were delayed, sanitized and classified. United States-led coalition forces bulldozed the blast site. And top leaders were not notified."

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"Palestinian Diplomats Targeted by Israeli Spyware, Official Says"

Nach Angaben eines hochrangigen palästinensischen Beamten sollen die Telefone von drei palästinensischen Diplomaten mithilfe der von dem israelischen Unternehmen NSO Group entwickelten Spionagesoftware "Pegasus" gehackt worden seien, erläutern Patrick Kingsley und Rawan Sheikh Ahmad. "The accusation, which has not been verified by independent hacking experts, has amplified recent scrutiny of NSO, a surveillance company recently blacklisted by the Biden administration for having supplied spyware to governments that use it to hack the phones of activists, journalists and lawyers. The accusation has also raised further questions about whether the Israeli government is using the company's Pegasus spyware itself. The Palestinian official, Ahmed al-Deek, an assistant foreign minister, accused Israel of having used Pegasus to hack the phones of three senior Palestinian diplomats."

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"Why Is Ethiopia at War With Itself?"

Abdi Latif Dahir und Declan Walsh skizzieren die Hintergründe des andauernden Konflikts in Äthiopien: "A former intelligence officer, Mr. Abiy [the Prime Minister of Ethiopia] had once been part of the T.P.L.F. [Tigray People's Liberation Front]-dominated government. But after he took office in 2018, he set about draining the group of its power and influence in Ethiopia, infuriating the Tigrayan leadership. (…) A year ago, T.P.L.F. forces attacked a federal military base in Tigray and tried to steal its weapons. (…) Hours later, Mr. Abiy ordered a military offensive against the Tigrayan leadership and its security forces."

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