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"Netanyahu to join Trump next week to announce 'deal of the century' peace deal for the Middle East"


US-Präsident Trump plant, seinen seit langem erwarteten "Jahrhundert-Deal" zur Lösung des Nahost-Konflikts in dieser Woche vorzustellen. "President Donald Trump is expected to host Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Netanyahu's political rival Benny Gantz at the White House on January 28 to unveil the president's 'Deal of the Century' peace deal for the Middle East. Though the full plan has not been released, the deal reportedly delivers nearly all of Israel's demands in exchange for the possibility of maybe, someday recognizing a Palestinian state. (…) The plan, said one observer on social media, 'gives Israel everything it wants.' 'Palestinians are expected to beg for crumbs,' they added. Vice President Mike Pence announced the White House meeting on Thursday during a visit to Jerusalem."

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"Is war about to break out in the Horn of Africa? Will the West even notice?"


Der Streit zwischen Ägypten, Äthiopien und Sudan um ein Dammprojekt am Nil habe sich in einer Art verschärft, die eine militärische Eskalation nicht mehr undenkbar erscheinen lasse, berichtet Steven A. Cook. "It is not hard to imagine how all this escalates into warfare. We are not dealing with the best militaries in the world, which reduces the margin for error and miscalculation. It is also a potential conflict that involves a number of important American allies against each other. Turkey, a NATO ally, and Qatar, which hosts the largest American military base outside the United States, have aligned themselves with Sudan and by extension with Ethiopia, another American ally. On the other side we have Egypt, a longtime partner of the United States in the Middle East, and Eritrea. The United Arab Emirates, a critical player in the Persian Gulf and beyond, would also likely be involved given its ties to Egypt and Eritrea."

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"American policy totally failed in Syria — let’s be thankful"


Russland habe mit seiner Intervention in Syrien den USA unmissverständlich signalisieren wollen, dass die Ära der von Washington forcierten "Regimewechsel" vorbei sei, schreibt der langjährige Auslandskorrespondent Patrick Lawrence. "In my read, it has been Moscow’s intention for some years to put Washington on notice: The era of regime change is over. Any more of them will meet whatever resistance is necessary to block them. Chronology helps here. Moscow’s first move in this direction followed the American-cultivated coup in Ukraine in February 2014. It was 18 months later that the first Russian bombs dropped on Islamic State militias and other anti–Damascus jihadists who enjoyed U.S. support. I rest my case on this succession of events. And I applaud Washington’s failures in both cases, of course. In Ukraine the U.S. got its coup, but got no further in its effort to draw up to Russia’s western borders. It is now stuck with an intractably corrupt regime in Kiev, an economy on life support from the International Monetary Fund, and responsibility for a lot of pointless suffering. In Syria the result speaks for itself — at least so far."

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"The road to torture: How the CIA’s 'enhanced interrogation techniques' became legal after 9/11"


Salon.com veröffentlicht einen Auszug aus dem Buch "The Convenient Terrorist", in dem die Autoren John Kiriakou und Joseph Hickman die Entwicklung des mittlerweile eingestellten Folterprogramms der CIA am Beispiel des immer noch in Guantanamo gefangenen Abu Zubaydah beschreiben. "The CIA’s torture techniques — 10 in total — increased in severity as one went down the list".

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"The liberal international order: Just who shredded it?"


Stephan Richter hält es für zu einfach, Wladimir Putin für die von vielen beklagte Krise der liberalen Weltordnung verantwortlich zu machen. Er erinnert an die außenpolitischen Entscheidungen der USA, die die liberale Ordnung in den vergangenen Jahren tatsächlich "zerfetzt" hätten. "The truth is that it wasn’t Putin — or even Trump now — as much as George W. Bush and his reckless foreign policy cowboys — remember Cheney, Rumsfeld, Wolfowitz, all names that should live in infamy — who did most of the shredding of that liberal international order. They committed acts of war that were clearly criminal in nature. Their only saving grace was — and is — that they have a U.S. passport. Otherwise, they would all find themselves in the dock at the ICC in The Hague, where indeed they belong. The incredible legal gymnastics that they resorted to cover their tracks as best they could was continued under the Obama Administration, although in a much milder form."

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"Palestinians were disappointed after 'tense' meeting with Jared Kushner, and Trump may abandon peace process: Report"


Ersten Berichten zufolge ist ein Treffen von Trump-Berater Jared Kushner mit palästinensischen Vertretern eher enttäuschend verlaufen. Charlie May schreibt, dass der Versuch von Präsident Trump, eine Lösung des Nahostkonflikts herbeizuführen, ein frühes Ende finden könnte. "'(Kushner) will submit his report to the president and, after it is submitted, Trump will decide if there’s a chance for negotiations or it might be preferable to pull out of peace efforts,' an adviser to Abbas who attended the meeting said. The Palestinians were also disappointed that Kushner would not voice a clear stance on Israeli settlements. 'They sounded like Netanyahu’s advisers and not like fair arbiters,' a senior Palestinian official told Hareetz. After Trump’s meeting with Abbas in early May, the president said there was a 'very good chance' that they struck a peace deal. 'It’s something that, I think, is, frankly, maybe not as difficult as people have thought over the years,' he added."

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"Why Oliver Stone is telling Putin’s story: 'He is not an enemy of the United States'"


Hollywood-Regisseur Oliver Stone hat in Russland über einen längeren Zeitraum mehrere ausführliche Gespräche mit Präsident Putin geführt. Das Ergebnis ist die vierteilige Dokumentation "The Putin Interviews". Im Gespräch mit Salon.com erklärt Stone, warum er Putin nicht für einen "Feind" der USA hält. "Well all stories follow a similar pattern. But he’s a different kind of person. He’s a Russian. His story is a Russian story and it’s about Russian national interests. And he is a son of Russia and he’s devoted to Russia and he is not an enemy of the United States as is often pictured and that’s part of the reason we made this documentary to explain him and explain what his positions are and show you, the viewer, that the United States has not been reporting the full truth. When you hear what he’s saying ... you begin to understand there are two sides to every story."

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"The dangers of U.S. military escalation are fierce, says Cato Institute scholar"


A. Trevor Thrall vom konservativen Cato-Institute warnt vor den Folgen des militärischen Eskalationskurses, der von US-Präsident Trump im Nahen Osten eingeschlagen worden sei. "Supporters of these moves will argue that they are necessary to defeat the Islamic State and Al Qaeda, and to improve the credibility of the United States. But Trump’s sharp escalation of military efforts carries with it a host of serious risks. (...) The question then becomes whether the results outweigh the resentment and radicalization the increased military action creates. General Stanley McChrystal, former commander of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, cast doubt on this when he told a reporter that the United States could not 'kill its way out of Afghanistan.' Worst of all, Trump’s escalation lacks a clear strategic rationale and risks putting the United States on the path to endless war for little gain. (...) At this point the parallels with the American experience in Vietnam are ominous."

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"Terrorism in America? They hate us for our freedom! Terrorism in Russia? They had it coming!"


Danielle Ryan schreibt, dass der Terroranschlag in St. Petersburg in vielen westlichen Kommentaren schnell mit dem russischen Militäreinsatz in Syrien in Verbindung gebracht worden sei. Subtext dieser Beiträge sei, dass Russland den Anschlag durch seine Außenpolitik selbst heraufbeschworen habe. "It’s simple, really: Only Vladimir Putin’s foreign policy can be linked to terrorist blowback — never our own. When Russia began its intervention in Syria in 2015, the governments of the U.K., U.S., France, Germany, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey released a statement claiming that Russian bombs would 'fuel more extremism and radicalization.' (...) What of the Western bombs, then? Have they not 'fueled more extremism and radicalization,' too? Did ISIS rise out of the ashes in Iraq because years of Western bombing and ground warfare had produced serenity and calm? If, God forbid, some crazed lunatic takes the lives of Americans in a new terror attack, will we immediately link it to the killing of 200 civilians by an American airstrike in Iraq last month? Will we link it to the fact that, according to one human rights group, the U.S.-led coalition in Syria killed more civilians in that country last month than Russia did?"

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"Egypt goes from bad to worse: Under President Sisi, the nation longs for the good old days of Mubarak"


Anlässlich des USA-Besuchs des ägyptischen Präsidenten Sisi konstatiert Steven A. Cook, dass sich das tägliche Leben für viele Ägypter im Vergleich zur Mubarak-Diktatur spürbar verschlechtert habe. "To be fair, Sisi has only been in power for a fraction of Mubarak’s long tenure, and has undertaken some highly touted (mostly by the Egyptian government) economic reforms that may produce positive results. But in the meantime, Egyptians are certainly poorer than they were during the latter part of the Mubarak era. (...) Like Sisi, Mubarak jailed his political opponents, intimidated journalists, abused bloggers, crammed the political arena with fake nongovernmental organizations and enjoyed the indulgence of a rubber-stamp parliament. But it was easier to express oneself in Egypt in the 1990s and 2000s than it is today. (...) Values were never part of the American approach to Egypt, with the exception of brief moments during the presidencies of George W. Bush and Obama. But at least American presidents could make the argument that close ties with Egypt made sense, in part because Egypt was stable and shared Washington’s interests. Only if one defines U.S. interests solely in terms of annihilating extremists, as the Trump administration does, does this still hold true today."

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"Should the U.S. maintain its alliance with Saudi Arabia? Unfortunately, we’re stuck with them"


Das Bündnis der USA mit Saudi-Arabien wird in vielen US-Medien zunehmend kritisch beurteilt. Steven A. Cook hält die Fortführung der Allianz für nötig, da Saudi-Arabien ohne amerikanischen Einfluss noch mehr "Chaos" im Nahen Osten verbreiten würde. "It is not that the U.S. shouldn’t walk away from Saudi Arabia because it is a major oil producer and a partner in the fight against terrorism, or because the bilateral relationship has benefited Washington. The larger issue is that if Saudi Arabia is left to its own devices, it will sow more chaos in the Middle East. That is something no one needs."

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"Russia has deployed missile in violation of treaty"


Die US-Regierung hat Russland bereits vor drei Jahren vorgeworfen, mit der Entwicklung atomarer Mittelstreckenraketen gegen den INF-Vertrag von 1987 zu verstoßen. US-Geheimdienstangaben zufolge ist eine Rakete angeblich seit Ende letzten Jahres einsatzbereit. "The Obama administration three years ago accused the Russians of violating the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty by developing and testing the prohibited cruise missile, and officials had anticipated that Moscow eventually would deploy it. Russia denies that it has violated the INF treaty. U.S. intelligence agencies have assessed that the missile became operational late last year, said an administration official, who wasn’t authorized to publicly discuss the matter and demanded anonymity. (...) John Tierney, executive director of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, said strategic stability on the European continent is at stake. 'If true, Russia’s deployment of an illegal ground-launched cruise missile represents a very troubling development and should be roundly condemned,' Tierney said."

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"Alternative facts in the Middle East: Obama has left Trump a disaster in Afghanistan"


In Afghanistan habe Barack Obama seinem Amtsnachfolger Donald Trump ein denkbar schweres Erbe hinterlassen, schreibt Bob Hennelly. Viele Experten seien zu der nüchternen Schlussfolgerung gelangt, dass die USA dabei seien, den Krieg gegen die Taliban zu verlieren. Es bleibe abzuwarten, ob Trump den bisherigen Kurs einfach fortsetzen oder eine alternative Strategie verfolgen wolle. "Based on Trump’s remarks, that charge could be back into Iraq, where the president lamented that the U.S. initially erred because we 'should have kept the oil.' He appeared to leave the possibility open: 'Maybe we’ll have another chance.' (...) 'What this may signal,' [Adil Najam, dean of Boston University’s Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies,] believes, 'is a more transactional approach' to countries like Iraq and Afghanistan. 'Trump in essence is saying, if you want our security what do we get for it? Under Bush, the approach was that we were giving Iraq democracy [and] not taking their oil,' whereas the current president will try to demonstrate that he can strike a better 'deal' with Iraq. Doing so with Afghanistan may be more difficult."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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