US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"Why Colombia's Peace Process Was Destined To Self-Destruct"

Der kolumbianische Kolumnist Saúl Hernández ist von der Krise des Friedensprozesses in Kolumbien nicht überrascht. Viele Beobachter hätten der Farc-Guerilla von Beginn an nicht vertraut. "(...) here in Colombia we'd all seen the flaws in the peace deal that the previous president, Juan Manuel Santos, negotiated and that many FARC guerrillas have ignored so they could pursue their criminal endeavors. In fact, long before the fake peace was signed there were reports of FARC fighters simply changing their armbands to inflate the ELN (National Liberation Army), Colombia's other leftist insurgent army. Others abandoned the process to pursue illicit enterprises like drug trafficking or illegal mining, and many more simply kept their weapons, forming a strategic rearguard. It was a Plan B, in case they found in time that it would be very difficult to take the FARC to power by political means. (...) Colombians are not fooled though, in spite of it all. In various polls people said they did not believe in the FARC's desire for peace, because the guerrillas had always shown that they were neither trustworthy nor honorable. Their real leaders are irredeemable bandits, unfit for social reintegration, and their sick minds make them insist on an ideology that has plunged the country into a 'war' as some will call it, and sown corpses across the land."

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"The Hidden War On The Colombian-Venezuelan Border"

In diesem ins Englische übersetzten Beitrag aus der kolumbianischen Zeitung El Espectador erläutern Naryi Vargas und Ariel Ávila die Hintergründe der "chaotischen" Zustände an der Grenze Kolumbiens und Venezuelas. "The crush of migrants trying to flee Venezuela is only part of what makes the border region so chaotic. There's also a dangerous power struggle between guerillas and criminal gangs."

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"Niger, Inside The 'Model' For Preventing Migration Into Europe"

Daniel Howden und Giacomo Zandonini berichten in ihrer Reportage aus Niger über die Maßnahmen zur Reduzierung der Migration nach Europa. "Three-quarters of all African migrants arriving by boat in Italy in recent years transited Niger. As one European ambassador said, 'Niger is now the southern border of Europe.' Federica Mogherini, the closest that the 28-member EU has to a foreign minister, chose Niger for her first trip to Africa in 2015. The visit was seen as a reward for the Niger government’s passage of Law 36 in May that year that effectively made it illegal for foreign nationals to travel north of Agadez. 'We share an interest in managing migration in the best possible way, for both Europe and Africa,' Mogherini said at the time. Since then, she has referred to Niger as the 'model' for how other transit countries should manage migration and the best performer of the five African nations who signed up to the EUPartnership Framework on Migration – the plan that made development aid conditional on cooperation in migration control. Niger is 'an initial success story that we now want to replicate at regional level,' she said in a recent speech."

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"Where Is Europe? The Other World Powers No Longer Even Ask"

Jacques Hubert-Rodier beklagt in diesem Beitrag für die französische Wirtschaftszeitung Les Echos, dass Europa heute als globaler sicherheitspolitischer Akteur praktisch kaum noch wahrgenommen werde. Die EU werde geopolitisch zunehmend in die globale Peripherie gedrängt und erweise sich als unfähig, dem mit einer gemeinsamen Strategie entgegenzutreten. "It’s as if the center of the world had shifted from the West to the East, and as if Europe was nothing more than a peripheral peninsula of Asia, between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. Donald Trump's brutality towards his allies should have initiated a great 'European moment' on issues as essential as the continent’s defense or its unity in the face of Russian aggression in Europe and Syria. We're miles away from that. (...) Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the world has entered a new phase. The American president can meet a North Korean dictator at a summit for the first time since the Panmunjeom armistice of 1953, or call for Russia's return in a new G8. Or he can still agree on international trade with Beijing behind the backs of Europeans. China can advance its pawns in Africa. And always, Europe is nowhere to be seen."

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"Inside France's Secret War Against Jihadists Of Mali"

Didier François wirft in seiner Reportage für die Zeitung Le Figaro ein Schlaglicht auf die weitgehend unsichtbaren Operationen französischer Spezialeinheiten gegen Dschihadisten in Mali. "(...) In this massive land corridor the commandos have had to become like the French corsairs of old. They must be swifter and more resounding than the pirates they stalk. They must subject them to constant pressure, preempt their actions and confine the adversaries to their hideouts. To this end, they're organized into search parties, moving around for weeks on end the way Britain's SAS (Special Air Service) soldiers used to harass the German Afrikakorps in World War II. Their vehicles drive off road, and at night, the commandos camp, but always on high alert. Their objective is to locate the enemy and guide French troops toward a final assault or decisive intervention to catch or neutralize a Jihadi captain, chieftain or bombmaker."

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"Kosovo's Path From Secular Nation To Europe's Jihadist Stronghold"

Kosovo könne heute mit einiger Berechtigung als Hochburg radikaler Islamisten in Europa bezeichnet werden, schreibt Krsto Lazarević. Diese Entwicklung habe mit dem Bosnienkrieg in den 1990er Jahren und der saudi-arabischen Förderung salafistischer Prediger begonnen. "Salafist teachings are spreading less in Pristina than in villages and small towns in regions forgotten by the international community and the Kosovar government. Researchers attribute the spread of radical Islam in rural regions to youth unemployment of up to 60% and to extreme poverty. People barely trust the state, and the extremists address their material and religious needs. (...) Visar Duriqi, an imam and journalist, believes the wave of radicalization can only be stopped within Kosovo's Muslim communities. In his opinion, the state, society and the international community, on which Kosovo depends, should support moderate imams. They should also tackle the many problems plaguing the region, such as extreme poverty, corruption, unemployment, a lack of justice and democratic inequality."

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"Brexit And The Falklands: Isolated UK Is Opportunity For Argentina"

Angesichts der durch den Brexit drohenden Isolation Großbritanniens sollte die argentinische Regierung nach Ansicht des Politikwissenschaftlers Juan Gabriel Tokatlian versuchen, ihre Falkland-Politik neu auszurichten. "Discussing the Falklands has become hard in Argentina. The Left fears it may fuel militarism. The conservatives want to put the armed forces to work fighting drug trafficking. Few people are interested in reviewing the links between foreign policy and defense, while the state's most recent purchases of military hardware have been cautious, and defensive. But whatever course it takes, the government in Buenos Aires must urgently formulate a new, post-Brexit policy on the Falklands."

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"Al-Qaeda’s New Strategy To Eclipse ISIS Begins In Egypt"

Die Al-Qaida-Führung sei der Überzeugung, dass sich die rivalisierende Terrormiliz Islamischer Staat gegenwärtig in einer existenziellen Krise befinde, schreibt Giordano Stabile in der italienischen Zeitung La Stampa. Diese Schwäche soll offenbar genutzt werden, um IS-Anhänger zum Überlaufen zu bewegen. Beginnen soll dieser neue Feldzug in Ägypten. "Al-Qaeda leadership throughout the Arab world is convinced Baghdadi’s caliphate is engulfed in an existential crisis, seeing an opportunity to entice the group’s members into switching sides. (...) In the minds of al-Qaeda’s leaders, the Sinai represents the entryway to their ultimate goal of conquering Jerusalem. As Zawahiri and Belmokhtar accelerate their propaganda war to recruit new members, the peninsula could also become the newest battlefield in a wider battle with the Islamic State to settle once and for all which is the region’s most powerful terrorist organization."

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"In Afghanistan, A Rush To Recruit Before NATO Withdraws"

Die Taliban haben bei ihrer diesjährigen Frühjahrsoffensive neue Angriffe gegen Kunduz im Norden Afghanistans eingeleitet. Die italienische Zeitung La Stampa berichtet, dass deutsche Bundeswehrsoldaten vor Ort den Befehl erhalten hätten, das afghanische Militär im Kampf zu unterstützen. "'The order was given last night,' says Colonel Wolfgang Köhler, a leader with the NATO Northern Command Mission in Afghanistan. Köhler and other officers here at Camp Shaheen, where the Afghan National Army operates, are trying to make sense of the offensive. The Taliban's focus on Kunduz is an unpredictable choice, implying perhaps a change of strategy since northern Afghanistan has always been among the districts least affected by Mullah Omar’s guerrillas. (...) Camp Shaheen, near the borders with Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, is one of the training centers for the Afghan army, national police and local police. The plan, as its stands now, is for those forces to go it alone starting at the end of 2016."

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"Ukraine On The Brink: What Europe Must Do"

Die französische Le Monde zweifelt in ihrem Leitartikel an der Effektivität möglicher europäischer Sanktionen gegen die ukrainische Regierung. Wichtiger sei ein geeintes Auftreten der europäischen Regierungen in der Krise. "The cacophony of reactions from the European capitals following last night's events is a disgrace. The question is not to make promises we cannot keep. It is to use all the means of pressure at our disposal to reaffirm, with power and unity, the core values of the Union. Indeed, those are the very same values for which thousands of Ukrainians have been fighting for the past three months."

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Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

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Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

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