US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Wall Street Journal


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"Iran Navy Port Emerges as Key to Alleged Weapons Smuggling to Yemen, U.N. Report Says"

Laut einem unveröffentlichten Bericht der Vereinten Nationen stammten mutmaßlich tausende Waffen, die von der US-Marine in den letzten Monaten auf dem Weg zu den Huthis im Jemen im Arabischen Meer beschlagnahmt worden sein sollen, aus dem Hafen Jask im Südosten Irans, erläutern Benoit Faucon und Dion Nissenbaum. "Iran has diplomatically supported the Houthis in their conflict in Yemen and abroad against targets in Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea, but has long denied providing the group with arms. (…) U.S. officials said Jask has been used as a departure point for Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps for some time, but the U.N. report provides the first detailed evidence about specific arms shipments tied to the port."

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"United Arab Emirates Threatens to Pull Out of $23 Billion F-35, Drone Deal With U.S."

Die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate hätten Washington gedroht, einen Kauf von in den USA hergestellten Rüstungsgütern im Gesamtwert von 23 Milliarden US-Dollar zurückzuziehen, berichten Gordon Lubold und Warren Strobel. "The United Arab Emirates is threatening to pull out of a multibillion-dollar deal to buy American-made F-35 aircraft, Reaper drones and other advanced munitions, U.S. officials said, in what would be a significant shake-up between two longtime partners increasingly at odds over China's role in the Gulf. The Emirati government told U.S. officials that it intended to halt the deal because Abu Dhabi thought security requirements the U.S. had laid out to safeguard the high-tech weaponry from Chinese espionage were too onerous, and the country's national sovereignty was in jeopardy, officials said."

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"Advanced Maneuver in China Hypersonic Missile Test Shows New Military Capability"

Beim Test eines Hyperschall-Raketensystems durch China soll während des Fluges erfolgreich ein Projektil abgefeuert worden sein, schreiben Gordon Lubold und Nancy Youssef. "A hypersonic missile test China carried out last summer involved a sophisticated maneuver in which a projectile was fired from the system during the flight, according to U.S. officials, in a sign that the Chinese program is more advanced than previously known. The hypersonic test, which was earlier reported this fall, and the advanced capabilities of the Chinese missile, show the pace at which the Chinese are developing advanced weaponry that is outpacing American technology."

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"U.S. Troops Have Been Deployed in Taiwan for at Least a Year"

US-Truppen würden seit mindestens einem Jahr taiwanische Soldaten ausbilden, stellt Gordon Lubold fest. "About two dozen members of U.S. special-operations and support troops are conducting training for small units of Taiwan's ground forces, the [U.S.] officials said. The U.S. Marines are working with local maritime forces on small-boat training."

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"U.S. Carries Out Airstrike to Prevent Kabul Airport Attack"

Das US-Militär habe in Kabul einen Drohnenangriff auf mutmaßliche Selbstmordattentäter durchgeführt, beobachten Sune Engel Rasmussen, Jalaluddin Nazari und Nancy Youssef. "A U.S. drone struck a vehicle packed with explosives in a residential area of Kabul on Sunday, preventing an imminent attack on the city's airport, the Pentagon said, as the massive international airlift out of Afghanistan entered its final hours. The vehicle contained multiple suicide bombers affiliated with Islamic State who intended to strike the airport, possibly targeting U.S. troops, a defense official said."

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"Biden Says U.S. Will Respond to Kabul Attacks; 'We Will Hunt You Down'"

US-Präsident Joe Biden habe den Drahtziehern des jüngsten Anschlags in Kabul mit Vergeltung gedroht, bemerken Siobhan Hughes, Alex Leary und Andrew Restuccia. "'We will not forgive. We will not forget. We will hunt you down and make you pay,' Mr. Biden said during remarks Thursday evening at the White House as an already fraught humanitarian and political crisis worsened. (…) The president said he had instructed his military commanders to develop response plans to the attack, including initiatives to strike assets, leadership and facilities of ISIS-K, the Afghan affiliate of Islamic State, to which the Pentagon attributed Thursday's deadly explosions."

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"Taliban Crack Down on Protests, Hamper Kabul Evacuations"

Bei Protesten gegen die Machtübernahme der Taliban in Afghanistan seien zwei Personen getötet worden, schreiben Gordon Lubold, William Mauldin und Yaroslav Trofimov. "The Taliban used gunfire Wednesday to disperse nascent protests against their rule in Afghanistan, killing two people and injuring several more, and continued to block access to Kabul's international airport after the U.S. said the group had agreed to allow evacuations. The use of violence against protesters in the eastern Afghan cities of Jalalabad, Khost and Asadabad clashed with the promise of inclusive governance and general amnesty that the Taliban have attempted to project since seizing the Afghan capital on Sunday."

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"U.S. Officials in Germany Hit by Havana Syndrome"

Mindestens zwei US-Diplomaten, die in Deutschland eingesetzt seien, zeigten Symptome des sogenannten "Havanna-Syndroms", erläutert Bojan Pancevski. "The symptoms, which included nausea, severe headaches, ear pain, fatigue, insomnia and sluggishness, began to emerge in recent months and some victims were left unable to work, according to the diplomats. (…) The set of symptoms first surfaced in 2016 among U.S. diplomats in Cuba and have since been observed in China, Russia and, more recently, in Austria, a neutral nation. (…) Some U.S. officials have said the complaints could be caused by attacks using radio-frequency energy such as microwave radiation."

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"U.S. Combat Role in Iraq to End This Year, Biden Says"

US-Präsident Joe Biden habe angekündigt, den Kampfeinsatz der Vereinigten Staaten im Irak bis zum Jahresende zu beenden, erläutern Michael Gordon und Ken Thomas. "'We are not going to be, by the end of the year, in a combat mission,' Mr. Biden said Monday at the start of a White House meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi. The president said U.S. military forces would 'be available to continue to train, to assist, to help and to deal with ISIS.'"

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"U.S. Sanctions Cuba Over Protest Crackdown"

US-Präsident Joe Biden habe neue Sanktionen gegen Kuba verhängt, erläutern Santiago Pérez und Ian Talley. "The Biden administration imposed new sanctions against a top Cuban military official and a special police unit on Thursday and warned of more sanctions ahead, accusing the government and its agents of violence, repression and human-rights violations against peaceful protesters. (…) 'This is just the beginning - the United States will continue to sanction individuals responsible for oppression of the Cuban people,' President Biden said in a statement issued Thursday."

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"U.S. Weighs New Sanctions on Iran's Oil Sales to China if Nuclear Talks Fail"

Die USA erwögen eine Verschärfung der Sanktionen gegen iranische Ölverkäufe an China, bemerken Benoit Faucon und Ian Talley. "U.S. negotiators have been working with European and other international partners in Vienna since April to revive the 2015 deal that limits Iran's nuclear program in exchange for an easing of broad sanctions. As those talks falter, the U.S. is running through options intended to induce Iran to keep negotiating or punish it if it doesn't, according to U.S. officials and people familiar with the matter. One plan being drafted would choke off Iran's swelling crude-oil sales to China, the country's main client, through fresh sanctions targeting the shipping networks that help export an estimated one million barrels a day and bring critical revenue to Iran, the officials said. The new steps would take place if nuclear talks fail, the officials said."

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"Killing of Haiti's President Risks New Gang Violence in Caribbean Nation"

Kejal Vyas beleuchtet die Entwicklung und Aktivitäten krimineller Banden in Haiti: "Gangs have long been a fact of life in Haiti, but their influence expanded sharply in the wake of the devastating 2010 earthquake, with gang leaders portraying themselves as more effective in meeting people's needs than government institutions. (…) Gangs mostly make their money through kidnappings and extortion, charging communities and street vendors commissions in exchange for leaving them alone, people who know the gangs say. The more territory they hold, the more they earn."

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"China Targets Another Region in Ethnic Assimilation Campaign: Tibet"

Jonathan Cheng, Liza Lin und Eva Xiao beschreiben den Umgang Pekings mit der Bevölkerung Tibets: "Mr. Xi has made it a national priority to forge a single Chinese identity in the name of unity - one centered around the Han Chinese majority and loyalty to the Communist Party. The government's campaign is known in the West primarily through its efforts to assimilate Uyghurs and other mostly Muslim minority groups in the northwest region of Xinjiang. Under the radar, China's population of 6.3 million Tibetans has become a primary target. Beijing has placed new restrictions on Tibetan religion, education and language, while increasing its ability to keep constant watch over individuals."

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"Afghan Government Could Collapse Six Months After U.S. Withdrawal, New Intelligence Assessment Says"

Nach Einschätzung der US-Geheimdienste könnte die afghanische Regierung bereits sechs Monate nach dem Abzug der amerikanischen Truppen zusammenbrechen, bemerken Gordon Lubold und Yaroslav Trofimov. "American intelligence agencies revised their previously more optimistic estimates as the Taliban swept through northern Afghanistan last week, seizing dozens of districts and surrounding major cities. Afghan security forces frequently surrendered without a fight, leaving their Humvees and other American-supplied equipment to the insurgents. The new assessment of the overall U.S. intelligence community, which hasn't been previously reported, has now aligned more closely with the analysis that had been generated by the U.S. military."

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"U.S. Military to Withdraw Hundreds of Troops, Aircraft, Antimissile Batteries From Middle East"

Die Biden-Administration wolle die Zahl US-amerikanischer Raketenabwehrsysteme im Nahen Osten stark reduzieren, schreiben Michael Gordon, Gordon Lubold und Nancy Youssef. "The Pentagon is pulling approximately eight Patriot antimissile batteries from countries including Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan and Saudi Arabia, according to officials. Another antimissile system known as a Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, or Thaad system, is being withdrawn from Saudi Arabia, and jet fighter squadrons assigned to the region are being reduced, those officials said. (…) As the war in Afghanistan winds down, ending two decades of counterinsurgency as a chief driver of U.S. troop and weapons deployments, the Biden administration wants to bulk up forces directed at countering China, its chief rival in a national security landscape now defined by competition between the major powers."

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"Armed Low-Cost Drones, Made by Turkey, Reshape Battlefields and Geopolitics"

Die kostengünstige Produktion von Drohnen beeinflusse das strategische Gleichgewicht in bewaffneten Konflikten, erläutern Brett Forrest und James Marson. "Smaller militaries around the world are deploying inexpensive missile-equipped drones against armored enemies, a new battlefield tactic that proved successful last year in regional conflicts, shifting the strategic balance around Turkey and Russia. Drones built in Turkey with affordable digital technology wrecked tanks and other armored vehicles, as well as air-defense systems, of Russian protégés in battles waged in Syria, Libya and Azerbaijan. These drones point to future warfare being shaped as much by cheap but effective fighting vehicles as expensive ones with the most advanced technology."

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"Drone Attacks Iraq Airport Housing U.S. Troops"

Im nordirakischen Erbil sei ein Anschlag auf einen US-Luftwaffenstützpunkt verübt worden, schreiben Ghassan Adnan und Jared Malsin. "No casualties were reported in the attack on the airport in Erbil, which doubles as a base for U.S. troops, according to the interior ministry of the Kurdistan Regional Government and the U.S.-led military coalition in Iraq. The attack on the military section of the airport was carried out by a drone carrying explosives, according to a statement from the interior ministry. (…) No one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack."

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"Ukraine to Nationalize Defense Firm, Keeping China Out in a Nod to U.S."

Der Nationale Sicherheitsrat der Ukraine plane die Verstaatlichung von Motor Sich, einem Luft- und Raumfahrtunternehmen, bemerken Brett Forrest und Alan Cullsion. Damit werde die Übernahme der Firma durch China verhindert. "The nationalization of Motor Sich shows that Ukraine 'stands with the U.S. even at considerable cost,' said Anders Aslund, a Swedish economist and senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, a think tank in Washington. 'This was an excellent step that the U.S. should greatly appreciate.' (...) In January, Motor Sich, signed an $800 million contract with Aviation Industry Corporation of China, a supplier to the Chinese People's Liberation Army, to build engines for its JL-10 trainer jet fighter."

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"South Korea to Pay U.S. More Under New Troop Cost-Sharing Agreement"

Nach langen Verhandlungen hätten sich Südkorea und die Vereinigten Staaten kürzlich auf eine Aufteilung der Kosten für die Stationierung von US-Truppen auf der koreanischen Halbinsel geeinigt, erläutert Michael Gordon. Nun seien weitere Details des Abkommens öffentlich geworden: "South Korea will pay the U.S. more than $7 billion over six years (…), a State Department official said. (…) The agreement will cover about 44% of U.S. costs on the peninsula. The cash is used to pay the salaries of Koreans working on U.S. bases, construction costs on American installations, and logistics fees. (…) South Korea's parliament still needs to approve the agreement, but its endorsement is expected."

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"U.S. Warns Iraq It Is Preparing to Shut Down Baghdad Embassy"

Die US-Regierung hat einen Rückzug aus der Botschaft in Bagdad angedroht, sollte es der irakischen Regierung nicht gelingen, die Raketenangriffe durch schiitische Milizen zu stoppen. "The U.S. ambassador to Iraq, Matthew Tueller, told Iraq’s foreign minister, Fuad Hussein, the policy decision had been directed by President Trump and that the two countries had entered a new era in their relations, they added. (…) 'What we’re being told is that it is a gradual closure of the embassy over two to three months,' said an Iraqi official, who added that it might be coupled with the withdrawal of American troops in the country. Such a gradual withdrawal would give Washington time to reverse the move should Iraqi authorities take decisive action to protect U.S. facilities, the Iraqi official added, despite the risks of inflaming tensions with Iran and the Iraqi militias backed by the Islamic Republic. American officials have warned that if the embassy was to be shut down, the U.S. military would strike the Shiite militias that have been responsible for attacks against U.S. interests, according to U.S. officials and Iraq media reports on the warnings."

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"Amid Signs of a Thaw in North Korea, Tensions Bubble Up"

Während Nord- und Südkorea neue Gespräche führen, werden im Weißen Haus Gerald F. Seib zufolge weiterhin Überlegungen über einen überraschenden und begrenzten Militärschlag gegen Nordkorea angestellt. "U.S. officials are quietly debating whether it’s possible to mount a limited military strike against North Korean sites without igniting an all-out war on the Korean Peninsula. The idea is known as the 'bloody nose' strategy: React to some nuclear or missile test with a targeted strike against a North Korean facility to bloody Pyongyang’s nose and illustrate the high price the regime could pay for its behavior. The hope would be to make that point without inciting a full-bore reprisal by North Korea. It’s an enormously risky idea, and there is a debate among Trump administration officials about whether it is feasible."

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"Europe’s Next Crisis: The Balkans"

Walter Russell Mead warnt vor einer zunehmenden russischen und türkischen Einflussnahme in den Ländern des Westbalkans. Insbesondere Deutschland sollte sich nach Ansicht von Mead bemühen, die USA wieder stärker bei der regionalen Stabilisierung einzubeziehen. "Serbs and Albanians are both signaling that if the West walks away, they will have to look east, and that will mean shifting to a nationalist agenda with Russian and Turkish help. (...) But the EU doesn’t think it can manage the Balkans on its own. The U.S. will have to be part of the solution, Germans say. Will the U.S. play ball? Engaging in distant Balkan quarrels to make Germany’s life easier isn’t exactly Donald Trump’s idea of smart foreign policy. (...) The old appeals — to NATO solidarity, defense of freedom, fear of Russia — may not be enough. Mr. Trump thinks in terms of deals, and Berlin needs to think about how to bring him to the table."

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