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"The Covid-19 Pandemic Reveals Ransomware's Long Game"

Untersuchungen von Microsoft haben ergeben, dass kriminelle Ransomware-Gruppen die Coronakrise nutzen, um Krankenhäuser und andere Organisationen in kritischen Bereichen zu erpressen. "'The attackers are definitely being what I’ll call rational economic actors, which unfortunately also means vicious,' says Rob Lefferts, corporate vice president of Microsoft 365 security. 'We see behavior where they will break into organizations and actually lie dormant, both because they’re doing reconnaissance but also because they are apparently estimating what is the moment in time when that organization will be most vulnerable and most likely to pay.' (…) At the beginning of April, Interpol issued a global warning about the threat of ransomware to health care providers. 'As hospitals and medical organizations around the world are working nonstop to preserve the well-being of individuals stricken with the coronavirus, they have become targets for ruthless cybercriminals who are looking to make a profit at the expense of sick patients,' Interpol secretary general Jürgen Stock said in the notification."

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"Covid-19 Is Our 9/11. Who Will Be Our Rudy Giuliani?"

Auch Garrett M. Graff fühlt sich durch die Coronakrise in den USA an 9/11 erinnert und beklagt, dass die heutigen Verantwortlichen nicht genügend Tatkraft an den Tag legten. Als positives Gegenbeispiel nennt er u.a. Bundeskanzlerin Merkel. "The Covid-19 pandemic is a clear opportunity for history-making leadership (…). Yet the scale of the economic and public health calamity seems to dwarf the imagination of most of our nation’s leaders. (…) A few countries overseas, like South Korea and Singapore, have fared well in their response to the crisis, but have done so quietly, with national leadership that has not translated far beyond their borders. Perhaps the strongest example of leadership internationally has come from Germany, where Angela Merkel has been speaking bluntly to her country and setting a good example in her personal behavior. The chancellor, who lives in a modest apartment in Berlin and often does her own shopping, was recently 'spotted' buying wine and a single roll of toilet paper, her own not-so-subtle message to avoid hoarding and panic buying. By the end of last weekend, Merkel found herself in self-isolation after having had contact with a confirmed Covid-19 case."

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"Covid-19 Poses a Heightened Threat in Jails and Prisons"

Der Coronavirus stelle in den USA besonders in überfüllten Gefängnissen und Haftanstalten eine ernste Bedrohung dar, schreibt Emma Grey Ellis. "The steady influx of new people into prisons and especially jails makes an outbreak more difficult to prevent. According to Daniel Lopez Acuña, a public health physician who helped craft the World Health Organization’s guidance for managing Covid-19 outbreaks in prisons, new arrivals are a frequent vector for prison outbreaks. During the 1918 influenza pandemic, a single new prisoner precipitated a mass outbreak in California’s San Quentin prison. (…) On top of the ease of spread, the incarcerated population also includes a large number of at-risk older adults, due to the long sentences that are common in the US justice system. People in prison are also more likely to be in poor health to begin with."

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"How Surveillance Could Save Lives Amid a Public Health Crisis"

Sidney Fussell findet, dass eine verstärkte Überwachung der Bevölkerung in der aktuellen Krise nicht rundheraus abgelehnt werden sollte. "Officials have a powerful potential surveillance tool unavailable in past epidemics: smartphones. Government officials are anxious to tap the information from phones to help monitor and blunt the pandemic. White House officials are asking tech companies for more insight into our social networks and travel patterns. Facebook created a disease mapping tool that tracks the spread of disease by aggregating user travel patterns. Such efforts clash with people’s expectations of privacy. Now, there's a compelling reason to collect and share the data; surveillance may save lives. (…) The rapid spread of the disease has prompted even some traditional defenders of personal privacy to acknowledge the potential benefits of digital tracking. 'Public policy must reflect a balance between collective good and civil liberties in order to protect the health and safety of our society from communicable disease outbreaks,' the Electronic Frontier Foundation wrote in a blog post earlier this month. (…) a disease surveillance database could include lots of people who did nothing other than sit next to an infected person on a flight. It’s deeply troubling, but could become a necessity in urgent times. 'The problem is, I don't actually believe that that’s where the use of the data ends,' [Jake Williams, a cybersecurity expert and former member of the NSA’s hacking unit,] said. 'I would challenge you to find any government surveillance program, for that matter, that hasn't suffered a large number of abuses.'"

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"Mass Panic Is Unlikely, Even During a Pandemic"

Matt Simon schreibt, dass Naturkatastrophen und Pandemien in vielen Hollywood-Filmen in der Bevölkerung regelmäßig Massenpanik auslösen. In der Realität sei ein solches Verhalten nach Ansicht vieler Experten unwahrscheinlich. "While it might be tempting to panic when you think about coronavirus and all it entails — relatives falling ill, running out of food, or just the thought of isolating yourself for weeks on end — you probably won’t. (…) As humanity confronts the coronavirus, we’re not seeing mass panic right now — far from it, really. Around the world, people are engaging in behaviors that are not only decisive but uplifting. (…) Studying the trope of the panicked populace goes back to the fearful days of the Cold War. The federal government paid for researchers to look at how people behave before, during, and after a disaster. 'Their general notion was that people would fly to pieces, that people would panic, they would fight, they would loot,' says Knowles. 'And that society was basically one missile warning away from total chaos. The sociologists found again and again and again and again that that was just completely wrong, that people are mostly pro-social in a disaster and they don't panic. They help each other, they seek out information.' We’re seeing this play out in real time with the coronavirus crisis, as communities come together to develop systems that facilitate solidarity."

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"Dictatorships Are Making the Coronavirus Outbreak Worse"

Die selektive Informationspolitik von autoritären Staaten wie China und Iran habe die globale Ausbreitung des Coronavirus in unverantwortlicher Weise begünstigt, so der Vorwurf von Alex Gladstein. Auch in anderen Fällen habe sich gezeigt, dass Diktaturen eine Gefahr für die öffentliche Gesundheit darstellen. "As a new study from The Economist reveals, dictatorships are bad for public health. The report reviews historical data from the International Disaster Database, covering 40 years of impact from diseases ranging from smallpox to Zika to Ebola. Democracies, their analysis concludes, are 'better than other forms of governments at containing and treating outbreaks … [experiencing] lower mortality rates for epidemic diseases than their non-democratic counterparts.' (…) At first glance, highly centralized dictatorships may seem better equipped to mobilize quickly during an epidemic, since they simply don’t respect the rights or wishes of citizens in their plans. One could view the Chinese Communist Party’s enormous amount of new construction and requisition in their race to build more hospitals, more beds, and more testing facilities as a positive thing. But because of the climate of fear they create in order to survive, tyrannies end up flustering innovation and cooperation, and ultimately treat even well-intentioned criticism as a crime against the state."

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"How AI Is Tracking the Coronavirus Outbreak"

Experten verfolgen die globale Ausbreitung des Coronavirus Will Knight zufolge u.a. mit Hilfe einer KI-Software, die weltweite Informationsquellen nach Hinweisen auf den Virus durchkämmt. "With the coronavirus growing more deadly in China, artificial intelligence researchers are applying machine-learning techniques to social media, web, and other data for subtle signs that the disease may be spreading elsewhere. (…) The program is looking for social media posts that mention specific symptoms, like respiratory problems and fever, from a geographic area where doctors have reported potential cases. Natural language processing is used to parse the text posted on social media, for example, to distinguish between someone discussing the news and someone complaining about how they feel. A company called BlueDot used a similar approach — minus the social media sources — to spot the coronavirus in late December, before Chinese authorities acknowledged the emergency."

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"The Terrifying Science Behind the Locust Plagues of Africa"

Ostafrika wird derzeit von einer massiven Heuschreckenplage heimgesucht, die die Ernte und damit Lebensgrundlagen bedroht. Matt Simon erläutert den wissenschaftlichen Hintergrund des Ausbruchs, der u.a. auch mit dem Krieg in Jemen zusammenhängt. "Yemen, ravaged by war, no longer had the means to deploy the specially trained crews that spray common pesticides that kill the insects in a matter of hours. (It’s too dangerous for farmers and other regular folks to spray the pesticides themselves.) Then, catastrophically, heavy rains hit the country, providing yet more breeding opportunities for the invading locusts. Early last summer, the plague jumped the gulf and landed in Somalia, then continued its march into Ethiopia and Kenya. (…) It’s a menace that may only grow stronger, because locusts will likely be winners on a warming planet. (…) 'If climate change does accelerate aridification and temperature — as it's predicted to do in many areas — it would be very easy to imagine that some locust species could expand their range,' says Overson, of the Global Locust Initiative. 'For the desert locust, this would increase the already daunting geographic area that needs to be monitored.' If these are the end times, Planet Earth certainly isn’t being subtle about it."

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"Mysterious New Ransomware Targets Industrial Control Systems"

Die derzeit größte Bedrohung für digitale Kontrollsysteme industrieller Infrastrukturen gehe offenbar nicht von Nationalstaaten, sondern von Cyberkriminellen aus, schreibt Andy Greenberg. "Over the last month, researchers at security firms including Sentinel One and Dragos have puzzled over a piece of code called Snake or EKANS, which they now believe is specifically designed to target industrial control systems, the software and hardware used in everything from oil refineries to power grids to manufacturing facilities. (…) It's not yet clear if responsibility for the industrial-targeted ransomware lies with state-sponsored hackers (…) or actual cybercriminals seeking to make a profit. But Vitali Kremez, a researcher at Sentinel One who first publicized the discovery of EKANS earlier this month along with a group of researchers known as Malware Hunter Team, argues that industrial control systems make natural targets for ransomware attackers. Like hospitals and governments, they have a disproportionate amount to lose if they go offline. (…) EKANS could signal that industrial hacking tactics are proliferating to common criminals. 'It implies an increasing willingness and ability of non-state actors to significantly impact or impair critical infrastructure entities,' says Slowik. As disturbing as the idea of Iranian hackers waging cyberwar on its neighbors' physical infrastructure may be, the prospect of criminal hackers making a business of breaking those systems for profit may be even worse."

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"The US Is Losing Its Fight Against Huawei"

Trotz jahrelanger Bemühungen der US-Regierung, Großbritannien von einem Boykott Huaweis zu überzeugen, hat sich London für eine Beteiligung des chinesischen IT-Riesen am 5G-Ausbau ausgesprochen. Auch andere Verbündete, darunter Deutschland, suchen Garrett M. Graff zufolge nach Wegen, keine der beiden Supermächte vor den Kopf zu stoßen. "'Our allies aren’t standing with us in the way that we thought,' one senior Trump administration official told me last year while I was reporting on the anti-Huawei campaign. Countries like Germany especially have said they felt stuck between the US and China, unable to afford alienating either economic superpower. (…) the UK’s decision surely shifts the debate in Huawei’s favor. The promise from Ciaran Martin, well-respected head of the UK’s National Cyber Security Center, that the government’s approach “will ensure that the UK has a very strong, practical, and technically sound framework for digital security in the years ahead,” provides calm and cover to other countries wrestling with similar decisions. Italy, for one, appears poised to allow Huawei into at least parts of its network, meaning that the US will almost certainly confront NATO allies whose wireless systems rely at least in part on Chinese technology."

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"Did Twitter Help Stop War With Iran?"

Ein Krieg zwischen den USA und dem Iran ist nach Ansicht von Garrett M. Graff möglicherweise auch durch die regen Twitter-Aktivitäten von US-Präsident Trump und Irans Außenminister Zarif vorerst verhindert worden. "For all the Sturm und Drang about the toxic culture of Twitter, it seems possible that the leaders of both Iran and the United States turned to the social media site Tuesday to help ensure that a tense night in the Middle East didn’t escalate into all-out war. After a week when Twitter seemed to bring out the worst impulses of President Donald Trump’s bombast — including an ill-conceived (and potentially illegal) threat over the weekend to bomb Iranian cultural sites — both Trump and Iran’s English-speaking foreign minister tweeted out Tuesday night that neither wished to escalate tit-for-tat attacks into a true war. Their exchange, what Middle East expert Ilan Goldenberg called 'real time deescalatory twitter,' came in the hours after Iranian rockets targeted Iraqi bases that housed US and allied personnel, apparent retaliation for the US assassination of Iran’s Quds Force leader, General Qasem Soleimani, in a Baghdad airstrike."

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"ISIS Is Now Harder to Track Online — but That's Good News"

Nachdem der "Islamische Staat" nun auch vom Instant-Messaging-Dienst Telegram entfernt worden sei, habe die Terrormiliz ihre letzte leicht zu findende Internetpräsenz verloren, schreibt Rita Katz von der SITE Intelligence Group. Obwohl die Arbeit von Sicherheitsexperten damit erschwert werde, sei dies eine gute Nachricht. "In its earlier days, the group relied on a platforms like Twitter to recruit in broad daylight. As Twitter finally cracked down harder, ISIS switched to Telegram in 2015, where it capitalized on a wealth of new tools and capabilities: channels, chat groups, media archiving, end-to-end encryption. While Twitter served as a place to fish for recruits and pull them into discussions on other platforms, Telegram gave ISIS a one-stop-shop for everything. And while technologies like the Dark Web are often thought of as fitting to the group’s security demands, they are largely useless to its outreach goals. ISIS needs to be where more users already are; otherwise, it’s just talking to itself alone in an empty room. Sure, mine and other terrorism researchers’ jobs just got a lot harder as ISIS bounces between platforms, but it is in many ways proportionate: The harder it is for us to find terrorist hangouts, the harder it is for prospective recruits."

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"Microsoft Is the Surprise Winner of a $10B Pentagon Contract"

Im Wettstreit um einen milliardenschweren Pentagon-Auftrag hat sich Microsoft für viele Experten überraschend gegen Amazon durchgesetzt. "The corporate war to provide cloud computing for US warfighters is over. Late Friday, the Department of Defense announced that Microsoft has won the Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure contract, known as JEDI. The decision was the culmination of a two-year process that also included Google, IBM, and Oracle, and where Amazon was long seen as the favorite. JEDI, potentially worth $10 billion over 10 years, has been positioned by the Pentagon as crucial to modernizing its use of technology — and making the US military more deadly. (…) The contract fomented bruising competition among some of the world’s largest technology companies. Amazon was seen as the favorite because it dominates the cloud computing market, and already had major government contracts, including with the CIA. (…) JEDI has also highlighted the challenges tech companies that are also major consumer brands face when they work with the US government department that specializes in killing people."

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"Trump Takes Aim at a Critical Cold War Treaty With Russia"

US-Präsident Trump erwägt Berichten zufolge, den 1992 von NATO- und ehemaligen Warschauer-Pakt-Staaten unterzeichneten Vertrag über den Offenen Himmel (Open Skies) aufzukündigen. Das vertrauensbildende Abkommen erlaubt den Unterzeichnern, das Territorium anderer Vertragsteilnehmer auf festen Routen mit Beobachtungsflugzeugen zu überfliegen. Garrett M. Graff berichtet, dass der US-Kongressabgeordnete Eliot Engel vor den Folgen eines Austritts der USA gewarnt habe. "'[I] strongly urge you against such a reckless action,' Engel wrote. 'American withdrawal would only benefit Russia and be harmful to our allies’ and partners’ national security interests. ... The US should prepare for the challenge that Russia presents — not abandon mechanisms that provide the US with an important tool in maintaining surveillance on Russia.' While the Trump administration and Capitol Hill allies like senator Tom Cotton, the Republican from Arkansas, have long expressed frustration with the deal, Monday’s movement seemed to blindside foreign policy and arms control experts, who quickly expressed puzzlement and outrage that Trump would unwind what’s been seen as a cornerstone of global defense. (...) If the Trump administration does pull out, the collapse of the Open Skies agreement would be the latest in a series of little noticed but significant moves by the White House to undo the patchwork of arms control agreements that have kept at bay a new nuclear arms race between the two nuclear superpowers."

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"The Wrong Way to Talk About the El Paso Shooter's Manifesto"

Nach Ansicht einiger Extremismus-Forscher sollten die Medien den Botschaften von Massenmördern wie dem Schützen von El Paso nicht zu viel Aufmerksamkeit widmen, schreibt Brian Barrett. "(...) extremism experts advocate for 'strategic silence' rather than a detailed accounting. Report on the manifesto’s existence, sure, and on its role in recruitment. In doing so, though, be sure to think about whom the coverage benefits. 'Do we really need to break down the specifics of the manifesto to understand that the action was motivated by violent hatred,' Phillips asks. 'If you quote the manifesto verbatim, that’s going to frame the conversation in their terms. It’s going to go along with their game. They become the center of the universe, and everyone else revolves around them.' (...) Already there are signs that the media has gotten more savvy. While several news sites have quoted the manifesto verbatim, they have done so in brief snippets. Very few outlets seem to have linked to it directly."

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"How the West Got China's Social Credit System Wrong"

Die westliche Berichterstattung über das chinesische Sozialkreditsystem ist von vielen Missverständnissen und Übertreibungen geprägt, meint Louise Matsakis. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser übertriebenen Darstellungen könne nicht zuletzt das Ausmaß der westlichen Überwachungsmaßnahmen heruntergespielt werden. "With just over a year to go until the government’s self-imposed deadline for establishing the laws and regulations governing social credit, Chinese legal researchers say the system is far from the cutting-edge, Big Brother apparatus portrayed in the West’s popular imagination. 'I really think you would find a much larger percentage of Americans are aware of Chinese social credit than you would find Chinese people are aware of Chinese social credit,' says Jeremy Daum, a senior research fellow at Yale Law School’s Paul Tsai China Center in Beijing. The system as it exists today is more a patchwork of regional pilots and experimental projects, with few indications about what could be implemented at a national scale. (...) Western concerns about what could happen with China’s Social Credit System have in some ways outstripped discussions about what's already really occurring. Critiques are often based on worst-case scenarios far off in the future, and run the risk of minimizing the troubling aspects of the project as it is in place today. The exaggerated portrayals may also help to downplay surveillance efforts in other parts of the world. 'Because China is often held up as the extreme of one end of a spectrum, I think that it moves the goalposts for the whole conversation,' says Daum. 'So that anything less invasive than our imagined version of social credit seems sort of acceptable, because at least we’re not as bad as China.'"

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"The Global Hawk Drone Iran Shot Down Was a $220M Surveillance Monster"

Bei der durch den Iran abgeschossenen US-Drohne vom Typ RQ-4A Global Hawk handle es sich um eine 220 Millionen US-Dollar teure "massive Überwachungsplattform", berichtet Lily Hay Newman. "It's likely, though, that this particular Global Hawk was a typical surveillance workhorse, says [Ulrike Franke, a policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations], and was downed for geopolitical reasons rather than with the specific goal of technological reconnaissance. (...) It's currently unknown at what altitude the drone was flying when it was downed, but if it was in its high-altitude zone it would have been a somewhat difficult target to nab. Still, Franke emphasizes that such an interception is within the bounds of Iran's known capabilities. 'Part of the selling point is Global Hawks fly so high and normally they should be secure from being shot down,' Franke says. 'It’s not incredibly difficult to shoot down a system like that, but it’s comparatively difficult. It shows resolve on the political side.'"

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"US to Russia on Nuke Experiments: Do as We Say, Not as We Do"

Nach dem Vorwurf der US-Regierung, dass Russland "wahrscheinlich" gegen den Kernwaffenteststopp-Vertrag von 1996 verstoße, macht Patrick Malon auf Experimente des US-Militärs aufmerksam, die ebenfalls als Verstoß gegen das Abkommen interpretiert werden könnten. "In a maze of tunnels 900 feet beneath the Nevada desert, US nuclear weapons scientists have since the 1990s been intermittently agitating flecks of plutonium with chemical high explosives, carefully trying to push them to the brink of a chain reaction capable of yielding nuclear force. In a separate network of underground tunnels about 4,800 miles away, in the northern Russian archipelago of Novaya Zemlya in the Arctic Circle, Russia conducts its own such experiments, meant to model the key chemical and physical actions that occur in the run-up to a full-blown nuclear explosion, without actually causing one. (...) Because the experiments are designed to closely simulate such explosions, 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in 2016 called them violations of the 'spirit and letter' of the treaty (...). Washington dismissed that claim, but on May 29, the Trump administration abruptly leveled similar accusations at Russia, when a top intelligence official vaguely accused its scientists of transgressing the test ban treaty by conducting experiments meant to be barred. The irony of the recent charge is that it comes just as the US Energy Department’s National Nuclear Security Administration is about to step up the pace of the country’s complex and costly nuclear simulation experiments, the Center for Public Integrity has learned."

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"The Huawei Case Signals the New US–China Cold War Over Tech"

Der Streit um das chinesische Unternehmen Huawei erinnert Zachary Karabell an den Kalten Krieg, in dem die USA und die Sowjetunion darum wetteiferten, andere Länder mit Panzern und Flugzeugen auszurüsten. Nun gehe es um die Vorherrschaft bei der Gestaltung der technologischen Infrastruktur in Europa, Asien, Lateinamerika und Afrika. "(...) if you are not American or Chinese, it can be difficult to discern how arrangements between the US government and American technology companies differ fundamentally from relationships between the Communist Party and Chinese technology companies. In a world where the two increasingly dominant technology superpowers, China and the US, are jockeying for position globally, other countries and foreign companies see all choices as potentially compromising their own domestic security. Or to put it differently: Who do you want spying on you, the Americans or the Chinese? If it’s going to be both, how do you best protect yourself? In that light, Washington’s fight against Huawei looks less like a clear case of defending against Chinese government espionage and cyber threats. It looks more like a cyber version of a new Cold War, where the United States and China are both attempting to line up proxies and divide the world into technology spheres of influence."

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"Facebook's '10 Year Challenge' Is Just a Harmless Meme — Right?"

Kate O'Neill macht darauf aufmerksam, dass Facebooks aktuelle "10 Year Challenge" genutzt werden könnte, um die Algorithmen von Programmen zur Gesichtserkennung zu "trainieren". "Is it bad that someone could use your Facebook photos to train a facial recognition algorithm? Not necessarily; in a way, it’s inevitable. Still, the broader takeaway here is that we need to approach our interactions with technology mindful of the data we generate and how it can be used at scale. I’ll offer three plausible use cases for facial recognition: one respectable, one mundane, and one risky. The benign scenario: Facial recognition technology, specifically age progression capability, could help with finding missing kids. (...) Facial recognition's potential is mostly mundane: Age recognition is probably most useful for targeted advertising. (...) Like most emerging technology, there's a chance of fraught consequences. Age progression could someday factor into insurance assessment and health care. For example, if you seem to be aging faster than your cohorts, perhaps you’re not a very good insurance risk. You may pay more or be denied coverage. (...) The broader message, removed from the specifics of any one meme or even any one social platform, is that humans are the richest data sources for most of the technology emerging in the world. We should know this, and proceed with due diligence and sophistication."

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"Stunning Photos of Ordinary Life in Ukraine's Conflict Zone"

Die österreichischen Journalisten Florian Rainer und Jutta Sommerbauer haben im vergangenen Jahr den Osten der Ukraine bereist und ihre Eindrücke in ihrem Buch "Grauzone: Eine Reise zwischen den Fronten im Donbass" veröffentlicht. hat eine Bilderserie aus dem Buch zusammengestellt. "Life in Donbass proceeds against a background of conflict — distant gunfire is almost constant, growing heavier at night, when the warring sides send out scouting parties; locals, who have become accustomed to the racket, refer to it as 'barking dogs' or 'the fireworks.' Neither side intentionally targets civilians, but mistakes are inevitable. 'If a drunk soldier shoots a grenade in the wrong way, he might hit a school,' Rainer explains. 'That's something that happens on a weekly basis.' Rainer and Sommerbauer took their book title from the name locals give to this battle-scarred landscape, which is gray both visually and morally. 'It's hard to tell who exactly is fighting,' Rainer says. 'You have a lot of Russian soldiers fighting, obviously — we met a few. But Russia isn't officially fighting, so who are the separatists? Who are the government supporters?'"

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"Iran Emerges as Latest Threat to Facebook and Twitter"

Facebook und Twitter haben hunderte verdächtige Konten gelöscht, die möglicherweise genutzt werden sollten, um die öffentliche Meinung in den USA zu manipulieren. Issie Lapowsky schreibt, dass viele der gelöschten Accounts aus Russland, dem Iran und anderen Ländern stammen. "The news is a reminder of the broad scope of potential adversaries targeting American tech companies. But it simultaneously signals a strengthening alliance between those companies, which have begun proactively sharing the details of their investigations with other tech giants. On a call with reporters Tuesday night, Facebook executives including CEO Mark Zuckerberg described a multi-pronged investigation that unearthed several networks of bad actors. Some were associated with Russia, but others were affiliated with Iranian state media."

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"Legal Win Opens Pandora’s Box for DIY Weapons"

In den USA ist einer Wired zufolge "anarchistischen" Gruppe gerichtlich erlaubt worden, technische Daten für den 3D-Druck von fast allen erhältlichen Schusswaffen im Internet zu veröffentlichen. "Defense Distributed, the anarchist gun group known for its 3D printed and milled 'ghost guns,' has settled a case with the federal government allowing it to upload technical data on nearly any commercially available firearm."

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"The New Arms Race Threatening to Explode in Space"

Mit seiner Forderung nach einer "Space Force" für das US-Militär habe Präsident Trump auf ein bisher kaum beachtetes Wettrüsten zwischen den USA, China und Russland aufmerksam gemacht, schreibt Garrett M. Graff. "Everything has changed in space. A secretive, pitched arms race has opened up between the US, China, Russia, and, to a lesser extent, North Korea. The object of the race: to devise more and better ways to quickly cripple your adversary’s satellites. After decades of uncontested US supremacy, multinational cooperation, and a diplomatic consensus on reserving space for peaceful uses, military officials have begun referring to Earth’s orbit as a new 'warfighting domain.'"

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"All the Times North Korea Promised to Denuclearize"

In den vergangenen Jahrzehnten habe Nordkorea mehrfach versprochen, auf sein Atomwaffenprogramm zu verzichten, schreibt Brian Barrett in seiner kritischen Nachbetrachtung zum Gipfeltreffen in Singapur. Aus diesem Grund sei auch diesmal Skepsis gegenüber vermeintlichen Zugeständnissen angebracht. "The offer has resurfaced over the past several decades with surprising regularity. And it has never panned out so far. 'There’s definitely a pattern where the North Koreans agree to denuclearize in theory, but then there’s not really a substantive process that they agree to, to actually hammer it out,' says James McKeon, a policy analyst at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. (...) in general, North Korea uses denuclearization as a bargaining chip in times of desperation. 'Usually they suffer some kind of internal crisis, and then start acting in a really threatening way to try to get people to give them stuff,' says Mieke Eoyang, a national security analyst for center-left think tank Third Way."

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"Haunting Photos of the Hidden War on Terror"

Der Fotograf Edmund Clark hat in den vergangenen Jahren US-Einrichtungen besucht, die im Zusammenhang mit dem amerikanischen "Krieg gegen den Terror" stehen. Seine Bilder werden gegenwärtig in der Ausstellung "The Day the Music Died" in New York präsentiert. "Clark believes that the nearly two-decade-long 'War on Terror' launched by President George W. Bush after 9/11 has subtly permeated our culture and everyday lives in similar ways. Working with investigative journalist Crofton Black, Clark has spent the past decade traveling to black sites, detention facilities, and naval bases around the world, seeking to capture the commonplace reality of horrific practices like torture, extraordinary rendition, and indefinite detention. His goal is to de-sensationalize these locations — and, in doing so, make us realize the War on Terror is all around us."

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"Scientists Know How You’ll Respond to Nuclear War — and They Have a Plan"

Wie würden sich überlebende Zivilisten in einer Großstadt wie Washington D.C. im Fall eines Atomwaffenangriffs verhalten? US-Wissenschaftler beschäftigen sich Megan Molteni zufolge seit Jahrzehnten mit diesen Szenaren, um Strategien und Notfallpläne zu entwickeln. Forscher wie Chris Barrett vom Biocomplexity Institute of Virginia Tech könnten bei ihren Simulationen mittlerweile auf riesige Datensätze und Rechnerkapazitäten zurückgreifen. "In addition to information about where they live and what they do, each synthetic Washingtonite is also assigned a number of characteristics following the initial blast — how healthy they are, how mobile, what time they made their last phone call, whether they can receive an emergency broadcast. And most important, what actions they’ll take. These are based on historical studies of how humans behave in disasters. Even if people are told to shelter in place until help arrives, for example, they’ll usually only follow those orders if they can communicate with family members. They’re also more likely to go toward a disaster area than away from it — either to search for family members or help those in need. Barrett says he learned that most keenly in seeing how people responded in the hours after 9/11."

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"What Would Really Happen If Russia Attacked Undersea Internet Cables"

Louise Matsakis schreibt angesichts jüngster Warnungen aus NATO-Ländern vor russischen U-Boot-Aktivitäten in der Nähe von transatlantischen Datenkabeln, dass die Sorge vor den Folgen einer möglichen Sabotage nach Ansicht von Experten übertrieben sei. "The world’s internet infrastructure is vulnerable, but Russia doesn't present the greatest threat. There are plenty of more complicated problems, that start with understanding how the cable system actually works. (...) For one, ruptures aren’t exactly an anomaly. One of the estimated 428 undersea cables worldwide is damaged every couple of days. Nearly all faults aren’t intentional. (...) That means Russia snipping a handful of cables in the Atlantic, where its submarines have been spotted, would disturb the global internet very little. In fact, even if it ruptured every single cable in the Atlantic Ocean, traffic could still be re-routed the other way, across the Pacific. (...) That’s not to say that the world’s undersea cables aren’t at risk, or that they don’t need protection — especially in areas of the world with less internet infrastructure, like Africa and some parts of Southeast Asia. When a fault happens there, the consequences can be more severe, including genuine internet disruption."

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"Exclusive: Tracing ISIS’ Weapons Supply Chain—Back to the US"

Brian Castner berichtet in dieser umfassenden Reportage, wie es dem "Islamischen Staat" offenbar gelingen konnte, mit Hilfe von amerikanischen Materialien eine eigene Massenproduktion von Waffen und Munition auf die Beine zu stellen. "In Syria and Iraq, ISIS fighters are in retreat, losing ground to government forces and becoming increasingly constrained in their attacks and ambitions. But their intellectual capital—their weapon designs, the engineering challenges they’ve solved, their industrial processes, blueprints, and schematics — still constitute a major threat. (...) Much of the international structure that prevents weapons trafficking is rendered useless if ISIS can simply upload and share their designs and manufacturing processes with affiliates in Africa and Europe, who also have access to money and machinery. (...) They have already shown they can produce a nation-state’s worth of weapons, and their manufacturing process will only become easier with the growth of 3-D printing."

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"North Korea’s Latest Missile Test Puts the Entire US in Range"

Der jüngste Raketentest Nordkoreas hat verdeutlicht, dass theoretisch auch Washington zu den Zielen eines möglichen nordkoreanischen Angriffs gehören könnte. Einige Experten weisen allerdings Brian Barrett zufolge auf technologische Mängel der bisher getesteten Raketen hin, die einen erfolgreichen Angriff in der Praxis wohl verhindern würden. "Setting aside the technological speed bumps, many remain skeptical that North Korea would actually go so far as to launch an ICBM at the United States, given that the reprisal likely would effectively obliterate the country. Instead, experts generally see the ICBM launches as shows of strength designed to prevent US aggression, rather than provoke it. The question once again becomes what, if anything, the US does in response."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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