US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"Venezuela creates military unit on Colombia border amid fighting"

Venezuela habe eine spezielle Militäreinheit für die Region Apure eingerichtet, informiert Reuters. In dem Gebiet nahe der kolumbianischen Grenze sei es im vergangenen Monat mehrfach zu gewaltsamen Zusammenstößen zwischen venezolanischen Truppen und illegalen bewaffneten Gruppen gekommen. "Thousands of civilians have been displaced by combat with fighters that the government of President Nicolas Maduro calls 'terrorists.' General Vladimir Padrino said a temporary unit called an Integrated Operational Defense Zone, or ZODI, would operate in several municipalities of Apure state, where the clashes have taken place. 'We are not going to allow any type of force, be it conventional, irregular, criminal, drug trafficker, etcetera, to come to Venezuelan territory to commit crimes,' Padrino said in a televised statement."

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"Ten killed in suicide bomb attack in Somali capital"

Feisal Omar und Abdi Sheikh bemerken: Nur wenige Stunden nachdem die islamistische Organisation al-Shabaab zwei Stützpunkte der somalischen Armee angegriffen haben soll, seien bei einem Selbstmordanschlag in Somalias Hauptstadt Mogadischu mindestens zehn Menschen ums Leben gekommen. "'A suicide bomber blew up himself under trees where poor mothers sold tea, milk and (narcotic leaf) khat,' Information Ministry spokesman Ismail Mukhtar Omar told Reuters, adding that more people were wounded in the attack. There was no immediate comment from the al Shabaab, which had earlier claimed responsibility for the attacks on the Bariire and Awdhigle army bases. (…) Militants from al Shabaab, which is linked to al-Qaeda, have waged years of attacks and levied tolls on trade in a campaign to introduce strict religious law."

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"Ukraine says Russian military buildup threatens its security"

Nach Angaben des Oberbefehlshabers der ukrainischen Streitkräfte, Ruslan Khomchak, stationiere Russland Soldaten in der Nähe der ukrainischen Grenze, informiert Reuters. "Khomchak said Russian troops from different regions had been assembling near the borders of Ukraine under the guise of maintaining combat readiness and preparing for exercises, 'carring out a gradual build-up of troops near the state border of Ukraine'. (…) Ukraine, Western countries and NATO accuse Russia of sending troops and heavy weapons to prop up separatists. Moscow says it only provides political and humanitarian support to the rebels and says Russians fighting in Ukraine are volunteers."

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"Indonesian church bombed by suspected Islamist militants"

Bei einem Selbstmordanschlag vor einer katholischen Kirche im indonesischen Makassar seien 19 Menschen verletzt worden, melden Agustinus Beo Da Costa und Stanley Widianto. "The mass was finishing when the attackers detonated at least one device outside the church. The two suspects were the only fatalities. Police chief Listyo Sigit Prabowo said the bombers were both believed to belong to the Islamic State-inspired Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD) (…)."

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"Violence against Colombian civilians worsened in 2020, says Red Cross"

Laut dem Internationalen Komitee vom Roten Kreuz (ICRC) habe die Gewalt gegen Zivilisten durch bewaffnete Rebellengruppen 2020 in Kolumbien zugenommen, schreibt Luis Jaime Acosta. "While a 2016 peace deal with the demobilized Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) saw an initial fall in violence, the country is still fighting former FARC members who reject the deal and remain armed, as well as the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas and crime gangs. 'Throughout 2020, the consequences of conflict grew worse,' the ICRC's new Colombia chief, Lorenzo Caraffi, told journalists. (…) Last year saw increases in victims of explosive devices and attacks against medical posts, Caraffi said. Forced displacements and confinements, killings, sexual violence and recruitment of minors also took place, he said."

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"Exclusive: North Korea unresponsive to behind-the-scenes Biden administration outreach - U.S. official"

Laut einem hochrangigen US-Beamten habe die Biden-Administration seit Mitte Februar mehrere diplomatische Vorstöße unternommen, mit der nordkoreanischen Regierung in Kontakt zu treten, schreibt Phil Stewart. Bisher zeige Pjöngjang jedoch keine Reaktion auf die amerikanischen Bemühungen. "The Biden administration official said it appeared there had been no active dialogue between the United States and North Korea for more than a year, including at the end of Trump's administration, 'despite multiple attempts during that time by the United States to engage.' The U.S. official declined to speculate about how the silence from Pyongyang would impact the Biden administration's North Korea policy review, which was expected to be completed in the coming weeks."

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"Islamic State says it killed female media workers in east Afghanistan"

Der sogenannte "Islamische Staat" habe sich zu einem Anschlag in Afghanistan bekannt, bei dem drei Journalistinnen getötet wurden, informiert Reuters. "The militant group, which has a presence in Afghanistan, said its fighters had targeted the three female employees of a television station in the eastern city of Jalalabad on Tuesday evening, according to the SITE Intelligence group. (…) Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani condemned the attack, which local police initially blamed on the insurgent Taliban, who denied any involvement. (…) Violence has risen around Afghanistan and media workers and civil society members (…) have been targeted in recent months even as a peace process takes place in Qatar's capital of Doha."

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"U.S. capitals gird for pro-Trump armed protests as FBI flags risk of violence"

Die US-Behörden fürchten, dass es anlässlich der Amtseinführung Joe Bidens am 20. Januar in vielen Bundestaaten zu bewaffneten Protesten enttäuschter Trump-Anhänger kommen könnte. "More than a dozen states have activated National Guard troops to help secure their capitol buildings following an FBI warning of armed protests, with right-wing extremists emboldened by the deadly siege at the U.S. Capitol in Washington on Jan. 6. (…) While many states have erected fences or other barriers to secure their capitols, Texas and Kentucky have taken the further step of closing their capitol grounds to the public. Downtown Washington, D.C., was virtually empty, with streets near the Capitol closed and battalions of camouflaged National Guard soldiers taking up positions across the city center."

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"Iran will expel U.N. nuclear inspectors unless sanctions are lifted: lawmaker"

Iran hat mit der Ausweisung aller Inspektoren der Atomenergiebehörde IAEA gedroht, sollten die USA ihre Sanktionen gegen Teheran nicht aufheben. "Iran will expel United Nations nuclear watchdog inspectors unless U.S. sanctions are lifted by a Feb. 21 deadline set by the hardline-dominated parliament, a lawmaker said on Saturday. Parliament passed a law in November that obliges the government to halt inspections of its nuclear sites by the International Atomic Energy Agency and step up uranium enrichment beyond the limit set under Tehran’s 2015 nuclear deal if sanctions are not eased. Iran’s Guardian Council watchdog body approved the law on Dec. 2 and the government has said it will implement it. 'According to the law, if the Americans do not lift financial, banking and oil sanctions by Feb. 21, we will definitely expel the IAEA inspectors from the country and will definitely end the voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol,' said parliamentarian Ahmad Amirabadi Farahani."

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"Assange 'free to return home' once legal challenges over, Australia PM says"

Der australische Premierminister Scott Morrison hat bestätigt, dass Julian Assange nach dem Ende seiner juristischen Probleme nach Australien zurückkehren könnte. "'Well, the justice system is making its way and we’re not a party to that. And like any Australian, they’re offered consular support and should, you know, the appeal fail, obviously he would be able to return to Australia like any other Australian,' Morrison told local radio station 2GB. 'So, yes, it’s just a straightforward process of the legal system in the UK working its way through.'"

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"Biden will keep using U.S. sanctions weapon but with sharper aim – sources"

Joe Biden plant offenbar, als US-Präsident Sanktionen als regelmäßiges Werkzeug seiner Außenpolitik einzusetzen. "Joe Biden will not shy away from using President Donald Trump’s weapon of choice - sanctions - as he seeks to reshape America’s foreign policy, according to people familiar with his thinking. But when Biden takes office on Jan. 20, he is expected to quickly begin recalibrating Trump’s blunt-force approach while taking time to deliberate before making any major changes with top sanctions targets like Iran and China, the sources said. His challenge will be to sort out which sanctions to keep, which to undo and which to expand. This will come after four years in which Trump has imposed punitive economic measures at a record pace – often unilaterally - but has failed to bend U.S. rivals to his will."

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"Senior Republicans accept Biden as president-elect, reject talk of overturning election"

Nach der Bestätigung Joe Bidens als US-Präsident durch das Wahlkollegium (Electoral College) haben sich einflussreiche Republikaner im Senat gegen weitere Bemühungen Donald Trumps zum Kippen des Wahlergebnisses ausgesprochen. "As a few of President Donald Trump’s most loyal backers contemplated a last-ditch effort to reverse his Nov. 3 election defeat, a growing number of Republicans appeared ready to defy Trump and recognize Biden as the winner more than a month after the vote. Senator John Thune, the Senate’s No. 2 Republican, said lawmakers had the right to challenge electoral votes. But he also said it was 'time to move on' and that as soon as Biden 'crosses the 270-vote threshold' in the Electoral College, he would be president-elect. A candidate needs 270 Electoral College votes to win the White House. Biden passed that threshold on Monday afternoon when California delivered its 55 electoral votes to the Democrat. He will take office on Jan. 20."

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"Majority in Swedish parliament backs 'NATO option' after Sweden Democrats shift"

In Schweden gebe es zum ersten Mal eine parlamentarische Mehrheit für eine "NATO-Option", berichtet Reuters. "A Swedish parliamentary majority in favour of readiness to join NATO as a possible security policy option has emerged for the first time after the far-right Sweden Democrats party shifted position on the military alliance. However, the government, which decides foreign and security policies, remained opposed to adopting such a 'NATO option'. The introduction of a 'NATO option' would not mean Sweden would apply for membership of the U.S.-led Western alliance but rather that Sweden would consider it down the road if deemed necessary for security."

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"Gunmen storm Kabul University, killing 22, in second deadly attack on students in just over a week"

Bei einem Angriff des "Islamischen Staates" auf die Universität in Kabul sind mindestens 22 Menschen getötet worden. "Gunmen barged into Kabul University in the morning, killing students in their classrooms and firing on others as they fled, officials and witnesses said, in what was the second attack on an educational institution in the capital in just over a week. The three attackers killed at least 22 people, including students, and wounded 22 others before Afghan security forces shot the gunmen dead, the health ministry said. The attack was claimed by Islamic State, the jihadist group’s Amaq News Agency said. Amaq said the gunmen targeted a gathering being held to mark the completion of a training course at the university."

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"France's Macron to Muslims: I hear your anger, but won't accept violence"

Nach der islamistischen Messerattacke in Nizza hat Frankreichs Präsident Macron Verständnis für den Ärger vieler Muslime über die Veröffentlichung der Mohammed-Karikaturen geäußert. "In an effort to rectify what he said were misapprehensions about France’s intentions in the Muslim world, Macron gave an interview to Arabic television network Al Jazeera that was broadcast on Saturday. In it, he said France would not back down in the face of violence and would defend the right to free expression, including the publication of cartoons. But he stressed that did not mean he or his officials supported the cartoons, which Muslims consider blasphemous, or that France was in any way anti-Muslim. 'So I understand and respect that people could be shocked by these cartoons, but I will never accept that one can justify physical violence over these cartoons, and I will always defend the freedom in my country to write, to think, to draw,' Macron said, according to an interview transcript released by his office. 'My role is to calm things down, which is what I’m doing, but at the same time, it’s to protect these rights.'"

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"With improved leverage, North Korea leader Kim awaits winner of U.S. vote"

In Nordkorea sehe man dem Ausgang der US-Präsidentschaftswahlen relativ gelassen entgegen, berichtet Hyonhee Shin aus Seoul. "North Korea’s Kim Jong Un awaits the winner of next week’s U.S. presidential election armed with greater leverage in high-stakes nuclear diplomacy, thanks to a more powerful and versatile arsenal of weapons than at the start of the Trump presidency. (…) While Donald Trump boasts of having prevented war and exchanged 'beautiful letters' with Kim, the U.S. president has not wrested a single significant commitment from the North to roll back its weapons of mass destruction programme, according to Seoul officials and analysts. For Kim, Joe Biden poses a more challenging negotiating partner, more likely to pen a 'Dear Jong' letter than engage with him in person - even though the bar for summit diplomacy is lower due to the precedent set by Trump, the officials say."

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"Honeymoon over? Saudi Arabia-U.S. ties face reset with Biden win"

Auch Saudi-Arabien würde im Fall einer Wahlniederlage Donald Trumps im November Reuters zufolge ein "Reset" der Beziehungen zu den USA drohen. "Saudi Arabia’s crown prince enjoyed a near free pass under his personal relationship with U.S. President Donald Trump, but the kingdom’s brazen young leader will have to tread more carefully should Democrats take the White House and reset strategic ties. Riyadh’s human rights record, with the brutal 2018 murder of Washington Post Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and detention of women activists, will be a prime point of friction with a Joe Biden administration, as will the Yemen war. At issue for the Gulf powerhouse, which lobbied hard for Trump’s maximum pressure campaign against foe Iran, is how Biden will address Tehran’s ballistic missiles and support for regional proxies in any talks to revive an international nuclear pact with Iran that Washington quit in 2018."

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"U.S. welcomes Russian offer to freeze warheads totals to extend nuclear pact by a year"

Bei den New-Start-Verhandlungen zeichnet sich Reuters zufolge eine Verlängerung des Rüstungsabkommens um ein Jahr ab. "The last U.S.-Russia strategic nuclear arms control pact gained momentum toward a one-year extension on Tuesday as Washington welcomed a proposal by Moscow to prolong it if both sides agreed to freeze their stocks of all nuclear warheads for that period. Some experts, however, said major questions would have to be resolved to strike a deal and voiced concern that U.S. President Donald Trump’s interest was motivated by a desire for a foreign policy achievement before the Nov. 3 U.S. election. The step toward an agreement, after months of difficult talks, appeared to narrow the gap over the fate of the 2010 New START treaty, which is due to expire on Feb. 5, 2021."

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"Greece, Cyprus told to wait for EU action on 'provocative' Turkey"

Die EU will offenbar erst im Dezember entscheiden, wie sie auf die erneuten "Provokationen" der Türkei im östlichen Mittelmeer reagieren will, berichtet Reuters. "Greece and Cyprus pushed for a tougher European Union response to Turkey’s natural gas exploration in contested Mediterranean waters at an EU summit on Friday but were essentially told to hold off until another leaders’ meeting in December. Two weeks after their last summit where leaders discussed economic sanctions, the EU has so far failed to persuade Ankara to stop exploring in waters disputed by Greece and Cyprus. Turkey said on Wednesday it was restarting operations of a survey ship that it withdrew last month."

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"Iran short of 'significant quantity' of potential bomb material: IAEA boss"

Dem Chef der Internationalen Atomenergiebehörde (IAEA) zufolge verfügt der Iran derzeit nicht über genügend Uran, um eigene Atomwaffen herstellen zu können. "'The Iranians continue to enrich uranium, and to a much higher degree than they have committed themselves to. And this amount is growing by the month,' International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) head Rafael Grossi told Die Presse in an interview published on its website on Saturday. Asked about how long Iran would need to build a nuclear weapon -- the so-called 'breakout time', he said: 'In the IAEA we do not talk about breakout time. We look at the significant quantity, the minimum amount of enriched uranium or plutonium needed to make an atomic bomb. Iran does not have this significant quantity at the moment.' Iran denies ever having had a nuclear weapons programme, saying its nuclear programme is purely for energy purposes."

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"West African leaders lift sanctions on Mali"

Die westafrikanischen ECOWAS-Länder haben ihre Sanktionen gegen die durch einen Putsch an die Macht gekommene Militärregierung in Mali aufgehoben. "'Taking into account the notable progress made towards a constitutional normalisation, and the support the process, the heads of states have decided to lift the sanctions on Mali, and called on partners to support Mali,' said the statement, signed by the chair of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)."

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"Taiwan defence chief says no signs China is preparing for war"

Trotz chinesischer Militärmanöver vor der Küste gibt es dem Verteidigungsminister Taiwans zufolge bisher keine Anzeichen dafür, dass Peking tatsächlich eine Invasion der Insel vorbereite. "Democratic Taiwan has denounced China’s manoeuvres, including flying fighter jets over the sensitive mid-line of the Taiwan Strait, as an attempt at intimidation. 'The Chinese communists have continued their acts of provocation against Taiwan, but there are currently no signs showing it is ready to launch a full-scale war,' Defence Minister Yen De-fa told parliament. One sign of an imminent attack would be if troops from inland parts of China began massing along its east, but there are no indications that is happening, he added. Taiwan’s own forces are maintaining peacetime combat preparedness and have not stepped up their alert status, Yen said. Nevertheless he vowed a fight to the last man to defend the island’s sovereignty and democracy."

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"Trump imposes new bans on Cuban rum, cigars, hotels"

US-Präsident Trump hat vor dem Hintergrund des laufenden Wahlkampfes in Florida neue Sanktionen gegen Kuba verhängt. "Since Trump took office in January 2017, he has been rolling back a detente with America’s old Cold War foe pursued by his Democratic predecessor, President Barack Obama. Trump’s aides believe his toughened stance has gone down well in the large Cuban-American community in south Florida, an important voting bloc in a state where he and Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden are locked in a tight race."

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"World becoming less tolerant of migrants - Gallup poll"

Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge ist die Akzeptanz von Migranten weltweit gesunken. "Seven European countries, led by North Macedonia, Hungary, Serbia and Croatia, topped the Gallup index of the world’s least-accepting countries. But the sharpest changes in attitudes were in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, which have seen an influx of Venezuelans fleeing turmoil at home. Canada was the most welcoming country toward migrants, followed by Iceland and New Zealand, according to the index based on more than 140,000 interviews in 145 countries and regions. The poll asked people their views about having migrants living in their country, becoming their neighbours and marrying into their families."

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"U.N. war crimes experts urge Turkey to rein in rebels in Syria"

UN-Experten haben die Türkei in einem Bericht über Kriegsverbrechen in Syrien aufgefordert, ihre Verbündeten vor Ort zu "zügeln". "Turkey must rein in Syrian rebels it supports in northern Syria who may have carried out kidnappings, torture and looting of civilian property, United Nations war crimes investigators said on Tuesday. In a report covering the first half of 2020, the U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Syria said assassinations and rapes of civilians by all sides, marked by 'sectarian undertones', were on the rise in the conflict that began in 2011."

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"Once an American foe, now a friend: OPEC turns 60"

Das Öl-Kartell OPEC habe sich sechzig Jahre nach seiner Gründung von einem Widersacher zu einem Partner der USA gewandelt, schreibt Alex Lawler. "Since Saudi Arabia and other Arab OPEC members imposed their famous oil embargo as retribution for U.S. support for Israel during the Yom Kippur War, shifts in global politics and a surge in America’s oil production have tamed the group. OPEC’s most hawkish members, Iran and Venezuela, have been sidelined by U.S. sanctions while its kingpin, Saudi Arabia, has shown it would rather appease Washington than risk losing U.S. support, current and former OPEC officials say."

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"U.S. court: Mass surveillance program exposed by Snowden was illegal"

Sieben Jahre nach den Enthüllungen des NSA-Whistleblowers Edward Snowden hat ein US-Gericht festgestellt, dass das betroffene NSA-Programm zur Massenüberwachung von US-Bürgern illegal gewesen sei. "In a ruling handed down on Wednesday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit said the warrantless telephone dragnet that secretly collected millions of Americans’ telephone records violated the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and may well have been unconstitutional. Snowden, who fled to Russia in the aftermath of the 2013 disclosures and still faces U.S. espionage charges, said on Twitter that the ruling was a vindication of his decision to go public with evidence of the National Security Agency’s domestic eavesdropping operation. 'I never imagined that I would live to see our courts condemn the NSA’s activities as unlawful and in the same ruling credit me for exposing them,' Snowden said in a message posted to Twitter."

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"Who owned the chemicals that blew up Beirut? No one will say"

Reuters zufolge ist nach wie vor unklar, wem das explosive Ammoniumnitrat im Beiruter Hafen eigentlich gehört hat. "There are many unanswered questions surrounding last week’s huge, deadly blast in the Lebanese capital, but ownership should be among the easiest to resolve. Clear identification of ownership, especially of a cargo as dangerous as that carried by the Moldovan-flagged Rhosus when it sailed into Beirut seven years ago, is fundamental to shipping, the key to insuring it and settling disputes that often arise. But Reuters interviews and trawls for documents across 10 countries in search of the original ownership of this 2,750-tonne consignment instead revealed an intricate tale of missing documentation, secrecy and a web of small, obscure companies that span the globe. (…) Those linked to the shipment and interviewed by Reuters all denied knowledge of the cargo’s original owner or declined to answer the question. Those who said they didn’t know included the ship’s captain, the Georgian fertilizer maker who produced the cargo and the African firm that ordered it but said it never paid for it."

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"Afghanistan to release 400 'hard-core' Taliban to start peace talks"

Die Ratsversammlung Loya Jirga hat die Entlassung von 400 erfahrenen Taliban-Kämpfern empfohlen, um den Weg der Friedensverhandlungen in Afghanistan zu ebnen. "With the release, the Afghan government will fulfil its pledge to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners. Talks between the warring Taliban and government will start in Doha this week, Western diplomats said. Ghani appealed to the hardline Islamist group to pledge to a complete ceasefire ahead of talks. Deliberation over the release of last batch of Taliban prisoners, accused of conducting some of the bloodiest attacks across Afghanistan, had triggered outrage among civilians and rights groups who questioned the morality of the peace process."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

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