US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Council on Foreign Relations


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27.02.2018

"The Rise of Islamist Groups in Malaysia and Indonesia"

https://www.cfr.org/expert-brief/rise-islamist-groups-malaysia-and-indonesia

In Malaysia und Indonesien gewinnen islamistische Gruppen Joshua Kurlantzick zufolge immer größeren politischen Einfluss. Beide Länder gelten bisher als multiethnische und multireligiöse Modellbeispiele der friedlichen Koexistenz eines bürgerlichen Rechtswesens mit islamischen Traditionen. "But since the beginning of this decade, conservative and often Islamist groups, which slowly amassed power in the late 2000s, have gained greater influence in the two countries over the law and politics. They have done so by organizing within democratic politics in Indonesia, and to some extent Malaysia, through grassroots campaigns and local electoral victories. Still, their goals — such as implementing laws based on sharia and rolling back protections for religious minorities — are often at odds with secularism and democracy. Now, in the run-up to Malaysia’s 2018 national elections and Indonesia’s 2019 presidential election, these groups could play central roles in determining the countries’ paths and could possibly undermine hard-won political and legal gains, making the two states less reliable U.S. security and economic partners."

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02.02.2018

"Mapping Islamist Terrorist Incidents in Africa for 2017"

https://www.cfr.org/blog/mapping-islamist-terrorist-incidents-africa-2017

Das Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) hat eine neue Karte mit den Aktivitäten militanter islamistischer Gruppen in Afrika veröffentlicht. "According to its review, the number of fatalities dropped in 2017, but the number of events associated with Islamist groups increased. The decline in total fatalities owes much to the decline in fatalities caused by Boko Haram, which nevertheless remains the most deadly terrorist operation in sub-Saharan Africa, and, as the ACSS concludes, shows the groups continuing resiliency. (...) The ACSS map also illustrates an important reality. Though Islamist terrorism often dominates the headlines, there are really only three centers of it in sub-Saharan Africa: Somalia (with spill-over into Kenya), Mali (with spill-over into Burkina Faso), and the Lake Chad Basin (chiefly in Nigeria, but also in Niger, Cameroon, and Chad). The rest of sub-Saharan Africa — geographically an enormous region — is almost entirely free of it."

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17.01.2018

"Modern Slavery - An exploration of its root causes and the human toll."

https://www.cfr.org/interactives/modern-slavery/#!/section1/item-1

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat sich in diesem interaktiven Überblick mit dem Phänomen der modernen Sklaverei beschäftigt. Weltweit werden demnach über 40 Millionen Menschen auf diese Weise missbraucht. "Slavery occurs in the gulags of North Korea, on the battlefields of Iraq and Syria, and in the brothels of Eastern Europe. Its victims are children forced into military action in the Democratic Republic of Congo or born into debt bondage at brick kilns in India, young men laboring on rickety fishing boats in Thailand, and children and women pressed into domestic servitude in Haiti. (...) Slavery is most prevalent in impoverished countries and those with vulnerable minority communities, though it also exists in developed countries. Tens of thousands toil in slave-like conditions in industries such as mining, farming, and factories, producing goods for domestic consumption or export to more prosperous nations. Profiteers prey on vulnerable people and operate with relative impunity. Slavery today usually takes one of the following forms: bonded labor, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, or forced marriage."

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28.12.2017

"Year in Review"

https://www.cfr.org/2017

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat ein Dossier mit Beiträgen zu den vorherrschenden außen- und sicherheitspolitischen Themen von 2017 und zu möglichen Schwerpunkten des Jahres 2018 zusammengestellt.

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18.12.2017

"Trump Security Strategy a Study in Contrasts"

https://www.cfr.org/expert-brief/trump-security-strategy-study-contrasts

Max Boot schreibt in seiner Analyse, dass die praktische Bedeutung der neuen Nationalen Sicherheitsstrategie des US-Präsidenten nicht überschätzt werden sollte. "No senior decision-maker has ever confronted a crisis by looking at a copy of the NSS to find out what to do. NSSs are not even important in guiding spending and procurement decisions; they make no attempt, as real strategy documents should, to reconcile ends and means — to suggest which programs should be funded and which defunded to achieve the results desired. NSSs are really wish lists of capabilities and laundry lists of threats. They are worth paying attention to mainly because they represent an attempt by an administration to bring some intellectual coherence to the day-to-day press of decisions on myriad matters."

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09.11.2017

"Why the Time Is Right to Talk to the Taliban"

https://www.cfr.org/article/why-time-right-talk-taliban

Eine Mehrheit der Experten und militärischen Entscheidungsträger in den USA und bei der NATO ist Courtney Cooper zufolge zu der Überzeugung gelangt, dass der seit Jahren andauernde Konflikt in Afghanistan nicht militärisch gewonnen werden könne. Deshalb sollte ein neuer Versuch unternommen werden, echte Friedensgespräche unter Beteiligung der Taliban in die Wege zu leiten. "Successive U.S. administrations have held mixed positions on peace talks with the Taliban, but none of them prioritized efforts to conclude the conflict through a political process. The George W. Bush administration reportedly refused a Taliban offer of surrender in 2002. The Obama administration, following its 2009 decision to surge U.S. troops to fight the Taliban, publicly signaled its openness to supporting talks between Kabul and the Taliban, promoted confidence-building measures, and facilitated the establishment of a short-lived Taliban political office in Qatar. In his August speech, President Donald J. Trump appeared open to a political settlement, but only if it followed U.S. military gains against the group. (...) There are several arguments for delaying efforts to set the foundation for an Afghan peace process, but they all overlook the larger costs of extending — or even escalating — the conflict."

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06.11.2017

"Tracking State-Sponsored Cyber Operations"

https://www.cfr.org/blog/tracking-state-sponsored-cyber-operations

Adam Segal stellt eine neue Datenbank des Council on Foreign Relations vor, in der Informationen über weltweite staatliche Cyberspace-Operationen erfasst werden. "We’re launching a Cyber Operations Tracker, a database of the publicly known state-sponsored cyber incidents that have occurred since 2005. The database, which draws on previous work done by CSIS, Florian Roth, and, contains almost two hundred entries of state-sponsored cyber incidents or threat actors for which data is publicly available. Want to know who is spying on whom? Looking for the number of times North Korea has been publicly denounced for its cyber operations? Heard of Equation Group but would like to know more about it? The tracker can help answer all of these questions."

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03.11.2017

"New Interactive Report Traces the Role of Women in Global Peacemaking"

https://www.cfr.org/news-releases/new-interactive-report-traces-role-women-global-peacemaking

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat eine interaktive Webseite zusammengestellt, auf der die positive Rolle von Frauen in internationalen Friedensprozessen hervorgehoben wird. "'Women’s Participation in Peace Processes' explores women’s roles in major peace agreements from 1990 to the present. 'From Kabul to Kinshasa, women continue to be marginalized and excluded from peace and security processes, despite facing unique threats to their safety and well-being,' says Rachel Vogelstein, CFR’s Douglas Dillon senior fellow and director of the Women and Foreign Policy program. The interactive feature includes case studies, data visualizations, personal stories, and policy analysis."

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01.11.2017

"VICE Special Report: A World in Disarray"

https://www.cfr.org/AWID

Vice hat ausgehend vom Buch "A World in Disarray" von Richard Haass ein 80-minütiges Video veröffentlicht, in dem die internationale Sicherheitslage anhand einiger Fallstudien analysiert wird. Der Council on Foreign Relations hat als Ergänzung einen Text mit begleitenden Anmerkungen des Autors ins Netz gestellt. "A World in Disarray, a VICE special report, is a feature-length documentary that draws on the book of the same name by CFR President Richard N. Haass. The film explores the disorder in today’s international landscape, how it arose, and how it plays out in four areas of conflict and tension: Syria, Ukraine, the South China Sea, and North Korea."

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27.10.2017

"Southeast Asia’s Democratic Decline in the America First Era"

https://www.cfr.org/expert-brief/southeast-asias-democratic-decline-america-first-era

In vielen Ländern Südostasiens befinde sich die Demokratie auf dem Rückzug, stellt Joshua Kurlantzick fest. Die US-Regierung unter Präsident Trump sollte diese Entwicklung aus sicherheitspolitischen und wirtschaftlichen Gründen deutlich ernster nehmen, so seine Mahnung. "The region’s seemingly successful democratization in the 1990s and 2000s was seen as a model for other developing nations, but now its democratic collapse reflects trends sweeping the globe. (...) The Trump administration’s America First policies, which will be on display during the president’s upcoming trip to Asia, have only emboldened autocrats in Southeast Asia — and in other parts of the world. Yet the White House’s disinterest in supporting democracy is a mistake. In the long term, democratic backsliding will imperil freedoms for people suffering under increasingly autocratic rule. But it could also impair regional and global security; as mature democracies tend to work most effectively with the United States. Those countries operating under the whim of a strongman are less reliable partners."

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05.09.2017

"Just When You Thought Southeast Asia’s Democratic Regression Couldn’t Get Any Worse …"

https://www.cfr.org/blog/just-when-you-thought-southeast-asias-democratic-regression-couldnt-get-any-wors
e

Joshua Kurlantzick hat in den vergangenen fünf Jahren verfolgt, wie die Demokratie in Südostasien immer stärker zurückgedrängt worden ist. In seinem zweiteiligen Blogpost verweist er auf die jüngsten Demonstrationen autoritärer Herrschaft in Thailand, Myanmar und Kambodscha. "Ten years ago, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia all were young democracies — or, at least, hybrid regimes that seemed to be making progress toward full democracy. By the early 2010s, Myanmar had joined the list of possible success stories. (...) But recent years have been brutally unkind to Southeast Asian democrats. (...) There seem to be few signs of a better future for Southeast Asian democrats, at least in the near term. Indeed, if the past five years have been terrible for democracy in Southeast Asia, the next five look even more uncertain."

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30.08.2017

"Europe’s Patchwork Approach to Cyber Defense Needs a Complete Overhaul"

https://www.cfr.org/blog/europes-patchwork-approach-cyber-defense-needs-complete-overhaul

Annegret Bendiek, Mitarbeiterin an der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) mit dem Schwerpunkt Europäische Cybersicherheit, moniert, dass die EU-Strategie zur Abwehr von Cyberangriffen bislang ein "Flickenteppich" aus guten Intentionen, Richtlinien und einer "Alphabet-Suppe" organisatorischer Abkürzungen sei. "Europe’s approach to cyber defense is at a crossroads. Russia is getting more aggressive in its active measures campaigns, and rudimentary but effective cyber operations, such as WannaCry, can temporarily knock out critical infrastructure. It is likely that the EU will face a cyber-related crisis and its current organizational structure is ill-equipped to respond to the challenge. Reforms are needed now to ensure that Europe can properly defend itself."

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16.08.2017

"What Is the Far Right’s Threat to National Security?"

https://www.cfr.org/interview/what-far-rights-threat-national-security

Nach dem Aufmarsch bewaffneter Demonstranten in Charlottesville hat sich Zachary Laub mit dem niederländische Politikwissenschaftler Cas Mudde über die Rolle rechtsextremer Gruppen in den USA und deren potentielle Bedrohung der öffentlichen Sicherheit unterhalten. Dabei äußert sich Mudde auch zur unterschiedlichen Herangehensweise in europäischen Ländern: "Laub: 'Is there anything that U.S. law enforcement or policymakers can learn from Europe’s experience dealing with the far right?' Mudde: 'There’s a different legal context in the U.S., because of the First Amendment, than in Europe, where freedom of speech is significantly restricted with regard to racism and anti-Semitism. I prefer the U.S. way. But one thing European governments do [is control the use of force]. One of the most upsetting parts of the Charlottesville fiasco was that [Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe said] that the police were outgunned. That’s unacceptable; the basis of the state is having a monopoly on violence.'"

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09.08.2017

"North Korea’s Military Capabilities"

https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/north-koreas-military-capabilities

Eleanor Albert gibt in diesem Hintergrundbericht des Council on Foreign Relations einen aktuellen Überblick über die militärischen Fähigkeiten Nordkoreas. "North Korea ranks fourth among the world’s largest militaries with more than 1.1 million personnel in the country’s armed forces, accounting for nearly 5 percent of its total population. (...) According to a 2015 U.S. Department of Defense report [PDF] and a 2016 South Korean Ministry of National Defense report [PDF], the North Korean military has more than 1,300 aircraft, nearly 300 helicopters, 430 combatant vessels, 250 amphibious vessels, 70 submarines, 4,300 tanks, 2,500 armored vehicles, and 5,500 multiple-rocket launchers. Experts also estimate that North Korea has upwards of one thousand missiles of varying ranges."

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24.07.2017

"Become the Swiss Army Knife of U.S. Foreign Policy?"

https://www.cfr.org/blog-post/have-sanctions-become-swiss-army-knife-us-foreign-policy

Der US-Kongress hat ein neues Gesetz zur möglichen Verschärfung der Sanktionen gegen Russland auf den Weg gebracht. Robert Kahn fragt, ob die USA dieses außenpolitische Werkzeug möglicherweise zu häufig einsetzen. "Sanctions have been a centerpiece of economic statecraft in both Democratic and Republican administrations, and especially after 9/11 with a new focus on financial sanctions in countries as diverse as Russia, Iran, and North Korea. Yet now more than ever, sanctions policy appears to have become a policy of first resort. The critical question is whether we are getting the balance right, and whether their extensive use presents long-term risk to the global economy. (...) looking forward, we should be concerned that the pendulum will swing too far, that sanctions become too easy an option. There are some things for which a Swiss army knife is the perfect tool, but for appendicitis I’d rather see a doctor."

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08.05.2017

"South Korea at the Crossroads"

http://www.cfr.org/south-korea/south-korea-crossroads/p39103

Der Council on Foreign Relations empfiehlt das Buch "South Korea at the Crossroads" von Scott A. Snyder, der sich mit den vergangenen 50 Jahren südkoreanischer Außenpolitik und den heutigen strategischen Optionen des Landes beschäftigt hat. Das Fazit Snyders lautet demnach: "Despite its rise as a leader in international financial, development, and climate change forums, South Korea will likely still require the commitment of the United States to guarantee its security. Although China is a tempting option, Snyder argues that only the United States is both credible and capable in this role. South Korea remains vulnerable relative to other regional powers in northeast Asia despite its rising profile as a middle power, and it must ultimately balance the contradiction of autonomy and alliance."

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07.03.2017

"Reducing Tensions Between Russia and NATO"

http://www.cfr.org/nato/reducing-tensions-between-russia-nato/p38899

Marten, Politikwissenschaftlerin an der Columbia University, empfiehlt der NATO in diesem Bericht für den Council on Foreign Relations, die Mitgliedsländer in Europa stärker zu unterstützen. Zudem sollte die NATO Russland mit Worten und Taten versichern, dass das Bündnis rein defensive Ziele verfolge. Zu den konkreten Vorschlägen Martens gehören folgende Punkte: "Treat Russian leaders and the Russian state with public respect even if tensions rise. (...) Formally announce that the United States does not seek to impose regime change on Russia and ask Putin to reciprocate, proposing a new accord to limit cyber attacks against civilian targets in peacetime. (...) Explicitly tie planned deployment of interceptor missiles at the U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD) system in Poland to Iran fulfilling its commitments in the nuclear nonproliferation deal reached in 2015. (...) Publicly state that the United States believes Ukraine has not currently met NATO membership standards and has a long way to go. Reestablish regional military and arms control negotiations, especially in the Baltics."

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30.01.2017

"Fifteen Questions Trump Should Answer About His 'Safe Zones'"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2017/01/30/7056/

US-Präsident Trump plant offenbar, sich für die Schaffung sogenannter "Safe Zones" in und um Syrien einzusetzen. Micah Zenko, der sich seit Jahren mit den Voraussetzungen und möglichen Folgen von Flugverbotszonen und Sicherheitszonen auseinandersetzt, formuliert 15 konkrete Fragen, die seiner Ansicht nach vom Weißen Haus beantwortet werden müssten, bevor diese "neue, umfangreiche und schlecht durchdachte" militärische Mission umgesetzt werden sollte. Zenkos erste Frage lautet: "What is the ultimate political objective of the safe zones? For example, will they provide temporary humanitarian refuge for internally displaced persons, or leverage for a brokered peace agreement?"

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17.01.2017

"The Pacifist Tradition in West African Islam"

http://www.cfr.org/africa-sub-saharan/pacifist-tradition-west-african-islam/p38689?cid=rss-fullfeed-the_p
acifist_tradition_in_west-012017

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat das Video einer Podiumsdiskussion über die Ursprünge und Traditionen des Islams in Westafrika ins Netz gestellt. "Lamin Sanneh, the D. Willis James professor of missions and world Christianity at Yale Divinity School and professor of history and international and area studies at Yale University, discusses the origin and evolution of the Muslim pacifist tradition in West Africa highlighting Islam's role in fostering political moderation, religious tolerance, and social pluralism throughout the region."

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30.12.2016

"Steering a World in Disarray: Ten Summits to Watch in 2017"

http://blogs.cfr.org/patrick/2016/12/30/steering-a-world-in-disarray-ten-summits-to-watch-in-2017/

Stewart Patrick hat eine Liste der zehn multilateralen Gipfeltreffen erstellt, die in der internationalen Politik des neuen Jahres seiner Ansicht nach eine wichtige Rolle spielen werden. "After a tumultuous 2016, the world holds its breath for what the coming year may bring. Angry populism is on the march. Great power relations are tense. The Middle East has imploded. Meanwhile, President-Elect Donald J. Trump proposes to upend U.S. foreign policy in areas from trade to climate, alliances to nonproliferation, terrorism to human rights. In a world in disarray, can multilateralism deliver? Ten major summits during 2017 will help provide an answer. Here’s what to look for at each."

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26.11.2016

"Issue Guide: Fidel Castro"

http://www.cfr.org/cuba/issue-guide-fidel-castro/p38526?cid=rss-fullfeed-issue_guide_fidel_castro-112616

Danielle Renwick hat nach dem Tod Fidel Castros eine Liste mit zahlreichen Beiträgen über den früheren kubanischen Präsidenten zusammengestellt. "Fidel Castro was one of the most prominent figures of the Cold War and an adversary of ten consecutive U.S. presidential administrations. After toppling the government of Fulgencio Batista in 1959, Castro, allied with the Soviet Union, implemented reforms in a number of areas, including the health and education sectors. However, his regime was also responsible for serious human rights abuses, including harsh crackdowns on dissent. This reading list considers the legacy of his nearly fifty years in power, including the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. economic embargo, and the years following the Cold War."

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10.11.2016

"U.S. Airstrikes in Iraq and Syria, Versus Drone Strikes in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2016/11/10/us-airstrikes-in-iraq-and-syria-versus-drone-strikes-in-pakistan-ye
men-and-somalia/

Micah Zenko misstraut den neuen Zahlen des Pentagons, denen zufolge der amerikanische Luftkrieg gegen den IS in Irak und Syrien seit August 2014 nur 119 Zivilopfer gefordert habe. In diesem Zeitraum seien 12.354 Luftangriffe durchgeführt worden, bei denen dem Pentagon zufolge bis zu 45.000 IS-Kämpfer getötet worden seien. "As I have written previously, this claim of nearly infallible target discrimination and weapon precision is simply unbelievable in a combat environment where civilians and combatants are so closely intermingled. IS fighters have employed civilian-designated facilities for its own purposes, and reportedly used human shields in its headquarters sites and during the movement of its fighters. Meanwhile, as noted, U.S. military officials, analysts, and pilots make inevitable human errors of judgment and violate established protocols, resulting in unintentional civilian deaths. It is misleading to believe U.S. airstrikes are so precise."

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28.09.2016

"What the 9/11 Lawsuits Bill Will Do"

http://www.cfr.org/united-states/911-lawsuits-bill-do/p38350?cid=rss-fullfeed-what_the_9_11_lawsuits_bill
_wi-092816

Rechtsprofessor Stephen I. Vladeck von der University of Texas School of Law erläutert im Interview mögliche Konsequenzen der Entscheidung des Senats Präsident Obama zu überstimmen. "There are questions about how broadly it would sweep. The bill is not written specifically about Saudi Arabia or the 9/11 attacks. As it is currently drafted, it could be invoked to allow suits against states for international terrorism that causes harm to U.S. plaintiffs, even when the U.S. government does not consider that state to be a sponsor of terrorism. For example, could Palestinian-Americans try to use JASTA to sue Israel in the United States? Language in the bill could cut both ways. A ton of problems could prevent those suits from going anywhere, but the plaintiffs could try."

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21.09.2016

"The U.S. Vice President and Foreign Policy"

http://www.cfr.org/united-states/us-vice-president-foreign-policy/p38104

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat sich in diesem Überblicksartikel mit den Vizepräsidenten beschäftigt, die in der Geschichte der USA besonders großen Einfluss auf die amerikanische Außenpolitik genommen hätten. "For most of U.S. history, the vice presidency was an office of little power or prestige. The incumbent’s chief responsibilities were to preside over the Senate, voting only in the case of a tie, and, on the rare occasion, replace a fallen president. By contrast, vice presidents in the twenty-first century are likely to be integral members of an administration, directly involved in shaping policy at home and abroad. Many historians say the office has been elevated to such a status in recent decades, particularly since Walter Mondale in the 1970s, that its occupant now functions more like an 'assistant president' or 'super advisor.' Some political analysts say recent vice presidents have become too great a power center in the White House."

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08.04.2016

"Obama’s Latest Admission on Drone Strikes"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2016/04/08/obamas-latest-admission-on-drone-strikes/

US-Präsident Obama habe sich bei einem Auftritt vor Studenten der Rechtswissenschaften der University of Chicago ungewohnt offen zum amerikanischen Drohnenkrieg geäußert, berichtet Micah Zenko. Dabei habe Obama eingestanden, dass der Drohnenkrieg in seiner Amtszeit über vier Jahre ohne angemessene institutionelle Kommandostrukturen geführt worden sei. "(...) during the time frame between January 20, 2009 and May 23, 2013, the United States conducted 377 drone strikes in non-battlefield setting, which killed 2,741 individuals, 334 of whom are believed to be civilians. How can the White House today stand behind those operations and the deceased victims when Obama admits that there were inadequate processes in place? This is yet another reason why there must be a systematic retroactive assessment of U.S. counterterrorism strikes in non-battlefield settings, resembling the SSCI study that examined only the detention and interrogation of terrorist suspects. If those 119 detainees deserved such a study, why wouldn’t the 2,741 drone strike victims deserve the same?"

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02.03.2016

"CIA Secret Detention and Rendition"

http://www.cfr.org/intelligence/model-diplomacy-interrogation-policy/p37603?cid=rss-fullfeed-model_diplom
acy__interrogation-022916#!/

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat im Rahmen seines "Model Diplomacy"-Projekts eine interaktive Karte mit Ländern, die mit der CIA bei der Entführung und den Verhören von Terrorverdächtigen kooperiert haben, ins Netz gestellt.

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25.02.2016

"Model Diplomacy"

https://modeldiplomacy.cfr.org/#/

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat ein interaktives Programm ins Netz gestellt, das mit Hilfe diplomatischer Rollenspiele demonstrieren soll, vor welchen Herausforderungen die US-Außenpolitik in einer zunehmend vernetzten Welt stehe. "Model Diplomacy in Action - How can you bring hypothetical scenarios based on real issues to life in your classroom? Watch this video to see how students gain knowledge, build skills, and broaden perspectives with the most comprehensive simulation available."

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27.11.2015

"Central America’s Violent Northern Triangle"

http://www.cfr.org/transnational-crime/central-americas-violent-northern-triangle/p37286?

Zehntausende Menschen sind Danielle Renwick zufolge in den letzten Jahren aus El Salavador, Guatemala und Honduras in die USA geflüchtet. Die drei Länder des zentralamerikanischen "Nördlichen Dreiecks" gehörten zu den gewalttätigsten der Welt. "Nearly 10 percent of the Northern Triangle countries’ thirty million residents have left, mostly for the United States. In 2013, as many as 2.7 million people born in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras were living in the United States, up from an estimated 1.5 million people in 2000. An estimated eighty thousand unaccompanied minors arrived to the United States from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras between October 2013 and July 2015, drawing attention to the region’s broader emigration trend."

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28.10.2015

"Decision Time for Polarized Turkey"

http://www.cfr.org/turkey/decision-time-polarized-turkey/p37187?cid=rss-fullfeed-decision_time_for_polari
zed_tu-102815

Zachary Laub hat mit Gonul Tol, Direktorin des Center for Turkish Studies am Middle East Institute in Washington, über die vorgezogenen Neuwahlen in der Türkei gesprochen. Tol glaubt nicht, dass Präsident Erdogan sein Ziel einer absoluten AKP-Mehrheit im Parlament erreichen wird. Neuer Königsmacher könnte die nationalistische MHP werden, die den Friedensprozess mit den Kurden beenden wolle. "The MHP is the AKP’s most natural coalition partner, yet [after the June vote,] Bahceli refused to enter into a coalition with the AKP without its demands met. So this time around, it all depends on how much the MHP loses on November 1. There has been a lot of criticism from Bahceli’s own base because he came across as a leader who was not interested in governing, which alienated a portion of his constituency. If he loses enough votes, the MHP leader might be more willing to form a coalition with the AKP. But it will take a lot of bargaining."

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12.08.2015

"One-Year Anniversary of Operation Inherent Resolve"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2015/08/12/one-year-anniversary-of-operation-inherent-resolve/

Ein Jahr nach Beginn des amerikanischen Luftkrieges gegen den "Islamischen Staat" in Irak und Syrien zieht Micah Zenko vom Council on Foreign Relations ein Zwischenfazit. "Some U.S. military officials consistently claim that the Islamic State is losing because 'they’re defending more than they’re on the offensive. Their attacks are smaller, they are more focused, and they’re less enduring,' as Brig. Gen. Kevin Killea, chief of staff of the Combined Joint Task Force – OIR, described it on July 31. (...) The one thing that has certainly been achieved, which is unsurprising given the nearly four hundred strike aircraft involved and benign air defense environment, is a tremendous number of suspected fighters have been killed (12,000 by the last estimate provided in May) and their assorted equipment and fighting positions have been destroyed (10,684, according to the Pentagon)."

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Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror

Terror

Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

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