US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Council on Foreign Relations


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29.07.2015

"A Violent Uprising in the West Bank"

http://www.cfr.org/palestine/violent-uprising-west-bank/p36842?cid=rss-fullfeed-a_violent_uprising_in_the
_west-072815

Steven Simon erläutert in seinem Papier für den Council on Foreign Relations, warum eine gewaltsame Rebellion der Palästinenser im Westjordanland gegen die israelische Besatzung wahrscheinlicher geworden sei. "Violence could be ignited in various ways and escalate rapidly, further shrinking the space for a two-state solution and complicating U.S. efforts on other regional challenges. It would also necessitate humanitarian and reconstruction assistance from already burdened allies. Moreover, a West Bank crisis could elicit punitive responses from Europe, possibly driving a wedge between the United States and its European allies, and enable unhelpful regional states, particularly Qatar and Turkey, to meddle. An uprising would also stress an already troubled U.S.-Israeli relationship and possibly increase congressional opposition to any nuclear deal with Tehran."

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02.07.2015

"Can UN Peacekeeping Enter The Digital Age?"

http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2015/07/02/can-un-peacekeeping-enter-the-digital-age/

David Fidler berichtet, dass UN-Friedensmissionen bislang auf den regelmäßigen Einsatz moderner digitaler Technologien verzichten müssen. Angesichts des schwierigen politischen Umfelds gebe es allerdings Zweifel an den Erfolgsaussichten kurzfristiger Reformen auf diesem Gebiet. "The overall peacekeeping reform agenda identifies many entrenched problems that do not arise from technological deficits, including the High-Level Independent Panel’s recommendations on preventing conflict, protecting civilians, achieving rapid deployment of peacekeepers, incorporating the input of women, and integrating human rights. In such an expansive, difficult agenda, reform proposals to upgrade peacekeeping technologies could be marginalized. In addition, technological empowerment of peacekeeping forces might raise political issues that could slow or block progress towards fielding digital peacekeepers."

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23.06.2015

"Washington's Egypt Dilemma"

http://www.cfr.org/egypt/washingtons-egypt-dilemma/p36720?

Zachary Laub hat sich mit Michele Dunne von der Carnegie Endowment for International Peace über die aktuelle Ägypten-Politik der US-Regierung unterhalten. Das Weiße Haus plane offenbar, die milliardenschwere Unterstützung des ägyptischen Militärs trotz der Menschenrechtsverletzungen des Regimes fortzusetzen. Dunne plädiert dagegen dafür, mit dem Geld wirtschaftliche Hilfsprogramme für die ägyptische Bevölkerung zu finanzieren. "While the United States doesn't control all the levers, it has to make decisions about what it says in public and private and whether it thinks steps the Egyptian government is taking are leading toward or away from stability. The United States could, for example, rebalance this relationship by puting more support toward the welfare of the Egyptian people through programs such as educational scholarships and less toward the army. And it should speak up persistently about human rights abuses; silence on this score, while giving more than a billion in military assistance, signals endorsement of repression."

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11.06.2015

"Deepening the U.S. Military Commitment in Iraq"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2015/06/11/deepening-the-u-s-military-commitment-in-iraq/?cid=otr-partner_site
-atlantic-zenko_iraq

Mit der Entsendung zusätzlicher Militärberater in den Irak riskiere die US-Regierung, trotz gegenteiliger Beteuerungen durch Präsident Obama in den Konflikt hineingezogen zu werden, warnt Micah Zenko vom Council on Foreign Relations. Zenko weist zudem darauf hin, dass außer den US-Soldaten auch immer mehr Angehörige privater Sicherheitsunternehmen in den Irak gingen. "(...) the White House has been announcing troop deployments, with varying justifications and objectives, for over a year now. If you are one of the few people truly interested in how the United States has gradually slid into this open-ended conflict, with little public debate, and zero congressional input, it is worthwhile to review some of the notable milestones along the way. (...) Naturally, none of the White House or Pentagon proclamations about U.S. troops going to Iraq ever mention the contractors that go with them, because officials want to maintain the impression of a more limited U.S. military footprint and commitment. Yet, between June 2014 and today, the number of private military contractors has grown from between an estimated 1,700 to fully 6,300."

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11.05.2015

"In New Report Card, Heads of Global Think Tanks Give Poor Grades to International Efforts to Tackle Pressing Problems"

http://www.cfr.org/global-governance/new-report-card-heads-global-think-tanks-give-poor-grades-internatio
nal-efforts-tackle-pressing-problems/p36526

Der Council on Foreign Relations hat einen Bericht veröffentlicht, in dem zahlreiche internationale Thinktanks zu dem Schluss kommen, dass die internationale Kooperation heute in vielen Bereichen zu wünschen übrig lasse. "The survey asked heads of member think tanks to evaluate international efforts on ten of the most important issues in 2014: the global economy, nuclear nonproliferation, climate change, development, global health, trade, cyber governance, transnational terrorism, and both interstate and intrastate, i.e., internal, conflict. Global cooperation on eight of the ten issues received mediocre grades C- or C+. 'Every era is characterized by a dominant threat to order, and for this era it comes from challenges that are global by nature,' said CFR President Richard N. Haass. 'This report card identifies the areas in which cooperation is most needed and can produce the greatest results.'"

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27.04.2015

"Obama’s Drone Strikes Reforms Don’t Apply to 46 Percent"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2015/04/27/obama-drone-strikes-reforms-do-not-apply-to-46-percent/

US-Präsident Obama habe schon 2013 versprochen, neue Richtlinien für amerikanische Drohnenschläge im Ausland einzuführen, schreibt Micah Zenko vom Council on Foreign Relations. CIA-Angriffe gegen angebliche Bedrohungen seien allerdings bereits damals ausgenommen worden, auch wenn Politiker wie Außenminister Kerry dies in der Öffentlichkeit immer wieder anders dargestellt hätten. "Since May 23, 2013, the United States has conducted an estimated total of 96 drone strikes, killing 578 people, 26 of whom were civilians. In Pakistan alone, 44 drone strikes have killed 265 people, including 1 civilian. Therefore, the policy guidance issued in May 2013 has not applied to 46 percent of all drone strikes and 46 percent of all victims."

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21.11.2014

"America’s 500th Drone Strike"

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2014/11/21/americas-500th-drone-strike/

Die vor dem 11. September 2001 verpönte Taktik gezielter Tötungen sei in den USA heute nicht nur gängige Praxis, sondern auch außerordentlich populär, schreibt Micah Zenko vom Council on Foreign Relations. Zenko präsentiert eine detaillierte Aufstellung der bekannten gezielten Drohnenschläge. "Today, these strikes are broadly popular with the public and totally uncontroversial in Washington, both within the executive branch and on Capitol Hill. Therefore, it is easy to forget that this tactic, envisioned to be rare and used exclusively for senior al-Qaeda leaders thirteen years ago, has become a completely accepted and routine foreign policy activity. (...) As of today, the United States has now conducted 500 targeted killings (approximately 98 percent of them with drones), which have killed an estimated 3,674 people, including 473 civilians. Fifty of these were authorized by President George W. Bush, 450 and counting by President Obama. Noticeably, these targeted killings have not diminished the size of the targeted groups according to the State Department’s own numbers."

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15.07.2014

"The Sunni-Shia Divide"

http://www.cfr.org/peace-conflict-and-human-rights/sunni-shia-divide/p33176?cid=rss-fullfeed-the_sunni_sh
ia_divide-071514#!/

Anlässlich des Aufstiegs der sunnitischen ISIS in Syrien und Irak haben Experten des Council on Foreign Relations ein neues Dossier über die Geschichte und die Hintergründe der Spaltung zwischen islamischen Sunniten und Schiiten zusammengestellt. "Islam’s schism, simmering for fourteen centuries, doesn’t explain all the political, economic, and geostrategic factors involved in these conflicts, but it has become one prism by which to understand the underlying tensions. Two countries that compete for the leadership of Islam, Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shia Iran, have used the sectarian divide to further their ambitions. How their rivalry is settled will likely shape the political balance between Sunnis and Shias and the future of the region, especially in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Bahrain."

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02.07.2014

"Obama's Armed Drones in Iraq Reek of Mission Creep"

http://www.cfr.org/drones/obamas-armed-drones-iraq-reek-mission-creep/p33200?cid=rss-fullfeed-obama_s_arm
ed_drones_in_iraq_r-063014

Nach der Entsendung von Kampfdrohnen in den Irak fürchtet Micah Zenko, dass die USA in den drohenden Bürgerkrieg im Nahen Osten hineingezogen werden könnten. "Why the administration’s muddy logic for intervention on behalf of a deeply unpopular central government will get America engaged in a Middle Eastern civil war."

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19.06.2014

"The EU Offers a Model for Unifying the Middle East"

http://www.cfr.org/middle-east-and-north-africa/eu-offers-model-unifying-middle-east/p33156?cid=rss-fullf
eed-the_eu_offers_a_model_for_unif-061914

Ed Husain wirft trotz der aktuellen Konflikte in der Region einen Blick in die Zukunft des Nahen Ostens und sieht in der Europäischen Union ein mögliches Modell der Kooperation. "Just as a warring continent found peace through unity by creating what became the EU, Arabs, Turks, Kurds and other groups in the region could find relative peace in ever closer union. After all, most of its problems – terrorism, poverty, unemployment, sectarianism, refugee crises, water shortages – require regional answers. No country can solve its problems on its own. (...) Anyone familiar with Middle Eastern business meetings or negotiations can testify that the presence of Europeans or Americans in a room changes behaviour. There is an impulse to be seen as equals that creates action from stagnation. The EU and the US are unions that understand the challenges of creating political unity. Knowhow and bureaucratic experience should be lent to the many voices in the region who want greater integration."

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05.05.2014

"Ukraine Crisis Tests Uneasy U.S.-Germany Alliance"

http://www.cfr.org/germany/ukraine-crisis-tests-uneasy-us-germany-alliance/p32930?cid=rss-fullfeed-ukrain
e_crisis_tests_uneasy_u.-050514

Bernard Gwertzman hat sich mit William Drozdiak vom American Council on Germany über den Einfluss der Ukraine-Krise auf die durch den NSA-Skandal belasteten deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen unterhalten. "Drozdiak (...) says that controversial U.S. surveillance practices will remain a bone of contention between the two nations 'for the foreseeable future,' but says the Obama administration is keen to keep Germany, Russia's largest European trade partner, in its corner as it campaigns for broader sanctions against the Kremlin."

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31.03.2014

"The Emerging Arctic"

http://www.cfr.org/arctic/emerging-arctic/p32620#!/

Der Council on Foreign Relations mit einem informativen Dossier über den bereits laufenden internationalen Konkurrenzkampf um die Kontrolle der infolge des Klimawandels schmelzenden Arktis. "Many forecast Arctic summers will be free of ice in a matter of decades, potentially opening the region up to hundreds of billions of dollars in investment, including energy production, shipping, and fishing. The thaw will also pose new security demands as greater human activity induces states to increase their military and constabulary presence. While most experts dismiss the prospects for armed aggression in the Arctic, some defense analysts and academics assert that territorial disputes and a competition for resources have primed the Arctic for a new Cold War."

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14.03.2014

"The European Union's Eastern Partnership"

http://www.cfr.org/europe/european-unions-eastern-partnership/p32577

Jeanne Park stellt das "Eastern Partnership Co-operation and Integration Programme" (EaPIC) vor, mit dem die EU seit 2009 ihre Kooperation mit der Ukraine und fünf weiteren osteuropäischen Ländern fördern möchte. "The most recent crisis in Ukraine has called the initiative into question after the EaP's failed efforts to reach an association agreement with Ukraine last fall precipitated protests, a change in government, and a Russian military intervention. The EU has also been faulted for its approach to EaP trade negotiations, which, critics say, offered Ukraine limited incentives while polarizing its relations with Moscow. Many Western policymakers have called for EU officials to work more closely with Russia on future deals to avoid exacerbating the bitter divisions caused by its expanding political and economic ties."

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11.03.2014

"Can the OSCE Defuse Ukrainian Tensions?"

http://www.cfr.org/ukraine/can-osce-defuse-ukrainian-tensions/p32564?cid=rss-fullfeed-can_the_osce_defuse
_ukrainian_-031114

Bei der diplomatischen Lösung der Krise in der Ukraine könnte die fast vergessene OSZE erneut ins Rampenlicht treten, erläutert Richard Gowan vom NYU Center on International Cooperation in diesem Interview. "Putin's resolve may weaken if the Russian economy continues to take a beating, or the EU threatens more effective sanctions. If Moscow starts to wilt under this pressure, Putin may look for a way out, probably including a hazy compromise over exactly who owns Crimea. That scenario, should it transpire, will need to be monitored through some sort of institutional framework. The OSCE is probably best placed to manage such a mechanism if and when it becomes possible. Russia simply can't accept an EU- or NATO-led political deal out of pride. The UN is a potential alternative, but Western diplomats have learned to their cost vis-a-vis Syria that Russia can exploit its position in the Security Council very effectively."

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