US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The New Yorker


suche-links1 2 3 4suche-rechts


"U.S. Retaliation for the Kabul Bombing Won't Stop ISIS or End Terrorism"

Robin Wright argumentiert: Vergeltungsschläge von den USA für den Bombenanschlag am vergangenen Donnerstag in Kabul, bei dem 13 US-Soldatinnen und Soldaten ums Leben gekommen sind, werden den sogenannten "Islamischen Staat" nicht stoppen. "The United States may indeed manage to kill more ISIS-K [Islamic State Khorasan Province] fighters and destroy some of their modest arsenal. But the central flaw in U.S. strategy is the belief that military force can eradicate extremist groups or radical ideologies. (…) ISIS-K may pay a physical price for its brazen attack, but it scored political and psychological points among Sunni Muslim extremists and wannabe militants that will make it more popular in the world of jihadism. It could even come out ahead of where it was, experts warn."

Mehr lesen


"Iran Inaugurates a President Tied to a Massacre"

Iran vereidigt einen Präsidenten, an dessen Händen Blut klebe, kommentiert Robin Wright. "One of the four men on the so-called death commission in Tehran Province was Ebrahim Raisi, who is being inaugurated this week as Iran's eighth President. (…) Instead of being investigated for a litany of abuses, Raisi is taking over the highest elected office in a country that is now the hegemon in the Middle East. (…) Human-rights activists fear how the new government, facing a precarious future, will treat its people."

Mehr lesen


"Vienna Is the New Havana Syndrome Hot Spot"

Etwa zwei Dutzend US-Geheimdienstangehörige, Diplomatinnen und Diplomaten sowie andere amerikanische Regierungsangestellte in Wien hätten inzwischen mysteriöse gesundheitliche Beschwerden gemeldet, die dem sogenannten "Havanna-Syndrom" ähneln sollen, erläutert Adam Entous. "The Havana Syndrome derives its name from the Cuban capital, where C.I.A. officers and State Department employees first reported experiencing strange sensations of sound and pressure in their heads in 2016 and 2017. (…) Senior officials in the Trump and Biden Administrations suspect that the Russians are responsible for the syndrome. Their working hypothesis is that operatives working for the G.R.U., the Russian military-intelligence service, have been aiming microwave-radiation devices at U.S. officials, possibly to steal data from their computers or smartphones, which inflicted serious harm on the people they targeted."

Mehr lesen


"Will Biden's Iran Diplomacy Become a Shakespearean Tragedy?"

Iran und die Vereinigten Staaten wollten beide zum Atomabkommen von 2015 zurückkehren, doch innenpolitische Zwänge behinderten die Regierungen beider Länder, erörtert Robin Wright: "Pressure is sure to mount further. Whatever the intentions of either Washington or Tehran, diplomacy is not getting off to a good start. The danger over time is that it will devolve into a Shakespearean tragedy."

Mehr lesen


"Joe Biden Will Have to Address the War in Afghanistan — Again"

Steve Coll stellt Überlegungen über den Afghanistan-Kurs des neuen US-Präsidenten Joe Biden an. "(…) Biden will inherit a fragile mess, one that comes with an important deadline in May. That is when, according to the agreement, all American troops are supposed to have departed, in exchange for Taliban guarantees to prevent Al Qaeda and other international terrorist groups from operating in Afghanistan. But the conditions that some had hoped might prevail in the country by now — greatly reduced violence, progress in establishing a new political order — have not materialized. (…) A second Taliban revolution would crush Afghanistan’s working women, globalized urbanites, and assorted democracy dreamers. These Afghans grew up mainly in cell-phone-networked cities enlivened by revived culture and sports, bankrolled by international aid, and ringed by nato forces; they are, in some important sense, our moral and political allies in the Doha negotiations. Biden’s dilemma is that he has no easy way to protect them but, presumably, no desire to abandon them."

Mehr lesen


"Why the Assassination of a Scientist Will Have No Impact on Iran’s Nuclear Program"

Robin Wright bezweifelt, dass der Tod des iranischen Wissenschaftlers Mohsen Fakhrizadeh das Atomprogramm Teherans tatsächlich bremsen wird. "The glaring irony of the sensational operation is that it will probably have a negligible impact on Iran’s nuclear program. 'No individual is crucial in a nuclear program like this anymore,' Bruce Riedel, a former senior U.S. official who served in the National Security Council, the C.I.A., and the Pentagon, and who is now at the Brookings Institution, told me. 'The Iranians mastered that technology twenty years ago. This guy was important, no question, but he was not crucial to it. Nobody is crucial to it anymore. That’s why describing this as a devastating blow is nonsense.'"

Mehr lesen


"Is Russian Meddling as Dangerous as We Think?"

In der Debatte über eine mögliche russische Beeinflussung der US-Wahlen im November sollte der Fokus nach Ansicht von Joshua Yaffa nicht auf russische Taktiken, sondern auf die eigenen Schwächen gerichtet werden. "The challenge in making sense of disinformation operations is disentangling intent from impact. Prigozhin’s trolls may have aspired to distort American politics and upend American society, but to what extent did they succeed? The 2016 theft of Democratic National Committee e-mails by Russian military-intelligence hackers, and their subsequent dissemination via WikiLeaks, seem to have had an effect on the electorate, even if that effect is hard to measure. (…) In many cases, the media response to Russian accounts has the effect of magnifying their reach far beyond anything they could achieve by themselves. One tweet cited by the Times in April has amassed a grand total of one retweet and two likes. As [Aric Toler, a researcher at Bellingcat,] put it, 'The tiny whimper of disinformation is transformed into something far louder and more dangerous.' And instilling that sense of danger is precisely the goal of disinformation."

Mehr lesen


"What Navalny’s Poisoning Really Says About the Current State of Putin’s Russia"

Spekulationen darüber, ob Präsident Putin die mutmaßliche Vergiftung des Oppositionspolitikers Alexej Nawalny angeordnet habe, übersehen nach Ansicht von Joshua Yaffa die wichtigere Frage nach dem heutigen Charakter des russischen Staates. "It’s possible that Putin may not have ordered or even known about many of these poisonings and assassinations ahead of time. He may even have been upset when they occurred. (…) This guessing game, though tempting, is not only unsolvable; it misses the insight that attacks like Nemtsov’s murder and Navalny’s poisoning really offer about Putin’s Russia — the most pernicious and terrifying fact is not whether Putin did or did not issue orders to his underlings to off perceived enemies but that anyone from the ruling circle can use the over-all dysfunction and impunity of Putin’s system to do so on their own. For those who are considered svoi, that is, one of ours, deadly force is effectively legalized. (…) Putin (…) is guilty even when he’s not, because after more than twenty years ruling over a highly personalized autocracy, the poisoning of opposition figures has become a terrifyingly normal aspect of the country’s political life, and there’s apparently nothing Putin cares to do about it, or can. That toxin has surfaced not for the first time and, certainly, not for the last."

Mehr lesen


"The Militias Against Masks"

In den USA werden die staatlichen Verhaltensregeln in der Coronakrise von vielen als "Vorwand für Tyrannei" betrachtet, schreibt Luke Mogelson in seiner Reportage für den New Yorker. Dies spiegle sich in den hohen Absatzzahlen der Waffenindustrie und im Aufstieg bewaffneter Milizen wider. "Most militia members I met subscribed to a version of constitutional fundamentalism that is inseparable from their Christian faith. The only legitimate role of government, they believe, is the protection of individual liberties vouchsafed to humanity by God. Plenty of mainstream Republicans share this philosophy, and during the pandemic they have struggled to reconcile it with the need to manage a public-health catastrophe. In Michigan and elsewhere, some Republican politicians have adopted the position, often espoused by militias, that no scenario warrants infringing on divinely given rights. (…) According to a recent Brookings Institution analysis of American gun purchases, 'almost three million more firearms have been sold since March than would have ordinarily been sold.' Most of the people I met in Michigan, no matter their politics, had one thing in common: a diminished faith in the government as a reliable authority, whether to administer justice or to keep its citizens safe and healthy."

Mehr lesen


"After Twin Explosions, an 'Apocalypse' in Lebanon"

Libanon befinde sich nach der Explosion in Beirut in einer "existenziellen Krise", berichtet Robin Wright. "Lebanon now faces existential challenges. The blasts destroyed office buildings and apartment blocks across the capital as well as its largest port, which is critical to the trade and imports on which Lebanon is dependent. One governor estimated that more than a quarter million were left homeless, compounding the challenges of absorbing hundreds of thousands of Syrian war refugees in a country of fewer than seven million. (…) The blasts could not have come at a worse time for the country. They may mark the end of modern Lebanon as we know it. The physical signs are everywhere: once famed for its robust night life and rich cultural outlets, Beirut recently has had no electricity for up to twenty hours a day. Rescue efforts were hampered by the power outages. Rancid garbage lines streets and fills open spaces, owing to squabbling among political factions over which of their allies should get the contract to collect it. Potable water is often in short supply."

Mehr lesen


"Fury at America and Its Values Spreads Globally."

Robin Wright meint, dass sich die globale Empörung über den Fall George Floyd nicht nur gegen die Verantwortlichen, sondern gegen die amerikanischen Werte richte. "The fury at America — so deep that protesters risked infection by the deadly coronavirus pathogen — is partly a reaction to three years of pent-up frustration with the Trump Administration. (…) But the disillusionment goes deeper now. (…) The protests reflect a broader global despair about the failure of the American experiment — and what that means for the rest of the world. 'People all over the world understand that their own fights for human rights, for equality and fairness, will become so much more difficult to win if we are going to lose America as the place where ‘I have a dream’ is a real and universal political program,' Wolfgang Ischinger, the former German Ambassador to Washington and the current chairman of the Munich Security Conference, told me."

Mehr lesen


"Pandemics Go Hand in Hand with Conspiracy Theories"

Frederick Kaufman erinnert daran, dass Pandemien in der amerikanischen Geschichte immer mit der Popularisierung von Verschwörungstheorien verbunden gewesen seien. "When medical systems fail, so do logic and reason, clearing a path for contagions of fear and blame. The Illuminati panic, exploding in a country battered by a covert enemy, which experts could neither explain nor contain, brought to the fore a theme that historians would later call the 'paranoid style' of American politics. It endures, from Pizzagate to the Deep State to Fake News, and presently flourishes amid the chaos brought on by covid-19. (…) Out of work, out of sorts, and armed with nothing but digital media in the struggle against seas of uncertainty, solitary thinkers have time to imagine all sorts of scenarios. Distrust accrues in quarantine, perhaps for good reason: our most intimate home — our metabolism — has turned into a potential subversive. Our own bodies can betray us, unknowingly becoming the sources of contagion. America had to wait until 1901 for an Army physician named Walter Reed to demonstrate that yellow fever came from a mosquito bite, and a vaccine did not appear until 1937. Medicine remains a battle against the unknown — and fertile ground for writers of all stripes to infect readers with fear."

Mehr lesen


"Can the Middle East Recover from the Coronavirus and Collapsing Oil Prices?"

Die Coronakrise und die fallenden Ölpreise hätten den Nahen Osten schwer erschüttert, schreibt Robin Wright. "The twin crises of sickness and sliding oil prices coincided with rumbling instability: three ongoing civil wars — lasting for five years in Yemen, six years in Libya, and nine years in Syria — plus months of deadly protests in Iraq; the implosion of Lebanon’s monetary system; the third Israeli election in a year; the presence of millions of refugees and displaced people in rudimentary camps in Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon; and the resurgence of suicide attacks and assassinations by isis. With the exception of Israel, most Middle Eastern countries don’t have the medical staff, hospitals, and equipment necessary to provide adequate care during a pandemic, nor the financial resources to bail out their economies. The crises have set the stage for the Middle East to become even more volatile. (…) If leaders were wise, Salem posited, they could cut back on defense spending, end direct or indirect involvement in wars, and focus instead on issues of health and public welfare. The waves of protests before the pandemic proved the Middle East is indeed ripe — even overripe — for change. But given the region’s long history of dictators, warlords, militias, and corrupt élites, prospects seem dim. And that does not bode well for the Middle East’s post-pandemic future."

Mehr lesen


"Seoul’s Radical Experiment in Digital Contact Tracing"

Max S. Kim stellt in dieser Reportage aus Seoul das "radikale" digitale Überwachungsprogramm vor, mit dem die südkoreanische Regierung die Ausbreitung von COVID-19 eindämmen möchte. "When a patient tests positive here, Kim’s team retraces their movements based on their oral testimony, and then combs through relevant C.C.T.V. footage in order to locate others who might have been exposed. Restaurants, where people must take their masks off to eat, are the most common sites of exposure. (…) Behind this model of contact tracing is a vast surveillance apparatus expressly designed for such outbreak scenarios. Under South Korea’s Infectious Disease Control and Prevention Act, health authorities, with the approval of the police and other supervising agencies, can make use of cell-phone G.P.S. data, credit-card payment information, and travel and medical records. (…) Although some had anticipated a backlash to such sweeping electronic surveillance, public outrage has been nearly nonexistent. According to Kim Min-ho, a law professor and one of the country’s human-rights commissioners, this is because these measures can be used only in the context of disease outbreaks, making it impossible for them to be co-opted for, say, anti-terrorism campaigns."

Mehr lesen


"Dressing for the Surveillance Age"


John Seabrook hat für seine Reportage Experten besucht, die auf die allgegenwärtigen Überwachungskameras in großen Städten mit der Entwicklung von "stealth streetwear" zum Schutz der Anonymität im öffentlichen Raum reagieren wollen. "When you come from a small town, as I do, where everyone knows your face, public anonymity — the ability to disappear into a crowd — is one of the great pleasures of city living. As cities become surveillance centers, packed with cameras that always see, public anonymity could vanish. Is there anything fashion can do?"

Mehr lesen


"Coronavirus Is Causing Panic but Not Lawlessness"

Die gesellschaftliche Reaktion auf die schnelle und scheinbar unaufhaltsame Ausbreitung des Coronavirus werde von zunehmender "Panik", aber nicht von einem Zusammenbruch der öffentlichen Ordnung begleitet, stellt Robin Wright fest. "Baruch Fischhoff, a psychologist at Carnegie Mellon University and a former president of the Society for Risk Analysis, said that panic comes in three forms, only one of which applies to the range of reactions to the coronavirus crisis. The most basic form is feeling panicky, which most people feel at some time, Fischhoff said. It’s bad for quality of life, but it’s not associated with specific behavior; most people feel it at some point but don’t act on it. The second type of panic is allowing stress to overcome normal, reasoned responses. But it, too, is fairly rare, research shows. Most people don’t lose control of themselves. 'The idea of mass panic — people running in the streets and abandoning normal behavior — is the myth of panic,' Fischhoff said. 'That’s the kind of panic you see more in movies than in everyday life. In fact, most people band together.' (…) The third kind of panic is the type witnessed — among people in widely diverse societies — since the outbreak of the coronavirus. It includes panic buying and hoarding. (…) panic buying also reflects a lack of faith in government. 'If you don’t believe that the people whose job it is — whether elected or appointed — to manage a crisis or take care of everyone in a difficult situation, then you think it’s everyone for themselves,' Fischhoff said. That behavior may be ill-informed, but it’s still a reasoned response."

Mehr lesen


"Qassem Suleimani and how nations decide to Kill"

Adam Entous und Evan Osnos haben sich in ihrem Essay mit den Hintergründen der gezielten Tötung des iranischen Generals Suleimani im Kontext der langen Geschichte staatlicher Attentate beschäftigt. "As a tool of statecraft, assassination has had a fluctuating reputation. In contrast to plainly political murders — from Caesar to Lincoln to Trotsky — killing a person in the name of national defense rests on a moral and strategic case. (…) In the twentieth century, however, nation-states embraced lethal operations. During the Second World War, British spies trained Czechoslovakian agents to kill the Nazi general Reinhard Heydrich, and many governments — Soviet, British, and American among them — plotted, in vain, to kill Adolf Hitler. (…) the terrorist attacks of September 11th inaugurated a new phase in America’s relationship with lethal action, as President Bush permitted the use of unmanned drones, raids by commandos, and cruise-missile strikes far outside recognized war zones. (…) By the end of Obama’s second term, after fifteen years of drone attacks, Americans no longer paid much attention to them. In polls, a large majority of Americans say they support targeted killings; in most other countries, the majority is firmly against them. According to the New America Foundation, in the past three years Trump has launched at least two hundred and sixty-two attacks: an increase, on an annual basis, of twenty per cent."

Mehr lesen


"Netanyahu, Putin, and the Politics of Memory at the World Holocaust Forum"

Bernard Avishai berichtet über die politischen Auftritte während der Feierlichkeiten zum 75. Jahrestag der Befreiung des Konzentrationslagers Auschwitz am vergangenen Donnerstag beim World Holocaust Forum in Jerusalem. "'I have never seen a time when European governments are so quiescent with regard to the Netanyahu government — so willing to accommodate its uses of the Holocaust,' Amos Goldberg, an expert on Holocaust history and a professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, told me. He added, 'The Israeli, Polish, and Russian governments, all custodians of grim histories, are also reactionary populists — all using memory to make their nations dangerously self-justifying. For Israel, this means insisting that Polish anti-Semitism is endemic; for Poland, it means seeing Polish anti-Semitism as episodic. But this is not a real fight over history. It is a rival 'memory' in the service of a similar politics.'"

Mehr lesen


"The Anger and Anguish Fuelling Iran’s Protests"

Robin Wright betrachtet die Proteste tausender Demonstranten gegen die iranische Führung als politische Kehrseite der vorhergehenden Massenproteste nach dem Tod von General Suleimani. "The protests have been a stunning contrast to the emotional outpouring by millions of demonstrators, just a week ago, at memorials for General Qassem Suleimani. (…) Iran is a society deeply polarized between those who hate the regime and those still loyal to its rigid revolutionary ideology. The back-to-back outpourings are not a contradiction. Iranians are passionately proud of their country — which dates back millennia, before Persia’s seventh-century conversion to Islam or the 1979 Iranian Revolution — whether or not they like their leaders or political system. (…) Suleimani, beyond his support among the regime’s hard-line base, was admired by many Iranians for protecting the country as well as the Revolution. But the shooting down of the Ukrainian flight, further defaming Iran’s already deeply tarnished image, also struck a nationalist nerve."

Mehr lesen


"How Anti-Semitism Rises on the Left and Right"

Isaac Chotiner hat sich mit dem Antisemitismus-Experten David Nirenberg von der Divinity School der University of Chicago über die zunehmenden Vorurteile und gewaltsamen Übergriffe gegen Juden unterhalten. "Yeah, it does feel to me like we are in an era worth defining in terms of anti-Semitism or anti-Judaism, by which I mean we are in an era where many different societies are reviving ways of explaining the complexity of the world in terms of the dangers posed by Judaism or Jews. (…) I wouldn’t draw a distinction between a Muslim in Paris who suffers all kinds of discrimination at the hands of the French state, but who enacts his rage first and foremost against a Jewish target, and a white nationalist or a black nationalist or a left-Labour politician in England. I think all of them — to the degree that they are explaining what needs to be overcome in their world in terms of overcoming the Jews — are participating in a similar kind of thought. I do think what is very dangerous for us today is if, on the right, we think that only the left is anti-Semitic because of the critique of Israel, and if, on the left, you think that only the right is anti-Semitic because of white nationalism — and I am speaking as someone whose face has been put up on white-nationalist Web sites as an enemy of the white race. I do feel there is a danger there. But I think the real danger is imagining that it is only the other where anti-Judaism is doing its work and thereby not being able to see it in your own affinity group."

Mehr lesen


"What Do Lula’s Release and Morales’s Ouster Signal for Latin America?"

Lateinamerika hat in nur wenigen Tagen sowohl den Rücktritt von Boliviens Präsident Morales als auch die Freilassung des brasilianischen Ex-Präsidenten Lula erlebt. Jon Lee Anderson analysiert vor diesem Hintergrund den aktuellen Zustand der Demokratie auf dem Kontinent. "While the consequences of neither Lula’s release nor Morales’s ouster can yet be fully understood, it’s clear that, while the far right appears to be gaining strength again in Latin America, as it is in Europe, the left can’t be completely discounted. And neither can the military, which largely retreated to the barracks a generation ago, in the post-Cold War restoration of democracy across the continent, but in some countries has lately begun, if not to seize power outright, then to assume the role of institutional arbiter. (…) Yet signs of a new levelheadness, or perhaps of fairness, are beginning to emerge. Lula’s release demonstrated a refreshing independence on the part of the Brazilian Supreme Court and seemed to offer a belated counter to the politically and ethically tarnished judiciary that had convicted him. In Chile, an effort is building to amend the constitution, which was rewritten during the dictatorship of the late general Augusto Pinochet, and has been little modified since then. And the Organization of American States, or O.A.S., a multilateral body long repudiated by the left as an overly U.S.-influenced institution, may have resurrected its viability as a more balanced regional player, after Morales agreed to settle his disputed reelection by authorizing it to carry out an independent investigation. (…) Morales accepted that verdict and announced that new elections would be held — only to be told by the military that he should go. And he did leave. It was not a good ending for anyone."

Mehr lesen


"The Hostage Drama in Iran Drags On — Forty Years Later"

40 Jahre nach dem Beginn der Geiselkrise von Teheran, bei der 52 US-Diplomaten vom 4. November 1979 bis zum 20. Januar 1981 festgehalten wurden, erinnert Robin Wright an den Vorfall, der die Beziehungen beider Länder bis heute prägt. "On Friday, in the run-up to the fortieth anniversary of the storming of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, a prominent Iranian cleric called on Iraqis to seize the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad. (…) Speaking for the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Saidi urged Iraqis to do as the Iranians had forty years ago. 'Right now, the only way for salvation, healing, and release from the American strife in Iraq is for the Iraqi people to draw the lesson from the successful experience of Islamic Iran' — and take over the American Embassy there. The crowd responded with chants of 'Allahu akbar!' ('God is great!') and 'Death to America! Death to England! Death to the hypocrites and the infidels!' It was the same rallying cry invoked by students when they seized the American Embassy in Tehran four decades ago. All these years later, nothing seems to have changed. And it’s hard to see that it will."

Mehr lesen


"The Making of Lebanon’s October Revolution"

Helen Sullivan erläutert die ökonomischen Ursachen der "Oktober-Revolution" in Libanon, die bereits zum Rücktritt von Premierminister Hariri geführt hat. "Months before the protests started, Lebanon was already 'deep inside an economic crisis,' Bassel Salloukh, a professor of political science at the Lebanese American University, in Beirut, told me. Its economy grew just 0.2% in 2018, and its public-debt burden is the third highest in the world. In January, the credit-ranking agency Moody’s downgraded Lebanon’s status to junk. Unemployment had reached twenty per cent, with youth unemployment at thirty per cent, according to a report released on October 17th by the International Monetary Fund. The report also notes 'a high level of corruption in Lebanon' and lists 'the government’s failure to achieve its fiscal targets and advance reforms; political infighting; and social tensions' as a risk with a 'high likelihood' of occurring."

Mehr lesen


"How John Bolton Got the Better of President Trump"

In seiner recht positiven Bestandsaufnahme der Amtszeit des entlassenen Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters hält Dexter Filkins es für einen Glücksfall, dass John Bolton sich in drei außenpolitischen Fällen erfolgreich gegen den US-Präsidenten durchsetzen konnte. "Someone has to contain [Trump]. My sense was that Bolton understood this from the start (...) A case in point: Trump favored direct negotiations with Kim Jong Un, North Korea’s erratic chieftain (...). Bolton told his aides to support the President, but he made it clear that he believed the strategy was a bad idea. No deal emerged. Another: Trump seems determined to take all remaining American troops out of Afghanistan, and he appointed a special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, to make a deal with the Taliban. (...) Bolton opposed all of it. And now the deal appears dead. And a third: At Bolton’s urging, Trump withdrew from the deal, forged by the Obama Administration, to restrain Iran’s nuclear-weapons program. But the President was clearly confused about what to do next. Bolton and the others around him wanted to crush the Iranian economy, launch air strikes, and provoke a confrontation. Trump felt uncomfortable with Bolton’s aggressive posture and appeared to long for a chance to do a deal; in 2017, before appointing Bolton, he sent eight invitations, including a dinner request, to the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani. But no deal has happened. (...) on these three crucial issues, Bolton was able to get the better of Trump. Not all of the outcomes were the direct result of his actions, but his views mostly prevailed."

Mehr lesen


"The Moral Logic of Humanitarian Intervention"

In der Amtszeit von Barack Obama war Samantha Power als Beraterin und UN-Botschafterin des US-Präsidenten tätig. Dexter Filkins schreibt, dass die frühere Aktivistin in dieser Zeit konsequent ihrem Verständnis von humanitären Militärinterventionen gefolgt sei und entsprechende US-Einsätze in Syrien oder Libyen befürwortet habe. Allerdings habe sich schnell herausgestellt, dass wohlmeinende Motive oft katastrophale Folgen haben können, so Filkins. "Power advocated greater interference in countries’ internal affairs in defense of an unwavering principle of humanitarianism. 'Given the affront genocide represents to America’s most cherished values and to its interests, the United States must also be prepared to risk the lives of its soldiers in the service of stopping this monstrous crime,' she wrote. The book inspired a generation of activists, helping to establish the doctrine of 'responsibility to protect,' which held that the United States and other wealthy countries had an obligation to defend threatened populations around the world. (...) The biggest reason that memoirs from the Obama Administration tend to avoid lingering on humanitarian intervention is simply that the record provides little to brag about: a disaster in Libya and in Syria, and a quagmire in Afghanistan, where the prospects of millions of women, empowered by the removal of the Taliban, hang in the balance. (...) Could Obama have done more? In retrospect, the answer is always yes. Would the results look better? Knowing the answer would require, as Power said of the decision to intervene in Libya, a crystal ball."

Mehr lesen


"Are Spies More Trouble Than They’re Worth?"

Adam Gopnik stellt das Buch "The Secret World: A History of Intelligence" von Christopher Andrew vor, dessen komplexe und widersprüchliche Spionagegeschichten bei Gopnik Zweifel am Nutzen staatlicher Nachrichtendienste wecken. "There seems to be a paranoid paradox of espionage: the better your intelligence, the dumber your conduct; the more you know, the less you anticipate. Again and again, a reader of Andrew’s history finds that the countries with the keenest spies, the most thorough decryptions of enemy code, and the best flow of intelligence about their opponents have the most confounding fates. Hard-won information is ignored or wildly misinterpreted. It’s remarkably hard to find cases where a single stolen piece of information changed the course of a key battle."

Mehr lesen


"Trump Sanctions Iran’s Supreme Leader, but to What End?"

Die neuen Iran-Sanktionen der USA richten sich gegen den Obersten Religionsführer Ajatollah Chamenei. Robin Wright berichtet, dass Präsident Trump bei der Verkündung der Sanktionen kurz davor gestanden habe, formell einen Regimewechsel in Teheran zu fordern. Davon abgesehen schätzen Experten die wirtschaftlichen Folgen der Sanktionen eher gering ein. "Ironically, the punitive new measure may not have major economic impact — at least not to the degree that the Administration advertised. 'It’s a lot of hype, but it doesn’t mean much economically. It’s unlikely to have a damaging effect' on Iran beyond the sanctions that have already been imposed, Elizabeth Rosenberg, a former Treasury sanctions specialist who is now at the Center for a New American Security, told me. 'It’s in the realm of the symbolic.' (...) The main impact of the new sanctions may be political — diminishing rather than encouraging diplomacy or de-escalation. Pompeo said that Tehran 'knows how to reach us,' if it decides to 'meet our diplomacy with diplomacy.' But Tehran immediately rejected talks. At the United Nations, the Iranian Ambassador Majid Takht-Ravanchi told reporters that Tehran would not succumb to pressure."

Mehr lesen


"Charging Julian Assange Under the Espionage Act Is an Attack on the First Amendment"

Die US-Justizbehörden haben ihre Anklageschrift gegen Julian Assange erweitert und wollen den WikiLeaks-Gründer nun mit Hilfe des Spionagegesetzes von 1917 wegen der Veröffentlichung von Geheimmaterial belangen. Für viele Kommentatoren ist dies ein klarer Angriff auf die Pressefreiheit. Masha Gessen, die kaum Sympathien für Assange hegt, schreibt im New Yorker: "The use of the Espionage Act to prosecute Assange is an attack on the First Amendment. Carrie DeCell, an attorney with the Knight First Amendment Institute, summed up the threat in a Twitter thread on Thursday. 'The government argues that Assange violated the Espionage Act by soliciting, obtaining, and then publishing classified information,' she wrote. 'That’s exactly what good national security and investigative journalists do every day.' (...) Like many Trumpian attacks on democracy, this one is novel but rooted in a long devolution of American institutions — it is a leap, but from a running start. Government use of law against speech goes back at least to the George W. Bush Administration. Prosecutions ramped up under Barack Obama. Prosecutions, however, focussed on whistleblowers and leakers; journalists, who, like the Times reporter James Risen, could be called up as witnesses, were targeted indirectly. But journalism has not been collateral damage in this battle — it has been the target. The Trump Administration has made that clear by jumping the fence that the Obama Administration had merely approached and charging Assange, under the Espionage Act, for practices typical of journalists."

Mehr lesen


"Baghdadi Is Back — and Vows That ISIS Will Be, Too"

Nach fast fünf Jahren hat sich der Anführer des "Islamischen Staates", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, wieder in einem Video an die Öffentlichkeit gewandt. Robin Wright hat einige Experten zur Bedeutung des Videos befragt. "'Baghdadi’s survival despite a massive manhunt and the successful military campaign is impressive,' Daniel Byman, a Brookings Institution scholar and the author of the new book 'Road Warriors: Foreign Fighters in the Armies of Jihad,' told me. 'It shows the Islamic State retains functioning networks and considerably clandestine capacity in Iraq and Syria.' The video was 'a way for him both to continue his claim to the leadership of the jihadist movement and to give his followers heart in what is a dispiriting time for them.' (...) 'The international community should not kid itself — isis remains a serious force, even in Syria and Iraq,' [Charles Lister, a senior fellow at the Middle East Institute,] told me. 'In eastern Syria alone, isis appears to have conducted over eighty-five attacks since the loss of Baghouz, its final picket of territory. That’s no small feat. Thousands of fighters remain in operation, and the scale of the problem isis has left behind far eclipses what the U.S. left behind in Iraq, in 2010.'"

Mehr lesen


"The Terrifying Potential of the 5G Network"

Sue Halpern erwartet, dass das geplante 5G-Netz mit seinem Versprechen einer "totalen Vernetzung" auch "erschreckende" Risiken mit sich bringen wird. Das erwartete "Internet der Dinge" wird demnach zum Ziel von Cyberattacken und zum Mittel völlig neuer Überwachungsmöglichkeiten werden. "5G will catalogue exactly where someone has come from, where they are going, and what they are doing. 'To give one made-up example,' Steve Bellovin, a computer-science professor at Columbia University, told the Wall Street Journal, 'might a pollution sensor detect cigarette smoke or vaping, while a Bluetooth receiver picks up the identities of nearby phones? Insurance companies might be interested.' Paired with facial recognition and artificial intelligence, the data streams and location capabilities of 5G will make anonymity a historical artifact."

Mehr lesen

suche-links1 2 3 4suche-rechts

Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

Mehr lesen



Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

Mehr lesen


Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

Mehr lesen auf


Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

Mehr lesen

Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

Mehr lesen

Publikationen zum Thema

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror


Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Kriege sehen heute anders aus als noch vor 100 oder 50 Jahren: oft stehen sich Staaten und bewaffnet...

Ground Zero

Ground Zero

Ungebrochen aktuell bleiben Fragen nach den Wurzeln und den Folgen der Terroranschläge vom 11. Sept...

Eine Geschichte des Krieges

Eine Geschichte des Krieges

Kriege durchziehen die Menschheitsgeschichte - doch erst in den vergangenen zwei Jahrhunderten bekam...

Zum Shop