US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"'Zero accountability': US accused of failure to report civilian deaths in Africa"

Amnesty International wirft dem US-Militär vor, zivile Opfer von Drohnenangriffen gegen mutmaßliche Terroristen in Afrika zu verschweigen. "Amnesty International accused the US military on Wednesday of providing 'zero accountability' for civilian victims of airstrikes by its Africa command, Africom. The rights group said its investigations into two February airstrikes that Africom claimed had killed al-Shabaab fighters showed 'no evidence' the two victims killed were militants. According to Amnesty, the victims were 18-year-old Nurto Kusow Omar Abukar, whose house was hit while she ate dinner with her family, and 53-year-old banana farmer Mohamud Salad Mohamud. 'We’ve documented case after case in the USA’s escalating air war on Somalia, where the Africom thinks it can simply smear its civilian victims as ‘terrorists’, no questions asked,' said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty’s east and southern Africa director."

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"Revealed: Saudis suspected of phone spying campaign in US"

Informationen eines Whistleblowers zufolge nutzt Saudi-Arabien eine Lücke in den globalen Mobilfunknetzen, um seine Bürger im Ausland auszuspionieren. "Data revealed by the whistleblower, who is seeking to expose vulnerabilities in a global messaging system called SS7, appears to suggest a systematic spying campaign by the kingdom, according to experts. The data suggests that millions of secret tracking requests emanated from Saudi Arabia over a four-month period beginning in November 2019. The tracking requests, which sought to establish the US location of Saudi–registered phones, appeared to originate from Saudi’s three biggest mobile phone companies. The whistleblower said they were unable to find any legitimate reason for the high volume of the requests for location information. 'There is no other explanation, no other technical reason to do this. Saudi Arabia is weaponising mobile technologies,' the whistleblower claimed."

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"Masked men, murder and mass displacement: how terror came to Burkina Faso"


Mordkampagnen bewaffneter Gruppen und die resultierende Massenvertreibung hunderttausender Menschen gefährden nach Ansicht einiger Beobachter den staatlichen Zusammenhalt Burkina Fasos, berichtet Michael Safi. "A landlocked nation of 19 million people in the heart of west Africa, Burkina Faso was celebrated only a few years ago as a stable, vibrant young democracy. Now it is being eaten away at its eastern and northern fringes. Armed groups, including some aligned with al-Qaida and Islamic State, are waging a campaign of indiscriminate killing that has driven soldiers, teachers, health workers and other symbols of the state from vast swathes of the country’s borders. 'We are at a point now where the very existence of the country is at stake,' says Zéphirin Diabré, the leader of the opposition party Union for Progress and Reform. (…) In the past year, attacks on civilians have surged, triggering a tenfold increase in displaced people, whose numbers rival those of Syrians from Idlib and Myanmar’s Rohingya. According to official records, nearly 800,000 Burkinabè people had fled their homes as of 29 February. But not all are being registered, and aid groups say the real number is far greater."

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"Suspected military supplies pour into Libya as UN flounders"

Das UN-Waffenembargo für Libyen werde von internationalen Verbündeten der Konfliktparteien in großem Maßstab ignoriert, berichten Jason Burke und Patrick Wintour. "International powers are increasing deliveries of suspected military supplies to factions in Libya’s civil war, ignoring a poorly enforced UN embargo as the shattered country braces for a new round of fighting. The United Arab Emirates, which is backing Khalifa Haftar, the warlord commander of the self-styled Libyan National Army, is thought to have sent more than 100 deliveries by air since mid-January, according to flight-tracking data. (…) The UN’s inability to enforce an arms embargo, the continued fighting around Tripoli and the impasse in negotiations over a ceasefire led to the resignation of the UN special envoy for Libya, Ghassan Salamé, at the beginning of March. He had been angered that the UN was not willing to back up its own officials and censure the widely known suppliers of arms in the civil war. Diplomatic divisions in the west over support for Haftar had also weakened him. The recently retired UN weapons inspector for Libya, Moncef Kartas, said there was 'no respect for the UN arms embargo, absolutely none'. The UN deputy special envoy for Libya, Stephanie Williams, has described the UN arms embargo imposed on Libya as a joke."

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"'The new normal': China's excessive coronavirus public monitoring could be here to stay"

Der Coronavirus habe der chinesischen Regierung einen Vorwand geliefert, neue Maßnahmen zur Massenüberwachung umzusetzen, die auch nach dem Ende der Epidemie Bestand haben könnten, schreibt Lily Kuo in ihrer Reportage aus Hongkong. "Experts say the virus, which emerged in Wuhan in December, has given authorities a pretence for accelerating the mass collection of personal data to track citizens, a dangerous prospect given that the country does not have stringent laws governing personal data. 'It’s mission creep,' said Maya Wang, senior China researcher for Human Rights Watch. According to Wang, the virus is likely to be a catalyst for a further expansion of the surveillance regime, as major events like the 2008 Olympics held in Beijing or the Shanghai Expo in 2010 were. 'The techniques of mass surveillance became more permanent after these events,' she said. 'With the coronavirus outbreak the idea of risk scoring and restrictions on movement quickly became reality,' she said. 'Over time we see more and more intrusive use of technology and less ability of people to push back.' Many Chinese residents see the extra layers of public monitoring as additional bureaucratic hurdles, more frustrating than sinister, that further demonstrate the government’s ineffectiveness in handling the outbreak."

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"'An absolute disaster': Iran struggles as coronavirus spreads

Die Coronavirus-Epidemie hat auch den Iran hart getroffen. Patrick Wintour berichtet in seiner Reportage, dass die iranische Öffentlichkeit die Politik für die schnelle Ausbreitung des Virus mitverantwortlich mache. "(…) the suspicion remains that Iran’s public services are overwhelmed, and the authorities have simply been too slow to react, especially by not quarantining the worst affected cities, a decision that is now openly criticised by media and epidemiologists. (…) Indeed the suspicion lingers that the government did not reveal the scale of the problem at the outset because it was desperate to boost the turnout in the parliamentary elections. Khamenei himself accused Iran’s enemies of exaggerating the threat of coronavirus to scare voters away from the polls. But on Tuesday, as state media reported that 23 members of parliament had been infected, and all politicians were told to avoid the public, the odds of repairing that broken trust – and finding a way out of the crisis – looked more remote than ever."

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"Uganda's 'locust commander' leads the battle against a new enemy"

Sally Hayden berichtet in ihrer Reportage über den Kampf des ugandischen Militärs gegen die verheerende Heuschreckenplage in Ostafrika. "Swarms of locusts – billions in total – have spread to eight countries in east Africa, after they crossed the Red Sea from Yemen at the end of last year. The insects can travel roughly 90 miles a day and eat their own body weight in crops. The UN has warned the locust swarms could increase 500 times by June, posing a major threat to the region. In response, Uganda has deployed its army. Kavuma, 59, doesn’t know why he was put in charge, but he sees the locusts as a formidable enemy. 'When we started two weeks ago we did not know much about these creatures,' Kavuma says. 'Now I am a professor. I know how they behave, the pattern of their movements.'"

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"African countries braced for 'inevitable' arrival of coronavirus"

Nach Ansicht vieler Experten ist es allerdings nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis der Coronavirus auch in Afrika ankommt, schreiben Karen McVeigh und Sarah Boseley im Guardian. "African health authorities are stepping up preparedness for coronavirus after the head of the World Health Organzation described the outbreak as a 'very grave threat for the rest of the world'. The number of African countries that can test for the virus tripled to 15 this week, with more expected to have testing labs up and running in the coming days. The head of the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) said health centres were on 'high alert' for new cases. (…) Asked about the ability of health systems in African nations to cope with the intensive care needs of a coronavirus outbreak, Yao said it would present 'quite a challenge'. 'I can tell you straight away the capacity to manage a large number of patients is not there in many African countries. We remain concerned. That’s why we are ensuring heath systems are on high alert,' he said. 'With the exception of large countries like Kenya and South Africa, most African hospitals have very limited intensive care facilities. A hospital may have only 10 beds capable of intensive care. Imagine having a cluster of cases that requires intensive care. That could be quite a challenge.'"

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"Syria: half a million people have fled Idlib offensive, says UN body"

Die neuen Kämpfe in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz haben die Zahl der Flüchtlinge UN-Angaben zufolge auf etwa 520.000 anwachsen lassen. "A regime offensive in Syria’s last rebel enclave has caused one of the biggest waves of displacement in the nine-year war, as tensions spiked between Ankara and Damascus following a deadly exchange of fire. (…) The exodus, coinciding with a biting winter, is one of the largest since the 2011 start of a conflict that has seen more than half of Syria’s pre-war population of 20 million displaced. (…) Government troops and militia forces backed by Russian and other allied forces have in recent weeks upped the pressure on the jihadist-dominated region."

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"Turkey renews military pledge to Libya as threat of Mediterranean war grows"

Die türkische Regierung habe ihre Bereitschaft zur Entsendung von Truppen nach Libyen angesichts der Offensive von General Haftar zur Einnahme von Tripolis noch einmal bekräftigt, berichtet Patrick Wintour aus Doha. "Turkey, along with the UAE, was formally found by the UN to be breaking the UN arms embargo, but the Turkish government seems determined not to let Tripoli to fall into hands of the UAE-backed Haftar. Haftar claims to be removing Islamist terrorists from Tripoli. His opponents describe him as a war criminal who will snuff out any chance of democracy in Libya. Haftar’s assault was launched in April, but until now has been bogged down in the suburbs of the capital. The already multi-layered conflict has been made more complex by the arrival of 200 Russian mercenaries backing Haftar, an intervention that Serraj is highlighting to drum up support for his government in Washington."

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"Are drone swarms the future of aerial warfare?"

In den Planungsabteilungen vieler Streitkräfte werden Drohnen-Staffeln als wichtige Luftwaffe der Zukunft betrachtet, berichtet Michael Safi. Dabei soll es sich um Waffensysteme mit künstlicher Intelligenz handeln. "According to analysts, drone swarms of the future could have the capacity to assess targets, divide up tasks and execute them with limited human interaction. 'The real leap forward is swarming where … a human says 'Go accomplish this task' and the robots in the swarm communicate amongst each other about how to divvy it up,' Scharre says. Analysts predict we might see rudimentary versions of the technology in use within a decade. That might include swarms of drones operating on multiple different frequencies, so they are more resistant to jamming, or swarms that can block or shoot down multiple threats more quickly than the human brain can process."

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"Blocked roads then bullets: Iran's brutal crackdown in its City of Roses"

Michael Safi hat mit Aktivisten gesprochen und Meldungen in Sozialen Medien analysiert, um herauszufinden, was gegenwärtig in der iranischen Stadt Shiraz geschieht. Die iranische Regierung habe einen Internet-Blackout verhängt, um ihr hartes Vorgehen gegen die Proteste vor Ort zu verschleiern. "The petrol-price hike would trigger what may have been the largest-scale unrest in the 40-year history of the Islamic Republic. Iranian officials this week estimated 200,000 people were involved in the protests and riots which led to 7,000 arrests and, by some estimates, the regime’s deadliest-ever response to demonstrations. Amnesty International have confirmed 15 deaths in Shiraz; those on the ground say the toll is much higher. Like the rest of Iran, Shiraz was cut off from the world by an unprecedented five-day internet blackout. Precisely what transpired in the heartland of Persian culture known as the City of Roses is still unclear. But interviews with activists inside and outside Shiraz, as well as analysis of social media posts, give a glimpse of what is thought to have been one of the largest protest outbreaks in the country, incurring one of the highest known death tolls."

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"UK’s military interventions have fuelled terrorism, says Corbyn"

Labour-Chef Jeremy Corbyn macht die Auslandseinsätze des britischen Militärs für den Terroranschlag auf der London Bridge mitverantwortlich. "Britain’s repeated military interventions have 'exacerbated rather than resolved' the problem of terrorism, Jeremy Corbyn will warn today. The Labour leader will use a speech to warn that the so-called 'war on terror has manifestly failed', adding that the world is 'living with the consequences' of the botched invasion of Iraq, which he opposed. He will say that Britain risks being 'tied to Donald Trump’s coat-tails' and US foreign policy under Boris Johnson. (…) he will also say that while responsibility for acts of terror lies with 'the terrorists, their funders and recruiters', UK leaders 'have made the wrong calls on our security'."

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"Read Sacha Baron Cohen's scathing attack on Facebook in full: 'greatest propaganda machine in history'"

Der britische Schauspieler und Komiker Sacha Baron Cohen hat Interplattformen wie Facebook, Youtube und Twitter in einer Rede vor der Anti-Defamation League (ADL) in New York scharf angegriffen. Facebook erlaube die unkontrollierte Veröffentlichung von "Hass-Reden" und politischer Verschwörungstheorien und stelle deshalb eine Gefahr für die Demokratie dar. "Think about it. Facebook, YouTube and Google, Twitter and others – they reach billions of people. The algorithms these platforms depend on deliberately amplify the type of content that keeps users engaged – stories that appeal to our baser instincts and that trigger outrage and fear. It’s why YouTube recommended videos by the conspiracist Alex Jones billions of times. It’s why fake news outperforms real news, because studies show that lies spread faster than truth. And it’s no surprise that the greatest propaganda machine in history has spread the oldest conspiracy theory in history – the lie that Jews are somehow dangerous. As one headline put it, 'Just Think What Goebbels Could Have Done with Facebook.'"

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"Turkey threatens to send foreign Isis suspects home from next week"

Die türkische Regierung will am Montag mit der Rückführung von gefangenen IS-Kämpfern in ihre Heimatländer beginnen. "Ankara has repeatedly criticised European nations for refusing to take back any of the 1,200 foreign nationals currently held in Turkish prisons on suspicion of links to the terror organisation. 'Now we are telling you that we are going to send [members of Isis] back to you. We are starting this on Monday,' Süleyman Soylu said in Ankara on Friday. (…) The logistics of the policy remain unclear. Some countries request passenger manifests for both military and commercial flights in advance before a plane is allowed to enter their airspace. It is also unlikely that Turkey will be able to repatriate those who have lost their citizenship."

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"‘Digital welfare state’: big tech allowed to target and surveil the poor, UN is warned"

Der UN-Berichterstatter für extreme Armut und Menschenrechte, Philip Alston, warnt Ed Pilkington zufolge davor, dass Staaten derzeit "zombiegleich in eine digitale Wohlfahrts-Dystopie" stolpern. Hintergrund der Warnung sei eine weitgehend unregulierte Ausbreitung künstlicher Intelligenz und anderer Technologien zur Überwachung und Bestrafung sozial schwacher Menschen. "Big tech companies are being allowed to go unregulated in 'human rights free-zones', welfare budgets are being decimated and new penalties are being imposed for non-compliance on people who may be digitally illiterate or lack access to the internet. In the UK, he notes, 12 million people, or one in five of the population, do not have essential digital skills needed for modern day-to-day life. Alston writes that 'crucial decisions to go digital have been taken by government ministers without consultation, or even by departmental officials without any significant policy discussions taking place'. As a result of the absence of accountability, 'digital technologies are employed in the welfare state to surveil, target, harass and punish beneficiaries, especially the poorest and most vulnerable among them'."

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"Russian troops patrol between Turkish and Syrian forces on border"

Russische Truppen patrouillieren derzeit im nordsyrischen Grenzgebiet, um Zusammenstöße zwischen Ankara-treuen Milizen und syrischen Regierungstruppen zu verhindern. "Moscow’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentyev, said on Tuesday Russia opposed the Turkish operation and would not allow direct clashes between Nato member Turkey’s troops and Syrian forces. The two sides stopped short of a direct confrontation when Ankara first put boots on the ground in Syria in 2016 to seize the area around Jarablus from Isis, in the process hampering the expansion of the SDF. '[Fighting between Turkey and Syria] would simply be unacceptable … And therefore we will not allow it, of course,' Lavrentyev said during a visit to the United Arab Emirates, adding that Turkey and the regime were in direct contact – a major reversal since the early years of Syria’s war, in which Ankara backed calls for the removal of Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad."

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"Trump and Syria: the worst week for US foreign policy since the Iraq invasion?"

Julian Borger spricht angesichts des "atemberaubenden" Tempos der Entwicklungen der letzten Tage von der "schlimmsten Woche" der US-Außenpolitik seit der Irak-Invasion 2003. "The descent of US foreign policy into chaos is a reflection of a broader failure of its political system. The constitution is supposed to give Congress a decisive say in treaties and the declaration of war, just as it is supposed to stop the US president from receiving emoluments from foreign powers. None of that is functioning, mostly because Trump has a demagogic hold on the Republican party, whose members fear political obliteration if they dissent. (...) At each new demonstration of the president’s venality and volatility, there are predictions that the tide is about to turn, even Republicans have had enough and the republic is about to reassert itself. Such predictions may eventually come true, but it may well be too late for US credibility as an ally. It is already too late for the Kurds."

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"Yemen: Aden's changing alliances erupt into four-year conflict's newest front"

Das sich stetig verändernde Bündnisgeflecht in Jemen habe dazu geführt, dass sich im Süden des Landes heute Regierungstruppen und Separatisten gegenüberstehen, berichtet Bethan McKernan. "More than four years in, Yemen’s conflict is now actually three wars in one: a fight between the Iran-backed northern Houthi rebels and the Saudi-led coalition of Arab nations; a fight between both those parties and extremist elements such as al-Qaida and Islamic State; and belatedly, a fight between the STC, which wants a return to independence for south Yemen, and its former Yemeni government allies. The Guardian was invited by the STC to see the situation on the ground in Aden. What we found was a complicated tangle of separatist militias and politicians trying to consolidate control in a situation where alliances that may still exist on paper do not mean anything in reality. A situation that will make it even harder to bring an end to a war which has already killed an estimated 100,000 people and sparked the world’s worst humanitarian crisis."

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"Why can’t we agree on what’s true any more?"

Der Streit um Objektivität und "Wahrheit" in der medialen Berichterstattung ist nach Ansicht von William Davies weniger auf das Treiben ausländischer "Trolle" oder die Verbreitung von "Fake News", sondern vor allem auf den Einfluss der allgegenwärtigen digitalen Medien selbst zurückzuführen. "This is not as simple as distrust. The appearance of digital platforms, smartphones and the ubiquitous surveillance they enable has ushered in a new public mood that is instinctively suspicious of anyone claiming to describe reality in a fair and objective fashion. (...) It is tempting to blame the internet, populists or foreign trolls for flooding our otherwise rational society with lies. But this underestimates the scale of the technological and philosophical transformations that are under way. The single biggest change in our public sphere is that we now have an unimaginable excess of news and content, where once we had scarcity. (...) What we are witnessing is a collision between two conflicting ideals of truth: one that depends on trusted intermediaries (journalists and experts), and another that promises the illusion of direct access to reality itself. This has echoes of the populist challenge to liberal democracy, which pits direct expressions of the popular will against parliaments and judges, undermining the very possibility of compromise."

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"Saudi offers 'proof' of Iran's role in oil attack and urges US response"

Saudi-Arabien hat Überreste von Raketen und Drohnen präsentiert, die belegen sollen, dass der Iran für die Angriffe auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen verantwortlich gewesen sei. "At a press conference in Riyadh a Saudi defence spokesman claimed that 25 drones and cruise missiles were used in the attack on the Aramco facilities on Saturday, saying repeatedly they had been fired from the north, the direction of Iran. Asked for his response, Trump said 'We know very much what happened' but argued that it was 'a sign of strength' that he has thus far taken no military action against Iran. 'How did going into Iraq work out?' Trump asked, then added: 'There’s plenty of time to do some dastardly things. It’s very easy to start. And we’ll see what happens.' The UN secretary general, António Guterres, confirmed on Wednesday that an international team of experts was on the way to Saudi Arabia to investigate."

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"Biarritz was an empty charade. The G7 is a relic of a bygone age"

Nach Ansicht von Simon Tisdall hat der G7-Gipfel in Biarritz dagegen bestätigt, wie überflüssig diese Treffen heute seien. "(...) if the Biarritz summit told us fairly conclusively that the G7 is no longer fit for purpose, what if anything can replace it? The paradox of our age is that the world has never been more connected, yet the political tools for acting collectively in pursuit of common purposes are increasingly ineffective. Scrap the G7 and expand the G20, making it a more genuinely inclusive forum? Reboot the UN, either by reforming the security council or making the general assembly its primary decision-making body? Or start again from scratch? A fundamental rethink may be unavoidable, given that the US will host next year’s G7. Trump is certain to manipulate the meeting for political and personal advantage, reducing other leaders to walk-on extras in his noxious re-election drama. It’s time to think again about who rules the world, and how – while there’s still a world left to rule."

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"Iran warns US against oil tanker seizure as ship leaves Gibraltar"

Der am 4. Juli vor Gibraltar festgesetzte iranische Tanker ist nach der Ablehnung eines kurzfristigen Ersuchens der USA um eine Beschlagnahmung des Schiffs wieder freigelassen worden. Dan Sabbagh zufolge hat der Iran die USA davor gewarnt, das Schiff auf offener See erneut festzusetzen. "The tanker, which ash been caught in a standoff between Tehran and the west, was sailing for Greece on Monday, shipping data showed, hours after the British territory rejected a US request to detain the vessel further. MarineTraffic reported its destination as the Peloponnesian city of Kalamata. (...) The US claims the tanker is controlled through a network of front companies by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, which Washington designates as terrorist organisation and is one of the targets of its sanctions."

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"After El Paso and Dayton, the left needs to reach out to men, not condemn them"

Iman Amrani spricht sich nach den Massakern von El Paso und Dayton dafür aus, die soziale Situation "verlorener" junger Männer stärker in den Blickpunkt zu rücken. Dabei verweist sie auf den Psychologen Jordan Peterson, dem von linken Kritikern vorgeworfen wird, ein "alt-right"-Publikum anzusprechen. "He has been accused of having an 'alt-right' audience, although I was surprised when I went to an event of his in Birmingham to see quite a few men in the audience who described themselves as Jeremy Corbyn supporters, 'lefties' and even Marxists. Peterson’s main tenet was that men (and women) need purpose and responsibility if they are to find meaning and direction in life. In a Fox News interview last year, Peterson was asked why young men were 'shooting up schools'. 'Because they’re nihilistic and desperate,' he replied. 'Life can make you that way unless you have a purpose and a destiny.' (...) Whatever people feel about Peterson’s politics, there is undoubtedly something in what he is saying here. (...) few on the left offer up well-developed ideas on the crisis of masculinity and the role of men – certainly there is no one who is speaking to lost and disenfranchised males with anything like his reach. It’s not enough simply to call out the patriarchy, toxic masculinity or misogyny. Addressing the perceived lack of purpose and meaning in these people’s lives would be a first step in engaging the worrying number of disillusioned young men whose frustration, fear and anger is currently being harnessed by hardliners, be they jihadist recruiters or Trump."

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"Afghan government and Nato killing more civilians than the Taliban"

Neuen UN-Zahlen zufolge haben Einsätze der afghanischen Regierungstruppen und ihrer westlichen Verbündeten in der ersten Hälfte dieses Jahres mehr zivile Todesopfer gefordert als Angriffe der Taliban. "For years, despite civilian deaths and injuries caused by both sides, the government in Kabul and its allies had been able to point to UN statistics showing that insurgents were the biggest killer of Afghan civilians. That is no longer the case. Overall the report found 403 civilians were killed by Afghan troops and 314 by their international allies in the first six months of 2019, a total of 717. The Taliban, Islamic State and other militant groups killed 531 civilians."

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"Ukraine seizes Russian tanker in Danube port city of Izmail"

Die Ukraine hat einen russischen Tanker festgesetzt und damit offenbar auf die russische Beschlagnahme von drei ukrainischen Schiffen im vergangenen November reagiert. Die russischen Seeleute seien nach Drohungen aus Moskau schnell freigelassen worden. "Ukraine’s SBU security service said in a Facebook post on Thursday it had seized the Russian tanker Nika Spirit in Izmail, a port on the Danube River near the country’s border with Romania. (...) The SBU said the vessel had previously been called Neyma and had taken part in blocking the three Ukrainian ships in the Kerch strait last year, with the owners apparently changing its name to Nika Spirit to avoid detection."

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"Jeremy Hunt under pressure to back plan for Gulf force as Iran digs in"

Irans Führung hat dem Guardian zufolge angedeutet, dass eine Freilassung des festgesetzten britischen Tankers von der Übergabe des vor zwei Wochen vor Gibraltar beschlagnahmten iranischen Tankers "Grace 1" abhänge. Unterdessen wachse der Druck auf die britische Regierung, sich einer von den USA angeführten Koalition zur militärischen Sicherung der internationalen Golf-Gewässer anzuschließen. "Iranian officials were explicit that the capture on Friday was in retaliation for the capture of Grace 1. The speaker of Iran’s parliament, Ali Larijani, said the British 'stole and got a response' from the Revolutionary Guards. (...) Britain has been nervous of the rules of engagement of the US’s long-touted plan for an international maritime security force, nicknamed Operation Sentinel. There is already a UN-endorsed anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia, while combined taskforces already operate in the Gulf, dedicated to security and fighting drug-smuggling. There are also issues about the funding of any new larger operation proposed by US Central Command. But, most of all, Britain fears US-led convoys in the Gulf could by accident turn from something passive and defensive into something more volatile."

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"How Trump’s arch-hawk lured Britain into a dangerous trap to punish Iran"

Simon Tisdall meint in diesem Kommentar zur Beschlagnahmung eines britischen Tankers durch den Iran, dass Großbritannien in eine von US-Sicherheitsberater Bolton gestellte Falle gelaufen sei. "(...) when US spy satellites, tasked with helping block Iranian oil exports in line with Trump’s global embargo, began to track Grace I on its way, allegedly, to Syria, Bolton saw an opportunity. The Spanish newspaper, El Pais, citing official sources, takes up the story: 'The Grace 1, which flies a Panamanian flag, had been under surveillance by US satellites since April, when it was anchored off Iran. The supertanker, full to the brim with crude oil, was too big for the Suez Canal, and so it sailed around the Cape of Good Hope before heading for the Mediterranean.' 'According to the US intelligence services, it was headed for the Syrian oil refinery of Banias. Washington advised Madrid of the arrival of the supertanker 48 hours ahead of time, and the Spanish navy followed its passage through the Strait of Gibraltar. It was expected to cross via international waters, as many Iranian vessels do without being stopped.' Although Spanish officials, speaking after the event, said they would have intercepted the ship 'if we had had the information and the opportunity', Spain took no action at the time. But Bolton, in any case, was not relying on Madrid. The US had already tipped off Britain. On 4 July, after Grace I entered British-Gibraltar territorial waters, the fateful order was issued in London – it is not known by whom – and 30 marines stormed aboard. (...) The Bolton gambit succeeded. Despite its misgivings, Britain has been co-opted on to the front line of Washington’s confrontation with Iran."

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"Chinese border guards put secret surveillance app on tourists' phones"

Internationale Reisende in die chinesische Xinjiang-Provinz müssen einer Recherche des Guardians, der Süddeutschen Zeitung und der New York Times zufolge damit rechnen, dass die Grenzbehörden eine Überwachungssoftware auf ihren Smartphones installieren. "Chinese border police are secretly installing surveillance apps on the phones of visitors and downloading personal information as part of the government’s intensive scrutiny of the remote Xinjiang region, the Guardian can reveal. The Chinese government has curbed freedoms in the province for the local Muslim population, installing facial recognition cameras on streets and in mosques and reportedly forcing residents to download software that searches their phones. An investigation by the Guardian and international partners has found that travellers are being targeted when they attempt to enter the region from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan. Border guards are taking their phones and secretly installing an app that extracts emails, texts and contacts, as well as information about the handset itself. Tourists say they have not been warned by authorities in advance or told about what the software is looking for, or that their information is being taken."

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"US arms control office critically understaffed under Trump, experts say"

Das für Rüstungskontrollabkommen zuständige Personal im US-Außenministerium habe sich in der Amtszeit Donald Trumps von 14 auf vier reduziert, berichtet Julian Borger aus Washington. "A state department office tasked with negotiating and implementing nuclear disarmament treaties has lost more than 70% of its staff over the past two years, as the Trump administration moves towards a world without arms control for the first time in nearly half a century. (...) China has ruled out participation in an arms control agreement with US and Russia whose nuclear arsenals are 20 times bigger than the Chinese, estimated at less than 300 warheads. Even if Beijing were willing, a trilateral agreement would require extensive and prolonged negotiation. But former officials and arms control experts in Congress say there have been no serious consideration of what to do when New Start expires in February 2021. 'There is no one home,' a congressional staffer involved in arms control said. 'There is no serious effort to come up with a plan. There is nothing real going on.'"

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

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