US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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04.12.2019

"Are drone swarms the future of aerial warfare?"

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2019/dec/04/are-drone-swarms-the-future-of-aerial-warfare

In den Planungsabteilungen vieler Streitkräfte werden Drohnen-Staffeln als wichtige Luftwaffe der Zukunft betrachtet, berichtet Michael Safi. Dabei soll es sich um Waffensysteme mit künstlicher Intelligenz handeln. "According to analysts, drone swarms of the future could have the capacity to assess targets, divide up tasks and execute them with limited human interaction. 'The real leap forward is swarming where … a human says 'Go accomplish this task' and the robots in the swarm communicate amongst each other about how to divvy it up,' Scharre says. Analysts predict we might see rudimentary versions of the technology in use within a decade. That might include swarms of drones operating on multiple different frequencies, so they are more resistant to jamming, or swarms that can block or shoot down multiple threats more quickly than the human brain can process."

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01.12.2019

"Blocked roads then bullets: Iran's brutal crackdown in its City of Roses"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/01/iran-fuel-protest-crackdowns-revealed-on-social-media

Michael Safi hat mit Aktivisten gesprochen und Meldungen in Sozialen Medien analysiert, um herauszufinden, was gegenwärtig in der iranischen Stadt Shiraz geschieht. Die iranische Regierung habe einen Internet-Blackout verhängt, um ihr hartes Vorgehen gegen die Proteste vor Ort zu verschleiern. "The petrol-price hike would trigger what may have been the largest-scale unrest in the 40-year history of the Islamic Republic. Iranian officials this week estimated 200,000 people were involved in the protests and riots which led to 7,000 arrests and, by some estimates, the regime’s deadliest-ever response to demonstrations. Amnesty International have confirmed 15 deaths in Shiraz; those on the ground say the toll is much higher. Like the rest of Iran, Shiraz was cut off from the world by an unprecedented five-day internet blackout. Precisely what transpired in the heartland of Persian culture known as the City of Roses is still unclear. But interviews with activists inside and outside Shiraz, as well as analysis of social media posts, give a glimpse of what is thought to have been one of the largest protest outbreaks in the country, incurring one of the highest known death tolls."

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01.12.2019

"UK’s military interventions have fuelled terrorism, says Corbyn"

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/01/jeremy-corbyn-uk-military-intervention-fuelled-radicalis
ation

Labour-Chef Jeremy Corbyn macht die Auslandseinsätze des britischen Militärs für den Terroranschlag auf der London Bridge mitverantwortlich. "Britain’s repeated military interventions have 'exacerbated rather than resolved' the problem of terrorism, Jeremy Corbyn will warn today. The Labour leader will use a speech to warn that the so-called 'war on terror has manifestly failed', adding that the world is 'living with the consequences' of the botched invasion of Iraq, which he opposed. He will say that Britain risks being 'tied to Donald Trump’s coat-tails' and US foreign policy under Boris Johnson. (…) he will also say that while responsibility for acts of terror lies with 'the terrorists, their funders and recruiters', UK leaders 'have made the wrong calls on our security'."

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22.11.2019

"Read Sacha Baron Cohen's scathing attack on Facebook in full: 'greatest propaganda machine in history'"

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/22/sacha-baron-cohen-facebook-propaganda

Der britische Schauspieler und Komiker Sacha Baron Cohen hat Interplattformen wie Facebook, Youtube und Twitter in einer Rede vor der Anti-Defamation League (ADL) in New York scharf angegriffen. Facebook erlaube die unkontrollierte Veröffentlichung von "Hass-Reden" und politischer Verschwörungstheorien und stelle deshalb eine Gefahr für die Demokratie dar. "Think about it. Facebook, YouTube and Google, Twitter and others – they reach billions of people. The algorithms these platforms depend on deliberately amplify the type of content that keeps users engaged – stories that appeal to our baser instincts and that trigger outrage and fear. It’s why YouTube recommended videos by the conspiracist Alex Jones billions of times. It’s why fake news outperforms real news, because studies show that lies spread faster than truth. And it’s no surprise that the greatest propaganda machine in history has spread the oldest conspiracy theory in history – the lie that Jews are somehow dangerous. As one headline put it, 'Just Think What Goebbels Could Have Done with Facebook.'"

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08.11.2019

"Turkey threatens to send foreign Isis suspects home from next week"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/08/turkey-isis-suspects-repatriation-islamic-state

Die türkische Regierung will am Montag mit der Rückführung von gefangenen IS-Kämpfern in ihre Heimatländer beginnen. "Ankara has repeatedly criticised European nations for refusing to take back any of the 1,200 foreign nationals currently held in Turkish prisons on suspicion of links to the terror organisation. 'Now we are telling you that we are going to send [members of Isis] back to you. We are starting this on Monday,' Süleyman Soylu said in Ankara on Friday. (…) The logistics of the policy remain unclear. Some countries request passenger manifests for both military and commercial flights in advance before a plane is allowed to enter their airspace. It is also unlikely that Turkey will be able to repatriate those who have lost their citizenship."

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16.10.2019

"‘Digital welfare state’: big tech allowed to target and surveil the poor, UN is warned"

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/16/digital-welfare-state-big-tech-allowed-to-target-and-s
urveil-the-poor-un-warns

Der UN-Berichterstatter für extreme Armut und Menschenrechte, Philip Alston, warnt Ed Pilkington zufolge davor, dass Staaten derzeit "zombiegleich in eine digitale Wohlfahrts-Dystopie" stolpern. Hintergrund der Warnung sei eine weitgehend unregulierte Ausbreitung künstlicher Intelligenz und anderer Technologien zur Überwachung und Bestrafung sozial schwacher Menschen. "Big tech companies are being allowed to go unregulated in 'human rights free-zones', welfare budgets are being decimated and new penalties are being imposed for non-compliance on people who may be digitally illiterate or lack access to the internet. In the UK, he notes, 12 million people, or one in five of the population, do not have essential digital skills needed for modern day-to-day life. Alston writes that 'crucial decisions to go digital have been taken by government ministers without consultation, or even by departmental officials without any significant policy discussions taking place'. As a result of the absence of accountability, 'digital technologies are employed in the welfare state to surveil, target, harass and punish beneficiaries, especially the poorest and most vulnerable among them'."

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15.10.2019

"Russian troops patrol between Turkish and Syrian forces on border"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/15/russian-troops-patrol-between-turkish-and-syrian-forces-on-
border

Russische Truppen patrouillieren derzeit im nordsyrischen Grenzgebiet, um Zusammenstöße zwischen Ankara-treuen Milizen und syrischen Regierungstruppen zu verhindern. "Moscow’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentyev, said on Tuesday Russia opposed the Turkish operation and would not allow direct clashes between Nato member Turkey’s troops and Syrian forces. The two sides stopped short of a direct confrontation when Ankara first put boots on the ground in Syria in 2016 to seize the area around Jarablus from Isis, in the process hampering the expansion of the SDF. '[Fighting between Turkey and Syria] would simply be unacceptable … And therefore we will not allow it, of course,' Lavrentyev said during a visit to the United Arab Emirates, adding that Turkey and the regime were in direct contact – a major reversal since the early years of Syria’s war, in which Ankara backed calls for the removal of Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad."

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14.10.2019

"Trump and Syria: the worst week for US foreign policy since the Iraq invasion?"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/oct/14/trump-syria-worst-week-us-foreign-policy-iraq-invasion

Julian Borger spricht angesichts des "atemberaubenden" Tempos der Entwicklungen der letzten Tage von der "schlimmsten Woche" der US-Außenpolitik seit der Irak-Invasion 2003. "The descent of US foreign policy into chaos is a reflection of a broader failure of its political system. The constitution is supposed to give Congress a decisive say in treaties and the declaration of war, just as it is supposed to stop the US president from receiving emoluments from foreign powers. None of that is functioning, mostly because Trump has a demagogic hold on the Republican party, whose members fear political obliteration if they dissent. (...) At each new demonstration of the president’s venality and volatility, there are predictions that the tide is about to turn, even Republicans have had enough and the republic is about to reassert itself. Such predictions may eventually come true, but it may well be too late for US credibility as an ally. It is already too late for the Kurds."

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01.10.2019

"Yemen: Aden's changing alliances erupt into four-year conflict's newest front"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/01/yemen-adens-changing-alliances-erupt-into-four-year-conflic
ts-newest-front

Das sich stetig verändernde Bündnisgeflecht in Jemen habe dazu geführt, dass sich im Süden des Landes heute Regierungstruppen und Separatisten gegenüberstehen, berichtet Bethan McKernan. "More than four years in, Yemen’s conflict is now actually three wars in one: a fight between the Iran-backed northern Houthi rebels and the Saudi-led coalition of Arab nations; a fight between both those parties and extremist elements such as al-Qaida and Islamic State; and belatedly, a fight between the STC, which wants a return to independence for south Yemen, and its former Yemeni government allies. The Guardian was invited by the STC to see the situation on the ground in Aden. What we found was a complicated tangle of separatist militias and politicians trying to consolidate control in a situation where alliances that may still exist on paper do not mean anything in reality. A situation that will make it even harder to bring an end to a war which has already killed an estimated 100,000 people and sparked the world’s worst humanitarian crisis."

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19.09.2019

"Why can’t we agree on what’s true any more?"

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/sep/19/why-cant-we-agree-on-whats-true-anymore

Der Streit um Objektivität und "Wahrheit" in der medialen Berichterstattung ist nach Ansicht von William Davies weniger auf das Treiben ausländischer "Trolle" oder die Verbreitung von "Fake News", sondern vor allem auf den Einfluss der allgegenwärtigen digitalen Medien selbst zurückzuführen. "This is not as simple as distrust. The appearance of digital platforms, smartphones and the ubiquitous surveillance they enable has ushered in a new public mood that is instinctively suspicious of anyone claiming to describe reality in a fair and objective fashion. (...) It is tempting to blame the internet, populists or foreign trolls for flooding our otherwise rational society with lies. But this underestimates the scale of the technological and philosophical transformations that are under way. The single biggest change in our public sphere is that we now have an unimaginable excess of news and content, where once we had scarcity. (...) What we are witnessing is a collision between two conflicting ideals of truth: one that depends on trusted intermediaries (journalists and experts), and another that promises the illusion of direct access to reality itself. This has echoes of the populist challenge to liberal democracy, which pits direct expressions of the popular will against parliaments and judges, undermining the very possibility of compromise."

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18.09.2019

"Saudi offers 'proof' of Iran's role in oil attack and urges US response"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/18/saudi-oil-attack-rouhani-dismisses-us-claims-of-iran-role-a
s-slander

Saudi-Arabien hat Überreste von Raketen und Drohnen präsentiert, die belegen sollen, dass der Iran für die Angriffe auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen verantwortlich gewesen sei. "At a press conference in Riyadh a Saudi defence spokesman claimed that 25 drones and cruise missiles were used in the attack on the Aramco facilities on Saturday, saying repeatedly they had been fired from the north, the direction of Iran. Asked for his response, Trump said 'We know very much what happened' but argued that it was 'a sign of strength' that he has thus far taken no military action against Iran. 'How did going into Iraq work out?' Trump asked, then added: 'There’s plenty of time to do some dastardly things. It’s very easy to start. And we’ll see what happens.' The UN secretary general, António Guterres, confirmed on Wednesday that an international team of experts was on the way to Saudi Arabia to investigate."

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26.08.2019

"Biarritz was an empty charade. The G7 is a relic of a bygone age"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/aug/26/biarritz-g7-syria-us-china-trade

Nach Ansicht von Simon Tisdall hat der G7-Gipfel in Biarritz dagegen bestätigt, wie überflüssig diese Treffen heute seien. "(...) if the Biarritz summit told us fairly conclusively that the G7 is no longer fit for purpose, what if anything can replace it? The paradox of our age is that the world has never been more connected, yet the political tools for acting collectively in pursuit of common purposes are increasingly ineffective. Scrap the G7 and expand the G20, making it a more genuinely inclusive forum? Reboot the UN, either by reforming the security council or making the general assembly its primary decision-making body? Or start again from scratch? A fundamental rethink may be unavoidable, given that the US will host next year’s G7. Trump is certain to manipulate the meeting for political and personal advantage, reducing other leaders to walk-on extras in his noxious re-election drama. It’s time to think again about who rules the world, and how – while there’s still a world left to rule."

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19.08.2019

"Iran warns US against oil tanker seizure as ship leaves Gibraltar"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/aug/19/iran-warns-us-against-oil-tanker-seizure-as-ship-leaves-gib
raltar

Der am 4. Juli vor Gibraltar festgesetzte iranische Tanker ist nach der Ablehnung eines kurzfristigen Ersuchens der USA um eine Beschlagnahmung des Schiffs wieder freigelassen worden. Dan Sabbagh zufolge hat der Iran die USA davor gewarnt, das Schiff auf offener See erneut festzusetzen. "The tanker, which ash been caught in a standoff between Tehran and the west, was sailing for Greece on Monday, shipping data showed, hours after the British territory rejected a US request to detain the vessel further. MarineTraffic reported its destination as the Peloponnesian city of Kalamata. (...) The US claims the tanker is controlled through a network of front companies by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, which Washington designates as terrorist organisation and is one of the targets of its sanctions."

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08.08.2019

"After El Paso and Dayton, the left needs to reach out to men, not condemn them"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/aug/08/el-paso-dayton-left-men-jordan-peterson

Iman Amrani spricht sich nach den Massakern von El Paso und Dayton dafür aus, die soziale Situation "verlorener" junger Männer stärker in den Blickpunkt zu rücken. Dabei verweist sie auf den Psychologen Jordan Peterson, dem von linken Kritikern vorgeworfen wird, ein "alt-right"-Publikum anzusprechen. "He has been accused of having an 'alt-right' audience, although I was surprised when I went to an event of his in Birmingham to see quite a few men in the audience who described themselves as Jeremy Corbyn supporters, 'lefties' and even Marxists. Peterson’s main tenet was that men (and women) need purpose and responsibility if they are to find meaning and direction in life. In a Fox News interview last year, Peterson was asked why young men were 'shooting up schools'. 'Because they’re nihilistic and desperate,' he replied. 'Life can make you that way unless you have a purpose and a destiny.' (...) Whatever people feel about Peterson’s politics, there is undoubtedly something in what he is saying here. (...) few on the left offer up well-developed ideas on the crisis of masculinity and the role of men – certainly there is no one who is speaking to lost and disenfranchised males with anything like his reach. It’s not enough simply to call out the patriarchy, toxic masculinity or misogyny. Addressing the perceived lack of purpose and meaning in these people’s lives would be a first step in engaging the worrying number of disillusioned young men whose frustration, fear and anger is currently being harnessed by hardliners, be they jihadist recruiters or Trump."

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30.07.2019

"Afghan government and Nato killing more civilians than the Taliban"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/30/nearly-4000-afghan-civilians-killed-or-wounded-in-first-hal
f-of-2019-un-says

Neuen UN-Zahlen zufolge haben Einsätze der afghanischen Regierungstruppen und ihrer westlichen Verbündeten in der ersten Hälfte dieses Jahres mehr zivile Todesopfer gefordert als Angriffe der Taliban. "For years, despite civilian deaths and injuries caused by both sides, the government in Kabul and its allies had been able to point to UN statistics showing that insurgents were the biggest killer of Afghan civilians. That is no longer the case. Overall the report found 403 civilians were killed by Afghan troops and 314 by their international allies in the first six months of 2019, a total of 717. The Taliban, Islamic State and other militant groups killed 531 civilians."

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25.07.2019

"Ukraine seizes Russian tanker in Danube port city of Izmail"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/25/ukraine-seizes-russian-tanker-on-danube-port-city-of-izmail
-nika-spirit

Die Ukraine hat einen russischen Tanker festgesetzt und damit offenbar auf die russische Beschlagnahme von drei ukrainischen Schiffen im vergangenen November reagiert. Die russischen Seeleute seien nach Drohungen aus Moskau schnell freigelassen worden. "Ukraine’s SBU security service said in a Facebook post on Thursday it had seized the Russian tanker Nika Spirit in Izmail, a port on the Danube River near the country’s border with Romania. (...) The SBU said the vessel had previously been called Neyma and had taken part in blocking the three Ukrainian ships in the Kerch strait last year, with the owners apparently changing its name to Nika Spirit to avoid detection."

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21.07.2019

"Jeremy Hunt under pressure to back plan for Gulf force as Iran digs in"

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/jul/21/jeremy-hunt-under-pressure-gulf-maritime-force-iran-uk-t
anker

Irans Führung hat dem Guardian zufolge angedeutet, dass eine Freilassung des festgesetzten britischen Tankers von der Übergabe des vor zwei Wochen vor Gibraltar beschlagnahmten iranischen Tankers "Grace 1" abhänge. Unterdessen wachse der Druck auf die britische Regierung, sich einer von den USA angeführten Koalition zur militärischen Sicherung der internationalen Golf-Gewässer anzuschließen. "Iranian officials were explicit that the capture on Friday was in retaliation for the capture of Grace 1. The speaker of Iran’s parliament, Ali Larijani, said the British 'stole and got a response' from the Revolutionary Guards. (...) Britain has been nervous of the rules of engagement of the US’s long-touted plan for an international maritime security force, nicknamed Operation Sentinel. There is already a UN-endorsed anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia, while combined taskforces already operate in the Gulf, dedicated to security and fighting drug-smuggling. There are also issues about the funding of any new larger operation proposed by US Central Command. But, most of all, Britain fears US-led convoys in the Gulf could by accident turn from something passive and defensive into something more volatile."

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20.07.2019

"How Trump’s arch-hawk lured Britain into a dangerous trap to punish Iran"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/20/britain-lured-into-deadly-trap-on-iran-by-trump-hawk-john-b
olton

Simon Tisdall meint in diesem Kommentar zur Beschlagnahmung eines britischen Tankers durch den Iran, dass Großbritannien in eine von US-Sicherheitsberater Bolton gestellte Falle gelaufen sei. "(...) when US spy satellites, tasked with helping block Iranian oil exports in line with Trump’s global embargo, began to track Grace I on its way, allegedly, to Syria, Bolton saw an opportunity. The Spanish newspaper, El Pais, citing official sources, takes up the story: 'The Grace 1, which flies a Panamanian flag, had been under surveillance by US satellites since April, when it was anchored off Iran. The supertanker, full to the brim with crude oil, was too big for the Suez Canal, and so it sailed around the Cape of Good Hope before heading for the Mediterranean.' 'According to the US intelligence services, it was headed for the Syrian oil refinery of Banias. Washington advised Madrid of the arrival of the supertanker 48 hours ahead of time, and the Spanish navy followed its passage through the Strait of Gibraltar. It was expected to cross via international waters, as many Iranian vessels do without being stopped.' Although Spanish officials, speaking after the event, said they would have intercepted the ship 'if we had had the information and the opportunity', Spain took no action at the time. But Bolton, in any case, was not relying on Madrid. The US had already tipped off Britain. On 4 July, after Grace I entered British-Gibraltar territorial waters, the fateful order was issued in London – it is not known by whom – and 30 marines stormed aboard. (...) The Bolton gambit succeeded. Despite its misgivings, Britain has been co-opted on to the front line of Washington’s confrontation with Iran."

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02.07.2019

"Chinese border guards put secret surveillance app on tourists' phones"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/02/chinese-border-guards-surveillance-app-tourists-phones

Internationale Reisende in die chinesische Xinjiang-Provinz müssen einer Recherche des Guardians, der Süddeutschen Zeitung und der New York Times zufolge damit rechnen, dass die Grenzbehörden eine Überwachungssoftware auf ihren Smartphones installieren. "Chinese border police are secretly installing surveillance apps on the phones of visitors and downloading personal information as part of the government’s intensive scrutiny of the remote Xinjiang region, the Guardian can reveal. The Chinese government has curbed freedoms in the province for the local Muslim population, installing facial recognition cameras on streets and in mosques and reportedly forcing residents to download software that searches their phones. An investigation by the Guardian and international partners has found that travellers are being targeted when they attempt to enter the region from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan. Border guards are taking their phones and secretly installing an app that extracts emails, texts and contacts, as well as information about the handset itself. Tourists say they have not been warned by authorities in advance or told about what the software is looking for, or that their information is being taken."

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01.07.2019

"US arms control office critically understaffed under Trump, experts say"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/01/us-arms-control-office-understaffed-trump

Das für Rüstungskontrollabkommen zuständige Personal im US-Außenministerium habe sich in der Amtszeit Donald Trumps von 14 auf vier reduziert, berichtet Julian Borger aus Washington. "A state department office tasked with negotiating and implementing nuclear disarmament treaties has lost more than 70% of its staff over the past two years, as the Trump administration moves towards a world without arms control for the first time in nearly half a century. (...) China has ruled out participation in an arms control agreement with US and Russia whose nuclear arsenals are 20 times bigger than the Chinese, estimated at less than 300 warheads. Even if Beijing were willing, a trilateral agreement would require extensive and prolonged negotiation. But former officials and arms control experts in Congress say there have been no serious consideration of what to do when New Start expires in February 2021. 'There is no one home,' a congressional staffer involved in arms control said. 'There is no serious effort to come up with a plan. There is nothing real going on.'"

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26.06.2019

"The Pacific is in danger of becoming a semi-narco region"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2019/jun/26/the-pacific-is-in-danger-of-becoming-a-semi-n
arco-region

Jose Sousa-Santos vom Joint Centre for Disaster Research an der Massey University in Neuseeland warnt, dass die Inselstaaten im Pazifik unter die faktische Kontrolle internationaler Drogenkartelle geraten könnten. "The region is being eroded by criminal organisations and drugs. We are seeing larger hauls of cocaine and crystal methamphetamines being trafficked through and seized in the Pacific and while it was once the thoroughfare for these drugs, the Pacific is now also the destination. The lower cost of drugs in South America and the higher cost of drugs in Australia and New Zealand result in the perfect storm. The spill-over effect into local communities has been immensely damaging. (...) Unless concrete efforts are made to address this threat, drug cartels will take control of the region, impacting governance, enabling corruption and the infiltration of law enforcement, customs and defence, and crippling the region’s tourism industry – a critical revenue earner for many Pacific economies. (...) Australia, United States and New Zealand need to take responsibility for an issue that has been created not only by their drug markets but also by their deportee policy. It is time the partners of the Pacific did their part in the heavy lifting to address this threat, before it is too late."

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26.06.2019

"Faces of war: Kurdistan’s armed struggle against Islamic State"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/26/faces-of-war-kurdistan-armed-struggle-against-islamic-state

Der Guardian präsentiert ein Foto-Essay von Joey Lawrence, der seit 2015 kurdische Guerilla-Einheiten und deren Kampf gegen den IS in Irak und Syrien begleitet. "Since March 2015, the photographer and author Joey Lawrence has had unprecedented access to Kurdish guerrilla organisations fighting Isis, embedding himself into the Iraq and Syrian civil war. His powerful portraits of the fighters give a different perspective to the conflict".

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19.06.2019

"Nuclear weapons: experts alarmed by new Pentagon 'war-fighting' doctrine"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/19/nuclear-weapons-pentagon-us-military-doctrine

Das Pentagon hat in einem mittlerweile wieder zurückgezogenen Papier Überlegungen über eine neue Kriegs-Doktrin angestellt, in der ein begrenzter Einsatz von Atomwaffen vorgesehen ist. Experten haben Julian Borger zufolge "alarmiert" reagiert. "The document, entitled Nuclear Operations, was published on 11 June, and was the first such doctrine paper for 14 years. Arms control experts say it marks a shift in US military thinking towards the idea of fighting and winning a nuclear war – which they believe is a highly dangerous mindset. (...) At the start of a chapter on nuclear planning and targeting, the document quotes a cold war theorist, Herman Kahn, as saying: 'My guess is that nuclear weapons will be used sometime in the next hundred years, but that their use is much more likely to be small and limited than widespread and unconstrained.' Kahn was a controversial figure. He argued that a nuclear war could be 'winnable' and is reported to have provided part of the inspiration for Stanley Kubrick’s film Dr Strangelove."

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14.06.2019

"Trump's maximum pressure train hits buffers with Abe's doomed Iran mission"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/14/shinzo-abe-iran-ayatollah-talks-analysis-trump

Die Angriffe auf die beiden Öl-Tanker im Golf von Oman haben ausgerechnet während des Iran-Besuchs des japanischen Premierministers Abe stattgefunden. Dessen diplomatische Mission sei dadurch spektakulär zum Scheitern gebracht worden, schreibt Julian Borger. "Shinzo Abe’s trip to Tehran this week turned out to be one of the more ill-fated mediation efforts of recent times. What was billed as a grand gesture – the first Japanese leader to visit Iran in four decades – ended in humiliation, with split-screen television pictures showing Abe being told off by a stern supreme leader, while a thick plume of smoke rose from a burning Japanese tanker in the Gulf of Oman. (...) Even without the visible symbolism of burning oil, Khamenei’s response to Abe’s mission could hardly have been more dismissive. He tossed aside the polite pretense that the Japanese prime minister had come on his own initiative, inviting the television cameras into his office to explain, in the bluntest of terms while Abe looked on helplessly, that the Japanese visitor had come bearing a message from Donald Trump, and was wasting his time. To add inevitable insult to injury, the US president then swiftly disowned Abe and his mission, portraying him in a tweet as well-meaning but naive, and declaring the time was not right for negotiations."

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03.06.2019

"Sudan: how Arab autocrats conspired to thwart reformists' hopes"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/03/sudanese-crackdown-comes-after-talks-with-egypt-and-saudis

Simon Tisdall hält die gewaltsame Vertreibung von Protestierenden in Sudan nach mehreren Treffen der Anführer der Militärregierung mit anderen arabischen Regierungen nicht für zufällig. "Analysts say the rulers of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, no friends to democratic governance, are acting in concert to thwart the aspirations of Sudan’s reform movement. All three tried to shore up Omar al-Bashir’s regime, and since he was toppled in April by popular protests they have conspired to foment a counter-revolution. This fateful turning point may now have arrived. (...) The generals rightly fear a reckoning should they bow to the opposition’s demand for majority control over any transitional military-civilian government. Regional Arab states want to be able to influence Sudan’s future policy, especially on security issues, terrorism and Iran."

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02.06.2019

"Inside the Iraqi courts sentencing foreign Isis fighters to death"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/02/inside-the-iraqi-courts-sentencing-foreign-isis-fighters-to
-death

Simona Foltyn berichtet in ihrer Reportage aus Bagdad über die Tätigkeit der irakischen Gerichte, die zuletzt drei französische IS-Kämpfer zum Tod verurteilt haben. "In France, joining a terror organisation is punishable by up to 20 years in prison for those in leadership positions, in addition to a fine. But obtaining evidence on whether suspects committed violent crimes is difficult, which means they could walk free or get away with a lenient sentence, a politically explosive matter and security hazard European governments appear determined to avoid. Baghdad’s court referred to intelligence reports detailing the Frenchmen’s activities, but didn’t present them during the public hearings. The suspects, in turn, tried to paint a benign picture of their role in the so-called caliphate. They denied ever having pledged allegiance to Isis, describing their mounting disillusionment with injustice, chaos, and empty promises. Although they admitted to having worked for Isis as medics, trainers, stars in propaganda videos and members of the religious police, they said they did so under threat of imprisonment. Like Merzoughi, most denied taking part in military operations."

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02.06.2019

"Trump’s banning of Huawei could be the beginning of the biggest trade war ever"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/02/trump-banning-huawei-beginning-of-biggest-trade-war
-ever-united-states

Der Huawei-Boykott der USA könnte den größten Handelskrieg der Geschichte auslösen, warnt John Naughton. "There may indeed be valid reasons for excluding Huawei from western 5G networks, though clearly countries differ about the risk. But attacking Huawei’s smartphone and laptop businesses has little or nothing to do with 5G. Some other game is afoot. (...) if the US thinks that the Chinese government will allow one of its star companies to be crushed without retribution, then it’s deluded. Last week, President Xi Jinping paid a surprise visit to a rare earth plant. These exports are critical to the manufacture of (our) processor chips. Coincidence? Personally, I wouldn’t bet on it. Nor would anyone in the tech industry. It’s game on."

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27.05.2019

"France opposes Iraq's death penalty against French Isis trio"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/27/france-opposes-iraq-death-penalty-against-three-french-isis
-members

Ein irakisches Gericht hat drei französische IS-Kämpfer zum Tod verurteilt. Frankreich will sich um die Aufhebung des Urteils bemühen, wehrt sich aber weiterhin gegen die Überstellung gefangener französischer IS-Kämpfer in ihre Heimat. "France has confirmed it would take 'the necessary steps' to try to prevent Iraq carrying out the death penalty against three French citizens convicted of fighting with Islamic State. The French foreign ministry said on Monday: 'France is opposed in principle to the death penalty at all times and in all places.' (...) The French government has long insisted its adult citizens captured in Iraq or Syria should face trial locally, refusing to repatriate them despite the fact they are at risk of capital punishment. (...) They were among 13 French nationals caught in eastern Syria and handed to Iraqi authorities in February on suspicion of being members of the group’s feared contingent of foreign fighters. Iraq has taken custody of thousands of jihadists, and the Iraqi judiciary said recently that it had tried and sentenced more than 500 suspected foreign members of Isis since the start of 2018. Its courts have condemned many to life in prison and others to death, though none have yet been executed."

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21.05.2019

"Millions without water in Libya as armed group cuts off supply"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/21/millions-without-water-libya-armed-group-cuts-off-supply

Milizen, die angeblich General Haftar nahestehen, haben die Trinkwasserversorgung der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis unterbrochen. Patrick Wintour schreibt, dass die Episode das internationale Prestige des rebellierenden Generals beschädigen könnte. "It is likely that Haftar will disown the action, but the episode, however quickly it is resolved, may rebound badly on the warlord as he seeks to persuade the international community he can be the upholder of security against the criminal militias who have afflicted the weak GNA government in Tripoli. It will also add to the sense that the siege is deepening a general lawlessness in Libya that others, including Islamic State, are beginning to exploit. There have been a number of Isis hit-and-run attacks in the past month, mainly in the south of the country."

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14.05.2019

"No increased Iran threat in Syria or Iraq, top British officer says, contradicting US"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/may/14/no-iran-threat-in-syria-or-iraq-says-top-british-officer-
in-defiance-of-us

Der britische General Christopher Ghika, stellvertretender Kommandeur der Anti-IS-Koalition Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR), hat in einer Videokonferenz mitgeteilt, im Gegensatz zu den jüngsten amerikanischen Warnungen keine verstärkte iranische Bedrohung in Irak oder Syrien zu erkennen. Das Pentagon hat dieser Einschätzung kurz darauf ebenso deutlich widersprochen. "'No – there’s been no increased threat from Iranian-backed forces in Iraq and Syria,' Ghika said in a videolink briefing from Baghdad to the Pentagon. (...) On Tuesday night, US Central Command – whose area of operations covers the Middle East and Afghanistan – put out a statement refuting Ghika’s comments. 'Recent comments from OIR’s deputy commander run counter to the identified credible threats available to intelligence from US and allies regarding Iranian-backed forces in the region,' it said. (...) The rebuke was particularly striking as it implied that Ghika was unaware of the state of alert of his own troops. The remarkable comments heightened concerns that fabricated or exaggerated intelligence may be being used by administration hawks led by the national security adviser, John Bolton, to further the case for war against Iran, in a manner reminiscent of the buildup to the Iraq invasion."

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