US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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05.04.2020

"Taliban warn deal with US in Afghanistan near breaking point"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/taliban-warn-peace-deal-afghanistan-breaking-point-200405185652146
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Steht das Friedensabkommen zwischen den USA und den Taliban vor einem frühen Ende? Die Taliban werfen den USA derzeit vor, mehrere Vereinbarungen des Deals zu ignorieren. "The Taliban has said the deal with the United States aimed at bringing peace to Afghanistan was nearing a breaking point, accusing Washington of violations that included drone attacks on civilians, while also chastising the Afghan government for delaying the release of 5,000 Taliban prisoners promised in the agreement. The Taliban said it had restricted attacks against Afghan security forces to rural outposts and had not attacked international forces or Afghan forces in cities or military installations. (…) The Taliban has accused the Afghan government of using 'indefensible arguments' to explain the repeated delays in releasing a promised 5,000 Taliban prisoners in exchange for 1,000 government personnel. The US military in Afghanistan rejected the Taliban's claim, saying it had upheld the military terms of the agreement and that Taliban's assertions were 'baseless'."

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24.03.2020

"US cuts Afghan aid by $1bn after Pompeo fails to end impasse"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/cuts-afghan-aid-1bn-pompeo-fails-impasse-200324015906774.html

Nach dem Besuch von Außenminister Pompeo in Kabul hat die US-Regierung die Finanzhilfen für Afghanistan um eine Milliarde US-Dollar gekürzt. Hintergrund ist der andauernde Konflikt zwischen Präsident Ghani und seinem Rivalen Abdullah, der die Umsetzung des Friedensabkommens der USA mit den Taliban gefährdet. "The United States also is prepared to cut another $1bn worth of assistance in 2021 and is conducting 'a review of all of our programmes and projects to identify additional reductions and reconsider our pledges to future donor conferences for Afghanistan,' Pompeo said in a statement. Pompeo's statement came as he flew home from a fruitless day-long effort in Kabul to end competing claims to the presidency by Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah and win their agreement to form 'an inclusive government.' The harshly worded announcement at the end of the mission he undertook despite the spreading global coronavirus pandemic underscored how badly stalled the US-led effort to end America's longest war and decades of strife in Afghanistan has become."

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17.03.2020

"As COVID-19 crackdowns grow in Europe, rights groups urge caution"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/covid-19-crackdowns-grow-europe-rights-groups-urge-caution-2003171
94438813.html

Menschenrechtsexperten der UNO warnen Ylenia Gostoli zufolge davor, dass Regierungen die aktuell notwendigen Einschränkungen bürgerlicher Rechte missbrauchen könnten. "UN human rights experts called on states to tread carefully, warning against misusing emergency powers invoked. 'The danger is that states, particularly non-democratic or less open societies, would use the opportunity given by the health emergency to crack down on particular minority groups, or individuals or groups that they see as highly problematic,' Fionnuala Ni Aolain, the UN special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, told Al Jazeera. 'We need to ensure that when the emergency ends, states return to normal and do not continue to use these powers in ways they were not intended to do,' she said, adding that emergency powers introduced after 9/11 and still in place after 20 years constitute an undesirable precedent. 'States might find, as we often see in the counterterrorism space, that extensive powers are very comfortable, and they give them a lot more leeway than they usually have. The key point is that leeway shouldn't be used indefinitely.'"

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17.03.2020

"War-ravaged Afghanistan battles a new threat: coronavirus"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/war-ravaged-afghanistan-battles-threat-coronavirus-200316135224827
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Afghanistan könnte von der Corona-Pandemie noch tiefer in die Krise gestürzt werden, fürchtet Ali M Latifi. "With 22 verified cases so far, Afghanistan is still among the countries with a relatively low rate of coronavirus cases. However, the outbreak of the illness comes at a particularly trying time for the country. (…) it is not just clean water, Afghanistan's health system has also had to deal with overcrowding at facilities that have struggled to treat the increasing number of civilians affected by the ongoing war. Currently, there is only one hospital in the capital that can properly diagnose patients with the coronavirus. The hospital, located in West Kabul, can only treat 150 patients at a time. (…) The shutting of borders with Iran and Pakistan - Kabul's main trading partners - has led to a rise in food prices. In a bid to address price-gouging schemes, which has seen the price of wheat increase by 72 percent in a single 24-hour period, the Ministry of Interior has instructed police to take 'serious action' against any price gougers."

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11.03.2020

"Afghanistan: Ghani signs decree to release 1,500 Taliban fighters"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/afghanistan-ghani-signs-decree-release-1500-taliban-fighters-20031
0195110306.html

Der afghanische Präsident Ghani hat mit der Erfüllung einer Vorbedingung für direkte Verhandlungen mit den Taliban begonnen und die Freilassung von 1.500 gefangenen Kämpfern angeordnet. "According to a copy of the two-page decree seen by Reuters news agency late on Tuesday night, all released Taliban prisoners will have to provide 'a written guarantee to not return to the battlefield'. (…) The release of prisoners is part of a deal signed by the United States and the Taliban last month that would allow US forces and NATO troops to withdraw from Afghanistan to end more than 18 years of war. Earlier on Tuesday, Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said in a tweet that his group had handed a list of 5,000 prisoners to the US and was waiting for all to be released."

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01.03.2020

"'Hard to trust': Afghans sceptical of US-Taliban agreement"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/trust-afghans-sceptical-taliban-agreement-200301052025171.html

Nach der Unterzeichnung der Vereinbarung zwischen den USA und den Taliban berichtet Shereena Qazi in ihrer Reportage über erste Reaktionen in der afghanischen Bevölkerung. "The deal promises peace in the country but Maryam Hussaini, 27, is still mourning the loss of her sister, Najiba. In 2017, the Taliban attacked a bus in Kabul carrying government employees. The attack killed 23 people, mainly workers of the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Petroleum. Among those killed was Najiba. (…) 'The Taliban have not shown regret for killing hundreds of innocent people,' Hussaini said. In a report released in February, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said the number of civilian casualties surpassed 100,000 after more than a decade of documenting the impact of war. (…) At the intra-Afghan talks scheduled for March 10, Afghan leaders and activists, including women, will sit face-to-face with the Taliban and decide the future of the country, including key issues related to women rights, governance and rights of minorities. But Hussaini remains sceptical and echoes the concerns about the education of women and their empowerment in the country. 'If the Taliban come back, Afghan women lose everything: Their 18 years of achievement and even their identities,' she said. 'The Afghan women will be the main victims if the Taliban have not changed their mentality from when they were in power.'"

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27.02.2020

"Diplomacy stalled a year after Trump-Kim Summit collapse"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/diplomacy-stalled-year-trump-kim-summit-collapse-200227015554627.h
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Ein Jahr nach dem öffentlichkeitswirksamen Scheitern des Gipfeltreffens zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un in Hanoi sind sich Experten Kelly Kasulis zufolge darin uneins, ob die Verhandlungen zwischen den USA und Nordkorea nur stocken oder bereits gescheitert sind. "'We haven't really had discussions or real negotiations since that moment,' said Peter Ward, a North Korea analyst who researches the North Korean economy. 'It has basically been dead silence.' (…) Part of the problem is that the United Nations has not lifted a single US-led economic sanction against Pyongyang. The other problem is that North Korea and the US cannot seem to get back to the negotiating table. 'The calculation in Washington is that serious sanctions relief will not come before a more serious breakdown of North Korea's nuclear arsenal, and North Korea doesn't seem to want to talk about that in much detail,' Ward said. 'One gets the impression that negotiations would have eventually broken down, anyway. It seems like North Korea had really unrealistic expectations.'"

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24.02.2020

"Two conflicting portraits of Assange as extradition hearing opens"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/conflicting-portraits-assange-extradition-hearing-opens-2002242116
27686.html

Al Jazeera fasst den ersten Tag der Anhörung im Auslieferungsverfahren gegen WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange zusammen. "A UK judge was given two conflicting portraits of Julian Assange as the WikiLeaks founder's long-awaited extradition hearing began on Monday in a London court. A lawyer for the US authorities, who want to try Assange on espionage charges, said the Australian computer expert was an 'ordinary' criminal whose publication of hundreds of thousands of secret military documents a decade ago put many people at risk of torture and death. (…) Assange's lawyer countered that the WikiLeaks publisher was being victimised by a 'lawless' US government that wanted to make an example of him. Lawyer Edward Fitzgerald also said the 'inhuman' conditions Assange was likely to face in an American prison would put him at high risk of suicide. (…) After a week of opening arguments, the extradition case is due to break until May, when the two sides will lay out their evidence. The judge is not expected to rule until several months after that, with the losing side likely to appeal."

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24.02.2020

"A Bernie Sanders presidency could be a nightmare for Saudi Arabia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/bernie-sanders-presidency-nightmare-saudi-arabia-20022307095731
9.html

Spätestens seit seinem Vorwahlsieg in Nevada gilt Bernie Sanders unter den Präsidentschaftskandidaten der US-Demokraten als klarer Favorit. In Saudi-Arabien werde dies mit einiger Sorge beobachtet, berichtet Joe Macaron. Auch die anderen Kandidaten ständen dem Königreich keineswegs positiv gegenüber. "What might happen if Trump loses the election? All leading centrist and leftist presidential candidates, except Michael Bloomberg, tend to project negative views of the Saudi leadership. This reflects the general mood among liberals in primaries influenced by a left-leaning Democratic base. (…) A Sanders presidency would go further than the Washington establishment in keeping a check and balance on Saudi policy, which might create friction between the White House and key national security agencies. Sanders, who has advocated against the interests of the US defence industry and corporate America, could use foreign policy towards Saudi Arabia as a way to demonstrate how his call for wealth distribution at home might impact US policy abroad. (…) If Sanders, or another Democratic president, were to challenge the Saudi leadership, Riyadh would most likely leverage its strongest pressure tool, its wealth, in retaliation. Saudi Arabia spent $18bn on US weapons in 2017, has nearly doubled its ownership of US government debt under Trump to just under $180bn, and is now the biggest source of capital for US startups. It could threaten to shift its resources to China and Russia, among other places. Any Democratic president would have to make these calculations before deciding on an approach towards Saudi Arabia."

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22.02.2020

"In the wake of Hanau, an annual neo-Nazi rally is banned in Sofia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/wake-hanau-annual-neo-nazi-rally-banned-sofia-200221134324004.html

In Reaktion auf den rechtsterroristischen Anschlag in Hanau ist ein Aufmarsch europäischer Neo-Nazis in Sofia gestoppt worden. "Days after at least nine people were killed in Germany in a far-right attack, neo-Nazis from across Europe were stopped from marching in Sofia, Bulgaria's capital, as they had done every year since 2003. Hundreds of far-right activists from across the continent had started arriving in Sofia in advance of the weekend for Saturday's planned Lukov March to honour a Nazi collaborator, expecting to take part in a torchlit rally. But on Friday, a higher court ruling upheld Sofia mayor Yordanka Fandakova's ban; in previous years, her attempts to halt the march were overturned."

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18.02.2020

"Is the US heading to the front lines of European defence?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/heading-front-lines-european-defence-200218120208454.html

Das US-Militär wird in Europa ab Februar für mehrere Monate die Militärübung "Defender-Europe" durchführen, mit der die schnelle Truppenverlegung an die Grenze zu Russland geprobt werden soll. An der größten Militärübung seit Jahrzehnten sollen sich 20.000 US-Soldaten beteiligen. "'The overarching goal of the event is to demonstrate the ability of the US to lift and shift a division-size force over long distances,' said Tod D Wolters, NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Europe earlier this month. 'The planning in itself is deterrence,' he said. Defender Europe will involve army, navy and air force exercises across eight European countries stretching to the European Union's eastern border with Russia. Although US officials do not say it is designed to counter a Russian threat, the demonstration of US force capability comes after years of piecemeal reinforcements of NATO's eastern flank following Russia's annexation of Crimea in March 2014."

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17.02.2020

"Three scenarios for the battle for Idlib"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/scenarios-battle-idlib-200217090635717.html

Wenn die türkische Allianz mit Russland Bestand haben soll, muss sich Ankara angesichts des Vormarsches der syrischen Regierungstruppen in der Idlib-Provinz zurückhalten, meint Marwan Kabalan. Er erläutert drei mögliche Szenarien für die Entwicklung in der Provinz: "The first and the most favourable scenario for Turkey is Russia agreeing to uphold the de-escalation zone agreement in Idlib and ordering the regime forces to return to the positions they held before its latest offensive. This could be combined with a revival of the political process and resumption of the meetings of the constitutional committee, tasked with drafting amendments to the Syrian constitution agreed upon by the regime, the opposition and the international community. (…) The second scenario is Turkey accepting the new realities on the ground and allowing the Syrian regime to control the M4 and M5 highways, but using force to forestall any further advance. It could seek to establish 'a safe zone' in Idlib by setting up reinforced defence positions along the frontline and supplying the Syrian opposition with heavy weapons, especially anti-aircraft missiles. (…) The third scenario - and one which Turkey wants to avoid - is an escalation with Russia. The presence of anti-aircraft weapons on the ground raises the risk of a Russian aircraft being shot down. The Turkish military is likely taking precautions to avoid such a dangerous development, but given massive deployments on the ground, it is the closest it has been since 2015 to a confrontation with Russian forces."

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12.02.2020

"Indonesia says will not repatriate citizens who fought with ISIL"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/indonesia-repatriate-citizens-fought-isil-200212050022478.html

Auch in Indonesien gibt es eine Debatte über den Umgang mit einheimischen IS-Kämpfern, die aus Syrien oder Irak zurückkehren wollen. Die Regierung in Jakarta hat sich nun offen gegen eine Rückführung von fast 700 Extremisten und ihrer Familienangehörigen ausgesprochen. "'We've decided that the government has to provide security assurance to 267 million Indonesian citizens,' the minister said Tuesday, after a meeting with President Joko Widodo who is commonly known as Jokowi, near Jakarta. 'If these foreign terrorist fighters return home they could become a dangerous new virus,' he added. The government would consider repatriating children 10 years old or younger on a 'case by case basis', he added, without elaborating. (…) Experts say if they were repatriated they would need to be rehabilitated and carefully monitored. 'If they're not managed well by the government, there is a possibility they'll be used as proxies by powerful groups that could threaten Indonesia and other countries,' said terrorism expert Taufik Andrie."

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10.02.2020

"Turkey retaliates after Syrian government shelling kills 5 troops"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/turkey-retaliates-syrian-government-shelling-kills-5-troops-200210
201602891.html

In der syrischen Idlib-Provinz ist es in den vergangenen Tagen zu Kämpfen zwischen türkischen und syrischen Regierungstruppen gekommen. "An attack by Syrian government forces killed five Turkish soldiers in northwest Syria on Monday, threatening further escalation in the region after another deadly artillery strike last week. (…) Turkey immediately responded and 'neutralised' more than 100 enemy targets, the defence ministry said in a statement. (…) Following that attack, Ankara warned Syrian government forces to retreat to lines agreed in a 2018 ceasefire by the end of February. However, Syria's military promised to continue its campaign, which is focused on seizing two highways linking Aleppo to other government-controlled areas."

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09.02.2020

"France in Africa: Is it all about the oil?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/countingthecost/2020/02/france-africa-oil-200208135802152.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm Counting the Cost wird darauf hingewiesen, dass Frankreich keine Probleme damit habe, bei der Umsetzung seiner Afrika-Strategie autoritäre Regierungen und Warlords zu unterstützen. Dabei werden Paris auch handfeste wirtschaftliche Interessen unterstellt. "In Libya, Macron has thrown his lot behind the renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar, secretly supplying arms and training despite the UN and Libya’s former colonial power, Italy, backing the government in Tripoli. (…) And while fighting so-called 'Islamist' militants, France deployed warplanes to attack a rebel convoy in northern Chad, helping to keep President Idriss Deby in power. Deby has faced several coup attempts since gaining power in 1990. But is it all about the oil? 'Really what Macron has presented is the case for a changed relationship with Africa, not so much a reducing or a retreat from the continent, but much more for putting the relationship on to a new footing,' Paul Melly, consulting fellow at Chatham House, tells Al Jazeera. 'And you can see that most strongly in the relationship with the West African countries, and particularly the very troubled Sahel region on the margins of the Sahara where Macron has argued the case for much more of a partnership approach but also economic reforms.' Melly adds that France has 'long-standing traditional economic and security interests' in a range of countries, from Chad right down through Central Africa, that do not have a good governance record."

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07.02.2020

"Palestinian refugee crisis: Longing for 'right of return'"

http://https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/palestinian-refugee-crisis-longing-right-return-20020710575
1675.html

Natasha Ghoneim berichtet in ihrer Videoreportage aus Amman über eine palästinensische Familie in Jordanien, die unterhalb der Armutsgrenze lebt und die Hoffnung auf eine Rückkehr aufgegeben hat. "They are sometimes described as the people of a forgotten war. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees are either living in Syria or have sought refuge in Lebanon or Jordan since the Syrian war began in 2011. And the so-called 'right of return' of Palestinians to their homeland remains as far from reach as ever."

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04.02.2020

"Libya rivals show 'genuine will' to start ceasefire talks: UN"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/libya-rivals-show-genuine-start-ceasefire-talks-200204103250564.ht
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Dem UN-Sondergesandten für Libyen, Ghassan Salamé, zufolge haben die Konfliktparteien in Libyen Interesse an ernsthaften Verhandlungen über einen Waffenstillstand gezeigt. "The United Nations envoy to Libya has said representatives of the country's rival factions attending talks in Geneva agree in principle to turning a fragile truce into a lasting ceasefire, as he decried ongoing violations of an arms embargo by both sides and their backers. (…) But the issue may take active international support to be solved, added the envoy, hinting at the major foreign players backing Haftar's manoeuvres. Arturo Varvelli, a Libya expert and head of the Rome office of the European Council for Foreign Relations said he remained sceptical that the military council would achieve any concrete results. 'The problem lies with the pressures and interference of foreign powers on the players, regardless of the Libyans’ willingness to come to an agreement,' Varvelli told Aljazeera."

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03.02.2020

"More than a dozen civilians killed in latest Burkina Faso attack"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/dozen-civilians-killed-latest-burkina-faso-attack-200203045907135.
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Bei einem Angriff schwerbewaffneter Männer im Norden Burkina Fasos sind mindestens 18 Menschen getötet worden. "Heavily armed men on motorbikes on Saturday attacked Lamdamol village in the Bani municipality, north of the capital, Ouagadougou, a security source told AFP news agency on Monday. A local health official, speaking from the town of Dori in the north, said the village's chief nurse was among the victims. (…) There was no claim of responsibility for the attack. A number of similar incidents occurred a week ago in the country's north, with one on January 25 leaving 39 civilians dead in the neighbouring province of Soum, northwest of Seno. Burkina Faso borders Mali to the northwest and Niger to the east, with all three Sahelian countries struggling to contain increasingly frequent attacks on civilians and army positions."

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29.01.2020

"Anger in Palestine over Trump plan, but protests see low turnout"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/anger-palestine-trump-plan-protests-turnout-200129130735839.html

An den organisierten palästinensischen Protesten gegen den Nahost-Friedensplan der USA haben sich bislang weniger Demonstranten als erwartet beteiligt. "(…) while Palestinians were angered by Trump's announcement on Tuesday, with some referring to it as 'a new Balfour Declaration', many brushed off the US-Israeli announcement as 'nothing new'. 'The announcement brought us a lot of anger and disappointment,' said Maan Musatafa, a 39-year-old taxi driver in the occupied West Bank. 'But the reality is, we have been living under this deal and under de facto Israeli occupation for decades. So, the announcement wasn't new or shocking,' he told Al Jazeera. Seif Abdo, a 27-year-old student from East Jerusalem, agreed: 'Nothing is new. Nothing has changed. It's already our reality.'"

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29.01.2020

"What will Palestinians lose if Israel annexes Jordan Valley?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/palestinians-lose-israel-annexes-jordan-valley-200128185727186.htm
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Al Jazeera erläutert, welche Bedeutung eine israelische Annexion des Jordantals für die Palästinenser hätte. "The Jordan Valley is a fertile strip of land that stretches from the north of the Dead Sea along the eastern perimeter of the West Bank, bordering the Kingdom of Jordan. It is home to 65,000 Palestinians in 28 villages and 11,000 illegal Israeli settlers. The total land to be annexed comprises almost 30 percent of the West Bank. Under Netanyahu's current plan, the city of Jericho would be cut off from other Palestinian towns in the West Bank. According to the United Nation's OCHA, it is home to approximately 20,000 Palestinians. In a future Palestinian state, the plan will leave West Bank isolated from its Arab neighbour, Jordan. (…) The annexation of the Jordan Valley separates the West Bank from the River Jordan, which forms its eastern border with Jordan. The river feeds over 80,000 hectares (197,684 acres) of agricultural lands and fish farms. Controlling this region enables full reign for Israel to divert the river's waters to new and pre-existing illegal settlements in the West Bank."

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26.01.2020

"When will landmines be cleared?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2020/01/landmines-cleared-200126200740473.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm "Inside Story" haben sich Experten mit den andauernden Problemen bei der Räumung von Landminen beschäftigt. "They are the dormant legacy of war until, of course, they are triggered. Landmines continue to affect the lives of so many people even decades after conflicts end, as it is with leftovers from the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. Iraq is one of the world's most affected countries with thousands of landmines planted close to the Iran-Iraq border. Around this time of the year, they are even more of a problem. The rainy season means earth gets washed away, which can reveal new mines, or even relocate ones which were already identified. But how big is the challenge of clearing them? And are these explosive remnants treated with the same seriousness as in an active conflict?"

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25.01.2020

"El Salvador general admits army carried out El Mozote massacre"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/el-salvador-general-admits-army-carried-el-mozote-massacre-2001251
55053149.html

In El Salvador hat ein General im Ruhestand zugegeben, dass eine von den USA ausgebildete Eliteeinheit des Militärs 1981 im Osten des Landes etwa 1.000 Menschen ermordet hat. Der Massenmord gilt in Lateinamerika Al Jazeera zufolge als das brutalste Massaker des 20. Jahrhunderts. "Juan Rafael Bustillo, a former commander of the Air Force, told a court on Friday that the elite United States-trained Atlacatl Battalion carried out the El Mozote massacre in eastern El Salvador in which unarmed villagers, most of them women and children, were slaughtered. According to a United Nations report, soldiers tortured and executed nearly 1,000 residents of El Mozote and surrounding hamlets in the Morazan department, 180 kilometres (112 miles) northeast of San Salvador, as they searched for rebel fighters in December 1981. (…) The 1980-1992 civil war, which pitted left-wing rebel groups against the US-backed Salvadoran army, lead to the deaths of an estimated 75,000 people and left 8,000 more missing."

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21.01.2020

"West Africa piracy: Regional navies work to curb maritime crime"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/west-africa-piracy-regional-navies-work-curb-maritime-crime-200121
104627999.html

Nicolas Haque berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag aus Dakar über die gemeinsamen Bemühungen westafrikanischer Staaten bei der Bekämpfung des Piratenunwesens im Golf von Guinea. "The Gulf of Guinea is now one of the world's most dangerous places for piracy as the number of ships hijacked there has more than doubled in the past year. So West African states are meeting to ensure they can tackle the growing challenge in advance of the expected surge in oil and gas flows after reserves were discovered off Senegal and Mauritania's waters."

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20.01.2020

"'Here to stay', vow Iraqi protesters as deadly violence surges"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/stay-vow-iraqi-protesters-deadly-violence-surges-200120175214929.h
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Bei neuen Protesten gegen die irakische Regierung in Baghdad, Kerbela, and Baquba sind mindestens fünf Demonstranten durch Sicherheitskräfte getötet worden. "Iraqi protesters vowed to continue their escalation until demands for an independent prime minister and snap elections are met, as deadly violence surged in Baghdad and several key southern cities. (…) The violence came as security forces tried to clear main highways and squares after protesters gathered to decry the government's lack of response to their demands. Last Monday, demonstrators gave the government a week's deadline to respond to key demands, which included the appointment of an independent prime minister and holding snap elections under a new electoral law. As the deadline expired at midnight, protesters geared up for further escalations to express their anger. They sealed off main highways and roads inside and around the city, setting tyres on fire, turning back cars and putting up metal barriers to seal off central areas."

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14.01.2020

"How pro-Western is Ukraine's response to plane crash in Iran?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/pro-western-ukraines-response-plane-crash-iran-200114153009790.htm
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Die Regierung in Kiew habe bei ihrer Reaktion auf den Abschuss eines ukrainischen Passagierflugzeugs durch den Iran auch ihr Verhältnis zum Westen im Auge gehabt, schreibt Mansur Mirovalev. Präsident Zelenskyy habe bewusst zwei Tage lang mit vorschnellen Schuldzuweisungen gewartet, was sowohl kritisiert als auch gelobt worden sei. "'First, there was silence, then - harsh statements,' Kyiv-based political analyst, Aleksey Kushch, told Al Jazeera, referring to Zelenskyy. 'As a result, the tragedy of the Ukrainian plane [crash] is being used in geopolitical games.' 'Ukraine [did] not respond properly to the attack on the plane that is seen as an attack on the Ukrainian state.' Kushch said Ukraine should have instead convened a United Nations security council to 'access the entire cause-and-effect chain of events'. But other experts saw Zelenskyy's reluctance to jump to conclusions and criticise Iran as a sign of his newfound political self-reliance. 'It reflects his independence. The West wanted him to immediately pressure Iran, but he held on for two days,' Kyiv-based analyst Mikhail Pogrebinsky told Al Jazeera, claiming that Western embassies in the Ukrainian capital sent multiple signals to Zelenskyy urging him to condemn Iran."

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13.01.2020

"Saudi Arabia executed 184 people in 2019: Rights group"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/saudi-arabia-executed-184-people-2019-rights-group-200113135624530
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Der Menschenrechtsorganisation Reprieve zufolge sind in Saudi-Arabien im vergangenen Jahr 184 Menschen hingerichtet worden. "Saudi Arabia executed 184 people in 2019, the most in a calendar year in six years, human rights organisation Reprieve has said, calling it a 'grim milestone' for the kingdom. Of the executions announced by the Saudi Press Agency last year, 88 were Saudi nationals, 90 were foreign nationals and six people were of unknown nationality, a statement released on Monday by Reprieve said. The group said 37 people were executed by the Saudi government on a single day on April 23, including three who were children when they had committed their alleged offences. (…) The statement by Reprieve quoted [the rights group's director, Maya Foa,] as saying: 'A country that tortures and executes children should be a pariah state, not preparing to host the next meeting of the G20.'"

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12.01.2020

"Threatening culture in Trumpian times"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/threatening-culture-trumpian-times-200112111745709.html

Nach der mittlerweile zurückgezogenen Drohung des US-Präsidenten, im Fall eines Kriegs gegen den Iran auch Kulturstätten anzugreifen, wirft Mark LeVine einen kritischen Blick auf den völkerrechtlichen Schutz des Weltkulturerbes. "It is hard for any humane person to argue with the importance of protecting World Heritage Sites, and we can only hope all these conventions, resolutions and laws continue to prevent Trump and other leaders from destroying any more of the world's material and built heritage. But if we return to the event that led to the creation of the World Heritage list - the building of the Aswan High Dam - the darker side of this emphasis on protecting material, built and artistic culture and heritage becomes apparent. While the world came together to spend huge sums to disassemble, move and reconstruct Abu Simbel and Philae and created the political and financial infrastructure to protect other sites around the world, the tens of thousands of poor and marginalised Nubian Egyptians who lived for millennia in the area of the Nile flooded by the dam were unceremoniously driven from their homeland and are still suffering from the scars of their displacement and battling with the government to return. (…) If the kulturkrieg (cultural war) between the US and Iran and the tragic loss of life it has already produced are to have any positive consequence, it would be to remind us that threats to our greatest cultural achievements are even more so threats to the people without whom they could not exist, and who, as individuals and collectives, continue to create and perform culture anew, day in and day out."

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09.01.2020

"UN envoy: 'Devastating surge' of attacks in Sahel and West Africa"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/envoy-devastating-surge-attacks-sahel-west-africa-200109011431355.
html

Dem UN-Sondergesandten für Westafrika, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, zufolge hat sich die Zahl der Terrorangriffe gegen zivile und militärische Ziele in Burkina Faso, Mali und Niger seit 2016 verfünffacht. Dabei seien über 4.000 Menschen getötet worden. "In Burkina Faso, deaths rose even more dramatically from about 80 in 2016 to more than 1,800 in 2019, he said. 'Most significantly, the geographic focus of terrorist attacks has shifted eastwards from Mali to Burkina Faso and is increasingly threatening West African coastal states,' Chambas said. The UN envoy said attacks are often 'deliberate efforts by violent extremists to capture weapons and trafficking routes' and engage in illicit activities including illegal mining that sustain their operations. (…) In a report to the Security Council in late July, UN experts said 'the most striking international developments' during the first six months of 2019 included 'the growing ambition and reach of terrorist groups in the Sahel and West Africa' where fighters from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) and al-Qaeda armed groups were collaborating to undermine fragile countries."

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06.01.2020

"Soleimani is no anti-imperialist hero"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/soleimani-anti-imperialist-hero-200105211451136.html

Malak Chabkoun kritisiert, dass einige westliche Linke den getöteten iranischen General Suleimani bei ihren Protesten gegen die US-Operation als "antiimperialistischen Helden" präsentieren. "Much of the left in the West (the same ones who describe themselves as progressives) also viciously attacked people in the Middle East who celebrated the deaths of Soleimani and al-Muhandis. While it is wrong to praise Trump's decision to assassinate the two commanders as a 'noble deed', framing what happened within the old, tired left-wing narrative of US imperialism erases the regional context and the suffering of millions of people in the Middle East at the hands of other powers. Indeed, it is important to expose Trump's recklessness and political opportunism, but it is inexcusable to ignore the crimes of Soleimani and al-Muhandis and those who they served."

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31.12.2019

"US caught off guard as protesters storm Baghdad embassy: analysts"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/caught-guard-protesters-storm-baghdad-embassy-analysts-19123111413
3021.html

Der Sturm von irakischen Anhängern der schiitischen Miliz Kataib Hizbollah auf die US-Botschaft in Bagdad erinnert einige US-Experten an die politischen Umstände der Geiselnahme von 1979 in Teheran. "Doug Bandow, research fellow at the Cato Institute in Washington, DC, (…) criticised the Trump administration for its 'lack of good intelligence and understanding' of current Iraqi politics. 'The Trump administration has also poisoned its relations with Iran, which is the key player in Iraq, when it pulled out of a landmark nuclear agreement with Tehran last year and imposed punishing sanctions against it,' he said. (…) Bandow argued that US leaders should be feeling nervous because Iraq now has a weak and 'headless' government, a political environment similar to Iran in 1979 when a group of Iranian students took over the US embassy in Tehran and held 52 American citizens and diplomats hostage for 440 days."

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