US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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05.07.2020

"What was the deadly India-China border clash really about?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/deadly-india-china-border-clash-200702113826083.html

Tariq Mir führt den blutigen Zwischenfall an der indisch-chinesischen Grenze am 15. Juni im Himalaja auch auf die indische Entscheidung zurück, den Sonderstatus Kaschmirs aufzuheben. "For nearly 70 years, a tacit understanding of sorts had kept the three countries, all of which hold portions of the land of Kashmir, from doing anything drastic to bring about a change to its fragile status quo. But India upended the agreement by annulling the autonomy and cutting the state into two halves, and as a result, the region, described once by former US President Bill Clinton as 'the most dangerous place in the world', descended into a free-for-all. (…) The face-off between Chinese and Indian troops in Ladakh might eventually turn out to be only a sideshow to what could become a much bigger military confrontation this year between India and Pakistan along their long border in Kashmir. If Modi were to suffer a debacle in Ladakh, which, whatever way you look at it, is a possibility, for the Chinese do not seem to be in a mood to retreat and the Indian army cannot push out a much superior military force, he would then mobilise the public opinion against Pakistan to boost his own falling ratings."

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29.06.2020

"Libya: Haftar's forces mobilise mercenaries for Sirte battle"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/libya-haftar-forces-mobilise-mercenaries-sirte-battle-200629070036
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LNA-General Haftar will beim möglicherweise bevorstehenden Kampf um die Stadt Sirte auf die Unterstützung durch "tausende" ausländische Söldner zurückgreifen, berichtet Al Jazeera. "Eastern-based forces allied with renegade Libyan military commander Khalifa Haftar have sent thousands of foreign mercenaries to fight in a looming battle for the strategic city of Sirte. Local sources from the city of Kufra, in southeastern Libya, told Al Jazeera that numerous convoys of foreign fighters on Sunday passed through the city Ajdabiya, which is located between Benghazi and Sirte. Haftar-allied forces released a video showing military reinforcements being deployed from Benghazi, where the eastern forces are based, towards Sirte, 570km (354 miles) to the west. The reinforcements included Sudanese and Chadian fighters, as well as more than 3,000 Russian mercenaries, sources said."

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25.06.2020

"Coronavirus restrictions threaten democracy, global leaders warn"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/coronavirus-restrictions-threaten-democracy-global-leaders-warn-20
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Eine Gruppe von über 500 politischen Führungspersönlichkeiten, Nobelpreisträgern und Aktivisten hat in einem Offenen Brief auf die Gefährdung der Demokratie durch die Corona-Pandemie aufmerksam gemacht. "In an open letter on Thursday, signed by former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, actor Richard Gere and Nobel Peace Prize laureates Shirin Ebadi, Lech Walesa and Jose Ramos-Horta among others, the authors said the measures introduced to stem the spread of the virus pose a threat to human and political rights. 'The current pandemic represents a formidable global challenge to democracy,' the letter said. 'Authoritarians around the world see the COVID-19 crisis as a new political battleground in their fight to stigmatise democracy as feeble and reverse its dramatic gains of the past few decades. (…) Even some democratically elected governments are fighting the pandemic by amassing emergency powers that restrict human rights and enhance state surveillance without regard to legal constraints, parliamentary oversight or timeframes for the restoration of constitutional order,' the authors asserted. The letter - the aim of which is to raise 'awareness and mobilise citizens' - was initiated by the Stockholm-based International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)."

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23.06.2020

"Libya's GNA, US Africa Command to jointly 'fight terrorism'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/libya-gna-africa-command-jointly-fight-terrorism-200623083309187.h
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Die libysche Übergangsregierung hat mit dem US-Afrikakommando (Africom) Pläne für eine Zusammenarbeit bei der Bekämpfung von "Terroristen" diskutiert. "The Libyan-American discussions were held as foreign ministers from the Arab League on Tuesday were to hold an emergency meeting to try and find a diplomatic solution in Libya amid increasing foreign intervention and heightened fighting. (…) Libya has been torn apart by violence drawing in tribal militias and foreign actors since the 2011 toppling and killing of longtime dictator Muammar Gaddafi in a Western-backed uprising. The oil-rich country is split between rival administrations in the east and west, with the conflict recently attracting increasing foreign involvement. 'In the context of escalating foreign intervention in Libya, the meeting focused on current opportunities for a strategic pause in military operations by all parties to the conflict,' the US Embassy in Tripoli said in a statement."

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20.06.2020

"China lays claim to Galwan Valley, blames India for border clash"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/china-lays-claim-galwan-valley-blames-india-border-clash-200620072
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Nach dem blutigen Zusammenstoß zwischen indischen und chinesischen Truppen in der umstrittenen Grenzregion Ladakh im Himalaja geben sich beide Seiten die Schuld für die Eskalation. "China says the Galwan Valley where Chinese and Indian troops were engaged in a deadly clash falls entirely within its territory, as Beijing blamed New Delhi for the June 15 military clash at the border that left 20 Indian soldiers dead. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said in a statement on Friday that the Galwan Valley, which is part of the disputed Ladakh region, is located on the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) - the de facto border between the two Asian rivals. (…) Commenting on China’s claim to the Galwan Valley, India's foreign ministry spokesman Anurag Srivastava said on Saturday 'attempts by the Chinese side to now advance exaggerated and untenable' claims over the LAC are 'not acceptable'. 'They are not in accordance with China's own position in the past,' he said in a statement, adding that Indian troops did not cross the LAC and had been patrolling the area 'for a long time'." 

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10.06.2020

"What's behind GNA's decision to launch offensive to seize Sirte?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/gna-decision-launch-offensive-seize-sirte-200609174428045.html

Nach ihren militärischen Erfolgen im Westen Libyens haben die Truppen der Übergangsregierung in Tripolis eine Offensive zur Einnahme der Stadt Sirte eröffnet. Ramy Allahoum erklärt die Hintergründe der Operation, die viele Experten überrascht habe. "(…) some analysts warned the GNA's decision to continue pursuing Haftar eastwards was counterintuitive and risked jeopardising the gains it has achieved so far. 'I don't see a strategic rationale for the GNA-aligned militias' continued push eastward,' said Jason Pack, a fellow at the Middle East Institute and founder of risk consultancy Libya Analysis LLC, in reference to Sirte. Pack said the decision was all the more surprising in light of recent reports suggesting that Turkey and Russia - which support the GNA and LNA, respectively - appeared to have previously reached an agreement on spheres of influence. (…) Internal dynamics go some way towards explaining the GNA's inclination to opt for a military solution that would see Haftar further marginalised."

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08.06.2020

"Why is the US pulling troops out of Germany?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2020/06/pulling-troops-germany-200608170432478.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm "Inside Story" haben die Experten Andrew Bacevich, Ulrich Brueckner und Pavel Felgenhauer über die Hintergründe des von US-Präsident Trump in Aussicht gestellten Abzugs von US-Truppen aus Deutschland diskutiert. "They are a legacy of World War II and a symbol of US commitment to protecting its European allies. But United States military forces stationed in Germany are reportedly going to be significantly reduced. US President Donald Trump plans to pull out 9,500 American soldiers by September, reducing the total number to 25,000. Troops will either be deployed elsewhere or brought home. It is being seen as the latest twist in relations between Washington and Berlin. Tensions between the two sides have been strained over a number of disagreements, but defence spending has been of particular concern for Trump. He has repeatedly pressed Germany to increase its military budget and has criticised NATO allies for relying on the US to shoulder the costs of maintaining the alliance. But why is this move coming now and should US allies and NATO be concerned?"

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04.06.2020

"Analysis: Turkey is winning in Libya, but challenges remain"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/analysis-turkey-winning-libya-challenges-remain-20060414092552
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Die Türkei hat mit ihrem Eintritt in den libyschem Bürgerkrieg Sinem Koseoglu zufolge eine militärische Wende zugunsten der Regierung der Nationalen Übereinkunft (GNA) herbeigeführt. Es bleibe abzuwarten, ob dies auch zu einem politischen Durchbruch führen wird. "For now, Turkey appears to have come out of Libya's multi-faceted conflict as a clear winner. But some experts continue to voice concerns that Libya could soon become a new Syria for Turkey, where it is locked in a costly cycle of conflict and cooperation with Russia. (…) Turkish security analyst and former military officer Abdullah Agar, however, told Al Jazeera he believed Libya is unlikely to become a 'swamp' for Turkey like Syria. Turkey found itself in a difficult situation in Syria, he argued, because it supported a wide range of rebel groups against an oppressive but established government in the conflict. In Libya, he explained, Turkey is supporting the only legitimate player, the GNA, against a strongman in a conflict that is gradually being transformed into a contest between major power blocks - namely the Sino-Russian Eurasian alliance and NATO."

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03.06.2020

"Venezuela's Maduro joins hands with Guaido in fight against virus"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/venezuela-maduro-joins-hands-guaido-fight-virus-200603103335964.ht
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In Venezuela wollen Präsident Maduro und Oppositionschef Juan Guaido bei der Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie zusammenarbeiten. "The government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and opposition leader Juan Guaido have reached an agreement to cooperate to raise funds for the fight against the coronavirus. The one-page agreement was signed on June 1 between Health Minister Carlos Alvarado, Dr Julio Castro, who leads the National Assembly's commission on the coronavirus, and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Information Minister Jorge Rodriguez said on Tuesday. (…) 'COVID-19 does not respect or discriminate against gender, orientation or political party,' Rodriguez said on state television on Tuesday night. 'So this is good news, a good start, so that we can deepen our work together to combat COVID-19.'"

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03.06.2020

"Does the militarisation of US police encourage excessive force?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/militarisation-police-encourage-excessive-force-200601195340742.ht
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Einige Beobachter machen die Militarisierung vieler amerikanischer Polizeibehörden für die oft aggressiven Reaktionen der Polizisten auf die Proteste und Ausschreitungen in den USA mitverantwortlich. "The US police force is heavily militarised, thanks to the transfer of surplus military goods to law enforcement departments across the US for decades. The scenes playing out across the US today have renewed worries that the militarisation of police has created a climate among law enforcement that encourages excessive force. 'In city after city, we are witnessing actions that could be considered unnecessary or excessive force,' said Rachel Ward, national director of research at Amnesty International USA. 'Equipping officers in a manner more appropriate for a battlefield may put them in the mindset that confrontation and conflict are inevitable,' Ward said in a statement on Saturday."

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31.05.2020

"Surveillance is getting under our skin - and that should alarm us"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/surveillance-skin-alarm-200527135135268.html

Die Coronakrise könnte die Einführung tiefgreifender Überwachungstechnologien in bedenklichem Maße beschleunigen, warnt Yuval Noah Harari. "The coronavirus is a kind of watershed event for surveillance. Firstly, it is spreading everywhere with the disease. And secondly, we are seeing a change in the nature of surveillance from over the skin surveillance to under the skin surveillance. (…) what is happening now is that surveillance is beginning to go under the skin - revealing not just what we do, but how we feel. (…) once surveillance goes under the skin, it can be used for many other purposes. For example, if you read this article or watch the accompanying video, it might offer some clue about your political views or personality. (…) The implications of this are extreme. They can go all the way to the establishment of new totalitarian regimes - worse than anything we have seen before. They can also result in huge revolutions in the job market, in the economy, in personal relations."

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28.05.2020

"'Largest drone war in the world': How airpower saved Tripoli"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/libya-battle-sky-air-superiority-changed-war-200527135230131.html

Alex Gatopoulos macht auf die große Bedeutung von Luftstreitkräften im libyschen Bürgerkrieg aufmerksam. So sei die Offensive von General Haftar und seiner LNA-Truppen vor der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis vor allem wegen der Entsendung einer modernen türkischen Drohnenflotte gestoppt worden. "The arrival of Chinese-made Wing Loong drones in 2016 made a significant difference to the LNA's military capabilities. (…) These drones were used to great effect in the battle for Tripoli, which General Haftar announced in April 2019 against the GNA. (…) There were now doubts that the UN-recognised GNA, led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, could hold out much longer, despite support from Italy and Qatar. (…) That all changed in December 2019 when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan confirmed Turkey would sharply increase its military support for al-Serraj and the GNA. Along with troops, Erdogan sent Turkish-made armed drones, namely the Bayraktar TB2. Smaller and with a much shorter range than the Wing Loong, the Bayraktar was still able to engage and destroy the LNA's ground targets, harass its supply lines, and attack forward air bases that were once considered safe. Pro-government ground troops could now advance with air cover, the enemy's positions known to their commanders."

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24.05.2020

"Is Libya's Khalifa Haftar on the way out?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/libya-khalifa-haftar-200523142442684.html

Der Versuch von General Haftar zur Einnahme der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis steht nach einer von der Türkei unterstützten Offensive der GNA-Truppen offenbar kurz vor dem Scheitern. Der erzwungene Rückzug Haftars erschüttere auch dessen politische Position, berichten Malik Traina und Ramy Allahoum. "The defeat, which LNA spokesman Ahmed Mismari sought to justify as a 'tactical withdrawal', has put the eastern-based Haftar in a difficult position, with his ability to keep his support base mobilised increasingly being questioned. Issa Tuwegiar, a former planning minister, told Al Jazeera that it is Haftar's fear of seeing his camp fragment that motivated his decision in late April to withdraw from a landmark power-sharing agreement and pledge to create a new government of his own. 'Haftar has failed in his mission to take over and guarantee the eastern tribes rent and favourable status in his new dictatorial regime,' said Tuwegiar."

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21.05.2020

"Iran dismisses new US sanctions as 'fruitless and repetitive'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/iran-dismisses-sanctions-fruitless-repetitive-200521075328752.html

Der Iran sieht in der angeblichen Erfolglosigkeit der gegen das Land verhängten US-Sanktionen ein Zeichen für die völlige Ineffizienz dieser Maßnahmen. "Iran has dismissed US sanctions on several of its officials, saying they were a sign of the complete inefficiency of Washington's previous sanctions on the country. 'Washington's fruitless and repetitive sanctions against Iranian officials is a sign of weakness, despair and confusion of the US administration,' state TV quoted Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi as saying on Thursday."

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14.05.2020

"Germany charges man with spying for Indian intelligence"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/germany-charges-man-spying-indian-intelligence-200513093516066.htm
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Der Generalbundesanwalt hat vor dem Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt Klage gegen einen indischen Mann erhoben, der für den indischen Geheimdienst oppositionelle Angehörige der Sikh-Gemeinde und Kaschmir-Aktivisten in Deutschland ausspioniert haben soll. "He is accused of agreeing to pass information on Sikhs and the 'Kashmir movement' and their relatives to an employee of India's Research and Analysis Wing, the foreign intelligence agency of India, on or before January 2015. According to prosecutors, the suspect was in regular telephone and personal contact with the Germany-based intelligence officer and passed on information 'in numerous cases' until December 2017. They did not specify whether he is in custody. 'He allegedly provided information about figures in the Sikh opposition scene and the Kashmiri movement and their relatives in Germany, and passed this on to his handlers who were working at the Indian consulate general in Frankfurt,' the higher regional court in the city said in a statement earlier this week. The trial will open on August 25."

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10.05.2020

"Hundreds gather in Baghdad in new round of anti-gov't protests"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/hundreds-gather-baghdad-anti-gov-protests-200510095037978.html

In Bagdad ist es am Sonntag erneut zu Protesten hunderter Demonstranten gegen die Regierung gekommen. "Hundreds of Iraqis have gathered in central Baghdad for fresh anti-government protests demanding better living conditions and an overhaul of the country's political system, just days after the formation of a new government. The gathering in Tahrir Square on Sunday came after Mustafa al-Kadhimi, the country's new prime minister, promised to release demonstrators arrested during the mass protests that erupted in October last year. (…) Sunday's protests stretched to other areas, including Iraq's southern city of al-Nasriya. Al Jazeera's Simona Foltyn, reporting from central Baghdad, said the gathering was the 'most significant' since March 17, when a curfew was imposed in an attempt to stem the spread of the coronavirus."

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07.05.2020

"US Afghan envoy to meet Taliban in Qatar in new efforts for peace"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/afghan-envoy-meet-taliban-qatar-efforts-peace-200507044349083.html

Vertreter der US-Regierung und der Taliban wollen bei neuen Gesprächen versuchen, Unstimmigkeiten bei der Umsetzung ihres im Februar vereinbarten Friedensabkommens zu klären. "The US special envoy to Afghanistan is on a mission to press Taliban negotiators in Doha and officials in India and Pakistan to support a reduction in violence, acceleration of intra-Afghan peace talks and cooperation on handling the coronavirus pandemic, the US Department of State said on Wednesday. Special Representative Zalmay Khalilzad's trip comes amid concerns that surging Taliban attacks and the coronavirus pandemic could deal potentially fatal blows to his stalled efforts to end decades of strife in Afghanistan."

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06.05.2020

"Syrians flee camps and return to destroyed homes in Idlib"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/syrians-flee-camps-return-destroyed-homes-idlib-200506070108278.ht
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Al Jazeera berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag über die Rückkehr syrischer Flüchtlinge in ihre oft zerstörten Häuser in Idlib. "A new United Nations report says Syria had the largest number of people displaced because of conflict last year. Almost a million people fled a government offensive in Idlib in December alone. Since a ceasefire in March, tens of thousands of people have returned to find their homes have been destroyed."

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01.05.2020

"Iran condemns Germany's ban on Hezbollah activity"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/iran-condemns-germany-ban-hezbollah-activity-200501114429167.html

Das Bundesinnenministerium hat sämtliche Aktivitäten der schiitisch-islamistischen Hisbollah in Deutschland verboten. In Iran ist die Entscheidung auf Kritik gestoßen. "Iran has condemned Berlin's ban of Hezbollah activity in Germany and its designation of the Iranian-backed Lebanese group as a terrorist organisation, saying the move serves US and Israeli interests, Iranian state media reported on Friday. German police on Thursday raided mosque associations alleged to be close to Hezbollah and banned all the group's activity on its soil after designating it a terrorist organisation, a much-anticipated step long urged by Israel and the United States."

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27.04.2020

"Dividing Yemen a key Saudi-UAE objective, analyst says"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/dividing-yemen-key-saudi-uae-objective-analyst-200427083159938.htm
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Einige Experten glauben Ali Younes zufolge, dass eine dauerhafte Teilung Jemens im sicherheitspolitischen Interesse Saudi-Arabiens und der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate wäre. "Both Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates would benefit from two weak states kept in perpetual conflict, expert says. (…) As a unified nation of about 28 million people, Yemen is the second-most populous country in the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia. With proven oil reserves and strategic ports, it has the potential of becoming a regional power if it stabilises, becomes democratic, and reduces its dire poverty, analysts say. (…) 'Unlike the UAE, Saudi Arabia cannot extract itself from Yemen so easily because it considers it part of its sphere of influence in the region. Saudi Arabia's main objective in Yemen is to maintain it as a weak state beholden to its objectives.' The best Saudi Arabia can hope for now is to keep Yemen in a 'low-grade' conflict that will maintain its weakness and prevent it from threatening Riyadh's regional hegemony, [Gamal Gasim, a Yemen analyst and professor of political science at Grand Valley State University in Michigan,] said."

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24.04.2020

"Pompeo says US may never restore WHO funds"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/pompeo-restore-funds-200423204040978.html

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat erneute Beitragszahlungen der USA an die WHO von einer "grundlegenden Reform" der Organisation abhängig gemacht. "Asked if he was not ruling out a change in leadership of the WHO, Pompeo replied: 'Even more than that, it may be the case that the United States can never return to underwriting, having US taxpayer dollars go to the WHO.' Democrats in the US House of Representatives responded to Pompeo's fresh attack on the WHO in a letter accusing the Trump administration of trying to 'scapegoat' the WHO to distract from its handling of the coronavirus outbreak. In a letter to Trump, they called for the immediate restoration of US funding, which Trump suspended last week, accusing the WHO of being 'China-centric' and of promoting China's 'disinformation' about the outbreak. (…) Earlier on Wednesday, Pompeo said the US 'strongly believed' Beijing had failed to report the outbreak in a timely manner, in breach of WHO rules, and that WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus did not use his ability 'to go public' when a member state failed to follow those rules."

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21.04.2020

"Trump says he rejected South Korea's offer for defence costs"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/trump-rejected-south-korea-offer-defence-costs-200421022510216.htm
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Der Streit zwischen Washington und Seoul über die Verteilung der Stationierungskosten der US-Truppen in Südkorea geht unvermindert weiter. US-Präsident Trump hat am Montag ein Gegenangebot der südkoreanischen Seite abgelehnt. "'Now they've offered us a certain amount of money and I've rejected it,' Trump said at a White House news conference on Monday, adding that Seoul was paying about a billion dollars a year towards the cost of stationing between 28,000 and 32,000 US troops there. (…) Late last year, talks between the US and South Korea over the cost of hosting American troops collapsed after the two parties failed to agree on the amount that Seoul should pay. South Korean legislators said US officials had demanded up to $5bn a year, about five times the 1.04 trillion won ($896m) Seoul agreed to pay in 2019 for hosting the 28,500 American troops. US officials have not publicly confirmed the number, but Trump has previously said the US military presence in and around South Korea was '$5bn worth of protection'."

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19.04.2020

"How coronavirus impacts Africa’s battle with locusts"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/start-here/2020/04/coronavirus-africas-locusts-starthere-20041912471
0127.html

Al Jazeera beschreibt in diesem Videobeitrag, wie die Corona-Pandemie den Kampf gegen die Heuschreckenplage in Afrika behindert. "Swarms of locusts - some the size of cities - are eating their way through the Horn of Africa and have now arrived in Pakistan. The UN says the insects could devastate crops and the livelihoods of farmers, leaving millions of people hungry. Lockdowns because of the coronavirus pandemic are also stopping shipments of badly needed pesticides. How did these swarms get so big? And how are people coping?"

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12.04.2020

"Saudi Arabia is preparing to end the war in Yemen"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/saudi-arabia-preparing-war-yemen-200412155912401.html

Saudi-Arabien könnte die Coronakrise als "bequeme" Begründung für eine Beendigung des Kriegs im Jemen nutzen, berichtet Imad K Harb. "By now it has become clear to Saudi Arabia and its allies that they cannot win the war in Yemen and that they urgently need an exit strategy. The coronavirus pandemic provides a convenient opportunity to save face by declaring an end to hostilities on humanitarian grounds. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) is eager to pull out of Yemen so he can focus his energies on addressing the growing economic crisis at home and the threat of an unmanageable COVID-19 outbreak. Most of all, he wants to ensure that his ascendance to the throne, once his father departs the scene, goes smoothly."

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05.04.2020

"Taliban warn deal with US in Afghanistan near breaking point"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/taliban-warn-peace-deal-afghanistan-breaking-point-200405185652146
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Steht das Friedensabkommen zwischen den USA und den Taliban vor einem frühen Ende? Die Taliban werfen den USA derzeit vor, mehrere Vereinbarungen des Deals zu ignorieren. "The Taliban has said the deal with the United States aimed at bringing peace to Afghanistan was nearing a breaking point, accusing Washington of violations that included drone attacks on civilians, while also chastising the Afghan government for delaying the release of 5,000 Taliban prisoners promised in the agreement. The Taliban said it had restricted attacks against Afghan security forces to rural outposts and had not attacked international forces or Afghan forces in cities or military installations. (…) The Taliban has accused the Afghan government of using 'indefensible arguments' to explain the repeated delays in releasing a promised 5,000 Taliban prisoners in exchange for 1,000 government personnel. The US military in Afghanistan rejected the Taliban's claim, saying it had upheld the military terms of the agreement and that Taliban's assertions were 'baseless'."

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24.03.2020

"US cuts Afghan aid by $1bn after Pompeo fails to end impasse"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/cuts-afghan-aid-1bn-pompeo-fails-impasse-200324015906774.html

Nach dem Besuch von Außenminister Pompeo in Kabul hat die US-Regierung die Finanzhilfen für Afghanistan um eine Milliarde US-Dollar gekürzt. Hintergrund ist der andauernde Konflikt zwischen Präsident Ghani und seinem Rivalen Abdullah, der die Umsetzung des Friedensabkommens der USA mit den Taliban gefährdet. "The United States also is prepared to cut another $1bn worth of assistance in 2021 and is conducting 'a review of all of our programmes and projects to identify additional reductions and reconsider our pledges to future donor conferences for Afghanistan,' Pompeo said in a statement. Pompeo's statement came as he flew home from a fruitless day-long effort in Kabul to end competing claims to the presidency by Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah and win their agreement to form 'an inclusive government.' The harshly worded announcement at the end of the mission he undertook despite the spreading global coronavirus pandemic underscored how badly stalled the US-led effort to end America's longest war and decades of strife in Afghanistan has become."

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17.03.2020

"As COVID-19 crackdowns grow in Europe, rights groups urge caution"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/covid-19-crackdowns-grow-europe-rights-groups-urge-caution-2003171
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Menschenrechtsexperten der UNO warnen Ylenia Gostoli zufolge davor, dass Regierungen die aktuell notwendigen Einschränkungen bürgerlicher Rechte missbrauchen könnten. "UN human rights experts called on states to tread carefully, warning against misusing emergency powers invoked. 'The danger is that states, particularly non-democratic or less open societies, would use the opportunity given by the health emergency to crack down on particular minority groups, or individuals or groups that they see as highly problematic,' Fionnuala Ni Aolain, the UN special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, told Al Jazeera. 'We need to ensure that when the emergency ends, states return to normal and do not continue to use these powers in ways they were not intended to do,' she said, adding that emergency powers introduced after 9/11 and still in place after 20 years constitute an undesirable precedent. 'States might find, as we often see in the counterterrorism space, that extensive powers are very comfortable, and they give them a lot more leeway than they usually have. The key point is that leeway shouldn't be used indefinitely.'"

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17.03.2020

"War-ravaged Afghanistan battles a new threat: coronavirus"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/war-ravaged-afghanistan-battles-threat-coronavirus-200316135224827
.html

Afghanistan könnte von der Corona-Pandemie noch tiefer in die Krise gestürzt werden, fürchtet Ali M Latifi. "With 22 verified cases so far, Afghanistan is still among the countries with a relatively low rate of coronavirus cases. However, the outbreak of the illness comes at a particularly trying time for the country. (…) it is not just clean water, Afghanistan's health system has also had to deal with overcrowding at facilities that have struggled to treat the increasing number of civilians affected by the ongoing war. Currently, there is only one hospital in the capital that can properly diagnose patients with the coronavirus. The hospital, located in West Kabul, can only treat 150 patients at a time. (…) The shutting of borders with Iran and Pakistan - Kabul's main trading partners - has led to a rise in food prices. In a bid to address price-gouging schemes, which has seen the price of wheat increase by 72 percent in a single 24-hour period, the Ministry of Interior has instructed police to take 'serious action' against any price gougers."

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11.03.2020

"Afghanistan: Ghani signs decree to release 1,500 Taliban fighters"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/afghanistan-ghani-signs-decree-release-1500-taliban-fighters-20031
0195110306.html

Der afghanische Präsident Ghani hat mit der Erfüllung einer Vorbedingung für direkte Verhandlungen mit den Taliban begonnen und die Freilassung von 1.500 gefangenen Kämpfern angeordnet. "According to a copy of the two-page decree seen by Reuters news agency late on Tuesday night, all released Taliban prisoners will have to provide 'a written guarantee to not return to the battlefield'. (…) The release of prisoners is part of a deal signed by the United States and the Taliban last month that would allow US forces and NATO troops to withdraw from Afghanistan to end more than 18 years of war. Earlier on Tuesday, Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said in a tweet that his group had handed a list of 5,000 prisoners to the US and was waiting for all to be released."

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