US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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24.05.2020

"Is Libya's Khalifa Haftar on the way out?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/libya-khalifa-haftar-200523142442684.html

Der Versuch von General Haftar zur Einnahme der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis steht nach einer von der Türkei unterstützten Offensive der GNA-Truppen offenbar kurz vor dem Scheitern. Der erzwungene Rückzug Haftars erschüttere auch dessen politische Position, berichten Malik Traina und Ramy Allahoum. "The defeat, which LNA spokesman Ahmed Mismari sought to justify as a 'tactical withdrawal', has put the eastern-based Haftar in a difficult position, with his ability to keep his support base mobilised increasingly being questioned. Issa Tuwegiar, a former planning minister, told Al Jazeera that it is Haftar's fear of seeing his camp fragment that motivated his decision in late April to withdraw from a landmark power-sharing agreement and pledge to create a new government of his own. 'Haftar has failed in his mission to take over and guarantee the eastern tribes rent and favourable status in his new dictatorial regime,' said Tuwegiar."

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21.05.2020

"Iran dismisses new US sanctions as 'fruitless and repetitive'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/iran-dismisses-sanctions-fruitless-repetitive-200521075328752.html

Der Iran sieht in der angeblichen Erfolglosigkeit der gegen das Land verhängten US-Sanktionen ein Zeichen für die völlige Ineffizienz dieser Maßnahmen. "Iran has dismissed US sanctions on several of its officials, saying they were a sign of the complete inefficiency of Washington's previous sanctions on the country. 'Washington's fruitless and repetitive sanctions against Iranian officials is a sign of weakness, despair and confusion of the US administration,' state TV quoted Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi as saying on Thursday."

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14.05.2020

"Germany charges man with spying for Indian intelligence"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/germany-charges-man-spying-indian-intelligence-200513093516066.htm
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Der Generalbundesanwalt hat vor dem Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt Klage gegen einen indischen Mann erhoben, der für den indischen Geheimdienst oppositionelle Angehörige der Sikh-Gemeinde und Kaschmir-Aktivisten in Deutschland ausspioniert haben soll. "He is accused of agreeing to pass information on Sikhs and the 'Kashmir movement' and their relatives to an employee of India's Research and Analysis Wing, the foreign intelligence agency of India, on or before January 2015. According to prosecutors, the suspect was in regular telephone and personal contact with the Germany-based intelligence officer and passed on information 'in numerous cases' until December 2017. They did not specify whether he is in custody. 'He allegedly provided information about figures in the Sikh opposition scene and the Kashmiri movement and their relatives in Germany, and passed this on to his handlers who were working at the Indian consulate general in Frankfurt,' the higher regional court in the city said in a statement earlier this week. The trial will open on August 25."

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10.05.2020

"Hundreds gather in Baghdad in new round of anti-gov't protests"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/hundreds-gather-baghdad-anti-gov-protests-200510095037978.html

In Bagdad ist es am Sonntag erneut zu Protesten hunderter Demonstranten gegen die Regierung gekommen. "Hundreds of Iraqis have gathered in central Baghdad for fresh anti-government protests demanding better living conditions and an overhaul of the country's political system, just days after the formation of a new government. The gathering in Tahrir Square on Sunday came after Mustafa al-Kadhimi, the country's new prime minister, promised to release demonstrators arrested during the mass protests that erupted in October last year. (…) Sunday's protests stretched to other areas, including Iraq's southern city of al-Nasriya. Al Jazeera's Simona Foltyn, reporting from central Baghdad, said the gathering was the 'most significant' since March 17, when a curfew was imposed in an attempt to stem the spread of the coronavirus."

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07.05.2020

"US Afghan envoy to meet Taliban in Qatar in new efforts for peace"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/afghan-envoy-meet-taliban-qatar-efforts-peace-200507044349083.html

Vertreter der US-Regierung und der Taliban wollen bei neuen Gesprächen versuchen, Unstimmigkeiten bei der Umsetzung ihres im Februar vereinbarten Friedensabkommens zu klären. "The US special envoy to Afghanistan is on a mission to press Taliban negotiators in Doha and officials in India and Pakistan to support a reduction in violence, acceleration of intra-Afghan peace talks and cooperation on handling the coronavirus pandemic, the US Department of State said on Wednesday. Special Representative Zalmay Khalilzad's trip comes amid concerns that surging Taliban attacks and the coronavirus pandemic could deal potentially fatal blows to his stalled efforts to end decades of strife in Afghanistan."

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06.05.2020

"Syrians flee camps and return to destroyed homes in Idlib"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/syrians-flee-camps-return-destroyed-homes-idlib-200506070108278.ht
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Al Jazeera berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag über die Rückkehr syrischer Flüchtlinge in ihre oft zerstörten Häuser in Idlib. "A new United Nations report says Syria had the largest number of people displaced because of conflict last year. Almost a million people fled a government offensive in Idlib in December alone. Since a ceasefire in March, tens of thousands of people have returned to find their homes have been destroyed."

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01.05.2020

"Iran condemns Germany's ban on Hezbollah activity"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/iran-condemns-germany-ban-hezbollah-activity-200501114429167.html

Das Bundesinnenministerium hat sämtliche Aktivitäten der schiitisch-islamistischen Hisbollah in Deutschland verboten. In Iran ist die Entscheidung auf Kritik gestoßen. "Iran has condemned Berlin's ban of Hezbollah activity in Germany and its designation of the Iranian-backed Lebanese group as a terrorist organisation, saying the move serves US and Israeli interests, Iranian state media reported on Friday. German police on Thursday raided mosque associations alleged to be close to Hezbollah and banned all the group's activity on its soil after designating it a terrorist organisation, a much-anticipated step long urged by Israel and the United States."

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27.04.2020

"Dividing Yemen a key Saudi-UAE objective, analyst says"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/dividing-yemen-key-saudi-uae-objective-analyst-200427083159938.htm
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Einige Experten glauben Ali Younes zufolge, dass eine dauerhafte Teilung Jemens im sicherheitspolitischen Interesse Saudi-Arabiens und der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate wäre. "Both Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates would benefit from two weak states kept in perpetual conflict, expert says. (…) As a unified nation of about 28 million people, Yemen is the second-most populous country in the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia. With proven oil reserves and strategic ports, it has the potential of becoming a regional power if it stabilises, becomes democratic, and reduces its dire poverty, analysts say. (…) 'Unlike the UAE, Saudi Arabia cannot extract itself from Yemen so easily because it considers it part of its sphere of influence in the region. Saudi Arabia's main objective in Yemen is to maintain it as a weak state beholden to its objectives.' The best Saudi Arabia can hope for now is to keep Yemen in a 'low-grade' conflict that will maintain its weakness and prevent it from threatening Riyadh's regional hegemony, [Gamal Gasim, a Yemen analyst and professor of political science at Grand Valley State University in Michigan,] said."

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24.04.2020

"Pompeo says US may never restore WHO funds"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/pompeo-restore-funds-200423204040978.html

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat erneute Beitragszahlungen der USA an die WHO von einer "grundlegenden Reform" der Organisation abhängig gemacht. "Asked if he was not ruling out a change in leadership of the WHO, Pompeo replied: 'Even more than that, it may be the case that the United States can never return to underwriting, having US taxpayer dollars go to the WHO.' Democrats in the US House of Representatives responded to Pompeo's fresh attack on the WHO in a letter accusing the Trump administration of trying to 'scapegoat' the WHO to distract from its handling of the coronavirus outbreak. In a letter to Trump, they called for the immediate restoration of US funding, which Trump suspended last week, accusing the WHO of being 'China-centric' and of promoting China's 'disinformation' about the outbreak. (…) Earlier on Wednesday, Pompeo said the US 'strongly believed' Beijing had failed to report the outbreak in a timely manner, in breach of WHO rules, and that WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus did not use his ability 'to go public' when a member state failed to follow those rules."

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21.04.2020

"Trump says he rejected South Korea's offer for defence costs"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/trump-rejected-south-korea-offer-defence-costs-200421022510216.htm
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Der Streit zwischen Washington und Seoul über die Verteilung der Stationierungskosten der US-Truppen in Südkorea geht unvermindert weiter. US-Präsident Trump hat am Montag ein Gegenangebot der südkoreanischen Seite abgelehnt. "'Now they've offered us a certain amount of money and I've rejected it,' Trump said at a White House news conference on Monday, adding that Seoul was paying about a billion dollars a year towards the cost of stationing between 28,000 and 32,000 US troops there. (…) Late last year, talks between the US and South Korea over the cost of hosting American troops collapsed after the two parties failed to agree on the amount that Seoul should pay. South Korean legislators said US officials had demanded up to $5bn a year, about five times the 1.04 trillion won ($896m) Seoul agreed to pay in 2019 for hosting the 28,500 American troops. US officials have not publicly confirmed the number, but Trump has previously said the US military presence in and around South Korea was '$5bn worth of protection'."

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19.04.2020

"How coronavirus impacts Africa’s battle with locusts"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/start-here/2020/04/coronavirus-africas-locusts-starthere-20041912471
0127.html

Al Jazeera beschreibt in diesem Videobeitrag, wie die Corona-Pandemie den Kampf gegen die Heuschreckenplage in Afrika behindert. "Swarms of locusts - some the size of cities - are eating their way through the Horn of Africa and have now arrived in Pakistan. The UN says the insects could devastate crops and the livelihoods of farmers, leaving millions of people hungry. Lockdowns because of the coronavirus pandemic are also stopping shipments of badly needed pesticides. How did these swarms get so big? And how are people coping?"

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12.04.2020

"Saudi Arabia is preparing to end the war in Yemen"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/saudi-arabia-preparing-war-yemen-200412155912401.html

Saudi-Arabien könnte die Coronakrise als "bequeme" Begründung für eine Beendigung des Kriegs im Jemen nutzen, berichtet Imad K Harb. "By now it has become clear to Saudi Arabia and its allies that they cannot win the war in Yemen and that they urgently need an exit strategy. The coronavirus pandemic provides a convenient opportunity to save face by declaring an end to hostilities on humanitarian grounds. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) is eager to pull out of Yemen so he can focus his energies on addressing the growing economic crisis at home and the threat of an unmanageable COVID-19 outbreak. Most of all, he wants to ensure that his ascendance to the throne, once his father departs the scene, goes smoothly."

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05.04.2020

"Taliban warn deal with US in Afghanistan near breaking point"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/taliban-warn-peace-deal-afghanistan-breaking-point-200405185652146
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Steht das Friedensabkommen zwischen den USA und den Taliban vor einem frühen Ende? Die Taliban werfen den USA derzeit vor, mehrere Vereinbarungen des Deals zu ignorieren. "The Taliban has said the deal with the United States aimed at bringing peace to Afghanistan was nearing a breaking point, accusing Washington of violations that included drone attacks on civilians, while also chastising the Afghan government for delaying the release of 5,000 Taliban prisoners promised in the agreement. The Taliban said it had restricted attacks against Afghan security forces to rural outposts and had not attacked international forces or Afghan forces in cities or military installations. (…) The Taliban has accused the Afghan government of using 'indefensible arguments' to explain the repeated delays in releasing a promised 5,000 Taliban prisoners in exchange for 1,000 government personnel. The US military in Afghanistan rejected the Taliban's claim, saying it had upheld the military terms of the agreement and that Taliban's assertions were 'baseless'."

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24.03.2020

"US cuts Afghan aid by $1bn after Pompeo fails to end impasse"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/cuts-afghan-aid-1bn-pompeo-fails-impasse-200324015906774.html

Nach dem Besuch von Außenminister Pompeo in Kabul hat die US-Regierung die Finanzhilfen für Afghanistan um eine Milliarde US-Dollar gekürzt. Hintergrund ist der andauernde Konflikt zwischen Präsident Ghani und seinem Rivalen Abdullah, der die Umsetzung des Friedensabkommens der USA mit den Taliban gefährdet. "The United States also is prepared to cut another $1bn worth of assistance in 2021 and is conducting 'a review of all of our programmes and projects to identify additional reductions and reconsider our pledges to future donor conferences for Afghanistan,' Pompeo said in a statement. Pompeo's statement came as he flew home from a fruitless day-long effort in Kabul to end competing claims to the presidency by Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah and win their agreement to form 'an inclusive government.' The harshly worded announcement at the end of the mission he undertook despite the spreading global coronavirus pandemic underscored how badly stalled the US-led effort to end America's longest war and decades of strife in Afghanistan has become."

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17.03.2020

"As COVID-19 crackdowns grow in Europe, rights groups urge caution"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/covid-19-crackdowns-grow-europe-rights-groups-urge-caution-2003171
94438813.html

Menschenrechtsexperten der UNO warnen Ylenia Gostoli zufolge davor, dass Regierungen die aktuell notwendigen Einschränkungen bürgerlicher Rechte missbrauchen könnten. "UN human rights experts called on states to tread carefully, warning against misusing emergency powers invoked. 'The danger is that states, particularly non-democratic or less open societies, would use the opportunity given by the health emergency to crack down on particular minority groups, or individuals or groups that they see as highly problematic,' Fionnuala Ni Aolain, the UN special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, told Al Jazeera. 'We need to ensure that when the emergency ends, states return to normal and do not continue to use these powers in ways they were not intended to do,' she said, adding that emergency powers introduced after 9/11 and still in place after 20 years constitute an undesirable precedent. 'States might find, as we often see in the counterterrorism space, that extensive powers are very comfortable, and they give them a lot more leeway than they usually have. The key point is that leeway shouldn't be used indefinitely.'"

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17.03.2020

"War-ravaged Afghanistan battles a new threat: coronavirus"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/war-ravaged-afghanistan-battles-threat-coronavirus-200316135224827
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Afghanistan könnte von der Corona-Pandemie noch tiefer in die Krise gestürzt werden, fürchtet Ali M Latifi. "With 22 verified cases so far, Afghanistan is still among the countries with a relatively low rate of coronavirus cases. However, the outbreak of the illness comes at a particularly trying time for the country. (…) it is not just clean water, Afghanistan's health system has also had to deal with overcrowding at facilities that have struggled to treat the increasing number of civilians affected by the ongoing war. Currently, there is only one hospital in the capital that can properly diagnose patients with the coronavirus. The hospital, located in West Kabul, can only treat 150 patients at a time. (…) The shutting of borders with Iran and Pakistan - Kabul's main trading partners - has led to a rise in food prices. In a bid to address price-gouging schemes, which has seen the price of wheat increase by 72 percent in a single 24-hour period, the Ministry of Interior has instructed police to take 'serious action' against any price gougers."

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11.03.2020

"Afghanistan: Ghani signs decree to release 1,500 Taliban fighters"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/afghanistan-ghani-signs-decree-release-1500-taliban-fighters-20031
0195110306.html

Der afghanische Präsident Ghani hat mit der Erfüllung einer Vorbedingung für direkte Verhandlungen mit den Taliban begonnen und die Freilassung von 1.500 gefangenen Kämpfern angeordnet. "According to a copy of the two-page decree seen by Reuters news agency late on Tuesday night, all released Taliban prisoners will have to provide 'a written guarantee to not return to the battlefield'. (…) The release of prisoners is part of a deal signed by the United States and the Taliban last month that would allow US forces and NATO troops to withdraw from Afghanistan to end more than 18 years of war. Earlier on Tuesday, Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said in a tweet that his group had handed a list of 5,000 prisoners to the US and was waiting for all to be released."

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01.03.2020

"'Hard to trust': Afghans sceptical of US-Taliban agreement"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/trust-afghans-sceptical-taliban-agreement-200301052025171.html

Nach der Unterzeichnung der Vereinbarung zwischen den USA und den Taliban berichtet Shereena Qazi in ihrer Reportage über erste Reaktionen in der afghanischen Bevölkerung. "The deal promises peace in the country but Maryam Hussaini, 27, is still mourning the loss of her sister, Najiba. In 2017, the Taliban attacked a bus in Kabul carrying government employees. The attack killed 23 people, mainly workers of the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Petroleum. Among those killed was Najiba. (…) 'The Taliban have not shown regret for killing hundreds of innocent people,' Hussaini said. In a report released in February, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said the number of civilian casualties surpassed 100,000 after more than a decade of documenting the impact of war. (…) At the intra-Afghan talks scheduled for March 10, Afghan leaders and activists, including women, will sit face-to-face with the Taliban and decide the future of the country, including key issues related to women rights, governance and rights of minorities. But Hussaini remains sceptical and echoes the concerns about the education of women and their empowerment in the country. 'If the Taliban come back, Afghan women lose everything: Their 18 years of achievement and even their identities,' she said. 'The Afghan women will be the main victims if the Taliban have not changed their mentality from when they were in power.'"

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27.02.2020

"Diplomacy stalled a year after Trump-Kim Summit collapse"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/diplomacy-stalled-year-trump-kim-summit-collapse-200227015554627.h
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Ein Jahr nach dem öffentlichkeitswirksamen Scheitern des Gipfeltreffens zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un in Hanoi sind sich Experten Kelly Kasulis zufolge darin uneins, ob die Verhandlungen zwischen den USA und Nordkorea nur stocken oder bereits gescheitert sind. "'We haven't really had discussions or real negotiations since that moment,' said Peter Ward, a North Korea analyst who researches the North Korean economy. 'It has basically been dead silence.' (…) Part of the problem is that the United Nations has not lifted a single US-led economic sanction against Pyongyang. The other problem is that North Korea and the US cannot seem to get back to the negotiating table. 'The calculation in Washington is that serious sanctions relief will not come before a more serious breakdown of North Korea's nuclear arsenal, and North Korea doesn't seem to want to talk about that in much detail,' Ward said. 'One gets the impression that negotiations would have eventually broken down, anyway. It seems like North Korea had really unrealistic expectations.'"

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24.02.2020

"Two conflicting portraits of Assange as extradition hearing opens"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/conflicting-portraits-assange-extradition-hearing-opens-2002242116
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Al Jazeera fasst den ersten Tag der Anhörung im Auslieferungsverfahren gegen WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange zusammen. "A UK judge was given two conflicting portraits of Julian Assange as the WikiLeaks founder's long-awaited extradition hearing began on Monday in a London court. A lawyer for the US authorities, who want to try Assange on espionage charges, said the Australian computer expert was an 'ordinary' criminal whose publication of hundreds of thousands of secret military documents a decade ago put many people at risk of torture and death. (…) Assange's lawyer countered that the WikiLeaks publisher was being victimised by a 'lawless' US government that wanted to make an example of him. Lawyer Edward Fitzgerald also said the 'inhuman' conditions Assange was likely to face in an American prison would put him at high risk of suicide. (…) After a week of opening arguments, the extradition case is due to break until May, when the two sides will lay out their evidence. The judge is not expected to rule until several months after that, with the losing side likely to appeal."

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24.02.2020

"A Bernie Sanders presidency could be a nightmare for Saudi Arabia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/bernie-sanders-presidency-nightmare-saudi-arabia-20022307095731
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Spätestens seit seinem Vorwahlsieg in Nevada gilt Bernie Sanders unter den Präsidentschaftskandidaten der US-Demokraten als klarer Favorit. In Saudi-Arabien werde dies mit einiger Sorge beobachtet, berichtet Joe Macaron. Auch die anderen Kandidaten ständen dem Königreich keineswegs positiv gegenüber. "What might happen if Trump loses the election? All leading centrist and leftist presidential candidates, except Michael Bloomberg, tend to project negative views of the Saudi leadership. This reflects the general mood among liberals in primaries influenced by a left-leaning Democratic base. (…) A Sanders presidency would go further than the Washington establishment in keeping a check and balance on Saudi policy, which might create friction between the White House and key national security agencies. Sanders, who has advocated against the interests of the US defence industry and corporate America, could use foreign policy towards Saudi Arabia as a way to demonstrate how his call for wealth distribution at home might impact US policy abroad. (…) If Sanders, or another Democratic president, were to challenge the Saudi leadership, Riyadh would most likely leverage its strongest pressure tool, its wealth, in retaliation. Saudi Arabia spent $18bn on US weapons in 2017, has nearly doubled its ownership of US government debt under Trump to just under $180bn, and is now the biggest source of capital for US startups. It could threaten to shift its resources to China and Russia, among other places. Any Democratic president would have to make these calculations before deciding on an approach towards Saudi Arabia."

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22.02.2020

"In the wake of Hanau, an annual neo-Nazi rally is banned in Sofia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/wake-hanau-annual-neo-nazi-rally-banned-sofia-200221134324004.html

In Reaktion auf den rechtsterroristischen Anschlag in Hanau ist ein Aufmarsch europäischer Neo-Nazis in Sofia gestoppt worden. "Days after at least nine people were killed in Germany in a far-right attack, neo-Nazis from across Europe were stopped from marching in Sofia, Bulgaria's capital, as they had done every year since 2003. Hundreds of far-right activists from across the continent had started arriving in Sofia in advance of the weekend for Saturday's planned Lukov March to honour a Nazi collaborator, expecting to take part in a torchlit rally. But on Friday, a higher court ruling upheld Sofia mayor Yordanka Fandakova's ban; in previous years, her attempts to halt the march were overturned."

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18.02.2020

"Is the US heading to the front lines of European defence?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/heading-front-lines-european-defence-200218120208454.html

Das US-Militär wird in Europa ab Februar für mehrere Monate die Militärübung "Defender-Europe" durchführen, mit der die schnelle Truppenverlegung an die Grenze zu Russland geprobt werden soll. An der größten Militärübung seit Jahrzehnten sollen sich 20.000 US-Soldaten beteiligen. "'The overarching goal of the event is to demonstrate the ability of the US to lift and shift a division-size force over long distances,' said Tod D Wolters, NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Europe earlier this month. 'The planning in itself is deterrence,' he said. Defender Europe will involve army, navy and air force exercises across eight European countries stretching to the European Union's eastern border with Russia. Although US officials do not say it is designed to counter a Russian threat, the demonstration of US force capability comes after years of piecemeal reinforcements of NATO's eastern flank following Russia's annexation of Crimea in March 2014."

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17.02.2020

"Three scenarios for the battle for Idlib"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/scenarios-battle-idlib-200217090635717.html

Wenn die türkische Allianz mit Russland Bestand haben soll, muss sich Ankara angesichts des Vormarsches der syrischen Regierungstruppen in der Idlib-Provinz zurückhalten, meint Marwan Kabalan. Er erläutert drei mögliche Szenarien für die Entwicklung in der Provinz: "The first and the most favourable scenario for Turkey is Russia agreeing to uphold the de-escalation zone agreement in Idlib and ordering the regime forces to return to the positions they held before its latest offensive. This could be combined with a revival of the political process and resumption of the meetings of the constitutional committee, tasked with drafting amendments to the Syrian constitution agreed upon by the regime, the opposition and the international community. (…) The second scenario is Turkey accepting the new realities on the ground and allowing the Syrian regime to control the M4 and M5 highways, but using force to forestall any further advance. It could seek to establish 'a safe zone' in Idlib by setting up reinforced defence positions along the frontline and supplying the Syrian opposition with heavy weapons, especially anti-aircraft missiles. (…) The third scenario - and one which Turkey wants to avoid - is an escalation with Russia. The presence of anti-aircraft weapons on the ground raises the risk of a Russian aircraft being shot down. The Turkish military is likely taking precautions to avoid such a dangerous development, but given massive deployments on the ground, it is the closest it has been since 2015 to a confrontation with Russian forces."

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12.02.2020

"Indonesia says will not repatriate citizens who fought with ISIL"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/indonesia-repatriate-citizens-fought-isil-200212050022478.html

Auch in Indonesien gibt es eine Debatte über den Umgang mit einheimischen IS-Kämpfern, die aus Syrien oder Irak zurückkehren wollen. Die Regierung in Jakarta hat sich nun offen gegen eine Rückführung von fast 700 Extremisten und ihrer Familienangehörigen ausgesprochen. "'We've decided that the government has to provide security assurance to 267 million Indonesian citizens,' the minister said Tuesday, after a meeting with President Joko Widodo who is commonly known as Jokowi, near Jakarta. 'If these foreign terrorist fighters return home they could become a dangerous new virus,' he added. The government would consider repatriating children 10 years old or younger on a 'case by case basis', he added, without elaborating. (…) Experts say if they were repatriated they would need to be rehabilitated and carefully monitored. 'If they're not managed well by the government, there is a possibility they'll be used as proxies by powerful groups that could threaten Indonesia and other countries,' said terrorism expert Taufik Andrie."

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10.02.2020

"Turkey retaliates after Syrian government shelling kills 5 troops"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/turkey-retaliates-syrian-government-shelling-kills-5-troops-200210
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In der syrischen Idlib-Provinz ist es in den vergangenen Tagen zu Kämpfen zwischen türkischen und syrischen Regierungstruppen gekommen. "An attack by Syrian government forces killed five Turkish soldiers in northwest Syria on Monday, threatening further escalation in the region after another deadly artillery strike last week. (…) Turkey immediately responded and 'neutralised' more than 100 enemy targets, the defence ministry said in a statement. (…) Following that attack, Ankara warned Syrian government forces to retreat to lines agreed in a 2018 ceasefire by the end of February. However, Syria's military promised to continue its campaign, which is focused on seizing two highways linking Aleppo to other government-controlled areas."

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09.02.2020

"France in Africa: Is it all about the oil?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/countingthecost/2020/02/france-africa-oil-200208135802152.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm Counting the Cost wird darauf hingewiesen, dass Frankreich keine Probleme damit habe, bei der Umsetzung seiner Afrika-Strategie autoritäre Regierungen und Warlords zu unterstützen. Dabei werden Paris auch handfeste wirtschaftliche Interessen unterstellt. "In Libya, Macron has thrown his lot behind the renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar, secretly supplying arms and training despite the UN and Libya’s former colonial power, Italy, backing the government in Tripoli. (…) And while fighting so-called 'Islamist' militants, France deployed warplanes to attack a rebel convoy in northern Chad, helping to keep President Idriss Deby in power. Deby has faced several coup attempts since gaining power in 1990. But is it all about the oil? 'Really what Macron has presented is the case for a changed relationship with Africa, not so much a reducing or a retreat from the continent, but much more for putting the relationship on to a new footing,' Paul Melly, consulting fellow at Chatham House, tells Al Jazeera. 'And you can see that most strongly in the relationship with the West African countries, and particularly the very troubled Sahel region on the margins of the Sahara where Macron has argued the case for much more of a partnership approach but also economic reforms.' Melly adds that France has 'long-standing traditional economic and security interests' in a range of countries, from Chad right down through Central Africa, that do not have a good governance record."

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07.02.2020

"Palestinian refugee crisis: Longing for 'right of return'"

http://https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/palestinian-refugee-crisis-longing-right-return-20020710575
1675.html

Natasha Ghoneim berichtet in ihrer Videoreportage aus Amman über eine palästinensische Familie in Jordanien, die unterhalb der Armutsgrenze lebt und die Hoffnung auf eine Rückkehr aufgegeben hat. "They are sometimes described as the people of a forgotten war. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees are either living in Syria or have sought refuge in Lebanon or Jordan since the Syrian war began in 2011. And the so-called 'right of return' of Palestinians to their homeland remains as far from reach as ever."

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04.02.2020

"Libya rivals show 'genuine will' to start ceasefire talks: UN"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/libya-rivals-show-genuine-start-ceasefire-talks-200204103250564.ht
ml

Dem UN-Sondergesandten für Libyen, Ghassan Salamé, zufolge haben die Konfliktparteien in Libyen Interesse an ernsthaften Verhandlungen über einen Waffenstillstand gezeigt. "The United Nations envoy to Libya has said representatives of the country's rival factions attending talks in Geneva agree in principle to turning a fragile truce into a lasting ceasefire, as he decried ongoing violations of an arms embargo by both sides and their backers. (…) But the issue may take active international support to be solved, added the envoy, hinting at the major foreign players backing Haftar's manoeuvres. Arturo Varvelli, a Libya expert and head of the Rome office of the European Council for Foreign Relations said he remained sceptical that the military council would achieve any concrete results. 'The problem lies with the pressures and interference of foreign powers on the players, regardless of the Libyans’ willingness to come to an agreement,' Varvelli told Aljazeera."

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