US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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03.02.2020

"More than a dozen civilians killed in latest Burkina Faso attack"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/dozen-civilians-killed-latest-burkina-faso-attack-200203045907135.
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Bei einem Angriff schwerbewaffneter Männer im Norden Burkina Fasos sind mindestens 18 Menschen getötet worden. "Heavily armed men on motorbikes on Saturday attacked Lamdamol village in the Bani municipality, north of the capital, Ouagadougou, a security source told AFP news agency on Monday. A local health official, speaking from the town of Dori in the north, said the village's chief nurse was among the victims. (…) There was no claim of responsibility for the attack. A number of similar incidents occurred a week ago in the country's north, with one on January 25 leaving 39 civilians dead in the neighbouring province of Soum, northwest of Seno. Burkina Faso borders Mali to the northwest and Niger to the east, with all three Sahelian countries struggling to contain increasingly frequent attacks on civilians and army positions."

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29.01.2020

"Anger in Palestine over Trump plan, but protests see low turnout"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/anger-palestine-trump-plan-protests-turnout-200129130735839.html

An den organisierten palästinensischen Protesten gegen den Nahost-Friedensplan der USA haben sich bislang weniger Demonstranten als erwartet beteiligt. "(…) while Palestinians were angered by Trump's announcement on Tuesday, with some referring to it as 'a new Balfour Declaration', many brushed off the US-Israeli announcement as 'nothing new'. 'The announcement brought us a lot of anger and disappointment,' said Maan Musatafa, a 39-year-old taxi driver in the occupied West Bank. 'But the reality is, we have been living under this deal and under de facto Israeli occupation for decades. So, the announcement wasn't new or shocking,' he told Al Jazeera. Seif Abdo, a 27-year-old student from East Jerusalem, agreed: 'Nothing is new. Nothing has changed. It's already our reality.'"

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29.01.2020

"What will Palestinians lose if Israel annexes Jordan Valley?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/palestinians-lose-israel-annexes-jordan-valley-200128185727186.htm
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Al Jazeera erläutert, welche Bedeutung eine israelische Annexion des Jordantals für die Palästinenser hätte. "The Jordan Valley is a fertile strip of land that stretches from the north of the Dead Sea along the eastern perimeter of the West Bank, bordering the Kingdom of Jordan. It is home to 65,000 Palestinians in 28 villages and 11,000 illegal Israeli settlers. The total land to be annexed comprises almost 30 percent of the West Bank. Under Netanyahu's current plan, the city of Jericho would be cut off from other Palestinian towns in the West Bank. According to the United Nation's OCHA, it is home to approximately 20,000 Palestinians. In a future Palestinian state, the plan will leave West Bank isolated from its Arab neighbour, Jordan. (…) The annexation of the Jordan Valley separates the West Bank from the River Jordan, which forms its eastern border with Jordan. The river feeds over 80,000 hectares (197,684 acres) of agricultural lands and fish farms. Controlling this region enables full reign for Israel to divert the river's waters to new and pre-existing illegal settlements in the West Bank."

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26.01.2020

"When will landmines be cleared?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2020/01/landmines-cleared-200126200740473.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm "Inside Story" haben sich Experten mit den andauernden Problemen bei der Räumung von Landminen beschäftigt. "They are the dormant legacy of war until, of course, they are triggered. Landmines continue to affect the lives of so many people even decades after conflicts end, as it is with leftovers from the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. Iraq is one of the world's most affected countries with thousands of landmines planted close to the Iran-Iraq border. Around this time of the year, they are even more of a problem. The rainy season means earth gets washed away, which can reveal new mines, or even relocate ones which were already identified. But how big is the challenge of clearing them? And are these explosive remnants treated with the same seriousness as in an active conflict?"

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25.01.2020

"El Salvador general admits army carried out El Mozote massacre"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/el-salvador-general-admits-army-carried-el-mozote-massacre-2001251
55053149.html

In El Salvador hat ein General im Ruhestand zugegeben, dass eine von den USA ausgebildete Eliteeinheit des Militärs 1981 im Osten des Landes etwa 1.000 Menschen ermordet hat. Der Massenmord gilt in Lateinamerika Al Jazeera zufolge als das brutalste Massaker des 20. Jahrhunderts. "Juan Rafael Bustillo, a former commander of the Air Force, told a court on Friday that the elite United States-trained Atlacatl Battalion carried out the El Mozote massacre in eastern El Salvador in which unarmed villagers, most of them women and children, were slaughtered. According to a United Nations report, soldiers tortured and executed nearly 1,000 residents of El Mozote and surrounding hamlets in the Morazan department, 180 kilometres (112 miles) northeast of San Salvador, as they searched for rebel fighters in December 1981. (…) The 1980-1992 civil war, which pitted left-wing rebel groups against the US-backed Salvadoran army, lead to the deaths of an estimated 75,000 people and left 8,000 more missing."

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21.01.2020

"West Africa piracy: Regional navies work to curb maritime crime"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/west-africa-piracy-regional-navies-work-curb-maritime-crime-200121
104627999.html

Nicolas Haque berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag aus Dakar über die gemeinsamen Bemühungen westafrikanischer Staaten bei der Bekämpfung des Piratenunwesens im Golf von Guinea. "The Gulf of Guinea is now one of the world's most dangerous places for piracy as the number of ships hijacked there has more than doubled in the past year. So West African states are meeting to ensure they can tackle the growing challenge in advance of the expected surge in oil and gas flows after reserves were discovered off Senegal and Mauritania's waters."

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20.01.2020

"'Here to stay', vow Iraqi protesters as deadly violence surges"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/stay-vow-iraqi-protesters-deadly-violence-surges-200120175214929.h
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Bei neuen Protesten gegen die irakische Regierung in Baghdad, Kerbela, and Baquba sind mindestens fünf Demonstranten durch Sicherheitskräfte getötet worden. "Iraqi protesters vowed to continue their escalation until demands for an independent prime minister and snap elections are met, as deadly violence surged in Baghdad and several key southern cities. (…) The violence came as security forces tried to clear main highways and squares after protesters gathered to decry the government's lack of response to their demands. Last Monday, demonstrators gave the government a week's deadline to respond to key demands, which included the appointment of an independent prime minister and holding snap elections under a new electoral law. As the deadline expired at midnight, protesters geared up for further escalations to express their anger. They sealed off main highways and roads inside and around the city, setting tyres on fire, turning back cars and putting up metal barriers to seal off central areas."

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14.01.2020

"How pro-Western is Ukraine's response to plane crash in Iran?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/pro-western-ukraines-response-plane-crash-iran-200114153009790.htm
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Die Regierung in Kiew habe bei ihrer Reaktion auf den Abschuss eines ukrainischen Passagierflugzeugs durch den Iran auch ihr Verhältnis zum Westen im Auge gehabt, schreibt Mansur Mirovalev. Präsident Zelenskyy habe bewusst zwei Tage lang mit vorschnellen Schuldzuweisungen gewartet, was sowohl kritisiert als auch gelobt worden sei. "'First, there was silence, then - harsh statements,' Kyiv-based political analyst, Aleksey Kushch, told Al Jazeera, referring to Zelenskyy. 'As a result, the tragedy of the Ukrainian plane [crash] is being used in geopolitical games.' 'Ukraine [did] not respond properly to the attack on the plane that is seen as an attack on the Ukrainian state.' Kushch said Ukraine should have instead convened a United Nations security council to 'access the entire cause-and-effect chain of events'. But other experts saw Zelenskyy's reluctance to jump to conclusions and criticise Iran as a sign of his newfound political self-reliance. 'It reflects his independence. The West wanted him to immediately pressure Iran, but he held on for two days,' Kyiv-based analyst Mikhail Pogrebinsky told Al Jazeera, claiming that Western embassies in the Ukrainian capital sent multiple signals to Zelenskyy urging him to condemn Iran."

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13.01.2020

"Saudi Arabia executed 184 people in 2019: Rights group"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/saudi-arabia-executed-184-people-2019-rights-group-200113135624530
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Der Menschenrechtsorganisation Reprieve zufolge sind in Saudi-Arabien im vergangenen Jahr 184 Menschen hingerichtet worden. "Saudi Arabia executed 184 people in 2019, the most in a calendar year in six years, human rights organisation Reprieve has said, calling it a 'grim milestone' for the kingdom. Of the executions announced by the Saudi Press Agency last year, 88 were Saudi nationals, 90 were foreign nationals and six people were of unknown nationality, a statement released on Monday by Reprieve said. The group said 37 people were executed by the Saudi government on a single day on April 23, including three who were children when they had committed their alleged offences. (…) The statement by Reprieve quoted [the rights group's director, Maya Foa,] as saying: 'A country that tortures and executes children should be a pariah state, not preparing to host the next meeting of the G20.'"

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12.01.2020

"Threatening culture in Trumpian times"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/threatening-culture-trumpian-times-200112111745709.html

Nach der mittlerweile zurückgezogenen Drohung des US-Präsidenten, im Fall eines Kriegs gegen den Iran auch Kulturstätten anzugreifen, wirft Mark LeVine einen kritischen Blick auf den völkerrechtlichen Schutz des Weltkulturerbes. "It is hard for any humane person to argue with the importance of protecting World Heritage Sites, and we can only hope all these conventions, resolutions and laws continue to prevent Trump and other leaders from destroying any more of the world's material and built heritage. But if we return to the event that led to the creation of the World Heritage list - the building of the Aswan High Dam - the darker side of this emphasis on protecting material, built and artistic culture and heritage becomes apparent. While the world came together to spend huge sums to disassemble, move and reconstruct Abu Simbel and Philae and created the political and financial infrastructure to protect other sites around the world, the tens of thousands of poor and marginalised Nubian Egyptians who lived for millennia in the area of the Nile flooded by the dam were unceremoniously driven from their homeland and are still suffering from the scars of their displacement and battling with the government to return. (…) If the kulturkrieg (cultural war) between the US and Iran and the tragic loss of life it has already produced are to have any positive consequence, it would be to remind us that threats to our greatest cultural achievements are even more so threats to the people without whom they could not exist, and who, as individuals and collectives, continue to create and perform culture anew, day in and day out."

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09.01.2020

"UN envoy: 'Devastating surge' of attacks in Sahel and West Africa"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/envoy-devastating-surge-attacks-sahel-west-africa-200109011431355.
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Dem UN-Sondergesandten für Westafrika, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, zufolge hat sich die Zahl der Terrorangriffe gegen zivile und militärische Ziele in Burkina Faso, Mali und Niger seit 2016 verfünffacht. Dabei seien über 4.000 Menschen getötet worden. "In Burkina Faso, deaths rose even more dramatically from about 80 in 2016 to more than 1,800 in 2019, he said. 'Most significantly, the geographic focus of terrorist attacks has shifted eastwards from Mali to Burkina Faso and is increasingly threatening West African coastal states,' Chambas said. The UN envoy said attacks are often 'deliberate efforts by violent extremists to capture weapons and trafficking routes' and engage in illicit activities including illegal mining that sustain their operations. (…) In a report to the Security Council in late July, UN experts said 'the most striking international developments' during the first six months of 2019 included 'the growing ambition and reach of terrorist groups in the Sahel and West Africa' where fighters from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) and al-Qaeda armed groups were collaborating to undermine fragile countries."

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06.01.2020

"Soleimani is no anti-imperialist hero"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/soleimani-anti-imperialist-hero-200105211451136.html

Malak Chabkoun kritisiert, dass einige westliche Linke den getöteten iranischen General Suleimani bei ihren Protesten gegen die US-Operation als "antiimperialistischen Helden" präsentieren. "Much of the left in the West (the same ones who describe themselves as progressives) also viciously attacked people in the Middle East who celebrated the deaths of Soleimani and al-Muhandis. While it is wrong to praise Trump's decision to assassinate the two commanders as a 'noble deed', framing what happened within the old, tired left-wing narrative of US imperialism erases the regional context and the suffering of millions of people in the Middle East at the hands of other powers. Indeed, it is important to expose Trump's recklessness and political opportunism, but it is inexcusable to ignore the crimes of Soleimani and al-Muhandis and those who they served."

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31.12.2019

"US caught off guard as protesters storm Baghdad embassy: analysts"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/caught-guard-protesters-storm-baghdad-embassy-analysts-19123111413
3021.html

Der Sturm von irakischen Anhängern der schiitischen Miliz Kataib Hizbollah auf die US-Botschaft in Bagdad erinnert einige US-Experten an die politischen Umstände der Geiselnahme von 1979 in Teheran. "Doug Bandow, research fellow at the Cato Institute in Washington, DC, (…) criticised the Trump administration for its 'lack of good intelligence and understanding' of current Iraqi politics. 'The Trump administration has also poisoned its relations with Iran, which is the key player in Iraq, when it pulled out of a landmark nuclear agreement with Tehran last year and imposed punishing sanctions against it,' he said. (…) Bandow argued that US leaders should be feeling nervous because Iraq now has a weak and 'headless' government, a political environment similar to Iran in 1979 when a group of Iranian students took over the US embassy in Tehran and held 52 American citizens and diplomats hostage for 440 days."

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17.12.2019

"Esper: US troops can withdraw 'with or without' Afghan peace deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/esper-troops-drawdown-afghan-peace-deal-191217054412919.html

US-Verteidigungsminister Esper will einen Abzug von US-Truppen aus Afghanistan nicht vom Verlauf der aktuellen Gespräche mit den Taliban abhängig machen. "Defense Secretary Mark Esper has said he wants to reduce the number of US troops in Afghanistan 'with or without' a peace agreement in order to give higher priority to strategic competition with China. The Trump administration is expected to announce plans to withdraw about 4,000 troops from Afghanistan, according to US media, after talks resumed a week ago between the US and the Taliban. (…) Esper said he had not yet ordered any downsizing, noting the decision was ultimately the responsibility of US President Donald Trump."

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16.12.2019

"Turkey may close Incirlik air base in face of US threats: Erdogan"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/turkey-close-incirlik-air-base-face-threats-erdogan-19121606363853
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Der türkische Präsident Erdogan hat damit gedroht, auf neue US-Sanktionen mit der Schließung der Luftwaffenbasis Incirlik zu reagieren, die als wichtigstes Drehkreuz zur Versorgung der US-Truppen in Irak und Afghanistan und als Atomwaffen-Depot der USA gilt. "Turkey could shut down its Incirlik air base that hosts US nuclear warheads in response to threats of US sanctions, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warned. (…) 'If it is necessary for us to take such a step, of course we have the authority... We will close down Incirlik if necessary,' Erdogan said on A Haber TV on Sunday."

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11.12.2019

"UN says unable to verify Iranian weapons used in Saudi oil attack"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/unable-verify-iranian-weapons-saudi-oil-attack-191211054503785.htm
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In vielen Berichten über den Angriff auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen im September wurde der Iran schnell als Hauptverantwortlicher identifiziert. UN-Generalsekretär Guterres hat dem Sicherheitsrat nun mitgeteilt, dass sich die Herkunft der verwendeten Raketen und Drohnen nicht nachweisen lasse. "The United Nations is 'unable to independently corroborate' that missiles and drones used in the attacks on Saudi oil facilities in September 'are of Iranian origin,' Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told the Security Council on Tuesday. The United States, European powers and Saudi Arabia have blamed the September 14 attack on Iran. Yemen's Houthi rebels had claimed responsibility for the attacks, and Iran, which the group is closely aligned to, denied any involvement. Guterres said the UN examined debris of weapons used in attacks on a Saudi oil facility in Afif in May, on the Abha international airport in June and August and on the Saudi Aramco oil facilities in Khurais and Abqaiq in September. 'At this time, it is unable to independently corroborate that the cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles used in these attacks are of Iranian origin,' he wrote in the report, seen by the Reuters news agency."

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03.12.2019

"Mexico homicide record: 127 deaths reported in a single day"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/mexico-homicide-rate-127-deaths-reported-single-day-19120306065822
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Die Strategie der mexikanischen Regierung zur Bekämpfung der Bandenkriminalität werde nach einer Rekordmeldung von 127 gewaltsam getöteten Menschen am 1. Dezember stärker hinterfragt, berichtet Al Jazeera. "For years Mexico has been struggling with violence as previous administrations battled drug cartels, in most cases leading to a fragmentation of gangs and internal vicious fightings. Leftist Lopez Obrador pledged to overturn militarised crackdowns on drug cartels and instead promised to deal with corruption and inequality. He also created a new civilian National Guard and proposed a new approach to tackling violence with 'Hugs, not bullets' becoming one of his campaign slogans. But the murder rate is at historic high levels and the country has slipped into recession. (…) Despite the challenges, 64 percent of Mexican voters approve of the job he is doing."

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27.11.2019

"Women under ISIL: The torturers"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/women-isil-torturers-191124095032690.html

Im ersten von fünf Teilen einer neuen Al-Jazeera-Artikelserie berichten zwei Anhängerinnen des sogenannten "Islamischen Staates", wie sie als Mitglieder der gefürchteten Religionspolizei im IS-Kalifat andere Menschen überwacht und gefoltert haben. "Flogging, stoning, constant surveillance - female members of the police that enforced ISIL law tell their stories. (…) These accounts were gathered for the documentary 'Women of ISIL' by filmmaker Thomas Dandois."

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26.11.2019

"Are UN troops failing the Congolese?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/11/troops-failing-congolese-191126194513092.html

In der Demokratischen Republik Kongo ist es zu Übergriffen auf UN-Gebäude und UN-Personal gekommen. Die Protestierenden werfen den Blauhelmen vor Ort vor, sie nicht ausreichend vor Angriffen bewaffneter Milizen zu schützen. "The Democratic Republic of Congo has suffered from war, rebel attacks, and deadly diseases for decades. But the situation is deteriorating even further. More and more people are being killed in raids by armed groups. And the Congolese people have reached a breaking point. A recent attack that killed eight people in the eastern city of Beni was blamed on rebel fighters from the Allied Democratic Forces, prompting an angry response from local people. And much of their fury was directed at the UN's peacekeeping mission. Protesters, who say the troops are not keeping them safe, stormed the UN compound on Monday and torched the mayor's office and several other buildings. Chaos and gunfire followed and there were more deaths. The UN denies that its peacekeepers used live rounds and called for calm. But on Tuesday, protesters tried to force their way into another UN compound."

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22.11.2019

"Saudi-led coalition air attacks in Yemen down 80 percent: UN"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/saudi-led-coalition-air-attacks-yemen-80-percent-191122174301451.h
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Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Militärkoalition hat die Zahl ihrer Luftangriffe gegen Ziele in Jemen in den vergangenen zwei Wochen UN-Angaben zufolge deutlich reduziert. "The coalition, which intervened in the war in 2015 to restore President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi's internationally recognised government, has carried out thousands of air attacks, killing thousands of civilians at hospitals, schools and markets, drawing international criticism. 'In recent weeks, there have been entire 48-hour periods without air strikes for the first time since the conflict began,' Griffiths said on Friday. 'We call this de-escalation, a reduction in the tempo of the war, and perhaps a move towards an overall ceasefire in Yemen.' De-escalation of hostilities is a major aspect of informal talks that have been going on between Saudi Arabia and Houthi officials since September for a possible ceasefire in Yemen."

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12.11.2019

"Iran: Europeans hypocrites for condemning steps away from deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/iran-europeans-hypocrites-condemning-nuclear-deal-breach-191112163
418124.html

Der iranische Außenminister Zarif hat den E3-Ländern und der EU nach der europäischen Androhung neuer Sanktionen "Heuchelei" vorgeworfen. "Iran's president and foreign minister on Tuesday said the UK, France, Germany, and the European Union have failed to uphold their end of the bargain to protect Tehran from 'maximum pressure' sanctions imposed by the United States in the wake of Washington's withdrawal from the deal in 2018. (…) The European countries called the steps 'inconsistent' with the accord, adding they've followed through with their pledges. 'The E3/EU have fully upheld their JCPOA commitments, including sanctions-lifting as foreseen under the JCPOA,' they said in a statement. That prompted Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif to respond on Twitter: ''Fully upheld commitments under JCPOA' YOU? Really?' he tweeted."

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11.11.2019

"Why are Iraqi Kurds not taking part in protests?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/iraqi-kurds-part-protests-191111125744569.html

Die Massenproteste gegen die irakische Regierung finden derzeit ohne kurdische Beteiligung statt, berichtet Mariya Petkova. "In the semi-autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq, however, the streets have remained calm. Salio believes that authorities there did not grant permission for a demonstration because they were afraid of what such a protest could turn into. In Erbil, there appears to be some solidarity with the Iraqis protesting in the south. Of about a dozen locals of different ages and economic backgrounds Al Jazeera spoke to, all of them said that they believed Iraqis have good reason to be on the streets. Some said that in the Kurdish region, they face similar problems to those that have driven the protests in the south, including corruption and a lack of job prospects for young people. Youth unemployment is officially over 20 percent in the region and 25 percent nationwide. However, people did not seem to be in the mood for protesting; some appeared jaded, while others said they were apprehensive of the possibility of political changes that could undermine Kurdish autonomy."

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04.11.2019

"Turkey 'to send back' ISIL prisoners even if citizenships revoked"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/turkey-send-isil-prisoners-citizenships-revoked-191104093057309.ht
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Die türkische Regierung will gefangene IS-Kämpfer aus Europa auch dann abschieben, wenn ihnen die jeweilige Staatsbürgerschaft bereits aberkannt worden ist. "Minister of Interior Suleyman Soylu (…) hit out at European countries, saying they were creating 'a new form of international law' by demanding that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) prisoners be tried where they were caught. He said Turkey had nearly 1,200 foreign members of ISIL in custody and had captured 287 during its recent operation in northeast Syria aimed at clearing the border region from Kurdish fighters it considers 'terrorists'. 'We will send back those in our hands, but the world has come up with a new method now: revoking their citizenships,' Soylu said. 'They are saying they should be tried where they have been caught. This is a new form of international law, I guess.'"

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26.10.2019

"Turkey rejects German security zone plan as 'unrealistic'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-rejects-german-security-zone-plan-unrealistic-1910261415063
42.html

Der türkische Außenminister Cavusoglu hat den Vorschlag der deutschen Verteidigungsministerin Kramp-Karrenbauer zur Errichtung einer international abgesicherten Zone im Norden Syriens nach einem Treffen mit Außenminister Maas als "unrealistisch" abgelehnt. "'We find this proposal not very realistic,' Cavusoglu said. 'This does not concern Turkey alone, there are now the [Syrian] regime, Russia and other actors in this area.' (…) Turkish Foreign Minister Cavusoglu said Ankara expects Berlin to 'act with the spirit of alliance' and 'side with Turkey in its fight against terrorism'. 'We are having difficulty explaining to our people that Germany is siding with a terror organisation instead of Turkey despite understanding Turkey's legitimate security concerns,' Cavusoglu said. The German foreign minister also said Ankara reassured Berlin that it will comply with international law as part of Turkey's plans to relocate refugees to the planned 'safe zone' in northeastern Syria. Turkey will handle the situation in a 'humanitarian way', Cavusoglu said."

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23.10.2019

"Explainer: What is a war crime?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/explainer-war-crime-191021062757444.html

Mia Swart erklärt in diesem Überblicksartikel, unter welchen Umständen Angriffe gegen Zivilisten in Konflikten völkerrechtlich als "Kriegsverbrechen" eingestuft werden. "According to the United Nations, a war crime is a serious breach of international law committed against civilians or 'enemy combatants' during an international or domestic armed conflict. A war crime occurs when superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is inflicted upon an enemy. In spite of the outrage caused by the bombing of a school or a country's TV station, such actions do not necessarily amount to war crimes. Such bombing will only be a war crime if the extent of civilian casualties resulting from the attack is excessive compared to the military advantage gained from the attack. In contrast with genocide and crimes against humanity, war crimes have to occur in the context of armed conflict."

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23.10.2019

"Turkey, Russia reach deal for YPG move out of Syria border area"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-russia-agree-se4t-syria-safe-zone-joint-patrols-19102217193
3484.html

Präsident Erdogan und Präsident Putin haben sich am Dienstagabend in ihrem Gespräch über die Zukunft Nordsyriens auf einen Deal geeinigt, der einen Rückzug der Kurdenmilizen aus der von Ankara beanspruchten "Safe Zone" vorsieht. Patrouillen russischer und türkischer Truppen sollen danach für Stabilität in dem Gebiet sorgen. "Beginning on Wednesday at noon, Russian military police and Syrian border guards will start removing the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which spearhead the SDF, and their weapons 30km (19 miles) from the border area. Once this is complete, within 150 hours, Turkish and Russian forces will run joint patrols 10km (six miles) to the east and west of the zone. Ankara and Moscow, which have backed opposing sides in Syria's long-running war, also reiterated to their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey. (…) Sergey Markov, a political science professor and former member of the Russian parliament, described the result of Tuesday's talks as a 'win-win' situation for Ankara and Moscow. 'The YPG has been removed from a large piece of territory on the Turkish-Syrian border. And it will not be able to support any kind of guerillas in Turkish Kurdistan, let alone carrying attacks itself,' he said."

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17.10.2019

"Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Europe's 'double standard' in arms sales"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-saudi-arabia-europe-double-standard-arms-sales-191016231548
811.html

Al Jazeera fragt nach dem schnellen Entschluss europäischer Führungsmächte, Waffenverkäufe in die Türkei aufgrund der türkischen Syrien-Intervention zu unterbinden, warum ähnlich weitreichende Sanktionen nicht auch gegen Saudi-Arabien verhängt werden. "The swift response on Turkey stands in stark contrast to the resistance most of them showed this time last year, when human rights groups had called for similar penalties against Saudi Arabia over the killing of Jamal Khashoggi. The journalist's murder on October 2, 2018 - carried out by Saudi agents inside the kingdom's consulate in Istanbul - shocked the world and prompted renewed scrutiny over Riyadh's actions in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has waged a years-long campaign against Houthi rebels. That conflict has killed tens of thousands of people and pushed the Arab world's most impoverished country to the brink of famine. As the outcry over Khashoggi intensified, Germany responded with a six-month long arms ban on Saudi Arabia, but the other four countries continued to ignore calls for action. (...) 'When you compare Turkey to Saudi Arabia, we see an element of hypocrisy in the position of European and other Western countries,' said Marwan Kabalan, Director of Policy Analysis at the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies in Doha. 'This is because countries are less concerned about principles or consistency when it comes to foreign policy. They are mainly seeking their own interests.'"

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16.10.2019

"Saudi Arabia and Iran may finally be ready for rapprochement"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/saudi-arabia-iran-finally-ready-rapprochement-191015103242982.h
tml

Imad K Harb hält eine baldige Annäherung Irans und Saudi-Arabiens keineswegs für unwahrscheinlich. "(...) despite the ongoing friction between the two sides, Riyadh does not want to rule out the possibility of a rapprochement with Tehran in the near future. MBS was clear, in a recent interview with CBS, about his preference for a political solution to the region's ongoing problems. (...) Saudi Arabia can no longer count on Washington's direct assistance in the event of a confrontation with Iran. Whatever existed of Saudi enthusiasm for such a confrontation has dissipated after US President Donald Trump aborted the mission to punish Tehran over its downing of an American spy drone last June. (...) Despite the defiant rhetoric emanating from its leaders and institutions, the Islamic Republic is also interested in a rapprochement with Saudi Arabia. Tehran understands that it cannot remain outside the confines of regional and international systems. It also understands that it needs to make compromises, both in the region and in the international arena, to find necessary accommodations. (...) One thing is sure, however: peaceful co-existence can only work if Tehran scales down its interference in the affairs of Arab states and Riyadh accepts that Iran also has a say in regional issues."

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14.10.2019

"Amid Turkish push, displaced Arab Syrians eye return to homeland"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkish-push-displaced-arab-syrians-eye-return-homelands-191014130
349072.html

Arabische Syrer, die aufgrund des Krieges in die Türkei geflohen sind, hoffen Farah Najjar zufolge, nach einer erfolgreichen türkischen Offensive in ihre früheren Heimatstädte in Nordsyrien zurückkehren zu können. "With some 4.5 million people, the northeastern Syrian region is predominantly inhabited by Arabs, with Kurds accounting for more than an estimated 10 percent of its population. Prior to 2015, al-Hassan says they happily co-existed with their Kurdish neighbours, who were a minority among the ethnically Arab tribes of the area. 'We lived side by side for years,' he said. 'But one day, they turned against us when the armed YPG took the area from opposition fighters.' (...) According to al-Hassan, the village's locals were accused of supporting 'terrorist' ISIL fighters, which at their peak in 2015, controlled large swathes of land across Syria and Iraq. 'We tried explaining that we were just honest farmers who would die for our land,' he said, sitting on a pile of square-shaped pillows. (...) Despite being cleared in March 2017 by a UN investigation of committing rights violations against ethnic groups, the YPG has been accused by rights groups such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International of various abuses."

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10.10.2019

"Turkey's military operation in Syria: All the latest updates"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-military-operation-syria-latest-updates-191010061648676.htm
l

Al Jazeera verfolgt den Verlauf der türkischen Offensive in Nordsyrien in einem regelmäßig aktualisierten Live-Ticker. "Turkey has launched a major military operation in northeast Syria. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says the offensive - which began with air raids on Tuesday - is aimed at removing Kurdish-led forces from the border area and creating a 'safe zone' so millions of Syrian refugees can be returned. The move came after the United States announced it was withdrawing its troops from the region, leaving the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), its main ally in the battle against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) armed group, without US military support. The SDF, led by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), has appealed to the US and its allies for a 'no-fly zone' to protect it from Turkish air attacks. Turkey considers the YPG a 'terrorist' group."

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