US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"Drugs, arms, and terror: A high-profile defector on Kim's North Korea"

Die BBC habe ein Interview mit einem hochrangigen ehemaligen Mitarbeiter der nordkoreanischen Geheimdienste geführt, schreibt Laura Bicker. "The agencies were the 'eyes, ears, and brains of the Supreme Leader', he says. He claims he kept their secrets, sent assassins to kill their critics, and even built an illegal drugs-lab to help raise 'revolutionary' funds. (…) It's the first time such a senior military officer from Pyongyang has given an interview to a major broadcaster. (…) He had to flee for his life in 2014, and since then he has been living in Seoul and working for South Korean intelligence."

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"Petrol supply: Army put on standby to ease fuel crisis"

Zur Bewältigung der andauernden Kraftstoffkrise in Großbritannien sei die britische Armee in Bereitschaft versetzt worden, erläutern George Bowden und Becky Morton. "Up to 150 military tanker drivers will prepare to deliver to forecourts which have run dry because of panic buying. The surge in demand came amid fears a driver shortage would hit fuel supply - which is plentiful at refineries. (…) The UK is estimated to be short of more than 100,000 lorry drivers - causing problems for a range of industries, including food suppliers and supermarkets, in recent months."

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"Sudan: Ethiopian troops 'repelled' after al-Fashaga advance"

Sudan habe eigenen Angaben zufolge einen versuchten Einfall äthiopischer Truppen in sein Staatsgebiet abgewehrt, meldet die BBC. "The head of the Sudanese military, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, said this showed how the army was protecting the country after last week's coup attempt. In its statement, Sudan said the incident happened in the district of Umm Barakit. (…) Umm Barakit sits within the disputed al-Fashaga border region, where there has been increased tension."

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"Afghanistan: MoD shared more than 250 Afghan interpreters' details on email"

Im britischen Verteidigungsministerium sei es zu einer Datenpanne gekommen, die möglicherweise afghanische Übersetzerinnen und Übersetzer in Gefahr bringen könnte, bemerken Ed Campbell, Phil Kemp und Lucy Manning. "Defence Secretary Ben Wallace has launched an investigation into a data breach involving the email addresses of dozens of Afghan interpreters who worked for British forces. More than 250 people seeking relocation to the UK - many of whom are in hiding - were mistakenly copied into an email from the Ministry of Defence. Their email addresses could be seen by all recipients, showing people's names and some associated profile pictures. (…) It's likely this data breach was just human error, and the apology is certainly sincere, but there are obviously concerns if the email addresses, names and pictures fall into the wrong hands."

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"Aukus: France pulls out of UK defence talks amid row"

Frankreichs Verteidigungsministerin Florence Parly habe ein Treffen mit ihrem britischen Amtskollegen Ben Wallace abgesagt, beobachtet Alex Therrien. "France's defence minister has cancelled talks with her UK counterpart amid the row prompted by a new security deal between Britain, the US and Australia. (…) French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian has described it [the deal] as a 'stab in the back' that constitutes 'unacceptable behaviour between allies and partners'. And in a rare step among allies, French President Emmanuel Macron ordered the recall of the French ambassadors to Washington and Canberra."

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"China applies to join key Asia-Pacific trade pact"

China habe die Aufnahme in das transpazifische Freihandelsabkommen CPTPP beantragt, informiert BBC. "The pact that eventually became the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), was created by the US to counter China's influence. (…) After Mr Trump pulled the US out of the deal, Japan led negotiations to create what became the CPTPP. (…) China's announcement that it has officially applied to join the CPTPP comes the day after the UK, US and Australia launched a historic security pact, in what has been seen as an effort to counter Beijing's influence in the Asia-Pacific region."

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"Afghanistan: Taliban leaders in bust-up at presidential palace, sources say"

In der Taliban-Führung sei ein Streit ausgebrochen, erläutert Khudai Noor Nasar. "Supporters of two rival factions reportedly brawled at the presidential palace in the capital Kabul. The argument appeared to centre on who did the most to secure victory over the US, and how power was divided up in the new cabinet. The Taliban have officially denied the reports."

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"Ethiopia's Tigray conflict: Thousands reported killed in clashes"

Bei den anhaltenden Kämpfen zwischen Regierungstruppen und der Volksbefreiungsfront von Tigray (TPLF) im Norden Äthiopiens seien Berichten zufolge bereits Tausende von Menschen getötet worden, so BBC. "The conflict has been raging for 10 months, pushing hundreds of thousands of people into conditions of famine. The rebel forces said on Sunday that they had killed 3,073 'enemy forces', with 4,473 injured. It comes after the military said it had killed more than 5,600 rebels, without specifying a timeframe. (…) It is hard to verify figures from either side due to a communications blackout in the region."

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"Afghanistan airport attack: Who are IS-K?"

Frank Gardner beschreibt die Entstehung, Strukturen und Ziele der Terrororganisation "Islamic State Khorasan Province" (IS-K), die sich zu dem Anschlag am Kabuler Flughafen am vergangenen Donnerstag bekannt habe: "IS-K - Islamic State Khorasan Province - is the regional affiliate of the Islamic State group. It is the most extreme and violent of all the jihadist militant groups in Afghanistan. IS-K was set up in January 2015 at the height of IS's power in Iraq and Syria, before its self-declared caliphate was defeated and dismantled by a US-led coalition. (…) At its height the group numbered about 3,000 fighters. (…) Unlike the Taliban, whose interest is confined to Afghanistan, IS-K are part of the global IS network that seeks to carry out attacks on Western, international and humanitarian targets wherever they can reach them."

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"Afghanistan: Facebook continues ban of Taliban-related content"

Facebook habe bestätigt, Inhalte der Taliban weiterhin auf seinen Social-Media-Plattformen zu blockieren, informiert BBC. "For years, the Taliban has used social media to spread its messages. Its rapid takeover of Afghanistan raises fresh challenges for technology firms on how to deal with content related to the group. (…) Facebook said: 'We also have a dedicated team of Afghanistan experts, who are native Dari and Pashto speakers and have knowledge of local context, helping to identify and alert us to emerging issues on the platform.'"

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"Nigeria secures release of 100 kidnapped mothers and children"

BBC zufolge seien in Nigeria einhundert entführte Frauen und Kinder aus den Händen einer kriminellen Bande befreit worden. "The group were abducted on 8 June in Zamfara state. Four people were also killed during the incident. The Zamfara state government said they were released without any ransom being paid, but gave no further details. (…) A spate of kidnappings has taken place in the region during recent months. Since December 2020, more than 1,000 people have been abducted."

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"Pegasus: Spyware sold to governments 'targets activists'"

Wer wurde mithilfe der Software "Pegasus" möglicherweise ausspioniert? BBC gibt einen Überblick: "Rights activists, journalists and lawyers around the world have been targeted with phone malware sold to authoritarian governments by an Israeli surveillance firm, media reports say. They are on a list of some 50,000 phone numbers of people believed to be of interest to clients of the company, NSO Group, leaked to major news outlets. (…) More than 180 journalists were also found to be on the list, from organisations including CNN, the New York Times and Al Jazeera. Many of the numbers were clustered in 10 countries: Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Hungary, India, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, according to the reports."

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"Afghanistan: US to evacuate endangered translators"

Die USA hätten angekündigt, afghanische Dolmetscherinnen und Dolmetscher, die den amerikanischen Streitkräften während ihres Einsatzes in Afghanistan geholfen haben und als gefährdet gelten, ab Ende Juli zu evakuieren, berichtet BBC. "'These are courageous individuals. We want to make sure we recognise and value the role they've played over the last several years,' White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki told a briefing. An official, speaking on condition of anonymity, told the Reuters news agency that the initial evacuation will include about 2,500 people who are likely to be housed in military facilities, either in the US or a third country, while their visa applications are processed."

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"Classified Ministry of Defence documents found at bus stop"

Ein Bürger habe an einer Bushaltestelle in Kent geheime Dokumente des britischen Verteidigungsministeriums mit Details zum Zerstörer "HMS Defender" und anderen Belangen des britischen Militärs gefunden, erläutert Paul Adams. "One set of documents discusses the likely Russian reaction to the ship's passage through Ukrainian waters off the Crimea coast on Wednesday. Another details plans for a possible UK military presence in Afghanistan after the US-led Nato operation there ends. The government said an investigation had been launched."

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"South China Sea dispute: Malaysia accuses China of breaching airspace"

Nachdem 16 chinesische Militärflugzeuge den Luftraum umstrittener Gewässer vor der Küste Malaysias durchflogen hätten, kündigte die malaysische Regierung an, den chinesischen Botschafter einzubestellen, meldet die BBC. "According to the Malaysian air force, the Chinese aircraft were 'flying in tactical formation' at up to 27,000 ft (8.2km) and came within 60 nautical miles (110km) of Sarawak, a Malaysian state on the island of Borneo. (…) Foreign Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said the planes had entered the country's 'maritime zone' and that a complaint would be lodged with Beijing. He said the Chinese ambassador was being summoned to explain the 'breach of the Malaysian airspace and sovereignty'."

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"Myanmar coup: 'Dozens killed' in military crackdown in Bago"

Laut BBC seien bei Protesten gegen den Militärputsch in der myanmarischen Stadt Bago mehr als 80 Menschen von Sicherheitskräften getötet worden. "The military is reported to have taken away the bodies of those killed, and the true number of deaths may never be accurately established. Witnesses told local media that soldiers had used heavy weapons and had shot at anything that moved. More than 600 people have been killed since the 1 February military coup."

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"Hotel Rwanda hero Rusesabagina in court on terrorism charges"

Paul Rusesabagina, der während des Völkermords in Ruanda in seinem Hotel hunderte Menschen rettete, steht in Kigali wegen Terrorismus-Vorwürfen und der mutmaßlichen Rekrutierung von Kindersoldaten vor Gericht, so die BBC. Die Anwälte des Angeklagten bestritten die Vorwürfe. "Mr Rusesabagina has been internationally recognised for his humanitarian efforts, receiving several human rights awards, including the US Presidential Medal of Freedom. But he did not receive that same level of admiration in his own country, where authorities and some survivors of the genocide questioned the veracity of his version of events at the Mille Collines, where he was the manager."

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"Arab Spring: How the uprisings still echo, 10 years on"

Jeremy Bowen erinnert sich an den Sturz des ägyptischen Präsidenten Hosni Mubarak vor zehn Jahren und skizziert, wie sich die Situation im Nahen Osten seither entwickelte. "While regimes have held on to power they have not restored stability, or consent. The Middle East is in a long and difficult process of change. The 2011 uprisings were fuelled by the anger of young people who were fed up with corruption, repression and unemployment. All those grievances still exist. (…) Anger smoulders across the Middle East."

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"Chinese and Indian troops 'in new border clash'"

Im Grenzgebiet zwischen China und Indien ist es Berichten zufolge erneut zu einem Zusammenstoß zwischen Truppen beider Länder gekommen. "Chinese and Indian troops have reportedly clashed again in a disputed border area, with injuries on both sides, Indian media reports say. The incident took place in north Sikkim last Wednesday. India's army said there had been a 'minor' incident that had been 'resolved'. Tensions are high along the world's longest disputed border. Both sides claim large areas of territory. (…) It happened at the Nathu La pass in north Sikkim, the media reports said. The Sikkim region is sandwiched between Bhutan and Nepal, about 2,500km (1,500 miles) east of the Ladakh area. A Chinese patrol tried to enter Indian territory and was forced back, the officials said." (BBC vom 25.01.2021

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"Tunisians question whether life is better after Arab Spring"

Zehn Jahre nach Ausbruch des Arabischen Frühlings habe sich in Tunesien allgemeine Ernüchterung ausgebreitet, berichtet Rana Jawad in ihrer Reportage. "'Be honest, can you really say things are better today?' It is a question I have often been asked, by Tunisia's poor and privileged alike, as well as those in-between. (…) There is no question that people here are hurting - financially and socially - or that vital public services are declining. There have been annual bouts of civil unrest in recent years, usually demanding jobs and better pay. For 10 years, across the region, I have witnessed a lot of confusion and struggle. A sense of gain one day, matched by a sense of loss the next, and an inch of hope one year that is later engulfed by hopelessness, to varying degrees. Tunisia has been trapped in a soft cycle of that turmoil."

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"US in Somalia: 'We still need the Americans for security'"

Andrew Harding berichtet aus Mogadischu über den Zustand des fragilen politischen Systems in Somalia. "Tensions are rising sharply in Somalia, as the country's fragile political system wrestles with a bitterly contested election process, the withdrawal of some vital US military forces, and renewed concerns about an increasingly well-resourced militant Islamist insurgency. Diplomats and observers are warning that the country - three decades after it collapsed into anarchy - is once again at a crossroads, with recent progress on rebuilding a shattered state now at risk."

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"Trump impeachment: President faces Senate trial after historic second charge"

Als erster US-Präsident muss Donald Trump bereits zum zweiten Mal fürchten, durch ein Impeachment-Verfahren seines Amtes enthoben zu werden. Nach dem entsprechenden Beschluss des Repräsentantenhauses muss nun der Senat entscheiden, ob es tatsächlich dazu kommen wird. "The Senate, the upper house of the US Congress, will hold a trial to determine the president's guilt but this will not happen during Mr Trump's remaining week in office. Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell said there was 'simply no chance that a fair or serious trial' could conclude given 'the rules, procedures, and Senate precedents' that govern trials involving presidents. A two-thirds majority will be needed to convict Mr Trump, meaning at least 17 Republicans would have to vote with Democrats in the evenly split, 100-seat chamber. As many as 20 Republicans are open to convicting the president, the New York Times reported on Tuesday. In a note to colleagues, Mr McConnell said he had not made a final decision on how he would vote. If Mr Trump is convicted, senators could then hold another vote to block him from running for elected office again, which he has indicated he planned to do in 2024."

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"Kim Jong-un pledges to expand North Korea's nuclear arsenal"

Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un hat einen Ausbau des nordkoreanischen Atomwaffenarsenals angekündigt. "North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has said the US is his country's 'biggest enemy' and that he does not expect Washington to change its policy toward Pyongyang - whoever is president. Addressing a rare congress of his ruling Workers' Party, Mr Kim also pledged to expand North Korea's nuclear weapons arsenal and military potential. He said that plans for a nuclear submarine were almost complete."

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"Biden: Black Lives protesters treated very differently"

Die BBC verfolgte die aktuellen Ereignisse in Washington in diesem Live-Blog. "Joe Biden calls the Capitol protest one of 'darkest days' in US history, blaming President Trump for stoking violence He said police had shown more leniency than in Black Lives Matter protests last year and it was 'totally unacceptable'. (...) Democratic congressional leaders Nancy Pelosi and Chuck Schumer call for Trump to be ousted - 13 days before his term ends."

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"Loujain al-Hathloul: Saudi woman activist jailed for five years"

Ein saudi-arabisches Gericht hat die Aktivistin Loujain al-Hathloul, die sich für das Frauenfahrrecht eingesetzt hat, zu fünf Jahren Haft verurteilt. BBC-Korrespondentin Lyse Doucet kommentiert: "Loujain Al-Hathloul is now even more famous for her incarceration than she was for her bold activism in the campaign for the right to drive. She has come to symbolise the human rights abuses that stubbornly cast a long shadow over Saudi Arabia's drive for economic and social reform - while it keeps an increasingly tight rein on political dissent. When Joe Biden takes over as US president, he is expected to take a tougher stance on human rights violations. But Saudi officials insist they will continue to chart their own course. The Kingdom believes its role as the world's top oil exporter and regional power player matter to the international community above all else."

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"Charlie Hebdo: Fourteen guilty in 2015 Paris terror attacks trial"

Die BBC berichtet über die Urteilsverkündung im Prozess gegen 14 Personen, die am Terroranschlag auf das französische Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo beteiligt waren. "A Paris court has found 14 people guilty of involvement in a series of deadly militant Islamist attacks. The January 2015 attacks on Charlie Hebdo magazine, a policewoman and a Jewish supermarket left 17 people dead. Eleven defendants appeared in court for the verdict on Wednesday, and three were tried in absentia. One of those not in court was Hayat Boumeddiene, the fugitive partner of Amedy Coulibaly who was killed in the attack on the supermarket. Boumeddiene, who fled to Syria a week before the attacks, was found guilty of financing terrorism and belonging to a criminal terrorist network. She was handed a 30-year jail sentence. The main defendant in court, Ali Riza Polat, was found guilty of complicity in terrorist crime and also given a 30-year jail term."

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"Saudi Arabia: Three campaigns MBS cannot win"

Saudi-Arabiens Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman sehe sich drei politischen Krisenherden gegenüber, schreibt Frank Gardner. "So what are the issues at stake and why do they matter to those in power in Washington and Riyadh? The Yemen war (…) The Saudis would like to find a face-saving way out of it. But having set out, in their words, 'to stop Iran gaining a foothold on their southern border', they insist they cannot accept an armed militia backed by Iran holding power in Yemen. (…) The imprisoned women. This has been an international PR catastrophe for the Saudi leadership. Thirteen peaceful Saudi women activists have been locked up, and in some cases horrifically abused, for the apparent crime of demanding the right to drive and an end to the grossly unfair system of male guardianship. (…) Just as with the Yemen war, this is a hole the Saudi leadership has dug itself into and is now searching for a face-saving way out of. (…) The Qatar boycott. This, on the surface, is poised to be resolved after exhaustive, behind-the-scenes Kuwaiti mediation. Beneath the surface, however, the problem runs deeper. (…) whatever is agreed in mediation will still need to be borne out in practice. It will take years for Qatar to forgive its neighbours and it will take years for them to trust Qatar again."

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"Christchurch massacre: Inquiry finds failures ahead of attack"

Eine Untersuchung der Umstände des Terroranschlags von Christchurch im vergangenen Jahr hat festgestellt, dass die Tragödie durch die Behörden nicht verhindert hätte werden können. "The inquiry was launched after white supremacist Brenton Tarrant killed 51 people at two mosques in March 2019. It found he had been able to accumulate a massive trove of weapons, with authorities failing to enforce proper checks on firearms licences. It further found officials were overly focussed on Islamist terrorism. However, correcting these failures would not have stopped the Australian national, who was sentenced to life in prison without parole earlier this year, from carrying out the attack, it said. What's more, the patchwork of clues discovered by police after the massacre - including his steroid abuse, a hospital admission after he'd accidentally shot himself, and visits to far-right websites - would not have proved enough to predict the attack."

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"Nagorno-Karabakh conflict killed 5,000 soldiers"

Neuen offiziellen Zahlen zufolge sind bei dem sechswöchigen Krieg in Bergkarabach über 5.000 Soldaten getötet worden. "Azerbaijan made significant territorial gains but gave no casualty numbers, while Armenia said last month it had counted 2,425 dead soldiers. Now Azerbaijan says 2,783 of its forces died in the Nagorno-Karabakh war and another 100 are missing in action. It brings to over 5,000 the number of soldiers confirmed to have died. At least 143 civilians were also killed on both sides and tens of thousands more were displaced by the fighting."

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"Russian influence under threat in its own back yard"

Die türkische Rolle im Konflikt um Bergkarabach wird andere regionale Mächte nach Ansicht einiger Experten ermutigen und den russischen Einfluss in der Region weiter reduzieren. "'What happened in Karabakh is truly a geo-political catastrophe for Moscow's influence, not only in the South Caucasus, but across what remains of the post-Soviet space,' concludes political commentator Konstantin von Eggert. 'In effect we've seen an Armenian army, which was trained and armed by Russia, defeated by an Azerbaijani army trained and armed by the Turks. President Erdogan's Turkey has gained a very important foothold in the region.' 'The conclusions that regional players like Turkey, China and Iran will draw from this will be that they can further muscle into the region, in Central Asia and in South Caucasus, without consulting too much with Moscow or fearing repercussions from the Kremlin.'"

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