US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Associated Press


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"Iran executes exiled journalist who encouraged 2017 protests"

Die iranische Führung hat den regierungskritischen Dissidenten Ruhollah Zam hinrichten lassen. "Iran on Saturday executed an exiled journalist over his online work that helped inspire nationwide economic protests in 2017, a little more than a year after authorities tricked him into traveling to Iraq where he was abducted. Ruhollah Zam, 47, was one of several opposition figures successfully seized by Iranian intelligence operatives abroad in recent months as Tehran struggles under the weight of U.S. sanctions. Kidnapping and executing Zam, who lived in Paris under what Iran described as French government protection, likely will further chill an already-scattered Iranian opposition across the West. It also comes as Iran tries to pressure France and other European nations over the collapsed atomic accord in the waning days of President Donald Trump’s administration."

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"Iran scientist linked to military nuclear program killed"

Iran vermutet, dass Israel hinter dem tödlichen Attentat auf einen hochrangigen Atomwissenschaftler steckt. "An Iranian scientist named by the West as the leader of the Islamic Republic’s disbanded military nuclear program was killed Friday in an ambush on the outskirts of Tehran, authorities said. Iran’s foreign minister alleged the killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh bore 'serious indications' of an Israeli role, but did not elaborate. Israel, long suspected of killing several Iranian nuclear scientists a decade ago, declined to immediately comment. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu once told the public to 'remember that name' when talking about Fakhrizadeh."

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"Erdogan says Turkey's place is in Europe before EU summit"

Der türkische Präsident Erdogan besteht nach wie vor auf seiner Forderung nach einer vollen EU-Mitgliedschaft. "Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Sunday that Turkey sees itself as a part of Europe, but he called on the European Union to 'keep your promises' on issues such as the country’s membership bid and refugees. He spoke before an EU summit due to be held next month. In recent weeks, EU members have raised the prospect of sanctions against Turkey over its gas exploration missions in the eastern Mediterranean. 'We always see ourselves as part of Europe,' Erdogan said in a virtual speech to ruling party members. 'We chose to favor Europe as long as they don’t force us to look elsewhere.' He added: 'Keep your promises to our country, from full membership to the issue of refugees. Let’s establish a closer and more efficient cooperation together.'"

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"Japan’s Abe seeks preemptive strike capacity in policy shift"

Japans scheidender Premierminister Abe hat gefordert, dass dem japanischen Militär angesichts der zunehmenden Bedrohung durch Raketen und Atomwaffen in der Region gesetzlich erlaubt werden sollte, feindliche Stützpunkte im Ausland mit präemptiven Militärschlägen anzugreifen. "Defense experts in his governing Liberal Democratic Party earlier compiled a report urging Japan to develop a preemptive strike ability because of North Korea’s missile and nuclear development and China’s increasingly assertive activity in the East and South China Seas. (…) Allowing strikes on enemy territory would require Japan to have long-range weapons including cruise missiles such as U.S.-developed Tomahawks and other highly advanced military equipment. A revision of the defense policy allowing such weapons, however, could be a challenge. Even some hawkish defense experts say allowing a preemptive strike capability within Japan’s constitutional limitations would be difficult. Such capabilities would also be costly, and Japan would have to rely on the U.S. for surveillance, former Defense Minister Shigeru Ishiba said."

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"AP Exclusive: Barr 'vehemently opposed' to pardoning Snowden"

US-Justizminister Barr hat sich im Gegensatz zu Präsident Trump deutlich gegen eine Begnadigung des NSA-Whistleblowers Edward Snowden ausgesprochen. "Attorney General William Barr said he would be 'vehemently opposed' to any attempt to pardon former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, after the president suggested he might consider it. (…) 'He was a traitor and the information he provided our adversaries greatly hurt the safety of the American people,' Barr said. 'He was peddling it around like a commercial merchant. We can’t tolerate that.'"

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"Russia warns it will see any incoming missile as nuclear"

Das russische Militär hat gewarnt, dass es jeden Angriff mit einer ballistischen Rakete als Atomangriff betrachten und entsprechend reagieren würde. "In the Krasnaya Zvezda article, senior officers of the Russian military’s General Staff, Maj.-Gen. Andrei Sterlin and Col. Alexander Khryapin, noted that there will be no way to determine if an incoming ballistic missile is fitted with a nuclear or a conventional warhead, and so the military will see it as a nuclear attack. 'Any attacking missile will be perceived as carrying a nuclear warhead,' the article said. 'The information about the missile launch will be automatically relayed to the Russian military-political leadership, which will determine the scope of retaliatory action by nuclear forces depending on the evolving situation.' The argument reflects Russia’s longtime concerns about the development of weapons that could give Washington the capability to knock out key military assets and government facilities without resorting to atomic weapons."

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"Court overturns Boston Marathon bomber’s death sentence"

Ein US-Bundesgericht hat die Todesstrafe gegen Dzhokhar Tsarnaev aufgehoben, der wegen des Terroranschlags von 2013 in Boston verurteilt wurde. "A three-judge panel of the 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered a new penalty-phase trial on whether the 27-year-old Tsarnaev should be executed for the attack that killed three people and wounded more than 260 others. 'But make no mistake: Dzhokhar will spend his remaining days locked up in prison, with the only matter remaining being whether he will die by execution,' Judge O. Rogeriee Thompson wrote in the ruling, more than six months after arguments were heard in the case. An attorney for Tsarnaev said they are grateful for the court’s 'straightforward and fair decision: if the government wishes to put someone to death, it must make its case to a fairly selected jury that is provided all relevant information.' 'It is now up to the government to determine whether to put the victims and Boston through a second trial, or to allow closure to this terrible tragedy by permitting a sentence of life without the possibility of release,' David Patton said in an email."

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"UN says thousands of anti-Pakistan militants in Afghanistan"

Einem neuen UN-Bericht zufolge verstecken sich über 6.000 pakistanische Extremisten in Afghanistan. Dort hätten sie Verbindungen zum afghanischen Ableger des "Islamischen Staates" geknüpft. "The report released this week said the group, known as the Tehreek-e-Taliban (TTP), has linked up with the Afghan-based affiliate of the Islamic State group. Some of TTP’s members have even joined the IS affiliate, which has its headquarters in eastern Afghanistan. (…) The report said IS in Afghanistan, known as IS in Khorasan province, has been hit hard by Afghan security forces as well as U.S. and NATO forces, and even on occasion by the Afghan Taliban. The report was prepared by the U.N. analytical and sanctions monitoring team, which tracks terrorist groups around the world. The report estimated the membership of IS in Afghanistan at 2,200, and while its leadership has been depleted, IS still counts among its leaders a Syrian national Abu Said Mohammad al-Khorasani."

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"Chaotic protests prompt soul-searching in Portland, Oregon"

Die seit Wochen andauernden "chaotischen Proteste" in Portland hätten eine Debatte über die Ursachen der Gewalt und des Vandalismus ausgelöst, berichtet Gillian Flaccus. "Lost in the debate are the downtown businesses racking up millions in property damage and lost sales and the voices of the hundreds of thousands of Portland residents who have stayed off the streets. (…) Police have arrested dozens of people, dispersing protesters with tear gas on multiple occasions. Federal law enforcement officers sent in two weeks ago by Trump to stop the unrest have further inflamed tensions, particularly after one protester was critically injured when a federal agent fired a non-lethal round at his head. (…) Some members of the Black community, which makes up less than 6% of Portland’s population, say the continual clashes with police — including in a historically Black part of the city — are distracting from the message of racial justice. 'It’s very clear to me that this is not about accomplishing goals. This is about anarchy, and people are taking advantage of the demonstrations for their own reasons that have nothing to do with social justice,' said Ron Herndon, a prominent civil rights activist."

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"Turkey begins offensive against Kurdish rebels in north Iraq"

Die Türkei hat im Norden Iraks eine Bodenoffensive gegen kurdische PKK-Rebellen eröffnet, berichten Suzan Fraser und Qassim Abdul-Zahra. "The airborne-and-land offensive into the border region of Haftanin, some 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the Turkey-Iraq border, was launched following intense artillery fire into the area, said the Defense Ministry in Ankara. The operation by commando forces is being supported by warplanes, attack helicopters, artillery and armed and unarmed drones, according to the ministry’s statement posted on Twitter. It did not say how many troops are involved. (…) The presence of PKK rebels has brought discomfort to senior Iraqi Kurdish officials, with one official saying the areas where PKK function are a 'no man’s land.' He spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the operations. Kawa Sheikhmous, a PKK official who was in Iraq’s northern Kurdish region Tuesday, criticized the Iraqi government for not taking a stronger stance against Turkish incursions."

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"Analysis: White House, Pentagon tensions near breaking point"

Die Debatte über den Einsatz des US-Militärs zur Unterdrückung von Protesten und Ausschreitungen in amerikanischen Städten habe zu einem tiefen Riss zwischen dem Weißen Haus und dem Pentagon geführt, schreibt Robert Burns. "Calm may return, both in the crisis over Floyd’s death and in Pentagon leaders’ angst over Trump’s threats to use federal troops to put down protesters. But it could leave a residue of resentment and unease about this president’s approach to the military, whose leaders welcome his push for bigger budgets but chafe at being seen as political tools. The nub of the problem is that Trump sees no constraint on his authority to use what he calls the 'unlimited power' of the military even against U.S. citizens if he believes it necessary. Military leaders generally take a far different view. They believe that active-duty troops, trained to hunt and kill an enemy, should be used to enforce the law only in the most extreme emergency, such as an attempted actual rebellion. That limit exists, they argue, to keep the public’s trust."

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"Afghan government releases hundreds of Taliban prisoners"

Die afghanische Regierung hat vor dem Auslaufen einer Waffenruhe hunderte Taliban-Kämpfer aus der Haft entlassen. "The prisoner release is part of the U.S. deal with the Taliban, signed on Feb. 29, to allow for the eventual withdrawal of U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, bringing to an end the country’s protracted war and America’s longest military involvement. When the deal was signed, it was touted as Afghanistan’s best chance for peace after decades of war. But political feuding in Kabul and delays in prisoner exchanges have slowed the deal’s progress toward intra-Afghan negotiations, considered the second and most critical phase of the accord. Under the deal, Kabul is to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners while the insurgents are to free 1,000 captives, mostly government officials and Afghan forces, before intra-Afghan negotiations can begin. (…) Javid Faisal, a national security spokesman in Kabul, urged the Taliban to extend the cease-fire and said the government would release 900 prisoners Tuesday. That would bring to 2,000 the number of Taliban prisoners released so far under the U.S.-Taliban deal. The Taliban say they have released 240 captives."

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"US begins troop withdrawal from Afghanistan, official says"

Die mit den Taliban vereinbarte erste Phase des US-Truppenabzugs aus Afghanistan hat Angaben des US-Militärs zufolge begonnen. "American troops have begun leaving Afghanistan for the initial troop withdrawal required in the U.S.-Taliban peace agreement, the U.S. military confirmed Monday, amid political chaos in Kabul that threatens the deal. Army Col. Sonny Leggett, spokesman for U.S. forces in Afghanistan, said in a statement that the U.S. is moving ahead with plans to cut the number of forces in the country from about 13,000 to 8,600 over the next four and a half months. Another U.S. official said hundreds of troops have headed out of the country as previously planned, but they will not be replaced. The official spoke to The Associated Press on the condition of anonymity to discuss the movement ahead of a public announcement."

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"Syrian war pulls in major foreign actors, increasing tension"

Die sich häufenden Kämpfe zwischen türkischen und syrischen Regierungstruppen im Norden Syriens könnten zu einem offenen Grenzkrieg mit Beteiligung weiterer ausländischer Akteure eskalieren, warnt Zeina Karam. "Syria’s civil war long has provided a free-for-all battlefield for proxy fighters. But in its ninth year, it is drawing major foreign actors into direct conflict, with the threat of all-out confrontations becoming a real possibility. In the northwest, the Syrian government’s Russia-backed military offensive to recapture Idlib, the country's last opposition-controlled region, has infuriated Ankara, which has poured in thousands of troops in response. In the northeast, U.S. troops on a murky mission to protect oil fields find themselves an increasing target as government troops exhibit more confidence. The result is a battlefield so fraught with tensions that every day brings the potential for an incident or a miscalculation that could ignite broader violence."

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"Outgoing Iraq PM says US troop ouster up to next government"

Der irakische Premierminister Adel Abdul-Mahdi will angesichts der angedrohten harten US-Sanktionen auf eine Entscheidung über den vom Parlament geforderten Abzug der im Irak stationierten US-Truppen verzichten. "Iraq’s outgoing prime minister said Wednesday it was up to the next government to see through parliament’s decision to oust U.S. troops. Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi’s comments came ahead of planned protests against the American military presence in Iraq called for by an influential Shiite cleric. Washington has responded to Iraq’s requests to initiate troop withdrawals with blunt refusal. (…) Meanwhile, followers of influential Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr acted on his call for 'millions' to take to the streets to demonstrate against the American troop presence by announcing planned protests to take place next week, according to a statement circulating on social media verified by two activists. The protests are expected to take place on Jan. 24, according to the statement."

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"Trump OKs wider Syria oil mission, raising legal questions"

Lolita C. Baldor berichtet über neue Zweifel an der Legitimierung des von US-Präsident Trump angekündigten Militäreinsatzes zur Bewachung der Ölfelder im Nordosten Syriens. "Under the new plan, troops would protect a large swath of land controlled by Syrian Kurdish fighters that stretches nearly 90 miles (150 kilometers) from Deir el-Zour to al-Hassakeh, but its exact size is still being determined. (…) The legal authority for U.S. troops going into Syria to fight Islamic State militants was based on the 2001 and 2002 Authorizations for Use of Military Force that said U.S. troops can use all necessary force against those involved in the Sept. 11 attacks on America and to prevent any future acts of international terrorism. So, legal experts say the U.S. may have grounds to use the AUMF to prevent the oil from falling into IS hands. But protecting the oil from Syria government forces or other entities may be harder to defend. 'The U.S. is not at war with either Syria or Turkey, making the use of the AUMF a stretch,' said Stephen Vladeck, a national security law professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He added that while the U.S. Constitution bestows significant war powers on the president, those are generally meant to be about self-defense and for the collective defense of the country. Arguing that securing the oil is necessary for national security 'just strikes me as a bridge too far,' he said."

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"US judge: Terror watchlist violates constitutional rights"

Ein Bundesrichter hat entschieden, dass die Liste der US-Regierung mit über einer Million Namen mutmaßlicher und bekannter Terroristen die verfassungsmäßigen Rechte der betroffenen US-Bürger verletzt. "The ruling from U.S. District Judge Anthony Trenga grants summary judgment to nearly two dozen Muslim U.S. citizens who had challenged the watchlist with the help of a Muslim civil-rights group, the Council on American-Islamic Relations. But the judge is seeking additional legal briefs before deciding what remedy to impose. (...) The watchlist is disseminated to a variety of governmental departments, foreign governments and police agencies. The FBI declined comment on the ruling Wednesday. In court, the FBI’s lawyers argued that the difficulties suffered by the plaintiffs pale in comparison to the government’s interests in combatting terrorism."

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"Trump wields sanctions hammer; experts wonder to what end"

US-Präsident Trump setze in seiner Außenpolitik seit seinem Amtsantritt auf eine "Diplomatie des Zwangs", stellt Matthew Lee fest. Viele Experten bezweifelten allerdings, ob permanenter Druck und immer neue Sanktionen tatsächlich zu den gewünschten Ergebnissen führen können. "The combination of more sticks and fewer carrots has created a disconnection between leveraging the might of America’s economic power and effectively projecting it, according to experts who fear the administration is relying too much on coercion at the expense of cooperation. It also has caused significant tensions with American allies, especially in Europe, where experts say a kind of sanctions fatigue may be setting in. (...) It’s rare for a week to go by without the administration announcing new sanctions. (...) 'President Trump has completely conflated economic sanctions and commercial policy,' said Gary Haufbauer, a senior fellow with the Peterson Institute for International Economics who was a senior treasury official during the Carter administration. He said that while that approach might work with countries such as Mexico and Guatemala over immigration, trade measures and sanctions against China and Russia do not."

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"Iran’s seizure of UK tanker in Gulf seen as escalation"

Auch die Associated Press berichtet über den jüngsten Vorfall in der Straße von Hormus. "The seizing of the British tanker marked perhaps the most significant escalation since tensions between Iran and the West began rising in May. At that time, the U.S. announced it was dispatching an aircraft carrier and additional troops to the Middle East, citing unspecified threats posed by Iran. The ongoing showdown has caused jitters around the globe, with each maneuver bringing fear that any misunderstanding or misstep by either side could lead to war."

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"Top US and Russian diplomats discussed ways to end Syria war"

Hochrangige russische und amerikanische Diplomaten haben Edith Lederer zufolge in Sotschi über mögliche Wege zur Beendigung des langjährigen Kriegs in Syrien beraten. "The United States initially insisted that any future Syrian government must not include President Bashar Assad, but it appears to have dropped that demand. Jeffrey’s comment wasn’t clear on whether Assad could remain in power if he adhered to Resolution 2254 and won a U.N.-monitored election. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Vershinin called the Sochi talks 'positive and constructive.' (...) [U.N. special envoy for Syria, Geir Pedersen,] said the U.S.-Russia meeting in Sochi was 'extremely important and is a positive opening for a way to move forward on the political front.' 'I believe that cooperation between Russia and the U.S. is essential for us to be able to move forward in the political process, and that’s what I’m hearing from both my Russian friends and my American friends,' he said."

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"Russia raises alarm about Islamic extremists in Afghanistan"

Der Chef des russischen Geheimdienstes FSB, Alexander Bortnikov, hat vor einer Destabilisierung früherer Sowjetrepubliken an der Nordgrenze Afghanistans durch den "Islamischen Staat" gewarnt. "Alexander Bortnikov, chief of the main Russian intelligence agency FSB, said on a visit to Tajikistan that some 5,000 fighters of an Islamic State group affiliate have gathered in areas bordering on former Soviet states in Central Asia, saying that most of them fought alongside IS in Syria. Bortnikov, in comments carried by Russian news agencies, called for tighter border control to prevent a spillover. (...) Russia has been expressing concern about the IS insurgency spilling over into Central Asia for several years. But some experts say the Kremlin is exaggerating the number of extremists to justify its outreach to the Taliban."

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"Venezuela’s Guaidó asks for relations with US military"

Venezuelas Oppositionsführer Guaidó hat angekündigt, in direkten Kontakt mit dem US-Militär treten zu wollen, um den Druck auf Präsident Maduro weiter zu verstärken. "The leader said he’s asked Carlos Vecchio, who the U.S. recognizes as Venezuela’s ambassador, to open 'direct communications' toward possible military 'coordination.' The remarks, at the end of a rally Saturday, mark one of his strongest public pleas yet for greater U.S. involvement in the country’s fast-escalating crisis. While Guaidó has repeatedly echoed comments from the Trump administration that 'all options' are on the table for removing Maduro, few in the U.S. or Venezuelan opposition view military action as likely nor has the White House indicated it’s seriously considering such a move. But with tensions between the U.S. and Maduro running high, the saber rattling is getting louder."

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"Qatari official: Afghan talks postponed indefinitely"

Die geplante erste Runde direkter Friedensgespräche zwischen Vertretern der afghanischen Regierung und der Taliban in Katar ist aufgrund eines Streits um die Teilnehmerliste auf unbestimmte Zeit verschoben worden. "The senior official said negotiations went awry after President Ashraf Ghani opposed a list of participants announced by [Qatar’s Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies, the organization sponsoring the talks]. A list of 243 people was announced by Qatar on Thursday. That list differed from Ghani’s list of 250 people, which included many more women, according to a senior government official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the media. (...) Kabul’s many groups, including opposing warlords, political opposition and even feuding government officials have made the task of finding representatives everyone can agree on a difficult one. The government’s list of 250 participants is a reflection of its 'inability to gather the various political parties together and form a team that can speak with one voice,' said Bill Roggio, editor of the Long War Journal. 'There is much distrust amongst the political parties and other groups, particularly after some groups met the Taliban in Russia without the permission of the Afghan government,' said Roggio."

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"US-Russia chill stirs worry about stumbling into conflict"

Der demnächst aus dem Amt scheidende Nato-Oberbefehlshaber Curtis Scaparrotti hat in einem Interview seine Sorge über die mangelnde Kommunikation zwischen dem amerikanischen und dem russischen Militär ausgedrückt. "Unlike during the Cold War, when generations lived under threat of a nuclear Armageddon, the two militaries are barely on speaking terms. 'During the Cold War, we understood each other’s signals. We talked,' says the top NATO commander in Europe, U.S. Army Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, who is about to retire. 'I’m concerned that we don’t know them as well today.' Scaparrotti, in his role as Supreme Allied Commander Europe, has met only twice with Gen. Valery Gerasimov, the chief of the Russian general staff, but has spoken to him by phone a number of other times. 'I personally think communication is a very important part of deterrence,' Scaparrotti said, referring to the idea that adversaries who know each other’s capabilities and intentions are less likely to fall into conflict."

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"Banning of manifesto raises free speech debate in N. Zealand"

Das Verbot des Manifests des Attentäters von Christchurch hat in Neuseeland eine Debatte über Zensur und Meinungsfreiheit ausgelöst, berichtet Nick Perry. Neuseeländischen Bürgern, die das Dokument auf ihren Rechnern gespeichert haben, droht künftig eine Haftstrafe von bis zu 10 Jahren. "New Zealanders are debating the limits of free speech after their chief censor banned the 74-page manifesto written and released by the man accused of slaughtering 50 people at two mosques in the city of Christchurch. The ban, issued Saturday, means anybody caught with the document on their computer could face up to 10 years in prison, while anyone caught sending it could face 14 years. Some say the ban goes too far and risks lending both the document and the gunman mystique. (...) while free speech advocates haven’t questioned banning the graphic video, they said banning the manifesto is a step too far. 'People are more confident of each other and their leaders when there is no room left for conspiracy theories, when nothing is hidden,' said Stephen Franks, a constitutional lawyer and spokesman for the Free Speech Coalition. 'The damage and risks are greater from suppressing these things than they are from trusting people to form their own conclusions and to see evil or madness for what it is.'"

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"China bars millions from travel for 'social credit' offenses"

Das umstrittene Sozialkreditsystem in China hat Joe McDonald zufolge dazu geführt, dass Millionen Chinesen mit offenbar ungenügender Bewertung der Kauf von Flug- und Zugtickets verwehrt worden ist. "Authorities have experimented with 'social credit' since 2014 in areas across China. Points are deducted for breaking the law or, in some areas, offenses as minor as walking a dog without a leash. Human rights activists say 'social credit' is too rigid and might unfairly label people as untrustworthy without telling them they have lost status or how to restore it. (...) The ruling party wants a nationwide system by 2020 but has yet to say how it will operate. Possible penalties include restrictions on travel, business and access to education. A slogan repeated in state media says, 'Once you lose trust, you will face restrictions everywhere.' Companies on the blacklist can lose government contracts or access to bank loans or be barred from issuing bonds or importing goods. (...) 'Social credit' is one facet of efforts by the ruling party to take advantage of increased computing power, artificial intelligence and other technology to track and control the Chinese public."

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"AP Exclusive: Anti-Maduro coalition grew from secret talks"

Die Associated Press berichtet exklusiv über die Entstehungsgeschichte der Anti-Maduro-Koalition in Venezuela, die mit Unterstützung der USA und anderer lateinamerikanischer Länder zustande gekommen sei. "The coalition of Latin American governments that joined the U.S. in quickly recognizing Juan Guaido as Venezuela’s interim president came together over weeks of secret diplomacy that included whispered messages to activists under constant surveillance and a high-risk foreign trip by the opposition leader challenging President Nicolas Maduro for power, those involved in the talks said. (...) The decision to confront Maduro directly was only possible because of strong support from the Trump administration, which led a chorus of mostly conservative Latin American governments that immediately recognized Guaido. It was no small diplomatic feat, comparable in recent times only to how the hemisphere in 1994 rallied behind Jean Bertrand Aristide to bring him back to power in Haiti after we was deposed in a coup, given the mistrust of the U.S. in Latin America stemming from U.S. military interventions in the region during the Cold War."

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"'Rage' against elite: Centrist leaders losing Europe’s favor"

Der angekündigte Rücktritt Angelas Merkels als CDU-Chefin wird von Gregory Katz als weiterer Beleg für einen europaweiten Trend betrachtet. In vielen Ländern werden demnach Parteien der traditionellen "Mitte" immer stärker an den politischen Rand gedrängt. "Alice Billon-Galland, a policy fellow with the European Leadership Network in London, says voters in Europe are supporting not only far-right parties but smaller 'anti-establishment' parties from the left as well, such as the Greens, who did well in German voting. (...) The atmosphere is completely different than it was two decades ago in the period that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the enlargement of the EU to include former Soviet satellites. Triumphalism reigned, with the perhaps naive belief that the trappings of liberal democracy, including freedom of expression, freedom of movement and free-market capitalism, would carry the day for the foreseeable future. That was before Europe was hit by a series of lethal extremist attacks, a large influx of migrants from Asia, Africa and the Middle East and several financial crises that badly shook faith in the euro, the common currency that had been seen by many as the cement that would bind Europe together in an 'ever closer union.'"

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"US military announces plan to add troops in Germany"

Das US-Militär plant der Associated Press zufolge, zusätzliche 1.500 Soldaten in Deutschland zu stationieren. "The military said Friday that the new unit activations are scheduled to begin this year and that the troops and their families should all be in place in southern Germany by September 2020. U.S. Ambassador Richard Grenell says they’ll add to more than 33,000 American troops already in Germany and reinforce that the U.S. is 'committed to strengthening the transatlantic alliance and President (Donald) Trump’s promise to increase U.S. defense capabilities means the alliance is stronger today.'"

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"With hugs, leaders of rivals Ethiopia, Eritrea finally meet"

Die Anführer der lange Zeit verfeindeten Länder Äthiopien und Eritrea haben sich der Associated Press zufolge zum ersten Mal seit fast 20 Jahren getroffen und damit das Ende eines der am längsten dauernden Konflikte Afrikas in weitere Nähe gerückt. "The visit comes a month after [Ethiopia’s reformist new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed] surprised people by fully accepting a peace deal that ended a two-year border war between the two East African nations that killed tens of thousands. Ethiopia and Eritrea have not had diplomatic ties since the war began in 1998, with Abiy himself fighting in a town that remains contested today, and the countries have skirmished since then. (...) Abiy’s move broke a long stalemate between Afwerki and the long-dominant Tigrayan party in Ethiopia’s ruling coalition. 'Abiy represents the majority of Ethiopians rather than the Tigrayan ethnic group' and is not beholden to it, [Martin Plaut, author of 'Understanding Eritrea' and a senior research fellow with the Institute of Commonwealth Studies at the University of London], said, adding that Afwerki accepted the peace gesture 'since it allowed him to portray it as a triumph over his Tigrayan rivals.' Not everyone has welcomed Ethiopia’s embrace of the peace deal, with some residents in the northern Tigray region bordering Eritrea holding protests."

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