US-Soldaten in Afghanistan




"'It’s a powder keg ready to explode': In Greek village, tensions simmer between refugees and locals"

Justin Higginbottom berichtet über die Spannungen zwischen Einheimischen und Migranten auf der griechischen Insel Lesbos, die als Frontlinie in der europäischen Flüchtlingskrise gelte. "Turkey said on Thursday it would no longer restrain hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers in its territory from reaching Europe despite a deal to do so reached with the EU in 2016. That means islanders are things to rapidly worsen. Thousands of refugees are now on the border of Northern Greece. The crisis poses the toughest test for Greece since a 2015 financial crisis. The situation is worsening as crime escalates. There’s been at least two murders at the camp, and reports of daily fights and stabbings between refugees. Doctors Without Borders said that rape is also common inside the camp, as high as one rape reported a week. (…) It seems the open arms that initially had greeted those coming ashore in Lesvos have finally closed. Thousands of island locals attended a protest for Athens to process or remove the refugees. General strikes have been called. 'It’s a powder keg ready to explode,' regional governor Kostas Moutzouris told local news regarding the situation."

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"Pelosi warns US allies: 'Don’t go near Huawei'"

Nicht nur US-Außenminister Pompeo, auch die demokratische Sprecherin des Repräsentantenhauses Nancy Pelosi hatte für die europäischen Gäste der Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz außenpolitische Empfehlungen parat. "U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Friday warned nations against doing business with Chinese telecom giant Huawei and called on other nations to work with the U.S. as the globe races to develop 5G networks. Her comments come after the Justice Department brought new charges against Huawei, accusing it of racketeering and plotting to steal trade secrets from U.S. companies. (...) 'If you want to build a collective conscience of values and respect for human rights and the rest, don’t go near Huawei and instead, let’s internationalize and build something together that will be about freedom of information,' she added. Pelosi’s hard stance against Huawei represents one of her few areas of agreement with President Donald Trump."

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"Why Syria's small oil reserves have become the linchpin for political control in the region"

Justin Higginbottom erläutert, warum die politische Zukunft Syriens auch von der Frage abhängt, wer die relativ geringen syrischen Erdölvorkommen kontrolliert. "Syria was never a large oil producer compared to its resource-rich neighbors. But somehow the small reserves, barely pumping now after more than eight years of war, have become a linchpin for political control. The Syrian economy has collapsed, and significant outside help is unlikely. The country's GDP has declined by more than 70% since 2010, according to the CIA's World Factbook, and the unemployment rate is around 50%. The government's budget decreased to around $1.162 billion in 2017 compared to $16.4 billion in 2010. The oil could be just enough to prop up the Syrian government — or a competing power. And who controls oil-rich stretches of the Syrian desert could determine who controls large regions of the country. (…) 'Oil or no oil, the Syrian regime will never be able to produce the resources internally [for rebuilding],' said [Eugenio Dacrema, a Middle East research fellow at the Institute for International Political Studies in Italy]. But they can use the revenue, as the SDF does currently and ISIS before them, to support a subsistence state apparatus. The regime must also make sure to repay those that fought on its side to avoid future conflict."

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"Trump wants to make a deal with Exxon or others to tap Syrian oil: 'We should be able to take some'"

US-Präsident Trump will die amerikanische Kontrolle über das syrische Erdöl auch mit Hilfe von US-Unternehmen wie ExxonMobil sichern, berichtet Lauren Hirsch. "'What I intend to do, perhaps, is make a deal with an ExxonMobil or one of our great companies to go in there and do it properly...and spread out the wealth,' he said. President Trump has identified Syria's oil as a U.S. national security priority and has committed to deploying troops to protect the country's reserves even as he pulls troops from Syria's northern regions. U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said this week that the U.S. will send in troops to protect Syrian oil fields from Islamic State militants. (…) 'The oil is so valuable, for many reasons,' Trump said on Sunday. 'It fueled ISIS, number one. Number two, it helps the Kurds – because it's basically been taken away from the Kurds... And, number three, it can help us, because we should be able to take some also.'"

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"Trump administration mulls requiring 5G equipment for domestic use to be manufactured outside of China: WSJ"

Einem Bericht des Wall Street Journal zufolge erwägt die US-Regierung im Konflikt mit dem chinesischen Unternehmen Huawei, in den USA nur 5G-Anlagen zuzulassen, die nicht in China produziert worden sind. Dies würde vor allem die europäischen Unternehmen Nokia und Ericsson treffen, die entsprechende Produktionsanlagen in China betreiben. "The shift could force telecom giants like Nokia and Ericsson to move production outside of China in order to continue providing equipment to the U.S., the world’s largest market for telecom equipment and services, the Journal said. (...) The move to require equipment be made outside of China would come at a time of heightened trade tensions between the two countries. Under the 150-day review of the supply chain called for in Trump’s executive order, the U.S. government will ask telecom companies if they can develop hardware like routers and switches, and software outside of China, the Journal said, citing people familiar with the matter. The Journal said the conversations are in 'early' and 'informal' stages."

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"The EU's 'dirty-money' blacklist now includes Saudi Arabia and some US territories"

Die Europäische Kommission hat bestätigt, dass Saudi-Arabien künftig in eine schwarze Liste von Staaten aufgenommen wird, die aufgrund ihres mangelnden Vorgehens gegen Terrorfinanzierung als Bedrohung angesehen werden. "The European Commission added Saudi Arabia, Panama, Nigeria and other jurisdictions to a blacklist of nations seen as posing a threat because of lax controls on terrorism financing and money laundering, the E.U. executive said on Wednesday. The move is part of a crackdown on money laundering after several scandals at E.U. banks but has been criticized by several E.U. countries including Britain worried about their economic relations with the listed states, notably Saudi Arabia."

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"White House: US sanctions top Turkish officials over detention of American pastor"

US-Präsident Trump hat seine Drohung wahrgemacht und zwei türkische Minister wegen der seit Oktober 2016 andauernden Inhaftierung des amerikanischen Pastors Andrew Brunson mit Sanktionen belegt. Amanda Macias schreibt, dass der Streit auch den Export von F-35-Kampfjets an den NATO-Partner beeinflussen könnte. "Meanwhile, Turkey is also trying to buy Russia's S-400 missile defense system, a move that has spooked U.S. lawmakers and defense officials. 'There is a general concern across the NATO alliance, and certainly within the Department of Defense and now in Congress, that the Turkish purchase of an S-400 would allow the Russians to have a backdoor into very hyperactive radar readings of the alliance's front-line jet for decades,' explained Aaron Stein, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, to CNBC in a previous interview. 'If you kick Turkey out of the F-35 program, you're basically saying that they can't be trusted with this fighter jet and that calls into question the NATO alliance.'"

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"Oil buyers must cut all Iranian crude imports by November, State Dept says"

Die US-Regierung will ab November einen globalen Importstopp von iranischem Erdöl durchsetzen und hierfür auch die Europäer unter verstärkten Druck setzen. "The State Department has conveyed that message to European diplomats in recent talks, the official said. The Trump administration has not yet held talks with China, India or Turkey about their purchases of Iranian crude, but it intends to pressure them to entirely cut their imports under threat of sanctions, the official added. Oil prices spiked following the announcement, which indicates that President Donald Trump will not follow the Obama administration model of allowing countries to gradually phase out Iranian crude exports over many months."

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"Tensions rise at the World Cup as Nike refuses to supply Iranian players with cleats"

Die neuen US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran haben auch das iranische Fußball-Team getroffen: Der Sportausrüster Nike hat sich unmittelbar vor der WM in Russland geweigert, die Mannschaft wie vereinbart mit Stollen zu beliefern. "Nike said this year about 60 percent of the players at the World Cup would be wearing the company's cleats, while competitor Adidas will be outfitting 12 of 32 teams in this year's games. Despite Iran being ranked the top team in the Asian Football Confederation, the team has struggled through the years in gaining sponsorships as a result of international sanctions. Nike does sponsor individual Iranian players who compete in soccer clubs outside of their home nations like Swedish-born Iranian player Saman Ghoddos. It is unclear if he will also be effected by Nike's decision. This move comes right before Iran's first game against Morocco and is being condemned by Iranian interest groups and Iranians."

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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