US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Sydney Morning Herald



"'Valuable signal': German warship to visit Australia before heading to South China Sea"

Der australische Journalist Anthony Galloway schreibt über die Entsendung der Fregatte "Bayern" in den Indopazifik. "Considering the voyage involves just one frigate and it is also making a stop in Shanghai, it is not expected to antagonise Beijing in the same way as recent British and French voyages through the South China Sea. (...) Rory Medcalf, head of the National Security College at the Australian National University, said the German frigate's visit was a 'valuable signal' but the country was still being careful not to antagonise Beijing."

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"If the US went to war with China, who would win? It depends how it starts"

Welches Land wäre bei einem offenen Konflikt zwischen China und den USA militärisch überlegen? Eryk Bagshaw und Chris Zappone gehen der Frage nach: "China's focus on its region would give it a local advantage in any clash with the US. Oriana Skylar Mastro of Stanford University has testified that 'China dedicates all its resources to planning and preparing for a contingency in east Asia, while the US has additional responsibilities in the Middle East, Europe and worldwide'. If a conflict were to erupt in east Asia, 'then the Chinese military is closer to on par with the United States'."

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"'I'm not afraid': A year from start of the pandemic, markets are bustling in Wuhan"

Ein Jahr nach dem Auftauchen des Coronavirus in China seien die Wildtiermärkte in Wuhan fast so lebendig wie früher, berichtet Cate Cadell. "Few hints remain of Wuhan's early role in the coronavirus pandemic, which has since infected more than 67 million people globally, killing about 1.5 million people. (…) At the gates of residential compounds, staff in blue tents monitor residents' smartphone health codes. In a public park, slogans on red propaganda banners urge people to remain vigilant. Wearing face masks is not mandatory, but most people do so in public. And while shoppers have returned to Wuhan's streets, Li and others say business is yet to return fully to normal. 'The whole situation is not great, it's still a lot worse compared to the last few years,' Li said, referring to a slump in sales during the time after lockdown when people were too afraid to return to the streets. Still, for many residents, lockdown memories have been superseded by the city's swift reopening - alongside new precautions."

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"US moves to soothe Turkey, endangering ties with Kurdish allies"

Im Konflikt zwischen der Türkei und den Kurden in Syrien will sich die US-Regierung Karen DeYoung zufolge dafür einsetzen, dass sich die Kurden aus der 2016 vom IS eroberten Stadt Manbij wieder an das Ostufer des Euphrat zurückziehen. "The town, about 40 kilometres from Turkey's border, has come to symbolise the fevered competition for territory and influence in northern Syria among the United States, Turkey, and other regional powers. The American pledge, if carried out, would satisfy a long-standing demand by the Turkish government and fulfil a promise first made by the Obama administration to keep the Kurdish forces east of the Euphrates. The Kurds helped to take Manbij from the Islamic State in 2016 and have been there since."

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"US Kaspersky ban shows governments still don't get cybersecurity"

Der offizielle Boykott der Kaspersky-Sicherheitssoftware durch US-Behörden ist nach Ansicht von Nicholas Stuart eine Symbolhandlung ohne echte Belege für ein Fehlverhalten des russischen Unternehmens. Die Analyse der aktuellen Probleme der Cybersicherheit werde dadurch eher erschwert, da die US-Regierung einen echten Cyberangriff mit den Interaktionen von Nutzern sozialer Medien auf eine Stufe stelle. "What happened in the US election is very different. The fault had nothing to do with Kaspersky's software and everything to do with the loose, freewheeling and ultimately hollow nature of so-called 'social' media. (...) Kaspersky has some good ideas about how to tackle this problem. He suggests creating different zones for the internet, depending on the level of security (and accuracy) required. Red would cover financial transactions, grey in the middle, and green for everything else. At least then we'd have some idea if stories have any factual content whatsoever, which may be a good start."

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"North Korea: a terrifying glimpse into what war with Kim Jong-un's military would look like"

Einige Experten bezweifeln David Wroe zufolge, das eine militärische Intervention gegen das nordkoreanische Raketenprogramm nach einigen gezielten Militärschlägen vorbei wäre. Einer Schätzung zufolge könnten in den ersten drei Stunden des Krieges bis zu 64.000 Menschen sterben. "(...) the regime is paranoid, experts agree. 'An autocratic dictatorship like that is not socialised to trust or believe any kind of reassurances,' said Daniel Pinkston, formerly with the International Crisis Group in Seoul and now at Troy University. 'They're not going to believe we're committed to a limited operation … They're as likely to see it as the first stage of regime change and respond accordingly. We'd need to be prepared to use more force in return so I don't see how you can credibly commit to a limited strike.'" (...) the US might despite all its rhetoric just have to live with a nuclear Korea. 'The Pentagon's been thinking about this for years,' Kelly said, in explaining why the US should abandon talk of military action. 'There are people way smarter than me who've thought all of this through to 50 steps. They know it all ends badly.'"

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"North Korean missiles can strike Australia and we can't stop them"

Nicht nur die USA, auch Australien fühlt sich durch die neuen Interkontinentalraketen Nordkoreas bedroht. Peter Hartcher schreibt, dass Australien bisher nichts gegen einen nordkoreanischen Angriff unternehmen könnte. "This will come as a surprise to many Australians who trust their government to protect them and trust that the $34.6 billion in the annual defence budget will cover it. But Kim Jong-un's new capability did come a lot sooner than expected. A year ago, the US government said its best guess, based on CIA assessments, was that the North Koreans were about four years away from an intercontinental ballistic missile. This week we watched it streak across the sky on TV, three years early. (...) North Korea just wasn't a threat. Australia has enjoyed the protection of its geography. The distance from Pyongyang to Darwin is 5800 kilometres. North Korea has just broken through that defence. 'There's been no serious thinking about ballistic missile defence, ever, and there will be now,' [a former defence official, now head of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Peter Jennings,] said. 'It'll be a scramble to catch up.'"

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"Russia isn't the bad guy you've been led to believe it is"

Tom Switzer kann in seinem Kommentar für den australischen Sydney Morning Herald nicht verstehen, warum Russland und insbesondere Präsident Putin im Westen mit einem "endlosen Sperrfeuer alarmistischer Rhetorik" als Bedrohung charakterisiert werden. Es gebe genug an Russland zu kritisieren, allerdings trete das Land international keineswegs exzentrisch oder gar pathologisch auf. "What about the charges of Moscow's interference in America's presidential election? They have certainly strengthened the demand to treat Russia as the enemy. But outrage should be tempered by the recognition that if such interference justifies condemnation, then many nations have grounds for condemning Washington. (...) It's time we asked why we in the West can't work with the Kremlin when interests overlap, as they do in defeating Islamic jihadists and keeping in check a rising China. Once we do that – and start treating Russia like the great power it still is – we may find it easy to strike a deal that can satisfy all sides."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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