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Amnesty International


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"Syria: UN must not cut vital aid lifeline to north-west amid Russian and Syrian war crimes"


Amnesty International wirft der syrischen Regierung und Russland vor, bei der Bekämpfung der Rebellen gezielt Krankenhäuser und andere zivile Gebäude angegriffen und damit Kriegsverbrechen begangen zu haben. "A new Amnesty International report, 'Nowhere is safe for us': Unlawful attacks and mass displacement in north-west Syria, details 18 cases – the majority in January and February 2020 – where Syrian and/or Russian government forces targeted medical facilities and schools in Idlib, western Aleppo and north-western Hama governorates. As a result, before the 5 March ceasefire almost 1 million people in Idlib – many of whom had been displaced repeatedly – were forced to flee again and languished in dire conditions in recent months. (…) Amnesty International interviewed 74 people for the report, including internally displaced people, teachers, doctors and humanitarian workers. Witness accounts were corroborated by videos and photographs as well as expert analysis of satellite imagery, reports by flight spotters on the ground and intercepted Russian and Syrian air force flight communications."

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"US/UK: Drop charges and halt extradition of Julian Assange"


Amnesty International hat eine neue Kampagne zur Aufhebung der Anklage und für einen Stopp des Auslieferungsverfahrens gegen WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange gestartet. "According to an analysis by the organisation, the charges against Julian Assange stem directly from the publication of disclosed documents as part of his work with Wikileaks. This activity, in and of itself, should not be punishable and mirrors conduct that investigative journalists undertake regularly in their professional capacity. 'All charges underpinning the US extradition request should be dropped to allow for Julian Assange’s prompt release. If the charges against him are not dropped, the UK authorities are under a clear and unequivocal obligation not to send him to the USA where he could suffer serious human rights violations,' said Massimo Moratti. 'Julian Assange could face detention conditions in the USA that amount to torture and other ill-treatment, including prolonged solitary confinement. The risk of an unfair trial is very real given the targeted public campaign against him undertaken by US officials at the highest levels, which has severely undermined his right to be presumed innocent.'"

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"Syria: Damning evidence of war crimes and other violations by Turkish forces and their allies"


Amnesty International wirft der Türkei und ihren Verbündeten in Nordsyrien Kriegsverbrechen und andere Menschenrechtsverletzungen vor. "Turkish military forces and a coalition of Turkey-backed Syrian armed groups have displayed a shameful disregard for civilian life, carrying out serious violations and war crimes, including summary killings and unlawful attacks that have killed and injured civilians, during the offensive into northeast Syria, said Amnesty International today. The organization gathered witness testimony between 12 and 16 October from 17 people including medical and rescue workers, displaced civilians, journalists, local and international humanitarian workers, as well as analyzing and verifying video footage and reviewing medical reports and other documentation."

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"Myanmar: Military commits war crimes in latest operation in Rakhine State"


Amnesty International wirft dem Militär Myanmars in einem neuen Bericht erneute "Kriegsverbrechen" gegen die muslimische Rohingya-Minderheit vor. "Following a recent investigation in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, Amnesty International has gathered new evidence that the Myanmar military is committing war crimes and other human rights violations. The military operation is ongoing, raising the prospect of additional crimes being committed. The new report, 'No one can protect us': War crimes and abuses in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, details how the Myanmar military, also known as the Tatmadaw, have killed and injured civilians in indiscriminate attacks since January 2019. The Tatmadaw forces have also carried out extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests, torture and other ill-treatment, and enforced disappearances."

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"War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality"


Amnesty International hat die Ergebnisse des neuen Berichts "War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality" auf dieser interaktiven Website mit Bildern und Videos aufgearbeitet. "Between June and October 2017, the US-led Coalition, including the UK, France and others, launched thousands of air and artillery strikes in support of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a local Kurdish-led militia fighting the IS on the ground. By then, the IS had ruled Raqqa for almost four years. It had perpetrated war crimes and crimes against humanity, torturing or killing anyone who dared oppose it. In its battle against IS, the US-led Coalition claims to have taken all necessary measures to spare civilians. However, that rhetoric is a far cry from reality. Amnesty International carried out extensive investigations on the ground in Raqqa and partnered with Airwars on remote analysis to uncover the military campaign's impact on civilians. Here we explore the evidence and the stories of many of the families who lived and died during the war in Raqqa."

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"Death penalty in 2018: Facts and figures"


Die Zahl der staatlichen Hinrichtungen ist im vergangenen Jahr im Vergleich zu 2017 weltweit um fast ein Drittel gesunken, berichtet Amnesty International. "This figure represents the lowest number of executions that Amnesty International has recorded in the past decade. Most executions took place in China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Viet Nam and Iraq – in that order. China remained the world’s leading executioner – but the true extent of the use of the death penalty in China is unknown as this data is classified as a state secret; the global figure of at least 690 excludes the thousands of executions believed to have been carried out in China."

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"Saudi Arabia: Reports of torture and sexual harassment of detained activists"


Amnesty International wirft der Regierung Saudi-Arabiens die Folter und sexuelle Misshandlung inhaftierter Aktivisten vor. "According to three separate testimonies obtained by the organization, the activists were repeatedly tortured by electrocution and flogging, leaving some unable to walk or stand properly. In one reported instance, one of the activists was made to hang from the ceiling, and according to another testimony, one of the detained women was reportedly subjected to sexual harassment, by interrogators wearing face masks. (...) 'Only a few weeks after the ruthless killing of Jamal Khashoggi, these shocking reports of torture, sexual harassment and other forms of ill-treatment, if verified, expose further outrageous human rights violations by the Saudi authorities' said Lynn Maalouf, Amnesty International’s Middle East research director. 'Saudi authorities are directly responsible for the wellbeing of these women and men in detention. Not only have they been deprived them of their liberty for months now, simply for peacefully expressing their views, they are also subjecting them to horrendous physical suffering'."

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"Iraq: Women and children with perceived ties to IS denied aid, sexually exploited and trapped in camps"


Amnesty International macht in einem neuen Bericht darauf aufmerksam, dass irakische Frauen und Kinder, denen Verbindungen zum "Islamischen Staat" vorgeworfen werden, ohne Gerichtsverfahren in Lagern festgehalten und dort oft sexuell misshandelt werden. "Iraqi women and children with perceived ties to the armed group calling itself the Islamic State (IS) are being denied humanitarian aid and prevented from returning to their homes, with an alarming number of women subjected to sexual violence, Amnesty International said in a new report published today. 'The Condemned: Women and Children Isolated, Trapped and Exploited in Iraq' reveals widespread discrimination against women living in camps for internally displaced people (IDPs) by security forces, members of camp administrations and local authorities, who believe these women are affiliated to IS."

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"CAR: Civilians facing atrocities in Basse-Kotto as UN protection proves ineffective"


In der Zentralafrikanischen Republik gehe die muslimische Gruppe Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC) mit systematischen Vergewaltigungen und Hinrichtungen gegen christliche Zivilisten vor, berichtet Amnesty International. Blauhelmsoldaten der MINUSCA-Mission seien nicht in der Lage, die Gewaltkampagne zu stoppen. "Consisting of 12,870 uniformed personnel in the country, including 10,750 military personnel, the force is stretched thin in many areas. (...) 'Although MINUSCA troops have saved many lives in the Central African Republic, their failures risk destroying public confidence in the peacekeeping mission and are putting thousands of people in danger,' said [Joanne Mariner, Senior Crisis Response Adviser at Amnesty International]. 'Many Central Africans are now expressing increasing cynicism about MINUSCA’s willingness and ability to restore order, and about the mission’s capacity to conform to even a limited civilian protection mandate.'"

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"Lake Chad region: Boko Haram’s renewed campaign sparks sharp rise in civilian deaths"


Einer neuen Gewaltkampagne der radikalislamischen Terrorgruppe Boko Haram in Nigeria und Kamerun sind Amnesty International zufolge seit April mindestens 381 Menschen zum Opfer gefallen. "According to data collected by the organization, a sharp rise in civilian deaths in the Far North region of Cameroon and the Nigerian states of Borno and Adamawa has been driven by the armed group’s increased use of suicide bombers – often using women and girls who are forced to carry explosives into crowded areas. 'Boko Haram is once again committing war crimes on a huge scale, exemplified by the depravity of forcing young girls to carry explosives with the sole intention of killing as many people as they possibly can,' said Alioune Tine, Amnesty International’s Director for West and Central Africa."

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"Syria: Secret campaign of mass hangings and extermination at Saydnaya Prison"


Amnesty International wirft der syrischen Regierung in einem neuen Bericht vor, zwischen 2011 und 2015 im Saydnaya-Gefängnis bis zu 13.000 angebliche Oppositionelle in Schnellverfahren zum Tode verurteilt und hingerichtet zu haben. "'Human slaughterhouse: Mass hangings and extermination at Saydnaya prison, Syria' also shows that the government is deliberately inflicting inhuman conditions on detainees at Saydnaya Prison through repeated torture and the systematic deprivation of food, water, medicine and medical care. The report documents how these extermination policies have killed massive numbers of detainees. These practices, which amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, are authorized at the highest levels of the Syrian government."

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"Dangerously disproportionate - The ever-expanding security state in Europe"


Amnesty International hat die in den letzten Jahren beschlossenen Sicherheitsgesetze von 14 EU-Staaten untersucht und präsentiert die Ergebnisse in einem umfangreichen interaktiven Beitrag. Das Fazit des Berichts beinhaltet eine deutliche Warnung: Der nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg geschaffene Rahmen der Freiheitsrechte in Europa sei dabei, zügig demontiert zu werden. "Amid a series of attacks in Europe in the last two years, governments have rejected the view that they should provide security so people can enjoy their rights, and adopted the view that they must restrict rights to provide security. Many countries have made it easier to invoke and extend states of emergency and other emergency measures; what should be exceptional and temporary powers have increasingly become permanently embedded in ordinary criminal law."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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