US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Brookings Institution



"The world won't wait for Germany's coalition negotiators"

Innenpolitische Spannungen werden die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik der nächsten Bundesregierung vermutlich beeinflussen, prognostiziert Constanze Stelzenmüller. "Gone are the budget surpluses of a few years ago. Instead, Germany's first three-way coalition since the 1950s would face rising consumer prices, shortages of affordable housing, global supply disruptions and a looming European energy crisis. The pandemic persists; its long-term economic and social effects have yet to play out. (…) As in other Western nations, these domestic tensions are likely to act as constraints on the foreign and security policy of the country's next government. The problem is that neither Germany nor its allies can afford that. From January, it will be Germany's turn to chair the G-7 club of leading industrial democracies as it grapples with a frayed international order."

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"Hacked drones and busted logistics are the cyber future of warfare"

Jeder Krieg des 21. Jahrhunderts werde Cyber-Operationen beinhalten, prognostizieren Bruce Schneier und Tarah Wheeler. "The war of the future will not only be about explosions, but will also be about disabling the systems that make armies run. (…) So, how do we prepare for this next war? First, militaries need to introduce a little anarchy into their planning. Let's have wargames where essential systems malfunction or are subverted - not all of the time, but randomly. (…) Second, it's time to take cybersecurity seriously in military procurement, from weapons systems to logistics and communications contracts."

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"How hateful rhetoric connects to real-world violence"

Daniel Byman beleuchtet den Zusammenhang zwischen hassgeladener Rhetorik von Politikerinnen und Politikern und politischer Gewalt: "An academic study found that rhetoric did not change attitudes but rather emboldened individuals to express, and act on, pre-existing views they had once hidden. (…) (V)iolent rhetoric increases support for political violence among those surveyed. Such rhetoric also makes political violence against the target community seem more legitimate. (…) Another study found the politicians' hate speech increases political polarization and that this, in turn, makes domestic terrorism more likely. (…) There is a deceptively simple answer to the problem of incendiary rhetoric: Politicians should exercise restraint themselves and condemn their fellow leaders when they cross the line that separates inspiring their followers from encouraging violence."

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"The US military must plan for encounters with private military companies"

In den vergangenen zehn Jahren habe Russland weltweit vermehrt private Militärunternehmen (PMC) eingesetzt, konstatieren Rodrick McHaty und Joe Moye. Grund hierfür sei: "PMC 'proxy' forces allow the Russian government and affiliated Russian oligarchs to expand their influence and financial gain in developing countries while avoiding attribution through continuous use of disinformation, deception, and propaganda. In other words, PMCs allow the Russian government to operate in places where it could not openly do so - at least not without drawing international retribution or sanctions."

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"EU support for Russian democracy is inadequate"

Ausgehend von der Debatte um den Besuch des EU-Außenbeauftragten Joseph Borell in Moskau findet Constanze Stelzenmüller: Das aggressive außen- und innenpolitische Verhalten der russischen Führung seit der Annexion der Krim 2014 erfordere eine umfassendere und strategischere europäische Antwort. "It is time to shift the focus of Europe's Russia policy: away from diplomats and pipelines, to principles and people. (…) Europeans should make it clear that what they are offering is solidarity with the desire of Russians for decent governance - on their terms, not ours."

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"The US-Mexico security relationship in 2021"

Die Sicherheitsbeziehung zwischen den USA und Mexiko hätte sich in der Vergangenheit stetig verschlechtert, argumentiert Vanda Felbab-Brown und gibt der US-Regierung die Empfehlung: "The Mexican government hopes that the Biden administration, like its predecessor, will focus on migration and post-coronavirus (Covid-19) economic recovery, and will ignore how the Mexican government gutted the important security cooperation. But the Biden administration should not do that. (…) (T)he United States should keep at the ready two powerful tools: designating Mexican drug trafficking groups as terrorist organizations and decertifying Mexico for failing to collaborate with U.S. counternarcotics efforts."

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"Terrorism in Pakistan has declined, but the underlying roots of extremism remain"

Die Zahl terroristischer Anschläge in Pakistan habe in den vergangenen Jahren zwar deutlich abgenommen, erklärt Madiha Afzal. Ein Extremismusproblem habe das Land jedoch noch immer. "The central issue is not one of state capacity, but an unwillingness of the Pakistani state to paint all jihadist groups with the same brush, to recognize the linkages in ideology that connect them all - and to acknowledge how those ideologies find fodder in Pakistan's laws, educational curricula, politics, and indeed the very nature of how Pakistan has defined itself (…). Ultimately, Pakistan must be the one to connect the dots linking all the terrorist groups on its soil and their ideologies, acknowledge how it has contributed to extremism within its borders, and decide on addressing the roots of that extremism."

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"Iraq Index - Tracking variables of reconstruction and security in post-Saddam Hussein Iraq"

Sam Gollob und Michael E. O’Hanlon haben in ihrer Studie für die Brookings Institution Tabellen und Diagramme zur politischen und wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung Iraks zusammengestellt. "The Brookings Iraq Index presents numerical information on a range of security, economic, and political indicators of pertinence to the future of that country as well as the U.S. role within it. The Index was originally created in the early years of the 2000s, after a U.S.-led coalition overthrew Saddam Hussein, and sought to help Iraqis build a state that could avoid dictatorship and extremism going forward. Our goal, then and now, is to present a wide enough array of information to gauge many aspects of the effort, without swamping a reader in so much detail or arcana as to obscure attention to the big-picture policy questions facing the United States and its allies and partners there."

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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