US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Asia Times



"Russia’s foreign policy enters new China-aligned phase"

Russland sei gegenwärtig dabei, seine geopolitische Strategie neu auszurichten, schreibt der frühere indische Diplomat M. K. Bhadrakumar. Hintergrund sei u.a. die Kehrtwende der deutschen Russland-Politik. "Germany’s language toward Russia has dramatically changed. It is no more restrained by any sense of guilt that the blood of 25 million Soviet citizens is on its hands. It is talking as if it is already planning the next military campaign against Moscow. Above all, as happened once before in the 1930s, other Western powers, in their obsession with containing Russia and China, are not only turning a blind eye to the growing militarism in Germany and Japan but are surreptitiously encouraging it. (…) The extent of the bitterness in the Russian mind at this point in time can be put in perspective only with a recap of history devolving upon the unification of Germany in 1990, the hopes that the momentous event had raised in regard of Russo-German relations (which has a troubled history, to say the least) and what subsequently turned out during the three decades thereafter."

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"Germany wades into the Indo-Pacific fray"

Die Bundesregierung hat "Indo-Pazifik-Leitlinien" veröffentlicht, die der Asienpolitik Deutschlands eine neue Richtung geben sollen. Richard Javad Heydarian ist sicher, dass die im Strategiepapier verwendete Sprache China vor den Kopf stoßen wird. "The document makes Germany the second European nation, along with France, to adopt a formal strategy for the region. Though falling short of taking sides in Donald Trump’s new Cold War against China, Germany is now clearly asserting its interests in East Asia with greater openness and vigor, judging by the German language document. The guideline, released on September 2, says Germany seeks to 'promote a European Indo-Pacific strategy' where it makes 'an active contribution to shaping the international order in the Indo-Pacific.' In a thinly-veiled criticism of China’s coercive diplomacy in the region, Germany’s policy emphasizes the importance of 'avoid[ing] unilateral dependencies by diversifying partnerships.' (…) China apparently senses the shifting currents. 'Changes are emerging on the horizon and China-Europe relations may never be the same,' wrote a Chinese expert for the hawkish state-backed Global Times newspaper.  He emphasized in the article how Germany 'may hope to see some of its investments and businesses moved from China to India, or some Southeast Asian country.'"

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"Why East beat West on Covid-19"

Andrew Salmon analysiert in der Asia Times, warum ostasiatische Länder im Vergleich zum Westen zumindest auf dem ersten Blick erfolgreicher auf die Corona-Pandemie reagiert hätten. Experten machen demnach mehrere Faktoren verantwortlich und warnen zugleich vor "einfachen Antworten". "One temptingly simple answer would be that the more authoritarian a nation, the more effective pandemic response has been. This would explain Vietnam and China’s low per-million death rates, though questions linger about the accuracy of both nations’ data. Democratic Japan, South Korea and Taiwan only partly contradict the authoritarian argument, for as noted in Part One, their populations may be more culturally conditioned than Western nationals to follow rules from above and to prioritize society before individual. But experts rightly warn against such glib interpretations, given that the East-West disparity combines a bewildering multiplicity of facets. 'It’s a mystery,' said Shibuya. 'The simple answer is, 'It’s complex',' added Gurel. Experts also advise against assigning any single factor or jumping to hasty conclusions. 'It’s the whole package,' said Strickland. 'It will take us years to figure this out. If I were young and in mid-career, I would be drooling over this.'"

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"Did the US just concede defeat in China tech war?"

Kurz vor der britischen Entscheidung, Huawei nun doch unter Auflagen am 5G-Ausbau in Großbritannien zu beteiligen, hat das US-Handelsministerium entgegen vieler Erwartungen darauf verzichtet, den Einkauf amerikanischer Güter durch das chinesische IT-Unternehmen empfindlich einzuschränken. Auch die zuvor diskutierten Strafmaßnahmen gegen Großbritannien seien offenbar kein Thema mehr. David P. Goldman betrachtet dies als Eingeständnis einer Niederlage im Tech-Krieg der USA gegen China. "This appears to be an admission of defeat in the US-Chinese tech war, which in the long term is far more important than the trade war. China seeks to dominate what it calls the Fourth Industrial Revolution centered on 5G and artificial intelligence. China is investing massively in its 'Made in China 2025' plan to leapfrog the West in high technology, while US support for basic R&D is barely half of its Reagan-era level in proportion to GDP. (…) A senior Huawei official told me that although the US restrictions are making life difficult for the company, China was moving rapidly towards self-sufficiency in the most advanced computer chips. That would do more than cut off US sales to China: It would enable China to undercut American companies in the global ship market. US chipmakers depend overwhelmingly on Asian sales."

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"US ban won’t derail Huawei’s European 5G rollout"

Die Beteiligung Huawei’s am Aufbau des europäischen 5G-Netzes wird von der Boykott-Strategie der US-Regierung nach Erwartung hochrangiger europäischer Regierungsmitarbeiter kaum berührt werden, berichtet David P. Goldman. "Europe doesn’t really have a choice in the matter, the officials emphasized in background briefings, because the United States doesn’t offer a competing product, and Huawei’s competitors – Ericsson and Nokia – don’t have the capacity or the knowledge to replace the Chinese giant. The two Scandinavian firms don’t offer serious competition to Huawei, but rather work in close cooperation with the much larger Chinese firm. Huawei’s research and development budget is roughly double that of Ericsson and Nokia combined, according to public sources. So intertwined were the activities of Huawei, Ericsson and Nokia in European telecom infrastructure that it is impossible to ban the sale of parts to one of them without affecting the others, an official explained. The official, who oversees telecom policy for one of the Group of 10 economies, doubted that Washington’s action would have much impact."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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