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"Joe Biden Should Talk To Cuba Again"

Nach Ansicht von Jack Erickson sollte Joe Biden die Sanktionspolitik Donald Trumps gegenüber Kuba wieder aufgeben und den Dialog mit Havanna suchen. "Given the economic, humanitarian, and national security implications, there is a strong case for a U.S.-Cuban rapprochement. With the Biden administration, America has the opportunity to reverse the damage inflicted by the Trump administration, normalize ties with Havana, and establish a renewed presence on the island. The nearly six-decade trade embargo, along with more recent targeted sanctions, has failed to advance the cause of representative democracy in Cuba. Furthermore, if the goal of the embargo and sanctions regime is to change elite behavior, then not only have they not worked, they’ve only served to deprive the very people they are ostensibly supposed to help. America’s economic measures have constrained the nation’s development and devastated ordinary Cubans, while the ruling communist elite lives comfortably by extracting whatever surplus value the island’s inhabitants produce."

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"The Blob Is Addicted To Overseas Interventions"

Doug Bandow vom Cato Institute schreibt, dass das außenpolitische Establishment in Washington (der sogenannte "Blob") die US-Außenpolitik in einer Art und Weise dominiere, die es fast uninteressant erscheinen lasse, welche Partei denn nun regiere. "Without question the Blob dominates U.S. foreign policy. And intervention dominates the foreign policy promoted by the Blob. That doesn’t mean there is no opposition and that no dissident voices are heard. However, there has been an extraordinary consistency in the post-Cold War foreign policies — Bush I, Clinton, Bush II, Obama, and even Trump — which almost certainly will continue through the incoming Biden administration. Nor is there any presidential candidate on the horizon for 2024 who seems likely to diverge in any serious way from the ongoing establishment consensus. Nothing is likely to change. Until then, Americans and foreigners will continue paying a high price in lives and money as the Blob simply moves on to its next disastrous war, certain that even grotesque failure will not threaten its policy-making primacy."

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"Don’t Let The Riots Legitimize Facial Recognition Tech"

Die Empörung über die Erstürmung des US-Kapitols dürfe nicht als Rechtfertigung der Einführung neuer Überwachungsmaßnahmen missbraucht werden, fordert Rachel Chiu. "In a positive deviation from the norm, Americans are coming together to denounce political violence, calling for the swift arrests of the perpetrators. What’s troubling, however, is law enforcement’s use of the same invasive technologies that, just a few months ago, caused a wave of backlash and prompted big tech to terminate government contracts. While Americans rally around this national manhunt, they should keep a watchful eye on their Fourth Amendment rights. Sure, the rioters assaulted police officers in the name of a president who championed 'law and order,' — their hypocrisy is astounding. But greater dangers lie ahead if we all follow suit and pursue accountability with an 'ends justifies the means' mindset."

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"Trump Proves His Weakness By Not Pardoning Julian Assange"

Jack Hunter hält es für unverzeihlich, dass Donald Trump zum Ende seiner Amtszeit auf die Begnadigung von Julian Assange verzichtet und sich damit dem Druck der Machtelite in Washington gebeugt habe. "(…) after four years of complaining about the U.S. intelligence community targeting him, spying on his campaign, concocting conspiracy theories about his alleged collaboration with Russia, and generally doing anything it could to undermine his administration, President Donald Trump had the opportunity to strike the greatest blow possible against the deep state. This was his opportunity to be the ass-kicking, system-bucking hero he promised so many he would be. And he punked out. For all his macho posturing and braggadocio, Trump backed down. Like a weakling. It was a final, sickening victory of permanent Washington over the man who had once promised to defeat it. Bravery is doing the right thing in the face of adversity. Donald Trump just did what he was told. What a loser."

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"When The National Security Debate Becomes A Culture War"

Der amerikanische Kulturkrieg sei in der US-Sicherheitspolitik angekommen, stellt Kevin Brown besorgt fest. "Post-9/11, the increasing polarization and identity-driven nature of American politics has spilled over into the national security arena. Now neither conservatives nor liberals can agree on where the threats to U.S. security originate. Instead, how Washington views power competition is becoming an extension of the long-running culture war. This national security polarization has been building for several years. During the 2016 election, for example, Trump emphasized China and 'radical Islamic terrorism' when discussing foreign policy problems, while downplaying threats from Russia. In comparison, the 2016 Democratic candidates steered relatively clear of any discussion involving terrorism and the Muslim world. (…) the danger to U.S. foreign policymaking and how both parties view great power competition is evident. Washington increasingly sees threats through a red and blue lens; the broader American culture wars inflamed by hyperpolarization have reached our national security debates. Unlike during the Cold War, when there was a universal understanding of the challenges the U.S. faced, there is far less agreement on what those challenges are today and how to deal with them."

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"The GOP Can’t Afford To Leave Trump’s Voters Behind"

Gabe Kaminsky hofft, dass die US-Republikaner sich von Donald Trump distanzieren werden, ohne die Wähler des US-Präsidenten aufzugeben. "We need to craft a political future that takes the virtues of the Trump Moment and disposes of the obvious vices. Trump had excellent policies, but his rhetoric and compulsive fabrication of information on Twitter is not for me. Maybe it is for others who do not wish to investigate and verify facts. So be it. Preparing for the future of this country also means moving forward with legislation on election security. If Republicans are serious about Trump’s allegations, then they ought to make a strong effort in the future to limit mail-in voting, ensure only same-day voting, ensure states have to count votes and let poll watchers inside. It’s time to get down to business with strategizing about this country, not complaining about the past we cannot recreate. Sure, Trump eventually told the lunatics to stand down; but when he finally did, he managed to also focus on the claim that we must 'stop the steal' — the precise reason they were rioting in the first place. News flash: if a sectarian wing of a party is continuously told that an election was rigged by their commander-in-chief, isn’t the next practical step in their eyes to attempt a coup?"

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"Voter Fraud Happened, But This Fight Is Over"

Steve Levy vom Beratungsunternehmen Common Sense Strategies besteht dagegen darauf, dass es Hinweise auf Betrug bei den US-Wahlen im November gebe. Die Entscheidung der US-Gerichte in diesen Fragen müsse allerdings akzeptiert werden. "Despite the fact that the courts failed us in this instance, we must accept their decisions. Many Democrats were furious over the Supreme Court in 2000 stopping the recount of Florida‘s election, thereby certifying George Bush as the winner. But the decision, regardless of how controversial, was ultimately accepted by the American public. As furious as I am at the unwillingness of courts to do their job and strike down illegalities, we have to agree that they are the final arbiters. Members of Congress should not be overturning the votes of individual states at the electoral college because they are frustrated over the terrible decisions made by the judiciary. Such extreme action would set our future elections into even further turmoil."

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"Julian Assange Gets A Bit Of Breathing Room"

Das Londoner Urteil habe Julian Assange lediglich eine Atempause verschafft, schreibt Kelley Beaucar Vlahos. Die Richterin habe die Auslieferung wegen des mentalen Zustandes des WikiLeaks-Gründers und wegen der zu erwartenden Haftbedingungen in den USA verweigert, die Vorwürfe gegen ihn aber weitgehend akzeptiert. "According to her extensive ruling, which was over 200 pages long with an annex, Baraitser not only claims the U.S. brought its case against Assange in 'good faith,' but she disagreed the indictment was politically motivated. (…) by far the most damning are her statements about the 18 counts in the indictment against Assange, in particular the charges that he conspired with Chelsea Manning to break into government networks to download hundreds of thousands of classified cables, reports and other documents. Baraitser contends, based on the prosecution’s arguments, that Assange’s activities went 'well beyond' that of a whistleblower and journalist, and agreed they were 'unlawful' in nature. (…) Washington may lose an appeal, but it would only mean he would have to stay in England forever. He won’t be safe from similar extradition attempts in other countries (though Mexico is reportedly offering Assange asylum)."

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"Cleaning Up The Leftovers From Biden’s Last Bout Of Leadership"

Peter Van Buren fürchtet, dass Joe Biden unter dem Banner der amerikanischen Führungsrolle neue Kriege entfachen und das Erbe der bisherigen US-Interventionen ignorieren wird. "Let there be no doubt, in foreign policy terms 'leadership' is the bipartisan and benign euphemism for America First nationalism. And that usually means some sort of war. Biden already has his warriors in place from the Obama years: Bloody Susan Rice, Blinken at State, Lloyd Austin as Secretary of Defense. (…) The problem with America’s leadership spurts is that they are often left uncompleted. They are played for U.S. domestic political consumption and leave behind a mess someone else has to clean up when politics shift. Worst of all, no one in America seems to ask those overseas who are about to be freed, liberated, encouraged to revolt, or otherwise enlightened by the arrival of the American Empire if they indeed want any leadership today. So maybe before spewing out any new leadership, Biden could start by cleaning up some of the leadership he and others left behind."

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"Trump Should Pardon Assange, Keep Him From The 'Hands Of The Deep State'"

Mit einer Begnadigung von Julian Assange würde der scheidende US-Präsident Donald Trump dem von ihm gehassten "Tiefen Staat" ein "letztes Geschenk" machen, schreibt Barbara E. Boland. "As one of his last acts as President, Donald Trump could impart one final gift for the Deep State he has spent the last four years railing against: he could pardon Wikileaks founder Julian Assange. That is what Stella Morris, the fiancée of Australian citizen Julian Assange, suggested Wednesday night after a formal request for Assange’s pardon was filed with the White House this week. 'Show mercy' on Assange and pardon him, Morris said, and keep the Wikileaks founder from 'falling into the hands of the Deep State.' 'Essentially once [Assange] gets to the U.S. he will be in the hands of the Deep State,' she told Fox News host Tucker Carlson Wednesday night. 'That’s why I pleaded with the President to show the mercy the Deep State will not show Julian if he is extradited.' (…) There are also rumors that Trump may pardon Edward Snowden, which Greenwald suggested would be a huge victory for Trump against the three-letter agencies — the CIA, FBI and NSA — and their abuses. Sens. Rand Paul and Bernie Sanders, as well as Reps. Matt Gaetz and Tulsi Gabbard, have endorsed a pardon for Snowden. 'The only ones angry would be [former CIA Director John] Brennan, [former Director of National Intelligence James] Clapper, [former FBI Director Jim] Comey and [Obama’s National Security advisor] Susan Rice,' wrote Greenwald."

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"Religious Persecution On The Rise Worldwide"

Einem neuen Bericht des Pew Research Center zufolge haben die staatlichen Einschränkungen religiöser Freiheit weltweit deutlich zugenommen. "Fifty-six nations, more than a quarter of the world’s countries, imposed high or very high restrictions on religious freedom. They were clustered in the Middle East — where nine of ten states strictly limited faithful practice — and the Asia-Pacific, where half of governments did so. The latter is the area of greatest concern: 'Asia and the Pacific had the largest increase in its median government restrictions score, rising from 3.8 in 2017 to 4.4 in 2018, partly because a greater number of governments in the region used force against religious groups, including property damage, detention, displacement, abuse and killings.' The world’s worst oppressor comes from the Asia-Pacific. With North Korea unrated — widely viewed as No.1 persecutor, it is closed to outsiders and thus impossible to accurately evaluate — China takes the dubious prize. Although social hostility toward religion there is moderate, state-directed persecution tops the world."

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"The Long Shadow Of The 1953 Coup"

Daniel Larison stellt die 2019 veröffentlichte Filmdokumentation "Coup 53" vor, deren Autor Taghi Amirani sich mit den Hintergründen des von westlichen Geheimdiensten organisierten Sturzes des iranischen Premierministers Mosaddegh beschäftigt hat. "Taghi Amirani’s excellent documentary, Coup 53, explains how the coup was carried out and details the role of the U.S. and U.K. governments in sponsoring and orchestrating Mossadegh’s overthrow. The film takes the viewer through the background to 1953, and then shows the links between the coup then and the subsequent developments in Iranian history. (…) The U.S. has acknowledged its role in the coup, but even now the U.K. does not officially admit its involvement. One of the interesting contributions of the new documentary is to confirm additional evidence that details the significant British role in the coup. Amirani reconstructs the story of how the coup happened, and provides a new generation with an understanding of the long-term effects of the coup on Iran and Iran’s relations with Western powers."

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"The Blob Is Back And It’s Ready For War"

Doug Bandow fürchtet nach der Vorstellung des sicherheitspolitischen Teams Joe Bidens, dass der kommende Präsident die USA in neue Kriege führen wird. "Be very afraid: Joe Biden plans to set the world right. Expect a return to the past. Not so much to Barack Obama, but to Bill Clinton. Biden says America is back, which likely means as sanctimonious nanny wielding a metaphorical AK-47 to enforce its wishes. The ride will be dramatically different, and potentially much worse, than the experience over the last four years. (…) President Donald Trump was a huge disappointment when it came to foreign policy. (…) Unfortunately, Joe Biden likely will do worse, accepting the braindead status quo without even an occasional rhetorical dissent from interventionist orthodoxy. Will we at least escape another war of choice, as Sullivan suggested? To believe so would reflect the triumph of hope over experience. But that is about the only hope we have."

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"How Globalization Undermined The Case For Western Values"

Kurt Hofer wirft dem Westen vor, in seiner Handelspolitik der Globalisierungs-Ära die eigenen Werte regelmäßig ignoriert zu haben. In der "Post-Covid-Ära" müsse sich dies ändern, so seine Forderung. "The moral contradiction at the heart of our post-1989 globalization frenzy was, and still is, this: countries that hold individual rights, labor rights and even environmental protections in relatively high regard ran an end run around those principles by outsourcing production to countries that possessed none of the former. This last hail-mary pass back to the halcyon days of capitalism bypassed a century of struggle to harmonize the interests of capital and labor. The resulting moral degradation was twofold: workers in the Western world saw how expendable they were; the developing world laborers who replaced them saw the glaring hypocrisy of nations who extolled democratic rights domestically but, in offshoring, fed off of labor and environmental exploitation and an appalling track record on democracy to feed their consumer appetites. (…) Going forward, Globalization 2.0 should be values based. (…) The West’s leverage as consumers must be enlisted into the forging of a new globalized monoculture in which the SAME standards — labor standards, environmental standards, even political standards — which hold true in the democratic world are required of the nations with which the West does trade."

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"Declassify America’s Dirty Secrets In Syria To Stop A Biden War"

Jim Bovard fürchtet, dass Joe Biden die USA erneut in einen Krieg in Syrien verwickeln könnte. Donald Trump sollte seiner Ansicht nach ausgewählte Dokumente über "schmutzige Details" des Bürgerkriegs veröffentlichen, um Aktivisten die Möglichkeit zu geben, die amerikanische Öffentlichkeit aufzuklären. "The Biden campaign promised to 'increase pressure' on Syrian president Bashar al-Assad – presumably by providing more arms and money to his violent opponents. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris declared that the U.S. government 'will once again stand with civil society and pro-democracy partners in Syria and help advance a political settlement where the Syrian people have a voice.' (…) Revealing the strings that foreign governments pulled to propel or perpetuate U.S. intervention could vaccinate Americans against similar ploys in the future. The Israeli government admitted last year (after years of denials) that it had long provided military aid to radical Muslim Syrian groups fighting Assad. With the Obama administration’s approval, the Saudis poured massive amounts of arms and money into the hands of terrorist groups fighting the Assad regime. Both the Israeli and Saudi military aid made the Syrian assignment more perilous for American troops. Other governments helped sow chaos and carnage in Syria while the Obama administration pretended that the main or sole problem was Assad."

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"A Biden Foreign Policy: Restraint By Circumstance, Not Design"

Brandon Valeriano und Eric Gomez glauben, dass die neue US-Regierung aufgrund innenpolitischer Krisen gegen ihren eigenen Willen gezwungen sein könnte, eine moderate Außenpolitik zu verfolgen. "The domestic, political, and economic environment in the United States will significantly constrain the Biden administration’s ability to adopt ambitious foreign policy goals. The United States can hardly be expected to police the world and respond to every crisis abroad when it is facing social and economic strife at home all the while continuing to confront the pandemic. (…) President-elect Biden is probably not a true believer when it comes to a restraint-oriented foreign policy. Biden’s foreign policy vision sees the United States leading global efforts as a shining example to the world. Yet, the new administration will likely adopt several of the ideas and principles that exhibit restraint. The two broad areas most likely to see restraint-friendly change in U.S. foreign policy are the scope of U.S. goals and the rebuilding of America’s non-military policy tools and institutions."

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"Biden Can Start To Heal America By Embracing Foreign Policy Restraint"

Andrew Bacevich empfiehlt Joe Biden, den von ihm angekündigten amerikanischen "Heilungsprozess" nach Amtsantritt mit einer zurückhaltenden Außenpolitik zu beginnen. "Progress here will require changing course on an issue that went almost entirely unmentioned during the run-up to the election: our nation’s disastrous affinity for war. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, war has become the principal signature of American statecraft. Over the course of three decades of sustained military activism, U.S. troops have suffered terrible losses while winning few conclusive victories. 'Forever wars' in places like Afghanistan and Iraq have added trillions of dollars to the national debt. Responsibility for this record of squandered blood and treasure rests with both parties. (…) if President-elect Biden is serious about bringing the country together, here is one place where he might find common ground with the 70 million who preferred his opponent. Pro-Trumpers will never agree with Biden on abortion, gun ownership, climate change, or 'socialism.' But if a Biden administration restores a measure of prudence to U.S. military policy, they just might respond favorably."

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"Liberalism Loses With Biden"

Das Resultat der Präsidentschaftswahlen in den USA kann nach Ansicht von Daniel McCarthy nicht als eindeutiger Sieg des amerikanischen Liberalismus betrachtet werden. "The 2020 election showed that even in the midst of a recession and a pandemic, even after four years of relentless Russian collusion hype, four years of demonizing the president and his supporters as racists, even after impeachment and with the liabilities as well as the strengths of the president’s personality, the Trump message was capable of mobilizing a record number of voters for the GOP and making gains among blacks, Latinos, and Asians. Under the worst possible conditions, Trump and Trumpism performed well — much better than the pollsters and the pundits predicted. Think of what would have happened if not for COVID and the recession. Donald Trump would not be troubled by protracted vote counts; he would have been re-elected in a landslide."

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"Glenn Greenwald Sparks Snowden Deja-Vu"

Der prominente Journalist Glenn Greenwald hat in einem Podcast daran erinnert, welch prominente Rolle der damalige US-Vizepräsident Joe Biden in der Anti-Snowden-Kampagne der US-Regierung gespielt habe. Biden hat andere Länder demnach persönlich unter Druck gesetzt, um deren Ablehnung der Asylgesuche Snowdens zu erreichen. "Greenwald explained how Biden went out of his way to thwart Snowden at every turn by strong-arming other countries into denying the whistleblower safe haven. 'Then he applied to countries that frequently grant asylum to whistleblowers like Sweden, Finland, even Germany and France, where there were also a lot of revelations and he was looked upon favorably because he was showing those populations how the NSA was spying on them,' Greenwald said. He added, 'And then at the last minute, (Snowden’s) lawyers would get a call from the consulates of those countries and say 'Joe Biden called and said that they’ll start a trade war with us or they’ll withdraw from this treaty or they’ll do this or that if we grant asylum.' 'Sorry, we just can’t,' the countries informed Snowden. (…) The Obama administration waged war on whistleblowers and Joe Biden spearheaded the U.S. government hunt for Edward Snowden. Does anyone — does any civil libertarian — believe a Biden administration would behave any different?"

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"Free Speech In France Is Under Attack By Islamism"

Die Reaktionen auf die jüngsten islamistischen Gewalttaten in Frankreich haben nach Ansicht von Bill Wirtz verdeutlicht, wie sehr sich ein Teil der muslimischen Jugend des Landes von der französischen Gesellschaft entfremdet habe. "According to an IFOP poll from September this year, 66 percent of French Muslims believe that the Charlie Hebdo publishers should be prosecuted under the law, while 18 percent said they would not condemn the attack, which killed 12 people and injured 11 others. For young Muslims, the rate is even higher at 26 percent. Forty percent of French Muslims regard their personal religious views as more important than the rule of the law of France. After years of 'Republican' and secular education, little effect has been seen on the willingness to accept freedom of speech. France has reached the rough realization that Islam and French Republican values cannot be made to fit together, at least not through the methods of the state. Regulating social media, banning the entry of certain people, more surveillance — none have solved the problem, while all have shown that government is nothing but an ineffective bystander in the battle of ideas."

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"Allies Aren’t Friends And Clients Aren’t Allies"

Die US-Außenpolitik habe vergessen, wie man zwischen Alliierten, Freunden und Klientelstaaten unterscheidet, meint Daniel Larison. "Our government forms alliances with other states because there is supposed to be some mutual benefit to our security and theirs, but over time these alliances have hardened into unquestionable idols that have to be supported whether they serve any useful purpose or not. It is commonplace for presidents and presidential candidates to declare that this or that relationship is 'unbreakable,' 'eternal,' or 'sacred,' but by its nature every alliance has to be breakable, temporary, and open to challenge and criticism. Many partnerships are of even more questionable value, but they are frequently described as alliances when they are not and there is tremendous political pressure to treat them as if they deserved U.S. protection. The U.S. needs to reassess which relationships are worth preserving, and it needs to remember the reason why we have these relationships. That will mean reducing some commitments and ending others when they have outlived their usefulness."

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"Will President Biden’s Likely Secretaries Of State End Forever Wars?"

Barbara Boland hat einen Blick auf drei Kandidaten geworfen, die im Fall eines Wahlsiegs Joe Bidens neuer US-Außenminister werden könnten. "(…) what policies are actually pursued, and what are left on the cutting room floor, will likely be determined by whoever is chosen to lead the State Department. That pick will largely determine whether U.S. foreign policy will plunge us back to the days of ill-fated missions against Gaddafi in Libya, the arming of Syrian rebels, and further foreign deployments. Sens. Chris Coons (D-DE.) and Chris Murphy (D-CT) are both actively pursuing a starring role in leading a Biden administration’s national security policy. They’ve both been busy penning opeds and appearing on foreign policy panels and cable news shows. (…) Any list of Secretary of State contenders would not be complete without mention of Susan Rice, Obama’s former national security adviser who was rumored to be under consideration as Biden’s vice president. She’s frequently mentioned as guaranteed a top seat in Biden’s cabinet. On Libya, Syria, and Afghanistan, Rice was at the table for every Obama debacle. Rice’s influence on the Obama administration was strong, and she used it to push for the bombing of Libya and Syria. She also supported aid to so-called free Syrian rebels, as well as an escalation in Afghanistan."

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"Trump’s Arms Control Farce"

Der Verlauf der New-Start-Verhandlungen bestätigt nach Ansicht von Daniel Larison, dass der maximalistische diplomatische Ansatz des US-Präsidenten in der politischen Realität einfach nicht funktioniere. "The administration’s inflexible, hard-line approach to all of its negotiations has always been a recipe for diplomatic failure. It is not surprising that other governments don’t respond well to ultimatums that require them to give up far more than they are being offered in exchange. The fact that the administration keeps issuing these ultimatums after so many rejections shows that they have never been interested in finding an acceptable compromise, but prefer instead to be seen taking a 'tough' position regardless of the consequences for U.S. and allied security. (…) The failure of the Trump administration’s forays into arms control is a lesson in how not to practice diplomacy. The U.S. has to be willing to compromise if it expects other governments to make concessions, and if it wants to demand more from the other party it has to be willing to offer more in return. The administration’s habit of demanding everything while offering little or nothing will never succeed, and when we see an administration that tries to 'negotiate' this way we can conclude that they are operating in bad faith."

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"Europe Gears Up For Another Military Intervention In Libya"

Jason C. Ditz berichtet, dass die EU auch militärische Maßnahmen zur Stabilisierung der Situation in Libyen ins Auge fasst. "Earlier this month, it was confirmed that the European Union is in the process of developing multiple potential military options for intervening in Libya, all intended to stabilize the situation. This is being done with an eye toward getting Libya’s oil industry back to exporting. (…) The European Union doesn’t have much of a track record of using its combined military for 'humanitarian intervention,' but the West in general surely does, and usually people end up worse off than they were before. EU inexperience in alliance-wide missions means they’re starting small. The options being considered are all below the 10,000-troop commitment, which officials agreed was too dangerous. Yet time and again we’ve seen that getting in small is a recipe for getting in bigger at a later date, as the initial troops fail in their ill-defined missions and officials respond by steadily increasing their footprint until it becomes the bigger mission they didn’t want in the first place."

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"Why The West Fuels Conflict In Armenia"

Hans-Joachim Dübel wirft dem Westen vor, den Konflikt in Bergkarabach aufgrund von fragwürdigen geopolitischen Positionen angefacht zu haben. "(…) why does the West, whose governments are dominated by lawyers, not recognize the clear legal position in favor of the Armenian claim over Nagorno-Karabakh and defend a Stalinist injustice? The answer, as almost always when international law is broken without hesitation, is geopolitics: the political situation that arose from the secession of Nagorno-Karabakh is now being used by Washington and London, as well as their followers in Berlin, to keep the conflicts in the Caucasus in general boiling and to attack Moscow through its proxies in Ankara and Baku. The economic issue is oil and gas pipelines north and south of the Greater Caucasus. It is about the great east-west geopolitical axis that runs through Tbilisi and Baku in the middle of Halford Mackinder’s heartland of geopolitics, to Central Asia, and intersects in the Caucasus with the north-south axis between Moscow, Tehran and Baghdad. (…) As things stand now, the best chance for Turkey, and for peace in the entire region, is to keep the West, which seems eternally caught up in geopolitical power games, out of the conflict over Karabakh as much as possible and to find a common solution with Russia based on a reasonable interpretation of international law."

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"The Backlash Against The Liberal World Order"

Die aktuelle Krise der liberalen Weltordnung sei darauf zurückzuführen, dass der globale Liberalismus sich übernommen habe, meint Robert Merry. Er stellt die Vorlesung "Liberalism and Nationalism in Contemporary America" des Politikwissenschaftlers John J. Mearsheimer vor, der die Ursachen dieser Entwicklung eingehend analysiert habe. "The central reality of today’s political landscape, in Mearsheimer’s view, is that the post-Cold War period of 'unbounded liberalism' — stretching roughly from 1990 to 2016 — is about to be supplanted by an ascendant wave of nationalism. This is just a little difficult to credit, given the hegemonic force of liberalism in the firmament of American politics since the end of the Cold War and its hearty embrace by nearly all of the country’s major elite institutions, including the Democratic Party, prestigious universities, influential think tanks, the popular culture, the big banks, big tech, big corporations, and most of big media. But Mearsheimer posits a 'core claim' that, when the balance of power in any polity shifts so heavily toward liberalism that it poses a mortal threat to nationalism, as happened in much of the West after the Cold War, a backlash inevitably ensues. Then, says Mearsheimer, 'nationalism wins almost every time, because it is the most powerful political ideology in the modern world.'"

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"How Azerbaijan Is Lobbying Washington To Sanitize Its War"

In Washington sind Lobbyisten im Auftrag Aserbaidschans Barbara Boland zufolge dabei, US-Politiker davon zu überzeugen, den Konflikt in Bergkarabach aus aserbaidschanischer Sicht zu beurteilen. "(…) Azerbaijan has ramped up its public relations campaign, employing not one but six of K Street’s heavy-hitting firms, including the Livingston Group, Stellar Jay Communications, BGR, the Podesta Group, and DLA Piper. Last year the country spent $1.3 million on lobbying. Armenia traditionally lobbies through American community groups, and has just one firm working for them, Alston and Bird. The contract was signed September 16, so it’s unclear how much money they will spend petitioning Washington this year, but documents reveal they haven’t spent any money lobbying since 2016. Azerbaijan, on the other hand, lobbies in much the same manner as a Gulf State — though with considerably less resources — and has a long history of extensive lobbying efforts. (…) Azerbaijan’s hired K Street guns are distributing what are euphemistically referred to in FARA documents as 'informational materials.' These materials could be more accurately described as propaganda."

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"Paranoia About Trump And Russia Is Dangerous For Our Foreign Policy"

Ted Galen Carpenter fürchtet, dass die "paranoide" antirussische Stimmung in den USA die amerikanische Außenpolitik langfristig prägen könnte. Die McCarthy-Ära der 1950er Jahren zeige, welche negativen Folgen dies haben könnte. "America went through such stifling of debate during the original McCarthy era. The impact lasted a generation and was especially pernicious with respect to policy toward East Asia. Washington locked itself into a set of rigid positions, including trying to orchestrate an international effort to shun and isolate China’s communist government and see every adverse development in the region as the result of machinations by Beijing and Moscow. The result was an increasingly futile, counterproductive China policy until Richard Nixon had the wisdom to chart a new course in the early 1970s. This ossified thinking and lack of debate also produced the disastrous military crusade in Vietnam. America cannot afford such folly again. Smearing those who favor a less confrontational policy toward Moscow as puppets, traitors, and (in the case of accusations against Tulsi Gabbard) 'Russian assets' will not lead to prudent policies. Persisting in such an approach will exacerbate dangerous tensions abroad and undermine needed political debate at home."

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"Armenians Are In Danger Of Ethnic Cleansing Once Again"

Die türkische Journalistin Uzay Bulut macht Aserbaidschan und die Türkei für die jüngste Eskalation des Konflikts in Bergkarabach verantwortlich und warnt vor einer "ethnischen Säuberung" in der umkämpften Region. "Since September 27, Azerbaijan has unleashed an aggressive war against the Armenian people of Nagorno-Karabakh, also known as the Artsakh Republic, in south Caucasus. With the direct support it receives from Turkey, Azerbaijan is indiscriminately bombing residential areas across the region. Through these assaults, Azerbaijan and Turkey are once again endangering the existence of Artsakh and the survival of Armenia. (…) Turkey and Azerbaijan, whose total populations are over 100 million, are once again targeting the Armenian homeland of around 3 million people. They are utilizing modern arms to complete their century-long goal of ethically cleansing Armenians from the region."

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"How America Helped Create The Conflict In The South Caucasus"

Nach Ansicht von Eldar Mamedov sind die USA für den Konflikt in Bergkarabach mitverantwortlich. "The conflict has local drivers, and the primary responsibility for its endurance, without any doubt, lies with local political elites. However, the United States, in the heyday of its post-Cold War unipolar moment, when it felt empowered to engage just about every conflict around the world, made a number of choices that rendered the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict more difficult. When the South Caucasus nations emerged as independent states following the demise of the Soviet Union in 1991, Washington’s policy priorities included their swift integration into the U.S.-led liberal world order, bringing their energy riches to global markets, promoting Turkey as a regional model of a secular and pro-Western state, and excluding post-Soviet Russia, and especially Iran, from the regional integration projects. These choices ignored the historical and cultural realities of the region and failed to take into account their possible impact on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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