US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Forbes


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18.03.2021

"China Developing Hypersonic Swarms To Overwhelm Missile Defenses"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidhambling/2021/03/18/china-developing-hypersonic-swarms-to-overwhelm-mis
sile-defenses/

Chinesische Forscher arbeiteten daran, Hyperschallwaffen – also Systeme, die sich mit mehr als fünffacher Schallgeschwindigkeit fortbewegen können – untereinander zu vernetzen, berichtet David Hambling. "Such swarms would be far more dangerous than the individual missiles that comprise them, multiplying the power of the high-speed weapons. (…) The benefits are a shared situational awareness, for example alerting other swarm members where defenses are located, being able to simultaneously hit targets with multiple weapons coming from different directions, and co-operatively searching for elusive or moving targets. A swarm could comprise several waves, with each one advising the next which targets have already been destroyed or where holes have been made through defenses. Ultimately the swarm will make its own decisions about where to go and how to attack."

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09.03.2021

"Are U.S. Special Forces Quietly Using Armed Robots?"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidhambling/2021/03/09/are-us-special-forces-quietly-using-armed-robots/

Spezialeinheiten des US-amerikanischen Militärs hätten möglicherweise ein Tabu gebrochen, meint David Hambling: Den Gebrauch bewaffneter Roboter im Kampfeinsatz. "It seems Special Forces had an urgent need for an armed robot and bypassed the existing Army projects. An R&D budget document from the Office of the Secretary of Defense reveals that Special Operation Command developed a Lightweight Remote Weapons System (LRWS) (...). So they may be using the remote weapon station on a robot, or they may not."

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20.07.2020

"U.S. Military Recruitment On Twitch May Be Controversial But Isn’t Likely To Stop Anytime Soon"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/masonsands/2020/07/20/military-recruitment-on-twitch/#4595b0167490

Das US-Militär wird gegenwärtig wegen seiner Rekrutierungsmethoden auf der populären Streaming-Plattform "Twitch" kritisiert. "The next esports competition you watch on Twitch might have the logo of the United States Army on the side, denoting the military branch as an official sponsor. The Army also has its own esports team, USArmyEsports, that regularly streams video games like Call of Duty and League of Legends while chatting with viewers about life in the military and providing links to sign up. It is all part of the Army’s over $1 million investment into marketing on the video game-broadcasting platform. With the U.S. Navy and Air Force joining the army in creating esports teams earlier this year, the military has turned towards gaming as a way to connect with potential recruits. (…) Despite the intention behind the initiative, having military personnel become Twitch streamers has already caused problems with Twitch and, potentially, the U.S. government. (…) Civil liberties groups have criticized the military’s Twitch and Discord channels for banning commenters mentioning U.S. war crimes. (…) At the root of both of these issues is the newness of the military to social media marketing and the ethical question of whether the military should be marketing on these platforms, with very young user bases, in the first place."

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20.04.2020

"How Coronavirus Could Permanently Transform The U.S. Military"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/lorenthompson/2020/04/20/what-if-we-never-return-to-normal/#24f2a52a10af

Loren Thompson hält es für möglich, dass die Angst vor neuen Pandemien Gesellschaften weltweit lange nach der Coronakrise prägen könnte. In den USA könnte dies zu langfristigen Veränderungen führen, die auch das Militär beträfen. "We didn’t abolish nuclear weapons, we learned to live with them. Maybe coronavirus will be the same — not because we will be stuck in the same rut forever, but because the prospect of future pandemics will have been indelibly impressed on this generation’s collective imagination. (…) If we don’t develop an effective vaccine, or have reason to believe our enemies might employ novel pathogens in wartime, then some military practices will need to change permanently. This would seem to give greater impetus to the use of unmanned systems in combat, because unit cohesion among troops might be impeded by medical concerns. There are many other adjustments the joint force could need to undertake if coronavirus persists or the specter of biowar is deemed more plausible. Right now everybody is in a wait-and-see mode, hoping that a silver-bullet solution to COVID-19 can be found. But that solution will likely take a long time to arrive, if ever."

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19.02.2020

"U.S. Government Issues Powerful Cyberattack Warning As Gas Pipeline Forced Into Two Day Shut Down"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/kateoflahertyuk/2020/02/19/us-government-issues-powerful-cyberattack-warning
-as-gas-pipeline-forced-into-two-day-shut-down/#666424815a95

Kate O'Flaherty berichtet über die Hintergründe eines Ransomware-Angriffs auf eine Gaspipeline in den USA. "A major cyberattack has hit a gas compression facility, forcing it to shut it down for two days as it struggled to recover, according to an alert from the U.S. government. (…) As nation state actors eye the damage that can be done by an attack on CNI, the risk of a cyber-assault on SCADA based systems continues to grow. Perhaps the most famous attack on a SCADA-based system was Stuxnet, which ravaged a Iranian nuclear facility back in 2010. More recently, attacks have hit Saudi oil companies as cyber warfare rages on. Cyberattacks such as these on industries including oil and gas are increasingly common as adversaries look to disrupt operations. The risk is amplified by the fact that systems were often built many years ago and were never intended to be connected to the internet."

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08.12.2019

"The U.S. Dominates New Oil And Gas Production"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/judeclemente/2019/12/08/the-us-dominates-new-oil-and-gas-production/#63b00da
71cce

Jude Clemente ist sicher, dass die USA auf den internationalen Öl- und Gasmärkten aufgrund ihrer Schiefergas-Vorkommen auch künftig eine führende Rolle spielen werden. Es sei kein Wunder, dass Russland Organisationen fördere, die sich gegen das Fracking einsetzen. "(…) when looking at the individual U.S. state level, the ongoing rise of our shale oil and gas output is staggering. All presidential candidates should think about this: in the 2020s, the state of Ohio alone is expected to add as much oil and gas to global supply as Russia (see Figure below). This is our greatest geopolitical leverage and not-so-secret weapon: shale not only made us the world’s largest oil and gas producer but will make us the largest seller in just a few years. Next year, the U.S. Department of Energy reports that we will become a net exporter of oil on an annual basis for the first time ever. Vladimir Putin knows that U.S. shale production and surging associated exports are throwing a big wrench into his grand strategy of energy domination. Russia’s position as the largest oil and gas exporter rakes in over $300 billion each year. No wonder then that Putin has been funding NGOs whose job is to persuade governments to stop shale development."

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23.07.2019

"In Budget Deal, White House And Congress Overpay For The Pentagon"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/williamhartung/2019/07/23/budget-deal-overpays-for-the-pentagon/#4dec164091c
b

Das Weiße Haus und der Kongress haben sich für die kommenden beiden Jahre auf einen Militärhaushalt von 738 Milliarden bzw. 740 Milliarden US-Dollar geeinigt. William Hartung vom Center for International Policy weist darauf hin, dass dies die höchsten US-Militärausgaben seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs sind. "The proposed figures are higher than spending at the height of the Vietnam and Korean Wars, and substantially more than the high point of the Reagan buildup of the 1980s. And the Fiscal Year 2020 and Fiscal Year 2021 numbers are only slightly less than spending in 2010, when the United States had 180,000 troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, roughly nine times the number currently deployed. One might have thought that Pentagon budget boosters would be satisfied with these massive numbers. But you would be wrong. (...) The new budget deal is indeed a disappointment, but not for the reasons suggested by Senator Inhofe and other advocates of endless increases in the Pentagon budget. The deal allows the Pentagon to spend too much, set the wrong priorities, and put our future security at risk by hyping challenges that are not amenable to traditional military solutions. We need a new debate on America’s defense priorities, and the sooner it begins the better."

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08.02.2019

"Why Did France Just Save Nord Stream 2?"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/davekeating/2019/02/08/why-did-france-just-save-nord-stream-2/#2ffe8f9c6055

Dave Keating hält die Gaspipeline Nord Stream 2 nach dem erreichten Kompromiss zwischen Deutschland und Frankreich (wahrscheinlich) für gerettet. Frankreich sei offenbar nie am Ende des Projekts interessiert gewesen und habe den Disput als Druckmittel für deutsche Zugeständnisse in anderen Fragen nutzen wollen. "According to EU sources, while the compromise might make construction of the pipeline more complicated, it will not prevent its construction. Nord Stream 2 isn't completely out of the woods yet. This position adopted by ministers this morning must now be signed off by the European Parliament. Those negotiations will take place over the coming months. But even if the parliament blocks this compromise, it would just result in the proposal not being adopted - keeping Nord Stream safe. (...) There has been speculation that France never intended to support the commission's proposal, but was using Nord Stream as a bargaining chip in an unrelated dispute with Germany. French President Emmanuel Macron wants Merkel to accept his proposals for reforming the European Union, but Merkel has been resistant to his ideas for a common Eurozone budget and debt system. A more immediate possibility for the trade-off may be in the copyright reform compromise reached between Paris and Berlin on Friday."

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18.06.2018

"Russia's Nord Stream II Pipeline Is Ukraine's Worst Nightmare"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/arielcohen/2018/06/18/russias-nord-stream-ii-pipeline-is-ukraines-worst-nigh
tmare/#5e6e7ddb3524

Ariel Cohen erläutert, warum die geplante Gaspipeline Nord Stream 2 zur Versorgung Europas mit russischem Erdgas in der Ukraine als ernste Bedrohung angesehen wird. Die Ukraine sei ökonomisch auf den Status als Transitland für russisches Gas angewiesen und könne zudem durch das Leitungsnetzwerk geopolitischen Druck auf Moskau ausüben. "The poor state of Ukraine’s energy sector, which is beset by aging infrastructure, overregulation, uncompetitive pricing, and limited diversity of supply, means that Ukraine is economically and strategically reliant on the Russian gas transit, and is buying Russian-sourced gas and coal despite the state of belligerency between Kyiv and Moscow. (...) The vast network of pipelines crisscrossing Ukraine (see map) affords Kyiv some geopolitical leverage in its ongoing conflict with Russia, as Moscow needs the uninterrupted revenue stream provided by gas sales to Europe. (...) For now, the fate of Nord Stream II remains unclear. But political and economic indicators suggest that the project will soon be a reality."

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14.07.2017

"Ukraine In NATO? America Should Reject A Bad Idea That Only Grows Worse With Age"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/dougbandow/2017/07/14/ukraine-in-nato-america-should-reject-a-bad-idea-that-
only-grows-worse-with-age/#7e32c4ba9672

Nach der erneuten Erklärung der ukrainischen Regierung, möglichst bald der NATO beitreten zu wollen, erläutert Doug Bandow, warum die Argumente gegen diesen Schritt immer noch Gewicht hätten. "Ukraine would be a huge security black hole for NATO and especially America. So long as the alliance purports to have even a vague relationship to U.S. security interests, Ukraine has no place in NATO. (...) America simply has no interest at stake worth confronting a nuclear-armed power. Especially when Russia’s security interests are immediate, serious, and obvious. The best way to understand Moscow today is as a pre-1914 great power, concerned about international respect and secure borders. The U.S. and NATO ignored both when expanding the transatlantic alliance up to Russia’s borders, almost in sight of St. Petersburg. Dismantling Moscow’s long-time friend Serbia was another affront. Promising Georgia and Ukraine NATO membership compounded Russia’s anger. Then came the allies’ support in 2014 for a street putsch against the elected Viktor Yanukovych, who leaned toward Moscow. While this litany may not justify Russian policy, it certainly helps explain Putin’s actions. And, truth be told, Washington would not react well if Russia helped oust a pro-American government in Mexico City."

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14.05.2017

"Microsoft Just Took A Swipe At NSA Over The WannaCry Ransomware Nightmare"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2017/05/14/microsoft-just-took-a-swipe-at-nsa-over-wannacry-r
ansomware-nightmare/#621d7a9a3585

Microsoft-Präsident Brad Smith hat die kriminelle Anwendung geleakter NSA-Software bei der globalen "WannaCry"-Cyberattacke mit dem Diebstahl einer Tomahawk-Rakete des US-Militärs verglichen. "'The governments of the world should treat this attack as a wake-up call. They need to take a different approach and adhere in cyberspace to the same rules applied to weapons in the physical world. We need governments to consider the damage to civilians that comes from hoarding these vulnerabilities and the use of these exploits.' Smith called for a 'Digital Geneva Convention' that would include 'a new requirement for governments to report vulnerabilities to vendors, rather than stockpile, sell, or exploit them.' (...) Rob Graham, a security expert who has previously developed and sold such exploits in a private capacity, said the NSA deserved 'a lot of blame for having weaponized the exploit, then allowing it to leak to the internet.' But, Graham added, it was 'stupid' to believe the NSA would 'unilaterally disarm itself' and that 'arms control trying to regulate such things is even stupider.'"

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06.03.2017

"What Russian Threat? Americans Shouldn't Be Running Scared Of Moscow"

https://www.forbes.com/sites/dougbandow/2017/03/06/what-russian-threat-americans-shouldnt-be-running-scar
ed-of-moscow/#5410155713c9

Doug Bandow kann mit den Warnungen vor einer angeblichen russischen Bedrohung der USA nicht viel anfangen. Es handle sich um eine "Paranoia", die angesichts der begrenzten russischen Optionen kaum zu rechtfertigen sei. "Beyond inaugurating nuclear Armageddon, how does Moscow threaten America? An invasion seems unlikely, since the two countries don’t share a land boundary. An attack across the Bering Strait to retake Alaska is more than a little unlikely. Which means there is no direct threat to the U.S. (...) Despite their shameless defense lassitude, Europeans still collectively spend nearly four times as much as Moscow on the military. The UK alone comes close to Russia’s levels. For all of the sound and fury at recent NATO meetings, no one seriously contemplates a Russian attack on 'Old Europe,' or even most of 'New Europe.' (...) There are plenty of good reasons to view Russia as something other than Washington’s best buddy. And a bromance between President Trump and Vladimir Putin should leave a sour taste in the mouth of anyone who cares about human liberty. Nevertheless, the concerted campaign by Republican hawks like Lindsey Graham and Democratic partisans of all stripes to turn Moscow into an enemy is not just counterproductive. It is dangerous."

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