US-Soldaten in Afghanistan




"How Coronavirus Could Permanently Transform The U.S. Military"

Loren Thompson hält es für möglich, dass die Angst vor neuen Pandemien Gesellschaften weltweit lange nach der Coronakrise prägen könnte. In den USA könnte dies zu langfristigen Veränderungen führen, die auch das Militär beträfen. "We didn’t abolish nuclear weapons, we learned to live with them. Maybe coronavirus will be the same — not because we will be stuck in the same rut forever, but because the prospect of future pandemics will have been indelibly impressed on this generation’s collective imagination. (…) If we don’t develop an effective vaccine, or have reason to believe our enemies might employ novel pathogens in wartime, then some military practices will need to change permanently. This would seem to give greater impetus to the use of unmanned systems in combat, because unit cohesion among troops might be impeded by medical concerns. There are many other adjustments the joint force could need to undertake if coronavirus persists or the specter of biowar is deemed more plausible. Right now everybody is in a wait-and-see mode, hoping that a silver-bullet solution to COVID-19 can be found. But that solution will likely take a long time to arrive, if ever."

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"U.S. Government Issues Powerful Cyberattack Warning As Gas Pipeline Forced Into Two Day Shut Down"

Kate O'Flaherty berichtet über die Hintergründe eines Ransomware-Angriffs auf eine Gaspipeline in den USA. "A major cyberattack has hit a gas compression facility, forcing it to shut it down for two days as it struggled to recover, according to an alert from the U.S. government. (…) As nation state actors eye the damage that can be done by an attack on CNI, the risk of a cyber-assault on SCADA based systems continues to grow. Perhaps the most famous attack on a SCADA-based system was Stuxnet, which ravaged a Iranian nuclear facility back in 2010. More recently, attacks have hit Saudi oil companies as cyber warfare rages on. Cyberattacks such as these on industries including oil and gas are increasingly common as adversaries look to disrupt operations. The risk is amplified by the fact that systems were often built many years ago and were never intended to be connected to the internet."

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"The U.S. Dominates New Oil And Gas Production"

Jude Clemente ist sicher, dass die USA auf den internationalen Öl- und Gasmärkten aufgrund ihrer Schiefergas-Vorkommen auch künftig eine führende Rolle spielen werden. Es sei kein Wunder, dass Russland Organisationen fördere, die sich gegen das Fracking einsetzen. "(…) when looking at the individual U.S. state level, the ongoing rise of our shale oil and gas output is staggering. All presidential candidates should think about this: in the 2020s, the state of Ohio alone is expected to add as much oil and gas to global supply as Russia (see Figure below). This is our greatest geopolitical leverage and not-so-secret weapon: shale not only made us the world’s largest oil and gas producer but will make us the largest seller in just a few years. Next year, the U.S. Department of Energy reports that we will become a net exporter of oil on an annual basis for the first time ever. Vladimir Putin knows that U.S. shale production and surging associated exports are throwing a big wrench into his grand strategy of energy domination. Russia’s position as the largest oil and gas exporter rakes in over $300 billion each year. No wonder then that Putin has been funding NGOs whose job is to persuade governments to stop shale development."

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"In Budget Deal, White House And Congress Overpay For The Pentagon"

Das Weiße Haus und der Kongress haben sich für die kommenden beiden Jahre auf einen Militärhaushalt von 738 Milliarden bzw. 740 Milliarden US-Dollar geeinigt. William Hartung vom Center for International Policy weist darauf hin, dass dies die höchsten US-Militärausgaben seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs sind. "The proposed figures are higher than spending at the height of the Vietnam and Korean Wars, and substantially more than the high point of the Reagan buildup of the 1980s. And the Fiscal Year 2020 and Fiscal Year 2021 numbers are only slightly less than spending in 2010, when the United States had 180,000 troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, roughly nine times the number currently deployed. One might have thought that Pentagon budget boosters would be satisfied with these massive numbers. But you would be wrong. (...) The new budget deal is indeed a disappointment, but not for the reasons suggested by Senator Inhofe and other advocates of endless increases in the Pentagon budget. The deal allows the Pentagon to spend too much, set the wrong priorities, and put our future security at risk by hyping challenges that are not amenable to traditional military solutions. We need a new debate on America’s defense priorities, and the sooner it begins the better."

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"Why Did France Just Save Nord Stream 2?"

Dave Keating hält die Gaspipeline Nord Stream 2 nach dem erreichten Kompromiss zwischen Deutschland und Frankreich (wahrscheinlich) für gerettet. Frankreich sei offenbar nie am Ende des Projekts interessiert gewesen und habe den Disput als Druckmittel für deutsche Zugeständnisse in anderen Fragen nutzen wollen. "According to EU sources, while the compromise might make construction of the pipeline more complicated, it will not prevent its construction. Nord Stream 2 isn't completely out of the woods yet. This position adopted by ministers this morning must now be signed off by the European Parliament. Those negotiations will take place over the coming months. But even if the parliament blocks this compromise, it would just result in the proposal not being adopted - keeping Nord Stream safe. (...) There has been speculation that France never intended to support the commission's proposal, but was using Nord Stream as a bargaining chip in an unrelated dispute with Germany. French President Emmanuel Macron wants Merkel to accept his proposals for reforming the European Union, but Merkel has been resistant to his ideas for a common Eurozone budget and debt system. A more immediate possibility for the trade-off may be in the copyright reform compromise reached between Paris and Berlin on Friday."

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"Russia's Nord Stream II Pipeline Is Ukraine's Worst Nightmare"

Ariel Cohen erläutert, warum die geplante Gaspipeline Nord Stream 2 zur Versorgung Europas mit russischem Erdgas in der Ukraine als ernste Bedrohung angesehen wird. Die Ukraine sei ökonomisch auf den Status als Transitland für russisches Gas angewiesen und könne zudem durch das Leitungsnetzwerk geopolitischen Druck auf Moskau ausüben. "The poor state of Ukraine’s energy sector, which is beset by aging infrastructure, overregulation, uncompetitive pricing, and limited diversity of supply, means that Ukraine is economically and strategically reliant on the Russian gas transit, and is buying Russian-sourced gas and coal despite the state of belligerency between Kyiv and Moscow. (...) The vast network of pipelines crisscrossing Ukraine (see map) affords Kyiv some geopolitical leverage in its ongoing conflict with Russia, as Moscow needs the uninterrupted revenue stream provided by gas sales to Europe. (...) For now, the fate of Nord Stream II remains unclear. But political and economic indicators suggest that the project will soon be a reality."

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"Ukraine In NATO? America Should Reject A Bad Idea That Only Grows Worse With Age"

Nach der erneuten Erklärung der ukrainischen Regierung, möglichst bald der NATO beitreten zu wollen, erläutert Doug Bandow, warum die Argumente gegen diesen Schritt immer noch Gewicht hätten. "Ukraine would be a huge security black hole for NATO and especially America. So long as the alliance purports to have even a vague relationship to U.S. security interests, Ukraine has no place in NATO. (...) America simply has no interest at stake worth confronting a nuclear-armed power. Especially when Russia’s security interests are immediate, serious, and obvious. The best way to understand Moscow today is as a pre-1914 great power, concerned about international respect and secure borders. The U.S. and NATO ignored both when expanding the transatlantic alliance up to Russia’s borders, almost in sight of St. Petersburg. Dismantling Moscow’s long-time friend Serbia was another affront. Promising Georgia and Ukraine NATO membership compounded Russia’s anger. Then came the allies’ support in 2014 for a street putsch against the elected Viktor Yanukovych, who leaned toward Moscow. While this litany may not justify Russian policy, it certainly helps explain Putin’s actions. And, truth be told, Washington would not react well if Russia helped oust a pro-American government in Mexico City."

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"Microsoft Just Took A Swipe At NSA Over The WannaCry Ransomware Nightmare"

Microsoft-Präsident Brad Smith hat die kriminelle Anwendung geleakter NSA-Software bei der globalen "WannaCry"-Cyberattacke mit dem Diebstahl einer Tomahawk-Rakete des US-Militärs verglichen. "'The governments of the world should treat this attack as a wake-up call. They need to take a different approach and adhere in cyberspace to the same rules applied to weapons in the physical world. We need governments to consider the damage to civilians that comes from hoarding these vulnerabilities and the use of these exploits.' Smith called for a 'Digital Geneva Convention' that would include 'a new requirement for governments to report vulnerabilities to vendors, rather than stockpile, sell, or exploit them.' (...) Rob Graham, a security expert who has previously developed and sold such exploits in a private capacity, said the NSA deserved 'a lot of blame for having weaponized the exploit, then allowing it to leak to the internet.' But, Graham added, it was 'stupid' to believe the NSA would 'unilaterally disarm itself' and that 'arms control trying to regulate such things is even stupider.'"

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"What Russian Threat? Americans Shouldn't Be Running Scared Of Moscow"

Doug Bandow kann mit den Warnungen vor einer angeblichen russischen Bedrohung der USA nicht viel anfangen. Es handle sich um eine "Paranoia", die angesichts der begrenzten russischen Optionen kaum zu rechtfertigen sei. "Beyond inaugurating nuclear Armageddon, how does Moscow threaten America? An invasion seems unlikely, since the two countries don’t share a land boundary. An attack across the Bering Strait to retake Alaska is more than a little unlikely. Which means there is no direct threat to the U.S. (...) Despite their shameless defense lassitude, Europeans still collectively spend nearly four times as much as Moscow on the military. The UK alone comes close to Russia’s levels. For all of the sound and fury at recent NATO meetings, no one seriously contemplates a Russian attack on 'Old Europe,' or even most of 'New Europe.' (...) There are plenty of good reasons to view Russia as something other than Washington’s best buddy. And a bromance between President Trump and Vladimir Putin should leave a sour taste in the mouth of anyone who cares about human liberty. Nevertheless, the concerted campaign by Republican hawks like Lindsey Graham and Democratic partisans of all stripes to turn Moscow into an enemy is not just counterproductive. It is dangerous."

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"The Battle Over Russian Hacking Is Over The Legitimacy Of The Trump Presidency"

Paul Roderick Gregory betrachtet die Diskussion über russische Hackerangriffe zur Beeinflussung der US-Präsidentschaftswahl als innenpolitischen Versuch der Demokraten, den gewählten Präsidenten Trump bereits vor Amtsantritt zu diskreditieren. "The tempest over whether Russian state hackers were behind the WikiLeaks release of Democratic Party emails is really a battle for the narrative of the 2016 Presidential election. Just as Bush v Gore gave birth to the slogan of an illegitimate Bush presidency, so do the Democrats (and some Republican anti-Trumpists) want 'Putin stole the election for his friend Trump' to be the narrative of the Trump Presidency. With the Republicans in control of Congress and the Presidency, the Russian hacking story is the last weapon in the Democrats’ arsenal. They will pursue it with vigor. We need desperately to study Russian hybrid warfare, but not in a narrow political forum."

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"All Instant Messaging Could Be Killed In The UK Within Weeks"

Bereitet die britische Regierung die Abschaltung von Messenger-Diensten wie WhatsApp vor? Premierminister Cameron hat Theo Priestley zufolge deutlich gemacht, dass er Kommunikation, die von staatlichen Behörden nicht überwacht werden kann, nicht mehr erlauben will: "In our country, do we want to allow a means of communication between people which we cannot read? My answer to that question is: 'No, we must not'."

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"One Year After Russia Annexed Crimea, Locals Prefer Moscow To Kiev"

Eine neue Umfrage habe bestätigt, dass die meisten Bewohner der Krim mit der aktuellen Zugehörigkeit zu Russland zufrieden seien, schreibt Kenneth Rapoza. "When asked 'Do you endorse Russia’s annexation of Crimea?', a total of 82% of the respondents answered 'yes, definitely,' and another 11% answered 'yes, for the most part.' Only 2% said they didn’t know, and another 2% said no. Three percent did not specify their position. With two studies out of the way, both Western-based, it seems without question that the vast majority of Crimeans do not feel they were duped into voting for annexation, and that life with Russia will be better for them and their families than life with Ukraine. A year ago this week, 83% of Crimeans went to the polling stations and almost 97% expressed support for reunification with their former Soviet parent. The majority of people living on the peninsula are ethnic Russians."

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"What Can A Republican Senate Majority Do For Ukraine?"

Paul Roderick Gregory hält amerikanische Waffenlieferungen an die Ukraine nach dem Wahlsieg der Republikaner nicht mehr für ausgeschlossen. US-Präsident Obama werde sich entsprechenden Gesetzesvorlagen beider Parlamentskammern kaum widersetzen können. "Barack Obama can scarcely veto a bi-partisan pro-Ukraine bill. He can no longer refuse to supply weapons to Ukraine because of his 'long-standing concern that arming Ukraine would provoke Moscow into a further escalation that could drag Washington into a proxy war.' (...) The Ukraine military aid bill may even come from the new Congress with a veto-proof super-majority, leaving Obama with no choice in the matter, even if his anti-war faction is outraged."

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"A Bad Gas Deal For Ukraine As Europe Looks After Its Own Interests"

Paul Roderick Gregory wirft der EU vor, in den Gasverhandlungen zwischen der Ukraine und Russland vor allem die Sicherung der eigenen Gasversorgung im Auge gehabt zu haben. Die Ukraine sei der Verlierer des jüngsten Kompromisses. "Europe has agreed that Ukraine should buy natural gas at high prices just at a time when Ukraine was taking significant steps towards developing interconnections with European suppliers and getting serious about cutting back on its high per capita natural gas use. Even worse, European officials are making noises about rapprochement with Russia."

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"U.S. Foreign Policy Should Focus on Protecting Americans, Not Reassuring Friends and Allies"

Die USA sollten sich in ihrer Sicherheitspolitik wieder stärker auf den Schutz von Amerikanern und weniger auf die Unterstützung ausländischer Verbündeter konzentrieren, fordert Doug Bandow vom Cato Institute. Gegenwärtig verließen sich zu viele Verbündete bei ihren außenpolitischen Entscheidungen zu häufig auf die tatkräftige Hilfe der US-Regierung und vernachlässigten dabei die Fähigkeit zur eigenen Verteidigung. "The Department of Defense is not a charity created to protect the world, defend the self-important, secure the rich, subsidize the improvident, calm the nervous, guard the pacifist, or save the indifferent. (...) Unfortunately, almost all U.S. allies expect to be defended by America rather than to help defend America. Some contribute small troop contingents to Washington’s unnecessary wars elsewhere, such as in Iraq, but only after the U.S. helps fund and equip those forces."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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