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18.09.2020

"Libya's Haftar vows to lift oil blockade"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/libyas-haftar-vows-lift-oil-blockade

General Haftar hat eine temporäre Aufhebung der Ölblockade im Osten Libyens und eine Aufteilung der resultierenden Einnahmen mit der Regierung in Tripolis angekündigt. "A resumption of oil exports after the eight-month blockade would relieve mounting financial pressure for both sides in the Libyan conflict and could remove a major obstacle towards a political settlement, but it is not yet clear if the declared agreement has wider support. (…) Libya and many of its state institutions have been split for years between the internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and Haftar's Libyan National Army (LNA) in the east."

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02.09.2020

"Saudi Arabia to allow flights 'from all countries' to cross its skies"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/saudi-arabia-allow-flights-“-all-countries”-cross-its-skies

Saudi-Arabien hat seinen Luftraum für alle und damit auch für israelische Flugzeuge geöffnet. "Shortly after the Saudi statement, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israeli planes and flights from all other countries can fly directly from Israel to Abu Dhabi and Dubai. He made no mention of Saudi Arabia but a direct flight from Israel involves crossing Saudi skies. 'This will reduce the cost of flights, it will shorten the time, this will greatly develop tourism, it will develop our economy,' Netanyahu said in a video statement released by his office. 'These are the fruits of real peace,' he added."

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23.06.2020

"Macron warns Turkey playing 'dangerous game' in Libya"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/macron-warns-turkey-playing-dangerous-game-libya

Frankreichs Präsident Macron hat die türkische Intervention im libyschen Bürgerkrieg mit scharfen Worten verurteilt. "French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday launched a furious attack on Turkey's conduct in Libya, accusing the key NATO member of playing a 'dangerous game' that can no longer be tolerated. In fierce comments likely to rile his counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Macron described Turkey's behaviour as a telling example of his controversial belief the military alliance was in the throes of brain death. Ankara supports the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) with mercenaries, weapons and drones in the conflict against military strongman Khalifa Haftar. France insists it is neutral in the conflict. 'I believe today that Turkey is playing a dangerous game in Libya and is contravening all the engagements that it made at the Berlin conference' earlier this year on finding peace, Macron said after meeting Tunisian President Kais Saied in Paris. Ankara's role, said Macron, threatened the interests of Libya, its neighbours, the entire region and also Europe."

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21.06.2020

"Libya’s Sarraj pays $12 billion to Turkey for military protection"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/libya’s-sarraj-pays-12-billion-turkey-military-protection

Die international anerkannte Regierung in Tripolis hat der Türkei einem neuen Bericht zufolge offenbar 12 Milliarden US-Dollar für die militärische Intervention im libyschen Bürgerkrieg gezahlt. "Libya’s Government of National Accord gave 12 billion US dollars to Turkey as payment for Ankara’s military involvement in the North African country, revealed Libya Review on Sunday. The news reinforces the fact that the GNA led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj is totally dependent on Turkey for its battle against military commander Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army. Turkey has brought thousands of mercenaries from Syria to the battlefield in Libya, deployed troops and sent sophisticated drones against LNA forces despite international calls against foreign interference in the war-torn country. (…) The multi-billion-dollar payment exposed Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s true intentions in Libya as Ankara is seeking to save its battered finances that have been shaken further by the coronavirus pandemic. TRT quoted Turkish Erdogan as saying that 'our foreign exchange reserves are now above $93 million.' Turkey has $169 billion in foreign debt due in the next 12 months and gross foreign currency reserves, including gold, of only $84 billion, reported the Financial Times on May 27."

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16.05.2020

"EU lashes out at Turkey for new drilling off Cyprus"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/eu-lashes-out-turkey-new-drilling-cyprus

Die EU hat türkische Gasbohrungen vor der Küste Zyperns am Freitag scharf kritisiert. "The bloc has repeatedly urged Turkey to end its energy exploration off the island, saying the drilling is illegal because it infringes on EU member Cyprus's exclusive economic zone. Earlier this year the EU imposed an asset freeze and entry ban on two Turkish citizens involved in the operations, but Ankara has vowed to defy the criticism. 'We deplore that Turkey has not yet responded to the European Union's repeated calls to cease such activities and reiterate our call on Turkey to show restraint, refrain from such actions, and respect the sovereignty and sovereign rights of Cyprus,' the bloc's 27 foreign ministers said in a joint statement after talks. The ministers welcomed Cypriot efforts towards talks on the dispute but said that 'recent escalating actions by Turkey regrettably go in the opposite direction'."

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26.02.2020

"Erdogan issues Idlib ultimatum as tensions with Russia mount"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/erdogan-issues-idlib-ultimatum-tensions-russia-mount

Präsident Erdogan hat einen türkischen Rückzug aus der syrischen Idlib-Provinz ausgeschlossen und den syrischen Regierungstruppen ein Ultimatum gestellt. "Turkey is ready for a full-scale military confrontation against the Russia-backed Syrian army in Idlib province if Damascus does not withdraw its troops, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said. (...) Erdogan, speaking February 26, called on Turks to unite in the face of possible clashes after the death of 17 soldiers in Idlib, the last rebel stronghold in Syria after nine years of war, in fighting since the start of the month. He did not mention his plan to convene a summit with the leaders of Germany, France and Russia, the main backer of Syria’s government, March 5 in Istanbul. It is unclear whether the meeting will take place. Erdogan repeated his ultimatum for the troops of Syrian President Bashar Assad to pull back to positions behind Turkish military outposts in Idlib by February 29."

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19.02.2020

"Libya's unity govt halts participation in Geneva talks"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/libyas-unity-govt-halts-participation-geneva-talks

Nach einem Angriff auf den Hafen in Tripolis hat sich die von der UNO anerkannte Regierung von den laufenden Friedensgesprächen zurückgezogen. "The pullout came after a barrage of rocket fire hit a port in the capital Tripoli - the target of a months-long operation by eastern military commander Khalifa Haftar to oust the Government of National Accord (GNA). 'We are announcing the suspension of our participation in the military talks taking place in Geneva until firm positions are adopted against the aggressor (Haftar) and his violations' of the truce, the GNA said in a press release. 'Without a lasting ceasefire... negotiations make no sense. There can be no peace under the bombing,' it added. The port strikes were the latest violation of a tenuous truce that came into effect in January, brokered by Haftar-backer Russia and Turkey, which supports the UN-recognised government in Tripoli."

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12.02.2020

"End of proxy war: Turkey-Russia tensions rise over Syria"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/end-proxy-war-turkey-russia-tensions-rise-over-syria

Die neuen Kämpfe zwischen syrischen und türkischen Truppen in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz belasten auch das Verhältnis Ankaras zu Moskau. Präsident Erdogan hat Russland "Massaker" an Zivilisten vorgeworfen, während der Kreml eine türkische Verletzung der Astana-Vereinbarungen von 2018 beklagt. "Erdogan's direct criticism of Russia is a rare move since 2015 when Turkey shot down Moscow's fighter jet that had strayed into its airspace. The tensions over Idlib highlight the complexity of ties between the two countries, whose rivalry stretches back into their imperial pasts and has been characterised by centuries of mistrust. 'The regime, backed by Russian forces and Iran-backed militants, are continuously attacking civilians, committing massacres and shedding blood,' Erdogan told a meeting of his ruling party in parliament. (…) In return, Russia accused Turkey of failing to honour the 2018 deal, with Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saying the Turkish side 'had taken upon itself an obligation to neutralise terrorist groups' in Idlib. But 'all these groups are mounting an attack on the Syrian army from Idlib and are acting aggressively towards Russian military installations,' he added."

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30.01.2020

"Turkey blames France for Libya instability, but violates Berlin promises"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/turkey-blames-france-libya-instability-violates-berlin-promises

Frankreichs Präsident Macron hat der Türkei vorgeworfen, die Vereinbarungen des Berliner Libyen-Gipfels zu ignorieren und syrische Söldner auf türkischen Schiffen nach Libyen zu bringen. "Turkey blamed France on Wednesday for Libya's instability, after French President Emmanuel Macron accused his Turkish counterpart of failing 'to keep his word' to end meddling in the north African country. 'The main (actor) responsible for the problems in Libya since the crisis started in 2011 is France,' Turkish foreign ministry spokesman Hami Aksoy said in a statement. 'It's no secret that this country has given unconditional support to (military strongman Khalifa) Haftar in order to have a say regarding natural resources in Libya,' he added. Macron claimed earlier on Wednesday at a meeting with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis that Turkish ships accompanying Syrian mercenaries arrived on Libyan territory in recent days. The French leader said the action was a 'clear violation' of what Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan promised at the Berlin conference on January 19 where world leaders vowed to stay out of the Libyan conflict. 'It is a failure to keep his word,' Macron said."

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27.01.2020

"France hopes US will not slash support for fighting Islamists in Sahel"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/france-hopes-us-will-not-slash-support-fighting-islamists-sahel

Frankreich hofft nach wie vor, den vom Pentagon in Aussicht gestellten Abzug von US-Truppen aus Westafrika zu verhindern. "The Pentagon announced plans last year to withdraw hundreds of military personnel from Africa as it redirects resources to address challenges from China and Russia after two decades focused on counter-terrorism operations. Those cuts could deepen following an ongoing global troop review spearheaded by Defense Secretary Mark Esper. The possibility has alarmed France, which relies on US intelligence and logistics for its 4,500-strong mission in the Sahel. The deaths of 13 French soldiers in a helicopter crash during a combat mission in Mali in November increased France’s determination to secure more support in the zone. France believes it is time to increase, not ease, pressure on militants to prevent 'Islamic State from rebuilding in the Sahel,' a senior French defence ministry official told Reuters."

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13.01.2020

"Jordan king warns Islamic State on rise again in Mideast"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/jordan-king-warns-islamic-state-rise-again-mideast

Jordaniens König Abdullah hat davor gewarnt, dass tausende Kämpfer des "Islamischen Staates" aus der syrischen Idlib-Provinz nach Libyen gezogen seien, um dort den erneuten Aufstieg der Terrormiliz vorzubereiten. Auch für Europa sei die neue Bedrohung angesichts der Nähe Libyens beträchtlich, so Abdullah. "Months after the ousting of IS last year from their last Syrian holdout, Abdullah said his 'major concern is that we have seen over the past year the re-establishment and rise of Isis, not only in southern eastern Syria but also in western Iraq.' 'We have to deal with the reemergence of Isis,' the king added in an interview with TV channel France 24 ahead of talks this week in Brussels, Strasbourg and Paris. He also said many foreign fighters from Syria were now in Libya. 'From a European perspective, with Libya being much closer to Europe, this is going to be an important discussion in the next couple of days,' Abdullah said. 'Several thousand fighters have left Idlib (Syria) through the northern border and have ended up in Libya, that is something that we in the region but also our European friends will have to address in 2020.'"

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03.11.2019

"Russia’s stance in Libya leans towards Haftar"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/russia’s-stance-libya-leans-towards-haftar

Michel Cousins schreibt, dass Russland offiziell keine Partei im Bürgerkrieg in Libyen ergreife. Allerdings gebe einige Hinweise für eine russische Unterstützung für General Haftar. Die Widersprüche der russischen Libyen-Politik könnten möglicherweise auf interne Unstimmigkeiten oder strategische Erwägungen zurückgeführt werden. "One is that the Russian government is divided — one side, particularly the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, wanting to maintain links with Sarraj and his government, the other led by the Defence Ministry wanting full support for Haftar. Another is that Moscow is waiting to see who wins and a third is that the conflict in Libya serves Russia’s interests because it complicates US policy in the region and destabilises Europe, setting France against Italy."

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24.10.2019

"Trump cedes power in northern Syria to Turkey, Russia"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/trump-cedes-power-northern-syria-turkey-russia

Mit dem Truppenabzug aus Syrien und der nun erfolgten Aufhebung der US-Sanktionen gegen die Türkei habe Präsident Trump die Region praktisch Ankara und Moskau überlassen, schreibt Middle East Online. "His central message was clear: that the United States has no business in Syria and that there was never any question of trying to stop NATO member Turkey from carrying out its invasion. 'We have spent $8 trillion on wars in the Middle East, never really wanting to win those wars,' Trump said. However, the isolationist policy grates on many Republicans, whom he is depending upon to save him from a Democratic push to impeach and remove him from office over allegations that he abused his office. Immediately after the speech, powerful Republican Senator Lindsey Graham said the United States had to stay engaged. The US air power must 'continue to control the skies over Syria' he said, adding that the military should 'have a small - but capable - military partnership' with the Kurds to prevent Islamic State from reemerging."

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15.10.2019

"Trump punishes Turkey with economic sanctions"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/trump-punishes-turkey-economic-sanctions

US-Präsident Trump will die Türkei in Nordsyrien durch harte Sanktionen zu einem Waffenstillstand zwingen. "Trump announced the measures as he came under intense pressure at home for appearing to at first give the green light to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who is seeking to crush US-backed Kurdish fighters in war-ravaged Syria. 'I am fully prepared to swiftly destroy Turkey's economy if Turkish leaders continue down this dangerous and destructive path,' Trump, who until recently spoken of his friendship with Erdogan, said in a statement. The president said he had issued an executive order to allow sanctions on sitting and former Turkish officials - although he has not yet imposed them - and was immediately ending talks on a US-Turkey trade deal he valued at $100 billion, a goal mentioned by Erdogan when he welcomed a US delegation last month. Trump also said he was reimposing tariffs of 50 percent on Turkish steel - one of a series of measures taken last year to win the release of a detained US pastor, and which contributed to a plunge in the value of the country's lira currency."

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21.09.2019

"Rare anti-Sisi protests in Egypt after online call for dissent"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/rare-anti-sisi-protests-egypt-after-online-call-dissent

In Ägypten ist es nach dem Online-Aufruf eines in Spanien lebenden Aktivisten zu überraschenden Protesten gegen Präsident Sisi gekommen. "Hundreds protested in central Cairo and several other Egyptian cities late on Friday against President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, responding to an online call for a demonstration against government corruption, witnesses said. Protests have become very rare in Egypt following a broad crackdown on dissent under Sisi, who took power after the overthrow of the former Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in 2013 following mass protests against his rule. (...) The country effectively banned protests under a 2013 law and a state of emergency is still in full effect. Under the rule of general-turned-president Sisi, authorities have launched a broad crackdown on dissidents, jailing thousands of Islamists as well as secular activists and popular bloggers. Mohamed Ali, a building contractor and actor turned political activist who lives in Spain, called in a series of viral videos for the protest after accusing Sisi and the military of corruption."

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08.07.2019

"Iraq launches battle against IS for Syria border desert"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/iraq-launches-battle-against-syria-border-desert

Das irakische Militär hat eine neue Offensive gegen immer noch aktive IS-Kämpfer in der westlichen Grenzprovinz Salahaddin begonnen. "'There are pockets of Daesh fighters in the northwestern, western, and southwestern parts of Salahaddin province,' a media official from the province's military command said, using the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State group. 'Daesh is still present in these areas, and the operations will continue until they are cleared.' Iraq formally declared victory against IS in late 2017, a few months after ousting the jihadists from their seat of power Mosul, the capital of Nineveh province. The group lost their last sliver of territory in Syria -- a small desert hamlet near the Iraqi border -- in March. But IS sleeper cells have kept up hit-and-run attacks in isolated parts of Iraq, targeting government checkpoints, public infrastructure and local officials. Security analyst Hisham al-Hashemi said 'Will of Victory' was aimed at depriving IS of the resources it uses to carry out those raids."

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20.05.2019

"Proxy war in Libya on the horizon?"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/proxy-war-libya-horizon

Der stetige illegale Fluss von Waffen nach Libyen lasse befürchten, dass dem Land ein langjähriger "Abnutzungskrieg" bevorstehe, schreibt Middle East Online. "Despite a UN embargo, weapons are still flowing into Libya where an assault on the capital by strongman Khalifa Haftar threatens to escalate into a proxy war between regional powers. (...) Both sides have called in reinforcements as fresh weaponry arrives despite a UN arms embargo officially still in place since a 2011 revolt that toppled Libya's longtime leader Moamer Gathafi. The GNA boasted on Saturday of new 'armour, ammunition and... weapons' for its fighters. It did not specify the source but posted photographs on its Facebook page of dozens of Turkish BMC Kirpi armoured vehicles at Tripoli port. (...) Arnaud Delalande, a defence consultant and specialist on Libya, interpreted the delivery as an apparent open show of support for the GNA. In a swift response, pro-Haftar websites on Sunday posted photos and videos of Jordanian-built armoured cars they said were being supplied to the LNA. Such deliveries 'show that neither party plans to give in and that it is headed more towards a war of attrition', said Delalande."

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15.05.2019

"US pressures Iraq over Iran-backed militias"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/us-pressures-iraq-over-iran-backed-militias

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat die irakische Regierung bei seinem Blitzbesuch in Bagdad aufgefordert, die dem Iran nahestehenden schiitischen Milizen unter Kontrolle zu halten. "He told Iraq's top brass to keep the militias, which are expanding their power in Iraq and now form part of its security apparatus, in check, the sources said. If not, the US would respond with force. As tensions between Washington and Tehran increase, Iraq finds itself caught between neighbouring Iran, whose regional influence has grown in recent years, and the United States. (...) [The second Iraqi security source] said the Iraqis were told that any threat from the groups 'would be dealt with directly by the Americans with force.' Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi on Tuesday told reporters that the Iraqi side had not observed 'movements that constitute a threat to any side. We clarified that to the Americans - the government is doing its duty to protect all parties.'"

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27.01.2019

"Syria offers Turkey security pact if troops pulled out"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/syria-offers-turkey-security-pact-if-troops-pulled-out

Die syrische Regierung hat der Türkei angeboten, ein 1998 beschlossenes Sicherheitsabkommen neu aufzugreifen, das Damaskus verpflichtete, kurdische PKK-Stellungen im syrischen Grenzgebiet zu beseitigen. "'Syria remains committed to this accord and all the agreements relating to fighting terror in all its forms by the two countries,' said a foreign ministry statement released on state media. Damascus, however, said reviving the Adana deal, which Russian President Vladimir Putin raised during his summit meeting with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan last week, depended on Ankara ending its backing of rebels seeking to topple Syrian President Bashar al Assad and pulling its troops out of northwestern Syria."

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22.01.2019

“Debate over US troops heating up in Iraq“

https://middle-east-online.com/en/debate-over-us-troops-heating-iraq

Im Irak haben pro-iranische Fraktionen ihre Forderung nach einem beschleunigten Abzug der US-Truppen verstärkt, berichtet Middle East Online. "The political wrangling is another indication of Iraq's precarious position as it tries to balance ties between two key allies - the United States and the Islamic republic of Iran. Calls for a US pullout have intensified since President Donald Trump's shock decision last month to pull troops from neighbouring Syria, while keeping American forces in Iraq. In recent weeks, pro-Iran parties have organised protests to demand an accelerated US troop withdrawal while affiliated media outlets published footage of alleged US reinforcements in Iraq's restive west and north. The debate is heating up in parliament as well."

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17.10.2018

"US-backed forces’ defeat of IS in east Syria to take longer"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/us-backed-forces’-defeat-east-syria-take-longer

Die Vertreibung des "Islamischen Staates" aus den Wüstengebieten im Osten Syriens könnte nach Angaben der mit den USA verbündeten Syrischen Demokratischen Kräfte (SDF) länger als erwartet dauern. "The reassessment came as the United Nations warned that the fight for Hajin in Syria's eastern province of Deir Ezzor was having a 'devastating' effect on thousands of civilians. The Syrian Democratic Forces has been locked in clashes for just over a month with IS holdouts in Hajin and surrounding villages, but they have been slowed down by harsh weather conditions and a ferocious jihadist fightback 'The military operations in Hajin will take much longer than expected,' said Redur Khalil, a top SDF commander. 'Daesh is benefiting a lot from weather factors, including sandstorms. They've helped it take cover from reconnaissance aircraft and other monitoring mechanisms,' he said, using an Arabic acronym for IS. Khalil said the landscape around Hajin was vast and arid, 'larger than just a pocket'. The SDF estimates some 3,000 jihadists are defending the area."

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16.10.2018

"Australia PM changes stance on Jerusalem status"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/australia-pm-changes-stance-jerusalem-status

Australien könnte möglicherweise bald dem Beispiel der USA folgen und seine Botschaft in Israel von Tel Aviv nach Jerusalem verlegen. "Such a move, which would follow U.S. President Donald Trump's controversial decision in December to do just that, would reverse decades of foreign policy and inflame tension with some of Australia's Asian neighbours. Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim-majority nation, and Australia are due to sign a trade deal this year. Indonesia's trade minister, Enggartiasto Lukita, denied Australian media reports on Tuesday that Jakarta was considering putting the pact on hold over the possibility of Canberra changing its stance on Israel. Morrison's openness to recognising Jerusalem and moving Australia's embassy there comes four days before a by-election in Sydney where his centre-right coalition faces the risk of losing its tenuous hold on power."

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14.10.2018

"Jihadists yet to leave Syria buffer zone on eve of deadline"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/jihadists-yet-leave-syria-buffer-zone-eve-deadline

Berichten zufolge haben dschihadistische Rebellengruppen die zwischen der Türkei und Russland vereinbarte demilitarisierte Zone in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz bisher nicht verlassen. "Under the deal the horseshoe-shaped area was to be free of heavy arms by October 10 with 'radical fighters' pulling out by Monday. While the deadline for withdrawing heavy weapons was met on time, there has been no indication that the second condition is being implemented. 'We have not monitored any withdrawals by jihadist fighters at all from areas falling in the planned buffer zone,' said the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group. A correspondent in Idlib also said no hardline factions had moved any of their units in recent days. Idlib and surrounding rebel zones are held by a complex array of factions. Less than half is controlled by the Ankara-backed National Liberation Front (NLF), the main rebel conglomerate there. But the lion's share is held by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), an alliance led by former Al-Qaeda members, as well as more hardline jihadists like Hurras al-Deen and Ansar al-Islam. Those fighters also control more than two-thirds of the planned buffer zone and are supposed to leave it by Monday."

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26.09.2018

"Berlin, Riyadh agree to enter new phase in ties"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/berlin-riyadh-agree-enter-new-phase-ties

Deutschland und Saudi-Arabien wollen ihre diplomatischen Differenzen der jüngeren Zeit überwinden und in den Beziehungen ein neues Kapitel aufschlagen, so das Fazit des Treffens zwischen Außenminister Maas und seinem saudi-arabischen Kollegen Adel al-Jubeir bei der UNO in New York. "'In recent months, our relations have witnessed a misunderstanding which stand in sharp contrast to our otherwise strong and strategic ties with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and we sincerely regret this,' German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said alongside his Saudi counterpart, Adel al-Jubeir, at the United Nations, where leaders are gathered for the annual General Assembly. 'We should have been clearer in our communication and engagement in order to avoid such misunderstandings between Germany and the kingdom,' he said. Jubeir said he welcomed Maas' statement and invited him to the kingdom to intensify their ties. Earlier this month, Germany approved a delivery of weapons to Saudi Arabia, a government document showed, after saying it would halt arms sales to countries involved in the war in Yemen."

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23.09.2018

"Wary Pro-Turkey Syria rebels accept Idlib deal"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/wary-pro-turkey-syria-rebels-accept-idlib-deal

Die von der Türkei unterstützten Rebellengruppen in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz haben dem zwischen Ankara und Moskau ausgehandelten Kompromiss "vorsichtig" zugestimmt, berichtet Middle East Online. "Late Saturday, the National Liberation Front (NLF) rebel alliance in a statement accepted the deal reached on Monday for Idlib, but said they remained on their guard. They announced 'our full cooperation with our Turkish ally in helping to make a success their efforts to spare civilians from the afflictions of war'. (...) Under the deal, all factions in the planned demilitarised zone must hand over their heavy weapons by October 10, and radical groups must withdraw by October 15. Both the extremist Hurras al-Deen and NLF rebels are present inside this planned buffer area, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says. But the dominant HTS alliance is also widely present, according to the Britain-based monitor. The jihadist-led group -- which controls more than half of the Idlib region -- has not officially responded to the agreement."

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17.09.2018

"Ethiopia, Eritrea sign deal to bolster truce"

https://middle-east-online.com/en/ethiopia-eritrea-sign-deal-bolster-truce

Äthiopien und Eritrea haben ihren vor kurzem eingeleiteten Annäherungskurs mit der Unterzeichnung eines Abkommens in Saudi-Arabien bekräftigt. "Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement Sunday at a summit in Saudi Arabia, bolstering a historic peace accord between the two former Horn of Africa enemies, officials said. Authorities did not reveal exact details of the new deal signed in Jeddah, but sources close to the Saudi government said it would help strengthen the truce and enhance security in the wider region. (...) The two nations have been at loggerheads for decades over a long-standing border dispute. 'There is a wind of hope blowing in the Horn of Africa,' [UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres] said. Saudi Arabia and its ally the United Arab Emirates are helping broker peace in the region, in a sign of the growing importance the Gulf nations put on east Africa as they battle Iran-backed Huthi rebels in Yemen."

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02.09.2018

"Drought puts Iraq at risk of jihadist resurgence"

https://www.middle-east-online.com/en/drought-puts-iraq-risk-jihadist-resurgence

Ein neuer Bericht der Expert Working Group on Climate-related Security Risks warnt, dass die anhaltende Dürre in Irak die Voraussetzungen für einen erneuten Aufstieg des IS oder ähnlicher dschihadistischer Gruppen schaffen könnte. "Iraq risks a jihadist resurgence if it fails to tackle a critical drought and other climate-related security issues, according to a study presented to the UN Security Council and made public Saturday. 'The combination of its hydrological limitations, increasing temperatures and extreme weather events puts pressure on basic resources and undermines livelihood security for Iraq's population,' the Expert Working Group on Climate-Related Security Risks warned in its report. 'Failure to monitor and manage these climate-related risks will increase the risk of ISIS and post-ISIS terrorist groups gaining support and regaining strength within resource-constrained communities,' it said. (...) The water study, presented to the Security Council in July, draws a clear link between climate change and security. Iraq is in the midst of a devastating drought and water levels are at their lowest since 1931."

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21.08.2018

"Trump: There will be 'no concessions' with Turkey"

https://www.middle-east-online.com/en/trump-there-will-be-no-concessions-turkey

US-Präsident Trump hat in einem Interview bekräftigt, dass er im Streit mit der Türkei trotz drohender Konsequenzen für die internationale Wirtschaft keine Zugeständnisse machen wird. "Trump said he thought he had a deal with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan when he helped persuade Israel to free a detained Turkish citizen. He had thought Erdogan would then release pastor Andrew Brunson, who denies Turkey's allegations that he was involved in a plot against Erdogan two years ago. 'I think it's very sad what Turkey is doing. I think they're making a terrible mistake. There will be no concessions,' he said."

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12.08.2018

"Syrian rebel army being assembled with Turkish help"

https://www.middle-east-online.com/en/syrian-rebel-army-being-assembled-turkish-help

Die syrischen Rebellen wollen sich in ihrer letzten verbliebenen Hochburg in Idlib mit türkischer Hilfe zu einer "Nationalen Armee" zusammenschließen, berichtet Middle East Online. "The effort is at the heart of plans by the Turkish-backed opposition to secure and govern a strip of territory that forms part of the last big rebel stronghold in Syria. The presence of Turkish forces on the ground has helped to shield it from government attack. Assad, backed by Russia and Iran, has vowed to recover 'every inch' of Syria, and though he has now won back most of the country, the Turkish presence will complicate any government offensive in the northwest. (...) The National Army compromises some 35,000 fighters from some of the biggest factions in the war that has killed hundreds of thousands of people and forced some 11 million people from their homes over the last seven years. Many previous efforts to unite the rebels have failed, obstructed by local rivalries and at times by the competing agendas of foreign states that once backed many of the rebels in the Syrian war. The National Army could be different because of Turkey's presence on the ground."

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09.08.2018

"Oil supplies out of Saudi-Canada dispute"

https://www.middle-east-online.com/en/oil-supplies-out-saudi-canada-dispute

Der saudi-arabische Energieminister hat versichert, dass die Öllieferungen an Kanada vom Streit zwischen den beiden Ländern nicht betroffen sein werden. "The world's largest oil exporter has a 'firm and long-standing policy' that petroleum supplies are not influenced by political considerations, Khalid al-Falih said in a statement. 'The current diplomatic crisis between Saudi Arabia and Canada will not, in any way, impact Saudi Aramco's relations with its customers in Canada.'"

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