US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Globalist


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"Trump’s Soleimani Killing Undermines Global Order"

Mit dem Attentat auf General Soleimani habe die US-Regierung der internationalen Ordnung einen schweren Schlag versetzt, meint Alon Ben-Meir. "The question here is not whether he deserved to be killed. The question is: Can his killing be equated to those of Osama Bin Laden or Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leaders of al-Qaeda and ISIS respectively? They were leaders of ferocious terrorist groups, stateless and not associated with any international organization. Nor were they recognized by a single country. The same cannot be said about Soleimani. Regardless of how vicious, he was a very high-ranking government official in Iran, second only to Khamenei. (…) This begs the question: What sort of global order will we have left if the leaders of one country eliminate the leaders of another simply because they deem them ruthless? Nothing but global chaos would ensue, destroying the very idea of an international order that governs the conduct of sovereign states toward one another. This would also defy the United Nations’ founding principles. It would make it extraordinarily difficult for the community of nations to work together to solve bilateral and multilateral problems to make the world a safer place."

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"Nord Stream 2: Falling at the Last Fence?"

Alan Riley kann sich vorstellen, dass die Gaspipeline Nord Stream 2 aufgrund von Interventionen aus Washington oder Brüssel kurz vor ihrer Fertigstellung doch noch gestoppt wird. "There are two major problems facing Nord Stream 2. The first hails from across the Atlantic with the prospect of rapid imposition of U.S. sanctions. The second may very well hit the project from the EU’s nerve center in Brussels. There is a strong prospect that the European Commission will impose capacity restrictions substantially limiting the gas flows through the pipeline. As much as the German government wants to avoid such an outcome, Nord Stream 2 may thus fall at the last fence. It may end up either not being completed or, once completed, find that much of the pipeline cannot in fact be used."

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"The Yemen War in Charts"

The Globalist präsentiert eine Reihe von Karten, Tabellen und Diagrammen mit aktuellen Informationen über den andauernden Krieg in Jemen. "The U.S. Senate has voted to end U.S. support for the Saudi-led coalition’s war against Yemen’s Houthi rebels. The Yemen war is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis — about 20 million people need humanitarian assistance, the country is on the brink of famine and one million people are suffering from the worst cholera outbreak in modern history. Below is a collection of graphs, maps and charts, collected from a wide variety of sources, exploring the brutal conflict and its horrendous human cost."

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"Will a Chinese 'Sputnik moment' in AI Unleash Dynamism in the West?"

Denise Feldner stellt fest, dass Deutschland bei der Entwicklung und Anwendung neuer KI-Technologien ins Hintertreffen geraten sei. Die USA, Japan, Großbritannien und insbesondere China seien auf diesem Feld sehr viel weiter. "None other than the power-savvy Vladimir Putin has declared that '…the nation that leads AI will be the ruler of the world.' At present, five nations lead the global ranking on AI technology: China is in the top spot, followed by the United States, Japan, the UK and Germany. It was only in 2016 that China and the United States changed positions. Nonetheless, China leads with a vast distance from all its followers. Germany, for its part, ranks 5th worldwide when it comes to research output. However, Germany ranks 7th when it comes to applications. It ranks eighth when it comes to startups. This shows that Germany consistently misses to translate inventions into applications and product innovations. Part of the reason is a culture that hesitates to take risks and instinctively dislikes disruptive moves."

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"Erdogan’s Hostage Diplomacy: Why We Need a Transatlantic Response"

Aykan Erdemir und Eric S. Edelman empfehlen den USA und Europa, der türkischen "Geisel-Diplomatie" entschiedener und koordinierter entgegenzutreten. Eine Strategie pragmatischer Zugeständnisse, um westliche Geiseln aus türkischer Haft zu befreien, sei dafür untauglich. "The United States and the EU member states need to provide a clear message and joint response to Erdogan’s hostage diplomacy. For that reason, all future bilateral and multilateral deliberations with Turkey should start with the issue of hostages. American and European officials need to unequivocally convey to their Turkish counterparts that this is a top priority for their governments and the transatlantic alliance. Berlin’s policy of no normalization with Ankara as long as there are German political prisoners in Turkey is a good start. This policy, however, would be more effective if also implemented by the other NATO allies as well. (...) Ultimately, only a strong and coordinated response can deter the Turkish president from continuing to use Western nationals as pawns to advance his political agenda. To that end, the United States and the EU should consider targeted sanctions, such as visa bans for Turkish officials responsible for hostage taking and withholding of international aid, such as the EU’s Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance."

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"A Saudi Break With Ultra-Conservatism?"

Saudi-Arabien habe überraschend seine Kontrolle über eine Moschee in Belgien aufgegeben, deren saudische Prediger zunehmend als extremistisch kritisiert worden seien, berichtet James M. Dorsey. Dabei könnte es sich allerdings um eine PR-Maßnahme des Königshauses handeln. "Despite this one decision, Saudi Arabia appears to be making less of clean break on the frontlines of its support for ultra-conservative and/or militant groups elsewhere. Take the case of North Africa. Algerian media reports last month detailed Saudi propagation of a quietist, apolitical yet supremacist and anti-pluralistic form of Sunni Muslim ultra-conservatism in the country. The media published a letter by a prominent Saudi scholar that appointed three ultra-conservative Algerian clerics as the representatives of Salafism. (...) Saudi worries about Iran and its influence are too strong to count on more Saudi moderation, except in a few cases such as the Brussels mosque (where the PR value of a mosque closing is significant)."

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"Reforming Saudi Arabia: Easier Said Than Done"

Sollte der saudi-arabische Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman seine Ankündigung einer umfassenden Reform seines Landes tatsächlich umsetzen wollen, könnte er James M. Dorsey zufolge nicht nur auf den Widerstand konservativer Kleriker stoßen. "Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s proposed reforms have largely been welcomed by Saudi youth, who constitute a majority of the kingdom’s population. While they should be a natural ally of the Crown Prince, they are likely to show mixed responses. This is largely a result of deep-seated attitudes that have been cultivated for decades. An unpublished survey of aspirations of 100 male Saudi 20-year olds indicated the problems Prince Mohammed is likely to encounter beyond opposition from ultra-conservatives to moderating the kingdom’s adopted interpretation of Islam. The men surveyed 'wanted social change, but they pull back when they realize this has consequences for their sisters. Their analytical ability and critical thinking is limited,' said Abdul Al Lily, a Saudi scholar who conducted the survey and authored a book on rules that govern Saudi culture."

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"Catalonia: First Signs of a Return to Reason?"

Holger Schmieding ist davon überzeugt, dass die katalanische Regionalregierung ihr Ziel einer staatlichen Unabhängigkeit auch aus wirtschaftlichen Gründen nicht erreichen könne: "In theory, an independent Catalunya could be a viable country within the EU and the euro after an amicable divorce. It is among the most attractive and dynamic regions of Europe. However, a prolonged standoff during a contested divorce could be an economic disaster for the region. For practical purposes, Catalonia cannot become independent against Madrid. (...) While the left-wing nationalists from the CUP may not care and even relish an escalating confrontation, most pro-independence forces in Catalonia come from the moderate center-right in economic terms. As much as they would like to be independent, most of them probably do not want their region – or their own businesses – to go bust in the process. (...) In a best-case scenario, Madrid and Barcelona would soon agree to revive the autonomy deal that foundered in the constitutional court in 2010."

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"The Saudi Paper Tiger"

James M. Dorsey erwartet, dass der Einfluss Saudi-Arabiens im Nahen Osten in den kommenden Jahren trotz der aktuellen Reformen des Königshauses spürbar zurückgehen wird. Die dominanten Regionalmächte der Zukunft seien die Türkei, Ägypten und der Iran. "Turkey, Iran and, Egypt have what Saudi Arabia does not: large populations, huge domestic markets, industrial bases, highly educated populations, and deep-seated identities grounded in histories of empire. Other than Turkey and Egypt, Iran also has important natural resources. True, Saudi Arabia has oil and also Mecca, but that is not enough to compete. Saudi Arabia is a regional power because of past containment policies towards Iran. Once Iran is unfettered, it will unlikely be able to compete for long. (...) Saudi Arabia’s current reform mix – the pursuit of short-term, opportunistic policies – will not provide any real solutions. Without an honest tackling of fundamental problems, the already piled-up mountain of threats and problems is much more likely to expand further, rather than shrink."

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"Ukraine: Something Is Happening Here…"

Kenneth Courtis wirft den ukrainischen Eliten vor, sich nicht an die Vereinbarungen mit dem Westen zu halten und ihr Land schrittweise zu "ruinieren". Die Enttäuschung über die Entwicklung in der Ukraine sei auch in Berlin immer deutlicher zu spüren: "From sources in Berlin, I am hearing that the German government is beyond being frustrated not only by the complete failure to address corruption of the past, let alone to slow the rampant expansion of corruption of the last few years. Germany has been a key supporter of the Kiev regime, but that support can no longer be taken for granted."

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"Yemen: How Europe Kowtows to America"

J. Brenner wirft den europäischen Regierungen vor, dass saudi-arabische Vorgehen in Jemen zu ignorieren, stillschweigend gutzuheißen oder an der Seite der USA sogar aktiv zu unterstützen. "The allies’ complicity in the Yemen tragedy manifestly endangers cardinal European interests, e.g. terror (by creating unprecedented opportunity for both al-Qaeda and ISIS to entrench themselves there), refugee flows, secure energy supplies. It shreds the EU’s moral authority. Yet, European leaders either follow obediently in America’s wake or hold their tongues."

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"Ending Pakistan’s Export of Jihadists: The Key to Win in Afghanistan"

Robert M. Cassidy begrüßt den neuen Ton, den US-Präsident Trump bei der Präsentation seiner Afghanistan-Strategie gegenüber Pakistan angeschlagen hat. "The fresh candor about Pakistan in the Trump administration’s recent Afghanistan policy announcement should mean that the United States will desist in the illusion that Pakistan, one of the foremost ideological and physical incubators of Islamist terror, Inc., is an ally and a friend. It is neither. Pretending that Pakistan was an ally in the war against Islamist militants, one that would act in ways to help defeat Islamist networks in the tribal areas, made the West complicit in Pakistan’s malicious strategic conduct. (...) To influence or modify Pakistan’s malign strategic calculus requires a trans-regional strategy that impinges on and appeals to Pakistan’s pathologies and perceptions. A viable strategy cannot address Pakistan without addressing India. Likewise, a trans-regional strategy cannot address India without weighing some degree of cooperation and reciprocity with China, Russia, Iran and the Central Asian states."

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"The Global Dimensions of the Qatar Crisis"

James M. Dorsey von der S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapur meint, dass der aktuelle diplomatische Konflikt zwischen Katar und anderen Golfstaaten im Kontext der Rivalität zwischen Saudi-Arabien und Iran analysiert werden sollte. Die Krise betreffe auch China und nicht-arabische muslimische Staaten wie Pakistan und Malaysia, die gute Beziehungen zu allen Konfliktparteien anstrebten. "Qatar, unlike other Gulf states, is organically bound to Iran because it shares the world’s largest gas field with the Islamic republic. Qatar, moreover views maintaining relations with Islamist groups as part of its national security. Saudi Arabia and its allies hope that economic pressure exerted by cutting air, sea and land ties to the Gulf state will force Qatar to mend its ways. (...) In China’s case, it threatens its One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative amid Chinese fears that Saudi Arabia intends to expand its proxy war with Iran into Balochistan, a key Pakistani node of OBOR. The rupture and military suspension could also complicate Chinese efforts to keep its Middle East policy in sync with that of the United States, the major power in the region, if Washington were to side with Saudi Arabia and the UAE."

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"The Battle Over Syria’s Future"

Alon Ben-Meir erklärt, warum die USA und Russland bei den Verhandlungen über die Nachkriegsordnung in Syrien kooperieren sollten. Ein Kompromiss, der die Interessen aller Parteien einbezieht, müsste seiner Ansicht nach sechs Punkte berücksichtigen: "First, a new federalist decentralized government should be created technically led by Assad, with which the main sects (Kurds, Alawites, Sunnis, and Christians) maintain a loose connection. (...) Second, the United States must accept the inevitable: Russia, having invested so extensively in the past six years, will maintain a stronger and more visible military presence in Syria that it had before the civil war, for decades to come. (...) Third, Iran will insist on maintaining a permanent presence, but it must be warned by the United States publicly and directly that creating a third front from which to threaten Israel will not be tolerated. (...) Fourth, whereas Turkey claims to have national security concerns, it must not be allowed to dictate the fate of the Kurdish community in Syria. (...) Fifth, a process of peace and reconciliation must be undertaken and supervised by representatives of the Syrian population with the UN that will include the other involved countries to prevent revenge and retribution. (...) Sixth, a massive international aid effort will have to be undertaken. Tens of billions of dollars will be necessary to facilitate the return of the refugees, the rehabilitation of the internally displaced, and the rebuilding of the country’s infrastructure and other social services."

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"Why Angela Merkel Should Be Grateful to Donald Trump"

Daniel Stelter meint, dass Bundeskanzlerin Merkel die amerikanische Kritik am deutschen Leistungsbilanzüberschuss im Fall ihrer vierten Amtszeit als Anstoß für überfällige Reformen nutzen sollte. "The answer to this challenge is straightforward: encourage domestic investment and consumption in Germany. And tax corporations at a higher level. They are not using their cash flows for investments, but rather choose to hoard the money. (...) Coming up with such a program might help to tame international criticism of Germany and at the same time benefit Germany. It could well be an agenda for Angela Merkel’s fourth term. Of course, you might think, that this would just be another crisis. But that’s exactly the point. If the economy as such leaves Merkel cold, the direct attack from Donald Trump and his team on the German economy moves that subject matter into Merkel’s comfort zone – crisis management. After all, she wouldn’t be handling the economy, but working to improve relations with the United States."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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