US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

European Union Institute for Security Studies


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27.10.2021

"Compliant or complicit? Security implications of the art market"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EUISSFiles/Brief_23_2021.pdf

Der illegale Handel mit Kulturgütern sei zu einer wichtigen Finanzierungsquelle für Terrororganisationen und das organisierte Verbrechen geworden, beobachtet Alice Munnelly. "The so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), the radical jihadist group that has perpetrated or inspired some of the deadliest terrorist attacks on EU Member States in recent years, is known to have institutionalised this traffic as a source of fiscal income. Despite growing awareness of this fact, the wider ways in which the legitimate art market can be exploited for nefarious purposes such as sanctions evasion and money laundering are relatively understudied. (…) EU Member States could consider various measures to combat art trafficking, including stiffer criminal penalties and specialised police units dedicated to cultural property crimes."

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11.10.2021

"Yearbook of European Security 2021"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EUISSFiles/YES_2021.pdf

Daniel Fiott und Marco Zeiss geben einen Überblick über wichtige Ereignisse und Entwicklungen im vergangenen Jahr, die Auswirkungen auf die europäische Sicherheit hatten. "The year 2020 will be forever associated with the outbreak of and the fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic. (…) One of the core security dimensions of the pandemic was the use of disinformation to create and sustain myths about the origin of the virus. Furthermore, the EU was concerned that the virus would erode stability in many neighbouring countries. (…) The security situation on the EU's borders continued to deteriorate in 2020. (…) The 2020 war between Armenia and Azerbaijan along the Line of Contact in Nagorno-Karabakh further destabilised the Caucasus region."

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02.09.2021

"The Impact of COVID-19 on CSDP"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EUISSFiles/Brief_17_2021_web.pdf

Tobias Pietz analysiert die Auswirkungen der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die Gemeinsame Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik der EU: "In the case of the missions and operations deployed under the framework of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), Covid-19 had a severe impact, including on Brussels-based personnel and structures, early on. (…) Those missions and operations with a stabilisation or security mandate were more resilient at the onset of the pandemic than those delivering training and capacity building to local partners."

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11.06.2020

"From bad to worse? The impact(s) of Covid-19 on conflict dynamics."

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/bad-worse-impacts-covid-19-conflict-dynamics

Katariina Mustasilta hat sich in dieser Studie für das European Union Institute for Security Studies mit dem Einfluss der Corona-Pandemie auf die Dynamik internationaler Konflikte beschäftigt. "The Brief identifies three main ways in which the global crisis impacts conflict-affected countries. First, the pandemic itself risks exacerbating inequalities and further burdening already vulnerable groups within conflict-affected societies. Second, local and external conflict parties are quick to capitalise on various opportunities arising from the policy responses to the crisis which also complicate peace and crisis management efforts. Third, the economic fallout puts severe strain on already weak state institutions and undermines governance outcomes (thus increasing the risk of conflict). Of these three dimensions, the policy responses and distraction created by the pandemic have thus far had the most significant repercussions for conflict dynamics, unfortunately often for the worse. The global scale of the crisis and its continuing evolution complicate efforts to seize momentum for peace and set the pandemic apart from previous catastrophic/disruptive events, such as the tsunami in 2004, that in some cases led to a positive shift in local conflict dynamics."

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30.04.2020

"Arctic stress test - Great power competition and Euro-Atlantic defence in the High North"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/arctic-stress-test

Simona R. Soare analysiert in diesem Beitrag für das European Union Institute for Security Studies die sicherheitspolitische Bedeutung der Arktis für die EU im Kontext der Rivalität der Großmächte. "Great power competition in the Arctic is intensifying in its European sector. The US, Canada, European Arctic countries and the EU need to redouble efforts at multilateral cooperation as a matter of priority, particularly through the Arctic Council. Nevertheless, strategic rivalry will inevitably subject European defence and the transatlantic bond to an Arctic stress test. First, transatlantic allies and partners need to overcome the deadlock on what, if any, NATO’s role is in the Arctic. (…) Second, while the region is not a primary theatre of operations, Russia’s perception that it can use the Arctic for effective signalling to rival powers, through weapons testing or limited escalation, should be dispelled. (…) Third, European and transatlantic decision-makers need to start investing in Arctic economic development and infrastructure now and progressively enhance such investments over the mid-term."

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23.10.2018

"Hacks, leaks and disruptions – Russian cyber strategies"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/hacks-leaks-and-disruptions-–-russian-cyber-strategies

Das European Union Institute for Security Studies hat einen neuen Sammelband herausgegeben, der sich mit den Hintergründen der russischen Cyber-Strategie beschäftigt. "What is the relationship between cyber activities conducted by Russia at home and abroad? What role do cyber operations play as an instrument of Russia’s coercive diplomacy? How different is Russia from other cyber powers, and how do we know for sure if the Kremlin is behind certain cyberattacks that have been attributed to it? This Chaillot Paper examines these and other key questions as it explores how Russia’s increasingly assertive behaviour in cyberspace has lent new urgency to the debate about cybersecurity in the West."

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03.09.2018

"Balkan futures – Three scenarios for 2025"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/balkan-futures-–-three-scenarios-2025

Marko Čeperković und Florence Gaub stellen in diesem Sammelband drei politische Zukunftsszenarien für die Balkan-Region vor. "Will we witness Republika Srpska declare independence, a worsening of relations between Kosovo* and Serbia, and the rise of ethnic tensions across the region – or will we celebrate Montenegro and Serbia joining the EU, with good reason to hope that the rest of the region will soon follow? This Chaillot Paper presents three contrasting scenarios for the horizon of 2025 – best-case, medium-case, and worst-case. Each scenario takes account of the impact of underlying megatrends (trends that are unlikely to change by 2025) on the future trajectory of the region: the scenarios do not just spell out what 2025 could look like, they also explain how decisions with far-reaching consequences taken at critical junctures (called game-changers) will shape this future between today and then."

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31.07.2018

"Russia’s return to the Middle East: building sandcastles?"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/russia’s-return-middle-east-building-sandcastles

Nicu Popescu und Stanislav Secrieru vom European Union Institute for Security Studies haben eine Studie mit Beiträgen über die neue Rolle Russlands im Nahen Osten herausgegeben. "Russia’s political, diplomatic, military and economic footprint in the Middle East and North Africa has expanded visibly over the last decade. This Chaillot Paper provides a detailed account of Russia’s spectacular return to the region. The paper depicts how major regional players have adjusted to the new reality but also addresses the question of whether Russia will be able to sustain its geopolitical ambitions in the Middle East."

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04.05.2018

"Dealing with diversity – The EU and Latin America today"

https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/dealing-diversity-–-eu-and-latin-america-today

In dieser Studie für das European Union Institute for Security Studies hat sich Lorena Ruano eingehend mit den Beziehungen der EU zu Lateinamerika beschäftigt. "This Chaillot Paper examines the relationship between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It contends that the original assumptions underpinning EU policy towards the region no longer apply, due to the erosion of the liberal consensus, as well as the ongoing obstacles to regional integration in LAC. Highlighting the various shortcomings in this bi-regional relationship, the paper argues that focusing on bilateral relations between the EU and individual countries is the way to move forward today, as it is in this sphere that deeper and more concrete cooperation has been strongest."

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