US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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01.08.2021

"Tunisia's President Holds Forth on Freedoms After Seizing Power"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/01/world/middleeast/tunisia-president-kais-saied.html

Vivian Yee berichtet von ihrem Treffen mit dem tunesischen Präsidenten Kais Saied, wenige Tage nachdem dieser den Premierminister entlassen und das Parlament ausgesetzt hatte. Saied habe dabei einen Zusammenhang zwischen dem Sturm auf das Kapitol am 6. Januar und vermeintlichen 'Dieben' im tunesischen Parlament hergestellt. "The ironies were more than obvious: A journalist from a country where democracy is under strain flying in to report on a threat to another country's democracy, only to be reminded by the very man who might be threatening it of the gap between American ideals and American reality."

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19.01.2021

"In Confirmation Hearings, Biden Aides Indicate Tough Approach on China"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/19/us/politics/avril-haines-antony-blinken-lloyd-austin.html

Die Anhörung einiger Kandidaten für hochrangige sicherheitspolitische Posten der neuen US-Regierung vor dem Senat habe einen Eindruck von den außenpolitischen Zielen des neuen US-Präsidenten vermittelt, berichtet die New York Times. "The hearings offered glimpses of what Mr. Biden’s national security policies will be — where they will be a resumption of the Obama administration’s approach and where they could differ. There was no indication of any sharp break with President Barack Obama’s policies, but there were clearly hints of where the new president could take a harder line — on China, and also, potentially, on Iran."

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10.01.2021

"A Year After Wuhan, China Tells a Tale of Triumph (and No Mistakes)"

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/10/world/asia/wuhan-china-coronavirus.html

Ein Jahr nach dem Ausbruch der Corona-Pandemie betreibe die chinesische Führung eine "Rebranding-Kampagne", die eigene Fehler konsequent ausblende, berichten Amy Qin und Javier C. Hernández in ihrer Reportage über eine Ausstellung in Wuhan. "The praise for Wuhan’s success is well deserved. (…) But with nationalism and public support for the party apparently on the rise, the assertive rebranding campaign is a sign that China’s leaders have little interest in dwelling on the past or revisiting their mistakes. Their goal, experts say, is simple: to ensure that nothing undermines the party’s triumphant narrative."

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19.12.2020

"Once a Slogan of Unity, 'Je Suis Charlie' Now Divides France"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/19/world/europe/france-charlie-hebdo-slogan.html

Der Slogan "Je Suis Charlie", der nach dem islamistischen Terroranschlag auf das französische Satiremagazin "Charlie Hebdo" Solidarität vermitteln sollte, sei heute zu einem Ausdruck der Polarisierung des Landes geworden, berichten Norimitsu Onishi und Constant Méheut. "'I am Charlie' gave birth to 'I am not Charlie,' giving rise to a question that demands picking camps: Are you or are you not Charlie? The answer puts people on either side of France’s major fault lines, including freedom of speech, secularism, race, national identity and, of course, Islam. (…) Today, someone who is Charlie is likely to be white and supporter of the caricatures’ publication. At its extreme, the person may back a strict secularism that at times is a cover for anti-Islam. Someone who’s not Charlie is often nonwhite and opposes the cartoons’ publication. The person could go as far as justifying Islamist terrorism or a ban of all criticism of religion. Once a slogan that transcended political cleavages, 'Je Suis Charlie' has now been largely embraced by the right and created splits on the left."

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15.12.2020

"I.C.C. Won’t Investigate China’s Detention of Muslims"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/15/world/asia/icc-china-uighur-muslim.html?action=click&module=Latest&pgt
ype=Homepage

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof wird sich trotz einer Aktivisten-Kampagne nicht mit der Verfolgung der Uiguren in China befassen. "Prosecutors in The Hague said on Monday that they would not, for the moment, investigate allegations that China had committed genocide and crimes against humanity regarding the Uighurs, a predominantly Muslim ethnic group, because the alleged crimes took place in China, which is not a party to the court. The abuses described 'have been committed solely by nationals of China within the territory of China,' said a report by the court’s chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda of Gambia. For months, Uighurs in exile had urged the court to investigate China’s repressive policies against Muslim minorities, the first attempt by activists to use the force of international law to hold Chinese officials accountable for the crackdown. They accused the Chinese government of carrying out a campaign of torture, forced sterilization and mass surveillance against Muslims, among other abuses."

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09.12.2020

"Fleeing Ethiopians Tell of Ethnic Massacres in Tigray War"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/09/world/africa/ethiopia-tigray-sudan.html

Bei den Kämpfen im äthiopischen Teilstaat Tigray ist es Flüchtlingen zufolge zu ethnischen Massakern gekommen. "Nearly 50,000 have fled to Sudan so far, in what the United Nations has called the worst exodus of refugees Ethiopia has seen in more than two decades. And their accounts contradict the repeated claims from Mr. Abiy, who won the Nobel Peace Prize last year for ending the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea, that no civilians are being hurt. The Tigrayans describe being caught between indiscriminate military shelling and a campaign of killing, rape and looting by government-allied ethnic militias. Several told me that they saw dozens of bodies along the route as they fled their shops, homes and farms and took to the long road to the border with Sudan, in stifling heat."

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06.12.2020

"China Peddles Falsehoods to Obscure Origin of Covid Pandemic"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/06/world/asia/china-covid-origin-falsehoods.html

Die chinesische Regierung versuche nach wie vor, die Herkunft der Corona-Pandemie mit einer Propaganda-Strategie zu vertuschen, berichtet Javier C. Hernández. Unfreiwilliger Protagonist dieser Kampagne sei derzeit der deutsche Virologe Alexander Kekulé: "Alexander Kekulé, the director of the Institute for Biosecurity Research in Halle, Germany, has been all over the state-run media in China in recent days. News outlets have taken Dr. Kekulé’s research out of context to suggest that Italy, not China, is where the coronavirus pandemic began. Photos of him have appeared on Chinese news sites under headlines reading, 'China is innocent!' Dr. Kekulé, who has repeatedly said that he believes the virus first emerged in China, was startled. 'This is pure propaganda,' he said in an interview. Facing global anger over their initial mishandling of the outbreak, the Chinese authorities are now trying to rewrite the narrative of the pandemic by pushing theories that the virus originated outside China."

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05.12.2020

"In Somalia, U.S. Troop Withdrawal Is Seen as Badly Timed"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/05/world/africa/somalia-us-troops-withdraw.html

US-Präsident Trump hat den Abzug der US-Truppen aus Somalia angekündigt. Declan Walsh schreibt, dass die Entscheidung in Somalia vor allem wegen ihres schlechten Timings kritisiert wird. "Somalis fear a U.S. decision to withdraw troops from their country will be seen as a victory for the Qaeda-linked militants who have wreaked havoc there for years, and sow the potential for further chaos at an especially delicate moment for Somalia and the region. Somali presidential elections are scheduled in just two months, war is erupting in neighboring Ethiopia, and the militants, from the Shabab, are still strong despite years of American-led raids and drone strikes. The timing of Friday’s Pentagon announcement, some Somalis say, is terrible."

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02.12.2020

"Iran Moves to Increase Uranium Enrichment and Bar Nuclear Inspectors"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/02/world/middleeast/iran-nuclear-enrichment-inspectors.html

In einer ersten Reaktion auf die Ermordung des Atomwissenschaftlers Mohsen Fakhrizadeh hat die iranische Führung den Ausbau ihres Programms zur Anreicherung von Uran angekündigt. "Iran responded Wednesday to the assassination of its top nuclear scientist by enacting a law ordering an immediate ramping up of its enrichment of uranium to levels closer to weapons-grade fuel. The measure also requires the expulsion of international nuclear inspectors if American sanctions are not lifted by early February, posing a direct challenge to President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. (…) The new law orders Iran’s Atomic Energy Agency to resume enriching uranium to a level of 20 percent immediately, returning Iran’s program to the maximum level that existed before the 2015 nuclear agreement reached with the Obama administration. Uranium enriched to that level would give Iran the ability to convert its entire stockpile to bomb-grade levels within six months."

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30.11.2020

"'Trump Is Better': In Asia, Pro-Democracy Forces Worry About Biden"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/30/world/asia/biden-trump-china-asia.html

In Asien sehen viele Demokratie-Aktivisten dem Amtswechsel im Weißen Haus mit einiger Sorge entgegen, berichtet Hannah Beech. "Pro-democracy campaigners from Hong Kong are championing President Trump’s claims of an electoral victory. Human rights activists and religious leaders in Vietnam and Myanmar are expressing reservations about President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s ability to keep authoritarians in check. It might seem counterintuitive that Asian defenders of democracy are among the most ardent supporters of Mr. Trump, who has declared his friendship with Xi Jinping of China and Kim Jong-un of North Korea. But it is precisely Mr. Trump’s willingness to flout diplomatic protocol, abandon international accords and keep his opponents off-balance that have earned him plaudits as a leader strong enough to stand up to dictators and defend democratic ideals overseas, even if he has been criticized as diminishing them at home."

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27.11.2020

"Beijing Takes Its South China Sea Strategy to the Himalayas"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/27/world/asia/china-bhutan-india-border.html

Steven Lee Myers schreibt, dass China seine aggressive Territorialstrategie aus dem Südchinesischen Meer auch an seinen Landgrenzen einsetze. "'In the end, it reflects the consolidation of China’s control over the area it claims,' said M. Taylor Fravel, director of the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an expert on China’s military. Over the past year, China has moved aggressively against many of its neighbors, seemingly with little regard for diplomatic or geopolitical fallout. Its actions reflect the ambition of China’s leader, Xi Jinping, to assert the country’s territorial claims, economic interests and strategic needs around the world. Mr. Xi often cites China’s historical grievances against foreign encroachment and colonization, using its past to justify its aggressive strategic activities."

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22.11.2020

"China’s Surveillance State Sucks Up Data. U.S. Tech Is Key to Sorting It."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/22/technology/china-intel-nvidia-xinjiang.html

Amerikanische Technologien spielen beim Betrieb des staatlichen Überwachungsapparats in China eine wichtige Rolle, berichtet die New York Times. "At the end of a desolate road rimmed by prisons, deep within a complex bristling with cameras, American technology is powering one of the most invasive parts of China’s surveillance state. (…) Chips made by Intel and Nvidia, the American semiconductor companies, have powered the complex since it opened in 2016. By 2019, at a time when reports said that Beijing was using advanced technology to imprison and track Xinjiang’s mostly Muslim minorities, new U.S.-made chips helped the complex join the list of the world’s fastest supercomputers. Both Intel and Nvidia say they were unaware of what they called misuse of their technology."

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16.11.2020

"Trump Sought Options for Attacking Iran to Stop Its Growing Nuclear Program"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/16/us/politics/trump-iran-nuclear.html?referringSource=articleShare

Der New York Times zufolge hat sich US-Präsident Trump am vergangenen Donnerstag nach Optionen für einen Militärschlag gegen die wichtigste iranische Atomanlage erkundigt. "The meeting occurred a day after international inspectors reported a significant increase in the country’s stockpile of nuclear material, four current and former U.S. officials said on Monday. A range of senior advisers dissuaded the president from moving ahead with a military strike. (…) After Mr. Pompeo and General Milley described the potential risks of military escalation, officials left the meeting believing a missile attack inside Iran was off the table, according to administration officials with knowledge of the meeting."

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15.11.2020

"They Once Ruled Ethiopia. Now They Are Fighting Its Government."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/15/world/africa/ethiopia-abiy-tigray.html

Declan Walsh und Simon Marks berichten über die Hintergründe des Konflikts zwischen der äthiopischen Regierung und der abtrünnigen Region Tigray. "The rush to war has exacerbated ethnic divisions so badly that on Friday it prompted warnings of potential ethnic cleansing and even genocide. 'The risk of atrocity crimes in Ethiopia remains high,' said Pramila Patten, the United Nations’ acting special adviser for the prevention of genocide, and Karen Smith, the special adviser on protecting civilians, in a joint statement. Until recently Ethiopia, a close American military ally, was seen as the strategic linchpin of the volatile Horn of Africa. But with its brewing civil war spilling into Eritrea, refugees streaming into Sudan and Ethiopia’s peacekeeping mission to Somalia now under strain because of its domestic turmoil, analysts worry that Ethiopia could destabilize the region."

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07.11.2020

"Biden to Face Long List of Foreign Challenges, With China No. 1"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/07/world/americas/Biden-foreign-policy.html

Joe Biden werde bereits bei seinem Amtsantritt vor einer ganzen Reihe außenpolitischer Probleme stehen, schreibt Rick Gladstone. Die atmosphärische Verbesserung vieler bilateraler Beziehungen wird seiner Ansicht nach wohl eine der leichteren Aufgaben sein. "U.S. relations with China are the worst since the countries normalized ties four decades ago. America’s allies in Europe are alienated. The most important nuclear anti-proliferation treaty is about to expire with Russia. Iran is amassing enriched nuclear fuel again, and North Korea is brandishing its atomic arsenal. Not to mention global warming, refugee crises and looming famines in some of the poorest places on earth, all amplified by the pandemic. President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. is inheriting a landscape of challenges and ill-will toward the United States in countries hostile to President Trump’s 'America First' mantra, his unpredictability, embrace of autocratic leaders and resistance to international cooperation. (…) But Mr. Biden’s past as head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and as vice president in the Obama administration have given him a familiarity with international affairs that could work to his advantage, foreign policy experts who know him say."

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02.11.2020

"In Hunt for Coronavirus Source, W.H.O. Let China Take Charge"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/02/world/who-china-coronavirus.html

Die New York Times wirft der Weltgesundheitsorganisation WHO vor, China bei der Suche nach der Herkunft des Coronavirus folgenreiche Zugeständnisse gemacht zu haben. "From the earliest days of the outbreak, the World Health Organization — the only public health body with a global remit — has been both indispensable and impotent. The Geneva-based agency has delivered key information about testing, treatment and vaccine science. When the Trump administration decided to develop its own test kits, rather than rely on the W.H.O. blueprint, the botched result led to delays. At the same time, the health organization pushed misleading and contradictory information about the risk of spread from symptomless carriers. Its experts were slow to accept that the virus could be airborne. Top health officials encouraged travel as usual, advice that was based on politics and economics, not science. (…) even many of its supporters have been frustrated by the organization’s secrecy, its public praise for China and its quiet concessions. Those decisions have indirectly helped Beijing to whitewash its early failures in handling the outbreak."

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21.10.2020

"In Azerbaijan, Pain and Loss Drive War Fever"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/21/world/europe/azerbaijan-armenia-nagorno-karabakh-refugees.html

Carlotta Gall berichtet in ihrer Reportage aus Baku über die aserbaidschanische Sicht auf den Konflikt in Bergkarabach. "Azerbaijan is in full war mode as it engages in the heaviest fighting since the original conflict with Armenia in the early 1990s over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, an ethnic Armenian district inside Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan suffered a bitter defeat then, losing about 13 percent of its territory, with as many as 26,000 dead and around 800,000 displaced. (…) Azerbaijan is a tightly controlled society where dissent is quickly quashed. Criticism of the war, where it exists, is muted. Yet the general mood is overwhelmingly supportive. (…) 'This is not Aliyev’s war,' said Zaur Shiriyev, the South Caucasus analyst for the International Crisis Group, in reference to the president. 'It is all of the people’s war.' Mr. Shiriyev said that many Armenians, and Western officials working in the region, had never fully understood how important the losses of both life and territory were to Azerbaijanis."

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29.09.2020

"In Nagorno-Karabakh, Signs of Escalating and Widening Conflict"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/29/world/middleeast/nagorno-karabakh-armernia-azerbaijan.html

Andrew E. Kramer berichtet über die gefährliche Eskalation des Konflikts zwischen Armenien und Aserbaidschan in der Region Bergkarabach. "Armenia said Tuesday that Azerbaijan was employing longer range and more destructive types of artillery in fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, now in its third day, and threatened to deploy heavier weapons of its own. The Armenian Ministry of Defense also said that one of its jets had been shot down by a Turkish F-16. A spokeswoman said the Turkish plane had taken off in Azerbaijan, flown into Armenia, and shot down the Armenian military airplane. Azerbaijan and Turkey denied this had happened. It was not immediately possible to confirm the Armenian claims about the planes or the Azerbaijani artillery barrage."

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25.09.2020

"Putin Wants a Truce in Cyberspace — While Denying Russian Interference"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/25/world/europe/russia-cyber-security-meddling.html

Russlands Präsident Putin hat den USA einen "Waffenstillstand" im Cyberspace vorgeschlagen. "Mr. Putin issued an unusual written statement outlining a four-point plan for what he called a 'reboot' in the relationship between the United States and Russia in the field of information security. Moscow and Washington, he wrote, should issue 'guarantees of nonintervention into the internal affairs of each other, including into electoral processes.' He urged a bilateral agreement 'on preventing incidents in the information space,' modeled on Cold War-era arms control treaties. But beyond the conciliatory language, Mr. Putin’s statement offered no hint that Moscow was prepared to make any specific concessions on its greatly accelerated use of cyberweapons over the past decade — sometimes directly, sometimes through proxies."

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22.09.2020

"In Biden, China Sees an 'Old Friend' and Possible Foe"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/22/world/asia/biden-china-election-trump.html

In China sehe man einem möglichen Wahlsieg Joe Bidens im November mit gemischten Gefühlen entgegen, berichten Steven Lee Myers und Javier C. Hernández. "Mr. Biden, according to analysts in China, could do more damage than Mr. Trump by pursuing a more coherent strategy to counter China’s global agenda. Mr. Biden has vowed that if elected, he would take a harder line on climate change and China’s crackdowns on ethnic minorities and Hong Kong. To China’s leadership, he is the candidate more likely to restore strong ties with American allies and mobilize other nations to pressure China more effectively. (…) 'I am under no illusion that Biden would be better,' said Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations at Renmin University in Beijing. He added that Mr. Biden could feel pressure to act even more forcefully toward China, raising the risk of a military confrontation, something Mr. Trump has been averse to."

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09.09.2020

"How a Massive Bomb Came Together in Beirut’s Port"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/09/09/world/middleeast/beirut-explosion.html

Die New York Times hat sich in diesem interaktiven Beitrag mit den näheren Umständen der verheerenden Explosion im Hafen von Beirut am 4. August beschäftigt. "Fifteen tons of fireworks. Jugs of kerosene and acid. Thousands of tons of ammonium nitrate. A system of corruption and bribes let the perfect bomb sit for years."

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05.09.2020

"Race for Coronavirus Vaccine Pits Spy Against Spy"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/05/us/politics/coronavirus-vaccine-espionage.html

Am internationalen Wettrennen um einen Covid-19-Impfstoff sind der New York Times zufolge auch viele Geheimdienste beteiligt. "(…) every major spy service around the globe is trying to find out what everyone else is up to. The coronavirus pandemic has prompted one of the fastest peacetime mission shifts in recent times for the world’s intelligence agencies, pitting them against one another in a new grand game of spy versus spy, according to interviews with current and former intelligence officials and others tracking the espionage efforts. Nearly all of the United States’ adversaries intensified their attempts to steal American research while Washington, in turn, has moved to protect the universities and corporations doing the most advanced work."

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05.09.2020

"Coronavirus Crisis Shatters India’s Big Dreams"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/05/world/asia/india-economy-coronavirus.html

In Indien habe die Corona-Pandemie den politischen und wirtschaftlichen Ambitionen des Landes einen schweren Schlag versetzt, berichtet Jeffrey Gettleman. "Much of this damage was caused by the coronavirus lockdown imposed by India’s prime minister, Narendra Modi, which experts now say was at turns both too tight and too porous, both hurting the economy and spreading the virus. India now has the fastest growing coronavirus crisis, with more than 80,000 new infections reported each day. A sense of malaise is creeping over the nation. Its economic growth was slowing even before the pandemic. Social divisions are widening. Anti-Muslim feelings are on the rise, partly because of a malicious social media campaign that falsely blamed Muslims for spreading the virus. China is increasingly muscling into Indian territory. Scholars use many of the same words when contemplating India today: Lost. Listless. Wounded. Rudderless. Unjust."

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25.08.2020

"To Deal With China, Trump Should Learn German"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/25/opinion/trump-china-germany.html?action=click&module=Opinion&pgtype=Ho
mepage

Thomas L. Friedman empfiehlt dem demokratischen US-Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden, im Fall eines Wahlsiegs im November einen der größten Fehler Donald Trumps zu korrigieren und in der andauernden Konfrontation mit China Deutschland als Verbündeten ins Boot zu holen. "The Cold War with the Soviet Union was fought and won in Berlin. And the looming Cold War with China — over trade, technology and global influence — will be fought and won in Berlin. As Berlin goes, so goes Germany, and as Germany goes, so goes the European Union, the world’s biggest single market. And whichever country — the United States or China — is able to leverage the European Union on its side in the competition for whose technology standards, trade rules and technology will prevail will set the rules for global digital commerce in the 21st century. (…) If we make this a story of America acting against China alone — with the goal of making America, and only America, great again — we lose. If we make this a story of the world versus China on what are the right and fair rules of 21st-century commerce — we can bend Beijing our way."

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20.08.2020

"Hundreds of Police Killings in India, but No Mass Protests"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/20/world/asia/india-police-brutality.html

Trotz zahlreicher belegter Fälle von Polizeigewalt in Indien gebe es dort keine Massenproteste, berichten Jeffrey Gettleman und Sameer Yasir. Für viele Inder sei die alltägliche Kriminalität das weitaus größere Problem. "Around the world, the death of George Floyd in police custody in Minneapolis in May unleashed searing examinations of police abuse, racism and injustice — but not in India, where no large grass-roots movement has emerged to take on police brutality. For many Indians, day-to-day crime is the more pressing issue, and they often side with the police, even when there is voluminous evidence that they have abused their power. There is also a fear of speaking against the police. According to a lengthy report by the National Campaign Against Torture, an Indian rights group based in New Delhi, the capital, at least 1,731 people were killed in custody last year. The majority of the victims, the report said, were the usual victims of abuse: Muslims and lower-caste Hindus."

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19.08.2020

"Mali Military Coup: Why the World Is Watching"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/19/world/africa/Whats-happening-Mali-coup.html

Die politische Instabilität in Mali könnte regionale Auswirkungen haben, warnt Eric Nagourney. "The effects of the turmoil could spill beyond the borders of Mali, a country whose strategic location has geopolitical implications for West Africa, the Sahel, the broader Arab world, the European Union and the United States. (…) After a previous military coup in 2012, Islamist rebels, some with ties to Al Qaeda, took advantage of the disarray to seize control of large areas of the country’s north, including the ancient city of Timbuktu. Under their brutal rule, Malians in those areas under jihadist control were forced to follow a strict religious code or risk severe punishment. Women were forced into marriage, and historical sites were demolished. The rebels lost control of their territories after French forces intervened to help the Malian military drive them out. But armed groups continue to terrorize civilians in the countryside, and the violence has metastasized across borders into the neighboring countries of Burkina Faso and Niger."

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12.08.2020

"How American Guns Are Fueling U.K. Crime"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/12/world/europe/handguns-smuggling-murder-us-uk.html

Der illegale Schmuggel amerikanischer Handfeuerwaffen hat nach Ansicht von Experten zu einem Anstieg der Bandenkriminalität in Großbritannien beigetragen, berichtet Jane Bradley. "Josh Bains was 28 when he was killed after an argument over a drug debt of about $50 just a few miles from the English village where he grew up — with a gun that had traveled thousands of miles from America. (…) 'I think Americans wouldn’t believe that something that they produce could affect people like us,' said Clare Bains, who was Mr. Bains’s stepmother. 'If there weren’t all these guns, they wouldn’t be seeping out of America all over the world.' Gun deaths remain extremely rare in Britain, and very few people, even police officers, carry firearms. But the growing presence of American weapons on the streets, which has not previously been widely reported, comes as serious violent crime, like murders and stabbings, has risen sharply."

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03.08.2020

"Turkish Aggression Is NATO’s 'Elephant in the Room'"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/03/world/europe/turkey-nato.html

Das zunehmend feindselige Auftreten der Türkei gegenüber seinen Partnerländern werde unter NATO- und EU-Diplomaten in Brüssel nur ungern diskutiert, berichtet Steven Erlanger. "A NATO member since 1952, Turkey is too big, powerful and strategically important — it is the crossroads of Europe and Asia — to allow an open confrontation, alliance officials suggest. (…) A more aggressive, nationalist and religious Turkey is increasingly at odds with its Western allies over Libya, Syria, Iraq, Russia and the energy resources of the eastern Mediterranean. Turkey’s tilt toward strongman rule after 17 years with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the helm also has unsettled other NATO members. (…) Despite that, Turkey is getting a kind of free pass, analysts say, its path having been cleared by a lack of consistent U.S. leadership, exacerbated by President Trump’s contempt for NATO and his clear admiration for Mr. Erdogan."

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29.07.2020

"Latin America Is Facing a 'Decline of Democracy' Under the Pandemic"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/29/world/americas/latin-america-democracy-pandemic.html

In Lateinamerika bedrohe die Coronakrise nicht nur die Gesundheit und die Wirtschaft, sondern auch die oft ohnehin "fragilen" politischen Freiheiten, berichtet Anatoly Kurmanaev. "As the coronavirus pandemic tears through Latin America and the Caribbean, killing more than 180,000 and destroying the livelihoods of tens of millions in the region, it is also undermining democratic norms that were already under strain. Leaders ranging from the center-right to the far left have used the crisis as justification to extend their time in office, weaken oversight of government actions and silence critics — actions that under different circumstances would be described as authoritarian and antidemocratic but that now are being billed as lifesaving measures to curb the spread of the disease. The gradual undermining of democratic rules during an economic crisis and public health catastrophe could leave Latin America primed for slower growth and an increase in corruption and human rights abuses, experts warned."

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19.07.2020

"China Is Using Uighur Labor to Produce Face Masks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/19/world/asia/china-mask-forced-labor.html

Informationen der New York Times zufolge fertigen einige chinesische Unternehmen die in der Coronakrise stark nachgefragten Gesichtsmasken möglicherweise mit Hilfe von uigurischen Zwangsarbeitern an. "The companies produce equipment primarily for domestic use, but The Times identified several other companies outside Xinjiang that use Uighur labor and export globally. We traced a shipment of face masks to a medical supply company in the U.S. state of Georgia from a factory in China’s Hubei Province, where more than 100 Uighur workers had been sent. The workers are required to learn Mandarin and pledge their loyalty to China at weekly flag-raising ceremonies. (…) 'There are these coercive quotas that cause people to be put into factory work when they don’t want to be,' said Amy K. Lehr, the director of the Human Rights Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 'And that could be considered forced labor under international law.'"

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Internationales

Internationales

Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Online-Angebot

Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Dossier

Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten

Globalisierung

Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror

Terror

Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Kriege sehen heute anders aus als noch vor 100 oder 50 Jahren: oft stehen sich Staaten und bewaffnet...

Ground Zero

Ground Zero

Ungebrochen aktuell bleiben Fragen nach den Wurzeln und den Folgen der Terroranschläge vom 11. Sept...

Eine Geschichte des Krieges

Eine Geschichte des Krieges

Kriege durchziehen die Menschheitsgeschichte - doch erst in den vergangenen zwei Jahrhunderten bekam...

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