US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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03.04.2020

"Trump Seeks to Block 3M Mask Exports and Grab Masks From Its Overseas Customers"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/us/politics/coronavirus-trump-3m-masks.html

Berlin beklagt derzeit, dass eine Lieferung von 200.000 für die Polizei bestimmte Atemschutzmasken in Bangkok in die USA umgeleitet worden sei. Die New York Times berichtet vor diesem Hintergrund, dass die US-Regierung versuche, internationale Lieferungen von Atemschutzmasken der US-Firma 3M auf der Grundlage eines Gesetzes aus der Zeit des Koreakriegs abzufangen. "The Trump administration is using a Korean War-era law to redirect to the United States surgical masks manufactured by 3M in other countries as part of a heated pressure campaign to force the Minnesota company to cut off sales of surgical masks abroad. The policy is a significant expansion of the American government’s reach and a reversal of President Trump’s hesitant use of the Defense Production Act, which allows the administration to force a company to prioritize the U.S. government over competing orders. But in this case, the administration is invoking the law to compel 3M to send to the United States masks made in factories overseas and to stop exporting masks the company manufactures in the United States. Those moves, some trade and legal experts fear, could backfire and prompt foreign governments to clamp down on desperately needed medical necessities destined for the United States."

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29.03.2020

"What Sept. 11 Taught Us About Confronting Catastrophe"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/nyregion/coronavirus-nyc-sept-11.html?action=click&module=Top%20Storie
s&pgtype=Homepage

In New York habe die Coronakrise Erinnerungen an die Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 geweckt, berichtet Jim Dwyer. "Suzanne Pugh, the manager of emergency services at St. Vincent’s on 9/11, now does the same job at NewYork-Presbyterian Queens in Flushing, one of many hospitals where people sick with coronavirus seek help. 'Some of my staff were very young 19 years ago,' Ms. Pugh, 60, said. 'I speak on disaster preparedness, and sometimes I have to shake my head — 'Oh, yeah, you were 5 years old when this happened.'' New York is living the coronavirus disaster a few days ahead of most states on the epidemiological curve, so it offers a cram course on getting ready. It is as if the towers were falling in slow motion. As of Sunday, just under 60,000 people in the state had tested positive, and 1,000 have died."

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27.03.2020

"Pentagon Order to Plan for Escalation in Iraq Meets Warning From Top Commander"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/27/world/middleeast/pentagon-iran-iraq-militias-coronavirus.html

Das Pentagon plant, im Schatten der Corona-Pandemie eine umfangreiche Offensive gegen eine schiitische Miliz in Irak durchzuführen, die Angriffe gegen US-Truppen angedroht hat. General Robert P. White, hochrangigster US-Kommandeur vor Ort, habe vor der Operation gewarnt, berichtet die New York Times. "(…) the United States’ top commander in Iraq has warned that such a campaign could be bloody and counterproductive and risks war with Iran. In a blunt memo last week, the commander, Lt. Gen. Robert P. White, wrote that a new military campaign would also require thousands more American troops be sent to Iraq and divert resources from what has been the primary American military mission there: training Iraqi troops to combat the Islamic State. The Pentagon directive and General White’s response — both classified internal military communications — were described by several American officials with direct knowledge of their contents. The exchange comes amid a simmering fight inside the Trump administration over policy toward Iran and the course of America’s war in Iraq, which began just over 17 years ago."

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21.03.2020

"Coming to a Country Near You: A Russian Nuclear Power Plant"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/belarus-russia-nuclear.html

Das russische Staatsunternehmen Rosatom ist in Weißrussland, Litauen und anderen Ländern am Bau neuer Atomkraftwerke beteiligt. Ivan Nechepurenko und Andrew Higgins betrachten diese Aktivitäten als Teil einer geopolitischen Strategie Moskaus. "Russia’s success — it has sold more nuclear technology abroad since Mr. Putin came to power in 1999 than the United States, France, China, South Korea and Japan combined, according to a recent study — is in part commercial, generating lucrative contracts in Europe, Asia and even Africa to sustain Rosatom’s more than 250,000 engineers, researchers, salespeople and other employees. But it has also given Moscow a powerful geopolitical tool, locking clients like Belarus, but also members of the European Union like Hungary, into long-term dependency on Rosatom, and therefore the Russian state."

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04.03.2020

"A Balancing Act for Europe: Stop the Migrants, Support Greece, Assuage Turkey"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/04/world/europe/europe-migrants-turkey-greece.html

In der aktuellen Syrienkrise stehe die EU vor einem diplomatischen Balanceakt, schreibt Steven Erlanger. Die Krise sei zum Teil selbstverschuldet, da die mit dem Flüchtlingspakt von 2016 gewonnene Zeit nicht genutzt worden sei. "'It shows that Europe’s complete holiday from geopolitics always ends up being very costly,' said Mark Leonard, director of the European Council on Foreign Relations. 'Europe again is in full spectator mode, incredibly passive through the whole Idlib crisis, which was predictable and predicted.' (…) Robin Niblett, the director of Chatham House, (…) criticized the Europeans for their 'active absence from the Syrian conflict, the lack of strategic thinking and involvement.' He said there seemed to be a quiet European hope that Russia and Mr. Assad would simply finish the job in Syria, no matter how ugly it might get, given that Idlib is also the last refuge for a sizable contingent of Al Qaeda as well as other Islamist opponents to Mr. Assad. The same may hold for Libya, where France, for example, supports the strongman Khalifa Hifter along with Russia, while Turkey supports the weak U.N.-backed government. In a sense, Mr. Niblett said, there is the beginning of a more realist European foreign policy, which will continue to pay off Mr. Erdogan to avoid a new wave of refugees."

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28.02.2020

"To Take On the Coronavirus, Go Medieval on It"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/28/sunday-review/coronavirus-quarantine.html

Donald G. McNeil Jr. hält es für richtig und notwendig, für eine effektive Bekämpfung des Coronavirus auch auf restriktive Maßnahmen zu setzen. "There are two ways to fight epidemics: the medieval and the modern. The modern way is to surrender to the power of the pathogens: Acknowledge that they are unstoppable and to try to soften the blow with 20th-century inventions, including new vaccines, antibiotics, hospital ventilators and thermal cameras searching for people with fevers. The medieval way, inherited from the era of the Black Death, is brutal: Close the borders, quarantine the ships, pen terrified citizens up inside their poisoned cities. For the first time in more than a century, the world has chosen to confront a new and terrifying virus with the iron fist instead of the latex glove. (…) Officially, the World Health Organization opposes travel and trade restrictions. It reiterated that even as it declared the epidemic a global emergency on Jan. 30. But it now admits that they helped. The head of the W.H.O. team that visited China said this week that China 'took one of the most ancient strategies and rolled out one of the most ambitious, agile and aggressive disease-containment efforts in history.' The W.H.O.’s epidemic-modeling teams concluded that travel restrictions had slowed the spread of the virus outside China by two to three weeks."

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26.02.2020

"Coronavirus Nightmare Could Be the End for Europe’s Borderless Dream"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/26/world/europe/coronavirus-european-union.html?action=click&module=Top%2
0Stories&pgtype=Homepage

Matina Stevis-Gridneff schreibt, dass das Recht der EU-Bürger auf grenzüberschreitende Freizügigkeit durch die Coronavirus-Epidemie einen schweren Schlag erhalten habe. "This was the year — with Britain out, terrorism waning and the migrant crisis at an ebb — that the European Union had hoped to repair and revive its cherished goal of open internal borders. But cases of the virus have emerged nearly daily in new European countries — in Spain, Greece, Croatia, France, Switzerland and, on Wednesday, in Germany. Many of them can be traced back to Europe’s largest outbreak, in Italy, where more than 300 people are now infected. As the cases spread and multiply, calls for closing borders have grown louder, most predictably from the far right and populists who were never fans of the bloc’s open border policy. So far no country has taken that drastic step, but privately European officials warned that this could change quickly. (…) Europeans consider it one of the bloc’s biggest achievements. But if it has nurtured prosperity and become a fundamental building block of European identity, it has also, practically speaking, been suffering a death by a thousand cuts."

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20.02.2020

"What We, the Taliban, Want"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/20/opinion/taliban-afghanistan-war-haqqani.html

Der stellvertretende Taliban-Anführer Sirajuddin Haqqani hat vor der von vielen erwarteten Unterzeichnung eines Friedensabkommens mit den USA die Gelegenheit bekommen, in der New York Times die Erwartungen seiner Gruppe zu erläutern. Dabei äußert er sich auch zum Vorwurf, dass Afghanistan nach einem Abzug der US-Truppen erneut zur Basis "störender Gruppen" werden könnte. "We are also aware of concerns about the potential of Afghanistan being used by disruptive groups to threaten regional and world security. But these concerns are inflated: Reports about foreign groups in Afghanistan are politically motivated exaggerations by the warmongering players on all sides of the war. It is not in the interest of any Afghan to allow such groups to hijack our country and turn it into a battleground. We have already suffered enough from foreign interventions. We will take all measures in partnership with other Afghans to make sure the new Afghanistan is a bastion of stability and that nobody feels threatened on our soil. (…) We are about to sign an agreement with the United States and we are fully committed to carrying out its every single provision, in letter and spirit. Achieving the potential of the agreement, ensuring its success and earning lasting peace will depend on an equally scrupulous observance by the United States of each of its commitments. Only then can we have complete trust and lay the foundation for cooperation — or even a partnership — in the future."

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20.02.2020

"Far-Right Shooting Shatters an Already Fragile Sense of Security in Germany"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/20/world/europe/germany-hanau-shisha-bar-shooting.html

Der Anschlag in Hanau habe u.a. die verbreitete Vorstellung untergraben, dass der Rechtsextremismus in Deutschland vor allem ein Problem des Ostens sei, schreiben Jack Ewing and Melissa Eddy in der New York Times. "Many people in western Germany have regarded right-wing sentiment as largely an eastern German phenomenon. When waves of Syrians refugees arrived in 2015, they were barely noticed in some western cities where there were already large minority communities. In the aftermath of the attack, some residents wondered if the right-wing sentiment that had gripped other regions had finally arrived here. But Hanau has apparently long harbored right-wing sympathizers. In the last city elections, the far-right, anti-immigration Republikaner party received almost 10 percent of the votes.

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10.02.2020

"A Plea to Save the Last Nuclear Arms Treaty"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/opinion/albright-ivanov-nuclear-treaty.html

Die früheren Außenminister Madeleine Albright und Igor Ivanov appellieren in diesem gemeinsamen Beitrag für die New York Times für eine Verlängerung des New-START-Abkommens zur Begrenzung der strategischen Atomwaffen der USA und Russlands. "Right now, the most important thing to do is extend New START. Russia has indicated, at the highest levels, its willingness to do so. All that President Trump needs to do is agree. Legislative approval is not required. Time is critical. Doing nothing while waiting for a 'better' agreement is a recipe for disaster: We could lose New START and fail to replace it. The treaty’s agreed limits on nuclear arsenals are too important to be put at risk in a game of nuclear chicken. Moreover, we have an opportunity to improve security and rebuild trust between the world’s two great nuclear powers. It must not be thrown away."

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07.02.2020

"We asked the 2020 Democrats how they’d approach war and peace, diplomacy and national security. Here is what they said."

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/politics/2020-democrats-foreign-policy.html

Die New York Times hat die außenpolitischen Positionen der Präsidentschaftskandidaten der US-Demokraten in einem interaktiven Dossier zusammengestellt. "For most of the past year, the Democratic presidential campaign has been fought in the arena of domestic policy. But since President Trump ordered the killing of Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani last month, bringing the United States and Iran to the brink of war, foreign policy has become a more pressing concern. The Times sent a survey to the candidates about a range of foreign policy issues. We wanted to get a better sense not only of how they would handle specific conflicts and partnerships, but also of their broader approach to international relations. Here is what they said."

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06.01.2020

"The United States Bet Guaidó Could Transform Venezuela. It Hasn’t Happened."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/06/world/americas/guaido-venezuela-trump.html

Die Hoffnungen der US-Regierung auf eine schnelle Machtübernahme von Juan Guaidó in Venezuela haben sich der New York Times zufolge mittlerweile zerschlagen. Ein Jahr nach dem von Washington unterstützten Versuch eines Machtwechsels habe die US-Regierung nur wenig vorzuweisen. "Mr. Guaidó is so removed from power that, this weekend, he was barred from even entering the legislature, where he was seeking re-election as the body’s leader. In one dramatic moment, captured on video, a desperate Mr. Guaidó tried to scale the spiked metal fence that surrounds the assembly building. But government forces pulled him down while inside, Mr. Maduro’s supporters elected one of their allies to lead the legislature — a move intended to deprive Mr. Guaidó of the position that gives him legal cover to stake a rival claim on the presidency. (..) 'It’s impossible to overstate what a huge blow all of this is to U.S. strategy in Venezuela,' said Geoff Ramsey, director of the Venezuela program at the Washington Office on Latin America."

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03.01.2020

"A Shocked Iraq Reconsiders Its Relationship With the U.S."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/03/world/middleeast/us-iraq.html

Nach dem Attentat auf General Soleimani sei die militärische und sicherheitspolitische Allianz zwischen den USA und dem Irak mehr denn je gefährdet, berichtet die New York Times. "The question was already coursing through the halls of power in Baghdad, even as the Trump administration said Friday that it was rushing new troops to the region in response to the crisis. The airstrike on General Suleimani 'was a clear breach of the terms of the American forces’ presence,' [prime minister Adel Abdul Mahdi] said. He said that Parliament would meet in the coming days to consider 'appropriate measures to preserve the dignity of Iraq and its security and sovereignty,' including whether to ask the Americans to leave. (…) 'I think in his death he put the final nail in the coffin of the U.S. military presence in Iraq,' said Mohammad Shabani, a doctoral researcher at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London who focuses on Iran-Iraq relations. 'If Iran can erase the U.S. military presence in Iraq and all it has to do is give up five Iranian military men, would Iran do it? I think the answer is yes.' The United States has nearly 5,000 troops in Iraq on a handful of bases."

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28.12.2019

"'The Pendulum Has Swung Back': Latin America’s Corruption Fight Stalls"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/28/world/americas/latin-america-corruption.html

Der Kampf gegen die weit verbreitete Korruption in lateinamerikanischen Ländern wie Brasilien sei heute weitgehend zum Erliegen gekommen, stellen Ernesto Londoño und Letícia Casado in ihrer ausführlichen Reportage ernüchtert fest. "As discredited figures in business and politics mount comebacks, many of those who led the crusade against graft face retaliation. (…) All this has helped fuel widespread anger and distrust of the political establishment. Millions of Latin Americans have voted out incumbents and over the past few months have poured into the streets in enormous protests. (…) Brazil’s backsliding on corruption may be the most dramatic and consequential in the region, given how much prosecutors accomplished in a few years."

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26.12.2019

"With U.S. Help No Longer Assured, Saudis Try a New Strategy: Talks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/26/world/middleeast/saudi-iran-qatar-talks.html

Angesichts zunehmender Zweifel an der amerikanischen Bereitschaft, die Sicherheit Saudi-Arabiens zu garantieren, habe das Königshaus damit begonnen, seine Konflikte mit Nachbarstaaten in der Region auf diplomatische Weise anzugehen, berichten Declan Walsh und Ben Hubbard. "The prince, Mohammed bin Salman, has stepped up direct talks with the rebels he has been fighting in Yemen for over four years, leading to a decline in attacks by both sides. He has made gestures to ease, if not end, the stifling blockade he and his allies imposed on his tiny, wealthy neighbor, Qatar. He has even engaged in indirect talks with the kingdom’s archnemesis, Iran, to try to dampen the shadow war raging across the region. Fueling the shift from confrontation to negotiation, analysts say, is the sobering realization that a decades-old cornerstone of American policy in the Middle East — the understanding that the United States would defend the Saudi oil industry from foreign attacks — can no longer be taken for granted."

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21.12.2019

"Total Surveillance Is Not What America Signed Up For"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/21/opinion/location-data-privacy-rights.html

Die New York Times warnt in diesem Leitartikel vor den Gefahren einer unbegrenzten Sammlung und kommerziellen Auswertung von digitalen Nutzerdaten durch private Unternehmen. "If the government ordered Americans to continuously provide such precise, real-time information about themselves, there would be a revolt. Members of Congress would trample one another to be first in front of the cable news cameras to quote the founders and insist on our rights to be free of such pervasive surveillance. Yet, as a society, without ever focusing on this profound choice, we’ve reached a tacit consensus to hand this data over voluntarily, even though we don’t really know who’s getting it or what they’re doing with it. As the close of 2019 approaches, everybody is searching for the meaning of the decade. Here’s a thought: This is the decade — the period since the founding of the App Store, in 2008 — in which we were brainwashed into surveilling ourselves."

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20.12.2019

"You Should Be Freaking Out About Privacy"

https://www.nytimes.com/video/opinion/100000006794185/privacy-surveillance-video.html

Die New York Times erklärt in diesem Video, welch umfassenden Einblick Tech-Unternehmen bereits heute in die Privatsphäre ihrer Nutzer haben. Viele Bürger unterschätzten das Ausmaß ihrer digitalen Überwachung immer noch. "Nothing to hide, nothing to fear? Think again."

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11.12.2019

"We Just Got a Rare Look at National Security Surveillance. It Was Ugly."

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/11/us/politics/fisa-surveillance-fbi.html

In den USA werde der neue Untersuchungsbericht des Generalinspekteurs des US-Justizministeriums, Michael Horowitz, über die FBI-Ermittlungen zu angeblichen Beziehungen des Wahlkampfteams Donald Trumps zu Russland entlang bekannter Parteilinien diskutiert, stellt Charlie Savage fest. Der Bericht gewähre allerdings einen verstörenden Einblick in staatliche Überwachungsmöglichkeiten, der über parteipolitische Positionen hinausgehe. "The Justice Department’s independent inspector general, Michael E. Horowitz, and his team uncovered a staggeringly dysfunctional and error-ridden process in how the F.B.I. went about obtaining and renewing court permission under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, to wiretap Carter Page, a former Trump campaign adviser. 'The litany of problems with the Carter Page surveillance applications demonstrates how the secrecy shrouding the government’s one-sided FISA approval process breeds abuse,' said Hina Shamsi, the director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s National Security Project. 'The concerns the inspector general identifies apply to intrusive investigations of others, including especially Muslims, and far better safeguards against abuse are necessary.'"

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04.12.2019

"What the C.I.A.’s Torture Program Looked Like to the Tortured"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/04/us/politics/cia-torture-drawings.html

Die New York Times veröffentlicht Zeichnungen von Abu Zubaydah, der vier Jahre in Geheimgefängnissen der CIA verhört und gefoltert wurde. Carol Rosenberg schreibt, dass die Skizzen einen Eindruck von den Foltermethoden vermitteln, der über die klinische Sprache offizieller Untersuchungsberichte hinausgehe. "Published here for the first time, they are gritty and highly personal depictions that put flesh, bones and emotion on what until now had sometimes been portrayed in popular culture in sanitized or inaccurate ways: the so-called enhanced interrogations techniques used by the United States in secret overseas prisons during a feverish pursuit of Al Qaeda after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. In each illustration, Mr. Zubaydah — the first person to be subject to the interrogation program approved by President George W. Bush’s administration — portrays the particular techniques as he says they were used on him at a C.I.A. black site in Thailand in August 2002. A spotlight on the people reshaping our politics. A conversation with voters across the country. And a guiding hand through the endless news cycle, telling you what you really need to know. They demonstrate how, more than a decade after the Obama administration outlawed the program — and then went on to partly declassify a Senate study that found the C.I.A. lied about both its effectiveness and its brutality — the final chapter of the black sites has yet to be written."

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28.11.2019

"Time Is Running Out for Trump’s North Korean Diplomacy, Analysts Say"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/28/world/asia/north-korea-trump-nuclear-talks-deadline.html

Das Zeitfenster für einen Durchbruch in den stockenden Verhandlungen zwischen den USA und Nordkorea beginne sich nach Ansicht einiger Experten zu schließen, berichtet Choe Sang-Hun. Nordkorea habe den USA bis zum Ende des Jahres Zeit für neue Vorschläge gegeben, was von US-Diplomaten allerdings als "Bluff" betrachtet werde. "The looming deadline — which North Korea has issued repeated warnings about — carries the implicit threat that the country could return to its alarming behavior of the past by ending its self-imposed moratorium on nuclear tests and launching long-range missiles capable of hitting American cities. On Thursday, it launched two short-range rockets, its 13th rocket or missile test since May. (…) Some analysts say the deadline shows how badly Mr. Kim wants a deal so that he can finally deliver on a promise to his people to lift sanctions and rebuild the country’s ailing economy. North Korea’s increasingly urgent statements in recent weeks are designed to pressure Washington to return to the negotiating table with a more flexible proposal, they say."

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25.11.2019

"U.S. Resumes Large-Scale Operations Against ISIS in Northern Syria"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/25/us/politics/us-syria-isis.html

Fast zwei Monate nach dem Abzug von US-Truppen aus Nordsyrien habe das US-Militär seine enge Kooperation mit kurdischen Milizen bei der Bekämpfung des "Islamischen Staates" wieder fortgesetzt, berichtet Eric Schmitt. "The new operations show that despite Mr. Trump’s earlier demand for a complete withdrawal of all American forces from Syria, the president still has some 500 troops in the country, many of them in combat, for the foreseeable future. (…) American commandos and their Syrian Kurdish partners conducted some low-level missions after the withdrawal order. But General McKenzie said that since Americans and Kurds had regrouped in a much smaller area east of the Euphrates River and into Syria’s far northeast along the border with Iraq, they could resume bigger missions against ISIS. This past Friday, American soldiers and hundreds of Syrian Kurdish fighters — the same local allies the Trump administration abandoned to fend for themselves against the Turkish advance last month — reunited to conduct what the Pentagon said was a large-scale mission to kill and capture ISIS fighters in Deir al-Zour province, about 120 miles south of the Turkish border."

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23.11.2019

"Merkel and Macron Publicly Clash Over NATO"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/23/world/europe/nato-france-germany.html?searchResultPosition=1

Bei einem Treffen in Brüssel ist es Steven Erlanger zufolge zu einem ungewöhnlich offenen Wortwechsel zwischen Präsident Macron und Bundeskanzlerin Merkel gekommen. "At a dinner to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, [Merkel] huddled with President Emmanuel Macron of France, who had just given an interview in which he cited the 'brain death' of NATO and wondered whether its commitment to collective defense still held. (…) 'I understand your desire for disruptive politics,' Ms. Merkel said. 'But I’m tired of picking up the pieces. Over and over, I have to glue together the cups you have broken so that we can then sit down and have a cup of tea together.' Mr. Macron defended himself, saying that he could not simply go to a NATO meeting in London in early December and pretend that the United States and Turkey had behaved in the collective interest in Syria. (…) The conversation underscores the serious strains in the Franco-German relationship and the tensions surrounding the abbreviated NATO meeting on the outskirts of London, which was carefully downgraded from a summit to a gathering of leaders to celebrate the alliance’s 70th anniversary."

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17.11.2019

"Turkey’s Deportations Force Europe to Face Its ISIS Militants"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/17/world/europe/turkey-isis-fighters-europe.html

Mit seiner Entscheidung, IS-Anhänger in ihre Heimatländer abzuschieben, habe der türkische Präsident Erdogan die Europäer gezwungen, sich diesem Problem endlich zu stellen, schreiben Norimitsu Onishi und Elian Peltier. "The sudden problem for Europe is a long-tail consequence of President Trump’s precipitous decision last month to withdraw American forces from northern Syria, which cleared the way for Turkey to take control of territory as well as many of the Islamic State members who had been held there in Kurdish-run prisons or detention camps. The issue is further complicated by the fact that nearly two-thirds of the Western European detainees, or about 700, are children, many of whom have lost one parent, if not both. (…) The deteriorating situation in northern Syria, some experts say, further increases the need for an orderly repatriation to Europe. Left in Syria, more detainees could fall into the hands of Turkish forces or the Syrian government, which could use them as bargaining chips with the West. Others could run away and try to regroup, or be taken back by Islamic State sleeper cells, as is feared in the case of some women who recently escaped from a camp in the region."

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16.11.2019

"'Absolutely No Mercy': Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/16/world/asia/china-xinjiang-documents.html

Die New York Times ist an mehr als 400 geheime Dokumente der chinesischen Regierung gelangt, die einen Eindruck vom Unterdrückungssystem gegen muslimische Minderheiten vermitteln. "They provide an unprecedented inside view of the continuing clampdown in Xinjiang, in which the authorities have corralled as many as a million ethnic Uighurs, Kazakhs and others into internment camps and prisons over the past three years. The party has rejected international criticism of the camps and described them as job-training centers that use mild methods to fight Islamic extremism. But the documents confirm the coercive nature of the crackdown in the words and orders of the very officials who conceived and orchestrated it."

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15.11.2019

"Ethnic Rifts in Bolivia Burst Into View With Fall of Evo Morales"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/15/world/americas/morales-bolivia-Indigenous-racism.html

Der erzwungene Rücktritt von Präsident Morales habe in Bolivien ethnische Gräben offengelegt, berichten Anatoly Kurmanaev und Clifford Krauss. Indigene Bolivianer fürchten demnach den Verlust ihres hart erkämpften politischen Einflusses. "Mr. Morales, a champion of the Indigenous, has now been replaced by an acting president of European descent, and resentments have surfaced. Police officers have ripped the Indigenous insignia off their uniforms. Protesters have burned the Indigenous flag. And the acting president, who posted tweets many consider racist, initially appointed a cabinet without a single Indigenous member. 'We feel threatened,' said Juan Acume, a farmer from the Quechua, an Indigenous group, near a protest barricade of earth mounds and tree trunks across Bolivia’s main highway on Wednesday night. 'They don’t represent us; they reject us, the Indigenous.'"

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12.11.2019

"Bolivia Crisis Shows the Blurry Line Between Coup and Uprising"

http://https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/12/world/americas/bolivia-evo-morales-coup.html

Die kontroversen Umstände des Rücktritts des bolivianischen Präsidenten Morales haben eine Debatte darüber ausgelöst, ob es sich bei dem Umsturz um einen "Putsch" oder um eine "Revolte" handle. Nach Ansicht von Max Fisher lässt sich diese Frage nicht so einfach beantworten, da beide Seiten gute Argumente hätten. "(…) the coexistence of the two interpretations hints at an important truth, scholars say: The line between coups and revolts can be blurry, even nonexistent. Often, they are one and the same: mass public uprisings alongside military defections that compel the resignation or removal of a country’s leader. But the overlapping terms often carry moral connotations that could not be more divergent: Coups, in today’s understanding, are to be condemned; revolts are to be championed. 'People who get hung up on whether or not something is a coup or a revolution are missing the point,' said Naunihal Singh, a leading scholar of power transitions and coups. 'The question is what happens next.' That has opened space for a kind of linguistic warfare, in which a political takeover can be portrayed as legitimate by labeling it a revolt, or illegitimate by terming it a coup."

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04.11.2019

"Iraqis Rise Against a Reviled Occupier: Iran"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/04/world/middleeast/iraq-protests-iran.html

In Irak stoße die Einmischung des Irans in irakische Angelegenheiten immer stärker auf öffentlichen Widerwillen, berichtet Alissa J. Rubin. Die andauernden Massenproteste gegen die Regierung richteten sich auch gegen Teherans Einfluss in Bagdad. "While the current leaders of the Iraqi government cower inside the Green Zone, where officials running the American occupation once sheltered, the protesters outside direct their anger against the Islamic Republic of Iran, which they now see as having too much influence. 'Free, free Iraq,' they shout, 'Iran get out, get out.' (…) 'The revolution is not anti-American, it is anti-Iran, it is anti-religion — anti-political religion, not religion as such,' said Saad Eskander, the former head of the Iraqi National Archives. The protesters, he said, were fed up with corruption and the Shiite militias, some of which have evolved into mafias running extortion rackets. But more than that, he added, this is 'a revolution with a social dimension. In Iraq, patriotism was always political, now it has a social justice component.' While Iran is the immediate target of the protesters’ wrath, the fight is larger than that. It is a struggle between younger Iraqis and an older, more cautious generation, between a political elite and a rising cohort that rejects their leadership."

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01.11.2019

"Trump’s Opposition to ‘Endless Wars’ Appeals to Those Who Fought Them"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/01/us/politics/veterans-trump-iraq-afghanistan.html

US-Präsident Trump hat den Rückzug von US-Truppen aus Syrien mit seiner grundsätzlichen Ablehnung der "endlosen Kriege" der USA begründet. Unter US-Veteranen stößt diese Position Jennifer Steinhauer zufolge auf große Zustimmung. "Nearly two decades after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, polls show that a majority of all veterans have grown disenchanted with the continuing wars, even if the national security elite in both parties continue to press for an American military presence in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. The view is in stark contrast to widespread support for the wars across the military and veterans community — and the general population — when President George W. Bush first sent American troops to Afghanistan and then Iraq. The shifting attitudes of so many who served in the wars help explain why Mr. Trump has support among veterans as he brings troops home and has resisted military action against other nations. There is a slow but steadily increasing alliance of those on the left and the right on Capitol Hill to curb what Mr. Trump calls 'endless wars.'"

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30.10.2019

"Hundreds of U.S. Troops Leaving, and Also Arriving in, Syria"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/30/world/middleeast/us-troops-syria-trump.html

Am Ende der aktuellen US-Truppenbewegungen in Syrien könnten fast genauso viele Soldaten vor Ort aktiv sein wie vor dem von Präsident Trump angeordneten Truppenabzug, stellen Eric Schmitt und Helene Cooper fest. "Every day in northeastern Syria, waves of American troops are pulling out under President Trump’s order this month that paved the way for a Turkish offensive that included assaults on the Pentagon’s allies, the Syrian Kurds. And at the same time, a separate wave of American troops from the opposite direction is pouring back in. In fact, once the comings and goings are done, the total number of United States forces in Syria is expected to be about 900 — close to the 1,000 troops on the ground when Mr. Trump ordered the withdrawal of American forces from the country. 'It’s damage control,' said Alexander Bick, a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, who oversaw Syria issues at the National Security Council in the Obama administration."

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28.10.2019

"How to Really Make the Death of ISIS’s Leader Bigger Than Bin Laden’s"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/28/opinion/isis-baghdadi-bin-laden.html?action=click&module=Opinion&pgtyp
e=Homepage

Nach dem Tod des IS-Anführers al-Baghdadi empfiehlt Hassan Hassan, Co-Autor des Buches "ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror", die weitere Präsenz von US-Truppen in Syrien, um in einer kritischen Phase den Druck auf die Terrormiliz aufrechtzuerhalten. "That the Islamic State can easily survive the loss of its top leader is not as straightforward a proposition as seems to be widely believed. (…) Mr. al-Baghdadi’s oversight was vital in guiding ISIS’s current transition from governing body to effective underground organization. Captured commanders have testified to Iraqi and Kurdish troops about his involvement in day-to-day affairs, and the meetings he held with different regional heads. (…) Pressure against ISIS now may not end the group — its rigid and hard-line ideology thrives amid the conflict and authoritarianism in the region. But it can change the group in the same way Al Qaeda changed after 9/11, to become locally focused and, ultimately, weaker. Since losing ground in Syria and Iraq, ISIS had already started focusing on building its regional affiliates rather than conducting attacks in the West. That trend could continue if pressure against it persists — pressure, say, in the form of continuing American presence in Syria to train local forces and detect any resurgent Islamic State activities until a robust political settlement to resolve the Syrian conflict can be reached. The alternative is unthinkable."

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