US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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03.08.2020

"Turkish Aggression Is NATO’s 'Elephant in the Room'"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/03/world/europe/turkey-nato.html

Das zunehmend feindselige Auftreten der Türkei gegenüber seinen Partnerländern werde unter NATO- und EU-Diplomaten in Brüssel nur ungern diskutiert, berichtet Steven Erlanger. "A NATO member since 1952, Turkey is too big, powerful and strategically important — it is the crossroads of Europe and Asia — to allow an open confrontation, alliance officials suggest. (…) A more aggressive, nationalist and religious Turkey is increasingly at odds with its Western allies over Libya, Syria, Iraq, Russia and the energy resources of the eastern Mediterranean. Turkey’s tilt toward strongman rule after 17 years with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the helm also has unsettled other NATO members. (…) Despite that, Turkey is getting a kind of free pass, analysts say, its path having been cleared by a lack of consistent U.S. leadership, exacerbated by President Trump’s contempt for NATO and his clear admiration for Mr. Erdogan."

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29.07.2020

"Latin America Is Facing a 'Decline of Democracy' Under the Pandemic"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/29/world/americas/latin-america-democracy-pandemic.html

In Lateinamerika bedrohe die Coronakrise nicht nur die Gesundheit und die Wirtschaft, sondern auch die oft ohnehin "fragilen" politischen Freiheiten, berichtet Anatoly Kurmanaev. "As the coronavirus pandemic tears through Latin America and the Caribbean, killing more than 180,000 and destroying the livelihoods of tens of millions in the region, it is also undermining democratic norms that were already under strain. Leaders ranging from the center-right to the far left have used the crisis as justification to extend their time in office, weaken oversight of government actions and silence critics — actions that under different circumstances would be described as authoritarian and antidemocratic but that now are being billed as lifesaving measures to curb the spread of the disease. The gradual undermining of democratic rules during an economic crisis and public health catastrophe could leave Latin America primed for slower growth and an increase in corruption and human rights abuses, experts warned."

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19.07.2020

"China Is Using Uighur Labor to Produce Face Masks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/19/world/asia/china-mask-forced-labor.html

Informationen der New York Times zufolge fertigen einige chinesische Unternehmen die in der Coronakrise stark nachgefragten Gesichtsmasken möglicherweise mit Hilfe von uigurischen Zwangsarbeitern an. "The companies produce equipment primarily for domestic use, but The Times identified several other companies outside Xinjiang that use Uighur labor and export globally. We traced a shipment of face masks to a medical supply company in the U.S. state of Georgia from a factory in China’s Hubei Province, where more than 100 Uighur workers had been sent. The workers are required to learn Mandarin and pledge their loyalty to China at weekly flag-raising ceremonies. (…) 'There are these coercive quotas that cause people to be put into factory work when they don’t want to be,' said Amy K. Lehr, the director of the Human Rights Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 'And that could be considered forced labor under international law.'"

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11.07.2020

"Defying U.S., China and Iran Near Trade and Military Partnership"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/11/world/asia/china-iran-trade-military-deal.html

China und Iran bereiten der New York Times zufolge die Unterzeichnung eines umfassenden Vertrags zur wirtschaftlichen und sicherheitspolitischen Zusammenarbeit vor. Die neue Partnerschaft würde Pekings Einfluss im Nahen Osten erheblich ausweiten und Teheran dringend benötige ökonomische Unterstützung sichern. "The partnership, detailed in an 18-page proposed agreement obtained by The New York Times, would vastly expand Chinese presence in banking, telecommunications, ports, railways and dozens of other projects. In exchange, China would receive a regular — and, according to an Iranian official and an oil trader, heavily discounted — supply of Iranian oil over the next 25 years. The document also describes deepening military cooperation, potentially giving China a foothold in a region that has been a strategic preoccupation of the United States for decades. It calls for joint training and exercises, joint research and weapons development and intelligence sharing — all to fight 'the lopsided battle with terrorism, drug and human trafficking and cross-border crimes.' (…) If put into effect as detailed, the partnership would create new and potentially dangerous flash points in the deteriorating relationship between China and the United States."

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11.07.2020

"Caught Between Indian and Chinese Troops, at 15,000 Feet"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/11/world/asia/india-china-border-ladakh.html

Jeffrey Gettleman berichtet in seiner Reportage von der angespannten Lage an der chinesisch-indischen Grenze im Himalaja. "Now, weeks after a deadly brawl erupted along the border, thousands of Chinese and Indian troops are amassed over a contentious, jagged line in one of the most remote places on earth. Satellite photos reveal a major Chinese buildup, including a blizzard of new tents, new storage sheds, artillery pieces and even tanks. Each country has accused the other of provocative actions along the murky border. But according to people who live and work in the region, Ladakh, a Chinese push into Indian territory has been building for years. (…) The Ladakhis caught in between are a fragile group, numbering perhaps a few hundred thousand. They are Tibetan in culture, identify themselves as Indian and have long been pulled in different directions at the edges of empire. 'If we don’t speak now, it will be too late,' said Rigzin Spalbar, a Ladakhi politician. 'The Chinese have intruded and encroached on our land. Even the media is not telling the truth. They are only showing the things that the government wants to them to show.'"

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28.06.2020

"Spies and Commandos Warned Months Ago of Russian Bounties on U.S. Troops"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/28/us/politics/russian-bounties-warnings-trump.html

Die New York Times untermauert den Vorwurf, dass russische Geheimdienste in Afghanistan "Kopfgelder" auf US-Soldaten ausgesetzt hätten, mit einem weiteren Artikel. "The crucial information that led the spies and commandos to focus on the bounties included the recovery of a large amount of American cash from a raid on a Taliban outpost that prompted suspicions. Interrogations of captured militants and criminals played a central role in making the intelligence community confident in its assessment that the Russians had offered and paid bounties in 2019, another official has said. Armed with this information, military and intelligence officials have been reviewing American and other coalition combat casualties over the past 18 months to determine whether any were victims of the plot. Four Americans were killed in combat in early 2020, but the Taliban have not attacked American positions since a February agreement to end the long-running war in Afghanistan."

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21.06.2020

"Will India Side With the West Against China? A Test Is at Hand"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/19/world/asia/india-china-border.html

Der aktuelle Grenzkonflikt im Himalaja könnte Indien dazu bewegen, dem jahrelangen westlichen Drängen nach einer engeren Partnerschaft nachzugeben, schreibt Maria Abi-Habib. "With China facing new scrutiny and criticism over the coronavirus pandemic, Indian officials have recently seemed emboldened, taking steps that made Western diplomats feel that their goal of an India closer to the West was starting to be realized. And some believe the friction with China will push India even further in that direction. (…) One Western diplomat felt that the coronavirus crisis had made India more eager to build stronger relationships to help it deal with China, and that diplomacy with India was going more smoothly than ever before. 'Everyone is more willing, privately, to talk about what to do with China in a post-Covid world,' the diplomat said speaking on condition of anonymity. 'The ways that China has influenced that world order can now more easily be discussed as we are all trying to figure out what the new world order is.' 'India represents one path,' the diplomat added, 'and China represents another.'"

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20.06.2020

"Latin America’s Virus Villains: Corrupt Officials Collude With Price Gougers for Body Bags and Flimsy Masks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/20/world/americas/coronavirus-latin-america-corruption.html

In Lateinamerika habe die Corona-Pandemie "verheerende" Folgen, berichten Natalie Kitroeff und Mitra Taj. Die verbreitete Korruption innerhalb staatlicher Institutionen trage dazu erheblich bei. "Even as Latin America has emerged as an epicenter of the pandemic, with deaths and infections soaring, efforts to contain the crisis have been undermined by a litany of corruption scandals. Dozens of public officials and local entrepreneurs stand accused of exploiting the crisis for personal enrichment by peddling influence to price-gouge hospitals and governments for medical supplies, including masks, sanitizer and ventilators. Some of the gear was so flawed that it was rendered useless — and may have contributed to even more sickness and death. (…) Coronavirus is testing nations that were struggling with corruption long before confronting a global health emergency. Presidents in Brazil, Peru and Guatemala have been forced from office in cases of bribery and kickbacks over the years. But the pandemic has broadened the opportunities for public officials in Latin America to pilfer from state coffers, corruption experts say. Declaring a state of emergency, several countries suspended some regulations governing public contracts, paused in-person congressional sessions or did away with rules requiring them to respond to media requests for information."

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17.06.2020

"As Kim Jong-un Turns Hostile to South Korea, His Sister Does the Talking"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/17/world/asia/north-korea-kim-yo-jong.html

Kim Yo-jong präsentiere sich mit ihrem Auftreten im aktuellen Konfrontationskurs Nordkoreas als potentielle Nachfolgerin ihres Bruders Kim Jong-un, schreibt Choe Sang-Hun. "Her influence in a hierarchy studded with aging generals and party secretaries derives from the 'revolutionary blood' coursing through her body. She is a granddaughter of Kim Il-sung, North Korea’s founder, who is still revered as a godlike figure in the North. That makes her a potential candidate — even in the North’s deeply patriarchal culture — to replace her brother, who is believed to be 36, should he die or become incapacitated. Ms. Kim’s systematic rise adds a sense of continuity to North Korea’s succession plans, analysts said. In North Korea, future top leaders must build credentials as someone who can stand up against South Korea and the United States. 'What we see right now is North Korea working out a contingency succession plan in case Kim Jong-un’s health goes bad,' said Yoo Dong-ryul, a North Korea specialist at the Korea Institute for Liberal Democracy in Seoul."

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11.05.2020

"China Is Defensive. The U.S. Is Absent. Can the Rest of the World Fill the Void?"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/11/world/australia/coronavirus-china-inquiry.html

Damien Cave und Isabella Kwai berichten, dass Länder wie Australien derzeit neue Bündnisstrategien testen, um das durch die amerikanische und chinesische Führungsschwäche entstandene internationale Vakuum zu füllen. Erster Anlass sei das von Australien vorangetriebene Bemühen, mehr über die Ursachen der Corona-Pandemie herauszufinden. "Confronting a once-in-a-generation crisis, the world’s middle powers are urgently trying to revive the old norms of can-do multilateralism. Countries in Europe and Asia are forging new bonds on issues like public health and trade, planning for a future built on what they see as the pandemic’s biggest lessons: that the risks of China’s authoritarian government can no longer be denied, and that the United States cannot be relied on to lead when it’s struggling to keep people alive and working, and its foreign policy is increasingly 'America first.' The middle-power dynamic may last only as long as the virus. But if it continues, it could offer an alternative to the decrees and demands of the world’s two superpowers."

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26.04.2020

"To Pressure Iran, Pompeo Turns to the Deal Trump Renounced"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/26/world/middleeast/us-iran-nuclear-deal-pompeo.html

US-Außenminister Pompeo bereitet David E. Sanger zufolge ein rechtliches Argument vor, dem zufolge die USA eine im internationalen Atomabkommen mit dem Iran festgelegte Wiedereinsetzung von UN-Sanktionen gegen Teheran verlangen können. Die USA betrachteten sich in dieser Perspektive weiterhin als "Teilnehmerstaat" des Abkommens. "The strategy has been described in recent days by administration officials as they begin to circulate a new resolution in the Security Council that would bar countries from exporting conventional arms to Iran after the current ban expires in October. Any effort to renew the arms embargo is almost certain to be opposed by Russia and, publicly or quietly, by China. The Russians have already told American and European officials they are eager to resume conventional arms sales to Iran. In an effort to force the issue, Mr. Pompeo has approved a plan, bound to be opposed by many of Washington’s European allies, under which the United States would, in essence, claim it legally remains a 'participant state' in the nuclear accord that Mr. Trump has denounced — but only for the purposes of invoking a 'snapback' that would restore the U.N. sanctions on Iran that were in place before the accord."

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23.04.2020

"'Sadness' and Disbelief From a World Missing American Leadership"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/23/world/europe/coronavirus-american-exceptionalism.html

Die Corona-Pandemie ist Katrin Bennhold zufolge die erste globale Krise seit über einem Jahrhundert, in der eine amerikanische Führungsrolle weder erwartet werde noch wahrscheinlich sei. "The pandemic sweeping the globe has done more than take lives and livelihoods from New Delhi to New York. It is shaking fundamental assumptions about American exceptionalism — the special role the United States played for decades after World War II as the reach of its values and power made it a global leader and example to the world. (…) The pandemic has exposed the strengths and weaknesses of just about every society, [Dominique Moïsi, a political scientist and senior adviser at the Paris-based Institut Montaigne,] noted. It has demonstrated the strength of, and suppression of information by, an authoritarian Chinese state as it imposed a lockdown in the city of Wuhan. It has shown the value of Germany’s deep well of public trust and collective spirit, even as it has underscored the country’s reluctance to step up forcefully and lead Europe. And in the United States, it has exposed two great weaknesses that, in the eyes of many Europeans, have compounded one another: the erratic leadership of Mr. Trump, who has devalued expertise and often refused to follow the advice of his scientific advisers, and the absence of a robust public health care system and social safety net."

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22.04.2020

"'Instead of Coronavirus, the Hunger Will Kill Us.' A Global Food Crisis Looms."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/22/world/africa/coronavirus-hunger-crisis.html

Abdi Latif Dahir berichtet anlässlich der UN-Warnung vor einer globalen Hungersnot "biblischen Ausmaßes", dass die Corona-Pandemie die Lebensmittelversorgung für Millionen Menschen in den ärmsten Gebieten der Welt unterbrochen habe. "The coronavirus pandemic has brought hunger to millions of people around the world. National lockdowns and social distancing measures are drying up work and incomes, and are likely to disrupt agricultural production and supply routes — leaving millions to worry how they will get enough to eat. The coronavirus has sometimes been called an equalizer because it has sickened both rich and poor, but when it comes to food, the commonality ends. It is poor people, including large segments of poorer nations, who are now going hungry and facing the prospect of starving. (…) This hunger crisis, experts say, is global and caused by a multitude of factors linked to the coronavirus pandemic and the ensuing interruption of the economic order: the sudden loss in income for countless millions who were already living hand-to-mouth; the collapse in oil prices; widespread shortages of hard currency from tourism drying up; overseas workers not having earnings to send home; and ongoing problems like climate change, violence, population dislocations and humanitarian disasters."

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03.04.2020

"Trump Seeks to Block 3M Mask Exports and Grab Masks From Its Overseas Customers"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/us/politics/coronavirus-trump-3m-masks.html

Berlin beklagt derzeit, dass eine Lieferung von 200.000 für die Polizei bestimmte Atemschutzmasken in Bangkok in die USA umgeleitet worden sei. Die New York Times berichtet vor diesem Hintergrund, dass die US-Regierung versuche, internationale Lieferungen von Atemschutzmasken der US-Firma 3M auf der Grundlage eines Gesetzes aus der Zeit des Koreakriegs abzufangen. "The Trump administration is using a Korean War-era law to redirect to the United States surgical masks manufactured by 3M in other countries as part of a heated pressure campaign to force the Minnesota company to cut off sales of surgical masks abroad. The policy is a significant expansion of the American government’s reach and a reversal of President Trump’s hesitant use of the Defense Production Act, which allows the administration to force a company to prioritize the U.S. government over competing orders. But in this case, the administration is invoking the law to compel 3M to send to the United States masks made in factories overseas and to stop exporting masks the company manufactures in the United States. Those moves, some trade and legal experts fear, could backfire and prompt foreign governments to clamp down on desperately needed medical necessities destined for the United States."

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29.03.2020

"What Sept. 11 Taught Us About Confronting Catastrophe"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/nyregion/coronavirus-nyc-sept-11.html?action=click&module=Top%20Storie
s&pgtype=Homepage

In New York habe die Coronakrise Erinnerungen an die Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 geweckt, berichtet Jim Dwyer. "Suzanne Pugh, the manager of emergency services at St. Vincent’s on 9/11, now does the same job at NewYork-Presbyterian Queens in Flushing, one of many hospitals where people sick with coronavirus seek help. 'Some of my staff were very young 19 years ago,' Ms. Pugh, 60, said. 'I speak on disaster preparedness, and sometimes I have to shake my head — 'Oh, yeah, you were 5 years old when this happened.'' New York is living the coronavirus disaster a few days ahead of most states on the epidemiological curve, so it offers a cram course on getting ready. It is as if the towers were falling in slow motion. As of Sunday, just under 60,000 people in the state had tested positive, and 1,000 have died."

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27.03.2020

"Pentagon Order to Plan for Escalation in Iraq Meets Warning From Top Commander"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/27/world/middleeast/pentagon-iran-iraq-militias-coronavirus.html

Das Pentagon plant, im Schatten der Corona-Pandemie eine umfangreiche Offensive gegen eine schiitische Miliz in Irak durchzuführen, die Angriffe gegen US-Truppen angedroht hat. General Robert P. White, hochrangigster US-Kommandeur vor Ort, habe vor der Operation gewarnt, berichtet die New York Times. "(…) the United States’ top commander in Iraq has warned that such a campaign could be bloody and counterproductive and risks war with Iran. In a blunt memo last week, the commander, Lt. Gen. Robert P. White, wrote that a new military campaign would also require thousands more American troops be sent to Iraq and divert resources from what has been the primary American military mission there: training Iraqi troops to combat the Islamic State. The Pentagon directive and General White’s response — both classified internal military communications — were described by several American officials with direct knowledge of their contents. The exchange comes amid a simmering fight inside the Trump administration over policy toward Iran and the course of America’s war in Iraq, which began just over 17 years ago."

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21.03.2020

"Coming to a Country Near You: A Russian Nuclear Power Plant"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/belarus-russia-nuclear.html

Das russische Staatsunternehmen Rosatom ist in Weißrussland, Litauen und anderen Ländern am Bau neuer Atomkraftwerke beteiligt. Ivan Nechepurenko und Andrew Higgins betrachten diese Aktivitäten als Teil einer geopolitischen Strategie Moskaus. "Russia’s success — it has sold more nuclear technology abroad since Mr. Putin came to power in 1999 than the United States, France, China, South Korea and Japan combined, according to a recent study — is in part commercial, generating lucrative contracts in Europe, Asia and even Africa to sustain Rosatom’s more than 250,000 engineers, researchers, salespeople and other employees. But it has also given Moscow a powerful geopolitical tool, locking clients like Belarus, but also members of the European Union like Hungary, into long-term dependency on Rosatom, and therefore the Russian state."

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04.03.2020

"A Balancing Act for Europe: Stop the Migrants, Support Greece, Assuage Turkey"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/04/world/europe/europe-migrants-turkey-greece.html

In der aktuellen Syrienkrise stehe die EU vor einem diplomatischen Balanceakt, schreibt Steven Erlanger. Die Krise sei zum Teil selbstverschuldet, da die mit dem Flüchtlingspakt von 2016 gewonnene Zeit nicht genutzt worden sei. "'It shows that Europe’s complete holiday from geopolitics always ends up being very costly,' said Mark Leonard, director of the European Council on Foreign Relations. 'Europe again is in full spectator mode, incredibly passive through the whole Idlib crisis, which was predictable and predicted.' (…) Robin Niblett, the director of Chatham House, (…) criticized the Europeans for their 'active absence from the Syrian conflict, the lack of strategic thinking and involvement.' He said there seemed to be a quiet European hope that Russia and Mr. Assad would simply finish the job in Syria, no matter how ugly it might get, given that Idlib is also the last refuge for a sizable contingent of Al Qaeda as well as other Islamist opponents to Mr. Assad. The same may hold for Libya, where France, for example, supports the strongman Khalifa Hifter along with Russia, while Turkey supports the weak U.N.-backed government. In a sense, Mr. Niblett said, there is the beginning of a more realist European foreign policy, which will continue to pay off Mr. Erdogan to avoid a new wave of refugees."

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28.02.2020

"To Take On the Coronavirus, Go Medieval on It"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/28/sunday-review/coronavirus-quarantine.html

Donald G. McNeil Jr. hält es für richtig und notwendig, für eine effektive Bekämpfung des Coronavirus auch auf restriktive Maßnahmen zu setzen. "There are two ways to fight epidemics: the medieval and the modern. The modern way is to surrender to the power of the pathogens: Acknowledge that they are unstoppable and to try to soften the blow with 20th-century inventions, including new vaccines, antibiotics, hospital ventilators and thermal cameras searching for people with fevers. The medieval way, inherited from the era of the Black Death, is brutal: Close the borders, quarantine the ships, pen terrified citizens up inside their poisoned cities. For the first time in more than a century, the world has chosen to confront a new and terrifying virus with the iron fist instead of the latex glove. (…) Officially, the World Health Organization opposes travel and trade restrictions. It reiterated that even as it declared the epidemic a global emergency on Jan. 30. But it now admits that they helped. The head of the W.H.O. team that visited China said this week that China 'took one of the most ancient strategies and rolled out one of the most ambitious, agile and aggressive disease-containment efforts in history.' The W.H.O.’s epidemic-modeling teams concluded that travel restrictions had slowed the spread of the virus outside China by two to three weeks."

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26.02.2020

"Coronavirus Nightmare Could Be the End for Europe’s Borderless Dream"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/26/world/europe/coronavirus-european-union.html?action=click&module=Top%2
0Stories&pgtype=Homepage

Matina Stevis-Gridneff schreibt, dass das Recht der EU-Bürger auf grenzüberschreitende Freizügigkeit durch die Coronavirus-Epidemie einen schweren Schlag erhalten habe. "This was the year — with Britain out, terrorism waning and the migrant crisis at an ebb — that the European Union had hoped to repair and revive its cherished goal of open internal borders. But cases of the virus have emerged nearly daily in new European countries — in Spain, Greece, Croatia, France, Switzerland and, on Wednesday, in Germany. Many of them can be traced back to Europe’s largest outbreak, in Italy, where more than 300 people are now infected. As the cases spread and multiply, calls for closing borders have grown louder, most predictably from the far right and populists who were never fans of the bloc’s open border policy. So far no country has taken that drastic step, but privately European officials warned that this could change quickly. (…) Europeans consider it one of the bloc’s biggest achievements. But if it has nurtured prosperity and become a fundamental building block of European identity, it has also, practically speaking, been suffering a death by a thousand cuts."

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20.02.2020

"What We, the Taliban, Want"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/20/opinion/taliban-afghanistan-war-haqqani.html

Der stellvertretende Taliban-Anführer Sirajuddin Haqqani hat vor der von vielen erwarteten Unterzeichnung eines Friedensabkommens mit den USA die Gelegenheit bekommen, in der New York Times die Erwartungen seiner Gruppe zu erläutern. Dabei äußert er sich auch zum Vorwurf, dass Afghanistan nach einem Abzug der US-Truppen erneut zur Basis "störender Gruppen" werden könnte. "We are also aware of concerns about the potential of Afghanistan being used by disruptive groups to threaten regional and world security. But these concerns are inflated: Reports about foreign groups in Afghanistan are politically motivated exaggerations by the warmongering players on all sides of the war. It is not in the interest of any Afghan to allow such groups to hijack our country and turn it into a battleground. We have already suffered enough from foreign interventions. We will take all measures in partnership with other Afghans to make sure the new Afghanistan is a bastion of stability and that nobody feels threatened on our soil. (…) We are about to sign an agreement with the United States and we are fully committed to carrying out its every single provision, in letter and spirit. Achieving the potential of the agreement, ensuring its success and earning lasting peace will depend on an equally scrupulous observance by the United States of each of its commitments. Only then can we have complete trust and lay the foundation for cooperation — or even a partnership — in the future."

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20.02.2020

"Far-Right Shooting Shatters an Already Fragile Sense of Security in Germany"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/20/world/europe/germany-hanau-shisha-bar-shooting.html

Der Anschlag in Hanau habe u.a. die verbreitete Vorstellung untergraben, dass der Rechtsextremismus in Deutschland vor allem ein Problem des Ostens sei, schreiben Jack Ewing and Melissa Eddy in der New York Times. "Many people in western Germany have regarded right-wing sentiment as largely an eastern German phenomenon. When waves of Syrians refugees arrived in 2015, they were barely noticed in some western cities where there were already large minority communities. In the aftermath of the attack, some residents wondered if the right-wing sentiment that had gripped other regions had finally arrived here. But Hanau has apparently long harbored right-wing sympathizers. In the last city elections, the far-right, anti-immigration Republikaner party received almost 10 percent of the votes.

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10.02.2020

"A Plea to Save the Last Nuclear Arms Treaty"

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/opinion/albright-ivanov-nuclear-treaty.html

Die früheren Außenminister Madeleine Albright und Igor Ivanov appellieren in diesem gemeinsamen Beitrag für die New York Times für eine Verlängerung des New-START-Abkommens zur Begrenzung der strategischen Atomwaffen der USA und Russlands. "Right now, the most important thing to do is extend New START. Russia has indicated, at the highest levels, its willingness to do so. All that President Trump needs to do is agree. Legislative approval is not required. Time is critical. Doing nothing while waiting for a 'better' agreement is a recipe for disaster: We could lose New START and fail to replace it. The treaty’s agreed limits on nuclear arsenals are too important to be put at risk in a game of nuclear chicken. Moreover, we have an opportunity to improve security and rebuild trust between the world’s two great nuclear powers. It must not be thrown away."

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07.02.2020

"We asked the 2020 Democrats how they’d approach war and peace, diplomacy and national security. Here is what they said."

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/politics/2020-democrats-foreign-policy.html

Die New York Times hat die außenpolitischen Positionen der Präsidentschaftskandidaten der US-Demokraten in einem interaktiven Dossier zusammengestellt. "For most of the past year, the Democratic presidential campaign has been fought in the arena of domestic policy. But since President Trump ordered the killing of Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani last month, bringing the United States and Iran to the brink of war, foreign policy has become a more pressing concern. The Times sent a survey to the candidates about a range of foreign policy issues. We wanted to get a better sense not only of how they would handle specific conflicts and partnerships, but also of their broader approach to international relations. Here is what they said."

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06.01.2020

"The United States Bet Guaidó Could Transform Venezuela. It Hasn’t Happened."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/06/world/americas/guaido-venezuela-trump.html

Die Hoffnungen der US-Regierung auf eine schnelle Machtübernahme von Juan Guaidó in Venezuela haben sich der New York Times zufolge mittlerweile zerschlagen. Ein Jahr nach dem von Washington unterstützten Versuch eines Machtwechsels habe die US-Regierung nur wenig vorzuweisen. "Mr. Guaidó is so removed from power that, this weekend, he was barred from even entering the legislature, where he was seeking re-election as the body’s leader. In one dramatic moment, captured on video, a desperate Mr. Guaidó tried to scale the spiked metal fence that surrounds the assembly building. But government forces pulled him down while inside, Mr. Maduro’s supporters elected one of their allies to lead the legislature — a move intended to deprive Mr. Guaidó of the position that gives him legal cover to stake a rival claim on the presidency. (..) 'It’s impossible to overstate what a huge blow all of this is to U.S. strategy in Venezuela,' said Geoff Ramsey, director of the Venezuela program at the Washington Office on Latin America."

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03.01.2020

"A Shocked Iraq Reconsiders Its Relationship With the U.S."

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/03/world/middleeast/us-iraq.html

Nach dem Attentat auf General Soleimani sei die militärische und sicherheitspolitische Allianz zwischen den USA und dem Irak mehr denn je gefährdet, berichtet die New York Times. "The question was already coursing through the halls of power in Baghdad, even as the Trump administration said Friday that it was rushing new troops to the region in response to the crisis. The airstrike on General Suleimani 'was a clear breach of the terms of the American forces’ presence,' [prime minister Adel Abdul Mahdi] said. He said that Parliament would meet in the coming days to consider 'appropriate measures to preserve the dignity of Iraq and its security and sovereignty,' including whether to ask the Americans to leave. (…) 'I think in his death he put the final nail in the coffin of the U.S. military presence in Iraq,' said Mohammad Shabani, a doctoral researcher at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London who focuses on Iran-Iraq relations. 'If Iran can erase the U.S. military presence in Iraq and all it has to do is give up five Iranian military men, would Iran do it? I think the answer is yes.' The United States has nearly 5,000 troops in Iraq on a handful of bases."

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28.12.2019

"'The Pendulum Has Swung Back': Latin America’s Corruption Fight Stalls"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/28/world/americas/latin-america-corruption.html

Der Kampf gegen die weit verbreitete Korruption in lateinamerikanischen Ländern wie Brasilien sei heute weitgehend zum Erliegen gekommen, stellen Ernesto Londoño und Letícia Casado in ihrer ausführlichen Reportage ernüchtert fest. "As discredited figures in business and politics mount comebacks, many of those who led the crusade against graft face retaliation. (…) All this has helped fuel widespread anger and distrust of the political establishment. Millions of Latin Americans have voted out incumbents and over the past few months have poured into the streets in enormous protests. (…) Brazil’s backsliding on corruption may be the most dramatic and consequential in the region, given how much prosecutors accomplished in a few years."

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26.12.2019

"With U.S. Help No Longer Assured, Saudis Try a New Strategy: Talks"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/26/world/middleeast/saudi-iran-qatar-talks.html

Angesichts zunehmender Zweifel an der amerikanischen Bereitschaft, die Sicherheit Saudi-Arabiens zu garantieren, habe das Königshaus damit begonnen, seine Konflikte mit Nachbarstaaten in der Region auf diplomatische Weise anzugehen, berichten Declan Walsh und Ben Hubbard. "The prince, Mohammed bin Salman, has stepped up direct talks with the rebels he has been fighting in Yemen for over four years, leading to a decline in attacks by both sides. He has made gestures to ease, if not end, the stifling blockade he and his allies imposed on his tiny, wealthy neighbor, Qatar. He has even engaged in indirect talks with the kingdom’s archnemesis, Iran, to try to dampen the shadow war raging across the region. Fueling the shift from confrontation to negotiation, analysts say, is the sobering realization that a decades-old cornerstone of American policy in the Middle East — the understanding that the United States would defend the Saudi oil industry from foreign attacks — can no longer be taken for granted."

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21.12.2019

"Total Surveillance Is Not What America Signed Up For"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/21/opinion/location-data-privacy-rights.html

Die New York Times warnt in diesem Leitartikel vor den Gefahren einer unbegrenzten Sammlung und kommerziellen Auswertung von digitalen Nutzerdaten durch private Unternehmen. "If the government ordered Americans to continuously provide such precise, real-time information about themselves, there would be a revolt. Members of Congress would trample one another to be first in front of the cable news cameras to quote the founders and insist on our rights to be free of such pervasive surveillance. Yet, as a society, without ever focusing on this profound choice, we’ve reached a tacit consensus to hand this data over voluntarily, even though we don’t really know who’s getting it or what they’re doing with it. As the close of 2019 approaches, everybody is searching for the meaning of the decade. Here’s a thought: This is the decade — the period since the founding of the App Store, in 2008 — in which we were brainwashed into surveilling ourselves."

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