US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute


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24.06.2020

"SIPRI releases new map of multilateral peace operations"

https://www.sipri.org/news/2020/sipri-releases-new-map-multilateral-peace-operations

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat eine neue Karte mit Informationen zu allen derzeit aktiven multilateralen Friedensmissionen ins Netz gestellt. "The data is taken from SIPRI’s Multilateral Peace Operations Database which contains historical information on United Nations and non-United Nations peace operations conducted since 1990, including location, mandate, participating countries, approved and actual personnel numbers disaggregated by personnel types, dates of deployment, budgets and mission fatalities."

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15.06.2020

"Nuclear weapon modernization continues but the outlook for arms control is bleak: New SIPRI Yearbook out now"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2020/nuclear-weapon-modernization-continues-outlook-arms-contro
l-bleak-new-sipri-yearbook-out-now

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute hat sein neues Jahrbuch veröffentlicht. "The nine nuclear-armed states — the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) — together possessed an estimated 13 400 nuclear weapons at the start of 2020. This marked a decrease from the 13 865 nuclear weapons that SIPRI estimated these states possessed at the beginning of 2019 (see table below). Around 3720 of the nuclear weapons are currently deployed with operational forces and nearly 1800 of these are kept in a state of high operational alert. The decrease in the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world in 2019 was largely due to the dismantlement of retired nuclear weapons by Russia and the USA — which together still possess over 90 per cent of global nuclear weapons. (…) Russia and the USA have extensive and expensive programmes under way to replace and modernize their nuclear warheads, missile and aircraft delivery systems, and nuclear weapon production facilities. Both countries have also given new or expanded roles to nuclear weapons in their military plans and doctrines, which marks a significant reversal of the post-cold war trend towards the gradual marginalization of nuclear weapons."

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27.04.2020

"Global military expenditure sees largest annual increase in a decade — says SIPRI — reaching $1917 billion in 2019"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2020/global-military-expenditure-sees-largest-annual-increase-d
ecade-says-sipri-reaching-1917-billion

Die globalen Verteidigungsausgaben sind einer neuen SIPRI-Studie zufolge im vergangenen Jahr deutlich angestiegen. "The total for 2019 represents an increase of 3.6 per cent from 2018 and the largest annual growth in spending since 2010. The five largest spenders in 2019, which accounted for 62 per cent of expenditure, were the United States, China, India, Russia and Saudi Arabia. This is the first time that two Asian states have featured among the top three military spenders. (…) Global military spending in 2019 represented 2.2 per cent of the global gross domestic product (GDP), which equates to approximately $249 per person. 'Global military expenditure was 7.2 per cent higher in 2019 than it was in 2010, showing a trend that military spending growth has accelerated in recent years,' says Dr Nan Tian, SIPRI Researcher. 'This is the highest level of spending since the 2008 global financial crisis and probably represents a peak in expenditure.'"

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23.10.2019

"Climate change challenges the future success of peacebuilding — shows new SIPRI study on Somalia"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/climate-change-challenges-future-success-peacebuilding-sho
ws-new-sipri-study-somalia

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute hat den Einfluss des Klimawandels auf UN-Friedensmissionen am Beispiel des UNSOM-Programms in Somalia untersucht. "Somalia’s three decades of conflict have been magnified by a series of increasingly severe droughts. The impacts of climate- and weather-related changes add pressure to the country’s overburdened governance and judicial systems. This is a serious threat to Somalia’s state-building process and challenges UNSOM to successfully implement their mandate. The Policy Paper looks at how climate change impacts UNSOM’s mandate and presents the strategies that they and other actors have utilized to overcome these challenges. (…) The report states that 94 per cent of Somalia’s nomadic population—such as herders — currently live in poverty. Climate change causes regular grazing routes to become unusable which forces herders to move their livestock to areas that may put them in conflict with farmers. The impacts of climate change have also increased the number of internally displaced people in Somalia. Internally displaced people are exposed to recruitment efforts by groups such as al-Shabab and change the demographic composition and ethnic makeup of areas. In some cases, shifts in demographics erode UNSOM-facilitated local power-sharing agreements and undermine UN efforts to build governance institutions in Somalia."

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17.06.2019

"Modernization of world nuclear forces continues despite overall decrease in number of warheads: New SIPRI Yearbook out now"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/modernization-world-nuclear-forces-continues-despite-overa
ll-decrease-number-warheads-new-sipri

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) macht anlässlich der Veröffentlichung seines neuen Jahrbuchs auf den internationalen Trend der Modernisierung von Atomwaffenarsenalen aufmerksam. "SIPRI Governing Board Chair Ambassador Jan Eliasson, former Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, says: 'A key finding is that despite an overall decrease in the number of nuclear warheads in 2018, all nuclear weapon-possessing states continue to modernize their nuclear arsenals.' At the start of 2019, nine states — the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) — possessed approximately 13 865 nuclear weapons. This marked a decrease from the approximately 14 465 nuclear weapons that SIPRI estimated these states possessed at the beginning of 2018 (see table below). Of these 13 865 nuclear weapons, 3 750 are deployed with operational forces and nearly 2 000 of these are kept in a state of high operational alert."

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29.04.2019

"World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/world-military-expenditure-grows-18-trillion-2018

Die weltweiten Militärausgaben sind diesem neuen Bericht des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute zufolge im vergangenen Jahr um 2,6% angestiegen. "The five biggest spenders in 2018 were the United States, China, Saudi Arabia, India and France, which together accounted for 60 per cent of global military spending. (...) Total global military spending rose for the second consecutive year in 2018, to the highest level since 1988 — the first year for which consistent global data is available. World spending is now 76 per cent higher than the post-cold war low in 1998. World military spending in 2018 represented 2.1 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP) or $239 per person. (...) US military spending grew — for the first time since 2010 — by 4.6 per cent, to reach $649 billion in 2018. The USA remained by far the largest spender in the world, and spent almost as much on its military in 2018 as the next eight largest-spending countries combined."

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11.03.2019

"Global arms trade: USA increases dominance; arms flows to the Middle East surge, says SIPRI"

http://https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/global-arms-trade-usa-increases-dominance-arms-flow
s-middle-east-surge-says-sipri

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen neuen Bericht zum internationalen Waffenhandel veröffentlicht und fasst die wesentlichen Ergebnisse in dieser Pressemitteilung zusammen. "The volume of international transfers of major arms in 2014–18 was 7.8 per cent higher than in 2009–13 and 23 per cent higher than in 2004–2008, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The five largest exporters in 2014–18 were the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China. Together, they accounted for 75 per cent of the total volume of arms exports in 2014–18. The flow of arms increased to the Middle East between 2009–13 and 2014–18, while there was a decrease in flows to all other regions. US arms exports grew by 29 per cent between 2009–13 and 2014–18, and the US share of total global exports rose from 30 per cent to 36 per cent. The gap between the top two arms-exporting states also increased: US exports of major arms were 75 per cent higher than Russia’s in 2014–18, while they were only 12 per cent higher in 2009–13. More than half (52 per cent) of US arms exports went to the Middle East in 2014–18."

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10.12.2018

"Global arms industry: US companies dominate the Top 100; Russian arms industry moves to second place"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/global-arms-industry-us-companies-dominate-top-100-russian
-arms-industry-moves-second-place

Das Stockholmer Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat einen neuen Bericht über die weltweite Produktion von Rüstungsgütern veröffentlicht. "The total for the SIPRI Top 100 in 2017 is 2.5 per cent higher than in 2016 and represents an increase of 44 per cent since 2002 (the first year for which comparable data is available; figures exclude China). This is the third consecutive year of growth in Top 100 arms sales. (...) With 42 companies listed in 2017, companies based in the United States continued to dominate the Top 100 in 2017. (...) The combined arms sales of the 24 companies in Western Europe listed in the Top 100 increased by 3.8 per cent in 2017, to $94.9 billion, which accounted for 23.8 per cent of the Top 100 total. The UK remained the largest arms producer in the region in 2017, with total arms sales of $35.7 billion and seven companies listed in the Top 100."

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18.06.2018

"Modernization of nuclear weapons continues; number of peacekeepers declines: New SIPRI Yearbook out now"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/modernization-nuclear-weapons-continues-number-peacekeeper
s-declines-new-sipri-yearbook-out-now

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat ein neues Jahrbuch veröffentlicht und hebt in dieser Präsentation zwei Kernaussagen hervor: "Key findings include the following: all the nuclear weapon-possessing states are developing new nuclear weapon systems and modernizing their existing systems; and the number of personnel deployed with peace operations worldwide continues to fall while the demand is increasing. (...) The decrease in the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world is due mainly to Russia and the USA — which together still account for nearly 92 per cent of all nuclear weapons — further reducing their strategic nuclear forces pursuant to the implementation of the 2010 Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START). Despite making limited reductions to their nuclear forces, both Russia and the USA have long-term programmes under way to replace and modernize their nuclear warheads, missile and aircraft delivery systems, and nuclear weapon production facilities."

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02.05.2018

"Global military spending remains high at $1.7 trillion"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/global-military-spending-remains-high-17-trillion

Neuen Zahlen des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) zufolge sind die globalen Rüstungsausgaben im vergangenen Jahr mit 1,1% leicht angestiegen. "After 13 consecutive years of increases from 1999 to 2011 and relatively unchanged spending from 2012 to 2016, total global military expenditure rose again in 2017. Military spending in 2017 represented 2.2 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP) or $230 per person. 'The increases in world military expenditure in recent years have been largely due to the substantial growth in spending by countries in Asia and Oceania and the Middle East, such as China, India and Saudi Arabia,' said Dr Nan Tian, Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure (AMEX) programme. 'At the global level, the weight of military spending is clearly shifting away from the Euro–Atlantic region.'"

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12.03.2018

"Asia and the Middle East lead rising trend in arms imports, US exports grow significantly, says SIPRI"

https://www.sipri.org/news/press-release/2018/asia-and-middle-east-lead-rising-trend-arms-imports-us-expo
rts-grow-significantly-says-sipri

Das schwedische Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat einen neuen Bericht über die Entwicklung der internationalen Waffenverkäufe in den vergangenen Jahren veröffentlicht. "Continuing the upward trend that began in the early 2000s, the volume of international transfers of major weapons in 2013-17 was 10 per cent higher than in 2008-12, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The flow of arms increased to Asia and Oceania and the Middle East between 2008–12 and 2013–17, while there was a decrease in the flow to Africa, the Americas and Europe. The five biggest exporters — the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China—together accounted for 74 per cent of all arms exports in 2013–17."

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06.09.2017

"Launch of story map on anti-vehicle mines"

https://www.sipri.org/news/2017/launch-story-map-anti-vehicle-mines

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute hat in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) eine interaktive "story map" über die Auswirkungen von Landminen auf die Bevölkerung in internationalen Konfliktgebieten ins Netz gestellt. "The story map contains multimedia content, interactive maps and narrative text to provide an introduction to AVMs [anti-vehicle mines] and data analysis of trends. It demonstrates the impact of AVMs on livelihoods in ongoing conflicts, such as Ukraine, and in post-conflict situations, like in the case of Cambodia. 'Twisted Metal, Broken Bodies' is produced based on the findings of recent GICHD–SIPRI studies on global mapping of anti-vehicle mine incidents (2016 and 2015); and a comprehensive study on the humanitarian and developmental impact of AVMs from 2014."

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06.07.2017

"The security situation in Mali"

https://www.sipri.org/media/2017/security-situation-mali-new-sipri-study-added-value-involving-civil-soci
ety-peace-implementation

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen Bericht über die Sicherheitslage in Mali veröffentlicht, die ihren Fokus besonders auf zivilgesellschaftliche Akteure richtet. "The findings of the report highlight the necessity for developmental and political responses to insecurity. The current emphasis is on the deployment of troops and the creation of new forces to tackle the security problems of the Sahel; however, the government of Mali and the international community is advised to take into account the priorities expressed by the Malian people, many of whom are calling for softer, longer-term approaches. Security priorities in the North, Centre and South of the country are not uniform, which supports the call for contextualised responses. Similarly, men and women do not always express the same priorities. The report points out that thereby, national security policies will have to adapt to regional and demographic needs."

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24.04.2017

"World military spending: Increases in the USA and Europe, decreases in oil-exporting countries"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2017/world-military-spending-increases-usa-and-europe

Das schwedische Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat seine jährliche Studie zu den weltweiten Militärausgaben veröffentlicht. Die wichtigsten Trends werden im Bericht folgendermaßen zusammengefasst: "The United States remains the country with the highest annual military expenditure in the world. US military spending grew by 1.7 per cent between 2015 and 2016 to $611 billion. Military expenditure by China, which was the second largest spender in 2016, increased by 5.4 per cent to $215 billion, a much lower rate of growth than in previous years. Russia increased its spending by 5.9 per cent in 2016 to $69.2 billion, making it the third largest spender. Saudi Arabia was the third largest spender in 2015 but dropped to fourth position in 2016. Spending by Saudi Arabia fell by 30 per cent in 2016 to $63.7 billion, despite its continued involvement in regional wars. India’s military expenditure grew by 8.5 per cent in 2016 to $55.9 billion, making it the fifth largest spender. (...) Military expenditure in Western Europe rose for the second consecutive year and was up by 2.6 per cent in 2016. There were spending increases in all but three countries in Western Europe."

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20.02.2017

"Increase in arms transfers driven by demand in the Middle East and Asia, says SIPRI"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2017/increase-arms-transfers-driven-demand-middle-east-and-asia
-says-sipri

Hier der Direktlink zu den Ergebnissen des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) mit den neuen Zahlen zum internationalen Waffenhandel. "The volume of international transfers of major weapons has grown continuously since 2004 and increased by 8.4 per cent between 2007–11 and 2012–16, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Notably, transfers of major weapons in 2012–16 reached their highest volume for any five-year period since the end of the cold war. The flow of arms increased to Asia and Oceania and the Middle East between 2007–11 and 2012–16, while there was a decrease in the flow to Europe, the Americas and Africa. The five biggest exporters — the United States, Russia, China, France and Germany — together accounted for 74 per cent of the total volume of arms exports."

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