US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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"Navy Drone Refuels Fighter Jet, a Key Step Toward Adding UAVs to Carrier Wings"

Der US-Navy sei es gelungen, mit einer "MQ-25 T1 Stingray"-Drohne einen bemannten Kampfjet zu betanken, informiert Caitlin Kenney. "'Friday's historic test gets us one step closer to providing MQ-25's critical capabilities to the fleet. To build that foundation for integrating manned and unmanned platforms to give our forces the competitive advantage to keep ahead of the evolving threats in the 21st century,' Capt. Chad Reed, the program manager for the Navy's Unmanned Carrier Aviation program office, told reporters Monday. (…) The drone will reach initial operational capability by early 2025, according to the Navy."

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"Red Cross Calls for More Limits on Autonomous Weapons"

Das Internationale Komitee vom Roten Kreuz (ICRC) fordere neue internationale Regeln für den Einsatz autonomer Waffen, schreibt Patrick Tucker. "Wednesday's call from the ICRC is significant because the group has a unique standing among governments as a humanitarian organization mitigating the effects of conflict. They refer to themselves as the 'guardians' of international humanitarian law. (…) The ICRC is recommending new limitations on such weapons under international humanitarian law. Specifically, they are seeking to mandate that they can't attack humans, to limit the duration and geography in which they can be used (such as in situations where civilians aren't present) and to set requirements for how humans interact with them, to ensure 'timely intervention and deactivation,' when something goes wrong."

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"US 'Won't Ignore' Terrorism at Home or Abroad, Biden Tells Congress"

Jacqueline Feldscher analysiert die erste Rede von US-Präsident Joe Biden vor dem amerikanischen Kongress: "In his address to a socially-distanced joint session of lawmakers, the president laid out numerous threats facing the country, including terrorism, nuclear proliferation, and cyber attacks, but shared few specifics on how the military would respond to them differently in his administration. While the speech set ambitious goals to help American middle-class families, combat climate change, and accelerate the economic recovery from the coronavirus pandemic, Biden focused the foreign policy portion of his remarks on describing the threat landscape facing the country rather than unveiling any new programs or strategies to counter it. (…) 'Make no mistake: in 20 years, terrorism has metastasized. The threat has evolved way beyond Afghanistan,' Biden said. '...and, we won't ignore what our own intelligence agencies have determined to be the most lethal terrorism threat to the homeland today. White supremacy is terrorism.'"

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"Germany's Military an Unexpected Star in Pandemic Relief"

Zu Unrecht sei die Bundeswehr eine der am meisten belächelten Organisationen der Welt, konstatiert Elisabeth Braw. "(...) [D]uring the pandemic it has put in an equally formidable and surprising star turn, transporting critically ill patients from other countries to German hospitals, conducting COVID tests across Germany, and now pioneering round-the-clock vaccination. (…) Kramp-Karrenbauer, who leads her ministry with a level of dedication and innovativeness rarely seen in her predecessors, deserves credit for her troops' star turn. (…) Her paradoxical challenge now is to make sure Germans don't get so comfortable with the Bundeswehr's star pandemic-helper turn that they forget the military's real purpose."

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"The Suez Grounding Was an Accident. The Next Blocked Chokepoint Might Not Be."

Die jüngste Blockade des Suezkanals durch das festgesetzte Containerschiff "Ever Given" sei eine Erinnerung daran, wie anfällig der globale Seeverkehr sei, konstatiert Scott Savitz. "While the Ever Giving (sic.) appears to have gotten stuck by accident, military planners must remember that such blockages can be inflicted on purpose. This tactic - called 'blockships' - has a long history. (…) Clearing a blockship can take days or weeks, enough time for the other side to make military gains that are difficult to reverse. The trapped ships and submarines are also vulnerable to missile attack, having become a set of fixed targets. (…) The fragility of maritime lifelines - and the ability to use unmanned ships, electronic warfare, and cyberattacks - may encourage the use of this tactic in future conflict and make it even more effective."

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"After the Insurrection, America's Far-Right Groups Get More Extreme"

Nach dem Sturm auf das US-Kapitol hätten einige Mitglieder die beteiligten rechtsextremen Gruppen verlassen, schreiben Matthew Valasik und Shannon Reid. Übrig geblieben seien besonders engagierte Anhänger, die wiederum radikale Neuzugänge anzögen. "Such a shift is going to alter the subculture of these groups, driving them farther to the right. (...) We and other observers of right-wing groups expect that extremists will come to see the events of Jan. 6 as just the opening skirmish in a modern civil war. We anticipate they will continue to seek an end to American democracy and the beginning of a new society free - or even purged - of groups the right wing fears, including immigrants, Jewish people, nonwhites, LGBTQ people and those who value multiculturalism."

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"ISIS Affiliate In Mozambique Riding a 'Wave of Momentum'"

Die in Mosambik operierende islamistische Terrororganisation Al Sunnah wa Jama'ah stärke ihre Verbindungen zum sogenannten "Islamischen Staat" (ISIS), erläutert Patrick Tucker. "Last June, Babel Street noted that Al-Sunna was working hard to get ISIS's attention in a bid to access the larger group's resources and communication channels. (…) 'Both the local insurgents and the Islamic State appear to be attempting to make connections with each other. Media statements in Amaq [ISIS Communication channels] plus insurgents' use of the Islamic State flag, among other indications, point to a stronger connection - at least in terms of ideology and goals if not in logistical and operational support.'"

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"ISIS and Al-Qaeda's Sub-Saharan Affiliates Are Poised for Growth in 2021"

Colin Clarke und Jacob Zenn geben einen Überblick über die Verbreitung dschihadistischer Gruppierungen in Afrika: "Once considered a backwater for jihadists, sub-Saharan Africa is now at the forefront of the counterterrorism landscape. With core ISIS and al-Qaeda reeling from sustained Western counterterrorism campaigns, attention has shifted from former jihadist bases in the Middle East and south Asia, respectively, to the Sahel and Nigeria, the Horn of Africa, and, most recently, the continent's southeastern Swahili coast. ISIS and al-Qaeda affiliates throughout sub-Saharan Africa are well-positioned to expand their influence, garner new recruits, spread propaganda, and in some cases, capture territory."

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"Biden Wants to Restore NATO. Macron Is Looking to Move On."

US-Präsident Joe Biden und der französische Präsident Emmanuel Macron hätten bei der Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz aneinander vorbeigeredet, meint Kevin Baron. Während Präsident Biden die Rückkehr des transatlantischen Bündnisses proklamierte, betonte Präsident Macron nur wenige Minuten später die Notwendigkeit eines europäischen Verteidigungskollektivs, das von der NATO unabhängig agieren könne. "'I listened to President Biden' and appreciated the list of 'common challenges,' Macron responded in French, 'but we have an agenda that is unique.' Declaring that his message to this year's conference had not changed since last year's, he delivered his by-now-familiar sales pitch, repeating that Europe has its own security issues that should not always require or rely on U.S. participation or permission, especially for military actions on Europe's borders with the Middle East and North Africa."

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"New AI Can Detect Emotion With Radio Waves"

Patrick Tucker stellt ein experimentelles neuronales Netzwerk vor, welches aktuell in Großbritannien entwickelt wird und möglicherweise weitreichende Implikationen für die amerikanische nationale Sicherheit haben könne. "A UK research team is using radio waves to pick up subtle changes in heart rhythm and then, using an advanced AI called a neural network, understand what those signals mean - in other words, what the subject is feeling. It's a breakthrough that one day might help, say, human-intelligence analysts in Afghanistan figure out who represents an insider threat."

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"The Next Administration Should Bring the Shadow Wars into the Light"

Daniel R. Mahanty und Rachel Stohl empfehlen der kommenden Biden-Regierung, sich von den seit 9/11 üblich gewordenen "Schattenkriegen" der USA zu verabschieden. "A Biden administration may be eager to make certain symbolic reforms and to temper the most visible aspects of the 'forever war' (e.g., by reducing troop levels in Afghanistan), yet preserve the option of using covert lethal action and secret surrogates to counter threats with lower perceived cost and less apparent risk to U.S. forces, and all on the basis of an expansive interpretation of the President’s constitutional authorities. Then-candidate Biden referred to these programs, taken to mean drone strikes and operations conducted by special operations forces, during this primary campaign as 'light footprint' operations. Dabbling on the margins would be a mistake. If we have learned anything in twenty years, it’s that clandestine and covert operations carry their own, often underestimated, risks for the executive branch, to include blowback from civilian casualties (without the ability to publicly defend the purpose of an operation), mission creep, and public distrust."

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"Could Trump Assassinate A World Leader and Get Away With it?"

US-Präsident Trump hat vor kurzem zugegeben, dass er kurzzeitig ein Attentat auf Syriens Präsident Assad erwogen habe. Katie Bo Williams erklärt, warum die rechtliche Einordnung eines solchen Schritts keineswegs leicht wäre. "'Assassination' is a fuzzy word that has more rhetorical than legal force, but it is nominally banned under an executive order that grew out of President Ford’s Executive Order 11905. That first iteration 'prohibited any member of the U.S. government from engaging or conspiring to engage in any political assassination.' Its latest iteration, EO 12333, states that 'no person employed by or acting on behalf of the United States Government shall engage in or conspire to engage in assassination.' The term 'assassination' goes undefined. 'And therein lies the rub!' said Rachel VanLandingham, a military justice expert at Southwestern Law School in Los Angeles who once served as the chief of international law for U.S. Central Command, which oversees most American troops from the Middle East to Afghanistan. 'Context is everything.'"

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"19 Years After 9/11, Politicians Need to Stop Overhyping Threats"

Nach Ansicht von Joshua A. Geltzer sollte der Jahrestag der Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 als Gelegenheit genutzt werden, um die gängige Praxis der politischen Überschätzung aktueller Gefahren zu hinterfragen. "The 19 years since 9/11 have taught us that sustainable American national security depends on securing not just our physical, and now digital, infrastructure but also our mental resilience. Strengthening our cognitive infrastructure doesn’t mean getting Americans to agree on everything, consume the same news sources, or think of their American identity uniformly. We’re happily too diverse for that. But it does mean ensuring that America’s collective consciousness isn’t so susceptible to manipulation by hostile actors that we tear ourselves apart, embrace fiction over fact, and do to each other what our adversaries are unable to do to us themselves."

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"Will Trumpism Change Republican Foreign Policy Permanently?"

Thomas Wright von der Brookings Institution meint, dass der "Trumpismus" die US-Republikaner außenpolitisch dauerhaft verändert haben könnte. "Trump has upended decades of Republican foreign policy. Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush put freedom and democracy at the heart of their worldview. They supported United States alliances and embraced free trade. Trump sees U.S. allies as free riders who take advantage of Americans. He is a protectionist who loves tariffs. He is naturally drawn to authoritarian strongmen. And he sees U.S. foreign policy as purely transactional, with no larger purpose of building a better world. Trump did not just challenge Republican orthodoxy. He also blew up its establishment. Now, if he loses, his supporters will likely blame the Never Trumpers, now including former National Security Adviser John Bolton, for the president’s defeat and for everything a Biden administration subsequently does. With many of these officials pushed aside, new foreign-policy voices in the GOP are poised to fill the vacuum."

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"Why The Future of Belarus Matters to the United States"


Patrick Tucker meint, dass die Krise in Weißrussland die Strategie Russlands und des Westens lange prägen könnte. Russland betrachte den Nachbarstaat als wichtigen Verbündeten, langfristig könnte das Land allerdings wie die Ukraine ins westliche Lager wechseln. "If Lukashenko goes the way of Yanukovich, it again shows that Moscow’s strongmen aren’t so unstoppable. 'He cannot afford to have the authority in Belarus to be overthrown,' said [Deutsche Welle columnist Konstantin Eggert]. 'The only thing that would suit Moscow is for Lukashenko to go of his own volition, which is now impossible, only because if Lukashenko goes today, or tomorrow, or in a week’s time, it will look as a flight.' This leaves the possibility of Putin using military force to back up an increasingly embattled ally against the Belarusian population. But polling in Russia suggests that 'this is not particularly popular with the Russian population,' who have become increasingly wary of Putin’s foreign adventures and, while a majority of Belarusians may consider themselves Russian, Russian citizens simply 'don’t believe Belarus needs saving,' said Eggert. Either way, experts say Belarus won’t be able to continue on as it has after the events of this week. Eventually, it will either fall toward the West, depriving Putin of an essential supporting government against NATO expansion or will fall toward Russia and NATO’s presence in Poland and Lithuania will become even more essential."

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"Deepfakes Are Getting Better, Easier to Make, and Cheaper"

Deepfake-Programme, die unter Experten als potentielle sicherheitspolitische Bedrohung gelten, werden Patrick Tucker zufolge nicht nur immer besser, sondern auch leichter zugänglich. "Deepfakes — computer-generated images and footage of real people — have emerged as a major worry among the national security set. A new paper from researchers at FireEye finds that tools published to open source repositories such as GitHub are reducing the amount of technical expertise required to produce ever-more-convincing deepfakes. Moreover, they are increasingly easy to purchase from disreputable marketing and PR firms. (…) As strategist Peter Singer has pointed out, the enormous volume of new, grainy, filmed-at-home video footage, over platforms such as Zoom, means deepfakes will be more difficult to stop simply because people are becoming more used to consuming lots of grainy, choppy, video-footage. 'The quality bar does not need to be exceedingly high when it comes to synthetic generations; it only needs to be 'good enough' for even just a subset of vocal users to not question it in a world characterized by rapid, high-volume information consumption.' There’s a reason deepfakes are emerging as a major national security concern, impersonating groups like journalists is becoming an increasingly common tactic among key adversary groups."

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"How ISIS Made Money on Facebook"

Der "Islamische Staat" habe zur Finanzierung seines "Kalifats" in Syrien eine Facebook-Plattform zum illegalen Verkauf geplünderter Artefakte betrieben, schreibt Jenna Scatena. Sie hat mit zwei Männern gesprochen, die diesem Treiben ein Ende setzen wollten und dabei zumindest einen Teilerfolg erzielt hätten. "By 2014, the group had turned Facebook into a vertically integrated one-stop shop for looted items: It was not only the best place to sell them, but the best place to research and verify an artifact’s authenticity, assess its monetary value, and recruit and train new looters and smugglers inside and outside Syria. Looting soon became one of ISIS’s main income sources in regions such as Aleppo, and one of the only job options for residents trapped in these ISIS-controlled territories. This January, the UN Security Council released a report on terrorism financing, citing Facebook as 'a tool for the illicit trafficking of cultural property' that benefits ISIS. (…) Paul and Al-Azm had gotten what they wanted — kind of. While Facebook now bans the sale of historical artifacts in its written policy, it does not proactively enforce it — instead, it acts only if a user reports the content, which Paul argues is unlikely to happen, because most trafficking occurs in private groups. 'This is why we see everything from wildlife to drugs to conflict antiquities continue to flourish on the platform,' she said in a call to me the day the policy was released. 'Whether there is a policy against it or not.'"

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"With Cold War Language, Pompeo Defines Trump’s Plan for 'Totalitarian' China"

US-Außenminister Pompeo habe die Spannungen mit China in einer Grundsatzrede in den Worten des Kalten Krieges beschrieben und dabei fast eine Strategie des Regimewechsels verkündet, schreibt Katie Bo Williams. "In a major foreign policy speech on U.S.-China relations, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo cast ratcheted-up tensions with Beijing in Cold War terms, announcing that Washington would seek to change Beijing’s behavior and stopping just short of calling for regime change. He described Beijing — and Chinese President Xi Jinping — as a generational threat to 'free democracies around the world,' a totalitarian and hegemonic regime that must not be treated like a normal nation. (…) 'If we bend the knee now, our children’s children may be at the mercy of the Communist party,' Pompeo said. (…) 'We have to keep in mind that the CCP regime is a Marxist-Leninist regime. General Secretary Xi Jinping is a true believer in a bankrupt totalitarian ideology,' Pompeo said. 'American can no longer ignore the fundamental political and ideological differences between our countries just as the CCP has never ignored them.'"

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"Why China Wants Trump to Win"

Trotz der angespannten Beziehungen zwischen den USA und China würde eine Wiederwahl Donald Trumps im November in Peking wohl mit stiller Freude aufgenommen werden, meint Michael Schuman. "From Beijing’s perspective, while a Democratic presidency may restore a more predictable form of American diplomacy, that may not best serve Chinese interests. In fact, four more years of Trump — though likely packed with annoyances and disputes — might present tantalizing opportunities for China to expand its influence around East Asia and the world. Of course, we can’t know with certainty what outcome China’s senior cadres prefer, or if they even agree among themselves. No candidate should expect an endorsement from People’s Daily. Still, there are clues. In a highly unusual comment, the former Chinese trade negotiator Long Yongtu reportedly told a Shenzhen conference late last year, 'We want Trump to be reelected; we would be glad to see that happen.' The president’s tweets make him 'easy to read,' Long said, and thus 'the best choice in an opponent for negotiations.'"

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"What if Biden Wins?"

Defense One hat sich in einem dreiteiligen Spezialreport mit den möglichen Folgen eines Wahlsiegs des Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden für die US-Außenpolitik beschäftigt. "In speeches and statements and interviews, the candidate and his advisors have been sketching out a foreign policy that would put the United States, as Biden has said, 'back at the head of the table.' And over the past month, Defense One asked dozens of his aides, advisors, surrogates, and former Obama administration colleagues what the world might expect from his presidency. What they said is that Biden may not radically change the nation’s military, deviate from the era’s so-called great power competition, or even slash the bottom line of the Pentagon’s $700 billion budget. But how that money is spent, how the United States competes, and how the military is deployed to advance American interests certainly would. But if Biden wins, will the world follow him? Will Americans?"

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"Defund the Europeans"

Nach Ansicht von Benjamin H. Friedman und Harvey M. Sapolsky sollte die von US-Präsident Trump geforderte Reduzierung der Zahl der in Deutschland stationierten US-Truppen dagegen nur der erste Schritt eines Abbaus permanenter US-Stützpunkte in ganz Europa sein. "We’re often told that bases in Europe are key to U.S. military activities further afield in the Middle East. Recent U.S. experience suggests that this is a better rationale for closing European bases than for keeping them. In any case, Europeans will still seek U.S. friendship and provide bases if needed after a U.S. drawdown. Good relations needn’t depend on permanent garrisons. It’s time to defund our subsidization of rich European countries through NATO. This doesn’t mean entirely abandoning them, not immediately at any rate. It means reducing the U.S. defense commitment in Germany and elsewhere in Europe in recognition of the continent’s historic safety, recent Russian mischief notwithstanding. We can safely tell the Europeans we’ll be there if they really need us, in the safe assumption that they won’t. Let’s go back to the old plan, where their ability to take care of themselves means they should."

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"The Generals Are Speaking Up. Is That a Good Thing?"

Die offene Kritik von US-Generälen an Präsident Trump ist von einigen Experten mit Bedenken aufgenommen worden, berichtet Katie Bo Williams. "(…) some scholars of the appropriate relationship between civilian and military leadership in U.S. governance and society — known colloquially as 'civ-mil relations' — said the weight being placed on the judgment of former uniformed military leaders is as dangerous as the use of uniformed officers to police civil unrest and lawful protest on American soil. 'The generals won’t save us, and — if they do — we’re already lost, and even more lost than we realize,' tweeted Jim Golby, a combat veteran, former West Point professor, and civ-mil relations scholar. That’s because civilian control of the military is considered a bedrock principle of the U.S. form of government, explained Mara Karlin, a former Pentagon official who now directs strategic studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. (…) 'If this isn’t a civil-military relations crisis, I don’t know what is,' Karlin said. 'I think it’s really important that folks appreciate the magnitude and the character of what’s happening right now and recognize that we’ll be living with the baggage for a while now.'" 

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"Army Scientists: All Strains of COVID-19 Can Be Covered by One Vaccine"

Wissenschaftler des US-Militärs sind Patrick Tucker zufolge optimistisch, dass die Entwicklung eines Corona-Impfstoffs bereits Ende des Jahres gelingen kann. Das neue Serum würde zudem mehrere COVID-19-Stämme abdecken, so die Hoffnung der Experten. "Army scientists say that they are 'very optimistic' that they will have a vaccine by the end of the year that will be effective against any COVID-19 strain. The vaccine candidate, currently being tested in hundreds of mice, was developed by Army scientists. The Army is also working to accelerate and evaluate candidates being produced by AstraZeneca and other pharmaceutical companies under the White House’s 'Operation Warp Speed' program, which aims to have a vaccine ready by year’s end. A vaccine that could handle multiple strains is important because some reports suggest that there may be as many as eight strains circulating around the globe, but scientists don’t know enough yet to be sure of that."

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"The Intelligence Community Wants New COVID-19 Tracking Tools"

Die US-Geheimdienste wollen bei der Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie neue Instrumente zur Verfolgung möglicher Infizierter einsetzen, berichtet Patrick Tucker. "The U.S. intelligence community’s research lab has put out a call for new data tools to track and predict the spread of COVID-19 and its effects. But some of the items on the wish list sound well beyond the current state of the art. Friday’s announcement from the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Agency, or IARPA, seeks new tools for rapidly diagnosing COVID in people with and without symptoms, via contactless methods such as breath analysis. It seeks tools for contact tracing among populations without mobile phones, via the Internet-of-things or other means — and do it while preserving privacy."

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"A Foreign General Is Helping to Lead US Army Europe. Other Commands Should Take Heed"

Elisabeth Braw berichtet, dass die US Army Europe mit Jared Sembritzki einen Brigadegeneral der Bundeswehr zum neuen Stabschef ernannt und damit ein wichtiges Zeichen gesetzt habe. "Though the transatlantic relationship may be sailing through choppy waters, the U.S. and German armies are demonstrating collaboration that’s vital for both sides. (…) When he leaves U.S. Army Europe in about two years’ time, Sembritzki too is likely to keep rising through the Bundeswehr ranks. But the biggest beneficiary is the U.S.-German relationship, which has for the past several years been suffering at the political level. Indeed, pundits have taken turns to declare it moribund or even dead. At the military level – the foundation of the transatlantic alliance – the U.S.-German relationship is far from over. On the contrary, with Sebritzki’s appointment the U.S. and German ministries have just given it another boost."

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"The Miner’s Canary: COVID-19 and the Rise of Non-Traditional Security Threats"

Nach Ansicht von Anca Agachi vom Atlantic Council sollte die Corona-Pandemie als "Vorbote" einer neuen sicherheitspolitischen Landschaft verstanden werden, die von nicht-traditionellen Bedrohungen geprägt sein wird. "These challenges will act as threat multipliers, further exacerbating existing security dilemmas and the complexity of the 2020s. COVID-19 is the template for what lies ahead, that is, unless we take action. The sooner we understand the fundamental transformation ahead of us, the sooner we can adapt our concepts and institutions to guarantee the safety of people, states, and the international community. (…) COVID-19 can be a bleak template of how non-traditional security threats ravage the international system. Without action, we may see in the future a worrying pattern of extensive loss of life, compounded subsequent shocks and even outright conflict. In 2015, regional events like the migration flow to Europe during 2015-2016 from the Middle East and North Africa was arguably a key factor in social polarization and the renaissance of the extreme right in places like Germany, France, Poland and Hungary. Today, the pandemic is leaving in its wake one of the worst economic crises since the Great Depression. Continued levels of low growth combined with high levels of unemployment can be a recipe for rising populism and further political fallout in the new decade."

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"No, ISIS Isn’t Resurging Amid the Coronavirus Pandemic"

Daniel DePetris empfiehlt, die zuletzt wieder gestiegene Zahl von Anschlägen durch Anhänger des "Islamischen Staates" in Irak, Syrien und Afghanistan nicht als "Comeback" der Terrormiliz überzubewerten. "A spate of recent attacks show the group’s capabilities haven’t advanced in a year. (…) ISIS attacks have taken the form of rudimentary operations like hit-and-run shootings, suicide bombings on soft targets like hospitals, and pot-shots against military checkpoints. In Iraq, this is hardly a sign of a comeback; if anything, it illustrates just how little support ISIS fighters have among an Iraqi population they once lorded over with extreme brutality. (…) ISIS is not the cause of Iraq’s troubles, but rather a symptom of Iraq’s decrepit and shaky politics. It’s a problem U.S. troops simply cannot solve with endless bombing runs, deployments, or training missions — nor should they be expected to solve it."

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"Afghanistan To Resume 'Offensive' Actions Against Taliban In Blow To Peace Deal"

Die afghanische Regierung hat die Wiederaufnahme offensiver Militäroperationen gegen die Taliban angekündigt. Einige Experten fürchten Katie Bo Williams zufolge, dass dieser Schritt den fragilen Friedensprozess zerstören könnte. "The Afghan government was not a party to the negotiations that led to the peace deal in Afghanistan, and the exact impact of Ghani’s announcement is a matter of debate. It was not clear to what extent U.S. military leaders in Kabul were consulted before Ghani’s announcement, or whether U.S. forces will be supporting their Afghan partners in resumed offensive operations against the Taliban. Also unclear is the impact on the U.S.’s withdrawal plans. (…) Some close watchers of the almost two-decade conflict in Afghanistan argued that a total breakdown of any formal reduction in violence was inevitable because the U.S. shoehorned Kabul into a peace agreement that it was not a part of negotiating. 'I would argue 'there never was a peace deal,' and that was the problem from the start,' said Bill Roggio, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies."

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"America’s Allies Are Becoming a Nuclear-Proliferation Threat"

Einige der engsten Verbündeten der USA stellten derzeit mehr oder weniger offene Überlegungen zur Anschaffung eigener Atomwaffen an, warnt Pete Mckenzie. Dies treffe selbst auf Deutschland zu: "Days after the 2016 American election, Reuters published an interview with Roderich Kiesewetter, foreign policy spokesperson for German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservative bloc. Reacting to President Trump’s victory, Kiesewetter declared, 'Europe needs to think about developing its own nuclear deterrent.' (…) The publisher of one influential conservative newspaper even suggested that Germany develop its own nuclear arsenal. 'We initially thought this was going to go away because of how vociferous the opposition was; that it was a phantom debate among fringe elements,' said Tristan Volpe, fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s nuclear program. 'But it’s come back at least four times with some serious people weighing in as proponents.' Germany is not unique. Of all the Trump administration’s global impacts, one of the most worrying is a sudden increase in the risk of nuclear proliferation among American allies, many of whom are considering a nuclear path which America may be unable to control. (…) The most significant steps by an American partner are being taken by Saudi Arabia. It is pursuing civil nuclear capabilities and, according to Carnegie’s Volpe, 'have been quite reluctant to foreswear the option to enrich uranium down the road. They’ve been very coy around it. Well, working-level officials in Saudi Arabia have been very coy.'"

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"Dems Call for 'War' on Coronavirus, But Military Says Help is Limited"


Eine zunehmende Zahl von US-Demokraten fordert eine Beteiligung des Militärs im "Krieg" gegen den Coronavirus. Das Pentagon hat Katie Bo Williams zufolge zurückhaltend reagiert. "Pentagon officials speaking to reporters Monday afternoon cautioned that the military’s ability to create hospital facilities to help handle the growing cases may be limited. 'We do have tent hospitals, deployable hospitals. The challenge is, they’re designed to take care of trauma patients and combat casualties,' U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul Friedrichs, the Joint Staff surgeon, told reporters at the Pentagon and on a conference call, 'We don’t have any 500-bed hospitals designed for infectious disease outbreaks.' The military’s largest moveable medical facility is USNS Comfort, the Navy’s hospital ship. But Friedrichs cautioned that the Comfort is also not designed to care for highly infectious disease patients — its close quarters and enclosed spaces are the opposite of public health recommendations for preventing the spread of the virus."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Fluter Terror


Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert

Kriege sehen heute anders aus als noch vor 100 oder 50 Jahren: oft stehen sich Staaten und bewaffnet...

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