US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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02.04.2020

"Israel's Defense And Spy Agencies Step Up Anti-Coronavirus Efforts"

https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/02/825898681/israels-defense-and-spy-agenci
es-step-up-anti-coronavirus-efforts

Israel setze im internationalen "Wettlauf" um medizinische Versorgungsgüter und Corona-Heilmittel auch auf das eigene Militär und die Geheimdienste, schreibt Daniel Estrin. "Israel does not usually divulge what its covert agencies are up to. Some of the shadowy efforts have come under criticism, particularly over privacy concerns about surveillance. But recent announcements about these agencies' coronavirus war efforts could also serve to reassure a worried public as Israel struggles to contain COVID-19, with more than 6,000 positive cases and more than 30 dead. Here are some examples: (…) A man identified as the Mossad espionage agency's technology chief told Israel's top investigative TV program that the agency was securing more than 100 ventilators, 25,000 N95 medical masks and tens of thousands of virus test kits from unnamed countries. He claimed this involved racing to factories, getting hold of supplies ordered by other countries and coordinating airlifts when airports are closed. A veteran Israeli intelligence affairs journalist criticized the Mossad's procuring medical devices from abroad while Israel's own health officials warned of dire shortages for years."

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31.01.2020

"Trump Administration Loosens Obama-Era Restrictions On Land Mine Use"

https://www.npr.org/2020/01/31/801632498/trump-administration-loosens-obama-era-restrictions-on-land-mine
-use

Colin Dwyer erinnert daran, dass die USA dem internationalen Mine Ban Treaty von 1997 nie beigetreten waren und es sich um eine selbstauferlegte Einschränkung gehandelt habe. "'The Department of Defense has determined that restrictions imposed on American forces by the Obama Administration's policy could place them at a severe disadvantage during a conflict against our adversaries,' said press secretary Stephanie Grisham. 'The President is unwilling to accept this risk to our troops.' In its statement, the administration said a new Defense Department policy will lay out how and when, 'in exceptional circumstances,' U.S. military commanders can deploy land mines equipped with self-destruct/self-deactivation mechanisms. The announcement represents a break with the scores of countries around the world that have banned the weapon's use. More than 160 countries, including NATO allies the U.K. and France, are party to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction — better known as the Mine Ban Treaty, agreed on in 1997 and implemented in 1999. (…) Despite President Clinton's 1994 call for the weapon's elimination, and despite the Obama administration's 2014 decision to largely ban their use, Washington has been reluctant to attach itself to the agreement."

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20.01.2020

"Migrant Caravan Crosses River into Mexico In Standoff With Security Forces"

https://www.npr.org/2020/01/20/797963823/migrant-caravan-crosses-river-into-mexico-in-standoff-with-secur
ity-forces

Im Süden Mexikos hat eine neue Migrantenkarawane aus Zentralamerika versucht, auf ihrem Weg in die USA die Grenze zu überschreiten. Mexikanische Sicherheitskräfte versuchen Berichten zufolge, den Vormarsch der Karawane zu verhindern. "At least 4,000 people who hoped to travel northward to the U.S. entered Guatemala from Honduras last week, according to the Guatemalan government. The migrants threatened to enter by force if authorities refuse to allow that. But now, in Mexico, security officials apparently are not planning to budge. (…) The latest showdown between Central American migrants and Mexico's border enforcers comes after the Mexican government told the Trump administration it would clamp down on migration flows toward Mexico's border with the U.S. Trump has threatened to impose economic sanctions on Mexico if it doesn't crack down harder on migrants."

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04.01.2020

"Was It Legal For The U.S. To Kill A Top Iranian Military Leader?"

https://www.npr.org/2020/01/04/793412105/was-it-legal-for-the-u-s-to-kill-a-top-iranian-military-leader

Das US-Militär hat auf Anordnung von Präsident Trump den vielen Experten zufolge wichtigsten General des iranischen Regimes, Qassim Soleimani, durch einen gezielten Drohnenangriff getötet. Ob die USA damit eigene bzw. internationale Gesetze gebrochen haben, wird Merrit Kennedy und Jackie Northam zufolge unterschiedlich beurteilt. "'I think the best definition would be either one of assassination or murder,' Gary Solis, a retired Marine who taught on the laws of war at West Point, tells NPR. He says what happened is comparable to Iran killing a high-ranking U.S. military official with a bomb on U.S. soil. Assassination is prohibited by a U.S. executive order, says Ashley Deeks, a University of Virginia law professor who focuses on the laws of war. She thinks it is unlikely this meets the definition of an assassination: 'A lawful killing during an armed conflict does not constitute an assassination,' Deeks says. 'As a legal matter, if he were intimately involved in planning and blessing these attacks, then that doesn't seem to render it as assassination.' (…) Scott Anderson, a fellow at the Brookings Institution who served as the legal adviser for the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad during the Obama administration (…), says that the Trump administration's legal justifications are 'adopting a stance that pushes a little beyond what it and prior presidential administrations ... have done in the past.' He says it's hard to argue that the action against Soleimani is completely unlawful under U.S. law – but said that justifications may rely on interpretations of law that are controversial or antiquated."

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14.11.2019

"A Legacy Of Torture Is Preventing Trials At Guantánamo"

https://www.npr.org/2019/11/14/778944195/a-legacy-of-torture-is-preventing-trials-at-guant-namo?t=1573990
442653

Sacha Pfeiffer hält es für möglich, dass der mutmaßliche 9/11-Chefplaner Khalid Sheikh Mohammed und andere Gefangene in Guantanamo Bay aufgrund ihrer systematischen Folter durch die CIA nie vor ein Gericht gestellt werden. "If you travel to Guantánamo, interview attorneys for its prisoners, read its military court transcripts, and review unclassified government documents, this becomes clear: Torture is a major reason there has still been no trial — and may never be one — for alleged Sept. 11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and other Guantánamo prisoners. It's an impediment to trial partly because evidence obtained through torture is rarely admissible in court, potentially weakening prosecution efforts. In addition, information that remains secret, such as the identities of the torturers, could become public at trial, and 'the CIA absolutely does not want that to happen,' said Rick Kammen, the former lead defense attorney for Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, who is charged with orchestrating the October 2000 USS Cole naval warship bombing and has been held at Guantánamo for 13 years. The prisoner abuse detailed in the Senate Intelligence Committee's 2014 report on the CIA's torture program 'probably represents 30% of the reality,' said Kammen, whose role representing a detainee gave him access to some still-classified details. 'The reality is far more brutal and far worse than what is known to the public.' 'As a criminal defense lawyer, I thought my ability to be shocked was pretty high,' he added, 'and yet some of the things I've seen and read are genuinely breathtaking and horrifying.'"

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06.10.2019

"More Than 100 Killed And Thousands Injured In Anti-Government Protests In Iraq"

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/06/767711133/more-than-100-killed-and-thousands-injured-in-anti-government-pr
otests-in-iraq

Bei den Protesten gegen die irakische Regierung sind Berichten zufolge bereits über hundert Menschen getötet worden. "Protesters, who took to the streets on Tuesday frustrated over joblessness and corruption, have been met with live ammunition from security forces attempting to break up the mass demonstrations that have convulsed Baghdad and parts of southern Iraq for days. So far, 104 people have been killed and 6,107 have been wounded in the unrest, according to figures released by Iraqi security officials. More than 1,200 security members are among the injured. Demanding better basic public services like electricity and water and renouncing corruption, a small group of protesters assembled seemingly spontaneously last week before being dispersed by security forces."

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19.06.2019

"Nearly 71 Million People Forcibly Displaced Worldwide As Of 2018, U.N. Report Says"

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/19/733945696/nearly-71-million-people-forcibly-displaced-worldwide-in-2018-sa
ys-u-n-report

Dem jährlich erscheinenden "Global Trends"-Bericht der UNO zufolge sind bis zum Ende des vergangenen Jahres weltweit fast 71 Millionen Menschen durch Krieg, Verfolgung und Gewalt vertrieben worden. "The figure represents an increase of more than 2 million in the number of refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people from the year before, and a near 65% increase from a decade ago. It is also the highest number in UNHCR history. 'The global trends, once again unfortunately, go in what I would say is the wrong direction,' U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi told reporters in Geneva at the launch of the report, which comes just a day before World Refugee Day. The report reveals that 13.6 million people were newly displaced in 2018. Ethiopia topped the list with more than 1.5 million people newly displaced during the year, most of them within their own country. Syria was next with nearly 900,000."

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29.05.2019

"In Yemen Conflict, Some See A New Age Of Drone Warfare"

https://www.npr.org/2019/05/29/726760128/in-yemen-conflict-some-see-a-new-age-of-drone-warfare

Geoff Brumfiel schreibt, dass im Krieg in Jemen immer wieder kleine Drohnen zum Einsatz kommen. Einige Experten sähen in dieser Entwicklung den Beginn einer neuen Ära der Drohnenkriegführung. "The small drones used by the Houthis pose some significant problems for conventional militaries, according to Nicholas Heras, a fellow at the Center for a New American Security. 'They're difficult to stop because they're low profile,' he says. 'They don't give off a lot of radar signature, they fly relatively slowly.' Moreover, using GPS, they can navigate through holes in air defenses. (...) [Nick Waters, a researcher with the U.K.-based online investigative group Bellingcat], who tracks weapons systems in Yemen and elsewhere, says low-tech drone warfare is here to stay. Small drones are showing up in conflict zones from Ukraine to the Philippines. 'These things are going to be around, simply because the capability they give is really, really useful, and they're not that expensive,' he says. 'If I wanted to start an insurgency, or start my own little militia, one of the first things I would do ... is to buy a drone.'"

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24.04.2019

"Here's Why The Trump Administration's Iran Sanctions Strategy Won't Work"

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/24/716319360/opinion-heres-why-the-trump-administrations-iran-sanctions-strat
egy-wont-work

Aaron David Miller und Richard Sokolsky sind der Ansicht, dass die US-Regierung ihre erklärten Ziele gegenüber dem Iran mit der aktuellen Sanktionsstrategie nicht erreichen wird. "Pressure — in the form of military threats, economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation — can be an effective tool if it's tethered to a comprehensive and realistic strategy that combines carrots and sticks. But a strategy that insists on getting 100 percent of what the administration wants while denying Iran anything it wants is doomed to failure. (...) the Iranian regime remains legitimate in the eyes of millions of Iranians, has been in place for four decades, retains tremendous repressive power, enjoys the support of Russia and China and faces no organized opposition on the ground. It is fantastical thinking to believe that Washington could get rid of the regime. If internal changes come, they will be driven primarily by Iranians themselves. In fact, Trump is likely to leave before the mullahs do. The Trump administration can cause Iran severe pain, but it cannot trigger massive internal unrest that will precipitate the collapse of the regime or a fundamental change in Iran's regional behavior."

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16.02.2019

"U.S. Masses Aid Along Venezuelan Border As Some Humanitarian Groups Warn Of Risks"

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/16/695154567/u-s-masses-aid-along-venezuelan-border-as-some-humanitarian-grou
ps-warn-of-risks?t=1550481667583

Die US-Regierung verfolgt mit ihren Hilfslieferungen an die Bevölkerung in Venezuela John Otis zufolge nicht nur humanitäre Ziele. Die öffentlichkeitswirksame Operation an der Grenze zu Kolumbien soll demnach auch die Maduro-Regierung unter Druck setzen und den gewünschten Regimewechsel forcieren. Einige Hilfsorganisationen hätten die Aktion deshalb kritisiert. "Other critics have drawn parallels between the U.S. operation and Russia's intervention in eastern Ukraine in 2014, when it sent more than 250 aid trucks into the country without Red Cross escorts or customs clearance. U.S. officials acknowledge that positioning the aid on the border is, in part, designed to provoke. The idea is to convince Venezuelan military officers to defy Maduro's orders and allow the aid into the country. (...) the risks of linking humanitarian assistance to regime change are already coming into focus, with some Venezuelan aid workers being denounced by the Maduro government as opposition activists, says Daniel Almeida of CARE International, which partners with aid groups in Venezuela. 'Local NGOs have received some ... warnings because of their engagement with international aid. The whole environment is becoming more aggressive,' Almeida said. Another danger, experts say, is that Maduro — who currently allows in some humanitarian assistance from various international agencies — could close the door on aid altogether."

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19.01.2019

"Leaving Syria Is Far Less Risky Than Staying"

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/19/686489841/opinion-leaving-syria-is-far-less-risky-than-staying

Die anhaltende Bedrohung durch den IS in Syrien hat Forderungen nach einer Abkehr vom angekündigten Rückzug der US-Truppen laut werden lassen. Aaron David Miller und Richard Sokolsky würden eine Fortführung des Militäreinsatzes allerdings für hochriskant halten. "There are risks in departing Syria, but there are far greater ones in staying. That's particularly true if the U.S. cannot achieve the goals it has set publicly, and if Russia, Iran and Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime continue to have their way. Paradoxically, staying in Syria under these circumstances can make America look weak, too. (...) With no political support at home, outmaneuvered by Iran and Russia, and no real will to make a major commitment, Washington stood little chance of altering the political or battlefield balance. What seems to have finally dawned on an already risk-averse Trump administration is the painful but necessary realization that the standard for success in Syria has never been could we win, but when could we leave."

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01.03.2018

"Journalists Argue Russian Interference Has Been Exaggerated"

https://www.npr.org/2018/03/01/589802123/journalists-argue-russian-interference-has-been-exaggerated

Die beiden Journalisten Masha Gessen und Adrian Chen, die sich für den New Yorker seit langem mit Russland beschäftigen, erläutern in diesem Interview mit NPR, warum sie die Vorstellung, dass Moskau die US-Wahlen mit Hilfe einiger Internet-Trolle entschieden habe, für "grob vereinfachend" halten. Putin und seine Berater hätten ohne Zweifel ein Interesse an größerer Unruhe in den USA, die aktuelle Debatte spiele ihnen gerade deshalb in die Hände, so Gessen. "I think that Russian meddling in the election is an important issue. At the same time, the simplistic narrative that basically imagines that a bunch of subliterate-in-English trolls posting mostly static and sort of absurd advertising could have influenced American public opinion to such an extent that it fundamentally changed American politics is ridiculous on the face of it. And the fact that we're sort of falling deeper and deeper into that vision of the story is a little nuts. (...) I think we should be awake to the fact that Putin believes and his circle believes that democracy is messy, flawed and ultimately not viable. And a lot of what they do is sort of a self-fulfilling prophecy. They mess with the United States, and when messing with the United States seems to make the United States more messy, then that proves the point. It proves to the people of Russia that what they think of as stability is infinitely preferable to the unpredictability and peril of a democratic process."

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13.06.2016

"In Wake Of Orlando Shooting, Clinton Suggests Broader Terrorist Watch Lists"

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/13/481853366/in-wake-of-orlando-shooting-clinton-suggests-broader-terror-watch
-lists

Präsidentschaftskandidatin Hillary Clinton hat nach dem Massaker von Orlando eine Ausweitung der Beobachtungslisten für den Antiterrorkampf angeregt, um terroristische Einzeltäter wie Omar Mateen frühzeitig entdecken zu können. "In the wake of the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, Hillary Clinton told NPR that in order to counter 'self-radicalization,' she wanted to create a team 'exclusively dedicated to detecting and preventing lone wolf attacks' and possibly even expand terrorist watch lists. She also called for creating more 'integrated intelligence use' among local, state and national law enforcement; 'strengthening communication' with other countries; and working with Silicon Valley to 'prevent online radicalization.'"

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24.02.2014

"If You Think You're Anonymous Online, Think Again"

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/02/24/282061990/if-you-think-youre-anonymous-online-think
-again

NPR hat in diesem Radiointerview mit Julia Angwin über deren neues Buch "Dragnet Nation - A Quest for Privacy, Security, and Freedom in a World of Relentless Surveillance" gesprochen. "Investigative reporter Julia Angwin was curious what Google knew about her, so she asked the company for her search data. 'It turns out I had been doing about 26,000 Google searches a month ... and I was amazed at how revealing they were,' she tells Fresh Air's Dave Davies. From NSA sweeps to commercial services scraping our Web browsing habits, to all kinds of people tracking us through our smartphones, Angwin says we've become a society where indiscriminate data-gathering has become the norm. Angwin has covered online privacy issues for years, and in her new book she describes what she did to try to escape the clutches of data scrapers, even to the point of creating a fake identity."

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31.01.2014

"The End Of Privacy"

http://www.npr.org/programs/ted-radio-hour/265352348/the-end-of-privacy

Die Medienorganisation NPR hat auf ihrer Website fünf Vorträge zusammengestellt, in denen sich Experten zu Fragen des Datenschutzes und zur Zukunft der Privatsphäre äußern. "In this hour, TED speakers explore our changing notions of privacy, the consequences, and whether privacy will soon be a relic of the past."

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