US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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27.07.2020

"Kim Jong Un Says Nuclear Weapons Ensure North Korea's Security: 'There Won’t Be Any War on This Land Again'"

https://time.com/5872525/kim-jong-un-north-korea-nuclear-weapons-security/

Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong Un hat die Atomwaffen seines Landes als "solide Sicherheitsgarantie" bezeichnet und damit die Aussichten auf eine neue Verhandlungsrunde mit den USA weiter sinken lassen. "Kim’s speech followed recent remarks by both North Korean and U.S. officials suggesting they were reluctant to engage in a new round of diplomacy on the North’s nuclear program anytime soon. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had said President Donald Trump would only want to engage with Kim if there were real prospects of progress. Kim’s sister and senior ruling party official, Kim Yo Jong, said a new summit would be 'unpractical' for North Korea and that Pyongyang won’t gift Trump a high-level meeting that he can boast as a foreign policy achievement."

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22.07.2020

"Why Armed Groups in Latin America Are Enforcing COVID-19 Lockdowns"

https://time.com/5870054/coronavirus-latin-america-armed-groups/

In einigen entlegenen Regionen Kolumbiens hätten bewaffnete Gruppen in der Coronakrise die Aufgabe übernommen, Lockdown-Regeln in der Bevölkerung durchzusetzen, berichtet Ciara Nugent. Auch in anderen Ländern Lateinamerikas würden Drogenbanden und Guerillagruppen die Schwäche staatlicher Institutionen in der Krise für sich ausnutzen. "Latin America is the current center of the pandemic, with more than 3.5 million cases across the region and numbers in many countries still rising sharply. Analysts say COVID-19 is worsening the region’s problem with 'criminal governance' – where the state loses control over a part of its territory as non-state armed groups, such as drug gangs and guerrilla forces, take over and effectively govern small areas. Groups in Colombia, Brazil, Mexico and elsewhere have taken on the fight against COVID-19, allowing them to claim an interest in the public good, and strengthen their violent grip on local communities—in a way that could be permanent."

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20.07.2020

"Trump’s Biggest Foreign Policy Win So Far"

https://time.com/5868095/trumps-biggest-foreign-policy-win/

Ian Bremmer hält das Nachgeben Großbritanniens im Huawei-Streit für den bisher größten außenpolitischen Erfolg des US-Präsidenten. "It’s time we acknowledge that the U.S. fight for tech supremacy versus China has been the single most successful foreign policy of the Donald Trump Administration. It’s not even close. (…) to his credit, it was under Trump that the issue of tech divergence with China has been prioritized, exposing and publicizing the challenge of a system that potentially gives an authoritarian, state capitalist country such wide-ranging data and surveillance capacity. (…) there are two critical things the U.S., and by extension the Trump administration, has going for it when it comes to tech. The first is Silicon Valley; for all the billions China has pumped into its own tech industry, the most innovative and cutting-edge tech and talent is still coming out of the U.S.. (…) The second thing the Trump administration has going for it is that despite Trump’s unorthodox style of diplomacy, at this point a decoupled tech sphere between China and the West is the preferred policy and strategic outcome of virtually every U.S. ally given current geopolitical realities."

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24.06.2020

"North Korea's Kim Halts Military Moves Against South After Week of Escalation"

https://time.com/5858460/north-korea-halts-military-retaliation-south/

Nordkorea hat nach einer Woche von Drohgebärden und gefährlichen Provokationen eine Deeskalation der Krise an der Grenze zu Südkorea angekündigt. Experten betrachten den Schritt als zwischenzeitlichen taktischen Rückzug, um Südkorea zu Zugeständnissen zu bewegen. "Last week, the North had declared relations with the South as fully ruptured, destroyed an inter-Korean liaison office in its territory and threatened unspecified military action to censure Seoul for a lack of progress in bilateral cooperation and for activists floating anti-Pyongyang leaflets across the border. Analysts say North Korea, after weeks deliberately raising tensions, may be pulling away just enough to make room for South Korean concessions. If Kim does eventually opt for military action, he may resume artillery drills and other exercises in frontline areas or have vessels deliberately cross the disputed western maritime border between the Koreas, which has been the scene of bloody skirmishes in past years. However, any action is likely to be measured to prevent full-scale retaliation from South Korean and U.S. militaries."

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17.06.2020

"Unquiet on the Western Front: Why the 74-Year Alliance Between Europe and America is Falling Apart"

https://time.com/5855200/us-europe-alliance-failing/

Die jüngsten Beratungen der Nato-Verteidigungsminister haben nach Ansicht von John Walcott den Eindruck nicht entkräften können, dass das transatlantische Bündnis immer mehr auseinanderdrifte. "The only tangible agreement the 90-minute conference produced, multiple officials acknowledged, was what State Department spokesperson Morgan Ortagus called 'joint U.S. and EU resolve to uphold Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and our insistence that Russia cease its aggressive actions in the Donbas region' of eastern Ukraine. 'Out of the thousand issues that we discuss with the EU on a daily basis, they could only agree on the Donbas (which is a hot mess that no one is paying attention to),' Conley of CSIS noted in an email. The erosion of transatlantic cooperation could prove costly as new global threats such as the current and future pandemics, climate change, cybercrime, and economic competition multiply."

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16.06.2020

"After Blowing Up a Liaison Office, North Korea's Military Says It Will Enter More Sites Symbolizing Inter-Korean Cooperation"

https://time.com/5854695/north-south-korea-military-tensions/

Nordkorea hat nach der aufsehenerregenden Sprengung eines Verbindungsbüros die vor zwei Jahren vereinbarten Entspannungsmaßnahmen an der Grenze zu Südkorea praktisch für null und nichtig erklärt. "North Korea said Wednesday it will redeploy troops to now-shuttered inter-Korean cooperation sites, reinstall guard posts and resume military exercises at front-line areas, nullifying the landmark tension-reducing deals reached with South Korea just two years ago. The announcement came a day after North Korea destroyed an inter-Korean liaison office in a choreographed display of anger that puts pressure on Washington and Seoul amid deadlocked nuclear diplomacy. (…) The North said it will resume military exercises and reestablish guard posts in border areas and open front-line sites for flying propaganda balloons toward South Korea. It said it’ll upgrade front-line military readiness to 'top-class combat duty system,' while citizens are ready to 'launch the largest ever leaflet scattering with a blitz.' These steps would end September 2018 agreements reached during inter-Korean diplomacy that were aimed at lowering military tensions at border areas."

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08.06.2020

"North Korea Says It Is Cutting Communication Ties With the South Over Anti-Kim Leaflets"

https://time.com/5850431/north-korea-cuts-communication-leaflets/

Nordkorea hat die Schließung aller Kommunikationskanäle nach Südkorea angekündigt. Die Regierung wirft dem Süden vor, an der Grenze die Verbreitung von Flugblättern durch konservative Aktivisten zuzulassen. "The North Korean warning came as relations between the Koreas have been strained amid a prolonged deadlock in broader nuclear diplomacy between Pyongyang and Washington. Some experts say North Korea may be deliberately creating tensions to bolster internal unity or launch a bigger provocation in the face of persistent U.S.-led sanctions. The North’s Korean Central News Agency said all cross-border communication lines will be cut off at noon. It said it will be 'the first step of the determination to completely shut down all contact means with South Korea and get rid of unnecessary things.' (…) South Korean conservative activists, including North Korean defectors living in the South, for years have floated huge balloons into North Korea that carry leaflets criticizing Kim Jong Un over his nuclear ambitions and abysmal human rights record. The leafleting has long been a source of tensions between the Koreas since the North bristles at any attempt to undermine the Kim leadership."

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08.06.2020

"France to Ban Police Chokeholds Following George Floyd's Killing"

https://time.com/5850249/france-bans-chokeholds-police/

Die französische Regierung will der eigenen Polizei angesichts der verbreiteten Proteste gegen den Tod des Afroamerikaners George Floyd künftig verbieten, Würgegriffe zur Immobilisierung von Festgenommenen anzuwenden. "With the French government under increasing pressure to address accusations of brutality and racism within the police force, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner announced Monday that 'the method of seizing the neck via strangling will be abandoned and will no longer be taught in police schools.' He said that during an arrest, 'it will be now forbidden to push on the back of the neck or the neck.' 'No arrest should put lives at risk,' he said. (…) In addition, Castaner said that more police officers will be equipped with body cameras to help ensure that identity checks don’t lead to discrimination against minority groups, as human rights groups accuse French police of ethnic profiling."

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03.06.2020

"'Dangerous:' Around the World, Police Chokeholds Are Being Scrutinized"

https://time.com/5847134/police-chokeholds/

Der Tod von George Floyd hat John Leicester zufolge dazu geführt, dass Polizeikräfte in anderen Ländern ihre Techniken zur Immobilisierung von Verdächtigen ebenfalls überprüfen. "Police rules and procedures on chokeholds and restraints vary internationally. In Belgium, police instructor Stany Durieux says he reprimands trainees, docking them points, 'every time I see a knee applied to the spinal column.' 'It is also forbidden to lean on a suspect completely, as this can crush his rib cage and suffocate him,' he said. Condemned by police and experts in the United States, Floyd’s death also drew criticism from officers abroad who disassociated themselves from the behavior of Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin. (…) Christophe Rouget, a police union official who briefed lawmakers for their deliberations in March about the proposal to ban suffocating techniques, said if officers don’t draw pistols or use stun-guns then immobilizing people face-down is the safest option, stopping suspects from kicking out at arresting officers. 'We don’t have 5,000 options,' he said. 'These techniques are used by all the police in the world because they represent the least amount of danger. The only thing is that they have to be well used. In the United States, we saw that it wasn’t well used, with pressure applied in the wrong place and for too long.'"

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20.05.2020

"Canadian Teen Charged With Terrorism Over Attack Allegedly Motivated By 'Incel Movement'"

https://time.com/5839395/canada-teen-terrorism-incel-attack/

Weil seine Tat durch eine gewalttätige frauenfeindliche Ideologie motiviert war, wurde der Attentäter von Toronto nun wegen Terrorismus angeklagt, nachdem die Ermittler Beweise für dieses Motiv dafür gefunden hatten, berichtet die Times. "The teen, who cannot be named because he is a minor, is believed to be the first individual to be charged with terrorism on these grounds. 'Terrorism comes in many forms and it’s important to note that it is not restricted to any particular group, religion or ideology,' said the RCMP in a statement released on Tuesday."

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14.05.2020

"How China Could Emerge Even Stronger After COVID-19"

https://time.com/5836611/china-superpower-reopening-coronavirus/

Charlie Campbell beschreibt in seinem ausführlichen Bericht aus Shanghai, welche Schritte China unternimmt, um wirtschaftlich und politisch gestärkt aus der Coronakrise hervorzugehen. "The U.S. response to COVID-19 has been so muddled, it’s not yet possible to say how much of the sluggishness is due to unreadiness, how much to incompetence, and how much to the American system of governance, with its emphasis on individual freedoms over centralized authority. What does seem clear is that the performance of the Chinese system of broad state controls – over both citizens and the economy – offers Beijing a unique chance to steal a march on the future. During a recent tour of China’s northern province of Shaanxi, President Xi Jinping instructed cadres to 'turn the crisis into an opportunity.' How well it succeeds in doing so could have ramifications for the entire world order."

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14.05.2020

"Why We Need the World Health Organization, Despite Its Flaws"

https://time.com/5836602/world-health-organization-coronavirus/

Ian Bremmer meint, dass der WHO in der amerikanischen Corona-Debatte gegenwärtig zu Unrecht der Schwarze Peter zugeschoben wird. Die Kritik an der Weltgesundheitsorganisation sei zum Teil durchaus berechtigt, ein Rückzug der USA würde allerdings ein politisches Vakuum entstehen lassen, das von China nur allzu gern gefüllt würde. "China, which didn’t stop possibly infected citizens from traveling the world, could use its financial muscle to build a new global health agency, one that could benefit from China’s unique position in the global medical-supply chain to become first responders to health crises. (…) A Chinese version of the WHO would not allow the transparency that the world needs from such an organization. Today’s WHO, like all multinational institutions working in politically sensitive areas, has big flaws. Like any U.N. agency, it can’t function without the goodwill of the governments it must rely upon for access. The WHO can be accused of not calling out China for its first critical response to this virus, but the organization could not study the virus from outside Wuhan. Call Beijing a liar, and the resulting eviction of WHO officials from China could kill millions. Scrapping this organization would leave us racing to build a new one before the next crisis."

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13.05.2020

"To Annex or Not to Annex: What Will Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Do Next?"

https://time.com/5835869/benjamin-netahyahu-west-bank-annex/

Israels Premierminister Netanjahu steht Aaron David Miller zufolge derzeit vor der kritischen Entscheidung, die lange angekündigte Annexion weiter Teile des Westjordanlands tatsächlich durchzuführen, oder den Schritt angesichts der Risiken zumindest aufzuschieben. "To move forward with annexation Netanyahu will need to persuade himself no matter how alluring and attractive the upsides that the downsides are manageable. A cool and clinical assessment might argue for caution and prudence. The Prime Minister’s trial begins on May 24 and defending himself before the judges in Jerusalem court will require time and effort. Israel has managed COVID-19 remarkably well. But economic recession looms and there’s no guarantee that the virus won’t return in the future. Then there are the Arabs, the Palestinians, and the international community to consider. None of these are necessarily hard stops. But no Israeli Prime Minister since the inception of the state has expanded Israel’s relations more in the Arab world, especially in the Gulf. Relations with Egypt have never been better; Jordan-Israel ties are strained. And a move to unilaterally annex parts of the West Bank effective, let alone declare sovereignty over the Jordan Valley, may cause King Abdullah to crater them. And why risk riling up Palestinians — now divided, weak and dysfunctional when the world seems to have all but forgotten them?"

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29.04.2020

"With the World Busy Fighting COVID-19, Could ISIS Mount a Resurgence?"

https://time.com/5828630/isis-coronavirus/

Der "Islamische Staat" könnte die durch die Coronakrise herbeigeführte globale Instabilität für eine neue Offensive nutzen, so die Warnung von Terrorismus-Experten. In den letzten Wochen ist es demnach bereits zu vermehrten Anschlägen gekommen, die dem IS zugeschrieben werden. "ISIS has now begun its 'annual barrage of increased incitements for the month of Ramadan,' reads an April 21 SITE Intelligence communique. The holy month, which began on April 24, is a time for prayer and reflection for the vast majority of Muslims. But for years, ISIS has attempted to make it one of violence and bloodshed. Here’s what to know about the threat the group poses amid COVID-19."

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15.04.2020

"Mikhail Gorbachev: When the Pandemic Is Over, the World Must Come Together"

https://time.com/5820669/mikhail-gorbachev-coronavirus-human-security/

In diesem schon etwas älteren Beitrag plädiert der frühere Präsident der Sowjetunion und Friedensnobelpreisträger Michail Gorbatschow dafür, dass die Corona-Pandemie als Sprungbrett für eine neue internationale Kooperation genutzt werden sollte. "What we urgently need now is a rethinking of the entire concept of security. Even after the end of the Cold War, it has been envisioned mostly in military terms. Over the past few years, all we’ve been hearing is talk about weapons, missiles and airstrikes. This year, the world has already been on the brink of clashes that could involve great powers, with serious hostilities in Iran, Iraq and Syria. And though the participants eventually stepped back, it was the same dangerous and reckless policy of brinkmanship. Is it not clear by now that wars and the arms race cannot solve today’s global problems? War is a sign of defeat, a failure of politics. The overriding goal must be human security: providing food, water and a clean environment and caring for people’s health. To achieve it, we need to develop strategies, make preparations, plan and create reserves. But all efforts will fail if governments continue to waste money by fueling the arms race. I’ll never tire of repeating: we need to demilitarize world affairs, international politics and political thinking."

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25.03.2020

"Coronavirus Is Closing Borders in Europe and Beyond. What Does That Mean for Refugees?"

https://time.com/5806577/coronavirus-refugees/

Viele Flüchtlinge und Migranten an den Grenzen zu Europa sorgen sich Mélissa Godin zufolge aktuell nicht nur um ihre Gesundheit in den überfüllten Lagern, sondern grundsätzlich um die Erfolgsaussichten ihrer Pläne. "While only one case of COVID-19 has been recorded on the five Greek islands that shelter 42,000 refugees, experts say the coronavirus will spread uncontrollably if it reaches the camps. But the virus puts more than just refugees’ health at risk: it could threaten their relocation to other E.U. countries as part of the asylum-seeking process. 'I’m worried that coronavirus will affect whether I can be in a country that I want to be in,' Rahimi says. Human rights activists worry that E.U. countries, particularly Greece, will use the coronavirus as an excuse to suspend asylum or relocation. (…) experts fear that as politicians scramble to contain the spread of the coronavirus, asylum seekers will be affected. They also worry that the relocation of refugees from Greece’s overcrowded camps to other E.U. countries will likely be put on the back burner."

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24.03.2020

"Libya Reports First Coronavirus Case as the Pandemic Sweeps Across the Middle East"

https://time.com/5809453/libya-middle-east-coronavirus-covid19/

Der Coronavirus ist nun offiziell auch in Libyen angekommen. "Libya recorded its first confirmed case of the coronavirus on Tuesday, the U.N.-backed government announced, stoking concern that an outbreak could overwhelm the war-torn country’s already weakened health care system. As the coronavirus pandemic sweeps across the Middle East, countries have sought to slow the increase of cases by limiting the movements of hundreds of millions of people. The Arab world’s most populous country, Egypt, as well as Syria, a country ravaged by nine years of war, became the latest countries to impose nightly curfews starting this week."

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21.03.2020

"How Religious Leaders Can Help Stop the Spread of Coronavirus"

https://time.com/5807372/coronavirus-religion-science/

Elaine Howard Ecklund meint, dass Religionsführer einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Bekämpfung der Corona-Pandemie leisten könnten. "The interaction between religious and scientific communities can sometimes be inhibited by a perception that they don’t share the same worldview. But my research shows that scientists often do their work out of a core value to heal the world around them. In my interviews with religious scientists, I’ve found that many of them feel similarly about their work and their goals, sometimes drawing on the concept of Shalom, a Hebrew word that broadly refers to seeking peace, harmony, well-being and prosperity that result from the flourishing of all creation. One immunologist told me not long ago, 'I see science as an amazing tool to intervene on the human condition.' If ever religious and scientific communities need to join together in pursuing wholeness and healing for the world, it’s now. Many studies over the past decade shows us that congregations are often the first and most trusted responders in the most vulnerable communities. People are more likely to turn to their faith communities during times of anxiety and emergency. We need to be sure that religious leaders have accurate and up-to-date scientific and medical information to pass on to their congregations in order to slow the rate of disease spread."

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21.03.2020

"Top Geopolitical Risks in 2020: Coronavirus Update"

https://time.com/5807597/top-geopolitical-risks-in-2020-coronavirus-update/

Der Politikwissenschaftler Ian Bremmer hat unter dem Eindruck der Corona-Pandemie einen erneuten Blick auf seine zu Beginn des Jahres erstellte Liste der geopolitischen Risiken für 2020 geworfen. "Coronavirus hasn’t just overturned daily life as we know it; it’s also upended global politics. I’ve been working on figuring out what coronavirus means for geopolitics beyond the immediate crisis that we’re in. As such, I’ve revisited our Top Risks 2020 that we published back in January and have updated them (the first time in our history we’ve ever done that) with the potential impact that the coronavirus will have on each of them."

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17.03.2020

"Coronavirus Fears Fueling Spike in Sales of Guns and Ammunition"

https://time.com/5804562/coronavirus-fears-gun-sales/

In den USA hat die Furcht vor dem Coronavirus den Absatz von Waffen und Munition in die Höhe schnellen lassen. "The world’s largest gun store, in metro Atlanta, has had lines that are six and eight people deep. A gun store in Los Angeles had lines that stretched down the block. And at least one store in Idaho put limits on sales after its shelves were nearly cleared out. (…) Sales spiked in a matter of days, industry experts say. Some of the purchases are made by people buying their first firearm. Others are existing gun owners adding to their collection or stocking up on ammunition after seeing grocery stores depleted, schools closed and big events canceled, including the National Rifle Association’s annual meeting. (…) Betsy Terrell, a 61-year-old resident of Decatur, Georgia, said she thought for years about purchasing a handgun and decided to finally get one after seeing chaos at her local Costco, with long lines and people stockpiling goods. She feels the metro Atlanta area already has a lot of crime. She’s worried that if the economy tanks, crime will rise even more. (…) It was a decision she’s somewhat surprised she took. She has a lot of friends who oppose firearms and won’t be advertising her purchase on Facebook. 'I’m crashing a line I thought I’d never crash.'"

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10.03.2020

"The U.N. Has Unanimously Backed the U.S.-Taliban Peace Deal for Afghanistan"

https://time.com/5800607/un-us-taliban-peace-deal-afghanistan/

Der UN-Sicherheitsrat hat den von den USA und den Taliban ausgehandelten Friedensplan in seltener Einmütigkeit begrüßt. "The United States won unanimous U.N. Security Council backing Tuesday for the ambitious peace deal it signed with the Taliban aimed at ending the long war in Afghanistan and bringing U.S. troops home. The U.S.-sponsored resolution 'welcomes the significant steps towards ending the war and opening the door to intra-Afghan negotiations' enabled by the U.S.-Taliban joint declaration signed Feb. 29. The resolution also 'welcomes the intention of all Afghan parties to pursue the successful negotiation of an inclusive political settlement and a permanent and comprehensive cease-fire.' (…) Russia got language in the resolution on combating traffic in opiates from Afghanistan. And China, whose $1 trillion 'belt and road' global infrastructure program has projects in Afghanistan, got a reference to 'efforts of regional cooperation for regional development' in the final text."

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10.03.2020

"Why the E.U. Is Doomed to Repeat the Mistakes of the 2015 Refugee Crisis"

https://time.com/5800116/eu-refugees-turkey-greece-border/

Die EU stehe der aktuellen Grenzkrise in Griechenland mit den gleichen unzureichenden politischen Mitteln gegenüber wie der Flüchtlingskrise von 2015, schreibt Charlotte McDonald-Gibson in ihrer Reportage von der Grenze. "In theory, the E.U. should be prepared by now, says Vasilis Stravaridis, General Director of MSF Greece. 'We are talking about five years that we have a chronic emergency — this is not something new,' he tells TIME. 'There should be a holistic plan which involves all E.U. member state governments to facilitate the evacuation of all these people.' But the bloc seems doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past. There were already signs that the Turkey deal was not holding. The numbers arriving to claim asylum in Greece had been rising before Erdogan’s announcement, with around 75,000 arrivals in 2019 – the highest number since 2016. That trend emerged last summer, but there was no new agreement on processing arrivals or distributing people among other E.U. nations, should there be a dramatic increase."

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20.02.2020

"Trump Taps Loyalist Richard Grenell as Acting Head of Intelligence"

https://time.com/5787168/richard-grenell-acting-director-national-intelligence/

Richard Grenell ist von US-Präsident Trump zum neuen Geheimdienstkoordinator ernannt worden. Grenell hatte als US-Botschafter in Berlin mit zum Teil scharfer Kritik an der deutschen Regierung mehrfach für Aufsehen gesorgt. "President Donald Trump on Wednesday announced that Richard Grenell, the U.S. ambassador to Germany, will become acting director of national intelligence, a move that puts a staunch Trump ally in charge of the nation’s 17 spy agencies, which the president has only tepidly embraced. 'Rick has represented our Country exceedingly well and I look forward to working with him,' Trump tweeted. (…) Grenell, a loyal and outspoken Trump supporter, has been the U.S. ambassador to Germany since 2018. He previously served as U.S. spokesman at the United Nations in the George W. Bush administration, including under then-Ambassador John Bolton. News of the announcement was quickly criticized by those who said the job should be held by someone with deep experience in intelligence."

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07.02.2020

"Brexit Has Revived the Prospect of a United Ireland. Could It Actually Happen?"

https://time.com/5779707/irish-reunification-likelihood/

Auch Jennifer Duggan hat sich mit der plötzlich nicht mehr völlig unrealistisch erscheinenden Aussicht auf eine Vereinigung der irischen Insel beschäftigt. "Since the Irish War of Independence against Britain ended in 1921, the island of Ireland has been divided into North and South. But reunification has always remained an aspiration for Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland and political parties in the Republic - without any clear path to fruition. Now, nearly a century after the island was divided, reunification is back on the agenda as a realistic possibility and not just a long term goal. (…) While Brexit highlighted the complicated issue of identity in Northern Ireland, most experts say the path to Irish unity is too murky for it to happen any time soon. While a border poll might be successful in the Republic, there is a good chance it would be voted down in the North, says Dermot Ahern, a former Fianna Fáil minister who was a key player in the peace process. (…) And Irish unity may not take the exact form that Sinn Féin and other parties have aspired to since the partition. Experts say it could be more about retaining membership of the E.U. than a united 32 country republic. It is more likely 'that you might have some kind of federal arrangement where you have a united Ireland but the North having its own governing system within it,' explains MacCarthaigh."

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25.01.2020

"'This Is Huge': Worst Locust Swarm in Decades Destroy Crops in East Africa"

https://time.com/5771621/locust-swarms-africa/

Ben Curtis, Josphat Kasire und Cara Anna berichten aus Kenia über die riesigen Heuschreckenschwärme in Ostafrika, die die Ernte und damit die Ernährungssicherheit in der gesamten Region bedrohen. "The worst outbreak of desert locusts in Kenya in 70 years has seen hundreds of millions of the bugs swarm into the East African nation from Somalia and Ethiopia. Those two countries have not had an infestation like this in a quarter-century, destroying farmland and threatening an already vulnerable region with devastating hunger. (…) When rains arrive in March and bring new vegetation across much of the region, the numbers of the fast-breeding locusts could grow 500 times before drier weather in June curbs their spread, the United Nations says. (…) About $70 million is needed to step up aerial pesticide spraying, the only effective way to combat them, the U.N. says. That won’t be easy, especially in Somalia, where parts of the country are in the grip of the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab extremist group."

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15.01.2020

"'A Bloodless Revolution.' Putin’s Plan to Rewrite Russia’s Constitution Could Allow Him to Lead for Years to Come"

https://time.com/5765534/vladimir-putin-russia-constitution-medvedev/

Für Simon Shuster besteht kein Zweifel daran, dass der russsiche Präsident Putin mit den angekündigten Verfassungsreformen seine Führungsmacht langfristig sichern möchte. In welcher Form dies geschehen wird, sei auch von der Reaktion der russischen Öffentlichkeit abhängig. "The details of his plan were vague and in many ways confusing, though their significance was not lost on those close to the Kremlin. 'You wanted a bloodless revolution?' tweeted one of Putin’s favored messengers, Margarita Simonyan, who leads the RT television network. 'Here you go.' (…) As Putin’s longserving adviser Gleb Pavlovsky once told me, Putin is a shrewd tactician and a lousy strategist. Rather than settling on a long-term course and sticking to it, he likes to keep a range of options open. Depending on the public mood and the risks that arise in the moment, he then places his bet on a short-term maneuver, making sure to leave just enough space to turn back or change course if necessary. (…) The end of [his] two terms is still four years away. But that is clearly close enough for Putin to set Operation 2024 in motion. Its outcome will depend on factors that are still very hard to predict. How will the Russian public respond to the prospect of a leader for life? How strong are the loyalties of Russia’s elites heading into this new phase of Putinism?"

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08.01.2020

"Iran's Retaliation Gives President Trump an 'Obvious Off-Ramp,' but Tension – and Confusion – Remain"

https://time.com/5761125/iran-missiles-trump-off-ramp/

Der iranische Raketenangriff auf zwei Militärstützpunkte im Irak wird von einigen US-Experten als Gelegenheit zur Entspannung der Krise betrachtet. "As the Pentagon assessed the damage, U.S. officials who were not authorized to speak publicly on the matter, told TIME that no Americans were killed in the assault on Ain al-Asad air base in Anbar province and another military installation in Erbil, located in Iraq’s northern Kurdistan region. (…) James Clapper, a former Director of National Intelligence, said the Iranians had three audiences in carrying out the missile strike: their own public, the U.S. and the Iraqis. 'Zarif’s statement was very temperate, and implies they have ‘concluded’ their retaliation,” he said. 'We may well have dodged a bullet, if Trump can contain himself.'"

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16.12.2019

"U.S. Diplomat Says Washington Won’t Accept North Korea's Year-End Nuclear Deadline"

https://time.com/5750567/north-korea-nuclear-deadline-negotiations/

Der US-Verhandlungsführer bei den Gesprächen mit Nordkorea, Stephen Biegun, hat das Ultimatum Pjöngjangs, das bis zum 31. Dezember amerikanische Zugeständnisse erwartet, deutlich zurückgewiesen. "A senior U.S. diplomat said Monday that Washington won’t accept a year-end deadline set by North Korea to make concessions in stalled nuclear talks and urged Pyongyang to return to a negotiating table immediately. 'On this point, let me be absolutely clear: The United States does not have a deadline,' Stephen Biegun, the U.S. special representative for North Korea, told reporters. 'We are fully aware of the strong potential for North Korea to conduct a major provocation in the days ahead. To say the least, such an action will be most unhelpful in achieving lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula.' Biegun, who was in Seoul for talks with South Korean officials, called on North Korea to sit down for talks."

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10.12.2019

"Exclusive: Top Ukraine Official Andriy Yermak Casts Doubt on Key Impeachment Testimony"

http://https://time.com/5746417/ukraine-andriy-yermak-impeachment-interview/

Andriy Yermak, enger Berater des ukrainischen Präsidenten, hat sich gegenüber TIME zum laufenden Amtsenthebungsverfahren in den USA geäußert und dabei zentrale Aussagen wichtiger Zeugen in Frage gestellt. "Since the start of the public impeachment hearings in Congress last month, Andriy Yermak, a top adviser to the President of Ukraine, has heard his name come up again and again in witness testimony. He took part in many of the events at the center of the impeachment inquiry, and the 300-page report released last week by the inquiry mentions Yermak dozens of times. But in his first interview about those public hearings, Yermak has questioned the recollections of crucial witnesses in the impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump’s alleged abuse of his office for political gain. (…) When TIME asked him whether he had ever felt there was a connection between the U.S. military aid and the requests for investigations, Yermak was adamant: 'We never had that feeling,' he says. 'We had a clear understanding that the aid has been frozen. We honestly said, 'Okay, that’s bad, what’s going on here.' We were told that they would figure it out. And after a certain amount of time the aid was unfrozen. We did not have the feeling that this aid was connected to any one specific issue.'"

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28.11.2019

"Mexico Is Infuriated by Trump's Pledge to Designate Drug Cartels as Terrorist Organizations"

https://time.com/5741024/mexico-certification-cartels-terrorist-organizations/

In Mexiko sei die Drohung des US-Präsidenten, Drogenkartelle im Nachbarland zu Terrororganisationen zu erklären, mit Wut und Sorge aufgenommen worden, berichtet Mark Stevenson. "Mexican officials and experts don’t fear that Trump will send killer drones into Mexico. Such drone strikes have been a mainstay of U.S. anti-terror operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan, but nobody thinks they would be launched into Mexico. What Mexicans do fear a terrorism designation could send bilateral relations back into the dark days of the 1990s, when annual U.S. certifications of Mexico’s anti-drug efforts became a regular source of friction. (…) [Mexico City security analyst Alejandro Hope] noted that a terror-group designation would only encourage those who want to militarize the U.S.-Mexico border or build a wall along it, something Mexico has hotly opposed. 'This reinforces and gives ammunition to those who want to describe Mexico as a failed state, and describe the border as a security risk, and want to treat narcoterrorism and immigrations as twin issues,' said Hope. 'This is part of a broader agenda.' On a more visceral level, Mexicans reacted angrily to the potential terrorism designation Wednesday, arguing it would violate the country’s sovereignty."

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