US-Soldaten in Afghanistan


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"Trump Taps Loyalist Richard Grenell as Acting Head of Intelligence"

Richard Grenell ist von US-Präsident Trump zum neuen Geheimdienstkoordinator ernannt worden. Grenell hatte als US-Botschafter in Berlin mit zum Teil scharfer Kritik an der deutschen Regierung mehrfach für Aufsehen gesorgt. "President Donald Trump on Wednesday announced that Richard Grenell, the U.S. ambassador to Germany, will become acting director of national intelligence, a move that puts a staunch Trump ally in charge of the nation’s 17 spy agencies, which the president has only tepidly embraced. 'Rick has represented our Country exceedingly well and I look forward to working with him,' Trump tweeted. (…) Grenell, a loyal and outspoken Trump supporter, has been the U.S. ambassador to Germany since 2018. He previously served as U.S. spokesman at the United Nations in the George W. Bush administration, including under then-Ambassador John Bolton. News of the announcement was quickly criticized by those who said the job should be held by someone with deep experience in intelligence."

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"Brexit Has Revived the Prospect of a United Ireland. Could It Actually Happen?"

Auch Jennifer Duggan hat sich mit der plötzlich nicht mehr völlig unrealistisch erscheinenden Aussicht auf eine Vereinigung der irischen Insel beschäftigt. "Since the Irish War of Independence against Britain ended in 1921, the island of Ireland has been divided into North and South. But reunification has always remained an aspiration for Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland and political parties in the Republic - without any clear path to fruition. Now, nearly a century after the island was divided, reunification is back on the agenda as a realistic possibility and not just a long term goal. (…) While Brexit highlighted the complicated issue of identity in Northern Ireland, most experts say the path to Irish unity is too murky for it to happen any time soon. While a border poll might be successful in the Republic, there is a good chance it would be voted down in the North, says Dermot Ahern, a former Fianna Fáil minister who was a key player in the peace process. (…) And Irish unity may not take the exact form that Sinn Féin and other parties have aspired to since the partition. Experts say it could be more about retaining membership of the E.U. than a united 32 country republic. It is more likely 'that you might have some kind of federal arrangement where you have a united Ireland but the North having its own governing system within it,' explains MacCarthaigh."

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"'This Is Huge': Worst Locust Swarm in Decades Destroy Crops in East Africa"

Ben Curtis, Josphat Kasire und Cara Anna berichten aus Kenia über die riesigen Heuschreckenschwärme in Ostafrika, die die Ernte und damit die Ernährungssicherheit in der gesamten Region bedrohen. "The worst outbreak of desert locusts in Kenya in 70 years has seen hundreds of millions of the bugs swarm into the East African nation from Somalia and Ethiopia. Those two countries have not had an infestation like this in a quarter-century, destroying farmland and threatening an already vulnerable region with devastating hunger. (…) When rains arrive in March and bring new vegetation across much of the region, the numbers of the fast-breeding locusts could grow 500 times before drier weather in June curbs their spread, the United Nations says. (…) About $70 million is needed to step up aerial pesticide spraying, the only effective way to combat them, the U.N. says. That won’t be easy, especially in Somalia, where parts of the country are in the grip of the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab extremist group."

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"'A Bloodless Revolution.' Putin’s Plan to Rewrite Russia’s Constitution Could Allow Him to Lead for Years to Come"

Für Simon Shuster besteht kein Zweifel daran, dass der russsiche Präsident Putin mit den angekündigten Verfassungsreformen seine Führungsmacht langfristig sichern möchte. In welcher Form dies geschehen wird, sei auch von der Reaktion der russischen Öffentlichkeit abhängig. "The details of his plan were vague and in many ways confusing, though their significance was not lost on those close to the Kremlin. 'You wanted a bloodless revolution?' tweeted one of Putin’s favored messengers, Margarita Simonyan, who leads the RT television network. 'Here you go.' (…) As Putin’s longserving adviser Gleb Pavlovsky once told me, Putin is a shrewd tactician and a lousy strategist. Rather than settling on a long-term course and sticking to it, he likes to keep a range of options open. Depending on the public mood and the risks that arise in the moment, he then places his bet on a short-term maneuver, making sure to leave just enough space to turn back or change course if necessary. (…) The end of [his] two terms is still four years away. But that is clearly close enough for Putin to set Operation 2024 in motion. Its outcome will depend on factors that are still very hard to predict. How will the Russian public respond to the prospect of a leader for life? How strong are the loyalties of Russia’s elites heading into this new phase of Putinism?"

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"Iran's Retaliation Gives President Trump an 'Obvious Off-Ramp,' but Tension – and Confusion – Remain"

Der iranische Raketenangriff auf zwei Militärstützpunkte im Irak wird von einigen US-Experten als Gelegenheit zur Entspannung der Krise betrachtet. "As the Pentagon assessed the damage, U.S. officials who were not authorized to speak publicly on the matter, told TIME that no Americans were killed in the assault on Ain al-Asad air base in Anbar province and another military installation in Erbil, located in Iraq’s northern Kurdistan region. (…) James Clapper, a former Director of National Intelligence, said the Iranians had three audiences in carrying out the missile strike: their own public, the U.S. and the Iraqis. 'Zarif’s statement was very temperate, and implies they have ‘concluded’ their retaliation,” he said. 'We may well have dodged a bullet, if Trump can contain himself.'"

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"U.S. Diplomat Says Washington Won’t Accept North Korea's Year-End Nuclear Deadline"

Der US-Verhandlungsführer bei den Gesprächen mit Nordkorea, Stephen Biegun, hat das Ultimatum Pjöngjangs, das bis zum 31. Dezember amerikanische Zugeständnisse erwartet, deutlich zurückgewiesen. "A senior U.S. diplomat said Monday that Washington won’t accept a year-end deadline set by North Korea to make concessions in stalled nuclear talks and urged Pyongyang to return to a negotiating table immediately. 'On this point, let me be absolutely clear: The United States does not have a deadline,' Stephen Biegun, the U.S. special representative for North Korea, told reporters. 'We are fully aware of the strong potential for North Korea to conduct a major provocation in the days ahead. To say the least, such an action will be most unhelpful in achieving lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula.' Biegun, who was in Seoul for talks with South Korean officials, called on North Korea to sit down for talks."

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"Exclusive: Top Ukraine Official Andriy Yermak Casts Doubt on Key Impeachment Testimony"


Andriy Yermak, enger Berater des ukrainischen Präsidenten, hat sich gegenüber TIME zum laufenden Amtsenthebungsverfahren in den USA geäußert und dabei zentrale Aussagen wichtiger Zeugen in Frage gestellt. "Since the start of the public impeachment hearings in Congress last month, Andriy Yermak, a top adviser to the President of Ukraine, has heard his name come up again and again in witness testimony. He took part in many of the events at the center of the impeachment inquiry, and the 300-page report released last week by the inquiry mentions Yermak dozens of times. But in his first interview about those public hearings, Yermak has questioned the recollections of crucial witnesses in the impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump’s alleged abuse of his office for political gain. (…) When TIME asked him whether he had ever felt there was a connection between the U.S. military aid and the requests for investigations, Yermak was adamant: 'We never had that feeling,' he says. 'We had a clear understanding that the aid has been frozen. We honestly said, 'Okay, that’s bad, what’s going on here.' We were told that they would figure it out. And after a certain amount of time the aid was unfrozen. We did not have the feeling that this aid was connected to any one specific issue.'"

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"Mexico Is Infuriated by Trump's Pledge to Designate Drug Cartels as Terrorist Organizations"

In Mexiko sei die Drohung des US-Präsidenten, Drogenkartelle im Nachbarland zu Terrororganisationen zu erklären, mit Wut und Sorge aufgenommen worden, berichtet Mark Stevenson. "Mexican officials and experts don’t fear that Trump will send killer drones into Mexico. Such drone strikes have been a mainstay of U.S. anti-terror operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan, but nobody thinks they would be launched into Mexico. What Mexicans do fear a terrorism designation could send bilateral relations back into the dark days of the 1990s, when annual U.S. certifications of Mexico’s anti-drug efforts became a regular source of friction. (…) [Mexico City security analyst Alejandro Hope] noted that a terror-group designation would only encourage those who want to militarize the U.S.-Mexico border or build a wall along it, something Mexico has hotly opposed. 'This reinforces and gives ammunition to those who want to describe Mexico as a failed state, and describe the border as a security risk, and want to treat narcoterrorism and immigrations as twin issues,' said Hope. 'This is part of a broader agenda.' On a more visceral level, Mexicans reacted angrily to the potential terrorism designation Wednesday, arguing it would violate the country’s sovereignty."

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"Hundreds of Thousands Protested Colombia's Conservative Government. Here's What to Know"

In Kolumbien sind hunderttausende Demonstranten gegen die Regierung auf die Straße gegangen. Rachael Bunyan erläutert die Hintergründe der Massenproteste. "Unlike other protests in Latin America, the protests in Colombia were not fighting for a single issue. Instead, Colombians were voicing their criticism of the government’s lack of action in addressing major concerns over security, corruption and economic inequality among other issues. The protests, described by organizers as a national strike, were mostly peaceful, but as the sun set, riot police began firing tear gas at protesters — including those who had reportedly blocked bus routes in Bogotá, Colombia’s capital. Three people died on Thursday amid social unrest, according to government officials."

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"Ukraine Wants to Probe the Company That Paid Hunter Biden. But It's 'Too Sensitive'"

Im Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen den US-Präsidenten geht es auch um die frühere Tätigkeit Hunter Bidens für das ukrainische Gasunternehmen Burisma. Die Verwicklung des Sohnes des damaligen US-Vizepräsidenten und aktuellen Präsidentschaftskandidaten der Demokraten, Joe Biden, erschwere es der ukrainischen Regierung bis heute, mutmaßliche Korruption im Unternehmen zu untersuchen, berichtet Simon Shuster aus Kiew. "To this day, Burisma’s connection to Hunter Biden has made it much harder for Ukrainian authorities to investigate the company for corruption, current and former officials in Ukraine tell TIME. In that sense, Burisma is still getting its money’s worth for the reported $50,000 per month it paid the younger Biden to sit on its board from 2014 until earlier this year. (…) The case of Burisma cuts to the heart of the Republican defense of Trump. The President and his allies have insisted that the Bidens acted corruptly to shield the company from prosecution in Ukraine. The former Vice President, his son and their supporters have strenuously denied these allegations, and there is no evidence that Joe Biden’s decisions were ever influenced by his son’s involvement with Burisma. But the treatment of that company in Ukraine suggests that the role of Hunter Biden continues to affect the handling the company’s case, prompting the new government of President Zelensky to weigh its approach to fighting graft with particular care, especially when it comes to the country’s notoriously corrupt gas sector."

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"Twitter Bans Political Ads, Raising Pressure on Facebook to Follow Suit"

Die angebliche Manipulation der öffentlichen Debatte auf sozialen Diensten wie Twitter und Facebook ist in den vergangenen Jahren immer wieder scharf kritisiert worden. Vor den US-Präsidentschaftswahlen 2020 hat sich Twitter nun entschlossen, politische Werbung auf der Plattform generell nicht mehr zuzulassen. Rachel Lerman und Barbara Ortutay zufolge wächst der Druck auf Facebook, dem Beispiel zu folgen. "Twitter is banning all political advertising from its service, saying social media companies give advertisers an unfair advantage in proliferating highly targeted, misleading messages. Facebook has taken fire since it disclosed earlier in October that it will not fact-check ads by politicians or their campaigns, which could allow them to lie freely. CEO Mark Zuckerberg told Congress last week that politicians have the right to free speech on Facebook. (…) Critics have called on Facebook to ban all political ads. This includes CNN chief Jeff Zucker, who recently called the policy of allowing lies ludicrous and advised the social media giant to sit out the 2020 election until it can figure out something better."

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"Syrian Kurdish Forces Reportedly Kill Potential al-Baghdadi Successor, Increasing Security at ISIS Prisons After Leader's Death"

Kurdischen Milizen ist es eigenen Angaben zufolge gelungen, nur wenige Stunden nach der US-Operation gegen Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi einen engen Berater und potentiellen Nachfolger des IS-Anführers zu töten. "If confirmed, the death of Abu Hassan al-Muhajir would be another blow to IS. U.S. officials had no immediate comment. Forces from the Kurdish-led internal security agency were 'on high alert' after al-Baghdadi’s death in anticipation of possible riots or attacks on the prisons and camps for displaced people in northeastern Syria where IS members or supporters are located, an official with the agency said. (…) Syrian Kurdish forces spokesman Mustafa Bali said his fighters believe al-Muhajir was in Jarablus to facilitate al-Baghdadi’s travel to the area, which is administered by Turkey-backed fighters. 'More (IS figures) remain hiding in the area,' Bali said Sunday. Little is known about al-Muhajir, who assumed the role of a spokesman after his predecessor was killed in a 2016 airstrike. Al-Muhajir is a nom-de-guerre that indicates he is a foreigner, and he also was believed to be a possible successor to al-Baghdadi."

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"U.S. Spies Say Turkish-Backed Militias Are Killing Civilians as They Clear Kurdish Areas in Syria"

US-Geheimdienste haben von ihren Informanten im Norden Syriens erfahren, dass Ankara-treue Milizen bei der Vertreibung von Kurden immer wieder Zivilisten töten. "Three weeks after President Donald Trump ordered U.S. forces to pull out of northern Syria, American spy agencies are seeing disturbing intelligence. Turkish-backed militias, armed by Ankara, have killed civilians in areas abandoned by the U.S., four U.S. military and intelligence officials tell TIME. The officials say they fear that the militias committing those potential war crimes may be using weapons that the U.S. sold to Turkey. These officials say they are concerned that worse could lie ahead. Turkey and its allies are deploying larger forces and bringing more significant weapons to the field than would be necessary to complete their publicly-stated mission. They have said that they plan only to maintain a security zone along a 18-mile wide ribbon of land south of Turkey’s border with Syria."

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"Trump Keeps Talking About Syria's Oil Fields. Here's What's Going On With Them"

Madeleine Carlisle erklärt die Ursachen der "Obsession" des US-Präsidenten mit dem Erdöl im Nahen Osten und erläutert die Bedeutung der syrischen Ölfelder im andauernden Konflikt. "If and when ISIS regroups, it may target the oil fields that proved so lucrative in the past. During this week’s press conference, Defense Secretary Esper said U.S. troops are defending Syria’s oil fields in order to keep ISIS from regaining control of them. 'If ISIS has access to the resources, and therefore the means to procure arms or to buy fighters or whatever else they do, then it means it makes it more difficult to defeat ISIS,' he said. Leaving some troops behind to help defend the oil fields while pulling others out elsewhere could be Trump’s way to try to achieve his isolationist goals while avoiding an ISIS renaissance, experts say."

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"How the Sinaloa Cartel Bested the Mexican Army"

Mexikanische Sicherheitskräfte sind durch eine Übermacht bewaffneter Kartell-Mitglieder gezwungen worden, den kurz zuvor verhafteten Sohn des Drogenbosses Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán wieder freizulassen. Ioan Grillom, der sich seit Jahren mit der Drogenkriminalität in Mexiko beschäftigt, berichtet über die Hintergründe dieser demütigenden Niederlage des mexikanischen Staates. "This change has not come overnight. It is the result of a bloody trend of cartels developing insurgent tactics over many years. The use of burning vehicles to block roads was taken from militant protesters; cartels use it to stop the movement of troops and put pressure on the government. The cartels have armed up with stolen military weapons and an endless stream of rifles from the United States. Between 2007 and 2018, more than 150,000 firearms seized in Mexico were traced to U.S. gun shops and factories. And cartels from the Texas border to Guadalajara have learned to protect their leaders with rings of gunmen who can cause trouble to stop their capture. Yet it was still shocking on Thursday to see how fast the cartel moved and how brazenly the gunmen stayed on the streets."

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"Trump, Pentagon Have No Contingency Plan for ISIS Jailbreakers as Turkey Attacks U.S. Allies in Syria"

John Walcott und W.J. Hennigan erwarten, dass die kurdischen Milizen im Verlauf der türkischen Offensive in Nordsyrien die Bewachung von über 30 Internierungslagern mit tausenden IS-Kämpfern aufgeben werden, um sich gegen türkische Vorstöße zu verteidigen. Da das Pentagon für diesen Fall keine Notfallpläne entwickelt habe, drohe eine Massenflucht der IS-Kämpfer. "The U.S. military has no plans to take over these camps and, with only about 1,000 total troops inside Syria, is not prepared to do so, U.S. officials told TIME. If the Kurds abandon their guard posts to defend their homes against the Turkish military incursion, thousands of ISIS operatives are likely to escape, U.S. military, diplomatic and intelligence officials have concluded. Past and present U.S. military commanders have shared that assessment directly with President Donald Trump, but he has rebuffed the warnings and demanded that Turkey take control of the camps, the officials say. Most of the camps remain outside the area that Turkey is expected to occupy, and the Kurds have said they will remain in control over the detainees. But that may prove difficult if fighting in their home territory intensifies."

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"U.N. Head Warns World Faces 'Unprecedented Threat' From Violent Extremism and Terrorism"

UN-Generalsekretär Guterres hat in einer Sitzung des UN-Sicherheitsrats vor einer "beispiellosen Bedrohung" durch Extremismus und Terrorismus gewarnt. "The U.N. chief told a Security Council ministerial meeting on the sidelines of the annual gathering of world leaders that 'the new frontier is cyber-terrorism — the use of social media and the dark web to coordinate attacks, spread propaganda and recruit new followers.' He stressed that the response to the unprecedented terrorist threat 'must complement security measures with prevention efforts that identify and address root causes, while always respecting human rights.' Russia, which holds the council presidency this month, organized the meeting on cooperation between the U.N. and three Eurasian organizations in countering terrorism — the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective Security Treaty Organization, and Commonwealth of Independent States. The United States and its Western allies echoed the secretary-general, stressing the importance of respecting human rights in counter-terrorism operations."

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"Democrats Launched an Impeachment Inquiry Into President Trump. Here's What That Means"

Die demokratische Vorsitzende des US-Repräsentantenhauses, Nancy Pelosi, hat eine formelle Untersuchung zu einem Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen US-Präsident Trump eingeleitet. Trump wird die Verletzung seiner verfassungsmäßigen Pflichten vorgeworfen, da er den ukrainischen Präsidenten Selenskyj in einem Telefonat gedrängt haben soll, Ermittlungen gegen den Sohn des demokratischen Präsidentschaftsbewerbers Joe Biden einzuleiten. Tara Law erklärt die politische und verfassungsrechtliche Bedeutung des Verfahrens. "Impeachment proceedings are an ambiguous part of American law. As the Constitution does not go into detail about how the procedure should work, lawmakers must rely on precedents set out by previous impeachments for guidance. However, following precedent has limitations of its own, because there have been very few impeachments in American history and only two Presidents have ever been impeached. This reliance on precedence also means that lawmakers have more room for reinterpreting the law. (...) a lawmaker told TIME that Pelosi acknowledged that formally declaring the investigation an impeachment inquiry 'doesn’t change much from what is already going on,' as lawmakers had already begun investigating the President’s conduct."

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"Trump Says It 'Looks' Like Iran Hit the Saudis, But Military Retaliation Isn't Being Considered Yet"

Eine militärische Reaktion der USA auf den Angriff auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen steht US-Präsident Trump zufolge zumindest derzeit nicht auf dem Plan. "Trump, who has repeatedly stressed avoiding new Middle East wars, seemed intent on preserving room to maneuver in a crisis that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had immediately called Iran’s fault. Pompeo said Saturday, 'Iran has now launched an unprecedented attack on the world’s energy supply.' Trump, too, had talked more harshly at first. But by Monday afternoon he seemed intent on consultations with allies. (...) One U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations, said the U.S. was considering dispatching additional military resources to the Gulf but that no decisions had been made. The U.S. already has the USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier battle group in the area, as well as fighter jets, bombers, reconnaissance aircraft and air defenses. Trump, alternating between aggressive and nonviolent reactions, said the U.S. could respond 'with an attack many, many times larger' but also 'I’m not looking at options right now.'"

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"9/11 Is History Now. Here's How American Kids Are Learning About It in Class"

18 Jahre nach dem 11. September 2001 berichtet Olivia B. Waxman darüber, was Kinder und Jugendliche in US-Schulen heute über die folgenreichen Terroranschläge lernen. "It’s not surprising that teaching 9/11 as history is a delicate task. In addition to the emotional burden that falls on teachers who remember that day, the subject matter is sensitive and the images and documents that might be used as primary sources are disturbing. The story is also very much still being written, as the effects of 9/11 on American society continue to evolve. There is also no national guideline that states are required to follow in terms of teaching the topic, so lessons will vary depending on the teacher or school district. In New York, for example, schools will observe a moment of silence on Wednesday, after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a law on Monday requiring observation of the anniversary. A 2017 analysis of state high-school social-studies academic standards in the 50 states and the District of Columbia noted that 26 specifically mentioned the 9/11 attacks, nine mentioned terrorism or the war on terror, and 16 didn’t mention 9/11 or terrorism-related examples at all."

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"Secretary of State Pompeo: Taliban 'Overreached' in Kabul Bombing That Killed an American Soldier"

Experten zufolge ist bisher unklar, ob die Verhandlungen der USA mit den Taliban nach Donald Trumps Intervention nur unterbrochen, oder endgültig beendet worden sind. Auch die Begründung des Verhandlungsstopps wird hinterfragt, da beide Seiten ihre Militäroperationen während der Gespräche keineswegs eingestellt haben. "Trump’s move puzzled observers, who pointed out that both the Taliban and U.S. and Afghan forces have increased fighting in recent months to strengthen their position in the talks. Civilians have suffered more than anyone in what was the world’s deadliest war in 2018. (...) It remains unclear if the U.S.-Taliban talks are over or only paused. Trump said he called off the peace negotiations after the bombing, but Khalilzad, the U.S. envoy negotiating with the Taliban, was meeting with leaders of the insurgent group in Doha, Qatar, on both Thursday and Friday."

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"FARC Says Rebels Will Take Up Arms Against Colombian Government Again"

Der frühere Verhandlungsführer der FARC-Guerilla in Kolumbien hat zusammen mit einer Gruppe weiterer Rebellen angekündigt, den bewaffneten Kampf gegen die Regierung wieder aufzunehmen, da Präsident Duque vereinbarte Zusagen nicht eingehalten habe. "'When we signed the accord in Havana we did so with the conviction that it was possible to change the life of the most humble and dispossessed,' said Marin, better known by his alias Ivan Marquez, in the more than 30 minute video. 'But the state hasn’t fulfilled its most important obligation, which is to guarantee the life of its citizens and especially avoid assassinations for political reasons.' (...) Rodrigo Londono, who had been the FARC’s top military commander and now heads its legal political party, distanced himself from his former comrades, with whom relations have been strained in the past year. In an interview with Blu Radio he apologized to his fellow Colombians and the international community, saying that the vast majority of rebels remain committed to the peace process despite rising security risks."

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"Afghanistan Vows to 'Eliminate' Islamic State Safe Havens After a Horrific Attack Kills 63 People"

Nach dem blutigen Selbstmordanschlag auf eine Hochzeitsgesellschaft in Kabul hat Präsident Ghani geschworen, die "sicheren Häfen" des verantwortlichen "Islamischen Staates" in Afghanistan zu "eliminieren". "President Ashraf Ghani’s comments came as Afghanistan mourns at least 63 people, including children, killed in the Kabul bombing at a wedding hall late Saturday night. Close to 200 others were wounded. Many outraged Afghans ask whether an approaching deal between the United States and the Taliban to end nearly 18 years of fighting — America’s longest war — will bring peace to long-suffering civilians."

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"Suicides Among French Police Rise, With 64 So Far This Year"

In Frankreich haben in diesem Jahr bereits 64 Polizisten Selbstmord begangen. Elaine Ganley berichtet, dass ein parlamentarischer Untersuchungsausschuss die Suizidwelle u.a. auf Stress und Dauerbelastung durch Antiterroreinsätze und die Gelbwestenbewegung zurückführt. "Deaths by suicide for French police now outnumber deaths in the line of duty. The protectors need protecting, say police unions, which are demanding more help to stop the problem. (...) A Senate report last year said the French police suicide rate was 36% higher than the rate for France’s general population, but also uncovered no single reason behind the suicides. 'We don’t have an understanding' of why, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner conceded in April as he announced yet another prevention plan, the third minister in a row to do so, underlining authorities’ failure to solve the public health problem."

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"Here's Who Shined, Who Stumbled and Who Survived At Wednesday's Democratic Debate"

In der zweiten Debatte von zehn weiteren demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten haben außenpolitische Fragen erneut keine große Rolle gespielt. TIME fasst den Abend zusammen: "Ten Democratic presidential candidates gathered in Detroit Wednesday for a rowdy debate that underscored the party’s deep divisions. Here are 10 of the top takeaways".

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"10 Things We Learned From Night One of the Democratic Debates in Detroit"

TIME hat den Verlauf der zweiten Debatte der demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten in zehn Punkten zusammengefasst. Die Außenpolitik hat demnach auch diesmal nur eine nachgeordnete Rolle gespielt. "After ignoring foreign affairs all night, in the last fifteen minutes of the debate the moderators finally served up a handful of rapid-fire questions that ranged from incredibly broad to oddly specific. This left candidates rushing to compress the only statements they would give on national security and how the U.S. deals with the world outside its borders, and provided little clarity about their worldview and plans."

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"Iranian Hackers Wage Cyber Campaign Amid Ongoing Tensions With the U.S."

Der Iran unternimmt im Kontext der aktuellen Krise offenbar ebenfalls verstärkte Cyberangriffe gegen die USA. "Iran has increased its offensive cyberattacks against the U.S. government and critical infrastructure as tensions have grown between the two nations, cybersecurity firms say. In recent weeks, hackers believed to be working for the Iranian government have targeted U.S. government agencies, as well as sectors of the economy, including oil and gas, sending waves of spear-phishing emails, according to representatives of cybersecurity companies CrowdStrike and FireEye, which regularly track such activity. (...) The cyber offensive is the latest chapter in the U.S. and Iran’s ongoing cyber operations targeting the other, with this recent sharp increase in attacks occurring after the Trump administration imposed sanctions on the Iranian petrochemical sector this month."

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"Exclusive: President Trump Calls Alleged Iranian Attack on Oil Tankers 'Very Minor'"

US-Präsident Trump hat den Angriff auf zwei Öltanker im Golf von Oman in einem Gespräch mit dem TIME-Magazin als "geringfügigen" Vorfall eingeschätzt. "Facing twin challenges in the Persian Gulf, President Donald Trump said in an interview with TIME Monday that he might take military action to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, but cast doubt on going to war to protect international oil supplies. 'I would certainly go over nuclear weapons,' the president said when asked what moves would lead him to consider going to war with Iran, 'and I would keep the other a question mark.' (...) Last week, U.S. officials blamed Iran for attacks against Norwegian and Japanese oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. Trump described those and other recent attacks attributed by administration officials to Iran as limited. 'So far, it’s been very minor,' Trump told TIME."

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"Exclusive: U.S. Military Officials Say There Is No Actual Plan to Confront Iran"

Trotz der aufgeheizten Iran-Rhetorik des Weißen Hauses gebe es im Pentagon keine unmittelbaren Pläne für eine umfassende Verlegung von US-Truppen in die Golfregion, berichtet John Walcott. "(...) in the world of the Pentagon, there are plans you present to politicians, and then there are real plans. And three U.S. military officials involved in planning and overseeing military forces in the region tell TIME that no actual, executable plan, or anything like it, exists for a large-scale troop deployment to the Gulf. 'That requires knowing what contingency you’re addressing,' says one officer. 'Is the target Iran’s own forces or is it a militia? Is the enemy in Iraq or Syria or someplace else? A car bomb or missiles or cyber? Is there credible evidence linking an attack to the Iranian government so that targets inside Iran are legitimate?' All three sources, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they had not been authorized to discuss the matter publicly, told TIME they had seen no such detailed data."

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"Julian Assange Could Face Extradition Requests From 2 Countries. What Happens Next?"

Neben den USA könnte bald auch Schweden die Auslieferung des in Großbritannien inhaftierten WikiLeaks-Gründers Julian Assange beantragen. Billy Perrigo schreibt, dass die Entscheidung über die Priorität in diesem Fall bei Innenminister Sajid Javid liegen würde und langwierige Verfahren folgen könnten. "In such an event, under U.K. law, Javid would have to weigh specific legal criteria to make his decision. They are: - The relative seriousness of the offenses. - The place where each offense was committed. - The date when each request was issued or received. - Whether the person is accused or convicted of each offense. Those criteria, however, are broad and leave space for individual judgment. 'The Secretary of State has to follow the law; it is highly likely that there will a legal challenge if he doesn’t,' says Katherine Tyler, a leading extradition lawyer at London law firm Kingsley Napley. The point of contention, Tyler predicts, is likely to be the relative seriousness of each offense. Both sides could argue that their case is more urgent than the other. (...) If anything is certain, it’s that Assange may not leave the U.K. any time soon. 'Contested extradition hearings can take a long time,' says Tyler. 'I would expect the U.S. request alone to take in the region of a year to 18 months; were there to be an additional request from Sweden, consideration of how to deal with this is likely to make the overall process longer still.'"

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