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12.09.2016

"Photographing the Last Days of FARC"

http://time.com/4473377/farc-guerilla-colombia/

Alice Gabriner hat mit dem Fotografen Alvaro Ybarra Zavala gesprochen, der die kolumbianischen FARC-Rebellen viele Jahre lang begleitet hat. "The peace agreement between FARC and the government offers the first opportunity, after many generations, for Colombia to change through a framework of peace and dialogue, putting an end to a war that has raged in Colombia since 1964. In terms of Latin American history, it is as pivotal as the dismantling of the Berlin Wall. During the Cold War, the U.S. opposed the Marxist FARC, fearing that Colombia would follow the path of Cuba. For the Colombian government, the U.S. and its allies, a peace agreement means they are willing to accept their enemy as a legal political party, which now has the possibility to bring social change in Colombia, where other left-wing governments in Latin America have failed, most notably in Venezuela."

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01.09.2016

"Italy Is Giving Teens Free Money to Spend at Cultural Sites. It’s a Strategy to Fight Terrorism"

http://time.com/4476119/italy-culture-bonus-anti-terrorism/

Die italienische Regierung verfolgt eine neue Strategie, um die islamische Radikalisierung junger Italiener zu verhindern. Abigail Abrams berichtet über die Verteilung von Gutscheinen im Wert von 500 Euro, die für den Besuch von Museen, Theatern, Kinos und Konzerten verwendet werden können. "When Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi initially announced the program in the wake of the terrorist attacks in Paris last November, he said extremists should be fought not only with military efforts, but also ideologically. 'They imagine terror, we answer with culture. They destroy statues, we love art. They destroy books, we are the country of libraries,' he said last year, according to Financial Times. Italy is well known for its historic and cultural sites, and with a youth unemployment rate of nearly 40 percent, the government is hoping this program will encourage young adults to see their country in a positive light. Starting Sept. 15 teenagers can register online and spend the money through an app called 18app.it. The government expects the program to benefit 575,000 teens and it is open to any teen who is an E.U. citizen living in Italy."

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15.08.2016

"We Need a New Grand Bargain With Russia"

http://time.com/4452328/grand-bargain-russia/

Der frühere Nato-Oberbefehlshaber US-Admiral James Stavridis ist davon überzeugt, dass die USA die Beziehungen zu Russland neu ordnen müssen. Dabei sollten seiner Ansicht nach vier Prinzipien beachtet werden: "First, we must reassure our NATO allies and solidify the Alliance position concerning Russia. (...) Second, maintaining control of the sanctions regime is crucial. It is by far the most important point of leverage with Russia, and the work of German Chancellor Angela Merkel thus far holding the European Union together has been impressive. (...) Third, the United States should continue to leverage the broader international community in condemning Russian behavior when it steps clearly beyond the limits of international law. (...) Fourth and most important, in the midst of this summer of discontent emanating from both sides, we must keep open our communications pathways, which are increasingly in danger of shutting down. (...) In the end our best hope for a 'grand bargain' is not in a sweeping package that comes together at a single point in time. While attractive to contemplate, such a sudden strategic outcome is a chimera. Our best hope lies in adopting a transactional approach that says we will confront where we must — when violations of international law are truly egregious — but cooperate where we can."

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16.07.2016

"The Difference Between ISIS and ISIS-ish"

http://time.com/4408926/the-difference-between-isis-and-isis-ish/

Es deutet bisher einiges darauf hin, dass der Attentäter von Nizza vom "Islamischen Staat" inspiriert, jedoch nicht geleitet worden ist. William McCants fragt, warum sich offenbar immer mehr Kriminelle und soziale Außenseiter zu der radikalislamischen Terrororganisation bekennen. "Some latecomers to the so-called caliph’s cause believe their violence is redemptive — a way to atone for their past sins and preserve their religious community. (...) For some young men, these lofty if misplaced motives are mixed with the personal and profane. Those who hate their coworkers or despise homosexuals because of their own insecurities can cloak their acts in the bloody mantel of the so-called caliph’s authority. In this scenario, we would have to suppose these men and women are cynics who want to go out with the loudest bang but don’t really believe in the cause. Perhaps this is the case for some. But if you ask scholars who study spree killers, they will tell you it is difficult to disentangle ideological convictions from unconscious or personal motives."

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24.06.2016

"This Is How Brexit Could Be Good For the World"

http://time.com/4381865/brexit-trump-global-economy/?xid=tcoshare

Jeffrey E. Garten betrachtet einen britischen EU-Austritt als möglicherweise heilsamen Schock für die westlichen Regierungen, die gezwungen sein könnten, sich mit den negativen gesellschaftlichen Folgen der Globalisierung auseinanderzusetzen. "The UK’s exit could be signaling to the world that there must be some fundamental political adjustments. It could be a history-making wake-up call. Ultimately, most of the challenges that our societies face are global in nature, and require global cooperation to solve. But just maybe national governments will now redouble their efforts to get a stronger handle on their affairs in order to build a stronger and more confident base from which to engage in meaningful global efforts. Maybe they will think much harder about effectively addressing the downsides of globalization, including income inequality, stagnant wages, too many people out of work, and fears about immigration and refugees."

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15.06.2016

"The Tale of Two Killers in Orlando and France Shows How ISIS Operates Today"

http://time.com/4370130/orlando-shooting-paris-attack-isis-lone-wolf/

Jared Malsin analysiert das Massaker in Orlando und die Ermordung von zwei französischen Polizisten durch einen IS-Anhänger als Erfolge der aktuellen Terrorstrategie des "Islamischen Staates". "ISIS has endorsed both Orlando and the double murder in Paris through their official media arm. There’s a good reason for that—ISIS is losing ground in Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Iraq, and analysts say it is seeking to reverse an image of decline and defeat by claiming spectacular acts of violence, even if the group had little to nothing to do with them. 'It’s just an open casting call for anyone who wants to perpetrate violence,' says Clint Watts, a former FBI counterterrorism agent and a fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia. 'They’re desperate for success, but it works when there are people willing to do it.'"

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13.06.2016

"Orlando Shooting Carries Echoes of Bataclan Attack in Paris"

http://time.com/4365965/orlando-shooting-bataclan-paris-copycat/

Vivienne Walt vergleicht das Massaker von Orlando mit dem Terroranschlag auf den Club Bataclan in Paris am 13. November 2015. "The Orlando killings were different in one key respect, in that the suspect appears to have targeted a specific community of LGBT people rather than a random collection of concertgoers. Homophobic hatred may be a factor, as well as extremist ideology. But in other respects, the two attacks were so strikingly reminiscent that some officials in both the U.S. and Europe see a connection of some kind, whether through specific ISIS guidelines, or through simply emulating an attack that brought mass casualties. There is no information yet that Mateen modeled his attack after the Bataclan, which took place exactly seven months ago. But the similarities are unmistakable."

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02.06.2016

"How Islam Is Different From Other Religions"

http://time.com/4353838/islamic-exceptionalism/

Shadi Hamid, Autor des Buches "Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle Over Islam is Reshaping the World", erläutert, warum die Feststellung, dass der Islam aufgrund seiner besonderen Beziehungen zur Politik unter den Religionen weltweit eine Sonderstellung einnehme, nicht als "Islamophobie" abgetan werden sollte. "(...) 'Islamic exceptionalism' is neither good nor bad. It just is, and we need to understand and respect it, even if it runs counter to our own hopes and preferences. Two factors worth emphasizing: First, the 'founding moment' of Islam looms large. Unlike Jesus Christ, the Prophet Muhammad was a theologian, a preacher, a warrior and a politician, all at once. (...) Second, more than merely the word of God, for Muslims, the Quran is God’s direct and literal speech. It is difficult to overstate the centrality of divine authorship. This does not mean Muslims are literalists; most are not. But it does mean the text cannot easily be dismissed as irrelevant. Of course, Muslims are not bound to their 'founding moment,' but they can’t fully escape it, either. In an ideal world, we might wish that secular Muslims win the war of ideas, but it is difficult to see how this might happen."

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31.05.2016

"U.S Warns of Possible Terrorist Attack in Europe"

http://time.com/4352510/europe-terrorist-attack-state-department-warning/

Das US-Außenministerium hat US-Bürgern aufgrund der Terroranschläge von Paris und Brüssel empfohlen, bei Reisen nach Europa in diesem Sommer besondere Vorsichtsmaßnahmen zu ergreifen. "The grim warning says targets could include restaurants, commercial centers, tourist sites, transportation and major events. It also singled out big events happening in Europe this summer: the European Soccer Championship, the Tour de France and Catholic Church’s World Youth Day in Poland."

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31.05.2016

"How a Victory Over ISIS in Fallujah Could Actually Hurt Iraq"

http://time.com/4353000/iraq-battle-fallujah-isis/

Die ethnischen und konfessionellen Spannungen im Irak könnten nach einem militärischen Sieg gegen den "Islamischen Staat" erneut eskalieren, warnt Jared Malsin. "Critics worry that that sending the Shia militias into Sunni Fallujah is a recipe for sectarian violence. In one widely-circulated video, Aws al-Khafaji, the head of the Abu Fadhil al-Abbas militia group, denounces Fallujah as a stronghold of terrorism. 'There are no patriots, no real religious people in Fallujah. It’s our chance to clear Iraq by eradicating the cancer of Fallujah,' he says in the video. In an apparent attempt to tamp down the sectarian atmosphere, a top Shiite religious leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, issued a call for restraint in battle last week. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi also distanced his government from Khafaji’s remarks. Despite those attempts, the current campaign to reclaim Fallujah risks repeating some of the errors that plagued both the U.S. occupation and previous Iraqi governments—winning the immediate battle in the short term while alienating ordinary Sunnis over the long term."

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22.05.2016

"Iraq Launches Operation to Retake ISIS-Held City of Fallujah"

http://time.com/4344405/iraq-isis-fallujah-conflict/

Irakische Regierungstruppen haben mit amerikanischer Luftunterstützung die Operation zur Befreiung der seit zwei Jahren vom IS besetzten Stadt Falludscha begonnen. "Fallujah is still home to tens of thousands of civilians and has been under ISIS rule since January 2014, longer than any other territory recently retaken by Iraqi forces. Iraqi security forces repeated calls for civilians trapped inside Fallujah to flee on Sunday, but residents say that checkpoints controlled by the extremists along all roads leading out of the city are preventing most from fleeing."

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04.05.2016

"Russia Announces New Military Divisions to Counter NATO Deployments in Eastern Europe"

http://time.com/4318941/russia-nato-military-divisions-retaliation/

Russland hat angekündigt, auf die geplante Verstärkung der NATO-Präsenz in Osteuropa mit der Verlegung eigener Truppenverbände zu reagieren. "The new divisions will likely be spread out across the country’s borders with Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Finland, Azerbaijan and the Baltic States, Reuters reported. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said Wednesday that the divisions would be formed by the end of the year to counter NATO’s increasing influence. Moscow accuses NATO of challenging its security in the region; NATO says its military reinforcements are only a precautionary measure following the Russian annexation of Crimea in Ukraine and its backing of Ukrainian separatists."

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18.04.2016

"How a German Comic Exposed Merkel’s Weakness By Provoking Turkey"

http://time.com/4298187/jan-bohmermann-germany-merkel-turkey/

Simon Shuster betrachtet die türkische Klage gegen den ZDF-Satiriker Jan Böhmermann als Versuch von Präsident Erdogan, seine "Einschüchterungskampagne" gegen kritische Stimmen in der Türkei nach Europa zu exportieren. Bundeskanzlerin Merkel hätte diesem Versuch entschieden entgegen treten können, habe sich aber für eine realpolitische Reaktion entschieden. "'We have already given him the keys to the gates of Europe,' Guy Verhofstadt, a prominent member of the European Parliament, said last week. 'Now we risk handing over the keys to our newsrooms to him so that he decides and controls our media.' (...) At bottom, though, the decision came down to realpolitik. With a trip to Turkey planned for the end of this week, Merkel did not want to antagonize Erdogan at the moment when his refugee deal with E.U. was just starting to bear fruit. Perhaps more than any other European leader, she needs him to hold up his end of the bargain. (...) Over the coming months, that threat will likely remain his trump card in any talks with the Europeans, and he will not part with it easily, says Aya Burweila, an expert on international affairs at the Research Institute for European and American Studies, an Athens-based think tank. 'The worse the refugee crisis gets, the bigger Turkey’s bargaining chip with the E.U.,' she says."

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12.04.2016

"How Germany Has Resisted the Influence of ISIS"

http://time.com/4289016/germany-isis-brussels-islam-muslims-signpost/

Simon Shuster schreibt, dass deutsche Integrationsangebote für Muslime dazu beigetragen hätten, den Einfluss des "Islamischen Staates" im Vergleich zu Frankreich und Belgien gering zu halten. "This doesn’t mean Germany is immune to Islamic radicalism. The terrorist cell behind 9/11 was based in the German city of Hamburg, and its ringleader Mohammed Atta is thought to have masterminded the plot from his apartment there. But in the 67-year history of the Federal Republic of Germany, only one homegrown jihadist has ever managed to kill anyone inside the country. (...) Among the larger nations of Western Europe, that record is unique. And it seems even more remarkable when you consider that Germany, even before the arrival last year of more than a million asylum seekers from the Muslim world, had the largest Muslim population in the E.U., numbering 4.8 million as of 2010."

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20.03.2016

"Obama’s Historic Summit With Castro Is a Key Test for U.S.-Cuba Détente"

http://time.com/4265652/obama-cuba-castro-summit-detente/

Josh Lederman und Michael Weissenstein berichten über den historischen Kuba-Besuch von US-Präsident Obama. Obama wolle mit der Reise seine Kuba-Politik krönen und die kubanische Regierung zugleich zu neuen Zugeständnissen bewegen. "Obama came to Havana hoping his visit would spur Castro to offer gestures of good faith and meaningful change, which would undermine critics who accuse Obama of kowtowing to an authoritarian government. Though Cuba approved U.S. hotel chains Starwood and Marriott to operate here and moved to lift fees on converting U.S. dollars, those steps pale in comparison to sweeping changes Obama has enacted to lift decades-old U.S. restrictions. (...) Castro appears to be closely and intensely managing what constitutes the most important change in Cuban foreign policy since the Cold War. Though Obama’s aides have downplayed expectations for the meeting, Castro’s remarks alongside Obama will be closely parsed for indications of whether he’ll respond to Obama’s opening with major new domestic changes."

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19.03.2016

"How Europe’s Most Wanted Man Was Finally Caught"

http://time.com/4265312/paris-attacks-salah-abdeslam-how-he-was-caught/

Vivienne Walt berichtet über die Hintergründe der Verhaftung von Salah Abdeslam, der den Behörden zufolge zu den Mittätern der Pariser Attentate am 13. November 2015 gehörte. "Abdeslam, 26, a French citizen born and raised in Brussels, was nabbed and cornered just a few blocks from his family home in the city’s neighborhood of Molenbeek. He had apparently been hiding in plain sight of the dozens of anti-terrorist SWAT teams that had pursued him for over four months. In a climactic end to the hunt, Belgian police pinned down Abdeslam on Friday afternoon in a two-story building, then shot him in the leg and dragged him into custody. And yet, the capture ultimately came down to a handful of extraordinarily lucky breaks over just the past few days."

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08.03.2016

"Bin Laden’s Will Shows a Terror Leader Left Behind by Contemporary Jihad"

http://time.com/4243796/osama-bin-laden-will-and-testament/

Karl Vick stellt nach einer Durchsicht des letzten Willens des 2011 getöteten Osama bin Ladens fest, dass die Ansichten des Al-Qaida-Führers über die richtigen Taktiken im Dschihad in Zeiten des IS nahezu überholt wirken. "The emir of al-Qaeda had very specific, even delicate views, on holy war. '11. Avoid publishing pictures of prisoners after they were beheaded,' bin Laden writes in a letter to a subordinate in Pakistan’s tribal region. Also: 'Do not publish pictures of the martyrs who were badly injured, which may terrify the younger generation and the Muslim youth who want to join jihad.' The letter is undated, but it’s fair to say it’s from a different time, before ISIS. (...) Bin Laden may never have mellowed. But the extremism he articulated so carefully at his keyboard comes off as less extreme in the brutal world that he made possible."

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15.02.2016

"Russian Premier Remains Defiant On Bombing Of Syrian Rebels"

http://time.com/4224396/russian-prime-minister-dmitry-medvedev-syria/

TIME-Magazine hat in diesem exklusiven Interview mit dem russischen Premierminister Dmitry Medvedev u.a. über die russische Position im Syrienkonflikt gesprochen. Medvedev erläutert die Bedingungen, die aus russischer Sicht erfüllt werden müssen, wenn ein Friedensplan Aussichten auf Erfolg haben soll: "The conditions he listed for such a peace indicate how far out of reach it remains. First, Syrian President Bashar Assad would have to sit down at the negotiating table with the rebel forces 'who are capable of reaching an agreement,' Medvedev said. 'That circle of people still has to be determined.' After that, the negotiating parties would have to agree on Syria’s political structure and the process of democratic reforms. They would also have to figure out Assad’s role in a future Syria, 'because otherwise it would be strange,' Medvedev said. 'At that moment,' he added, the fighting 'should come to an end.' (...) Medvedev would not directly answer TIME’s question about whether Russia shares this goal with Assad. 'He is not the one who will determine the extent of Russia’s military presence over there,' Medvedev said. The Prime Minister did, however, suggest that Moscow would resist any division of Syria between Assad and the opposition."

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02.02.2016

"Does Nigeria Have What It Takes to Defeat Boko Haram?"

http://time.com/4204044/boko-haram-nigeria-dalori-massacre/

Aryn Baker schreibt, dass sich die Terrorgruppe Boko Haram bei der Rekrutierung ihrer Anhänger weniger auf ihre radikalislamische Ideologie als auf die verbreitete Armut und die Angst vor dem korrupten und gewalttätigen nigerianischen Militär verlassen könne. Der Regierung fehlten mittlerweile die finanziellen Mittel, um darauf mit staatlichen Programmen zur Entwicklung der betroffenen Regionen zu reagieren. "According to Gideon Poki, a resident of Maiduguri and the local project manager for Search for Common Ground, a U.S.-based international NGO that focuses on peace building in conflict zones, Boko Haram thrives on a combination of fear and greed. (...) Although Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau justifies his actions based on Muslim ideology, Poki says he sees little evidence of religious fervor among his followers. 'Most of the time, when fighters are arrested, they are arrested with drugs, alcohol or [methamphetamine] tablets. This is not characteristic of people who are fighting a religious war.' He suspects that poverty and unemployment are far more powerful drivers. 'These attacks, well, before they burn the houses down, they go and loot. They steal all items and money and food they can find.'"

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19.01.2016

"Meet the New Gangster Warlords of Latin America"

http://time.com/4184368/drug-cartel-gangsters-ioan-grillo-book-excerpt/

Der britische Journalist Ioan Grillo hat sich für die Arbeit an seinem Buch "Gangster Warlords" in die gefährliche Welt der lateinamerikanischen Drogenkartelle begeben. Dabei ist er auf einige Parallelen zum "Islamischen Staat" gestoßen. "Militant Islamists are a very different — and much bigger — threat than the gangsters of the Americas. The Islamic State showed that it can control territory the size of a country. But you can’t help but find similarities with the cartels. In 2012, the same year the Taliban beheaded 17 people at a wedding in Afghanistan, shocking the world, the Zetas left the bodies of 49 headless victims in Mexico. When the Syrian regime first wanted to demonstrate the horrors that Islamic rebels were committing, it couldn’t find any footage, so it showed video that turned out to be by Mexican cartels. (It soon had plenty of its own to show.) Islamic radicals and gangster militias both recruit poor lost teenagers and train them to be murderers; they both fight with small cells and ambushes. And in both cases, Washington is flummoxed on how to deal with them."

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19.01.2016

"Why Human Rights Watch Is Urging Companies to Pull Out of Israeli Settlements"

http://time.com/4183059/why-human-rights-watch-is-urging-companies-to-pull-out-of-israeli-settlements/

Human Rights Watch hat in einem neuen Bericht festgestellt, dass der Handel mit israelischen Unternehmen aus den besetzten Gebieten das internationale Recht verletze. Karl Vick schreibt, dass die Organisation dabei auf einen Boykottaufruf verzichtet habe. Die Unternehmen seien jedoch aufgefordert worden, sich aus der Westbank und Ost-Jerusalem zurückzuziehen. "HRW urges companies to fulfill their obligations to respect the human rights of populations living where they operate — and for companies, rather than consumers that buy their products, to confirm their goods have not come from the 1,000 companies doing business in Israeli-owned industrial zones, on plantation-style farms and quarries on Palestinian land. The report is still sure to enrage officials in Israel, which has been slowly taking over the West Bank since the territory fell under Israeli military occupation with the lightning defeat of an array of Arab armies in the 1967 Six-Day War. In the 49 years since, a half million Jewish Israelis have taken up residence in the hills and desert valley above the west bank of the Jordan River, as well in East Jerusalem".

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14.01.2016

"These Are the Last Six Major Terrorist Attacks in Indonesia"

http://time.com/4180220/indonesia-terrorist-attacks-history-jakarta/

Nach dem Terroranschlag in Jakarta, bei dem mindestens sieben Menschen getötet wurden, listet Mark Rivett-Carnac die Anschläge auf, die das Land seit 2002 erschüttert haben. "More than a decade of attacks have rocked Indonesia, from the Bali bombing to attacks on major international hotels At least seven people died as attackers detonated explosives and showered gunfire through central Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, on Thursday. This carnage follows in a long line of terrorist attacks that have rocked the country, still viewed as vulnerable to extremism."

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12.01.2016

"Obama Puts Terrorism in Perspective in State of the Union"

http://time.com/4178403/state-of-the-union-terrorism/

US-Präsident Obama hat in seiner letzten Rede an die Nation noch einmal davor gewarnt, die terroristische Bedrohung durch radikalislamische Gruppen wie den "Islamischen Staat" aus Angst zu überschätzen. "President Obama basically told the nation to take a 'chill pill' over the threat posed to Americans by ISIS and other terrorists in his final State of the Union address Tuesday night. 'Over-the-top claims that this is World War III just play into their hands,' Obama said. 'Masses of fighters on the back of pickup trucks and twisted souls plotting in apartments or garages pose an enormous danger to civilians and must be stopped. But they do not threaten our national existence.'"

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11.01.2016

"President Obama Will Close Guantanamo Bay Prison: Aide"

http://time.com/4174931/president-obama-will-close-guantanamo-bay-prison-aide/

Denis McDonough, Stabschef des Weißen Hauses, hat noch einmal bestätigt, dass US-Präsident Obama das umstrittene Gefängnis in Guantanamo vor dem Ende seiner Amtszeit schließen möchte. "'He feels an obligation to his successor to close that, and that’s why we’re going to do it,' the chief of staff said on Fox News Sunday. McDonough was pressed about how Obama was going to accomplish that goal, especially given some Congressional lawmakers’ aversion to letting the detainees go. (...) McDonough said the president will present Congress with a detailed plan to close the prison, but did not completely rule out Obama using his executive authority to close the prison if his Congressional plan fails."

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21.12.2015

"The Taliban Have Dealt a Serious Blow to Government Forces in Southern Afghanistan"

http://time.com/4156711/taliban-helmand-province-overrun/

Die Taliban haben Berichten zufolge einen Distrikt der Helmand-Provinz im Süden Afghanistans überrannt und damit einen wichtigen strategischen Sieg gegen die Regierungstruppen errungen. "Helmand is an important Taliban base as it produces most of the world’s opium, a crop that helps fund the insurgency. The head of Helmand’s provincial council, Muhammad Kareem Atal, said that 28 members of the Afghan security forces — usually a reference to army and police who also fight on the front lines across the country — were killed fighting on Sunday. Another 15 were critically wounded, he said. 'Around 65% of Helmand is now under Taliban control,' Atal said. 'In every district either we are stepping back or we are handing territory over to Taliban, but still, until now, no serious action has been taken,' he said, echoing Rasulyar’s plea to the central authorities for help."

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04.12.2015

"This Is What It Takes for Mass Murder to Be 'Terrorism'"

http://time.com/4136457/terrorism-definition/

Hat es sich bei dem tödlichen Angriff auf eine Sozialeinrichtung im kalifornischen San Bernardino um eine "Schießerei" oder um einen "Terroranschlag" gehandelt? William Yeomans von der American University Law School erläutert, dass diese Einstufung vor allem von den Absichten der Täter abhänge. "The news that the female shooter pledged her loyalty to ISIS on Facebook moves the investigation closer toward calling it terrorism. But the shooting may also have drawn on a separate strain of mass killings — those motivated by workplace revenge. (...) The actions of mentally deranged individuals, such as the shooters at Virginia Tech, Sandy Hook, Columbine, and Aurora, whose purpose was nothing more than to kill as many people as possible, are terrible and terrifying, but they are not terrorism. By contrast, the killing of doctors who provide abortions and their patients is driven by a desire to intimidate and coerce abortion providers and their patients. The killings send a broad and chilling message that abortion will be met with violence. It seems likely that Robert Dear, who reportedly vowed 'no more body parts' to law enforcement, falls into this category. (...) The definition of terrorism for law enforcement purposes is clear: It turns on the intent of the perpetrator, who must seek to coerce civilians or change government policy through life threatening actions."

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14.11.2015

"Paris Terror Attacks Pressure U.S. 'Patience' Strategy for ISIS"

http://time.com/4112980/paris-attacks-isis-syria-france-islamic-state/

Die Pariser Terroranschläge haben auch den Druck auf die amerikanische Regierung erhöht, schreibt Mark Thompson. Es könnte Präsident Obama schwerer fallen, seine bisherige als zurückhaltend eingeschätzte Strategie in Syrien zu verteidigen. Thompson fordert, dass der US-Kongress eine aktivere Rolle einnimmt und offen über eine Kriegserklärung gegen den IS debattiert. "Congress (...) has simply abdicated its role in the fight, allowing Obama to wage an anti-ISIS campaign under a congressional authorization approved shortly after the 9/11 attacks. That way, lawmakers can sit on the sidelines and carp when things go wrong, as they always do in a military campaign. But that attitude also sanctions a hands-off approach among U.S. citizens: if Congress has no skin in the game, why should the American public? Congress will now face new pressure to act like the Founding Fathers intended under Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, and debate the wisdom of declaring war on the Islamic State. If nothing else, the recent attacks put the issue of Western strategy front and center."

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28.10.2015

"Nigerian Troops Rescue 338 Boko Haram Captives"

http://time.com/4090885/nigeria-338-boko-haram-captives/

Nigerianischen Regierungstruppen ist offenbar die Befreiung von 338 Gefangenen der radikalislamischen Terrorgruppe Boko Haram gelungen. "Nigerian troops have rescued hundreds of Boko Haram captives this year but none of the 219 girls kidnapped from a school in Chibok town. Their mass abduction in April 2014 sparked international outrage against the extremists and Nigeria’s government for failing to rescue them. It highlighted military and government failures in fighting the 6-year-old Islamic uprising that has killed an estimated 20,000 people and driven 2.3 million from their homes, according to Amnesty International and the United Nations."

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01.10.2015

"Why the U.S. Military Isn’t Winning"

http://time.com/4058520/american-military-losing-wars/?xid=homepage

Mark Thompson widmet sich der Frage nach den Ursachen der militärischen Rückschläge der amerikanischen Verbündeten in Irak und Afghanistan. "The answer is pretty straightforward: there are two basic building blocks of war: weapons and will. The U.S. can spend billions arming and training friendly forces, but if they lack the will to fight, no arsenal is going to save them in the long run. Both Afghanistan and Iraq suffer from weak, U.S.-nurtured central governments, which has led to ill-trained and poorly performing troops. But that lack of will doesn’t apply only to U.S. allies. Much of the responsibility must be borne by the U.S. itself. Beyond cheering from the sidelines, the American public has been AWOL in the nation’s post-9/11 conflicts."

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22.09.2015

"This Graphic Shows the Enormous Global Reach of the Catholic Church"

http://time.com/4045680/pope-francis-us-visit-catholic-church-global-reach/

Anlässlich des USA-Besuchs von Papst Franziskus präsentiert Andrea Ford eine Grafik, die den globalen Einfluss der Katholischen Kirche veranschaulicht. "With 17% of the world’s population as members, the Catholic Church is one of the largest religions traditions on Earth. However, the Church’s global flock is not exactly evenly distributed. 95% of Italians identity as Catholic, while only 1% of Russians and Chinese say the same. In the United States, the Catholics have increased their numbers by more than 20 million since 1965, but the religion’s share of the national population has held steady at 21%. A large majority of American Catholics, 64%, are white, but the faith is quickly diversifying. Latinos are expected to make up 30% of U.S. Catholics by the year 2050."

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