US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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23.08.2015

"Defeating Terror on a Train: What the U.S. Heroes Proved"

http://time.com/4007527/france-train-terrorist-attack/

Mark Thompson meint, dass aus dem "heroischen" Auftreten der drei Amerikaner, die einen möglichen Terroranschlag in einem französischen Zug verhindert haben, weiter reichende Schlüsse gezogen werden können. "The brief battle illustrates a few lessons: The hundreds of billions of dollars the West’s militaries and counter-terrorism agencies have spent since 9/11 to combat radical Islam (or radical Islamists masquerading as train robbers) can’t defeat an ideology. (...) If Islamic militants are determined to launch lone wolf attacks that threaten everyone in the West, everyone in the West is on the front lines. The solution isn’t to put undercover soldiers wherever the public gathers, or to arm every civilian. Instead, it simply requires donning a new mindset. (...) The West, and the greater Islamic community, must do more to wean Muslim fanatics from violence without fanning their fervor. (...) Friday’s fight on the high-speed Amsterdam-to-Paris train can be viewed a miniature version of the clash of civilizations that some fear may now be unfolding."

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17.08.2015

"The Pentagon Will Increase Drone Flights By 50%"

http://time.com/4000999/military-drones-increase/

Das Pentagon plant, die Zahl der Drohneneinsätze des US-Militärs in den kommenden Jahren um 50% zu erhöhen. "The decision to add Army and civilian-operated missions to the mix was triggered because the Air Force — which had been running about 65 combat air patrol missions a day — asked to decrease that number to 60 because of stress on the force. But 60 patrols don’t come close to meeting the demands of top military commanders facing growing security threats around the world. Senior U.S. officials said that while drones have been used largely to target terrorists and collect intelligence over combat zones, those needs may shift in the coming years."

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12.08.2015

"Boko Haram Has a New Leader Willing to Negotiate With Nigeria"

http://time.com/3995590/boko-haram-new-leader/

Dem Präsidenten Tschads zufolge hat die radikalislamische Terrorgruppe Boko Haram einen neuen Anführer, der im Gegensatz zum Vorgänger Abubakar Shekau verhandlungsbereit sein könnte. "Rumors of the death of Abubakar Shekau have grown since the leader has not appeared for months in videos broadcast by Nigeria’s homegrown Islamic militant group. 'There is somebody apparently called Mahamat Daoud who is said to have replaced Abubakar Shekau, and he wants to negotiate with the Nigerian government,' Deby said in comments broadcast by Chad state radio. He did not say where the information came from. 'I would not advise negotiating with a terrorist,' said Deby, though he himself led one failed attempt last year. Other attempts under Nigeria’s previous government also failed, partly because the group is believed fractured into several factions."

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22.07.2015

"Plan to Close Guantanamo Bay Prison in the Works"

http://time.com/3968292/guantanamo-bay-close-obama/

Das Weiße Haus hat bestätigt, an einem neuen Plan zur Schließung des Gefangenenlagers in Guantanamo zu arbeiten. Der republikanische Senator John McCain will Präsident Obama dabei offenbar unterstützen. "Daphne Eviatar, senior counsel of national security at Human Rights First, said the fact that the White House is working plan could be a good first step, but questions still remain as to whether or not Congress will be able to approve any plan given many members’ opposition to closing the prison. 'It’s still within the Administration’s power to do a lot to close the prison,' she said. '[The White House] can’t keep blaming Congress, but Congress also needs to do more. It shouldn’t be this political football anymore.'"

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09.06.2015

"NSA Spying Is Going to Cost the Tech Sector Much More Than We Thought"

http://time.com/3914843/surveillance-tech-sector/

Die Enthüllung der globalen NSA-Überwachung hat US-Unternehmen aus finanzieller Sicht einer neuen Studie zufolge weit mehr Schaden zugefügt als zunächst angenommen. "According to the report, U.S. companies — including IBM, Microsoft, and Cisco — all saw drops in their sales in China after reports that said the NSA program built backdoors into encryption products. The report says many countries are now looking to enact — or have already enacted — tougher policies for American tech companies operating on their soil. Russia, for example, has enacted laws that require companies to store data domestically. And a new Chinese regulation established this January forces tech companies to submit to audits and build encryption keys in their products. 'When historians write about this period in U.S. history it could very well be that one of the themes will be how the United States lost its global technology leadership to other nations,' the study’s authors Daniel Castro and Alan McQuinn wrote."

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18.05.2015

"Why ISIS Can Still Defeat the Iraqi Army in Spite of U.S. Help"

http://time.com/3882745/isis-ramadi-anbar/

Die jüngsten Siege des Islamischen Staates im Irak lassen Rebecca Collard zu dem Schluss kommen, dass jahrelange amerikanische Ausbildungsprogramme und aktuelle Luftschläge möglicherweise nicht ausreichen werden, um der irakischen Armee zum Sieg zu verhelfen. "While billions of dollars have been put into military operations against ISIS, little has been invested in political change that could end the sense of marginalization felt by Sunnis and in turn, possibly unite them against ISIS. 'There should be real reconciliation among the Iraqis… whatever we bring in forces and weapons won’t matter without a political agreement,' says [Alaa Makki, a former Sunni member of the Iraqi parliament and senior advisor to the government]. 'If they continue like this, it’s likely that Baghdad could fall.'"

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10.03.2015

"Wikipedia Sues NSA Over Mass Surveillance Program"

http://time.com/3738697/wikimedia-nsa-upstream-surveillance/

Die Wikimedia Foundation hat zusammen mit der American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) eine Klage gegen die Internetüberwachung der NSA eingereicht. "Through upstream surveillance, the NSA is authorized to collect data on Internet users who communicate with 'non U.S. persons' if it any way relates to national security or foreign affairs. Wikimedia says such data might include communications by its staff and users. 'Wikipedia is founded on the freedoms of expression, inquiry, and information. By violating our users’ privacy, the NSA is threatening the intellectual freedom that is central to people’s ability to create and understand knowledge,' Wikimedia Foundation Executive Director Lila Tretikov said in a blog post."

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24.02.2015

"Spain Breaks Up ISIS Recruitment Ring Targeting Young Women"

http://time.com/3720182/spain-isis-recruitment-ring/

Die spanischen Sicherheitsbehörden haben offenbar Mitglieder einer Gruppe verhaftet, die insbesondere Frauen durch gezielte Propaganda für den Islamischen Staat rekrutieren wollten. "The detainees in north Africa stand accused of running an online campaign 'dedicated to the recruitment of women,' according to Spain’s interior ministry, and held viewing parties of ISIS propaganda at several residences. The detainees on the Spanish mainland allegedly spread ISIS propaganda through social media. One detainee had accumulated more than 1,000 followers on Facebook, according to authorities."

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10.02.2015

"Another Conflict in Ukraine: Differing Versions of History"

http://time.com/3699612/ukraine-historical-memory/

Im Osten der Ukraine prallten derzeit nicht nur Soldaten, sondern auch unterschiedliche Versionen historischer Erinnerung aufeinander, schreibt Tarik Cyril Amar, Historiker an der Columbia University. Dabei sei es zu einfach, Putins zweifellos verzerrte Version der Geschichte des Zweiten Weltkriegs einfach zu verwerfen. "First, it is tempting to confuse Putin and Russia and forget that the latter is a part of Europe too. In the long run, Europe cannot consolidate a shared memory by making Russia its abhorred foil. Secondly, no memory is flawless, and that also goes for the one favored by Ukraine and its supporters. In Ukraine, World War II nationalism, a proudly authoritarian and violent movement with strong anti-Semitic features that engaged in ethnic cleansing, is now officially presented as nothing but a noble national liberation effort. Yet there is no principal difference between whitewashing its leader, Stepan Bandera, into a mere 'patriot' in 'hard times' and doing the same for Stalin. Indeed, in the name of national unity and to make use of those volunteer fighters who are extreme nationalists and even Neo-Nazis, the Ukrainian government and media are now often turning a blind eye to the far right. Supporters of Ukraine do it no favor by abetting this bias. The present is an intensifying tragedy with a growing potential for catastrophic escalation, also beyond Ukraine."

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04.02.2015

"Don’t Dismiss Poverty’s Role in Terrorism Yet"

http://time.com/3694305/poverty-terrorism/

Viele Beobachter weisen die These zurück, dass Armut bei Terroranschlägen wie in Frankreich eine ursächliche Rolle spiele. David Sterman schreibt, dass diese Meinung heute durch einige wissenschaftliche Studien bestätigt werde. Trotzdem sollte der Zusammenhang nicht vorschnell beiseitegeschoben werden. "Why should media critics and academics alike avoid a rush to judgment on poverty and terrorism? For one thing, some scholarly literature documents a relationship though not necessarily a causal one — between poverty and some terrorism. (...) Indeed, it is quite likely there are multiple routes into terrorism, some of which might involve poverty and some of which might not. When this data is aggregated, the poverty-related routes become less visible, but that does not mean they don’t exist. Where scholars are often careful to acknowledge this limitation, pundits have sidelined it in grand pronouncements that poverty does not cause terrorism."

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12.01.2015

"Charlie Hebdo Afflicted Us With Free-Speech Hindsight"

http://time.com/3663951/charlie-hebdo-paris-attacks-free-speech-hindsight/

Der amerikanische Stand-Up-Comedian Jim Norton stellt fest, dass die Meinungsfreiheit besonders betont werde, wenn sie gefahrlos sei. Das überschwengliche Lob für das französische Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo klinge hohl, wenn es von denjenigen komme, die das Magazin vor den Anschlägen als "taktlos" kritisiert hätten. "Let’s look at how poorly we have been doing lately at recognizing the value of subversive and unpopular speech as we are witnessing it. We need to definitively end the embarrassing trend of recognizing courageous speech only in hindsight, when it’s safe. And perhaps we will finally see the ugliness in our cultural attempts to shame and penalize, on any scale, people for making statements, or art, or films that we find objectionable. The best way to universally honor the victims of Charlie Hebdo will be to revere and embrace what they stood for. What they died for. Which is the freedom and ability to speak unreservedly and without repercussions, violent or otherwise."

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07.01.2015

"5 Facts That Explain the Charlie Hebdo Attack"

http://time.com/3658801/5-facts-that-explain-the-charlie-hebdo-attack/

Ian Bremmer hat einige Fakten zum politischen und wirtschaftlichen Hintergrund des Terroranschlags auf die französische Satirezeitschrift Charlie Hebdo zusammengetragen. "There is no political or demographic trend that can explain such a cold-blooded murder, but the statistics below tell a disturbing story about how this crime will exacerbate already high tensions in France and across Europe, making life still more difficult for Muslim immigrants. 1. All-time highs for migration (...) 2. Painful economic realities … and misconceptions (...) 3. Anti-immigration goes mainstream (...) 4. All-time lows for a French President (...) 5. Passports — and lack thereof."

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22.12.2014

"The First Western Journalist to Interview ISIS Is Home With a Terrifying Message"

http://time.com/3643610/islamic-state-jurgen-todenhofer-journalist-mosul/

Der deutsche Autor und Publizist Jürgen Todenhöfer habe nach siebenmonatigen Verhandlungen als erster westlicher Journalist offiziellen Zugang zu den vom Islamischen Staat kontrollierten Gebieten in Irak erhalten, berichtet Elizabeth Barber. Todenhöfer sei mit einer ernsten Warnung zurückgekehrt: "(...) the terrorist group is 'much stronger and much more dangerous' than its adversaries understand. (...) In Mosul, Todenhöfer found an 'almost ecstatic enthusiasm' for the jihadist group that is unlike anything he had seen 'in any other war zone,' he tells the German press. Each day, Todenhöfer says, hundreds of new recruits arrive to pledge themselves to the group’s mission, or what he calls the 'largest religious cleansing strategy that has ever been planned in human history.'"

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10.12.2014

"CIA Torture Report Creates Few Ripples Across the Pond"

http://time.com/3628510/europe-cia-torture-report-senate/

Von führenden EU-Politikern sei der Folterbericht des US-Senats zurückhaltend aufgenommen worden, berichtet Simon Shuster. Das transatlantische Verhältnis sei nicht in Gefahr, die USA würden vielmehr dafür gelobt, das CIA-Programm enthüllt zu haben. "(...) the most common reaction was to praise the report as a sign of American transparency and accountability — two of the values meant to bind the West together — while many European statesmen have so far avoided saying anything at all. That includes the leaders of France and Germany, who made no public reaction in the 24 hours that followed the report’s release. British Prime Minister David Cameron only mentioned it while on a visit to Turkey on Wednesday when a reporter asked him for a response. 'I’m satisfied that our system is dealing with all of these issues,' Cameron said. The practice of torture, he confidently added, is 'wrong.'"

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09.12.2014

"Lawyers Believe Torture Report Will Help Prosecution of CIA Agents in Europe"

http://time.com/3625690/senate-report-torture-europe/

Die Verantwortlichen für das CIA-Folterprogramm müssen bisher keine Verfahren in den USA befürchten. Vivienne Walt berichtet jedoch, dass europäische Anwälte den Bericht des US-Senats nutzen könnten, um auch hochrangiges CIA-Personal in Europa zu verklagen. "'The gaps have been between the CIA agents involved and the higher-ups conducting this policy,' says Wolfgang Kaleck, a lawyer and director of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights in Berlin, which has brought criminal cases against the U.S. military and CIA agents in Germany, Switzerland, Spain and France. Kaleck says lawyers will now study the Senate report for signs that the coercive tactics were a policy directed from the agency’s top levels, rather than simply the actions of errant employees. 'It would hopefully allow us to argue for command responsibility for torture,' he told TIME on Tuesday."

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09.12.2014

"Torture Report: Here’s Where the Key Players Are Now"

http://time.com/3623578/torture-report-people-players/

Tessa Berenson erinnert an die Verantwortlichen für die Folterpolitik der US-Regierung unter Präsident George W. Bush. "With the Senate report on the CIA’s interrogation program coming out, it’s a good time for an update on the major players. From al Qaeda-hunting CIA officers to the legal architects of so-called enhanced interrogation techniques, here are the people who played key roles in the Bush administration program, and what they’re up to now."

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17.11.2014

"Putin’s Loss of German Trust Seals the West’s Isolation of Russia"

http://time.com/3590588/putin-merkel-germany-russia/

Simon Shuster schreibt nach der Reaktion von Bundeskanzlerin Merkel auf die stundenlange Unterhaltung mit Präsident Putin, dass Russland nun offenbar auch das Vertrauen Deutschlands verloren habe. "Thanks largely to his own anti-Western bluster, Putin’s support in Russia now relies more than ever on his defiance toward the West, and he will sooner accept the role of a pariah abroad than weakling at home. 'We’re just not going to chastise him into changing his tune,' says Matthew Rojansky, a Russia expert at the Wilson Center in Washington. Much more likely, the West’s ostracism will 'foreclose' any remaining channels for swaying Putin through dialogue, adds Rojansky. But if Putin was searching for such a channel during his night of debating with Merkel, he has come up empty-handed. It’s not clear if he has anywhere else in the West to turn."

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