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06.10.2020

"At UN: 39 Countries Condemn China's Abuses of Uighurs "

https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/voa-news-china/un-39-countries-condemn-chinas-abuses-uighurs

39 Länder haben China in einer von Deutschland initiierten gemeinsamen Erklärung wegen des Vorgehens in Hongkong und der Unterdrückung der Uiguren kritisiert. "Western diplomats at the United Nations criticized China for its human rights abuses against ethnic Uighur Muslims and its crackdown on Hong Kong's autonomy Tuesday, while Beijing hit back, focusing its anger on the United States. 'We call on China to respect human rights, particularly the rights of persons belonging to religious and ethnic minorities, especially in Xinjiang and Tibet,' German Ambassador Christoph Heusgen said on behalf of 39 countries at the U.N committee that deals with human rights issues."

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02.10.2020

"Islam in 'Crisis All Over the World' France's Macron Says"

https://www.voanews.com/europe/islam-crisis-all-over-world-frances-macron-says

Frankreichs Präsident Macron sieht den Islam als Religion in einer weltweiten Krise und hat einen neuen Plan gegen den "islamischen Separatismus" in Frankreich enthüllt. "French President Emmanuel Macron Friday called Islam 'a religion that is in crisis all over the world,' in a speech addressing what he calls 'separatism' in France’s Islamic community. In remarks delivered in the western Paris suburb of Les Mureaux, Macron said Islam is a religion in deep crisis worldwide, even in countries where it is the majority religion, because of 'tensions between fundamentalism and political projects … that lead to very strong radicalization.' The French president said in France there is a 'parallel society' of radical Muslims thriving outside the values of the nation, a 'separatism' as he describes it, that thrives in some neighborhoods around the country, where Muslims with a radical vision of their religion take control of the local population to inculcate their beliefs."

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11.09.2020

"19 Years On, Does a Post-9/11 Generation Remember the Attacks?"

https://www.voanews.com/usa/19-years-does-post-911-generation-remember-attacks

Beim Gedenken an die Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 gibt es Leslie Bonilla zufolge mittlerweile deutliche generationale Unterschiede. "For older Americans, in contrast, 9/11 remains a vivid memory. Ten years later, 97% of Americans 8 or older at the time could remember exactly where they were when they heard the news, according to a 2011 survey by the Pew Research Center. For many young people, though, 9/11 is a subject learned secondhand. (…) Some experts think the attacks are what sets the Millennial generation, whose members were born between the early 1980s and mid-1990s, apart from the next one, Generation Z, born beginning in the mid-1990s. 'It is 9/11 that is the defining and dividing event,' Jack Dorsey, president of the Center for Generational Kinetics, told Business Insider in 2019. 'Either you remember it and all the emotion that goes with it or you don't, and if you don't, then you're in Gen Z.'"

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22.02.2020

"Iranian Leaders React After Apparent Popular Boycott of Parliamentary Election"

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/voa-news-iran/iranian-leaders-react-after-apparent-popular-boycott-pa
rliamentary

Bei den iranischen Parlamentswahlen können die Konservativen offenbar auf eine deutliche Mehrheit hoffen. Ein Grund sei die geringe Wahlbeteiligung, berichtet Edward Yeranian. "Iranian media is saying that preliminary results of Friday's parliamentary election are showing conservatives winning 70% of the 290-seat chamber, with independents taking about 20%, and reformists just 10%. Many observers, however, are pointing to extremely low turnout in most parts of the country. (…) Former Iranian president Abolhassan Bani Sadr told VOA that according to reports he's seen, more than 80% of Iranians boycotted the election, and that the government did not expect such a strong reaction from the public. (…) Iran's parliamentary election also appears to coincide with a public scare over a coronavirus outbreak in several cities, including Qom."

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17.02.2020

"Taliban: Peace Deal With US To Be Sealed by End of Feb"

https://www.voanews.com/usa/taliban-peace-deal-us-be-sealed-end-feb

Taliban-Vertreter sind zuversichtlich, dass eine Friedensvereinbarung mit den USA zur Beendigung des Afghanistan-Kriegs bis Ende Februar unterzeichnet werden kann. "A senior leader of the insurgent group told a pro-Taliban news agency the two adversaries have mutually decided to hold the signing ceremony in Doha, the capital of Qatar, which hosted the 18-month U.S.-Taliban negotiations. Abdul Salam Hanafi, a central member of the Taliban negotiating team and its political office in Doha, gave no date, but insurgent sources have previously said the deal would be inked on February 29. Hanafi said representatives from all neighbors of Afghanistan, the United Nations Security Council, Islamic countries and European Union will be among those invited to witness the ceremony."

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20.01.2020

"World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya"

https://www.voanews.com/europe/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya

Auf der Libyen-Konferenz in Berlin haben sich die teilnehmenden ausländischen Mächte darauf verständigt, das UN-Waffenembargo zu respektieren und auf eine verstärkte Einmischung in den Konflikt zu verzichten. "Twelve world leaders along with top representatives from the EU, U.N., African Union, and Arab League, held a one-day summit in Berlin. 'We were able to see that everyone is in agreement that the weapons embargo needs to be respected and the weapons embargo needs to be more strictly controlled that has happened in the past,' German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the summit host, said at the conclusion. 'It has, I think, become evident in the last days that there is no chance for a military solution, which could only increase the suffering of the people.' (…) While participants agreed Sunday not to boost their military support for the rivals, it is unclear if and when they will withdraw their current support. Merkel said 'that is a question for the real cease-fire.'"

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13.01.2020

"Russia, Turkey Determined to Call the Shots in Libya"

https://www.voanews.com/europe/russia-turkey-determined-call-shots-libya

Russland und die Türkei haben die Führungsrolle in den Bemühungen um eine internationale Lösung des Konflikts in Libyen übernommen, berichtet Jamie Dettmer anlässlich der mittlerweile ergebnislos beendeten Friedensverhandlungen in Moskau. Die Europäer würden dagegen diplomatisch zunehmend an den Rand gedrängt. "Both Russia and Turkey have much invested in Libya — Russia in terms of reputation, clout and potential oil deals, and Turkey with even more wide-ranging commercial interests, say analysts. They have been backing opposing sides in Libya, posing a risk to their fledgling, albeit competitive, partnership in northern Syria, where Moscow has accepted, at least temporarily, a Turkish military intervention against the Kurds. Moscow has also been working with Ankara to try to forge a post-war future for Syria that works for both the Turks and Russians and balances out their interests and influence. (…) [German Chancellor Angela Merkel] has been supportive of the arbitration of Moscow and Ankara. And during a joint press conference Saturday with Putin in Moscow, she said, 'We hope that the joint efforts by Russia and Turkey will lead to success, and we will soon send out invitations for a conference in Berlin.' Analysts say the Europeans, the largest donors of humanitarian aid to Libya, have increasingly become bystanders as events unfold in the north African country — and are eager for someone, or anyone, to secure a resolution to a conflict that’s helped facilitate the movement of sub-Saharan migrants to Europe."

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11.01.2020

"Security Sources: Niger Army Base Attack Death Toll Hits 89"

https://www.voanews.com/africa/security-sources-niger-army-base-attack-death-toll-hits-89

Bei einem Angriff mutmaßlicher Dschihadisten auf einen Militärstützpunkt in Niger sind Berichten zufolge 89 Menschen getötet worden. "The government said Thursday that 25 soldiers had been killed, according to a provisional toll, while successfully repelling the attack by assailants aboard motorcycles and other vehicles in the western town of Chinagodrar. Four security sources told Reuters that at least 89 members of Niger's security forces killed in the attack were buried Saturday in the capital, Niamey. One source said the actual death toll was most likely higher because some soldiers were buried immediately Thursday in Chinagodrar. (…) The Chinagodrar attack, coming a month after the raid in nearby Inates by fighters from an Islamic State affiliate that killed 71 soldiers, highlights the deteriorating security situation near Niger's borders with Mali and Burkina Faso. Attacks have risen fourfold over the past year in Niger, killing nearly 400 people, according to data from the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, a nonprofit research organization, despite efforts by international forces to stop militants linked to Islamic State and al-Qaida."

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30.12.2019

"Ukraine-Russia Prisoner Swap Draws Criticism"

https://www.voanews.com/europe/ukraine-russia-prisoner-swap-draws-criticism

Der zwischen Kiew und Moskau vereinbarte und vor Silvester erfolgreich umgesetzte Gefangenenaustausch hat in der Ukraine Kritik ausgelöst, berichtet Jamie Dettmer. "Criticism mounted in Kyiv Monday over a controversial prisoner swap with Russian-backed separatists, as it emerged that among the captives exchanged by Ukraine were five riot policemen accused of killing protesters during the 2014 Maidan uprising. The policemen were members of a Berkut militia unit that is now disbanded. Relatives of those killed during the uprising had urged Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy not to include the policemen in the exchange. After the handover, which took place Sunday, the Ukrainian leader defended his decision, saying it was necessary in order for Ukraine to secure the return of several of its reconnaissance soldiers. A total of 200 captives were exchanged between the two warring sides."

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05.11.2019

"Trump Wants Mexican Drug Cartels 'Wiped Off the Face of the Earth'"

https://www.voanews.com/usa/trump-wants-mexican-drug-cartels-wiped-face-earth

Neun Mitglieder einer prominenten Mormonen-Familie aus den USA, darunter sechs Kinder, sind in Mexiko bei einem Überfall erschossen worden. Steve Herman berichtet, dass US-Präsident Trump den Präsidenten Mexikos daraufhin zu einem offenen Krieg gegen die Drogenkartelle aufgerufen habe. "President Donald Trump says Mexican drug cartels must be 'wiped off the face of the Earth,' after suspected gang members massacred nine U.S. women and children in northern Mexico. The drug cartel members apparently mistook the victims' SUVs for those of a rival drug gang, the Mexican security minister believes. 'If Mexico needs or requests help in cleaning out these monsters, the United States stands ready, willing & able to get involved and do the job quickly and effectively,' Trump tweeted. He offered to help Mexico 'wage war' against the cartels. But Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrado rejected that approach, saying previous Mexican governments have tried a military solution and 'it didn't work.' 'The worst thing you can have is war,' he said."

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06.10.2019

"Israeli Minister Seeks 'Non-Aggression' Pacts with Gulf Arab Nations"

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/israeli-minister-seeks-non-aggression-pacts-gulf-arab-nations

Der israelische Außenminister Israel Katz hat eine politische Initiative zur Unterzeichnung von Nichtangriffspakten mit den arabischen Golfstaaten angekündigt. "Israel's occupation of Palestinian territory has long served as a major factor preventing peace deals with Arab countries, but common concerns over Iran are widely seen as having brought them closer in recent years. 'Recently, I have been promoting, under the backing of the United States, a political initiative to sign 'non-aggression agreements' with the Arab Gulf states,' Katz wrote on Twitter. 'The historic move will put an end to the conflict and allow civilian cooperation until peace agreements are signed.' (...) A spokesman for Katz declined to provide further details for now, and it was not clear how much progress he has made in the endeavor. Only two Arab countries -- Jordan and Egypt -- have peace treaties with Israel, but there have been overt signs in recent months of improved relations with Gulf nations."

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05.09.2019

"Report: Top US Official in Talks With Houthi Rebels in Bid to End Yemen War"

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/report-top-us-official-talks-houthi-rebels-bid-end-yemen-war-report

Vertreter der US-Regierung befinden sich Berichten zufolge in Gesprächen mit den Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen, um die Aussichten für ein Ende des Krieges auszuloten. "'We are narrowly focused on trying to end the war in Yemen,' David Schenker, assistant secretary of Near Eastern Affairs, told reporters during a visit to Saudi Arabia, according to Agence France-Presse. 'We are also having talks to the extent possible with the Houthis to try and find a mutually accepted negotiated solution to the conflict.' (...) The Houthis launched an offensive against the Yemeni government in 2015, followed by a Saudi-led military intervention against the rebels, leading to a more complex conflict. Three months after the beginning of the Saudi military campaign, former U.S. President Barack Obama's administration held brief talks with Houthi leaders to convince them to attend U.N.-sponsored peace talks in Geneva. The Geneva talks and subsequent rounds of negotiations were unsuccessful, pushing the impoverished country to the brink of famine."

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01.09.2019

"Russia: US Ignores Cease-Fire to Launch Strike on Idlib"

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/russia-us-ignores-cease-fire-launch-strike-idlib

Russland wirft den USA vor, mit dem Militärschlag gegen Al-Qaida-Anführer in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz die vor kurzem vereinbarte Waffenruhe in der umkämpften Region auf Spiel gesetzt zu haben. "Russia's defense ministry said in a statement the attack 'compromised the cease-fire in the de-escalation zone of Idlib.' The ministry said 'great losses and destruction' were caused by the strike. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the air strikes killed at least 40 militants."

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12.08.2019

"Taliban, US End Latest Round of Talks Without Announcing Outcome"

https://www.voanews.com/south-central-asia/taliban-us-end-latest-round-talks-without-announcing-outcome

Die mittlerweile achte Verhandlungsrunde zwischen den USA und den Taliban in Doha ist trotz gemeldeter Fortschritte erneut ergebnislos zu Ende gegangen. "The nine-day negotiations in the Gulf state of Qatar were wrapped up before dawn on Monday, announced a Taliban spokesman. The talks continued on a day when Muslims around the world began celebrating their three-day annual festival of sacrifice, known as Eid-al-Adha. 'Work was tedious and effective. Both sides agreed to consult their respective leaderships for next steps,' Zabihullah Mujahid said in a brief statement. (...) [Chief American negotiator, Zalmay Khalilzad,] had tweeted during the just concluded talks that 'we have made excellent progress,' raising exceptions a deal was imminent. (...) Washington has said it is seeking a peace deal before the Afghan presidential election scheduled for September 28. The U.S.-Taliban agreement, if reached, would outline the insurgent guarantees that Afghan territory, particularly Taliban-controlled areas, will not be used for staging terrorist attacks against America or its allies in exchange for a timeline for the withdrawal of U.S.-led foreign troops from the country."

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27.05.2019

"Tensions Grow Between Russia, Iran in Syria"

https://www.voanews.com/a/tensions-grow-between-russia-iran-in-syria/4935188.html

Sirwan Kajjo berichtet, dass es in Syrien zunehmende Spannungen zwischen den Verbündeten Russland und Iran gebe. Experten gehen allerdings nicht davon aus, dass es zu einem offenen Bruch der Allianz kommen wird. "Analysts say the protracted war in Syria has created a slight fissure between the two allies. 'There are definite tensions that exist between Russia and Iran within Syria,' said Phillip Smyth, a researcher at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy who closely follows Iranian-backed militias in Syria. (...) The strategic partnership between Russia and Iran in Syria goes beyond such disagreements, especially since Russia is still dependent on Iranian forces to hold territory and to provide manpower for Syrian regime troops, some experts say. 'I never believe that Russia would separate from Iran,' said Anna Borshchevskaya, a research fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy who focuses on Russia's policy in the Middle East. 'The disagreements they're having is that they're trying to carve out spheres of influence in Syria, which is something that Russia understands very well,' she told VOA in a phone interview. 'Their relationship is a complex one, for sure. But what holds them together is their anti-Americanism and a desire to reduce American influence in the region.'"

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24.02.2019

"UN: Afghan Civilian Deaths Rise to New High in 2018"

https://www.voanews.com/a/un-afghan-civilian-deaths-set-record-in-2018/4801751.html

2018 sind bei Luftangriffen und Terroranschlägen in Afghanistan UN-Angaben zufolge deutlich mehr Zivilisten getötet worden als in vergangenen Jahren. "The United Nations says the armed conflict in Afghanistan last year killed more than 3,800 civilians, including 927 children, the highest number of civilian deaths recorded in the past 10 years. The intensified violence injured nearly 7,200 civilians and the overall civilian casualties rose by 5 percent in 2018, according to a new report released Sunday by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)."

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23.01.2019

"Study: Global Terror Attacks Down 33 Percent"

https://www.voanews.com/a/study-global-terror-attacks-down-thirty-three-percent/4756052.html

Einer neuen Studie des Jane's Terrorism and Insurgency Center zufolge ist die Zahl der Terroranschläge im vergangenen Jahr weltweit um 33% zurückgegangen. "Jane's Terrorism and Insurgency Center released its annual Global Attack Index on Wednesday, saying one of the central reasons for the decrease in incidents and fatalities was the decrease in violence in Syria, where the government has gained control of territory previously occupied by Islamic State militants. Attacks by IS in 2018 declined by nearly 75 percent compared to 2017. The study said in addition to Syria, IS was also affected by losses in Iraq, which 'noticeably reduced' the militants' capability to operate, forcing them to switch to 'lower intensity insurgent operations.' With violence down in Syria, Afghanistan became the deadliest country worldwide in 2018 in terms of nonmilitant fatalities. Jane's said attacks rose by almost one-third last year, while fatalities rose 80 percent."

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21.01.2019

"Taliban, US Open Afghan Peace Talks in Qatar"

https://www.voanews.com/a/taliban-open-afghan-peace-talks-with-us-in-qatar/4752262.html

Vertreter der US-Regierung und der Taliban haben sich in Doha zu einer weiteren Verhandlungsrunde zur Beendigung des Konflikts in Afghanistan getroffen. Nur wenige Stunden zuvor wurden bei einem Angriff der Taliban auf einen Militärstützpunkt einigen Berichten zufolge über hundert afghanische Sicherheitskräfte getötet. "[Zalmay Khalilzad, U.S. special representative for Afghanistan political reconciliation,] has held several rounds of talks with Taliban representatives in Qatar in recent months, and the last interaction between the two sides had taken place in the United Arab Emirates in December. Diplomatic sources privy to the previous meetings told VOA that Taliban and U.S. delegations in their current dialogue are expected to finalize proposals they had exchanged in Abu Dhabi regarding a timeline for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. An immediate anticipated outcome could be a temporary cease-fire announced by the Taliban to build mutual confidence to keep the dialogue process moving forward."

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12.01.2019

"Pentagon: US Is Withdrawing Troops From Syria"

https://www.voanews.com/a/us-withdrawal-syria-starts-with-equipment-not-troops/4739375.html

Das Pentagon hat eigenen Angaben zufolge damit begonnen, Soldaten und Militärgerät aus Syrien abzuziehen. "The U.S. said late Friday that it is implementing the orderly withdrawal of forces from northeast Syria that are involved in the fight against the Islamic State terrorist group. Pentagon spokesman Commander Sean Robertson said in a statement that Operation Inherent Resolve is implementing the withdrawal within a framework coordinated across the U.S. Government. (...) The Pentagon first gave word of the start of the withdrawal late Thursday. In a statement, it said the U.S.-led Operation Inherent Resolve 'has begun the process of our deliberate withdrawal from Syria.' 'Out of concern for operational security, we will not discuss specific timelines, locations or troops movements,' the statement added."

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04.01.2019

"Russia Now Juggling Challenges of War-Wracked Syria"

https://www.voanews.com/a/russia-now-juggling-in-war-racked-syria/4729378.html

Ein Rückzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien würde bestätigen, dass die Aufgabe der Stabilisierung des Landes nun an Russland fällt. Einige US-Experten hoffen Jamie Dettmer zufolge, dass die Komplexität dieser Aufgabe Moskau vor große Probleme stellen wird. "If the Kremlin fails to secure a lasting peace, or is unable at least to stabilize the war-wracked country, still being buffeted by several micro-conflicts, then entrenchment risks turning into a potentially expensive entanglement that would undermine Russia's new regional clout. And one of the biggest challenges Moscow will face, if the U.S. does withdraw ground troops from the country's northeast, as President Donald Trump has pledged, will be how to prevent a military clash developing between Syria and Turkey, they say. (...) Being the regional power-broker, as Russia now in effect has become, will test Moscow's juggling skills in a highly volatile corner of the world, say other analysts. Moscow could end up trapped in a quagmire."

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07.12.2018

"Study: Terrorism Deaths Declining Globally"

https://www.voanews.com/a/study-terrorism-deaths-declining-globally/4692087.html

Dem neuen "Global Terrorism Index" des Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) zufolge ist die Zahl der weltweit durch Terroranschläge getöteten Menschen im Jahr 2017 erneut zurückgegangen. "Terrorism, however, remains a major threat to global peace, the report said. The report also showed that most terrorist attacks affect countries where political violence is rampant. The 10 nations most affected by terrorism were Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Somalia, Syria, Pakistan, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and India. 'Conflict and state terror are the principal causes of terrorism,' wrote Steve Killelea, executive chairman of IEP. The terrorism hot spots 'all were involved in at least one violent conflict, and eight were involved in a major war with at least 1,000 battle deaths. These 10 countries accounted for 84 percent of all deaths from terrorism in 2017,' the report said."

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10.10.2018

"Blackwater Founder Meets With Afghan Powerbrokers, Aims to Privatize War"

https://www.voanews.com/a/blackwater-founder-meets-with-afghan-powerbrokers-aims-to-privatize-war-/460812
9.html

Der Gründer des privaten Sicherheitsunternehmens Blackwater, Erik Prince, versucht Hasib Danish Alikozai zufolge derzeit, afghanische Politiker in direkten Gesprächen von seiner Idee einer Privatisierung des amerikanischen Kriegs gegen die Taliban zu überzeugen. "Prince, based in United Arab Emirates, has reportedly been holding regular meetings with influential Afghans, including some who have an eye on Ghani’s job as he faces reelection in less than a year. Prince told the Times he is not trying to interfere in Afghan politics. 'The Afghan people will have an election, and they will make the choices that they are going to live with,' Prince said. 'But I will talk to whichever party in Afghanistan that wants to think about a different way to this that actually stops the bleeding.'"

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07.10.2018

"How a Blunder Unmasked 305 Russian GRU Agents"

https://www.voanews.com/a/russia-gru-operatives-unmasked/4602595.html

Die Enthüllung der Identitäten von 305 mutmaßlichen Agenten des russischen Militärgeheimdienstes GRU wird von Sicherheitsexperten als größter russischer Geheimdienstlapsus seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges eingestuft. "And the cause for the bungling comes down, they say, to the simple 'human factor' of wanting to avoid traffic fines, including for drunken driving. (...) The disclosure of the list of 305 GRU operatives has added to a growing debate among analysts and Western intelligence officials about the professionalism — or lack of it — of the GRU when it comes to standard tradecraft. (...) Russia's Foreign Ministry has described the allegations about GRU operatives mounting so-called active measures in Europe and elsewhere as 'fantasies.' But Moscow’s denials have not been helped by the trail to the GRU the four men left and the surprising story of failed spycraft revealed by Dutch authorities Thursday, which is undermining Russia’s fearsome reputation in the field of espionage, say analysts."

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02.10.2018

"Report: African Countries Struggle to Contain Terror Groups"

https://www.voanews.com/a/report-african-countries-struggle-to-contain-terror-groups/4597044.html

Einem neuen Bericht des US-Außenministeriums zufolge haben viele Länder in Afrika Probleme, der Ausbreitung terroristischer Gruppen effektiv entgegenzutreten. "'African countries expanded their efforts to develop regional counterterrorism solutions while they struggled to contain the expansion of terrorist groups, affiliates, and aspirants involved in attacks or other activities in 2017,' according to the report, released last week. Experts offer different explanations as to why terror groups have been able to expand in the continent. Jacob Zenn, a terrorism expert with the Washington-based Jamestown Foundation, said he believes that when it comes to ideology and development, the former should be given more attention. 'When it comes to extremism, intolerant religious teachings need to be countered. If not, jihadists would exploit intolerance and encourage people to express grievances through violence,' Zenn said. 'Thus, countering the ideology must be paramount.'"

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28.05.2018

"Central African Republic Continues Slide to Full-Scale War"

https://www.voanews.com/a/central-african-republic-continues-slide-to-full-scale-war/4413093.html

UNO-Vertreter haben in einem neuen Bericht vor einer dramatischen Ausweitung des Konflikts in der Zentralafrikanischen Republik gewarnt. Ehemals sichere Gebiete wie die Hauptstadt Bangui haben sich demnach mittlerweile in Kriegszonen verwandelt. "Aid agencies note the country’s critical situation has dramatically worsened during the past year. They say an upsurge in violence has driven up the number of internally displaced people by 70 percent, to nearly 690,000 in less than a year. Refugee numbers also have gone up 25 percent to more than 575,000. U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator in the CAR Najat Rochdi says an upsurge of violence in April and May has sent many returning refugees fleeing to neighboring Cameroon and Chad. She says one in four people in the country is now displaced."

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07.04.2018

"Grass-Roots Peace Movement Spreads Across Afghanistan"

https://www.voanews.com/a/grassroots-peace-movement-spreads-afghanistan/4337421.html

In der Helmand-Provinz habe sich eine Friedensbewegung gebildet, die in Afghanistan wachsenden Zulauf finde, berichten Mohammad Habibzada und Hasib Danish Alikozai. "A group of young local men began a sit-in at the capital of the province and demanded an end to violence. Later, women joined the sit-in and urged the warring sides to end the vicious cycle of violence that has been tearing through the nation. 'Stop making us widows and making us cry over the death of our children,' a woman said at the rally in Helmand last month. The initial anti-war sit-in turned into a hunger strike after the Taliban rejected the protesters’ pleas for peace and instead warned them not to go near Taliban territory. (...) The hunger strike did end. The sit-in, however, continues, gaining momentum and rapidly expanding to other provinces. Iqbal Khyber, an activist from Helmand and a key member of the sit-in, told VOA demands for peace would not end. (...) While the Taliban initially rejected the local plea for peace, the insurgent group has since softened its stance. A Taliban official requesting anonymity told VOA that his group is looking forward to meeting and talking with the protesters."

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14.02.2018

"Turkey Poll Shows Strong Support for Ankara's Military Campaign in Syria"

https://www.voanews.com/a/turkey-polls-show-strong-support-for-ankara-military-operations-in-syria/425488
1.html

Die türkische Militäroffensive gegen die Kurden im Norden Syriens wird einer neuen Umfrage zufolge von einer breiten Mehrheit der türkischen Bevölkerung unterstützt. "The poll conducted by A&G found Operation Olive Branch, the name of the military operation, had 90 percent support among the Turkish population. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been unwavering in his message that Operation Olive Branch is a national struggle. 'Only Allah is victorious, and faith is more important than arms. If needed, we’ll fight against the world,' he said Wednesday to an enthusiastic parliament. Turkey’s mainstream media have all rigidly echoed Erdogan’s stance, following a patriotic line with heavy religious overtones and constant reference to Turkey’s imperial past. Dissenting voices, particularly on social media — one of the few remaining platforms for independent and critical views — have faced arrest. On Tuesday, 24 people were arrested for postings criticizing the Syrian offensive. More than 400 have been detained."

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30.01.2018

"US Military Blames 'Human Error' for Refusal to Share Key Data on Afghanistan"

https://www.voanews.com/a/report-on-us-military-activity-in-afghan/4230789.html

Der neue Quartalsbericht des Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) zeichnet ein ernüchterndes Bild von der aktuellen Situation in Afghanistan. John Sopko von SIGAR kritisierte auch, dass wesentliche Informationen der Öffentlichkeit vorenthalten worden seien. Das Pentagon bestreitet, dass dies eine bewusste Entscheidung war und macht dafür "menschliches Versagen" verantwortlich, berichtet Jeff Seldin. "In a tweet Tuesday, SIGAR called the district control numbers 'one of the last publicly available indicators for Congress — many of whose staff don't have access to classified info — & for American people to know how US effort in #Afghanistan going.' Even without having the latest data on the extent of government or insurgent control across Afghanistan, the new SIGAR report painted a bleak picture of U.S. efforts to secure the country (...). The report found the recent increase in U.S. military attacks on the Taliban and other insurgent groups had failed to bolster the Afghan government's control over its population. In October alone, the U.S. dropped 653 munitions on enemy combatants, a record since 2012 and three times the figure from October 2016, the report said."

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07.01.2018

"Taliban Looking for New Means to Support Insurgency in Southern Afghanistan"

https://www.voanews.com/a/taliban-looking-for-new-means-to-support-insurgency-in-southern-afghanistan/419
7161.html

Die verstärkten Luftangriffe auf ihre Drogenlabore im Süden Afghanistans hätten die Taliban offenbar gezwungen, sich nach neuen Finanzierungsmöglichkeiten umzusehen, berichten Khalil Noorzai und Habibzada Mohammad. "Taliban officials say they have established a new customs house in the Delaram district of southern Nimruz province in the southwestern part of Afghanistan. The new effort to collect revenue follows joint Afghan-Coalition airstrikes on Taliban narcotics processing labs in the Helmand province last November. U.S-led coalition says such attacks will continue. (...) Desperate to finance their insurgency, the Taliban has been using many illegal ways of making money, including kidnapping and extortion, and smuggling drugs, minerals and precious stones, according to Afghan officials. Local security officials tell Voice of America that the militant group is using the money to purchase weapons and strengthen itself against Afghan security forces."

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