US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Task & Purpose




"Top US official admits lying to Trump on American troop levels in Syria"

Ein US-Diplomat hat in einem Interview zugegeben, das Weiße Haus über die tatsächliche Zahl der US-Soldaten in Syrien belogen zu haben, um den von Präsident Trump angeordneten Truppenabzug zu untergraben. "'We were always playing shell games to not make clear to our leadership how many troops we had there,' outgoing diplomat Jim Jeffrey told Defense One reporter Katie Bo Williams in an interview. Jeffrey added that the real number of U.S. troops in Syria was 'a lot more' than the several hundred Trump planned on leaving behind following his abrupt withdrawal announcement in December 2018. Trump's decision to withdraw U.S. forces from Syria led to the resignation of both Defense Secretary James Mattis and Brett McGuirk, Jeffrey's predecessor as the leading U.S. envoy to the counter-ISIS effort in Iraq and Syria. But while Trump reiterated his call to withdraw U.S. forces from northeast Syria ahead of an imminent Turkish invasion in October 2019, Jeffrey told Defense One that, for all intents and purposes, there 'was never a Syria withdrawal.' 'When the situation in northeast Syria had been fairly stable after we defeated ISIS, [Trump] was inclined to pull out,' Jeffrey told Defense One. 'In each case, we then decided to come up with five better arguments for why we needed to stay. And we succeeded both times. That’s the story.'"

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"Trump reportedly gives 'conditional' approval to Afghan deal that may lead to US troop withdrawal"

Informationen der New York Times zufolge will US-Präsident Trump einem vorliegenden Friedensvertrag mit den Taliban unter bestimmten Umständen zustimmen. Paul Szoldra berichtet, dass dies der erste Schritt eines tatsächlichen Abzugs der US-Truppen aus Afghanistan sein könnte. "President Trump has conditionally approved a peace deal with the Taliban that may lead to the withdrawal of U.S. troops as long as the Taliban can commit to a reduction in violence for a roughly one-week period later this month, according to a new report in The New York Times. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told top Afghan leaders of the proposed plan in phone calls on Tuesday, according to the Times, which also reported that a senior American official said Trump had given his preliminary approval on Monday, the same day he made a visit to Dover Air Force Base to pay respects to two Army Special Forces soldiers killed in action in Afghanistan on Saturday. (…) 'If the Taliban do end hostilities and a deal is signed, the United States would then begin a gradual withdrawal of American troops, and direct negotiations would start between the Taliban and Afghan leaders over the future of their country,' Times reporters Mujib Mashal and Lara Jakes wrote."

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"Afghan security forces averaged one insider attack every 4 days in the closing months of 2019, new data shows"

Gegen Ende des vergangenen Jahres ist es in den afghanischen Sicherheitskräften im Durchschnitt alle vier Tage zu einem Insider-Angriff gekommen, berichtet Jared Keller. "Afghan National Defense and Security Forces personnel carried out 33 insider attacks during the fourth quarter of 2019, resulting in 90 casualties, according to SIGAR's latest report to Congress on the status of reconstruction and security efforts in Afghanistan. ADNSF personnel carried out a total of 82 insider attacks total in 2019, resulting in 172 deaths and 85 injuries, according to the report. In one major incident, a Taliban infiltrator killed 23 Afghan National Army soldiers in their sleep at a military base in Afghanistan's Ghazni Province in December 2019, the New York Times reported. (…) This sustained violence and rising casualties among the ranks of Afghan forces 'contributed to ANDSF attrition outpacing recruitment and retention,' according to a December 2019 report to Congress on security and stability in Afghanistan released this past January."

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"US forces in Iraq are facing more attacks from Shiite militias than ISIS, commander says"

Die Bedrohung der im Irak stationierten US-Truppen geht einem US-General zufolge heute eher von schiitischen Milizen als vom "Islamischen Staat" aus. "With ISIS trying to reorganize itself into an insurgency, most attacks on U.S. and allied forces in Iraq are being carried out by Shiite militias, said Air Force Maj. Gen. Alex Grynkewich, the deputy commander for operations and intelligence for U.S. troops in Iraq and Syria. 'In the time that I have been in Iraq, we've taken a couple of casualties from ISIS fighting on the ground, but most of the attacks have come from those Shia militia groups, who are launching rockets at our bases and frankly just trying to kill someone to make a point,' Grynkewich said Wednesday at an event hosted by the Air Force Association's Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies. Iranian militia fighters are also operating in predominantly Sunni areas such as Anbar province, where they are nominally responsible for border security and other missions that had been carried out by local tribal forces, he said. In Nineveh province, for example, a Popular Mobilization Forces unit has set up checkpoints just to extort local Iraqis."

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"The Chinese Are On The Verge Of Dominating A New Domain: Near Space"

Der frühere stellvertretene US-Verteidigungsminister Robert Work warnt, dass China dabei sei, bei der Entwicklung von im erdnahen Raum operierenden Raketen und Waffensystemen eine internationale Führungsposition zu erlangen. "This domain, little discussed, extends from about 100,000 feet to about 350,000 feet above the surface of the Earth. It’s a novel and tricky area, too high for planes to fly and too low for spacecraft to remain in orbit. (...) The Chinese decided to dominate this new field. Their means to do so would be hypersonic glide vehicles. HGVs involve boosting a projectile or winged reentry vehicle to hypersonic velocities and then using aerodynamic lift in near space to extend its range far beyond that of a ballistic missile. The Germans pioneered the idea during World War II. But it was only recently that technology made the idea practical, and that Chinese engineers successfully mastered the technology. (...) HGV characteristics are bad news for U.S. missile defenses, which have sensors that track missiles traveling inside and outside the atmosphere, and interceptors designed either for endo or exo-atmospheric engagements. In other words, neither U.S. sensors nor effectors are specifically designed to counter systems that operate at high speed in near space."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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