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US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

New African




"The growing threat of ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Africa"


Auch Al Venter macht auf die besorgniserregende Bedrohung durch die Al-Qaida und den Islamischen Staat in ganz Afrika aufmerksam. "While the Middle East has been the traditional epicentre of jihadist extremism, in recent years, it has become clear that the pendulum has swung to Africa. As things stand, much of Somalia remains ungovernable and Boko Haram’s attacks extend well beyond Nigeria into the Niger Republic and Chad, aside from Cameroon."

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"What turns African heroes into villains?"


Allen Choruma versucht zu erklären, warum viele afrikanische Staatsmänner, die ihre Länder mit guten Absichten in die Unabhängigkeit geführt haben, in ihrer oft jahrelangen Amtszeit von "Helden" zu "Schurken" werden. "The weakness of most African leaders is the craving for power and desire to stay in power for as long as it takes and by whatever means, fair or foul. We have many examples of heroes turned villains, from the list of living and departed African leaders. In 2019, Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria – not to mention Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe in 2017 – were unceremoniously removed from office. These leaders should have left the political stage when the applause from their people was at its loudest pitch. The common trait of the so-called 'Strong Men of Africa', is that they overstay in office and forget why they were elected to power in the first place."

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"Perspective: The race against Africa’s ‘stubbornly high’ extreme poverty"


In vielen Regionen der Welt sei die absolute Armut in den letzten Jahrzehnten spürbar zurückgegangen, schreibt Saurabh Sinha. Die große Ausnahme sei Afrika, wo extreme Armut in der Bevölkerung immer noch inakzeptabel stark verbreitet sei. "While the share of the African population in extreme poverty has reduced over the years, nearly one in three Africans, 422m, is still in extreme poverty. Of the world’s 28 poorest countries, 27 are in Africa, all with poverty rates above 30%. From less than 15% in 1990, Africa accounted for 56% of the world’s poor people in 2015. On current trends, 86% of the extremely poor people in the world in 2030 will be in Africa, and the top 10 poorest countries in the world will be African, both in terms of absolute numbers and share of the extreme poor as a percentage of the total population. (...) African countries need to urgently invest in secondary education to increase the skills level of workers and accelerate the decline in fertility. This would kick off a virtuous circle in which, as fertility declines, more money could be invested per student and worker, raising productivity further and leading to sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reduction."

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"Anti-establishment figures win Tunisian election"


In der ersten Runde der tunesischen Präsidentschaftswahlen hat ein weitgehend unbekannter politischer Quereinsteiger offenbar die meisten Stimmen erhalten. "Kais Saïed, law professor and political outsider, leads the contest with 18.9% as of Monday night. 'Voters have carried out a revolution within a legal framework,' the previously little-known candidate said in Tunis. 'They want something new. New political thinking.' Saïed ran on a platform of overhauling the constitution and a voting system to decentralise power and put an end to corruption. He is socially conservative, supporting the death penalty, criminalisation of homosexuality and a sexual assault law that punishes unmarried couples who engage in public displays of affection. The outsider ran as an independent, shunning Tunisia’s two main parties: the secular Tahya Tounes party, which split from the late-president Essebsi’s Nidaa Tounes party earlier this year, and the Ennahda Movement, which runs as a Muslim democratic party."

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"The return of Russia to Africa"


Experten erwarten in den kommenden Jahren Johan Burger zufolge ein verstärktes "Gerangel um Afrika", das hauptsächlich von China, den USA und der EU angeführt werden könnte. Russland befinde sich hier bisher deutlich im Hintertreffen, wolle dies aber offensichtlich ändern. "Under Vladimir Putin, it now seems Russia has new aspirations for Africa, which is reflected in Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s visits to several African countries in 2018. Russia’s timing is good as Africa is both searching for and being courted by new strategic partners, amid changing geopolitical dynamics. First, significant changes among Africa’s traditional partners in the West, such as Brexit and the election of Donald Trump, have seen them adopt a more insular approach to foreign policy and international affairs. Apart from China, Russia is an obvious beneficiary (...). Russia’s interests are not only of a military nature, but it has economic characteristics as well. Africa’s large population, forecast to grow to 2.4bn by 2050 and more than 4bn by 2100, provides a massive market for Russian goods and services. The fact that the middle class is growing in leaps and bounds in Africa, makes this market even more attractive to Russian businesses. More than 620m people in Africa do not have access to electricity. This provides Russia’s nuclear industry with an attractive potential market."

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"Portugal takes cautious steps back into Africa"


Portugal sei dabei, seine jahrzehntelange Zurückhaltung bei der Entsendung von Kampftruppen nach Afrika aufzugeben, berichtet Joseph Hammond. "A unit of 40 Portuguese soldiers leads the EU training mission in Central African Republic (CAR). Furthermore, some 160 Portuguese special forces from 1st Paras Battalion are present in CAR as part of Portugal’s response to a call from France. Its Special Forces unit in CAR represents the first Portuguese soldiers to engage in substantial fire fights and conduct. Decades after it lost its colonial empire in Africa, Portugal is committing forces to a variety of combat missions across the continent. The new missions come with their own share of controversy. (...) Portugal’s new military intervention in Africa is not without its critics. 'By inserting itself into an alien geopolitical ecosystem, Portugal is multiplying its diplomatic liabilities without acquiring any semblance of benefit in return,' says Miguel Nunes Silva, a Portuguese foreign policy analyst."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Fluter Terror


Terrorismus bedroht die offene Gesellschaft und die kulturelle Vielfalt. Er ist uns fremd, aber er k...

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