The population of the People’s Republic of China
At the end of 2010, 593,832 foreigners lived in China, making up 0.05 percent of the total Chinese population.
Information Background Information*
Languages: Mandarin Chinese ("Putonghua"), various Chinese dialects, various minority languages
Area: 9,597,995 km² (including Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao)
Population (2012): 1.35 billion
Population density (2011): 144.1/km²
Population growth rate (2012): 0.5%
Foreign population (2010): 593,832 people (0.05%) or 1,020,145 people (0.1%) **
Working population (2012): 803,498,000
Unemployment rate (2012): 4.5%
Religions: Buddhism, Islam, Taoism, Protestant and Catholic "state churches"*** (whereby China follows an atheistic state ideology)
*If not otherwise indicated, the data were obtained from the German Federal Office of Statistics and the Foreign Office.
**The percentage of foreigners is 0.1 percent if those persons from Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao who live in China are taken into account.
***Five religions are officially permitted in the People’s Republic of China: Buddhism, Islam, Taoism as well as an alignment of Protestantism und Catholicism, the so-called Protestant and Catholic "state churches". The recognized religions are controlled by the state and there are no reliable statistics on the number of followers for each individual religion. The following numbers serve as approximates (according to official data from 2000 and surveys by East China Normal University and Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences in 2005): Buddhism ca. 150-200 m followers, Protestant Christianity 25-35 m, Islam 11-18 m, Catholic church 8.5-13 m, and Daoism 5.5 m followers (Meyer 2009).
This text is part of the Interner Link: country profile China.